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2.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 22(1): 29-35, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606634

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Survey study of training and practice paradigms and job satisfaction of dual-boarded emergency medicine (EM) and sports medicine (SM) physicians. The REDCap survey was sent to 193 American Board of EM members who hold a Certificate of Added Qualification in SM. A total of 124 EM/SM physicians responded (67.5% male). More than 70% completed three-year residencies while only 28.5% had an EM/SM residency faculty. One-quarter delayed fellowship after residency 6.45 years on average. Regarding their first job after fellowship, 27.6% practiced only EM, 54.5% practiced both EM and SM, and 12.2% practiced only SM. Regarding their current job, 29.1% practice only EM. 47.3% practice both EM and SM, and 20.9% practice only SM. Only 13.9% and 9.9% indicated they are unhappy with their first job and current job, respectively. There is significant variability in practice settings for EM/SM physicians with the overwhelming majority being happy with their career choices.


Assuntos
Medicina de Emergência , Internato e Residência , Médicos , Medicina Esportiva , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos , Feminino , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Satisfação no Emprego , Inquéritos e Questionários , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Medicina Esportiva/educação
3.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 22(1): 41-44, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606636

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Sports medicine (SM) fellowship training has become popular among residents. Thus, an analysis was undertaken to assess data on matching rates from 2010 to 2021. The purpose of this study is to analyze trends in SM fellowship applications using National Resident Matching Program data. Retrospective study with analysis of applicants applying into accredited SM fellowships between 2010 and 2021. The number of accredited programs and fellowship positions have more than doubled from 2010 to 2021. There was a significant increase in match rates over time (P < 0.001); match rates were at 70% or below prior to 2015 and above 70% after 2015. The average number of applicants per position stayed consistent. The number of Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine applicants increased 110% whereas the number of U.S. born foreign and non-U.S. citizen applicants decreased 20.8%. SM fellowship training has increased since 2010. Acceptance rates and number of applicants have increased over time because of the growth in fellowship programs and accredited positions.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Medicina Esportiva , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Bolsas de Estudo
4.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 22(1): 4-9, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606629

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Few sports medicine physicians have extensive experience in managing mass casualty trauma. Yet many, or most, of us find ourselves covering competitions, races, and events in venues where thousands of athletes and spectators gather, and these could quickly become mass casualty events in the setting of an explosion/bombing, active shooter, or similar incident. When this happens, the sports medicine team, already on site, is in a unique position to provide immediate assistance until additional resources arrive. In this article, we will discuss a framework for this initial trauma response to the mass casualty event at a mass participation sporting event.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa , Medicina Esportiva , Esportes , Humanos , Triagem
5.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 22(1): 36-40, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36606635

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The COVID-19 pandemic has created numerous challenges in all walks of life. One such challenge was the strain and subsequent effects on medical education, including the elimination of in-person learning opportunities. Consequently, in March of 2020, a nationwide Sports Medicine fellowship online education series was developed. Presentations were available for live and recorded viewing. Over the course of the 2020-2021 academic year, 38 presentations were offered, covering 45 topics. Live viewership totaled nearly 1600 through the year, while views of recorded lecture reached nearly 34,000. There was no statistical difference in the number of viewers for musculoskeletal versus nonmusculoskeletal topics in either the live (46.50 ± 35.37 vs. 43.38 ± 27.28 viewers, respectively; P = 0.77) or recorded formats (843.60 ± 337.66 vs 876.67 ± 624.70 viewers, respectively; P = 0.85). This article presents the novel approach to sports medicine education by the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine in the 2020-2021 academic year through the genesis the National Online Fellowship Education Program along with analyses of viewership data.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação à Distância , Medicina Esportiva , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Currículo , Bolsas de Estudo , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Medicina Esportiva/educação
6.
Instr Course Lect ; 72: 431-444, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36534871

RESUMO

Orthobiologic techniques can be used in the treatment of a variety of sports medicine pathologies, using an evidence-based approach focused on the value of all available approaches. The orthopaedic surgeon should be aware of the indications for and any technical pearls and pitfalls related to the use of orthobiologic agents as treatment for, or as an adjunct to management of, common sports medicine injuries and pathologies. Expected outcomes, including return to sport/activity, as well as potential complications and how to avoid them, should be considered. Although promising results have been reported, significant lack of high-level studies, inconsistent findings, and variability among current research make it challenging to reach a definitive conclusion about application, target populations, and overall effectiveness.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Produtos Biológicos , Medicina Esportiva , Esportes , Humanos , Traumatismos em Atletas/cirurgia
8.
Clin Podiatr Med Surg ; 40(1): xiii-xiv, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368851
9.
Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am ; 34(1): 239-263, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410884

