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1.
Neurosurg Focus ; 52(6): E3, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921180

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To increase access to health interventions and healthcare services for patients in resource-constrained settings, strategies such as telemedicine must be implemented for the allocation of medical resources across geographic boundaries. Telecollaboration is the dominant form of surgical telemedicine. In this study, the authors report and evaluate a novel mobile internet-based mixed-reality interactive telecollaboration (MIMIT) system as a new paradigm for telemedicine and validate its clinical feasibility. METHODS: The application of this system was demonstrated for long-distance, real-time collaboration of neuroendoscopic procedures. The system consists of a local video processing workstation, a head-mounted mixed-reality display device, and a mobile remote device, connected over mobile internet (4G or 5G), allowing global point-to-point communication. Using this system, 20 cases of neuroendoscopic surgery were performed and evaluated. The system setup, composite video latency, technical feasibility, clinical implementation, and future potential business model were analyzed and evaluated. RESULTS: The MIMIT system allows two surgeons to perform complex visual and verbal communication during the operation. The average video delay time is 184.25 msec (range 160-230 msec) with 4G mobile internet, and 23.25 msec (range 20-26 msec) with 5G mobile internet. Excellent image resolution enabled remote neurosurgeons to visualize all critical anatomical structures intraoperatively. Remote instructors could easily make marks on the surgical view; then the composite image, as well as the audio conversation, was transferred to the local surgeon. In this way, a real-time, long-distance collaboration can occur. This system was used for 20 neuroendoscopic surgeries in various cities in China and even across countries (Boston, Massachusetts, to Jingzhou, China). Its simplicity and practicality have been recognized by both parties, and there were no technically related complications recorded. CONCLUSIONS: The MIMIT system allows for real-time, long-distance telecollaborative neuroendoscopic procedures and surgical training through a commercially available and inexpensive system. It enables remote experts to implement real-time, long-distance intraoperative interaction to guide inexperienced local surgeons, thus integrating the best medical resources and possibly promoting both diagnosis and treatment. Moreover, it can popularize and improve neurosurgical endoscopy technology in more hospitals to benefit more patients, as well as more neurosurgeons.


Assuntos
Neuroendoscopia , Telemedicina , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Internet , Neurocirurgiões
3.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 219: 107295, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35751962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Discrimination between patients most likely to benefit from endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and those at higher risk of failure is challenging. Compared to other standard models, we have tried to develop a prognostic multi-layer perceptron model based on potentially high-impact new variables for predicting the ETV success score (ETVSS). METHODS: Clinical and radiological data of 128 patients have been collected, and ETV outcomes were evaluated. The success of ETV was defined as remission of symptoms and not requiring VPS for six months after surgery. Several clinical and radiological features have been used to construct the model. Then the Binary Gravitational Search algorithm was applied to extract the best set of features. Finally, two models were created based on these features, multi-layer perceptron, and logistic regression. RESULTS: Eight variables have been selected (age, callosal angle, bifrontal angle, bicaudate index, subdural hygroma, temporal horn width, third ventricle width, frontal horn width). The neural network model was constructed upon the selected features. The result was AUC:0.913 and accuracy:0.859. Then the BGSA algorithm removed half of the features, and the remaining (Age, Temporal horn width, Bifrontal angle, Frontal horn width) were applied to construct models. The ANN could reach an accuracy of 0.84, AUC:0.858 and Positive Predictive Value (PPV): 0.92, which was higher than the logistic regression model (accuracy:0.80, AUC: 0.819, PPV: 0.89). CONCLUSION: The research findings have shown that the MLP model is more effective than the classic logistic regression tools in predicting ETV success rate. In this model, two newly added features, the width of the lateral ventricle's temporal horn and the lateral ventricle's frontal horn, yield a relatively high inter-observer reliability.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia , Terceiro Ventrículo , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/diagnóstico , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Lactente , Redes Neurais de Computação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terceiro Ventrículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Terceiro Ventrículo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ventriculostomia
4.
Neurocirugía (Soc. Luso-Esp. Neurocir.) ; 33(3): 111-119, Mayo - Jun. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-204442

