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1.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 18(11): 2673-2680, 2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308029

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) remains a highly prevalent disorder that can lead to multiple adverse outcomes when undiagnosed and/or when left untreated. There continue to be gaps and variations in the provision of care for the adult patient population with OSA, which emphasizes the importance of the measure maintenance initiative for The Quality Measures for the Care of Adult Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (originally developed in 2015). The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) convened the Quality Measures Task Force in 2018 to review the current medical literature, other existing quality measures focused on the same patient population, and any performance data or data in the medical literature that show gaps or variations in care, to inform potential revisions to the quality measure set. These revised quality measures will be implemented in the AASM Sleep Clinical Data Registry (Sleep CDR) to capture performance data and encourage continuous improvement in outcomes associated with diagnosing and managing OSA in the adult population. CITATION: Lloyd R, Morgenthaler TI, Donald R, et al. Quality measures for the care of adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea: 2022 update after measure maintenance. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(11):2673-2680.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Medicina do Sono , Adulto , Humanos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Sono , Comitês Consultivos
2.
3.
Front Public Health ; 10: 936736, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36033744

RESUMO

Poor sleep has significant impacts on both mental and physical well-being. This is especially the case for shift workers who rely on good sleep practices to manage the disruption caused by their working conditions. In recent years there has been a proliferation of sleep-focused mobile phone applications, some of which may be suitable for use by shift workers. There is limited evidence however, on whether these applications are sufficient in managing the sleep needs of the early start shift working population (i.e., those whose work schedules begin pre-dawn). This scoping review aims to identify and discuss peer-reviewed literature on mobile sleep applications used by early start shift workers for sleep-self management. Four databases (Scopus, EBSCOhost, CINAHL and PsycInfo) were searched for relevant literature using a pre-determined search string. The initial search using the term early start shift work returned no papers, however a broadened search on shift work in general found 945 papers for title and abstract screening, of which 21 were deemed eligible for full text screening. Two of these papers met the inclusion criteria for this review. The results highlight, firstly, the paucity of research on the use of mobile phone applications for sleep self-management amongst early start shift workers, and secondly, the need for further research on the effectiveness of mobile applications for sleep self-management amongst shift workers in general. A working definition of early start shift work that can be used to stimulate research in this understudied population of shift workers is also proposed.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Aplicativos Móveis , Autogestão , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Medicina do Sono , Sono , Humanos
5.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 204(3): e26-e50, 2021 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347574

RESUMO

Background: Well-designed clinical research needs to obtain information that is applicable to the general population. However, most current studies fail to include substantial cohorts of racial/ethnic minority populations. Such underrepresentation may lead to delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis of disease, wide application of approved interventions without appropriate knowledge of their usefulness in certain populations, and development of recommendations that are not broadly applicable.Goals: To develop best practices for recruitment and retention of racial/ethnic minorities for clinical research in pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine.Methods: The American Thoracic Society convened a workshop in May of 2019. This included an international interprofessional group from academia, industry, the NIH, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, with expertise ranging from clinical and biomedical research to community-based participatory research methods and patient advocacy. Workshop participants addressed historical and current mistrust of scientific research, systemic bias, and social and structural barriers to minority participation in clinical research. A literature search of PubMed and Google Scholar was performed to support conclusions. The search was not a systematic review of the literature.Results: Barriers at the individual, interpersonal, institutional, and federal/policy levels were identified as limiting to minority participation in clinical research. Through the use of a multilevel framework, workshop participants proposed evidence-based solutions to the identified barriers.Conclusions: To date, minority participation in clinical research is not representative of the U.S. and global populations. This American Thoracic Society research statement identifies potential evidence-based solutions by applying a multilevel framework that is anchored in community engagement methods and patient advocacy.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Cuidados Críticos , Etnicidade , Grupos Minoritários , Seleção de Pacientes , Pneumologia , Medicina do Sono , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Defesa do Paciente , Política Pública , Sociedades Médicas , Participação dos Interessados , Confiança , Estados Unidos
7.
Sleep Med Clin ; 16(3): 409-416, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325820