RESUMO

The use of orthobiologic modalities such as platelet-rich plasma in orthopedics and sports medicine to deliver high concentrations of naturally occurring biologically active growth factors and proteins to the site of injury is very promising and continues to evolve. Early protection and tissue-specific progressive loading are critical components to successful outcomes following orthobiologic intervention. Each tissue heals and responds differently. Ligament, tendon, muscle, and articular cartilage each have unique healing properties that require tissue-specific loading. The authors have found using a criteria-based loading and exercise progression guided by dynamic imaging when appropriate to further advance the goal-oriented rehabilitation program. Each patient and injured tissue are unique and require specific intervention and rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Medicina Esportiva , Humanos , Tendões , Terapia Biológica
10.
Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am ; 34(1): 63-70, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410891

RESUMO

Orthobiologics have shown immense treatment potential in many medical fields including sports medicine, musculoskeletal disorders, and pain management. As with the case of any medical procedures and treatments, there are potential side effects or caveats that physicians and patients should be cognizant of. Nevertheless, the use of orthobiologics does not seem to have consistent severe side effects and do not have increased risks with transmissible disease, immune-modulated reactions, or oncologic processes.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Medicina Esportiva , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/terapia
13.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0277949, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36455059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Muscle strain injuries (MSIs) in the hamstrings are among the most prevalent injuries in elite soccer. We aimed to examine the relation between biomechanical maladaptation in eccentric strength and neuromuscular factors separated by their time and frequency domains. METHODS: 20 elite soccer players with a previous history of unilateral MSI in the M. biceps femoris (BF) long head and 20 without MSI participated. Knee flexion torques, rate of torque development (RTD) and electromyographic signals (EMG) of the BF, the M. semitendinosus (SMT) and knee extensors were obtained during unilateral maximal eccentric knee flexions performed at slow (30°/s) and fast (120°/s) angular speeds. Root mean squares and mean power frequency (MF) was calculated. RESULTS: In the group with a history of MSI, reduced maximal eccentric flexion torque (slow eccentrics -8±11, p<0.05; fast eccentrics -18±13 N*m, p<0.05) and RTD (-33±28 N*m/s, p<0.05; -95±47 N*m/s, p<0.05) concomitantly occurred with diminished agonistic myoelectrical activities (-4±5% of MVC, p<0.05; -10±7% of MVC, p<0.05) and MFs (-24±13 Hz, p<0.05; -24±18 Hz, p<0.05) in the BF. Simultaneously, antagonistic myoelectric activity was elevated (+4±3% of MVC, p<0.05; +3±3% of MVC, p<0.05) in MSI affected legs as compared to unaffected legs for both eccentric contractions. Deficits in myoelectrical activity (r2 = 0.715, p<0.05; r2 = 0.601, p<0.05) and MF (r2 = 0.484, p<0.05; r2 = 0.622, p<0.05) correlated with deficits in maximal torque in the affected leg in the MSI group. Analysis of SMT demonstrated no significant differences. CONCLUSION: Positive relationships between neuromuscular deficits and the reduced eccentric strength profile underpin neuronal inhibition after MSI. This persistent involvement of dysfunctional synergist and antagonist neural hamstring function in strength weakness is of clinical relevance in sports medicine for prevention and rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Músculos Isquiossurais , Futebol , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles , Medicina Esportiva , Humanos , Torque
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497914

