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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614333

RESUMO

Notwithstanding the great improvement of ART, the overall rate of successful pregnancies from implanted human embryos is definitely low. The current routine embryo quality assessment is performed only through morphological criteria, which has poor predictive capacity since only a minor percentage of those in the highest class give rise to successful pregnancy. Previous studies highlighted the potentiality of the analysis of metabolites in human embryo culture media, useful for the selection of embryos for implantation. In the present study, we analyzed in blind 66 human embryo culture media at 5 days after in vitro fertilization with the aim of quantifying compounds released by cell metabolism that were not present as normal constituents of the human embryo growth media, including purines, pyrimidines, nitrite, and nitrate. Only some purines were detectable (hypoxanthine and uric acid) in the majority of samples, while nitrite and nitrate were always detectable. When matching biochemical results with morphological evaluation, it was found that low grade embryos (n = 12) had significantly higher levels of all the compounds of interest. Moreover, when matching biochemical results according to successful (n = 17) or unsuccessful (n = 25) pregnancy, it was found that human embryos from the latter group released higher concentrations of hypoxanthine, uric acid, nitrite, and nitrate in the culture media. Additionally, those embryos that developed into successful pregnancies were all associated with the birth of healthy newborns. These results, although carried out on a relatively low number of samples, indicate that the analysis of the aforementioned compounds in the culture media of human embryos is a potentially useful tool for the selection of embryos for implantation, possibly leading to an increase in the overall rate of ART.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária , Óxido Nítrico , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Meios de Cultura/metabolismo , Nitratos , Nitritos , Ácido Úrico , Implantação do Embrião , Fertilização In Vitro , Metabolismo Energético , Hipoxantinas , Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária , Taxa de Gravidez
2.
Curr Microbiol ; 80(2): 63, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595115

RESUMO

Improving the biochemical status of Spirulina platensis will enhance the functional properties of this microalgae. The present study investigated the effects of adding NaHCO3 to the culture medium on the growth rate and biochemical composition, particularly the coproduction of proteins, carbohydrates, and photosynthetic pigments of S. platensis. Spirulina platensis was grown in different NaHCO3 concentrations (0-16 g L-1). NaHCO3 positively affected the biomass production. The growth of S. platensis and biochemical compound content increased with an increase in the NaHCO3 concentration. The microalgae biomass grown on NaHCO3 also contained higher amounts of protein (64.20 ± 4.18% w w-1) and photosynthetic pigments (phycocyanin and chlorophyll a, b, and total). Protein productivity was especially enhanced by approximately 6-25% (from 0.006 ± 0.0030 to 0.025 ± 0.0031 mg L-1 day-1) with the addition of NaHCO3 compared to the control. In contrast, the content of carbohydrates and antioxidant compounds (phenolic, polyphenol oxidase, and peroxidase activities) decreased with culture age and an increase in the NaHCO3 concentration. These results suggest that S. platensis uses NaHCO3 as a carbon source for photosynthesis, biomass production, and acts as a metabolic energy carrier toward the synthesis of proteins and photosynthetic pigments, which are more energy-consuming metabolites than carbohydrates. The addition of NaHCO3 to the culture media is a potentially useful strategy toward improving the protein and photosynthetic pigment productivity of S. platensis.


Assuntos
Bicarbonato de Sódio , Spirulina , Bicarbonato de Sódio/farmacologia , Bicarbonato de Sódio/metabolismo , Clorofila A/metabolismo , Clorofila A/farmacologia , Fotossíntese , Carboidratos , Meios de Cultura/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Biomassa
3.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 51, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593253

