Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 58.785
Filtrar
1.
BMJ Health Care Inform ; 29(1)2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983793

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: University Hospitals Leicester has codeveloped, with Nervecentre, an Electronic Prescribing and Medicines Administration System that meets specific clinical and interoperability demands of the National Health Service (NHS). METHODS: The system was developed through a frontline-led and agile approach with a project team consisting of clinicians, Information Technology (IT) specialists and the vendor's representatives over an 18-month period. RESULTS: The system was deployed successfully with more than a thousand transcriptions during roll-out. Despite the high caseload and novelty of the system, there was no increase in error rates within the first 3 months of roll-out. Healthcare professionals perceived the new system as efficient with improved clinical workflow, and safe through an integrated medication alert system. DISCUSSION: This case study demonstrates how NHS trusts can successfully co-develop, with vendors, new IT systems which meet interoperability standards such as Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources, while improving front line clinical experience. CONCLUSION: Alternative methods to the 'big bang' deployment of IT projects, such as 'gradual implementation', must be demonstrated and evaluated for their ability to deliver digital transformation projects in the NHS successfully.


Assuntos
Prescrição Eletrônica , Medicina Estatal , Humanos
2.
BMJ Open ; 12(1): e050665, 2022 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34992105

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to develop a better understanding of incident reporting in relation to transitions in care between hospital and care home, and to codesign a systems-level response to safety issues for patients transitioning between hospital and care home. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Two workstreams (W) will run in parallel. W1 will aim to develop a taxonomy of incident reporting in care homes, underpinned by structured interviews (N=150) with care home representatives, scoping review of care home incident reporting systems, and a review of incident reporting policy related to care homes. The taxonomy will be developed using a standardised approach to taxonomy development. W2 will be structured in three phases (P). P1a will consist of ≤40 interviews with care home staff to develop a better understanding of their specific internal systems for reporting incidents, and P1b will include ≤30 interviews with others involved in transitions between hospital and care home. P1a and P1b will also examine the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on safe transitions. P2 will consist of a retrospective documentary analysis of care home data relating to resident transitions, with data size and sampling determined based on data sources identified in P1a. A validated data extraction form will be adapted before use. P3 will consist of four validation and codesign workshops to develop a service specification using National Health Service Improvement's service specification framework, which will then be mapped against existing systems and recommendations produced. Framework analysis informed by the heuristic of systemic risk factors will be the primary mode of analysis, with content analysis used for analysing incident reports. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has received university ethical approval and Health Research Authority approval. Findings will be disseminated to commissioners, providers and regulators who will be able to use the codesigned service specification to improve integrated care.


Assuntos
Segurança do Paciente , Transferência de Pacientes , Medicina Estatal , COVID-19 , Hospitais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Hum Resour Health ; 20(1): 7, 2022 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012564