RESUMO

Objetivos: La indicación de ventriculostomía endoscópica de tercer ventrículo (VET) en el tratamiento de la hidrocefalia no comunicante está extensamente aceptada. Existe controversia respecto a la indicación de un segundo procedimiento (re-VET) cuando el primero ha fallado. El objetivo de este trabajo es recoger los fallos de VET en una serie propia en los que se realizó re-VET y describir los factores relacionados con su pronóstico.MétodoEstudio retrospectivo de pacientes pediátricos con fallo de VET tratados mediante una re-VET entre 2003 y 2018. Se registró género, edad en primera y segunda VET, tiempo hasta fallo de primera VET, etiología de hidrocefalia, presencia previa de DVP, ETV-SS en primera y segunda VET, hallazgos intraoperatorios, éxito del segundo procedimiento y seguimiento. El resultado de ETV-SS se agrupó en puntuación alta (≥80), moderada (50-70) o baja (≤40). Se consideró fallo de procedimiento endoscópico el deterioro clínico o la ausencia de criterios radiológicos de mejoría (reducción de tamaño ventricular o presencia de artefacto de flujo de VET en área premamilar).ResultadosDe 97 VET realizadas en este periodo, se registraron 47 fallos, llevándose a cabo 13 re-VET. De ellas, 8 fueron clasificadas como éxito (61,53%). La re-VET fue exitosa en 4/4 casos cuya etiología fue tumoración tectal o estenosis de acueducto. En el grupo de alta puntuación ETV-SS hubo mayor porcentaje de éxito (75%) que en el grupo de moderada puntuación (40%). Nueve pacientes presentaban DVP previa a la primera VET y en ellos, el éxito fue del 66,6% frente al 50% en el grupo sin DVP previa. Todas las re-VET se llevaron a cabo sin complicaciones. En 11 de los 13 procedimientos se encontró una membrana premamilar cerrada y en los 2 casos restantes una apertura puntiforme. El seguimiento medio tras re-VET fue de 61,23 meses.ConclusiónLa re-VET es un procedimiento seguro y con una tasa de éxito del 61,5% en nuestra serie...(AU)


Objetives: Indication for endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in the treatment for noncommunicating hydrocephalus is widely accepted. There is controversy regarding the indication of a second procedure (re-ETV) when the first has failed. The objective of this work is to revise ETV failures in a series in which re-ETV was performed and to describe the factors related to its prognosis.MethodRetrospective study of pediatric patients with ETV failure treated by re-ETV between 2003 and 2018. Gender, age in first and second ETV, time to failure of first ETV, etiology of hydrocephalus, previous presence of shunt, ETV-SS in the first and second ETV, intraoperative findings, success of the second procedure and follow-up were collected. The ETV-SS result was grouped into high (≥80), moderate (50-70) or low (≤40) scores. Endoscopic procedure failure was considered clinical worsening or the absence of radiological criteria for improvement (reduction in ventricular size or presence of ETV flow artifact in the floor of third ventricle).ResultsOf 97 ETV carried out in this period, 47 failures were registered, with 13 re-ETV performed. Of these, 8 were classified as successful (61.53%). Re-ETV was successful in 4/4 cases in which etiology was tectal tumor or aqueduct stenosis. In the group with a high ETV-SS score there was a higher rate of success (75%) than in the group with a moderate score (40%). 9 patients presented shunt prior to first ETV and in them, success was 66.6% compared to 50% in the group without prior shunt. All re-ETV were performed without complications. In 11 of the 13 procedures a closed stoma was found and the remaining 2 cases, we found a punctate opening. The mean follow-up after re-ETV was 61.23 months.ConclusionThe selection of patients for re-VET should be cautious. Factors such as age, etiology, and previous shunt (ETV-SS factors) have prognostic influence. However... (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Reoperação , Terceiro Ventrículo/cirurgia , Ventriculostomia/métodos , Hidrocefalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hidrocefalia/etiologia , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terceiro Ventrículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Neurosurg Rev ; 45(4): 2823-2836, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499666