RESUMO

The bacterial nanocellulose has been used in a wide range of biomedical applications including carriers for drug delivery, blood vessels, artificial skin and wound dressing. The total of ten morphologically different bacterial strains were screened for their potential to produce bacterial nanocellulose (BNC). Among these isolates, Bacillus sp. strain SEE-3 exhibited potent ability to produce the bacterial nanocellulose. The crystallinity, particle size and morphology of the purified biosynthesized nanocellulose were characterized. The cellulose nanofibers possess a negatively charged surface of - 14.7 mV. The SEM images of the bacterial nanocellulose confirms the formation of fiber-shaped particles with diameters of 20.12‒47.36 nm. The TEM images show needle-shaped particles with diameters of 30‒40 nm and lengths of 560‒1400 nm. X-ray diffraction show that the obtained bacterial nanocellulose has crystallinity degree value of 79.58%. FTIR spectra revealed the characteristic bands of the cellulose crystalline structure. The thermogravimetric analysis revealed high thermal stability. Optimization of the bacterial nanocellulose production was achieved using Plackett-Burman and face centered central composite designs. Using the desirability function, the optimum conditions for maximum bacterial nanocellulose production was determined theoretically and verified experimentally. Maximum BNC production (20.31 g/L) by Bacillus sp. strain SEE-3 was obtained using medium volume; 100 mL/250 mL conical flask, inoculum size; 5%, v/v, citric acid; 1.5 g/L, yeast extract; 5 g/L, temperature; 37 °C, Na2HPO4; 3 g/L, an initial pH level of 5, Cantaloupe juice concentration of 81.27 percent and peptone 11.22 g/L.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Cucumis melo , Nanofibras , Bactérias/química , Celulose/química , Meios de Cultura/química
4.
BMC Microbiol ; 23(1): 11, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glutathione is an important bioactive tripeptide and is widely used in the food, medicine, and cosmetics industries. The aim of this study was to provide an efficient method for producing GSH and to explore its synthesis mechanism. Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain HBSD-W08 was screened for GSH production, and its fermentation medium was optimized using single-factor experiments of the Plackett-Burman and central composite rotatable designs. This method was used to analyze the effects of the presence and concentration of various carbon sources, organic and inorganic nitrogen sources, metal ions, and precursor amino acids on GSH production and catalase, superoxide dismutase, and γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase activity. RESULTS: The three most significant factors affecting GSH production were peptone (optimal concentration [OC]: 2.50 g L- 1), KH2PO4 (OC: 0.13 g L- 1), and glutamic acid (OC: 0.10 g L- 1). GSH productivity of HBSD-W08 was obtained at 3.70 g L- 1 in the optimized medium. The activity of γ-GCS, which is a marker for oxidative stress, was found to be highly positively correlated with GSH production. CONCLUSIONS: This finding revealed an underlying relationship between GSH synthesis and oxidative stress, providing useful information for developing effective GSH fermentation control strategies.


Assuntos
Glutationa , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Fermentação , Meios de Cultura/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo
5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(2): 2781-2791, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36601891

RESUMO

To better understand the impact of biomaterial mechanical properties and growth medium on bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation under flow, we investigated the biofilm formation ability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in different media on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) of different stiffness in real time using a microfluidic platform. P. aeruginosa colonization was recorded with optical microscopy and automated image analysis. The bacterial intracellular level of cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP), which regulates biofilm formation, was monitored using the transcription of the putative adhesin gene (cdrA) as a proxy. Contrary to the previous supposition, we revealed that PDMS material stiffness within the tested range has negligible impact on biofilm development and biofilm structures, whereas culture media not only influence the kinetics of biofilm development but also affect the biofilm morphology and structure dramatically. Interestingly, magnesium rather than previously reported calcium was identified here to play a decisive role in the formation of dense P. aeruginosa aggregates and high levels of c-di-GMP. These results demonstrate that although short-term adhesion assays bring valuable insight into bacterial and material interactions, long-term evaluations are essential to better predict overall biofilm outcome. The microfluidic system developed here presents a valuable application potential for studying biofilm development in situ. .