RESUMO

In Italy, recent amendments to Legislative Decree n. 36 of 28 February 2021, on sports work, may have made the application of the reform by stakeholders unclear, with the risk of generating further confusion among them. One of the most critical points concerns the possible equivalencies to the professional profile of the kinesiologist, which would be illegitimately recognized even for a different level of education, contrary to the requirements of the European qualification framework. The aim of the study was to understand the perceptions of stakeholders in the world of non-professional football regarding recent legislative provisions. A survey, divided into two sections, was administered to 112 presidents and 112 trainers of non-professional football associations of the province of Salerno. The first section presents five items common for both presidents and trainers, which seek to probe stakeholders' perceptions of the enjoyment, appropriateness, usefulness, and scientificity of kinesiologists. The second section presents five differentiated items. Validity and reliability were calculated. A chi-square analysis (χ2) was performed to test the independence within and between-subjects (trainers and presidents) on their perceptions about the new working professional profile of sports kinesiologist. From the results, it was possible to appreciate a discordance of opinion among stakeholders. Although the majority of presidents and trainers are in favour of introducing such a professional profile (p < 0.05), contradictions emerge concerning the contribution the new professional profile can make in practice (p > 0.05). The perceptual contradictions found among stakeholders' responses demonstrate how the complexity of recent regulatory provisions regarding possible equivalencies to the title of kinesiologist have inevitably generated further confusion among stakeholders.


Assuntos
Futebol Americano , Futebol , Medicina Esportiva , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medicina Esportiva/educação , Percepção
15.
Rev. andal. med. deporte ; 15(4): 127-131, Dic. 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-214653

RESUMO

Objetivo: Este estudo buscou identificar se existe influência na classificação nos indicadores de performance técnico das equipes liga espanhola, e identificar indicadores de performance técnico que diferenciem equipes de sucesso das equipes de não sucesso da liga espanhola. Método: Foram coletados dados de cinco variáveis técnicas, sendo elas: chute de dentro da área e de fora da área, média de passes para setor de defesa, meio-campo e ataque de 1900 partidas da La Liga entre os anos 2014 a 2019, por meio do site "whoscored.com", a análise da confiabilidade utilizou-se o sistema de rastreamento OPTA com valores ponderados de 0,92 e 0,94. As equipes foram divididas em cinco grupos contendo 4 equipes, de acordo com a sua classificação na competição anualmente. Após a coleta, para determinação da distribuição das variáveis foi utilizado o teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov. Para a identificação do efeito da tabela nas ações técnicas das equipes, foi utilizado o teste de ANOVA One-Way. Para as comparações múltiplas entre os grupos, foi utilizado o teste de Bonferroni. Resultado: Os indicadores de técnicos de desempenho que permitem diferenciar as quatro melhores equipes da competição das demais equipes são: chute de dentro da área, passe para o setor de meio-campo e para o setor de ataque. Conclusão: O estudo demostrou eficaz pois alcançou seus objetivos ao identificar as variáveis técnicas que diferenciam equipes de sucesso das equipes de não sucesso, bem como auxilia treinadores, analistas e demais profissionais do futebol a entender o contexto de atuação e se direcionar suas intervenções futuras.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudio buscó identificar si existe influencia en la clasificación en los indicadores de desempeño técnico de los equipos de la liga española, e identificar indicadores de desempeño técnico que diferencian a los equipos exitosos de los no exitosos en la liga española. Método: Se recogieron datos de cinco variables técnicas, a saber: tiros desde dentro y fuera del área, promedio de pases para el sector defensa, mediocampo y ataque de 1900 partidos de La Liga entre los años 2014 a 2019, a través del sitio web “whoscored.com “, el análisis de confiabilidad utilizó el sistema de rastreo OPTA con valores ponderados de 0.92 y 0.94. Los equipos se dividieron en cinco grupos de 4 equipos, según su clasificación en la competición anualmente. Después de la recolección, se utilizó la prueba de Kolmogorov-Smirnov para determinar la distribución de las variables. Para identificar el efecto de la tabla en las acciones técnicas de los equipos, se utilizó la prueba ANOVA de una vía. Para las comparaciones múltiples entre grupos se utilizó la prueba de Bonferroni. Resultado: Los indicadores de rendimiento técnico que permiten diferenciar a los cuatro mejores equipos de la competición del resto de equipos son: tiro desde dentro del área, pase al sector medio y al sector de ataque. Conclusión: El estudio demostró ser efectivo pues logró sus objetivos identificando las variables técnicas que diferencian a los equipos exitosos de los no exitosos, además de ayudar a entrenadores, analistas y otros profesionales del fútbol a comprender el contexto de su desempeño y orientar sus futuras intervenciones.(AU)