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Regulatory processes for Oral health care professionals are considered essential for patient safety and to ensure health workforce quality. The global variation in their registration and regulation is under-reported in the literature. Regulatory systems could become a barrier to their national and international movement, leading to loss of skilled human resources. The General Dental Council is the regulatory authority in the UK, one of the nine regulators of health care overseen by the Professional Standards Authority. AIM: The aim of this paper is to present the professional integration experiences of internationally qualified dentists (IQDs) working in the UK, against the background of regulation and accreditation nationally. METHODS: Registration data were obtained from the General Dental Council to inform the sampling and recruitment of research participants. Semi-structured interviews of 38 internationally qualified dentists working in the United Kingdom were conducted between August 2014 and October 2017. The topic guide which explored professional integration experiences of the dentists was informed by the literature, with new themes added inductively. A phenomenological approach involving an epistemological stance of interpretivism, was used with framework analysis to detect themes. RESULTS: Internationally qualified dentist's professional integration was influenced by factors that could be broadly classified as structural (source country training; registration and employment; variation in practising dentistry) and relational (experiences of discrimination; value of networks and support; and personal attributes). The routes to register for work as a dentist were perceived to favour UK dental graduates and those qualifying from the European Economic Area. Dentists from the rest of the world reported experiencing major hurdles including succeeding in the licensing examinations, English tests, proving immigration status and succeeding in obtaining a National Health Service performer number, all prior to being able to practice within state funded dental care. CONCLUSION: The pathways for dentists to register and work in state funded dental care in UK differ by geographic type of registrant, creating significant inconsistencies in their professional integration. Professional integration is perceived by an individual IQD as a continuum dictated by host countries health care systems, workforce recruitment policies, access to training, together with their professional and personal skills. The reliance of the UK on internationally qualified dentists has increased in the past two decades, however, it is not known how these trends will be affected by UK's exit from the European Union and the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Acreditação , Odontólogos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Medicina Estatal , Reino Unido
4.
BMJ Open Qual ; 11(1)2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has put health systems across the world under significant pressure. In March 2020, a national directive was issued by the National Health Service (NHS) England instructing trusts to scale back face-to-face outpatient appointments, and rapidly implement virtual clinics. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team of change managers, analysts and clinicians were assembled to evaluate initial implementation of virtual clinics at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust. In-depth interviews were conducted with clinicians who have delivered virtual clinics during the pandemic. An inductive thematic approach was used to analyse clinicians' early experiences and identify enablers for longer term sustainability. RESULTS: Ninety-five clinicians from specialist services across the trust were interviewed between April and May 2020 to reflect on their experiences of delivering virtual clinics during Wave I COVID-19. Key reflections include the perceived benefits of virtual consultations to patients and clinicians; the limitations of virtual consultations compared with face-to-face consultations; and the key enablers that would optimise and sustain the delivery of virtual pathways longer term. CONCLUSIONS: In response to the pandemic, outpatient services across the trust were rapidly redesigned and virtual clinics implemented. As a result, services have been able to sustain some level of service delivery. However, clinicians have identified challenges in delivering this model of care and highlighted enablers needed to sustaining the delivery of virtual clinics longer term, such as patient access to diagnostic tests and investigations closer to home.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , SARS-CoV-2 , Medicina Estatal
5.
BMJ Open ; 12(1): e053222, 2022 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To understand the rationale, implementation and early impact of vertical integration between primary care medical practices and the organisations running acute hospitals in the National Health Service in England and Wales. DESIGN AND SETTING: A qualitative, cross-comparative case study evaluation at two sites in England and one in Wales, consisting of interviews with stakeholders at the sites, alongside observations of strategic meetings and analysis of key documents. RESULTS: We interviewed 52 stakeholders across the three sites in the second half of 2019 and observed four meetings from late 2019 to early 2020 (further observation was prevented by the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic). The single most important driver of vertical integration was found to be to maintain primary care local to where patients live and thereby manage demand pressure on acute hospital services, especially emergency care. The opportunities created by maintaining local primary care providers-to develop patient services in primary care settings and better integrate them with secondary care-were exploited to differing degrees across the sites. There were notable differences between sites in operational and management arrangements, and in organisational and clinical integration. Closer organisational integration was attributed to previous good relationships between primary and secondary care locally, and to historical planning and preparation towards integrated working across the local health economy. The net impact of vertical integration on health system costs is argued by local stakeholders to be beneficial. CONCLUSIONS: Vertical integration is a valuable option when primary care practices are at risk of closing, and may be a route to better integration of patient care. But it is not the only route and vertical integration is not attractive to all primary care physicians. A future evaluation of vertical integration is intended; of patients' experience and of the impact on secondary care service utilisation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicina Estatal , Inglaterra , Hospitais , Humanos , Pandemias , Atenção Primária à Saúde , SARS-CoV-2 , País de Gales
6.
Br J Nurs ; 31(1): 57, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35019742

RESUMO

Sam Foster, Chief Nurse, Oxford University Hospitals, considers the lessons from research into the trainee nurse associate role and the implications for workforce planning.


Assuntos
Medicina Estatal , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Reino Unido , Recursos Humanos
7.
Br J Nurs ; 31(1): 52-53, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35019743

RESUMO

John Tingle, Lecturer in Law, Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham, looks forward to government deliberations and a report in 2022 on the reform of the clinical negligence compensation system.


Assuntos
Imperícia , Medicina Estatal , Governo , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente , Instituições Acadêmicas , Reino Unido
8.
Int J Med Inform ; 157: 104642, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient centred care necessitates that healthcare experiences and perceived outcomes be considered across all transitions of care. Information encoded within free-text patient experience comments relating to transitions of care are not captured in a systematic way due to the manual resource required. We demonstrate the use of natural language processing (NLP) to extract meaningful information from the Friends and Family Test (FFT). METHODS: Free-text fields identifying favourable service ("What did we do well?") and areas requiring improvement ("What could we do better?") were extracted from 69,285 FFT reports across four care settings at a secondary care National Health Service (NHS) hospital. Sentiment and patient experience themes were coded by three independent coders to produce a training dataset. The textual data was standardised with a series of pre-processing techniques and the performance of six machine learning (ML) models was obtained. The best performing ML model was applied to predict the themes and sentiment from the remaining reports. Comments relating to transitions of care were extracted, categorised by sentiment, and care setting to identify the most frequent words/combinations presented as tri-grams and word clouds. RESULTS: The support vector machine (SVM) ML model produced the highest accuracy in predicting themes and sentiment. The most frequent single words relating to transition and continuity with a negative sentiment were "discharge" in inpatients and Accident and Emergency, "appointment" in outpatients, and "home' in maternity. Tri-grams identified from the negative sentiments such as 'seeing different doctor', 'information aftercare lacking', 'improve discharge process' and 'timing discharge letter' have highlighted some of the problems with care transitions. None of this information was available from the quantitative data. CONCLUSIONS: NLP can be used to identify themes and sentiment from patient experience survey comments relating to transitions of care in all four healthcare settings. With the help of a quality improvement framework, findings from our analysis may be used to guide patient-centred interventions to improve transitional care processes.


