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1.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 40(11): 832-836, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510717

RESUMO

Objective: To analysis the projects funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China in the fields of occupational health (code H2602) and occupational diseases (code H2402) from 2008 to 2019, to provide a reference for the project application of scientific researchers in the field of occupational diseases in China. Methods: In October 2021, the information of all National Natural Science Foundation projects in the field of occupational health and occupational diseases from 2008 to 2019 was collected through LetPub website. It mainly analyzes the types of funded projects, the types of supporting units, the occupational disease hazard factors of the funded projects, the types of occupational injuries and representative research directions. Results: From 2008 to 2019, the National Natural Science Foundation of China funded a total of 282 projects in the field of occupational health and occupational diseases, with a total funding of 113.902 million yuan. Among them, 138 projects (48.94%) were funded, 96 (34.04%) were funded by youth science funds, and 35 projects (12.41%) were funded by regional science funds. 31 (79.93%) funded projects relied on the type of institutions of higher learning, 126 (46.84%) occupational disease hazard factors were chemical factors, and 83 (30.86%) occupational damage types were lung injury and pulmonary fibrosis. Epigenetic regulation is the most important representative research direction of the funded projects. Conclusion: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) project funding in the field of occupational health and occupational diseases in China has maintained a stable trend, but there are still problems such as incomplete funding system and late start of some research directions.


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Doenças Profissionais , Saúde do Trabalhador , Adolescente , Humanos , Fundações , Epigênese Genética , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , China
2.
Asclepio ; 74(2)dic. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-212887

RESUMO

En la primera década del siglo XX la Universidad Nacional de La Plata, fundada en 1905, creó un moderno y bien dotado Instituto de Física. En este trabajo estudiamos el impacto que esa iniciativa tuvo sobre la modernización de la enseñanza de la física a nivel medio y universitario en la Argentina. Nos concentramos en dos de los egresados más representativos del Instituto de aquellos años, Ramón G. Loyarte y Enrique Loedel Palumbo, y analizamos sus trabajos pedagógicos más importantes y la recepción pública que tuvieron. Estos trabajos son una muestra del aporte del Instituto de Física a la elevación del nivel de educación nacional en el campo de las ciencias físicas en la primera mitad del siglo XX.(AU)


In the first decade of the 20th century, the Universidad Nacional de La Plata, founded in 1905, created a modern and well-equipped Physics Institute. In this paper we study the impact that this initiative had on the modernisation of physics teaching at secondary and university level in Argentina. We focus on two of the most representative graduates of the Institute in those years, Ramón G. Loyarte and Enrique Loedel Palumbo, and analyse their most important pedagogical works and the public reception they received. These works are a sample of the contribution of the Institute of Physics to the raising of the level of national education in the field of physical sciences in the first half of the 20th century.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Física/educação , Ensino , Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais/educação , História do Século XX , História da Medicina
3.
Asclepio ; 74(2)dic. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-212901

RESUMO

Los museos de historia natural han vivido una gran transformación a lo largo de su historia, y se han consolidado hoy en día como verdaderos centros de investigación y divulgación social de la ciencia. El caso concreto del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales de Madrid no ha sido una excepción. El presente trabajo pretende analizar una época y un relato clave de este Museo: los primeros años de la posguerra española y las consecuencias que tuvo la Guerra Civil para la evolución de esta institución. Se trató de una etapa en la que el Museo tuvo que hacer frente a grandes pérdidas de material, experimentó cambios administrativos, sufrió depuraciones de personal y contó con una sensación generalizada de desinterés y descomposición. El inicio de este periodo de dificultades se alejó del ambiente modernizador que se venía fraguando durante la Edad de Plata y, en definitiva, paralizó rotundamente la actividad científica y museográfica de la institución.(AU)


Natural history museums have undergone a great transformation throughout their history, and have consolidated themselves today as true centers of research and social dissemination of science. The specific case of the National Museum of Natural Sciences in Madrid has not been an exception. This paper aims to analyze a key period and a story of this Museum, the first decade of the Spanish post-war period, and the consequences of the Civil War for the evolution of this institution. This was a period in which the Museum had to deal with large losses of material, underwent administrative changes, suffered staff purges, and a general feeling of disinterest and decay. The beginning of this difficult period moved away from the modernizing environment that was developing during the Silver Age, and ultimately halted the scientific and museography activity of the institution was stopped.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Exposições Científicas , Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , História Natural , Espanha , História da Medicina , Ciência/história
4.
Nature ; 610(7933): 643-651, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36289386