RESUMO

The worldwide COVID-19 pandemic has affected the operation of health care systems. The direct impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on COVID-19 infection outcome remains to be elucidated. However, the coincidence of common risk factors for OSA and severe COVID-19 suggests that patients with OSA receiving positive airway pressure therapy may have an advantage relative to those untreated when confronted with a COVID-19 infection. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has led to a substantial reduction of sleep medicine services, and the long-term consequences may be considerable. New strategies for the management of sleep disorders are needed to overcome the current underdiagnosis and delay of treatment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Medicina do Sono , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Sistema de Registros , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Medicina do Sono/estatística & dados numéricos , Suécia/epidemiologia
8.
Sleep Med Clin ; 16(3): 475-483, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325824

RESUMO

New trends in sleep medicine make use of the increased computational power of digital transformation. A current trend toward fewer sensors on the body of the sleeper and to more data processing from derived signals is observed. Telemedicine technologies are used for data transmission and for better patient management in terms of diagnosis and in terms of treatment of chronic conditions.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Medicina do Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Telemedicina , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Medicina do Sono/tendências , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia
9.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 17(10): 2115-2119, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170250

RESUMO

CITATION: Sleep is a biological necessity, and insufficient sleep and untreated sleep disorders are detrimental for health, well-being, and public safety. Healthy People 2030 includes several sleep-related objectives with the goal to improve health, productivity, well-being, quality of life, and safety by helping people get enough sleep. In addition to adequate sleep duration, healthy sleep requires good quality, appropriate timing, regularity, and the absence of sleep disorders. It is the position of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) that sleep is essential to health. There is a significant need for greater emphasis on sleep health in education, clinical practice, inpatient and long-term care, public health promotion, and the workplace. More sleep and circadian research is needed to further elucidate the importance of sleep for public health and the contributions of insufficient sleep to health disparities. CITATION: Ramar K, Malhotra RK, Carden KA, et al. Sleep is essential to health: an American Academy of Sleep Medicine position statement. J Clin Sleep Med. 2021;17(10):2115-2119.


Assuntos
Medicina do Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Academias e Institutos , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos
10.
Psychoneuroendocrinology ; 129: 105241, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation-related processes have emerged as a biological pathway related to adolescent development. This study examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of baseline inflammatory markers with sleep, circadian preference, and health at baseline and following treatment. METHODS: Participants included 165 adolescents (58.2% female, mean age 14.7 years, 42.4% taking medication) "at-risk" in at least one domain (emotional, cognitive, behavioral, social, and physical health) who received a sleep-based intervention. Self-reported eveningness as well as total sleep time (TST) and bedtime from sleep diary were assessed at baseline and following treatment. Baseline soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor-2 (sTNF-R2) and interleukin (IL)-6 were assayed from oral mucosal transudate. Baseline C-reactive protein (CRP) was assayed from saliva. RESULTS: At baseline, shorter TST was associated with more emotional risk among adolescents with higher CRP (b = -0.014, p = 0.007). Greater eveningness was related to more behavioral risk in the context of lower IL-6 (b = -0.142, p = 0.005). Following treatment, lower baseline IL-6 was associated with reduced behavioral risk (Χ2 = 8.06, p = 0.045) and lower baseline CRP was related to reduced physical health risk (Χ2 = 9.34, p = 0.025). Baseline inflammatory markers were not significantly associated with sleep, circadian, or other health domain change following treatment. CONCLUSIONS: There was cross-sectional evidence that sleep and circadian dysfunction differentially relate to emotional and behavioral health risk for high and low levels of inflammatory markers. Longitudinal analyses indicated that lower levels of baseline inflammatory markers may be related to better treatment response to a sleep-based intervention.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Saúde , Interleucina-6/análise , Receptores Tipo II do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/análise , Medicina do Sono , Sono/fisiologia , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Mucosa Bucal/química , Saliva/química , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Anesth Analg ; 132(5): 1223-1230, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33857964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders affect up to 25% of the general population and are associated with increased risk of adverse perioperative events. The key sleep medicine topics that are most important for the practice of anesthesiology have not been well-defined. The objective of this study was to determine the high-priority sleep medicine topics that should be included in the education of anesthesia residents based on the insight of experts in the fields of anesthesia and sleep medicine. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cross-sectional survey of experts in the fields of sleep medicine and anesthesia based on the Delphi technique to establish consensus on the sleep medicine topics that should be incorporated into anesthesia residency curricula. Consensus for inclusion of a topic was defined as >80% of all experts selecting "agree" or "strongly agree" on a 5-point Likert scale. Responses to the survey questions were analyzed with descriptive statistical methods and presented as percentages or weighted mean values with standard deviations (SD) for Likert scale data. RESULTS: The topics that were found to have 100% agreement among experts were the influence of opioids and anesthetics on control of breathing and upper airway obstruction; potential interactions of wake-promoting/hypnotic medications with anesthetic agents; effects of sleep and anesthesia on upper airway patency; and anesthetic management of sleep apnea. Less than 80% agreement was found for topics on the anesthetic implications of other sleep disorders and future pathways in sleep medicine and anesthesia. CONCLUSIONS: We identify key topics of sleep medicine that can be included in the future design of anesthesia residency training curricula.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas/educação , Anestesiologia/educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Internato e Residência , Medicina do Sono/educação , Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Competência Clínica , Consenso , Estudos Transversais , Currículo , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/complicações , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/diagnóstico , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/fisiopatologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos
14.
Anesth Analg ; 132(5): 1296-1305, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33857971

