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1.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 17(1): 301, 2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35906604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SPG11-linked hereditary spastic paraplegia is characterized by multisystem neurodegeneration leading to a complex clinical and yet incurable phenotype of progressive spasticity and weakness. Severe cognitive symptoms are present in the majority of SPG11 patients, but a systematic and multidimensional analysis of the neuropsychological phenotype in a larger cohort is lacking. While thinning of the corpus callosum is a well-known structural hallmark observed in SPG11 patients, the neuroanatomical pattern of cortical degeneration is less understood. We here aimed to integrate neuropsychological and brain morphometric measures in SPG11. METHODS: We examined the neuropsychological profile in 16 SPG11 patients using a defined neuropsychological testing battery. Long-term follow up testing was performed in 7 patients. Cortical and subcortical degeneration was analyzed using an approved, artificial intelligence based magnetic resonance imaging brain morphometry, comparing patients to established reference values and to matched controls. RESULTS: In SPG11 patients, verbal fluency and memory as well as frontal-executive functions were severely impaired. Later disease stages were associated with a global pattern of impairments. Interestingly, reaction times correlated significantly with disease progression. Brain morphometry showed a significant reduction of cortical and subcortical parenchymal volume following a rostro-caudal gradient in SPG11. Whereas performance in memory tasks correlated with white matter damage, verbal fluency measures showed strong associations with frontal and parietal cortical volumes. CONCLUSIONS: The present data will help define neuropsychological and imaging read out parameters in early as well as in advanced clinical stages for future interventional trials in SPG11.


Assuntos
Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Mutação , Neuropsicologia , Proteínas/genética , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária/diagnóstico por imagem , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária/genética , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária/patologia
2.
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol ; 44(1): 31-41, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35670549

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to compare performance on a wide range of PVTs in a neuropsychology clinic sample of African Americans and White Americans to determine if there are differences in mean scores or cut-off failure rates between the two groups, and to identify factors that may account for false positive PVT results in African American patients. METHOD: African American and White American non-compensation-seeking neuropsychology clinic patients were compared on a wide range of standalone and embedded PVTs: Dot Counting Test, b Test, Warrington Recognition Memory Test, Rey 15-item plus recognition, Rey Word Recognition Test, Digit Span (ACSS, RDS, 3-digit time, 4-digit time), WAIS-III Picture Completion (Most discrepant index), WAIS-III Digit Symbol/Coding (recognition equation), Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Rey Complex figure, WMS-III Logical Memory, Comalli Stroop Test, Trails A, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. RESULTS: When groups were equated for age and education, African Americans obtained mean performances significantly worse than White Americans on only four of 25 PVT scores across the 14 different measures (Stroop Word Reading and Color Naming, Trails A, Digit Span 3-digit time); however, FSIQ was also significantly higher in White American patients. When subjects with borderline IQ (FSIQ = 70 to 79) were excluded (resulting in 74 White Americans and 25 African Americans), groups no longer differed in IQ and only continued to differ on a single PVT cutoff (Trails A). Further, specificity rates in African Americans were comparable to those of White Americans with the exception of the b Test, the Dot Counting Test, and Stroop B. CONCLUSIONS: PVT performance generally does not differ as a function of Black versus White race once the impact of intellectual level is controlled, and most PVT cutoffs appear appropriate for use in African Americans of low average IQ or higher.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Neuropsicologia , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Teste de Stroop , Brancos
3.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 364-372, May-June 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375640

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Among the various pathologies that affect the elderly, Heart Failure (HF) stands out. Recently, an attempt has been made to verify the existence of cognitive impairment associated with HF. Objectives: To compare the cognitive performance of elderly people with heart failure with that of age-matched individuals without this pathology. Check the existence of marked impairment in some cognitive functions in the clinical group. Methods: The sample consisted of 78 elderly people, whose inclusion criterion was the presence of HF and no HF (control group); age over 60 years, both sexes, and any level of education. The control group consisted of 37 individuals (with a median age of 68 years - Interquartile range of 12) and the HF group, with 41 individuals (with a median age of 67 years - Interquartile range of 11). The subjects were matched in terms of education level, with a predominance of elderly people with 0 to 4 years of education (65.9% in the Clinical Group and 59.5% in the Control Group). Eleven neuropsychological tests covering cognitive functions were used: attention, language, memory, mood, and executive function. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software, version 23, with a significance level of 5%. The Chi-square test and the Mann-Whitney test were applied. Results: The results showed significant differences between the groups, mainly in executive functions, which include the ability to plan, switch, and recall previously stored information. Conclusion: Our study showed differences between the cognitive performance of elderly people with HF and elderly people without HF. The main alteration was found in the so-called executive functions, attention, and memory.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atenção , Envelhecimento , Função Executiva , Disfunção Cognitiva , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Memória , Ansiedade , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Neuropsicologia
4.
Rehabil Psychol ; 67(3): 251-261, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35446092