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Aderência Bacteriana , Meios de Cultura , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e250550, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345536

RESUMO

Abstract Vanillin is the major component which is responsible for flavor and aroma of vanilla extract and is produced by 3 ways: natural extraction from vanilla plant, chemical synthesis and from microbial transformation. Current research was aimed to study bacterial production of vanillin from native natural sources including sewage and soil from industrial areas. The main objective was vanillin bio-production by isolating bacteria from these native sources. Also to adapt methodologies to improve vanillin production by optimized fermentation media and growth conditions. 47 soil and 13 sewage samples were collected from different industrial regions of Lahore, Gujranwala, Faisalabad and Kasur. 67.7% bacterial isolates produced vanillin and 32.3% were non-producers. From these 279 producers, 4 bacterial isolates selected as significant producers were; A3, A4, A7 and A10. These isolates were identified by ribotyping as A3 Pseudomonas fluorescence (KF408302), A4 Enterococcus faecium (KT356807), A7 Alcaligenes faecalis (MW422815) and A10 Bacillus subtilis (KT962919). Vanillin producers were further tested for improved production of vanillin and were grown in different fermentation media under optimized growth conditions for enhanced production of vanillin. The fermentation media (FM) were; clove oil based, rice bran waste (residues oil) based, wheat bran based and modified isoeugenol based. In FM5, FM21, FM22, FM23, FM24, FM30, FM31, FM32, FM34, FM35, FM36, and FM37, the selected 4 bacterial strains produced significant amounts of vanillin. A10 B. subtilis produced maximum amount of vanillin. This strain produced 17.3 g/L vanillin in FM36. Cost of this fermentation medium 36 was 131.5 rupees/L. This fermentation medium was modified isoeugenol based medium with 1% of isoeugenol and 2.5 g/L soybean meal. ech gene was amplified in A3 P. fluorescence using ech specific primers. As vanillin use as flavor has increased tremendously, the bioproduction of vanillin must be focused.


Resumo A vanilina é o principal componente responsável pelo sabor e aroma do extrato de baunilha e é produzida de três formas: extração natural da planta da baunilha, síntese química e transformação microbiana. A pesquisa atual teve como objetivo estudar a produção bacteriana de vanilina a partir de fontes naturais nativas, incluindo esgoto e solo de áreas industriais. O objetivo principal era a bioprodução de vanilina por meio do isolamento de bactérias dessas fontes nativas. Também para adaptar metodologias para melhorar a produção de vanilina por meio de fermentação otimizada e condições de crescimento. Foram coletadas 47 amostras de solo e 13 de esgoto de diferentes regiões industriais de Lahore, Gujranwala, Faisalabad e Kasur; 67,7% dos isolados bacterianos produziram vanilina e 32,3% eram não produtores. Desses 279 produtores, 4 isolados bacterianos selecionados como produtores significativos foram: A3, A4, A7 e A10. Esses isolados foram identificados por ribotipagem como fluorescência A3 Pseudomonas (KF408302), A4 Enterococcus faecium (KT356807), A7 Alcaligenes faecalis (MW422815) e A10 Bacillus subtilis (KT962919). Os produtores de vanilina foram posteriormente testados para produção aprimorada de vanilina e foram cultivados em diferentes meios de fermentação sob condições de crescimento otimizadas para produção aprimorada de vanilina. Os meios de fermentação (FM) foram: à base de óleo de cravo, à base de resíduos de farelo de arroz (resíduos de óleo), à base de farelo de trigo e à base de isoeugenol modificado. Em FM5, FM21, FM22, FM23, FM24, FM30, FM31, FM32, FM34, FM35, FM36 e FM37, as 4 cepas bacterianas selecionadas produziram quantidades significativas de vanilina. A10 B. subtilis produziu quantidade máxima de vanilina. Essa cepa produziu 17,3 g / L de vanilina em FM36. O custo desse meio de fermentação 36 foi de 131,5 rúpias / L. Esse meio de fermentação foi um meio à base de isoeugenol modificado com 1% de isoeugenol e 2,5 g / L de farelo de soja. O gene ech foi amplificado em A3 P. fluorescence usando primers específicos para ech. Como o uso da vanilina como sabor aumentou tremendamente, a bioprodução da vanilina deve ser focada.