RESUMO

There is common ground between the specialties of anesthesiology and sleep medicine. Traditional sleep medicine curriculum for anesthesiology trainees has revolved around the discussion of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its perioperative management. However, it is time to include a broader scope of sleep medicine-related topics that overlap these specialties into the core anesthesia residency curriculum. Five main core competency domains are proposed, including SLeep physiology; Evaluation of sleep health; Evaluation for sleep disorders and clinical implications; Professional and academic roles; and WELLness (SLEEP WELL). The range of topics include not only the basics of the physiology of sleep and sleep-disordered breathing (eg, OSA and central sleep apnea) but also insomnia, sleep-related movement disorders (eg, restless legs syndrome), and disorders of daytime hypersomnolence (eg, narcolepsy) in the perioperative and chronic pain settings. Awareness of these topics is relevant to the scope of knowledge of anesthesiologists as perioperative physicians as well as to optimal sleep health and physician wellness and increase consideration among current anesthesiology trainees for the value of dual credentialing in both these specialties.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas/educação , Anestesiologia/educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Medicina do Sono/educação , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/fisiopatologia , Sono , Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Competência Clínica , Credenciamento , Currículo , Humanos , Assistência Perioperatória/educação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos
15.
Sleep Med ; 81: 246-252, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735652

RESUMO

Due to the rapid growth in sleep medicine's professional content, several countries have recognized sleep medicine as an independent specialty. The practice of sleep medicine and the demand for this service in Asian countries are expanding. At this point of growth, the accreditation of sleep medicine specialists is paramount to patient care and the training of physicians and technologists. The Asian Society of Sleep Medicine (ASSM) mandated a taskforce committee for the accreditation of sleep medicine practice. This taskforce developed Asian accreditation practice guidelines for sleep medicine physicians and technologists. This paper presents the newly approved Asian accreditation practice guidelines for sleep medicine physicians and technologists by the ASSM.


Assuntos
Médicos , Medicina do Sono , Acreditação , Ásia , Humanos , Sono
16.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 17(5): 1103-1107, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599202

RESUMO

NONE: The COVID-19 pandemic led to widespread use of telemedicine and highlighted its importance in improving access to sleep care and advocating for sleep health. This update incorporates the lessons learned from such widespread utilization of telehealth to build on the American Academy of Sleep Medicine's 2015 position paper on the use of telemedicine for diagnosing and treating sleep disorders. Important key factors in this update include an emphasis on quality and value, privacy and safety, health advocacy through sleep telemedicine, and future directions.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Telemedicina , Academias e Institutos , COVID-19 , Humanos , Medicina do Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/terapia , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 17(6): 1229-1235, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612159

