Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.522
Filtrar
1.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 8072824, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35647180

RESUMO

Awareness of the psychological issues of different groups of society can help in the management of sports programs and thus improve their athletic performance. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the big five personality traits and the sports performance of disabled athletes in team sports. Three hundred and seventy-six team athletes participated in the study. Subjects completed a questionnaire of five major personality factors, and based on the information available on the provincial boards and the Veterans and Disabled Federation, the positions obtained by each athlete were considered as a criterion for sports performance. There was a significant relationship between the flexibility factor for men and women (r = 0.123, p = 0.017), neuroticism (r = 0.114, p = 0.027), adaptation (r = 0.171, p = 0.001), extraversion (r = 0.157, p = 0.002), duty orientation (r = 0.104, p = 0.045), and sports performance at a national level. There was a significant relationship between neuroticism (r = 0.142, p = 0.006), adaptation (r = 0.133, p = 0.010), extraversion (r = 0.163, p = 0.002), and duty orientation (r = 0.130, p = 0.011) with sports performance at a provincial level. There was a significant relationship between neuroticism (r = 0.156, p = 0.002), extraversion (r = 0.168, p = 0.001), duty orientation (r = 0.182, p = 0.001), and sports performance at international level. Disabled athletes seem to have above-average performance scores in most personality factors, which can improve their physical health and increase their success in sports.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Personalidade , Atletas/psicologia , Extroversão Psicológica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroticismo
2.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e059704, 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35697443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The current study examines the mediating roles of resilience and self-efficacy and the moderating role of gender in the association between neuroticism and psychological distress in Chinese freshman nursing students (FNSs). METHODS: A total of 1220 FNSs were enrolled from the Be Resilient to Nursing Career (ChiCTR2000038693) Programme and the following instruments were administered to them: NEO Five-Factor Inventory, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and Kessler Psychological Distress Scale. A moderated mediation analysis and a generalised additive model analysis were performed. RESULTS: The direct and indirect effects of neuroticism on psychological distress were significantly mediated by self-efficacy (B = 0.200, 95% CI 0.001 to 0.039), resilience (B = 0.021, 95% CI 0.007 to 0.038) and the interaction between self-efficacy and resilience (B = 0.016, 95% CI 0.005 to 0.028). The interactions between neuroticism and gender (ß = 0.102, 95% CI 0.001 to 0.203, p<0.05) and between resilience and gender were significant (ß = 0.160, 95% CI 0.045 to 0.275, p<0.01). A non-linear and positive association was confirmed between neuroticism and psychological distress. CONCLUSIONS: Self-efficacy and resilience significantly mediate the relationship between neuroticism and psychological distress. Gender moderates the relationships between neuroticism and resilience and between resilience and psychological distress.


Assuntos
Angústia Psicológica , Resiliência Psicológica , Estudantes de Enfermagem , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Autoeficácia
3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 616, 2022 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35761242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) using the path analysis models. METHODS: This study was carried out on 350 office employees with good general health. All variables were collected using a questionnaire. Personality traits and mental workload of employees were evaluated using the NEO Personality Inventory and the NASA-task load index software, respectively. The individual and personality traits were used as predictor variables, and mental workload (MWL) and body posture scores as mediating variables of the musculoskeletal discomforts. The role of predictor and mediating variables on discomforts was explained based on the path analysis models. RESULTS: The impact coefficient of MWL and posture on WMSDs was significant. The coefficient of the direct effect of body mass index (BMI) and gender on musculoskeletal disorders was significant and positive and the women have reported a higher rate of discomforts. The strongest positive impact of personality traits on MWL and posture was conscientiousness, followed by neuroticism and agreeableness. In return, the strongest negative impact was extroversion, followed by openness. The strongest positive impact of individual factors on MWL and posture was BMI, followed by work experience. CONCLUSION: Gender, BMI, neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness can be strong predictors for musculoskeletal discomforts which can mediate the impact of body posture and mental workload (mediating factors) on musculoskeletal discomfort. Therefore, personality and individual traits can be strong alarming and indicators for risk identification and preventing musculoskeletal disorders when choosing people for a job or task.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Neuroticismo , Personalidade , Inventário de Personalidade , Medição de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 227: 103613, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569205