Assuntos
Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Medicina Estatal , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Gravidez
9.
Int J Health Serv ; 52(1): 168-173, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668424

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has wrought fundamental changes in the US workplace, placing employer-sponsored health insurance (ESI) in disarray. Before the pandemic, ESI was the single largest share of private health insurance in the country, including some 150 million Americans. Even before the pandemic, however, ESI had become increasingly volatile and more unaffordable for both employers and employees. During the pandemic, many workers found that they could work at home remotely. Job losses during the pandemic left many millions uninsured, with many jobs lost indefinitely. Today, many Americans are rethinking how and where they want to be involved in the workplace, while many businesses are considering a future when more people are working from home or being replaced by robots, placing ESI in further jeopardy. This article brings historical perspective to these problems, showing how the private health insurance industry has failed the public interest by being too fragmented and unreliable to be afforded or depended upon. Three major reform alternatives are described, only 1 of which-single-payer improved Medicare for All-can provide stable universal coverage that meets the needs of all Americans while being affordable for patients, families, and taxpayers.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Planos de Assistência de Saúde para Empregados , Humanos , Cobertura do Seguro , Seguro Saúde , Medicare , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Medicina Estatal , Estados Unidos , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde
16.
BMJ ; 375: e065834, 2021 12 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the rates for consulting a general practitioner (GP) for sequelae after acute covid-19 in patients admitted to hospital with covid-19 and those managed in the community, and to determine how the rates change over time for patients in the community and after vaccination for covid-19. DESIGN: Population based study. SETTING: 1392 general practices in England contributing to the Clinical Practice Research Datalink Aurum database. PARTICIPANTS: 456 002 patients with a diagnosis of covid-19 between 1 August 2020 and 14 February 2021 (44.7% men; median age 61 years), admitted to hospital within two weeks of diagnosis or managed in the community, and followed-up for a maximum of 9.2 months. A negative control group included individuals without covid-19 (n=38 511) and patients with influenza before the pandemic (n=21 803). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Comparison of rates for consulting a GP for new symptoms, diseases, prescriptions, and healthcare use in individuals admitted to hospital and those managed in the community, separately, before and after covid-19 infection, using Cox regression and negative binomial regression for healthcare use. The analysis was repeated for the negative control and influenza cohorts. In individuals in the community, outcomes were also described over time after a diagnosis of covid-19, and compared before and after vaccination for individuals who were symptomatic after covid-19 infection, using negative binomial regression. RESULTS: Relative to the negative control and influenza cohorts, patients in the community (n=437 943) had significantly higher GP consultation rates for multiple sequelae, and the most common were loss of smell or taste, or both (adjusted hazard ratio 5.28, 95% confidence interval 3.89 to 7.17, P<0.001); venous thromboembolism (3.35, 2.87 to 3.91, P<0.001); lung fibrosis (2.41, 1.37 to 4.25, P=0.002), and muscle pain (1.89, 1.63 to 2.20, P<0.001); and also for healthcare use after a diagnosis of covid-19 compared with 12 months before infection. For absolute proportions, the most common outcomes ≥4 weeks after a covid-19 diagnosis in patients in the community were joint pain (2.5%), anxiety (1.2%), and prescriptions for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (1.2%). Patients admitted to hospital (n=18 059) also had significantly higher GP consultation rates for multiple sequelae, most commonly for venous thromboembolism (16.21, 11.28 to 23.31, P<0.001), nausea (4.64, 2.24 to 9.21, P<0.001), prescriptions for paracetamol (3.68, 2.86 to 4.74, P<0.001), renal failure (3.42, 2.67 to 4.38, P<0.001), and healthcare use after a covid-19 diagnosis compared with 12 months before infection. For absolute proportions, the most common outcomes ≥4 weeks after a covid-19 diagnosis in patients admitted to hospital were venous thromboembolism (3.5%), joint pain (2.7%), and breathlessness (2.8%). In patients in the community, anxiety and depression, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, general pain, nausea, chest tightness, and tinnitus persisted throughout follow-up. GP consultation rates were reduced for all symptoms, prescriptions, and healthcare use, except for neuropathic pain, cognitive impairment, strong opiates, and paracetamol use in patients in the community after the first vaccination dose for covid-19 relative to before vaccination. GP consultation rates were also reduced for ischaemic heart disease, asthma, and gastro-oesophageal disease. CONCLUSIONS: GP consultation rates for sequelae after acute covid-19 infection differed between patients with covid-19 who were admitted to hospital and those managed in the community. For individuals in the community, rates of some sequelae decreased over time but those for others, such as anxiety and depression, persisted. Rates of some outcomes decreased after vaccination in this group.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Clínicos Gerais , Hospitalização , Visita a Consultório Médico/estatística & dados numéricos , SARS-CoV-2 , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medicina Estatal , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
17.
BMJ ; 375: n3060, 2021 12 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965931