RESUMO

The risks of climate change are enormous, threatening the lives and livelihoods of millions to billions of people. The economic consequences of many of the complex risks associated with climate change cannot, however, currently be quantified. Here we argue that these unquantified, poorly understood and often deeply uncertain risks can and should be included in economic evaluations and decision-making processes. We present an overview of these unquantified risks and an ontology of them founded on the reasons behind their lack of robust evaluation. These consist of risks missing owing to delays in sharing knowledge and expertise across disciplines, spatial and temporal variations of climate impacts, feedbacks and interactions between risks, deep uncertainty in our knowledge, and currently unidentified risks. We highlight collaboration needs within and between the natural and social science communities to address these gaps. We also provide an approach for integrating assessments or speculations of these risks in a way that accounts for interdependencies, avoids double counting and makes assumptions clear. Multiple paths exist for engaging with these missing risks, with both model-based quantification and non-model-based qualitative assessments playing crucial roles. A wide range of climate impacts are understudied or challenging to quantify, and are missing from current evaluations of the climate risks to lives and livelihoods. Strong interdisciplinary collaboration and deeper engagement with uncertainty is needed to properly inform policymakers and the public about climate risks.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Modelos Climáticos , Modelos Econômicos , Medição de Risco , Humanos , Mudança Climática/economia , Mudança Climática/estatística & dados numéricos , Incerteza , Ciências Sociais , Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Formulação de Políticas
5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(6): 852-860, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785869

RESUMO

It is of great significance to analyze the configuration of programs funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China using funding data in the field of preventive medicine from 2007 to 2021. The analysis mainly focused on the funding status of the program, funding amount, funded institutions and personnel. A total of 5 349 programs in the discipline of preventive medicine were funded over the last 15 years. The funding amount in this discipline accounted for a relatively low proportion in the total funding amount of the Department of Medical Sciences and this proportion also showed a decreasing trend. Non-infectious disease epidemiology, human nutrition, and health toxicology were the top three subdisciplines of all funded programs in preventive medicine. The proportion of programs led by young scholars was gradually rising over the years, and young scholars were playing an increasingly influential role in scientific research. The funding status among each subdiscipline and institution also varied. The results of this study reflected the thriving of preventive medicine. Meanwhile, some problems and dilemmas were also revealed in its current development. Hopefully, this study could provide valuable information for institutions and preventive medicine researchers to apply for National Natural Science Foundation, and promote the long-term development of preventive medicine in the future.


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , China , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Estado Nutricional
6.
Proc Biol Sci ; 289(1976): 20220400, 2022 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703046

RESUMO

Food poisoning caused by Campylobacter (campylobacteriosis) is the most prevalent bacterial disease associated with the consumption of poultry, beef, lamb and pork meat and unpasteurized dairy products. A variety of livestock industry, food chain and public health interventions have been implemented or proposed to reduce disease prevalence, some of which entail costs for producers and retailers. This paper describes a project that set out to summarize the natural science evidence base relevant to campylobacteriosis control in as policy-neutral terms as possible. A series of evidence statements are listed and categorized according to the nature of the underlying information. The evidence summary forms the appendix to this paper and an annotated bibliography is provided in the electronic supplementary material.


Assuntos
Infecções por Campylobacter , Campylobacter , Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Animais , Infecções por Campylobacter/epidemiologia , Infecções por Campylobacter/microbiologia , Infecções por Campylobacter/veterinária , Bovinos , Humanos , Carne/microbiologia , Prevalência , Ovinos
7.
Stud Hist Philos Sci ; 94: 47-55, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35636223

RESUMO

Kant's forthright rejection of rampant, ungrounded speculations in natural science, including in natural history, is well known. For instance, he dismisses the wild, unwarranted developmental histories of other early natural historians, such as Buffon and Herder, as "daring adventure[s] of reason." However, as I show in this paper, Kant himself made use of teleological speculations in natural history, particularly in his three essays on race. I argue that, for Kant, speculations about nature's purposes are necessary to explain and to buttress the unification of organisms in real species, despite observable and heritable variations among members of these species. Without hypothesizing about nature's intentions, a mechanical, efficient-causal account of nature cannot appropriately ground the unity of species. Hence, I depict Kant's account of natural history as threading a needle between merely mechanical accounts of nature - which are incapable of achieving the goals of the science - and freewheeling, conjectural narratives about the origin and development of the Earth, life, and humanity. In the end, I conclude that my account reveals a substantive role for the faculty of reason in natural history, which dovetails with recent work on Kant's views on the non-physical sciences.