Objective: This study sought to identify if there is an influence on the classification in the technical performance indicators of the Spanish league teams, and to identify technical performance indicators that differentiate successful from non-successful teams in the Spanish league. Method:Data were collected from five technical variables, namely: kicking from inside the area and outside the area, average passes for the defense sector, midfield and attack of 1900 La Liga matches between the years 2014 to 2019, through from the website "whoscored.com", the reliability analysis used the OPTA tracking system with weighted values of 0.92 and 0.94. Teams are divided into five groups containing 4 teams, according to their ranking in the competition annually. After data collection, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to determine the distribution of variables. To identify the effect of the table on the technical actions of the teams, the One-Way ANOVA test was used. For multiple comparisons between groups, the Bonferroni test was used. Results: The technical performance indicators that allow you to differentiate the four best teams in the competition from the other teams are: kick from inside the area, pass to the midfield sector and to the attack sector. Conclusion: The study proved to be effective because it achieved its objectives by identifying the technical variables that differentiated successful from non-successful teams, and can help coaches, analysts and other football professionals to understand the context of their performance and target their future interventions.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Indicadores (Estatística) , Futebol , 51654 , Desempenho Atlético , Medicina Esportiva , Esportes
16.
Rev. andal. med. deporte ; 15(4): 132-137, Dic. 2022. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-214654

RESUMO

Objective:Most modern breast cancer treatments are shown to be effective in terms of survival but lead to side effects such as dysfunction of the upperlimb, lymphedema, pain syndrome, plexitis, ardiotoxicity, fatigue, and pulmonary complications. Applied radiotherapy enhances the number of sideсardiotoxicity, fatigue, and pulmonary complications. Applied radiotherapy enhances the number of sideeffects that patients with breast cancer experience over a long period. The aim of this study was to compare effectiveness of Hatha Yoga and Pilatesinterventions on respiratory function in patients with breast cancer.Methods:95 women completed the interventions and were included in the final analysis. The participants, staged I-II, were randomly assigned to 2groups. Group A (n = 48, 57.53 ± 1.92 years) received Hatha Yoga intervention and group B (n = 47, 58.00 ± 1.27 years) received Pilates intervention.Both programs were conducted for 12 weeks, with three 60-min sessions per week. Spirometry was used to measure pre- and post-interventionfunctional capacity of the respiratory system.Results:Significant differences (p<0.05) were found in Vital Capacity, Forced Vital Capacity, Peak Expiratory Flow, Maximum Expiratory Flow25,Expiratory Reserve Volume and Maximal Voluntary Ventilation in Hatha Yoga group compared with Pilates group. There was no significant differencebetween both groups in Force Expiratory Volume and Maximum Expiratory Flow50 (p>0,05) Conclusions: Hatha Yoga and Pilates interventions are both effective in respiratory function, but Hatha Yoga turns out more beneficial.(AU)


Objetivo: La mayoría de los tratamientos modernos contra el cáncer de mama han demostrado ser efectivos en términos de supervivencia, pero provocanefectos secundarios como disfunción del miembro superior, linfedema, síndrome de dolor, plexitis, cardiotoxicidad, fatiga y complicaciones pulmonares.La radioterapia aplicada aumenta la cantidad de efectos secundarios que experimentan los pacientes con cáncer de mama durante un períodoprolongado. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la efectividad de las intervenciones de Hatha Yoga y Pilates sobre la función respiratoria enpacientes con cáncer de mama.Métodos: 95 mujeres completaron las intervenciones y fueron incluidas en el análisis final. Los participantes, estadios I-II, fueron asignadosaleatoriamente a 2 grupos. El grupo A (n = 48, 57.53 ± 1.92 años) recibió intervención de Hatha Yoga y el grupo B (n = 47, 58.00 ± 1.27 años) recibióintervención de Pilates. Ambos programas se realizaron durante 12 semanas, con tres sesiones de 60 min por semana. La espirometría se utilizó paramedir la capacidad funcional del sistema respiratorio antes y después de la intervención.Resultados: Se encontraron diferencias significativas (p<0.05) en Capacidad Vital, Capacidad Vital Forzada, Flujo Espiratorio Pico, Flujo EspiratorioMáximo25, Volumen de Reserva Espiratorio y Ventilación Voluntaria Máxima en el grupo de Hatha Yoga comparado con el grupo de Pilates. No hubodiferencia significativa entre ambos grupos en Volumen Espiratorio Forzado y Flujo Espiratorio Máximo50 (p>0.05).Conclusiones: Las intervenciones de Hatha Yoga y Pilates son efectivas en la función respiratoria, pero Hatha Yoga resulta más beneficiosa.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Yoga , Técnicas de Exercício e de Movimento , Sistema Respiratório , Neoplasias da Mama , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Medicina Esportiva , Esportes , Ucrânia
17.
Rev. andal. med. deporte ; 15(4): 143-148, Dic. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-214655