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Survey psychology postdoctoral training programs involving patients with disability receiving rehabilitation services, and compare with similar data from 2007. RESEARCH METHOD/DESIGN: Public data sources identified 297 potential postdoctoral training programs. Of these, 100 programs (34%) provided services for patients with disability in rehabilitation settings, and 92% returned a survey (n = 92). RESULTS: Programs reported having a primary rehabilitation involvement (42%), a secondary involvement (26%), or an optional involvement (23%). Programs were based in university settings (27%), VA/DoD settings (35%), or private/public health care settings (38%). A total of 433 faculty and 308 residents were involved in these programs. Fifty percent (50%) of programs had faculty with American Board of Rehabilitation Psychology (ABRP) certification, while 62% of programs had faculty with American Board of Clinical Neuropsychology (ABCN) certification. On average, programs formally taught 58% of the ABRP competencies. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to 2007, there has been a 200% increase in the number of training programs with rehabilitation involvement. However, there has been an overall decrease in the variety of populations with which residents work, and an overall decrease in the number of ABRP competencies that are formally taught, so that training has become more focused on specific populations and specific competencies to the exclusion of others. Many rehabilitation patients and teams receive services from psychologists whose professional concentration is not primarily in rehabilitation psychology, and many psychology residents involved with rehabilitation populations do not receive comprehensive training in rehabilitation psychology. There is an opportunity for rehabilitation psychologists to collaborate with these programs to enhance competent services to persons with disability. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Neuropsicologia , Certificação , Currículo , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Humanos , Neuropsicologia/educação , Psicologia/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
5.
S Afr Med J ; 112(3): 209-213, 2022 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35380522

RESUMO

This article highlights ethical issues that may arise in the relationship between curatorship applications and neuropsychology. In South Africa (SA), curatorship applications for the elderly diagnosed with dementia require substantiation from two medical professionals, one of whom should be a practising psychiatrist deemed competent to provide this. Concurrently, there is often a request for a psychologist to conduct a neuropsychological assessment and to produce a relevant report. The process may result in ethical issues at various stages of the assessment. The balance between protecting the patient's rights v. freedom of autonomy becomes a central issue. Psychiatrists and psychologists are cautioned to adhere to best practices throughout the assessment, maintaining a critical and reflective stance. The limitations of cognitive assessment as a predictor of functionality should be considered. Furthermore, neuropsychological training in SA differs across institutions, resulting in variable practitioner competency. 'Competency' itself is an ambiguous legal term that may be interpreted variably. This article outlines the definitions and requirements of the curatorship process, as well as the role and limitations of neuropsychology, with emphasis on the ethical dilemmas that may arise.


Assuntos
Neuropsicologia , Idoso , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Neuropsicologia/educação , Neuropsicologia/métodos , África do Sul
8.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 38(1): 23-38, ene.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374128