RESUMO

Targeted surgical precision and minimally invasive techniques are of utmost importance for resectioning cavernous malformations involving the brainstem region. Minimisation of the surgical corridor is desirable but should not compromise the extent of resection. This study provides detailed information on the role of endoscopy in this challenging surgical task. A retrospective analysis of medical documentation, radiologic studies and detailed intraoperative video documentation was performed for all consecutive patients who underwent surgical resection of brainstem cavernous malformations between 2010 and 2020 at the authors' institution. A case-based volumetry of the corticotomy was performed and compared to cavernoma dimensions. A total of 20 procedures have been performed in 19 patients. Neuroendoscopy was implemented in all cases. The mean size of the lesion was 5.4 (± 5) mm3. The average size of the brainstem corticotomy was 4.5 × 3.7 (± 1.0 × 1.1) mm, with a median relation to the cavernoma's dimension of 9.99% (1.2-31.39%). Endoscopic 360° inspection of the resection cavity was feasible in all cases. There were no endoscopy-related complications. Mean follow-up was 27.8 (12-89) months. Gross-total resection was achieved in all but one case (95%). Sixteen procedures (80%) resulted in an improved or stable medical condition. Eleven patients (61.1%) showed further improvement 12 months after the initial surgery. With the experience provided, endoscopic techniques can be safely implemented in surgery for BSCM. A combination of neuroendoscopic visualisation and neuronavigation might enable a targeted size of brainstem corticotomy. Endoscopy can currently be considered a valuable additive tool to facilitate the preparation and resection of BSCM.


Assuntos
Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central , Neuroendoscopia , Tronco Encefálico/cirurgia , Endoscópios , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/cirurgia , Humanos , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Neurosurg Rev ; 45(4): 1-13, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35597836

RESUMO

Intrinsic third ventricular craniopharyngiomas (IVCs) are usually considered as a contraindication of endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA). The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of EEA for the resection of IVCs based on MRI topographical diagnosis and surgical findings. We reviewed the data of 22 patients who were diagnosed to be IVCs according to five MRI criteria and underwent surgery through EEA. Sixteen IVCs were resected using endoscopic endonasal infrachiasmatic corridor, five IVCs by using endoscopic endonasal suprachiasmatic trans-lamina terminalis corridor, and one IVC by using both the infrachiasmatic and suprachiasmatic corridors. During the operation, all the 22 cases were verified to be IVCs. Gross total resection was achieved in 21 (95.5%) patients. After surgery, visual improvement was observed in 14 (63.6%) patients, no change in 6 (27.3%) patients, and some deterioration in 2 (9.1%) patients. An improvement in intellectual ability was observed in nine (40.9%) patients, no change in twelve (54.5%) patients, and some deterioration in one (4.5%) patient. Fifteen of the 22 patients (68.2%) developed new endocrinological deficit. One postoperative cerebral spinal fluid leakage occurred. EEA can be used as a safe and efficacious approach for the radical resection of IVCs. The combination of the five MRI criteria may serve as an accurate preoperative diagnostic tool to define the topographical relationships between craniopharyngiomas and the third ventricle. The endoscopic transnasal view from below has the advantage of clarifying the relationship between tumors and the third ventricle floor.


Assuntos
Craniofaringioma , Neuroendoscopia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Terceiro Ventrículo , Adulto , Craniofaringioma/patologia , Craniofaringioma/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terceiro Ventrículo/patologia , Terceiro Ventrículo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Neurocirugia (Astur : Engl Ed) ; 33(3): 111-119, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526943