RESUMO

Psychological impacts of Vitiligo have been demonstrated, and associations of the skin disease with anxiety and depression disorders have already been shown. However, it is still unclear the role of individuals' personality factors, such as neuroticism, stress, and rumination, as well as sociodemographic characteristics of people with Vitiligo in such disorders. We conducted a study in a community sample of individuals with Vitiligo (N = 324) aiming to test the hypothesis that neuroticism, stress, and rumination are subjacent to these individuals' anxiety and depression symptomatology. We also explored whether individuals' gender might favor the onset or worsening of the psychological consequences of such disorders. Results showed that the relationship between neuroticism, anxiety and depression was mediated by stress and rumination (brooding), being this effect moderated by the participants' gender. Specifically, women's reflection and stress seemed to be important mechanisms to predict their anxiety and depression symptoms, whereas brooding predicts such disorders' symptomatology in men with Vitiligo. These findings may guide future research and clinical interventions for this population, for which it is necessary to consider the psychological consequences of the disease and not just its physiological aspects.


Assuntos
Vitiligo , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroticismo
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35565028

RESUMO

Background: Antenatal depression is a severe public health problem. Many studies support the concept that neuroticism, social support, and sleep quality are closely related to antenatal depression. However, there is little evidence concerning the influencing pathways of these variables on antenatal depression. The aim of this study is to investigate the pathways from neuroticism, social support, and sleep quality to antenatal depression during the third trimester of pregnancy. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used. A total of 773 eligible women in the third trimester of pregnancy submitted valid questionnaires from June 2016 to April 2017. Instruments with good reliability and validity were used to measure neuroticism, social support, sleep quality, and antenatal depression. Structural equation modeling was used to explore the pathways from neuroticism, social support, and sleep quality to antenatal depression during the third trimester of pregnancy. Results: Antenatal depression is shown to be positively correlated with neuroticism and negatively correlated with social support and sleep quality. Neuroticism is shown to have a direct effect and indirect effects through social support and sleep quality on antenatal depression. Conclusions: Neuroticism influences antenatal depression directly and indirectly. Social support and sleep quality are the mediators of the indirect relationship between neuroticism and antenatal depression. Our results suggest that a personality test offered to all pregnant women could help detect a vulnerability to depression, whereupon intervention in the domains of sleep and social support could prove preventive.


Assuntos
Depressão , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Apoio Social
6.
Transl Psychiatry ; 12(1): 199, 2022 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550503

RESUMO

Perceived stress impairs cognitive function across the adult lifespan, but the extent to which cognition decline is variable across individuals. Individual differences in the stress response are described as personality traits. Substantial individual differences in the magnitude of cognitive impairment that is induced by short-term perceived stress are poorly understood. The present study tested the hypothesis that the relationship between short-term perceived stress and different aspects of cognition is mediated by personality traits. The study included 1066 participants with behavior and neuroimaging data from the Human Connectome Project after excluding individuals with missing variables. In the result, the parallel multiple mediation model demonstrated that the influence of perceived stress on the total and crystalized cognition is mainly mediated by neuroticism (indirect effect = -0.04, p < 0.05) and conscientiousness (indirect effect = 0.05, p < 0.05) in adults. Cortical thickness value (n = 1066) of the right superior frontal gyrus (SFG) showed not only positive correlations with short-term perceived stress and neuroticism, but negative associations with cognition. The chain mediation model found that the right SFG and neuroticism play a small but significant chain mediating effect between stress and total cognition. The strength of the resting-state functional connectivity (n = 968) between the left orbitofrontal cortex versus the left superior medial frontal cortex was positively correlated with crystallized cognition and negatively associated with conscientiousness. These results extend previous findings by the impacts of short-term perceived stress on cognitive function is mediated by neuroticism and the right SFG was the underlying neural mechanism.


Assuntos
Cognição , Personalidade , Adulto , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neuroticismo , Personalidade/fisiologia , Córtex Pré-Frontal , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Front Public Health ; 10: 870772, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35480571