Assuntos
Benzaldeídos/metabolismo , Aromatizantes/metabolismo , Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Microbiologia Industrial , Pseudomonas fluorescens/metabolismo , Enterococcus faecium/metabolismo , Meios de Cultura , Alcaligenes faecalis/metabolismo , Fermentação
7.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246904, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345524

RESUMO

Abstract Hyperhydricity is a serious physiological disorder and affects In vitro propagation of many plants and as well of Salvia santolinifolia. The donor material to initiate the in vitro culture was the callus taken from the in vitro shoots produced on Murashig and Skoogs (MS) medium at 4.0 mg/l BA. This callus formed numerous hyperhydric shoots on culturing upon the medium of the same composition. The aim was to systematically evaluate the effect of cytokinins (Benzyladnine (BA) and N6-(-2-isopentenyl) adenine (2iP), culture vessels magnitude, medium solidification, source of nitrogen and calcium chloride for the alleviation of hyperhydricity. In the tissue cultures of S. santolinifolia BA and 2iP induced severe hyperhydricity, when other factors i.e. culture vessels magnitude and a suitable concentration of agar, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3), potassium nitrate (KNO3) & calcium chloride (CaCl2.2H2O) were not optimized. After 30 days' culture, we observed 83.82% hyperhydric shoots at increased level (1.5 mg/l 2iP) and 81.59% at decreased levels (1.0 mg/l 2iP). On the other hand, hyperhydricity percentage at decreased (0.4%) and at increased (0.8%) levels of agar were 72.37% and 39.08%, respectively. MS medium modification with NH4NO3 (412 mg/l), KNO3 (475 mg/l) and CaCl2.2H2O (880 mg/l) was found the best medium to reduced hyperhydricity (23.6%).


Resumo A hiperidricidade é um distúrbio fisiológico sério e afeta a propagação in vitro de muitas plantas e também da Salvia santolinifolia. O material doador para iniciar a cultura in vitro foi o calo retirado dos brotos in vitro produzidos em meio Murashig e Skoogs (MS) a 4,0 mg / l BA. Esse calo formou numerosos rebentos hiperídricos em cultura no meio da mesma composição. O objetivo foi avaliar sistematicamente o efeito das citocininas (Benziladnina (BA) e N6 - (- 2-isopentenil) adenina (2iP), magnitude dos vasos de cultura, solidificação do meio, fonte de nitrogênio e cloreto de cálcio para o alívio da hiperidricidade. culturas de tecidos de S. santolinifolia BA e 2iP induziram hiperidricidade severa, quando outros fatores, como magnitude dos vasos de cultura e uma concentração adequada de ágar, nitrato de amônio (NH4NO3), nitrato de potássio (KNO3) e cloreto de cálcio (CaCl2.2H2O), não foram otimizados. Após 30 dias de cultura, observamos 83,82% de brotos hiperídricos em níveis aumentados (1,5 mg / l 2iP) e 81,59% em níveis reduzidos (1,0 mg / l 2iP). Por outro lado, a porcentagem de hiperidricidade diminuiu (0,4%) e em níveis aumentados (0,8%) de ágar foram 72,37% e 39,08%, respectivamente. A modificação do meio MS com NH4NO3 (412 mg / l), KNO3 (475 mg / l) e CaCl2.2H2O (880 mg / l) foi encontrada melhor hiperidricidade média a reduzida (23,6%).