RESUMO

OBJETIVES: Indication for endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) in the treatment for noncommunicating hydrocephalus is widely accepted. There is controversy regarding the indication of a second procedure (re-ETV) when the first has failed. The objective of this work is to revise ETV failures in a series in which re-ETV was performed and to describe the factors related to its prognosis. METHOD: Retrospective study of pediatric patients with ETV failure treated by re-ETV between 2003 and 2018. Gender, age in first and second ETV, time to failure of first ETV, etiology of hydrocephalus, previous presence of shunt, ETV-SS in the first and second ETV, intraoperative findings, success of the second procedure and follow-up were collected. The ETV-SS result was grouped into high (≥ 80), moderate (50-70) or low (≤ 40) scores. Endoscopic procedure failure was considered clinical worsening or the absence of radiological criteria for improvement (reduction in ventricular size or presence of ETV flow artifact in the floor of third ventricle). RESULTS: Of 97 ETV carried out in this period, 47 failures were registered, with 13 re-ETV performed. Of these, 8 were classified as successful (61.53%). Re-ETV was successful in 4/4 cases in which etiology was tectal tumor or aqueduct stenosis. In the group with a high ETV-SS score there was a higher rate of success (75%) than in the group with a moderate score (40%). 9 patients presented shunt prior to first ETV and in them, success was 66.6% compared to 50% in the group without prior shunt. All re-ETV were performed without complications. In 11 of the 13 procedures a closed stoma was found and the remaining 2 cases, we found a punctate opening. The mean follow-up after re-ETV was 61.23 months. CONCLUSION: The selection of patients for re-VET should be cautious. Factors such as age, etiology, and previous shunt (ETV-SS factors) have prognostic influence. However, there are specific factors which indicate favorable prognostic for re-VET such as a longer time to failure of the first procedure, the finding of a closed/punctate stoma or the loss of flow artifact in the follow-up MRI.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia , Terceiro Ventrículo , Criança , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hidrocefalia/etiologia , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Neuroendoscopia/efeitos adversos , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Reoperação/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terceiro Ventrículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Terceiro Ventrículo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ventriculostomia/efeitos adversos , Ventriculostomia/métodos
8.
Neurol India ; 70(2): 664-669, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35532636

RESUMO

Background: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is a procedure that involves devising an opening in the third ventricle floor, allowing cerebrospinal fluid to flow into the prepontine cistern and the subarachnoid space. Third ventricular floor bowing (TVFB) serves as an indicator of intraventricular obstruction in hydrocephalus and existence of pressure gradient across third ventricular floor, which is the prerequisite of a successful ETV. Objective: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to synthesize the latest evidence on the TVFB as a marker for surgical success in patients undergoing ETV. Material and Methods: We performed a comprehensive search on topics that assesses the association of TVFB with the surgical success in patients undergoing ETV from several electronic databases. Results: There was a total of 568 subjects from six studies. TVFB was associated with 85% (81-88%) ETV success. TVFB was associated with OR 4.13 [2.59, 6.60], P < 0.001; I2: 6% for ETV success. Subgroup analysis on pediatric patients showed 86% (82-91%) success rate. In terms of value for ETV success compared to ETV Success Score (ETVSS), a high ETVSS does not significantly differ (P = 0.31) from TVFB and TVFB was associated with OR 3.14 [1.72, 5.73], P < 0.001; I2: 69% compared to intermediate/moderate ETVSS. Funnel plot analysis showed an asymmetrical funnel plot due to the presence of an outlier. Upon sensitivity analysis by removing the outlier, the OR was 3.62 [2.22, 5.89], P < 0.001; I2: 0% for successful surgery in TVFB. Conclusions: TVFB was associated with an increased rate of successful surgery in adults and children undergoing ETV.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia , Terceiro Ventrículo , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Lactente , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terceiro Ventrículo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ventriculostomia/métodos
9.
J Clin Neurosci ; 101: 193-197, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35609413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic port surgery is a promising alternative for the surgical treatment of intracerebral hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage (HBGH). The precise location of hematoma is a crucial step for surgery. The authors developed a simple, low-cost navigation method using an Android smartphone for the localization of HBGH. METHODS: All patients' CT DICOM data were processed with an open-source software (3D Slicer). The volume of hematoma, angle, and length of trajectory were calculated automatically. A smartphone running the Android system and the Compass APP was used to help insert the inner introducer. An endoscopic port system was applied to create a working channel for neuro-endoscopic hematoma evacuation. RESULTS: There were 27 patients enrolled in this study (mean age 56). All patients underwent successful surgical evacuation of HBGH with neuroendoscopic evacuation. The mean time taken for the surgical plan was 4 min. The total operation time from skin incision to final suture was 82.6 min. Compared with standard neuronavigation, mean error of trajectory was 5.1 mm. The mean preoperative hematoma volume was 44.8 ml. The optimal trajectory angle averaged 39.5°and the length was 71 mm. Intraoperative blood loss was about 45 ml. Post-operative hematoma volume was 2.9 ml, and the average evacuation rate was 93.6%. One week after surgery, the mean GCS score was improved from 8.2 to 13.8 (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This simple, low-cost navigation method using 3D Slicer, an Android smartphone with the Compass APP, helps precisely insert the endoscopic working channel to the desired point, which is crucial for satisfactory evacuation of HBGH.