RESUMO

The studyHerrett E, Williamson E, Brack K, et al. The effect of statins on muscle symptoms in primary care: the StatinWISE series of 200 N-of-1 RCTs. Health Technol Assess 2021;25:16.To read the full NIHR Alert, go to: https://evidence.nihr.ac.uk/alert/statins-not-likely-to-cause-muscle-pain-stiffness/.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Mialgia/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Medicina Estatal , País de Gales
18.
BMJ Open Qual ; 10(4)2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930720

RESUMO

In response to there being no specialist paediatric palliative care (PPC) team in a region of England, we undertook a 12-month quality improvement project (funded by National Health Service England's Marginal Rate Emergency Threshold and Readmission fund) to improve children's end-of-life care.Improvements were implemented during two plan-do-study-act (PDSA) cycles and included specialist experts, clinical champions, focused education and training, and tools and materials to support identification, care planning and communication. A lead paediatrician with expertise in PPC (10 hours/week) led the project, supported by a PPC nurse (3 days/week) and a network administrator (2 days/week).Children who died an expected death were identified from the child death review teams. Numbers of non-elective hospital admissions, bed days, and costs were identified.Twenty-nine children died an expected death during the 12 months of the project and coincidentally 29 children died an expected death during the previous 12 months. The median number of non-elective admissions in the last 12 months of life was reduced from two per child to one. There was a reduction in specialist hospital (14%) and district general hospital (38%) bed days. The percentage of children who died an expected death who had anticipatory care plans rose from 50% to 72%.The results indicate that a network of clinicians with expertise in PPC working together across a region can improve personalised care planning and reduce admissions and bed days for children in their last year-of-life with reduced bed utilisation costs.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Assistência Terminal , Criança , Hospitalização , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Medicina Estatal
19.
BMJ Open Qual ; 10(4)2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930721

RESUMO

A treatment escalation plan (TEP) enables timely and appropriate decision making in the management of deteriorating patients. The COVID-19 pandemic precipitated the widespread use of TEPs in acute care settings throughout the National Health Service (NHS) to facilitate safe and effective decision making. TEP proformas have not been developed for the inpatient psychiatric setting. This is particularly concerning in old age psychiatry inpatient wards where patients often have multiple compounding comorbidities and complex decisions regarding capacity are often made. Our aim for this quality improvement project was to pilot a novel TEP proforma within a UK old age psychiatry inpatient hospital. We first adapted a TEP proforma used in our partner acute tertiary hospital and implemented it on our old age psychiatry wards. We then further refined the form and gathered data about uptake, length of time to complete a TEP and the ceiling of care documented in the TEP. We also explored staff, patient and family views on the usefulness of TEP proformas using questionaries. TEP decisions were documented in 54% of patient records at baseline. Following revision and implementation of a TEP proforma this increased to 100% on our two wards. The mean time taken to complete a TEP was reduced from 7.1 days to 3.2 days following inclusion of the TEP proforma in admission packs. Feedback from staff showed improvements in understanding about TEP and improved knowledge of where these decisions were documented. We advocate the use of TEP proformas on all old age psychiatry inpatient wards to offer clear guidance to relatives and treating clinicians about the ceilings of care for patients. There are potentially wider benefits to healthcare systems by reducing inappropriate transfers between psychiatry and acute NHS hospitals.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Psiquiatria , Hospitais , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Medicina Estatal
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...