RESUMO

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: El trauma craneoencefálico (TCE) es una de las principales causas de daño cerebral y discapacidad en personas menores de 40 años. Según su severidad, se puede clasificar en leve, moderado o grave, en función de la escala de coma de Glasgow. Muchos pacientes quedan con secuelas neuropsicológicas y comportamentales que pueden afectar en mayor o menor grado su funcionalidad. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar las diferencias en el perfil neuropsicológico, las características clínicas y el compromiso funcional en pacientes con TCE según la clasificación de la severidad. METODOLOGÍA: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, de corte transversal. Se revisaron las historias clínicas y los reportes neuropsicológicos de adultos con TCE evaluados por neuropsicología entre los años 2014 y 2019. Se compararon los resultados de pruebas neuropsicológicas, síndromes neuropsicológicos y funcionalidad según la severidad del TCE. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 48 pacientes, 38 de ellos hombres (73 %), con una mediana de edad de 35 años (RI: 25-51). En 14 casos el TCE fue leve, en 18 moderado y en 16 severo. El síndrome neuropsicológico más frente fue el amnésico (100 %), seguido del disejecutivo (79 %) y el compromiso en la atención (77 %). No se encontraron diferencias según severidad del TCE. Cuarenta y un pacientes (85 %) presentaron cambios comportamentales, 14 (29 %) experimentaron alteración en las actividades básicas de la vida diaria y 32 (68 %) en las actividades instrumentales. CONCLUSIONES: Las alteraciones neuropsicológicas, comportamentales y funcionales posteriores a un TCE son frecuentes, sin embargo, no se encontraron diferencias significativas según severidad del trauma.


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is one of the main causes of brain damage and disability in people under 40 years of age. The severity of TBI can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on the Glasgow coma scale. Many patients are left with neuropsychological and behavioral sequelae that can affect functionality to a greater or lesser degree. The objective of the study was to determine the differences in the neuropsychological profile, clinical characteristics and functional impairment in patients with TBI according to severity. METHODOLOGY: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was carried out. The clinical records and neuropsychological reports of adults with TBI evaluated between 2014 and 2019 were reviewed. The results of neuropsychological tests, neuropsychological syndromes, and functionality according to severity of TBI were compared. RESULTS: 48 patients were studied, 35 were males (73 %), the median age was 35 years (IR: 25-51). In 14 TBI was mild, in 18 moderate and 16 severe. The most common neuropsychological syndrome was amnesic (100 %) followed by dysexecutive (79 %) and attentional commitment (77 %). No differences were found according to severity of TBI. 41 patients (85 %) presented behavioral changes, 14 (29 %) presented alteration in basic activities of daily life and 32 (68 %) in instrumental activities. CONCLUSIONS: Neuropsychological, behavioral and functional alterations are frequent after TBI; however, no significant differences were found according to the severity of the trauma.


Assuntos
Cognição , Colômbia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Neuropsicologia
11.
Arch Clin Neuropsychol ; 37(4): 839-848, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35136901

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The African Neuropsychology Battery (ANB) includes eight culturally appropriate cognitive tests developed for use in the Congo and other sub-Saharan African populations. The current study examines the reliability of the ANB in three samples of participants of African descent. METHODS: Subjects were recruited in the United States and the Congo to participate in three studies of ANB internal consistency reliability (Study 1), test-retest reliability (Study 2), and interrater reliability for the two ANB measures (i.e., Visuospatial Memory and Proverb Tests) requiring examiner ratings of response adequacy (Study 3). Subjects were administered ANB tests of visuospatial perception, language, memory, abstract reasoning, and problem solving. We calculated Cronbach's alpha, corrected item-total correlations and mean inter-item correlations for internal consistency, Pearson product-moment correlations and intraclass correlation coefficients for test-retest reliability, and intraclass correlation coefficients for interrater reliability. RESULTS: The ANB tests had acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alphas ranging from .37 to .93). Across subtests, test-retest reliability coefficients ranged from .39 to .91, and intraclass correlation stability coefficients (ICCs) ranged from .39 to .82. Of the two ANB tests requiring interrater reliability, only the Proverb Test had a low ICC of .13, (confidence intervals: -.29 to .52). CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that most ANB tests show adequate reliability in participants of African descent. However, the scoring criteria of the African Proverb Test require revision in order to improve the interrater reliability of the measure.