Assuntos
Hemorragia dos Gânglios da Base , Hipertensão , Neuroendoscopia , Hemorragia dos Gânglios da Base/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia dos Gânglios da Base/cirurgia , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Hematoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipertensão/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Smartphone , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Neurosurg Rev ; 45(4): 2701-2708, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381930

RESUMO

To summarize and analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of neuroendoscopic surgery (NES) in the treatment of patients for severe thalamic hemorrhage with ventricle encroachment (THVE). Eighty-three patients with severe THVE were treated in the Neurosurgery Department of Anqing Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University from July 2019 to August 2021. Our study was approved by the ethics committee. The patients were randomly divided into NES group and extraventricular drainage (EVD) group. The hospital stay, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) scores on the 1st and 14th days postoperatively, the incidence of intracranial infections, and the clearance of postoperative hematomas were compared and analyzed between the two groups. The patients had follow-up evaluations 6 months postoperatively. The prognosis was evaluated based on the activity of daily living (ADL) score. A head CT or MRI was obtained to determine whether there was hydrocephalus, cerebral infarction, or other related complications. Eighty-three patients were randomly divided into 41 cases of NES group and 42 cases of EVD group. The length of postoperative hospital stay was 17.42 ± 1.53 days, the GCS scores were 6.56 ± 0.21, and 10.83 ± 0.36 on days 1 and 14, respectively; intracranial infections occurred in 3 patients (7.31%) and the hematoma clearance rate was 83.6 ± 5.18% in the NES group, all of which were significantly better than the EVD group (P < 0.05). After 6 months of follow-up, 28 patients (68.29%) had a good prognosis, 5 patients (12.19%) died, and 4 patients (9.75%) had hydrocephalus in the NES group. In the EVD group, the prognosis was good in 15 patients (35.71%), 12 patients (28.57%) died, and 17 patients (40.47%) had hydrocephalus. The prognosis, mortality rate, and incidence of hydrocephalus in the NES group were significantly better than the EVD group (P < 0.05). Compared to traditional EVD, NES for severe THVE had a higher hematoma clearance rate, and fewer intracranial infections and patients with hydrocephalus, which together improve the clinical prognosis and is thus recommended for clinical use.


Assuntos
Hemorragia/cirurgia , Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia/normas , Doenças Talâmicas/cirurgia , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Drenagem , Hematoma/complicações , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/etiologia , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
World Neurosurg ; 164: e134-e142, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central nervous system tumors encompass the leading cause of cancer-related death in the pediatric population. Neuroendoscopic techniques have been optimized over the years, becoming an important tool for the management of brain tumors. Our study aims to review the indications for neuroendoscopic procedures and the feasibility of combined interventions. METHODS: This is a single-center, self-adjudicated, retrospective experience. Inclusion criteria consisted of pediatric patients (≤18 years old) who underwent management of brain tumor or related diseases with the employment of neuroendoscopy. RESULTS: A total of 47 patients undergoing 51 procedures met inclusion criteria. The mean age was 9.8 ± 4.6 years, and the majority were female (55.3%). Common indications for endoscopic intervention were hydrocephalus management (n = 24; 16 endoscopic third ventriculostomies and 9 septostomies), tumor biopsy (n = 19), cyst fenestration (n = 16), and tumor resection (n = 9). In one third of the cases, combined interventions occurred during a single operative session. Hydrocephalus was successfully managed in 74.4% of cases; tumor biopsy confirmed the diagnosis in 95.8% of cases, and gross total resection was achieved in 88.9% of cases. Cyst fenestration required reintervention in 3 cases: one case associated with initial cyst enlargement and 2 cases with the development of new tumor cysts separated from the originally fenestrated cyst. The overall complication rate was 6.3%, with only one major safety event, which was successfully managed. CONCLUSIONS: Neuroendoscopy is an important minimally invasive tool for diagnosing and treating pediatric patients with brain tumors, permitting to address multiple problems in a single surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Cistos , Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio , Adolescente , Encéfalo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cistos/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/etiologia , Hidrocefalia/patologia , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Masculino , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ventriculostomia/métodos
13.
No Shinkei Geka ; 50(2): 288-297, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400647