RESUMO

Objective: The use of the aerobic system is especially relevant due to the duration of the soccer game. In fact, the correct development of the aerobicsystem benefits the soccer player giving greater energy efficiency because the continuous change of energy system due to the intermittent nature of thegame causes a high consumption of glycogen. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate oxygen consumption by means of the Yo-Yo intermittenttest and anthropometrical measures, and different COD (change of direction) tests in young soccer players and to observe their possible relationship. Methods: A total of forty-seven young male soccer players (age= 15.7 ± 1.2 years; height = 188.8 ± 5.8 cm, and body mass= of 75.7 ± 8.3 kg; 7.6 ± 2.0 yearsof experience) from the region of Baleares, Spain, performed the Yo-yo test and subsequently, COD was evaluated by tests in the following order (i) V-cuttest; (ii) 505-COD test; and (iii) Illinois test. Results: A correlation analysis between VO2max and BMI revealed a moderate negative correlation, r=-0.35, p=0.01, and between VO2max and 505-COD,showed a large negative correlation, r=-0.55, p=0.001. Conclusions: The finding of the present study reveals that there is no relationship between VO2max and agility. Therefore, there is no single method toimprove VO2max and agility since both are independent variables. The different agents involved should take this into account if they want to improveVO2max and plan some aerobic resistance exercises; and to improve agility they must plan agility exercises separately.(AU)


Objetivo: El uso del sistema aeróbico es especialmente relevante debido a la duración del partido de fútbol. De hecho, el correcto desarrollo del sistemaaeróbico beneficia al futbolista otorgándole una mayor eficiencia energética ya que el continuo cambio de sistema energético debido a la naturalezaintermitente del juego provoca un alto consumo de glucógeno. El propósito del presente estudio fue evaluar el consumo de oxígeno mediante la pruebaYo-Yo intermitente y medidas antropométricas, y diferentes pruebas COD (cambio de dirección) en jóvenes futbolistas y observar su posible relación. Métodos: Un total de cuarenta y siete jóvenes futbolistas masculinos (edad= 15.7 ± 1.2 años; altura = 188.8 ± 5.8 cm, y masa corporal= de 75.7 ± 8.3 kg;7.6 ± 2.0 años de experiencia) de la región de Baleares, España, realizó la prueba Yo-yo y posteriormente, se evaluó la DQO mediante pruebas en elsiguiente orden (i) prueba de corte en V; (ii) prueba 505-COD; y (iii) prueba de Illinois. Resultados: Un análisis de correlación entre VO2max e IMC reveló una correlación negativa moderada, r=-0.35, p=0.01, y entre VO2max y 505-CODmostró una correlación negativa grande, r=-0.55, p=0.001. Conclusiones: El hallazgo del presente estudio revela que no existe una relación entre el VO2max y la agilidad. Por lo tanto, no existe un método único paramejorar el VO2max y la agilidad ya que ambas son variables independientes. Los diferentes agentes implicados deberían tener esto en cuenta si quierenmejorar el VO2max y planificar algunos ejercicios de resistencia aeróbica; y para mejorar la agilidad deben planificar ejercicios de agilidad por separado.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Antropometria , Futebol , Atletas , Desempenho Atlético , Desempenho Físico Funcional , 51654 , Teste de Esforço , Exercício Físico , Equipamentos Esportivos , Medicina Esportiva , Esportes , Espanha
18.
Rev. andal. med. deporte ; 15(4): 138-142, Dic. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-214656

RESUMO

Objective: Research suggests that an active re-warm-up (RW-U) during half-time improves performance capacity in team sports, despite limited evidence in basketball. This study aimed to identify the practice of RW-U activities during the half-time period in elite and sub-elite Spanish men's and women's basketball teams. Methods: We asked strength and conditioning coaches from all teams competing at ACB, LF, LF2, LEB Oro, LEB Plata and EBA leagues during the 2020/21 season to fill in a web survey. Results: All respondents reported familiarization with the RW-U concept, although 45% only reproduced traditional strategies. Half of the coaches indicated that they always performed some activity, while the other half pointed out lack of time (45.7%) and player demands (62.9%) as the main constraints impeding its regular use. Conclusion: Spanish basketball teams continue to reproduce traditional practices of active re-warm-up during half-time, regardless of their competitive level.(AU)