Assuntos
Idioma , Neuropsicologia , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Percepção , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Br J Haematol ; 197(3): 260-270, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35118643

RESUMO

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited blood disorder that is associated with developmental delays and neurocognitive deficits. This review details key findings related to neurocognitive outcomes for children and adults with emphasis on the impact of neurological correlates and disease severity. Associations between neurocognition, demographic factors and social determinants of health are also reviewed. Emerging literature has reported on the neurocognitive impact of SCD in children and adolescents in Africa and Europe, including children from immigrant communities. Neurocognitive deficits are linked to poor functional outcomes, including transition from paediatric to adult care, medication adherence and unemployment. Integrating neuropsychology into multidisciplinary care for individuals with SCD can assist with identification and management of neurocognitive concerns, intervention development, individualized care plan development and continued multidisciplinary research.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme , Transição para Assistência do Adulto , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia Falciforme/tratamento farmacológico , Anemia Falciforme/terapia , Criança , Cognição , Humanos , Neuropsicologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
13.
Arch Clin Neuropsychol ; 37(4): 814-825, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35060601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Strict competency frameworks exist for training in, and provision of, clinical neuropsychological assessment practice. However, as in all disciplines, daily clinical practice may drift from the gold standard practice without routine monitoring and audit. A simple-to-use, but thorough and evidence-based audit tool has been developed to facilitate the tracking, maintenance, and discussion of best practice over time. METHOD: A literature search and liaison with experienced neuropsychology colleagues did not unearth any pre-existing audit standards. Therefore, 39 new standards were generated, which were guided by best practice literature and clinical neuropsychology colleague discussions, to form the proposed self-assessment audit tool. Due to the diverse nature of services, both core and supplementary standards are proposed to enable the audit to be tailored to suit individual services' needs. RESULTS: During its development, the tool has so far been trialed in two U.K. National Health Service clinical services in different localities, on three occasions, with a total patient population of N = 78 in order to refine the standards and to generate practice recommendations. CONCLUSIONS: This audit tool is presented for services to self-assess their neuropsychological assessment practice. The authors plan to take this work forward with the British Psychological Society's Division of Neuropsychology as a policy document for self-assessment and peer review. Other potential developments include contributing to clinical neuropsychology training tools and refining audit standards for use more widely, such as in pediatric services, or internationally with diverse populations.


Assuntos
Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Medicina Estatal , Criança , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Neuropsicologia
14.
Neuropsychology ; 36(1): 1-3, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35025560

RESUMO

Two major forces have begun to have a significant impact on psychological science and its scientists. One is the call for transparency and openness, and the other is the call for equity, diversity, and inclusiveness. These two movements are not unrelated, because science cannot be truly open and transparent unless it is also diverse and inclusive. In this Editorial, the author shares recent and upcoming initiatives to foster a more open and diverse science specifically in Neuropsychology. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Neuropsicologia , Humanos
15.
Clin Neuropsychol ; 36(4): 790-805, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35068358

RESUMO

Objectives: In response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, neuropsychologists rapidly adopted teleneuropsychology (TeleNP) services to ensure continued clinical care. Prior to COVID-19, TeleNP was not widely used nor was it included in the majority of traditional practice or training models across graduate, internship, and postdoctoral programs. Out of necessity, the pandemic was a catalyst that promoted greater adoption of TeleNP services. In response, neuropsychological guidelines for modified assessments were developed and further empirical studies have been published. Numerous surveys in response to service delivery changes during COVID-19 now exist, but what follows is a commentary based on neuropsychologists' experiences with adapting clinical practice to TeleNP. Methods: Co-authors represent settings across academic medical centers, Veterans Affairs hospitals, and private practices that serve multiculturally diverse pediatric, adult, and geriatric populations in the United States. Results: The perspectives within this commentary aim to highlight the growth of TeleNP and highlight lessons learned from implementation across practice settings. Conclusions: Our goal is to help foster the development of further empirical studies through candid discussion of various TeleNP experiences and approaches. Through this reflective process, TeleNP presents both opportunities and challenges but it ultimately has potential to reduce healthcare disparities and enhance patient care.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Telemedicina , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Neuropsicologia , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
17.
Child Neuropsychol ; 28(5): 671-688, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35073818

RESUMO

Learning disorders are common neurodevelopmental conditions, occurring both idiopathically and in the context of other medical conditions. They are frequently comorbid with other neurodevelopmental and psychiatric conditions. Delayed identification and treatment have been associated with significant negative psychosocial consequences. The need for pediatric neuropsychologists to efficiently screen for learning disorders is likely to increase in the months and years following the COVID-19 pandemic, which has severely disrupted access to educational services, especially for children who also face racial and economic disparities. In this paper, we describe a consultation model that can be used to screen for learning disorders and can be completed using both in-person and telemedicine visits. Implementation may result in earlier intervention for struggling children, increase access to neuropsychological services without increasing wait times for comprehensive evaluations, and provide opportunities for collaborations with other health professionals (e.g., pediatricians, therapists, psychiatrists, and neurologists).