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Filosofia , História do Século XVIII , Humanos , História Natural , Agulhas , Filosofia/história , Pensamento
8.
Ber Wiss ; 45(1-2): 202-218, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510982

RESUMO

Over 75 years after their creation, the Farm Hall transcripts remain a tantalizing source from the dawn of the atomic age in 1945. Declassified in 1992, the transcripts document ten prominent German nuclear physicists, including Werner Heisenberg, Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, and Otto Hahn, contemplating the Nazi defeat, their complicity in the German war machine, and - after the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima - whether they truly intended to build a nuclear weapon for Adolf Hitler. As a written record of conversations, one might expect the transcripts to be the proverbial smoking gun that determines, once and for all, whether German physicists intended to build a nuclear weapon for the Nazi regime. Yet the Farm Hall transcripts have been used to support starkly divergent arguments. Some have used them to assert that the Germans would have willingly provided Hitler with a bomb if only they could; others view them as evidence of scientific resistance inside the Nazi regime. This article explores why the Farm Hall transcripts are not the smoking gun they appear to be.


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Academias e Institutos , Fazendas , Alemanha , História do Século XX , Humanos , Socialismo Nacional , Filosofia
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(5): 1415-1420, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343171

RESUMO

This study mainly introduced the research on Chinese medicine toxicology funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(NSFC) in 2012-2021 and analyzed the research content. Furthermore, key research topics and characteristic research projects were discussed, such as the toxicity mechanism, relationship between toxicity and efficacy, toxicity-alleviating mechanisms, and new technology and methods. The review suggested that researchers should gain an in-depth understanding of the "toxicity" of Chinese me-dicine, turned to characteristic research topics, and build a toxicological research paradigm suited to the characteristics of Chinese medicine in project application.


Assuntos
Fundações , Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
11.
Stud Hist Philos Sci ; 93: 47-56, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35320740

RESUMO

This paper distinguishes two ways in which Kant's ideas concerning the relation between teleology and biological organization have been taken up in contemporary philosophy of biology and theoretical biology. The first sees his account as the first instance of the modern understanding of teleology as a heuristic tool aimed at producing mechanistic explanations of organismal form and function. The second sees in Kant's concept of intrinsic purposiveness the seed of a radically new way of thinking about biological systems that should be developed by turning teleology into a legitimate concept of natural science. We name the two approaches heuristic and naturalistic, respectively. Our aim is to critically evaluate these approaches and suggest that the naturalistic option, which remains a minority position, deserves to be taken more seriously than it currently is in contemporary biological theory. While evolution by natural selection closes the case on intelligent design, it does not close the case on teleology in general. In fact, the current return of the organism and the recent calls for an agential perspective in evolutionary biology point out that we still have some thinking to do concerning this side of Kant's legacy.


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Filosofia , Biologia , Grupos Minoritários , Filosofia/história , Sementes
12.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0264070, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35213595

RESUMO

Under the current universal trend towards larger grant sizes in research funding systems, we focus on how large of a grant size is appropriate. We study the directional returns to scale (RTS) to assess whether current grant sizes are the most productive. We take the General Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) as an example and select three samples of physics, geography and management for an empirical study. We find that the optimal input direction and the most productive grant size scale is different for the three disciplines; based on the current grant size, physics should not expand the grant size and team size input, geography should further increase the grant size to improve performance and management should further expand the team size rather than the grant size. In this paper, we demonstrate a new method to calculate the optimal direction, which is the lowest rate of congestion, according to the characteristics of the General Program. Based on these results, we also calculate the most productive scale size. This method has certain value for project management.


Assuntos
Organização do Financiamento/economia , Fundações/economia , Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais/economia , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/economia , China
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(1): 253-258, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35178931

RESUMO

Through a retrospective analysis of the projects supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China in the past ten years in the field of Chinese medicine for the treatment of malignant tumors, this article systematically summarized the main research contents and hotspots of Chinese medicine in efficacy enhancement and toxicity reduction. The efficacy enhancement of Chinese medicine mainly included the mitigation of molecule-targeted drug resistance, multidrug resistance, and chemotherapy resistance, synergistic efficacy enhancement, and radiotherapy sensitization. The toxicity reduction is mainly reflected in the alleviation of the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In addition, Chinese medicine has advantages in reducing serious adverse reactions of malignant tumors, providing more options for the adjuvant treatment of tumors.