RESUMO

Perceived organizational support (POS) in the relationship between neuroticism and job burnout among firefighters received little attention in China. A sampling of 716 firefighters in China, we drew on perceived organization support theory and the notion of support as a buffer in job burnout, examining moderating effects of POS on the relationship between neuroticism and three components of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment). Also, this study explored the mediating effect of burnout on the relationship between neuroticism and mental health (i.e., anxiety and depression). We found that two components (depersonalization and emotional exhaustion) of burnout have significantly mediated the relationship between neuroticism and anxiety and depression. At the same time, POS reinforced the relationship between neuroticism and depersonalization and emotional exhaustion. Therefore, organizations can take our analysis into account when taking actions to improve firefighters' mental health. The implications of these findings were discussed.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Bombeiros , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Saúde Mental , Neuroticismo
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(6): 1809-1815, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35363327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to generally assess the degree of women's dependence on social networking sites on the example of Facebook, taking into account personality traits according to the five-factor model of personality, the so-called Big Five. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 556 women. This survey-based study was carried out using the questionnaire technique. The following research tools were used to analyze behavioral addictions in adult women: the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS), the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO FFI) and the author's questionnaire. RESULTS: Among the surveyed women, 69.6% were average Facebook users, of whom 16.4% had scores indicating possible Facebook addiction, and 14.0% had scores indicating addiction. The higher the neuroticism, the more serious the Facebook addiction. A weak negative correlation was obtained for the agreeableness subscale. A weak negative correlation was also obtained for the subscale of conscientiousness. There was no statistically significant correlation between the log10 score obtained on the BFAS and the score on the NEO-FFI subscales of extraversion and openness to experience. CONCLUSIONS: The personality types of the studied women indicated relationships in terms of behavioral addictions. Women characterized by neuroticism showed stronger addiction to Facebook. Women characterized by high conscientiousness were at lower risk of behavioral addictions, while agreeableness as a personality trait significantly protected the surveyed women against Facebook addiction.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Mídias Sociais , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Personalidade , Inventário de Personalidade , Rede Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7079, 2022 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490178

RESUMO

This hospital-based, cross-sectional observational study aimed to examine whether neuroticism has an impact on stress that is related to dry eye disease (DED) and quality of life (QOL). One hundred participants who had DED completed the Dry Eye-Related Quality-of-Life Score (DEQS) questionnaire, a 5-level EQ-5D (EQ-5D-5L), Neuroticism Inventory (NI), and 10-Item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Hierarchical linear regression was applied to determine the predictive effect of the independent variables. Participants' mean age was 50.91 ± 14.3 years, and females totalled 89.0%. Hierarchical linear regression analysis showed that DESQ-Ocular symptoms were the strongest predictor for QOL either assessed by DEQS or EQ-5D, and its effect was lessened when perceived stress and neuroticism were added to the model. The final model explained up to 30-39% variance of the QOL, compared with 13-32% by DESQ-Ocular symptoms alone. QOL of the patients with DED, is not only related to eye symptoms but perceived stress. Moreover, neuroticism was a strong predictor contributing to the QOL among patients with DED. The study showed a significant association between perceived stress, neuroticism and the QOL of patients with DED. Personality has some impact on both subjective dry eye symptoms and impact on daily life, along with the general health-related QOL.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Neuroticismo , Qualidade de Vida , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroticismo/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Transl Psychiatry ; 12(1): 153, 2022 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411043

RESUMO

Both environmental (e.g. interpersonal traumatization during childhood and adolescence) and genetic factors may contribute to the development of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Twin studies assessing borderline personality symptoms/features in the general population indicate that genetic factors underlying these symptoms/features are shared in part with the personality traits of the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality-the "Big Five". In the present study, the genetic overlap of BPD with the Big Five -Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism- was assessed. Linkage disequilibrium score regression was used to calculate genetic correlations between a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in central European populations on BPD (N = 2543) and GWAS on the Big Five (N = 76,551-122,886, Neuroticism N = 390,278). Polygenic scores (PGS) were calculated to test the association of the genetic disposition for the personality traits with BPD case-control status. Significant positive genetic correlations of BPD were found with Neuroticism (rg = 0.34, p = 6.3*10-5) and Openness (rg = 0.24, p = 0.036), but not with the other personality traits (all | rg | <0.14, all p > 0.30). A cluster and item-level analysis showed positive genetic correlations of BPD with the Neuroticism clusters "Depressed Affect" and "Worry", and with a broad range of Neuroticism items (N = 348,219-376,352). PGS analyses confirmed the genetic correlations, and found an independent contribution of the personality traits to BPD risk. The observed associations indicate a partially shared genetic background of BPD and the personality traits Neuroticism and Openness. Larger GWAS of BPD and the "Big Five" are needed to further explore the role of personality traits in the etiology of BPD.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Trauma Psicológico , Adolescente , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Biologia Molecular , Neuroticismo
11.
Behav Ther ; 53(3): 546-559, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473656