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Deficiências da Aprendizagem , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Deficiências da Aprendizagem/diagnóstico , Neuropsicologia , Pandemias , Encaminhamento e Consulta
18.
Clin Neuropsychol ; 36(3): 523-545, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35043752

RESUMO

To provide education regarding the critical importance of test security for neuropsychological and psychological tests, and to establish recommendations for best practices for maintaining test security in forensic, clinical, teaching, and research settings. Previous test security guidelines were not adequately specified. METHOD: Neuropsychologists practicing in a broad range of settings collaborated to develop detailed and specific guidance regarding test security to best ensure continued viability of neuropsychological and psychological tests. Implications of failing to maintain test security for both the practice of neuropsychology and for society at large were identified. Types of test data that can be safely disclosed to nonpsychologists are described.Specific procedures can be followed that will minimize risk of invalidating future use of neuropsychological and psychological measures.Clinical neuropsychologists must commit to protecting sensitive neuropsychological and psychological test information from exposure to nonpsychologists, and now have specific recommendations that will guide that endeavor.


Assuntos
Academias e Institutos , Neuropsicologia , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Estados Unidos
19.
Neurología (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 37(1): 38-44, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-204461

RESUMO

Objetivo: Los síntomas de un ictus minor o un ataque isquémico transitorio (AIT) son leves y de corta duración. A pesar de la naturaleza pasajera de los síntomas focales y la ausencia de lesiones cerebrales visibles en algunos pacientes, muchos experimentan problemas cognitivos persistentes posteriormente. Nuestro objetivo es establecer el poder discriminativo del Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA, «Evaluación Cognitiva de Montreal») en la detección del deterioro cognitivo (DC) dentro de los 90 días posteriores al AIT. Método: Se incluyeron un total de 50 pacientes con ictus minor y AIT. Se les aplicó la prueba MoCA y una batería neuropsicológica formal. El DC se definió clínicamente según los hallazgos de las pruebas neuropsicológicas. Resultados: La edad promedio de los pacientes seleccionados fue de 57,7 ± 8,0 años, siendo la mayoría de ellos varones (70,0%). Todos los pacientes tenían un nivel educativo igual o superior al primario. Treinta y siete (74,0%) sujetos presentaron DC. Mediante el análisis de la curva característica del receptor se obtuvo un punto de corte del test MoCA de 25 puntos para discriminar entre sujetos con y sin DC, siendo el área bajo la curva de 0,835 (intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC 95%] 0,720 a 0,949), la sensibilidad, del 78,4% (IC 95% 62,8-88,6%), la especificidad, del 76,9% (IC 95% 49,7-91,8%), el valor predictivo positivo, del 90,6% (IC 95% 81,0-95,6%) y el negativo, del 55,6% (IC 95% 39,5-70,4%). Conclusiones: Más de la mitad de la muestra presentaba DC según lo determinado por la batería formal de pruebas neuropsicológicas. Un punto de corte de 25 en el MoCA es lo suficientemente sensible y específico para detectar DC tras un ictus minor o AIT y podría implementarse en la práctica clínica como método de cribado. (AU)


Objective: The symptoms of minor stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) are temporary and mild. Despite the transient nature of the focal symptoms and the absence of visible brain lesions in some patients, many experience persistent cognitive problems subsequently. We aimed to establish the discriminant capacity of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in screening for cognitive impairment (CI) within 90 days of TIA. Method: A total of 50 patients with minor stroke or TIA were recruited. Patients were administered the MoCA test and a formal neuropsychological test battery. CI was defined clinically according to neuropsychological test findings. Results: The average age of recruited patients was 57.7 ± 8.0 years; 70.0% were men; all patients had completed at least primary education. Thirty-seven patients (74.0%) presented CI. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis obtained an optimal MoCA cut-off point of 25 for discriminating between patients with CI and those without, with an area under the curve of 0.835 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.720-0.949), sensitivity of 78.4% (95% CI 62.8-88.6%), specificity of 76.9% (95% CI 49.7-91.8%), positive predictive value of 90.6% (95% CI 81.0-95.6%), and negative predictive value of 55.6% (95% CI 39.5-70.4%). Conclusions: More than half of the patients presented CI as determined by the formal battery of neuropsychological tests. A MoCA cut-off point of 25 is sufficiently sensitive and specific for detecting CI after minor stroke or TIA, and may be implemented as a screening technique in routine clinical practice. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/diagnóstico , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Envelhecimento , Neuropsicologia
20.
Neurología (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 37(1): 45-52, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-204462