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Neoplasias , China , Fundações , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263185, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35108316

RESUMO

Discussions about science and engineering postdoctoral researchers focus almost exclusively on academic postdocs and their chances of eventually securing tenure-track faculty positions. Further, biological sciences dominate policy research and published advice for new PhDs regarding postdoctoral employment. Our analysis uses the Survey of Earned Doctorates and Survey of Doctorate Recipients to understand employment implications for physical sciences and engineering (PSE) and life sciences (LS) graduates who took postdoctoral positions in government, industry, and academic sectors. We examine postdoc duration, reasons for staying in a postdoc, movement between sectors, and salary implications. There is considerable movement between employment sectors within the first six years post-PhD. Additionally, postdocs in PSE are shorter, better paid, and more often in nonacademic sectors than postdocs in LS. These results can help science and engineering faculty discuss a broader range of career pathways with doctoral students and help new PhDs make better informed early career decisions.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Escolha da Profissão , Emprego , Engenharia/educação , Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais/educação , Pesquisadores/educação , Academias e Institutos/estatística & dados numéricos , Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas/educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação , Feminino , Governo , Humanos , Indústrias/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Estados Unidos
15.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 58(5): 360-370, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35078305

RESUMO

Objective: To review the application for funding of ophthalmologic projects from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and the current research progress, and to provide reference for the promotion of basic eye research in China. Methods: The NSFC application and funding information of ophthalmology-related projects from 2010 to 2021 were collected as a database for further analysis. The main categories of the analysis included the number of application and funding, the funding ratio, the research directions and the funded organizations. Results: During the 12 years, 13 267 applications were received in the field of ophthalmology, with an increase of 157.21% (1 025/652) in 2021 compared with 2010, and the number of applications for the Youth Foundation grew significantly. There were 2 221 funded projects, with an increase of 81.51% (97/119) in 2021 compared with 2010. After 2017, the number of funded projects was basically around 200 per year, with a funding rate of 16.74%(2 221/13 267). The funding amount was 1 026.9 million yuan in total, with an average of 462 400 yuan. Sun Yat-sen University (1 060 applied and 265 funded projects), Fudan University (759 applied and 186 funded projects), Shanghai Jiaotong University (820 applied and 178 funded projects), Wenzhou Medical University (625 applied and 113 funded projects) and Capital Medical University (538 applied and 95 funded projects) were the top five institutions in terms of the number of application and funding. Conclusions: From 2010 to 2021, the application number of ophthalmology projects increased rapidly, while the number of funded projects increased slowly, and the funding ratio decreased year by year. With the support of NSFC, the basic research of ophthalmology in China has made great progress. However, we still need to find and solve problems to promote the sustainable advance of ophthalmology. (This article was published ahead of print on the official website of Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology on January 21, 2022).


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Oftalmologia , Adolescente , China , Análise de Dados , Fundações , Humanos
16.
Curr Med Sci ; 42(2): 453-461, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35089494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study explains the application number and funding rate of oncology projects undertaken by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), with focus on tumor radiotherapy-related research over the past 11 years. METHODS: A stratified analysis was carried out on the application and funding status of tumor radiotherapy studies in different NSFC project categories, different research areas, and different tumor types. Research areas that required specific focus, such as immunology-related radiotherapy, multimodality imaging and radiomics, and post-radiotherapy organ injury, were separately analyzed. RESULTS: The status and development trends of various related research fields were studied, and the research results were presented with the support of the NSFC, in order to provide reference for future applications and funding allocations. CONCLUSION: The number of applications for funding increases every year. Although the total number of funded projects has also increased every year, the funding rate has decreased year by year. Projects on radiotherapy and immunization have been at the forefront in recent years, and the funding rate for these projects increases yearly.


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Neoplasias , China , Fundações , Humanos , Neoplasias/radioterapia
17.
Elife ; 102021 12 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951588

RESUMO

Disagreement is essential to scientific progress but the extent of disagreement in science, its evolution over time, and the fields in which it happens remain poorly understood. Here we report the development of an approach based on cue phrases that can identify instances of disagreement in scientific articles. These instances are sentences in an article that cite other articles. Applying this approach to a collection of more than four million English-language articles published between 2000 and 2015 period, we determine the level of disagreement in five broad fields within the scientific literature (biomedical and health sciences; life and earth sciences; mathematics and computer science; physical sciences and engineering; and social sciences and humanities) and 817 meso-level fields. Overall, the level of disagreement is highest in the social sciences and humanities, and lowest in mathematics and computer science. However, there is considerable heterogeneity across the meso-level fields, revealing the importance of local disciplinary cultures and the epistemic characteristics of disagreement. Analysis at the level of individual articles reveals notable episodes of disagreement in science, and illustrates how methodological artifacts can confound analyses of scientific texts.