Objetivo: La investigación sugiere que un recalentamiento activo (RW-U) durante el descanso mejora la capacidad de rendimiento en los deportes de equipo, a pesar de que la evidencia en el baloncesto es limitada. Este estudio tiene como objetivo identificar la práctica de actividades de RW-U durante el periodo de descanso en equipos de baloncesto españoles de élite y sub-élite. Métodos: Se pidió a los preparadores físicos de todos los equipos que compiten en las ligas ACB, LF, LF2, LEB Oro, LEB Plata y EBA durante la temporada2020/21 que rellenaran una encuesta web. Resultados: Todos los encuestados declararon estar familiarizados con el concepto RW-U, aunque el 45% sólo reprodujo las estrategias tradicionales. La mitad de los entrenadores indicó que siempre realizaba alguna actividad, mientras que la otra mitad señaló la falta de tiempo (45,7%) y la exigencia de los jugadores (62,9%) como las principales razones que limitan su uso regular. Conclusión: Los equipos de baloncesto español siguen reproduciendo prácticas tradicionales de re-calentamiento activo durante el medio tiempo, independientemente de su nivel competitivo.(AU)


Objectivos: A investigação sugere que um reaquecimento activo (RW-U) durante o intervalo melhora a capacidade de desempenho nos desportos de equipa, apesar das provas limitadas no basquetebol. Este estudo visava identificar a prática de actividades de RW-U durante o intervalo nas equipas de elite e subelite espanholas de basquetebol masculino e feminino. Métodos: Pedimos força e condicionamento aos treinadores de toda as equipas que competiram nas ligas ACB, LF, LF2, LEB Oro, LEB Plata e EBA durante a época de 2020/21 para preencher um inquérito na web. Resultados: Todos os inquiridos relataram familiarização com o conceito de RW-U, embora 45% reproduzissem apenas estratégias tradicionais. Metade dos treinadores indicaram que sempre realizaram alguma actividade, enquanto a outra metade apontou a falta de tempo (45,7%) e as exigências dos jogadores (62,9%) como os principais constrangimentos que impedem a sua utilização regular.Conclusão: As equipas espanholas de basquetebol continuam a reproduzir práticas tradicionais de reaquecimento activo durante o intervalo, independentemente do seu nível competitivo.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Basquetebol , Esportes , Desempenho Atlético , Espanha , Medicina Esportiva , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Rev. andal. med. deporte ; 15(4): 149-156, Dic. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-214657

RESUMO

La termografía infrarroja está siendo utilizada en la actualidad para medir la temperatura de la piel (Tsk) tanto en medicina como en ciencias delejercicio. Sin embargo, para obtener una imagen termográfica de calidad, es necesario tener en cuenta factores que intervienen para evitar unainterpretación errónea de los resultados observados, incluidos los factores antropométricos y de la composición corporal. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de estarevisión narrativa, es establecer cómo los parámetros antropométricos y de composición corporal pueden afectar los valores de Tsk, repercutiendo así enla evaluación de las imágenes termográficas. Los resultados de este estudio apuntan a un alto nivel de influencia de la superficie corporal y,especialmente, de la cantidad de grasa corporal en el patrón de normalidad esperado de la Tsk evaluada por termografía infrarroja, siendo los sujetos conmayor cantidad de grasa corporal quienes presentan menores valores de Tsk comparados con los de menor cantidad de grasa, algo que deberíaconsiderarse al evaluar a la población general y a los atletas con diferentes patrones de composición corporal.(AU)


Infrared thermography has been recently used to measure skin temperature (Tsk) in both medicine and sports medicine. However, to obtain a qualitythermographic image, it is necessary to observe intervening factors to avoid misinterpretation of the results, including anthropometric and bodycomposition factors. Therefore, the objective of this narrative review is to establish how anthropometric and body composition parameters can affect theTsk response, thus influencing the assessement of thermographic images. The results of this study point to a high level of influence of the body surfaceand, especially, of the amount of body fat in the expected Tsk pattern of normality evaluated by infrared thermography, being the subjects with higheramount of body fat who present lower Tsk values compared to those with lower body fat, which is something that should be considered when evaluatingthe general population and athletes with different body composition patterns.(AU)