RESUMO

Minimally invasive endoscopes with excellent deep observation capabilities are effective means for surgery for intraventricular lesions. The ventricles have a complex three-dimensionally structure, and important structures around the ventricles may causes symptoms even with slight damage. Therefore, familiarity with the ventricular anatomy and protective manipulations are important. During endoscopic observations in actual surgery, the ventricular wall is entirely covered with the ependymal tissue, limiting the visibility of landmarks. Furthermore, when distorted by the tumor, the anatomical orientation may be lost, and identifying the lesion can be difficult. In this chapter, we describe the ventricular anatomy under endoscopic observation using actual photographs and illustrations based on anatomical landmarks, in order to safely perform intraventricular surgery.


Assuntos
Neuroendoscopia , Ventrículos Cerebrais/cirurgia , Endoscópios , Humanos
14.
No Shinkei Geka ; 50(2): 366-375, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400654

RESUMO

Endoscopic third ventriculostomy(ETV)is a basic procedure for the surgical treatment of hydrocephalus. It buffers pulsatile pressure by creating an alternative route for the flow of cerebrospinal fluid and reduces trans-mantle pulsatile stress, thereby increasing compliance of the brain parenchyma. Blunt perforation of the third ventricular floor is done while avoiding injury to the foramen of Monro, the hypothalamus, the pituitary stalk, and some cisternal vessels. A major complication of ETV is arterial bleeding caused by injury to the basilar artery. Surgeons should wait with irrigation and opening the root into the ventricle to control the intra-ventricular pressure until packing the third ventricle with hematoma. Since ETV may close by gliosis or scarring of the inter-peduncular cistern, regular physical examinations and MRI should follow the procedure.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia , Terceiro Ventrículo , Encéfalo/cirurgia , Ventrículos Cerebrais/cirurgia , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Terceiro Ventrículo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ventriculostomia/métodos
15.
No Shinkei Geka ; 50(2): 376-386, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400655

RESUMO

Since hydrocephalus is usually an exacerbating disease, we need to arrest the hydrocephalus by surgical treatments such as ventricular access devices, V-P shunts, and endoscopic third ventriculostomy(ETV)with or without choroid plexus cauterization. For a long time, V-P shunt has been the GOLD standard treatment for pediatric hydrocephalus. In recent years, although there are more and more reports on the usefulness of ETV ± CPC, its results are not completely superior to V-P shunt, and therefore, V-P shunt is expected to remain the gold standard treatment for pediatric hydrocephalus in the near future. Therefore, overcoming complications, such as shunt dysfunction and shunt infection, will continue to be important in V-P shunt. A recent clinical trial has shown that antibiotic-impregnated catheters are effective in preventing shunt infections, which is why the incidence of shunt infection is expected to decrease in the future. For pediatric hydrocephalus, it is important to establish and maintain a regular follow-up system, because shunt malfunction may occur even in the chronic postoperative period.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia , Terceiro Ventrículo , Criança , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/etiologia , Lactente , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terceiro Ventrículo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ventriculostomia/métodos
16.
No Shinkei Geka ; 50(2): 393-410, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400657