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Like other medical branches, the practice of sleep medicine has been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic; however, the actual impact is not known. This study was planned to assess the status of the practice of sleep medicine in India during the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown. METHODS: This was an online questionnaire-based descriptive study. A 25-item questionnaire was developed to assess the functioning of sleep laboratories, use of telemedicine, and positive airway pressure therapy during the COVID-19 pandemic in India. The questionnaire was sent to the sleep physicians of 2 major sleep medicine societies of India. Responses were analyzed. RESULTS: In this study, the response rate was 64.6%. During this pandemic, 72% of physicians reported that they had closed sleep laboratory, whereas 24% reported shifting to home sleep apnea testing. Only half of the sleep physicians confirmed awareness of the disinfection guidelines proposed by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine to prevent COVID-19 infection in the sleep laboratory. However, almost all of them reported taking preventive measures like the use of protective gear. Sixty-one percent of physicians advised mitigating strategies as a temporary measure to their patients of obstructive sleep apnea. A total of 58.6% opined that auto-positive airway pressure might be used for uncomplicated obstructive sleep apnea without diagnostic polysomnography during the pandemic. Eighty-four percent of physicians reported that they were continuing their services through a telemedicine facility. Physicians reported that consultations for insomnia and circadian rhythm sleep disorders increased during the pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: Sleep laboratories were reportedly closed during the COVID-19 pandemic, and most of the sleep physicians were providing services through telemedicine. The majority reported that auto-positive airway pressure without diagnostic polysomnography could be an effective option for uncomplicated obstructive sleep apnea. Consultation for insomnia and circadian rhythm sleep disorders reportedly increased during the lockdown.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Medicina do Sono , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Medicina do Sono/organização & administração
18.
Sleep Med Clin ; 16(1): 61-74, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485532

RESUMO

The high burden of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), combined with inadequate supply of sleep specialists and constraints on polysomnography resources, has prompted interest in alternative models of care to improve access and treatment effectiveness. In appropriately selected patients, ambulatory clinical pathways and use of nonphysicians or primary care providers to manage OSA can improve timely access and costs without compromising adherence or other clinical outcomes. Although initial studies show promising results, there are several potential barriers that must be considered before broad implementation, and further implementation research and economic evaluation studies are required.


Assuntos
Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Medicina do Sono/organização & administração , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
20.
Sleep Breath ; 25(1): 361-364, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557244

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the factors that sleep medicine/surgery fellowship program directors look for in applicants. METHODS: Program directors from 9 sleep medicine/surgery fellowship programs in the USA were sent an anonymous online survey. They were asked to select the five most important academic factors (of a list of 17) when evaluating potential fellowship candidates, then rank those five in order of importance. They were then asked to do the same for the most important subjective criteria (of a list of 12). RESULTS: Eight of 10 survey responses met inclusion criteria. Of the academic factors, strength of letters of recommendation, reputation of letter writer, and letters from sleep surgeons ranked highest. As for the subjective criteria, faculty assessment of the applicant on interview was ranked highest, followed by initiative and personality "fit" with the program. The reputation of an applicant's residency was ranked as more important than the reputation of their medical school. An applicant's performance in residency was assessed as more predictive of their performance in fellowship than performance during the interview process or position on the rank order list for the match. Only one program has a United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step, and a different program has an Otolaryngology Training Examination (OTE) score cutoff. CONCLUSION: Letters of recommendation and interview are the most important factors in the selection process for hybrid sleep medicine and surgery fellowship programs, followed by research and residency program reputation. Sleep surgery-specific experience is helpful.


Assuntos
Bolsas de Estudo/organização & administração , Otolaringologia/educação , Critérios de Admissão Escolar , Medicina do Sono/educação , Bolsas de Estudo/métodos , Bolsas de Estudo/normas , Humanos , Otolaringologia/organização & administração , Otolaringologia/normas , Medicina do Sono/organização & administração , Medicina do Sono/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
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