RESUMO

This study investigated the dispositional profile associated with hoarding symptoms by applying a personality and motivational trait perspective. A community sample oversampling high hoarding symptoms (N = 649, ages 18-74 years) completed an online questionnaire assessing hoarding, the five-factor model of personality, and general causality orientations drawn from self-determination theory. Personality aspects (10 traits), a level of measurement intermediate to factors (5 traits) and facets (30 traits), were assessed to provide greater specificity than a factor-level approach. Hoarding was correlated with neuroticism and conscientiousness. Aspects predicting hoarding were industriousness (C), orderliness (C), withdrawal (N), and assertiveness (E). Hoarding was significantly related to impersonal and control orientations, albeit with only slight (1.4%) incremental validity for general causality orientations above personality aspects in predicting hoarding. These findings may not generalize to a clinical treatment sample, and possible configurative interactions between traits were not assessed. This study extended the existing literature by reporting aspect-level personality and general causality orientation correlates of hoarding. These data may inform preventative monitoring and intervention programs, as well as predicting meaningful personality characteristics of hoarding clients.


Assuntos
Colecionismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroticismo , Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
12.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0265806, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385493

RESUMO

The aim of this preregistered study was to identify dispositional predictors of podcast listening and examine the associations between aspects of podcast listening, dispositional predictors, and psychological outcomes. Three hundred and six adults from a range of countries completed an online questionnaire that assessed individual difference predictors (the Big Five personality factors, curiosity, need for cognition, need to belong, age, and gender), aspects of podcast listening (amount, format, setting, device, and social aspects), and potential outcomes (autonomy, competence, relatedness, meaning, mindfulness, and smartphone addiction). As predicted, openness to experience, interest-based curiosity, and need for cognition positively predicted podcast listening. Contrary to predictions, need to belong negatively predicted podcast listening, and time spent listening to podcasts was not associated with autonomy, competence, relatedness, meaning, mindfulness, or smartphone addiction. However, certain aspects of podcast listening (e.g., parasocial relationships and social engagement) were related to positive outcomes and to our predictor variables. Furthermore, neuroticism negatively predicted podcast listening. Overall, the findings support the idea that informational motives can play a role in podcast listening, and that some aspects of listening are associated with positive outcomes.


Assuntos
Motivação , Personalidade , Adulto , Percepção Auditiva , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Brain Behav ; 12(5): e2554, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403836

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The negative cognitive effects of the startle response are not yet fully understood. Ecological observations in the aviation field indicate risk for severe outcomes in complex or pressured situations, while sparse previous research suggests milder negative effects on simple cognitive tasks. Neuroticism is proposed as a factor related to the level of negative effects following startle. METHODS: This study examined the effects of startle on performance in a choice reaction time task and analyzed relations between performance, neuroticism, and physiological stress. RESULTS: Our results indicate that reaction time directly following startle was not affected, but reaction time in subsequent trials was significantly slower. Neuroticism and physiological stress were both unrelated to this performance effect. DISCUSSION: We argue that higher complexity/demand tasks are necessary to complement the research on base cognitive functioning in relation to startle. If neuroticism is related to startle effects, this is more likely to be found in these higher demand situations.


Assuntos
Cognição , Reflexo de Sobressalto , Neuroticismo , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Reflexo de Sobressalto/fisiologia
14.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res ; 46(6): 1110-1120, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This secondary analysis of the Self-Match Study explores whether personality traits affect the treatment outcome for alcohol use disorders (AUD). We designed the Self-Match Study to investigate whether clients choosing between treatment options improves treatment outcomes. The primary outcome report revealed no difference in the outcome, whether treatment allocation was based on clinician matching or self-matching. Because willingness to choose, choice of treatment method, and compliance with treatment may be related to personality, this exploratory sub-study investigated the influence of personality traits on treatment outcome. METHOD: We enrolled 402 consecutive clients (female 46.7%, mean age 47.4) seeking treatment at the outpatient alcohol treatment center in Odense, Denmark. Clients were randomized to treatment by expert-match or self-matching. Data on alcohol consumption (Timeline Follow Back), personality traits (NEO-FFI-3), and retention in care were collected at baseline and 6-month follow-up. Outcomes were compliance, sensible drinking (alcohol intake below National Recommendations), and the number of heavy drinking days at follow-up. RESULTS: A high neuroticism score was negatively associated with treatment completion. Further, clients with a high score on neuroticism, openness, and extraversion, or a low score on conscientiousness were less likely to reduce their drinking to a sensible level at follow-up. We also found that low scores on conscientiousness were associated with having more heavy drinking days at follow-up. The personality traits neuroticism and openness were associated with treatment preferences. CONCLUSIONS: Personality traits influence 6 months drinking outcomes for people receiving AUD treatment.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Alcoolismo/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroticismo , Personalidade , Inventário de Personalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35328950