RESUMO

The purpose of treatment hydrocephalus is to maintain intracranial pressure, as well as to create a favorable psychomotor developmental environment, particularly in pediatric cases. Various complications associated with shunt surgery require long-term care. When a shunt is performed for neonates and infants with hydrocephalus, proper management is required thereafter during whole their life. The most common complication that can occur as a result of shunt surgery is obstruction of the ventricular catheter. Ventricular catheter obstruction can be avoided by placing that the tip of the catheter is placed in an appropriate position. A further measure would include preventing the ventricular catheter from being pulled out as the skull expands. The next common complication is obstruction of the peritoneal catheter. The risk of occlusion can be reduced by making that the tip of the peritoneal catheter is open-ended as opposed to having side slits. Isolated ventricles and slit ventricle syndrome are peculiar shunt-related conditions that are difficult to treat. When shunt dysfunction occurs, hydrocephalus can progress slowly, but in many cases the patient's condition deteriorates rapidly and requires immediate medical intervention. Recently, neuroendoscopic surgery has been actively performed for cases of shunt dysfunction and prophylactic replacement of peritoneal catheters, and attempts have been made to remove the shunt device. Shunt infection is another troublesome complication in the management of hydrocephalus and has not yet been resolved. However, if all staff involved in shunt surgery have a common understanding and adopt fixed protocols related to preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative management, the incidence of infection can be significantly reduced. Furthermore, the development of new and improved catheters may also contribute to a reduction in shunt infection. Neurosurgeons should be cognizant that a delay in the diagnosis and treatment of shunt-related complications in patients with hydrocephalus could result in death. Shunt surgery for the treatment of pediatric hydrocephalus is merely the beginning, as neurosurgeons must be responsible for management until the child reaches adulthood.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia , Adulto , Ventrículos Cerebrais/cirurgia , Criança , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/etiologia , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Pressão Intracraniana , Derivação Ventriculoperitoneal/efeitos adversos
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(13): 965-968, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385970

RESUMO

A total of 49 patients with cerebellopontine angle cholesteatoma from the Department of Neurosurgery, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University between January 2013 and January 2021 were recruited. All patients were evaluated by MRI scan before surgery and tumor resection was performed under microscope via retrosigmoid sinus approach. Then residual tumor was searched with 0°and 30°neuroendoscopy, and tumor resection was performed.Residual tumors were foundand resectedin 38 cases under theneuroendoscopy after routine microsurgery.Total and subtotalresections were performed in 44 cases and 5 cases, respectively. Complications included aseptic meningitis (n=8), cerebrospinal fluid leakage (n=1) and intracranial hematoma (n=2). Follow-up[42±3(6-72)months] was available in all patients. During follow-up, 45 cases (91.8%) had a Kar-nofsky Performance Status (KPS)score ≥80.Neuroendoscopy-assisted microsurgery for cerebellopontine angle cholesteatomas helps enhance the total resection rate and decrease the operative risk.


Assuntos
Colesteatoma , Neoplasias , Neuroendoscopia , Ângulo Cerebelopontino/cirurgia , Colesteatoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Microcirurgia , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 164(7): 1929-1938, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Classically, the transtuberculum and transplanum approaches have been utilized to reach the suprachiasmatic and infrachiasmatic corridors. The aim of this study was to provide a better understanding of the key endoscopic endonasal anatomy of the suprachiasmatic and infrachiasmatic corridors provided through selective removal of the prechiasmatic sulcus (SRPS). METHOD: A SRPS was performed in 16 sides of 8 alcohol-fixed head specimens. Twenty anatomical measurements were collected on the suprachiasmatic and infrachiasmatic corridors. The transplanum and transtuberculum approaches were also performed. RESULTS: In the suprachiasmatic corridor, the SRPS exposed the anterior communicating artery (AComm) and the post-communicating segment of the anterior cerebral arteries in all the cases, while the pre-communicating segment of the anterior cerebral arteries, recurrent arteries of Heubner, and fronto-orbital arteries were visualized in 75% (12/16), 31% (5/16), and 69% (11/16) of cases, respectively. In the infrachiasmatic corridor, the ophthalmic segment of the internal carotid artery and superior hypophyseal arteries were always visible through the SRPS. The mean width and height of the prechiasmatic sulcus were 13.2 mm and 9.6 mm, respectively. The mean distances from the midpoint of the AComm to the anterior margin of the optic chiasm (OCh) was 5.3 mm. The mean width of the infrachiasmatic corridor was 12.3 mm at the level of the proximal margin of the ophthalmic segment of the internal carotid artery. The mean distances from the posterior superior limit of the pituitary stalk to the basilar tip and oculomotor nerve were 9.7 mm and 12.3 mm, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The SRPS provides access to the main neurovascular and cisternal surgical landmarks of the suprachiasmatic and infrachiasmatic corridors. This anatomical area constitutes the key part of the approach to the suprasellar area. To afford adequate surgical maneuverability, the transplanum or transtuberculum approaches are usually a necessary extension.