Assuntos
Salvia , Brotos de Planta , Meios de Cultura
8.
Neurosci Lett ; 796: 137017, 2023 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36529387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exosomes bind to and are endocytosed by neurons of various brain regions. Methods for isolating and extracting exosomes from specific brain samples are critical. At present, the most important extractive methods for exosomes are Ultracentrifugation and exosome isolation kit extraction. Both of these extraction methods have applications in neuroscience. We compare these methods to reveal the differences. METHODS: We sectioned the nucleus accumbens of mice, and isolated exosomes. A culture medium containing exosomes was extracted using ultracentrifugation (UC) and a total exosome isolation kit (TEI). The exosomes were examined using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), measurement regarding the diameter of the exosomes was done, and the thermal allodynia and western blotting analysis were also conducted, respectively. RESULTS: Transmission electron microscopy observations showed that the ultracentrifugation samples had higher purity and fewer impurities than the kit samples. The results from the two methods were then compared with a number ratio regarding the percentage was not statistically significant. Marker protein tests showed that proteins were expressed under both methods. The thermal allodynia testing observed that the two extraction methods did not affect pain behavior regarding the detection. After the kit extraction method, there were substantial white subjects suspended by PBS. CONCLUSION: Our study compared the different protocols regarding exosome extraction from the nucleus accumbens and compared the quality of two principal methods for exosome extraction from a culture medium containing exosomes. It was found that the extraction quality of exosomes by ultracentrifugation was better, but the technical difficulty was greater.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Camundongos , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Núcleo Accumbens/metabolismo , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Meios de Cultura
10.
Tissue Cell ; 80: 102001, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36565506

RESUMO

Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (II/R) injury is a common clinical and pathological change; however, its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Previous studies have shown that the inflammatory response induced by mast cell degranulation may be involved in the mechanism underlying II/R injury in rats. In this study, we established a human intestinal epithelial adenocarcinoma cell (Caco-2) hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model and transwell system to investigate the effects of culture media (CM) from hypoxia conditioned human mast cell (HMC-1) and HMC-1 H/R on hypoxia/reoxygenation injury in Caco-2 under H/R conditions. Moreover, we assessed the barrier function of Caco-2 by measuring the 4-kDa fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran (FD4) flux and the tight junction protein expression. The results concluded that Caco-2 exposed to H/R insult showed an increase in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, cell apoptosis index, cell permeability, Bax expression, phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) and p38, and a decrease in cell viability and expression of Bcl-2, ZO1, and occludin (all P < 0.05). Notably, preincubating Caco-2 with HMC-1CM resulted in an increase in cell injury (increased LDH levels and cell permeability, decreased cell viability), apoptosis index, p-JNK, and p-38 expression and a decrease in ZO1 and occludin expression by co-culture system (all P < 0.05). In conclusion, our results show that HMC-1 hypoxic and reoxygenated CM aggravates hypoxic and reoxygenated injury in Caco-2 by increasing the phosphorylation of JNK and p38 in vitro.


Assuntos
Mastócitos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Humanos , Ratos , Apoptose/fisiologia , Células CACO-2 , Meios de Cultura , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Mastócitos/metabolismo , Ocludina/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo
11.
Theriogenology ; 198: 69-74, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563630

RESUMO

A modified KSOM for rat embryo culture (KSOM-R), which has enriched taurine, glycine, glutamic acid, and alanine, promoted rat embryo development in vitro. Since mice and rats share similar amino acid profiles in their female reproductive tracts, this study explored whether KSOM-R would also have a positive effect on mouse embryo development and if KSOM-R modifications could extend its shelf time at 2-8 °C for consistency. We first examined the effects of newly made (≤1 month at 2-8 °C) antibiotics-free KSOM-R (mKSOM-R), antibiotics-free KSOM (mKSOM) and KSOM on the development of in vivo or in vitro derived C57BL/6NJ zygotes. We then investigated the effect of extended shelf life (6 months at 2-8 °C) of mKSOM-R and mKOSM on the development of C57BL/6NJ mouse and Sprague Dawley (SD) rat embryos. The results showed that there were no significant differences in cleavage, blastocyst, and hatching rates of C57BL/6NJ embryos among the three freshly made media. After 6 months of storage at 2-8 °C, mKSOM-R and mKSOM were still able to support the development of in vivo C57BL/6NJ zygotes at comparable rates seen with newly made (≤1 month at 2-8 °C) KSOM (control) in terms of cleavage, blastocyst formation and hatching. There were also no significant differences in total cell numbers in day 4 blastocysts among the three groups. After surgical embryo transfers, C57BL/6NJ blastocysts cultured in mKSOM-R (6 months at 2-8 °C) and newly made (≤1 month at 2-8 °C) KSOM culture developed into live pups. These pups had no gross abnormalities in animal morphology and growth. SD zygotes cultured in mKSOM-R stored at 2-8 °C for 6 months developed at comparable rates in cleavage, blastocyst and hatching rates when compared to those cultured in newly made mKSOM-R (≤1 month at 2-8 °C). The data showed that, although no significant beneficial effects were observed on mouse embryo development, mKSOM-R was able to support both mouse and rat embryo development in vitro. Additionally, mKSOM-R and mKSOM can be stored at 2-8 °C for at least 6 months without significantly compromising quality. This study suggests that it is possible to reduce the media inventory by using only mKSOM-R to culture both mouse and rat embryos, and quality media with extended shelf life can be made through modifications.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Zigoto , Gravidez , Camundongos , Ratos , Animais , Feminino , Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Blastocisto
12.
Cell Tissue Bank ; 23(4): 653-668, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545506