RESUMO

Objetivos: Proporcionar valores normativos del Fototest relativos a pacientes neurológicos sin deterioro cognitivo, que incluyan datos desagregados para cada uno de los dominios que conforman este instrumento (denominación, recuerdo libre, recuerdo total y fluidez de nombres). Material y métodos: Estudio transversal en pacientes neurológicos sin deterioro cognitivo a los que se aplicó el Fototest, registrándose las puntuaciones desagregadas y total. Estudio descriptivo de los resultados totales y desagregados del Fototest estratificados por sexo, edad (< 65/> 65 años) y estudios (< primaria/primaria/> primaria). Resultados: Muestra de 1.055 sujetos con predominio de mujeres (57,1%), mayores de 65 años (60,6%) y con bajo nivel educativo (36,8% sin estudios primarios). La puntuación total del Fototest (34,6 ± 5,3; 28; 27 [media ± DE; P10; P5]), así como las desagregadas para denominación (5,9 ± 0,3; 6; 5), recuerdo libre (8,5 ± 2,2; 6; 4), recuerdo total (10,0 ± 1,5; 8; 7) y fluidez de nombres (18,7 ± 4,9; 13; 12), están influidas por el sexo, la edad y el nivel educativo. Para la puntuación total, los resultados del estudio multivariante son: sexo (mujer) 1,5 ± 0,3 (ß ± EE), edad (> 65 años) −2,4 ± 0,3, estudios < primaria −1,6 ± 0,4 y estudios > primaria 3,3 ± 0,4 (primaria = referencia estudios). Conclusión: Se proporcionan valores normativos (media ± DE, P10; P5) del Fototest para cada uno de los estratos definidos por las variables sexo, edad y estudios tanto para las puntuaciones totales como desagregadas del Fototest, así como una distribución percentual para cada uno de los valores posibles de estas puntuaciones. Estos valores normativos es de esperar que se traduzcan en una mayor eficiencia del Fototest en el ámbito clínico. (AU)


Objectives: To contribute normative data for the Fototest from neurological patients with no cognitive impairment, including disaggregated data on each domain of the test (naming, free recall, total recall, and naming fluency). Material and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study in which neurological patients with no cognitive impairment were tested with the Fototest; we recorded total and domain scores. We performed a descriptive study of the total and domain scores, with data disaggregated by sex, age (over/under 65 years), and level of education (primary education completed/not completed; further study completed). Results: We included a sample of 1,055 patients, who were mainly women (57.1%), aged over 65 (60.6%), and had a low level of education (38.6% had not completed primary education). Sex, age, and level of education influence total Fototest score (34.6 ± 5.3; P10: 28; P5: 27) and naming (5,9±0,3; 6; 5), free recall (8.5 ± 2.2; 6; 4), total recall (10.0 ± 1.5; 8; 7), and naming fluency scores (18.7 ± 4.9; 13; 12). For total score, the multivariate analysis revealed values of 1.5 ± 0.3 (ß ± SE) for sex (female), −2.4 ± 0.3 for age (> 65), and −1.6 ± 0.4 and 3.3 ± 0.4 for incomplete primary education and completed post-primary education, respectively (completed primary study was used as a reference). Conclusion: We provide normative data for total and domain Fototest results for each of the groups defined according to sex, age, and level of education. We also provide a percentile distribution of scores. We hope that these normative data will translate into increases in efficiency in Fototest administration in the clinical setting. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Envelhecimento Cognitivo , Envelhecimento , Estudos Transversais , Neuropsicologia
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