Assuntos
Neuroendoscopia , Artéria Cerebral Anterior/anatomia & histologia , Cadáver , Endoscopia , Humanos , Nariz , Quiasma Óptico/anatomia & histologia , Quiasma Óptico/cirurgia , Hipófise/anatomia & histologia
19.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 38(7): 1281-1287, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411438

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) presenting with acute hydrocephalus represent a true neurosurgical and neurooncological challenge. Two main strategies are currently used: microsurgical removal of the tumor, restoring CSF pathways, and endoscopic biopsy associated with ventriculo-peritoneal shunt implantation. Since the availability of an ultrasonic aspirator handpiece, that can be used inside the working channel of a neuroendoscope, a different less invasive surgical strategy can be used. METHODS: Four pediatric patients were treated by endoscopic ultrasonic aspiration, in order to remove the upper pole of the tumor, obtaining tissue for diagnosis and restoring CSF pathways as initial treatment of OPG invading the third ventricle and causing hydrocephalus due to simultaneous blockage of both Monro foramina and of the Sylvian aqueduct. Surgical technique is described. Pre-operative and post-operative volumes were calculated on magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: In all cases, the surgical procedure was uneventful, the biopsy was diagnostic, and CSF pathways were restored. The amount of tumor removed ranged between 31 and 76%. All patients underwent oncological treatment of their tumors. One patient received V-P shunt only 1 year after endoscopic decompression due to tumor progression. CONCLUSION: Our preliminary results show that the use of endoscopic cavitron aspirator is safe and effective to obtain CSF flow restoration and tumor biopsy (for histological and molecular purposes), avoiding CSF shunt implant in the acute phase and offering the chance to obtain a consistent tumor debulking in a minimally invasive fashion. Neuroendoscopic approach together with modern target therapy offers the opportunity to avoid or delay major surgery.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia , Glioma do Nervo Óptico , Transtornos Respiratórios , Criança , Descompressão Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Glioma do Nervo Óptico/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassom , Ventriculostomia/métodos
20.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 38(7): 1313-1319, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35438316

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although the endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is an effective treatment for hydrocephalus, failures do on occasion occur. In such cases, a repeat ETV or shunt insertion is usually performed. However, there is, as of yet, no clear consensus on the best measure to take in the event of a failed ETV. We herein examined the outcomes of a repeat ETV combined with choroid plexus cauterization for ETV failure. METHODS: All patients who underwent an ETV at the Department of Neurosurgery at Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center between April 2013 and March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 36 patients received an ETV. Six patients experienced ETV failure; three of these underwent a repeat ETV combined with choroid plexus cauterization. Three of the six patients who experienced early ETV failure received a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. During the median follow-up period of 42 months (range: 32-73 months), all repeat ETVs were successful. CONCLUSION: A repeat ETV combined with choroid plexus cauterization can be an effective salvage therapy in the event of ETV failure.


Assuntos
Hidrocefalia , Neuroendoscopia , Terceiro Ventrículo , Cauterização , Criança , Plexo Corióideo/cirurgia , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação , Terceiro Ventrículo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Ventriculostomia
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