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells which are popular in human regenerative medicine. These cells can renew themselves and differentiate into several specialized cell types including osteoblasts, adipocytes, and chondrocytes under physiological and experimental conditions. MSCs can secret a lot of components including proteins and metabolites. These components have significant effects on their surrounding cells and also can be used to characterize them. This characterization of multipotent MSCs plays a critical role in their therapeutic potential. The metabolic profile of culture media verified by applying matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) techniques. Also, the differentiation and development of MSCs have monitored through culture media metabolome or secretome (secreted metabolites). Totally, 24 potential metabolites were identified. Between them 12 metabolites are unique to BM-MSCs and 5 metabolites are unique to AD-MSCs. Trilineage differentiation including chondrocytes, osteoblasts, and adipocytes, as well as metabolites that are being differentiated, have been shown in different weeks. In the present study, the therapeutic effects of MSCs analyzed by decoding the metabolome for MSCs secretome via metabolic profiling using MALDI-TOF-MS techniques.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Meios de Cultura/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Adipócitos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36560904

RESUMO

Rapid positive blood culture reporting allows early and appropriate treatment of severe infections to improve patient prognosis. This study evaluated performance of the VersaTREK system with gas pressure detection and tornado stirring method and the conventional BacT/ALERT 3D system. Time to positivity (TTP) of simulated blood cultures without whole blood using 17 ATCC strains was faster with VersaTREK than BacT/ALERT 3D, averaging 6.3 h in aerobic bottles and 12.7 hours in anaerobic bottles. In simulated blood cultures with whole blood using 53 clinical isolates, on average, VersaTREK was faster in aerobic bottles by 6.5 h but slower in anaerobic bottles by 3.8 h. Fifty of 53 simulated blood cultures with whole blood (94%) showed fastest TTP with VersaTREK. TTP of VersaTREK for anaerobic bacteria Bacteroides fragilis and Clostridium perfringens, Helicobacter cinaedi, and Candida glabrata was fast, and viable bacteria numbers in bottles using the Miles and Misra method increased quickly.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Hemocultura , Humanos , Hemocultura/métodos , Carga Bacteriana , Meios de Cultura , Bactérias , Bactérias Anaeróbias , Bacteriemia/diagnóstico
14.
Clin Lab ; 68(12)2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We compared four combinations of nasopharyngeal swabs and transport media for their ability to transfer and recover viruses under different storage conditions. METHODS: Each swab was immersed in culture supernatants of influenza A virus (IAV), respiratory syncytial virus, and adenovirus, placed in transport medium, and stored at -20℃, +4℃, +20 to 25℃, and +37℃ for 5 days. On each day, virus culture and real-time PCR were performed for each virus. RESULTS: All samples under different storage conditions showed positive results up to 5 days using both virus culture and real-time PCR. Real-time PCR showed that samples stored at -20℃, 4℃, and 20 - 25℃ were within two cycle thresholds (Cts) up to 5 days, but IAV at 37℃ showed that viral titer decreased after 3 days. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that these swab and transport media maintained the stability of the above viruses for 5 days at room temperature, refrigerated, and frozen storage conditions.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A , Manejo de Espécimes , Humanos , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Meios de Cultura
15.
F1000Res ; 11: 1007, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36519007