Assuntos
Relações Interprofissionais , Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Ciências Sociais , Bibliometria , Processamento de Linguagem Natural , Publicações
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(48)2021 11 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810255

RESUMO

Societal stereotypes depict girls as less interested than boys in computer science and engineering. We demonstrate the existence of these stereotypes among children and adolescents from first to 12th grade and their potential negative consequences for girls' subsequent participation in these fields. Studies 1 and 2 (n = 2,277; one preregistered) reveal that children as young as age six (first grade) and adolescents across multiple racial/ethnic and gender intersections (Black, Latinx, Asian, and White girls and boys) endorse stereotypes that girls are less interested than boys in computer science and engineering. The more that individual girls endorse gender-interest stereotypes favoring boys in computer science and engineering, the lower their own interest and sense of belonging in these fields. These gender-interest stereotypes are endorsed even more strongly than gender stereotypes about computer science and engineering abilities. Studies 3 and 4 (n = 172; both preregistered) experimentally demonstrate that 8- to 9-y-old girls are significantly less interested in an activity marked with a gender stereotype ("girls are less interested in this activity than boys") compared to an activity with no such stereotype ("girls and boys are equally interested in this activity"). Taken together, both ecologically valid real-world studies (Studies 1 and 2) and controlled preregistered laboratory experiments (Studies 3 and 4) reveal that stereotypes that girls are less interested than boys in computer science and engineering emerge early and may contribute to gender disparities.


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais/educação , Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais/tendências , Sexismo/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Computadores , Escolaridade , Engenharia/tendências , Feminino , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Masculino , Matemática , Homens/psicologia , Sexismo/tendências , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estereotipagem , Mulheres/psicologia
19.
Front Public Health ; 9: 729162, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712637

RESUMO

Background: Through collection and sorting of rare disease projects funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, an understanding was gained of the categories of projects funded by the foundation in the field of rare diseases, types of diseases, categories of disease systems, regional distribution, distribution of supporting institutions, and their dynamic changes, followed by an analysis of focuses and influences of relevant state policies. This will help improve the rare disease-relating policies of the state in supporting the key fields, thus promoting healthy and sustainable development in the field of rare diseases. Method: Through the website of inquiry of projects funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, a retrieval was made concerning the projects funded by the foundation in the field of rare diseases during the period from 1986 to 2019, followed by descriptive analysis of fund input of rare disease projects, number of projects, temporal and regional distribution, and the analysis of the law of their dynamic changes. Result: As of the end of 2019, there were 57 rare diseases and 678 related projects funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, with accumulated total funding of ¥ 253,525,000. Among the categories of projects, the most-funded projects were general (¥ 150,145,000, 59.22%), followed by Youth Foundation projects (¥ 53,719,000, 21.19%) and key projects (¥ 15,870,000, 6.26%); among the categories of disease systems, the most funded disease system was the nervous system (¥ 93,186,000, 37.76%), followed by the respiratory system (¥ 35,444,000, 13.98%); the most funded diseases were multiple sclerosis (¥ 34,870,000, 13.75%), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (¥ 29,854,000, 11.78%), and retinitis pigmentosa (¥ 27,005,000, 10.65%); the most funded regions were East China (¥ 106,987,000, 42.20%) and North China (¥ 71,844,000, 28.34%), while the least funded region was Northwest China (¥ 7,295,000, 2.88%); among the supporting institutions, the most funded institutions were Peking University (¥ 24,720,000, 9.75%), and Sun Yat-sen University (¥ 14,505,000, 5.72%). Conclusion: With the promulgation of more policies on encouragement of innovation and accelerated approval procedures, etc., the National Natural Science Foundation of China has been increasing its funding to rare diseases, covering increasingly more categories of funded projects, more types of diseases, and wider regions. Nonetheless, the support for scientific research in China is still relatively weak. Therefore, it is proposed that the healthy and sustainable development in the course of rare diseases should be promoted through the improvement of relevant rare disease policies, encouragement of R&D of medicine for rare diseases, the establishment of special funds for rare diseases, acceleration of fund circulation, and combination of balanced development and preferential funding to key regions and major diseases.


Assuntos
Administração Financeira , Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Políticas , Doenças Raras/epidemiologia
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