A termografia infravermelha tem sido empregada de forma mais recente para mensurar a temperatura da pele (Tsk) sendo utilizada na medicina etambém na medicina esportiva. Entretanto, para se obter uma imagem termográfica de qualidade, vários fatores intervenientes precisam ser observadospara que se evite um erro de interpretação sobre os resultados observados, dentre eles os fatores antropométricos e de composição corporal. Assim que,o objetivo desta revisão narrativa é estabelecer de que forma os parâmetros antropométricos e de composição corporal podem afetar a resposta da Tsk,impactando assim na avaliação de imagens termográficas. Têm-se como principais conclusões que as evidências apontam para um elevado nível deinfluência da superfície corporal e especialmente da quantidade de gordura corporal sobe o padrão de normalidade esperada da Tsk avaliada portermografía infravermelha, de modo que indivíduos com maior quantidade de gordura corporal apresentam valores menores de Tsk quando comparadosa indivíduos com menor quantidade, devendo assim ser considerado ao avaliar a população em geral e atletas com diferentes padrões de gorduracorporal.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Antropometria , Composição Corporal , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Termografia , Temperatura Corporal , Tecido Adiposo , Superfície Corporal , Medicina Esportiva , Esportes , Brasil
20.
Rev. andal. med. deporte ; 15(4): 157-164, Dic. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-214658

RESUMO

The study aims to conduct a review of right ventricle, measured by echocardiography or magnetic resonance imaging, in athletes with high dynamic component and moderate static, the limit of the physiological adaptation. A search was carried out in the Medline database up to the end of 2017. This study showed that the mean values for the different measurements of the right ventricle in athletes are significantly greater than that of sedentary controls. In two of the 12 studies that analyzed mean diameter of the right ventricle in apical 4C, including 1477 endurance athletes and 498 controls, with high heterogeneity. Endurance athletes presented significantly higher longitudinal diameter of the RV in apical absolutes scores compared to control. The end diastolic volume and end systolic volume measured by magnetic resonance imaging, showed a significant standardized mean difference favoring athletes with a moderate heterogeneity.(AU)


El estudio tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión del ventrículo derecho, medido por ecocardiografía o resonancia magnética, en deportistas con alto componente dinámico y estático moderado, el límite de la adaptación fisiológica. Se realizó una búsqueda en la base de datos Medline hasta finales de 2017. Este estudio mostró que los valores medios de las diferentes mediciones del ventrículo derecho en los deportistas son significativamente mayores que los de los controles sedentarios. En dos de los 12 estudios que analizaron el diámetro medio del ventrículo derecho en apical 4C, incluyendo 1477 atletas de resistencia y 498 controles, con alta heterogeneidad. Los atletas de resistencia presentaron un diámetro longitudinal del VD en absolutas apicales significativamente mayor en comparación con los controles. El volumen diastólico final y el volumen sistólico final medidos por resonancia magnética, mostraron una diferencia media estandarizada significativa a favor de los atletas con una heterogeneidad moderada.(AU)


O estudo visa conduzir uma revisão do ventrículo direito, medido por ecocardiografia ou ressonância magnética, em atletas com elevada componente dinâmica e estática moderada, o limite da adaptação fisiológica. Foi realizada uma pesquisa na base de dados Medline até ao final de 2017. Este estudo mostrou que os valores médios das diferentes medidas do ventrículo direito em atletas são significativamente superiores aos dos controlos sedentários. Em dois dos 12 estudos que analisaram o diâmetro médio do ventrículo direito em 4C apical, incluindo 1477 atletas de endurance e 498 controlos, com elevada heterogeneidade. Os atletas de resistência apresentaram um diâmetro longitudinal do VD significativamente mais elevado nas pontuações absolutas apicais, em comparação com os controlos. O volume diastólico final e o volume sistólico final medido por ressonância magnética, mostraram uma diferença média padronizada significativa, favorecendo os atletas com uma heterogeneidade moderada.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Dupla Via de Saída do Ventrículo Direito , Adaptação Fisiológica , Exercício Físico , Ecocardiografia , Atletas , Esportes , Medicina Esportiva
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