RESUMO

The respiratory tract is a compartmentalised and heterogenous environment. The nasopharynx and sinuses of the upper airways have distinct properties from the lungs and these differences may shape bacterial adaptation and evolution. Upper airway niches act as early colonisation sites for respiratory bacterial pathogens, including those, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, that can go on to establish chronic infection of the lungs in people with cystic fibrosis (CF). Despite the importance of upper airway environments in facilitating early adaptation to host environments, currently available in vitro models for study of respiratory infection in CF focus exclusively on the lungs. Furthermore, animal models, widely used to bridge the gap between in vitro systems and the clinical scenario, do not allow the upper and lower airways to be studied in isolation. We have developed a suite of culture media reproducing key features of the upper and lower airways, for the study of bacterial adaptation and evolution in different respiratory environments. For both upper and lower airway-mimicking media, we have developed formulations that reflect airway conditions in health and those that reflect the altered environment of the CF respiratory tract. Here, we describe the development and validation of these media and their use for study of genetic and phenotypic adaptations in P. aeruginosa during growth under upper or lower airway conditions in health and in CF.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Infecções por Pseudomonas , Animais , Meios de Cultura , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Pulmão
16.
Fungal Biol ; 126(11-12): 746-751, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36517142

RESUMO

The edible ectomycorrhizal (ECM) mushroom Rhizopogon roseolus usually develops basidium and basidiospores in the gleba of its basidiomata. Here, we report a novel production of basidia in laboratory cultures of the edible ECM mushroom. The basidium with sterigma was observed on the old mantle structure (> six months) of the ECM between R. roseolus and Pinus thunbergii in a modified Melin-Norkrans medium that was subjected to a temperature shock from 25 °C to 4 °C. The basidia were cylindrical to clavate, with prominent sterigmata and no basidiospores. The absence of basidiospores might indicate partial development of the basidium structure as a response to environmental stress and incomplete life cycle of R. roseolus. In addition, branched cystidia were evident in two or three clavate-to-ovoid cells. This study suggests the possibility of obtaining the primary mycelium of R. roseolus from pure cultures and may be an alternative genetic source for cultivation purposes. Further observations are required to induce basidiosporogenesis of R. roseolus basidia in an agar medium focusing on manipulation of temperature.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota , Micorrizas , Pinus , Ágar , Esporos Fúngicos , Meios de Cultura
17.
Molecules ; 27(24)2022 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36557817

RESUMO

Green waste, e.g., grass clippings, is currently insufficiently recycled and has untapped potential as a valuable resource. Our aim was to use juice from grass clippings as a growth medium for microorganisms. Herein, we demonstrate the production of the sesquiterpene α-humulene with the versatile organism Cupriavidus necator pKR-hum on a growth medium from grass clippings. The medium was compared with established media in terms of microbial growth and terpene production. C. necator pKR-hum shows a maximum growth rate of 0.43 h-1 in the grass medium and 0.50 h-1 in a lysogeny broth (LB) medium. With the grass medium, 2 mg/L of α-humulene were produced compared to 10 mg/L with the LB medium. By concentrating the grass medium and using a controlled bioreactor in combination with an optimized in situ product removal, comparable product concentrations could likely be achieved. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that juice from grass clippings has been used as a growth medium without any further additives for microbial product synthesis. This use of green waste as a material represents a new bioeconomic utilization option of waste materials and could contribute to improving the economics of grass biorefineries.


Assuntos
Cupriavidus necator , Sesquiterpenos , Poaceae , Sesquiterpenos Monocíclicos , Fermentação , Meios de Cultura
18.
Water Sci Technol ; 86(12): 3153-3162, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36579875

RESUMO

Due to costs of setting up and operating electrical stirring systems to keep algae in suspension and exposed to light, cultivation of monospecific algae is poorly expanded in developing countries. However, some algal species, such as Arthrospira platensis, are equipped with gaseous vesicles that allow them to stay afloat and increase their exposure to light. In this study, we investigated in an unstirred outdoor environment, its growth kinetic and purifying performance in a brewery effluent-based media. Batch cultures were carried out in three experimental treatments and evolution of physicochemical and growth parameters were monitored. Then its contribution to depollution was determined. Results show that optimal conditions for producing A. platensis include the culture tank transparency, the effluent dilution (i.e. 10%), and the culture media amendment with sodium bicarbonate and sodium nitrate. The average productivity recorded reached 0.55 g DW·L-1·d-1 during the exponential growth phase, while preserving culture from contamination. COD and total nitrogen concentrations were reduced to 32.5 and 64.91%. Such results open up prospects for low-cost production of certain algae, in transparent and relatively high barrels, thus breaking the classic barriers related to shallow basin depth and mechanical agitation traditionally considered as critical to the success of algal production.


Assuntos
Spirulina , Biomassa , Técnicas de Cultura Celular por Lotes , Meios de Cultura , Cinética
19.
Curr Med Sci ; 42(6): 1297-1304, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36544035

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of different culture media on early embryonic cleavage kinetics using time-lapse analysis and to determine the possible relationships between energy substrates in culture media and the cleavage kinetics. METHODS: A total of 10 021 embryos from 1310 couples were cultured in time-lapse incubators. Embryos cultured in Vitrolife media were allocated to group I, and those in COOK media to group II. Embryo cleavage time points up to the 8-cell stage (t2-t8) were observed after pronuclei fading. RESULTS: The baseline demographic features, in vitro fertilization indications, ovarian stimulation protocol, oocyte-cumulus complexes, fertilization rate, together with pregnancy and perinatal outcomes were similar (P>0.05) between groups I and II. According to the time-lapse analysis, all embryos in group I showed significantly faster cleavage speed than those in group II (P<0.05). Furthermore, there was better synchrony in division (s3) and a longer length of the third cell cycle duration (cc3) in group II. Interestingly, implanted embryos in group II showed faster cleavage speed than those in group I, especially at t4 and t7. The glucose contents and multiple major amino acids were similar between the two groups. Lactic and pyruvic acid contents were generally higher in group I than those in group II. CONCLUSION: Because different commercial culture media may influence cleavage kinetics of embryos, it is essential for embryologists to take culture media into consideration in selecting a potential embryo when using a time-lapse system before implantation.


Assuntos
Blastocisto , Implantação do Embrião , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Meios de Cultura/química , Meios de Cultura/metabolismo , Blastocisto/metabolismo , Fase de Clivagem do Zigoto , Fertilização In Vitro
20.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 1065893, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36506008

RESUMO

Culture remains the gold standard to diagnose spinal tuberculosis (STB) despite the paucibacillary nature of the disease. Current methods can take up to 42 days to yield a result, delaying the ability to rapidly detect drug resistance. Studies have demonstrated the use of supplementation with culture filtrate (CF) from an axenic culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) as a source of growth factors to improve culture rates. Our objective was to test a modified culture assay, utilizing CF supplemented media (CFSM), to improve culture positivity rates for suspected STB. Twelve patients with suspected STB were assessed by conventional culture (BACTEC™ MGIT 960), GeneXpert™ and standard histopathological examination. Spinal biopsies were taken from areas of diseased vertebral tissue or abscess, predetermined from MRI. Additional biopsies were obtained to assess CFSM for improved detection and faster culture of Mtb. All cases were diagnosed as STB and treated empirically for tuberculosis based on either bacteriological evidence (GeneXpert™, MGIT and/or CFSM positive), or based on clinical presentation. 5 specimens (45.45%) were positive for Mtb DNA as detected by GeneXpert™ and 1 specimen (8.33%) was cultured using MGIT (time to detection; 18 days). CFSM was able to culture 7 specimens (58.3%), with all CFSM positive specimens yielding a culture within 14 days. Two samples were positive only using the CFSM assay pointing to additional yield for diagnostic workup. Modification of standard culture can improve detection of Mtb and reduce time to positivity in individuals with STB where culture material is a requirement.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Cultura Axênica , Biópsia , Meios de Cultura
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