RESUMO

Participation in community affairs and activities is beneficial to the mental health of older adults. The current study attempted to confirm the mediating role of sense of community (SoC) between community participation (CP) and subjective well-being (SWB), and the moderating role of neuroticism between CP and SoC. A total of 465 older adults aged ≥65 years from China participated in both two-wave online surveys. The self-developed Community Participation questionnaire, the SoC scale, and the Neuroticism subscale were used to assess CP, SoC, and neuroticism, respectively. The four indicators of SWB were assessed by the Satisfaction with Life Scale, Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule, and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale. The results revealed that CP was associated with three indicators of SWB including life satisfaction, positive affect, and depressive symptoms, SoC mediated the above associations, and neuroticism negatively moderated the association between CP and SoC, after controlling for age, sex, education, spouse status, monthly income, and physical health. CP enhances older adults' SWB through increasing their SoC. When compared to those older adults with a higher score of neuroticism, the enhancing effect of CP on SoC is stronger for those with lower scores of neuroticism.


Assuntos
Participação da Comunidade , Saúde Mental , Idoso , China , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35270578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behavior among college students is a focus of attention in current society. In the information era, the Internet serves as a public health concern and as an effective pathway for prevention. In order to reduce NSSI behavior, we explore its influence factors, especially the relations between neuroticism, emotion regulation (ER), depression, and NSSI behavior. METHODS: A total of 450 college students were surveyed with the Big Five Inventory-2, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Self-Rating Depression Scale, and Adolescent Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Assessment Questionnaire. RESULTS: Regression analysis showed that neuroticism significantly negatively predicted emotion regulation, while it positively predicted depression and NSSI. Multiple mediation modeling demonstrated that neuroticism and emotion regulation had no significant direct effects on NSSI. However, neuroticism could indirectly affect NSSI through four pathways of multiple mediating effects, including depression, cognitive reappraisal-depression, expressive suppression-depression, and cognitive reappraisal-expressive suppression-depression. CONCLUSIONS: Neuroticism positively predicts depression and NSSI behavior, and affects NSSI through the mediating effect of ER and depression. Therefore, amelioration of neuroticism from the perspectives of emotion regulation and depression is recommended, so as to reduce NSSI behavior among college students with highly neurotic personalities.


Assuntos
Regulação Emocional , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Adolescente , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia
17.
Span J Psychol ; 25: e14, 2022 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35321765

RESUMO

The Dark Triad traits of Psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and Narcissism should be clearly recognizable within a multidimensional personality space. Two such personality spaces were investigated in this study: HEXACO (Honesty-Humility, Emotionality, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience); and the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ) space (Extraversion, Neuroticism, Activity, Sensation Seeking, and Aggressiveness). Our sample comprised 289 participants (137 males, 145 females, 7 unspecified) who completed these three questionnaires: HEXACO-60, ZKA-PQ/SF, and the SD3, assessing the Dark Triad. We reduced the dimensionality of each space to that of a 2D representation using Smallest Space Analysis (SSA). Three research questions guided the data analysis: (a) Do the HEXACO and ZKA-PQ SSA spaces conform to the structure of a radex? (b) Will these spaces remain invariant following the entry of the Dark Triad traits into the analyses? (c) Where will the Dark Triad traits be located in each SSA space? For ZKA-PQ space, the structure was clearly indicative of a radex, both prior to entering the Dark Triad traits into the analysis, and subsequent to this. Psychopathy and Machiavellianism were in close proximity in the Aggressiveness region; Narcissism was positioned at the common origin. In contrast, HEXACO space did not conform to a radex; furthermore, the presence of the Dark Triad traits distorts this 2D SSA space.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Personalidade , Personalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroticismo , Determinação da Personalidade , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 226: 103557, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35306271

RESUMO

The paper explores the hierarchical structure of temperament with the inclusion of a wide catalog of temperamental constructs derived from eight different theoretical models. Analyses were conducted on a group of 412 participants aged from 16 to 79 (Mage = 28.49, SDage = 11.64), administrating nine well-established measures of temperament, with a representation of 34 different constructs. An eight-level hierarchical structure of temperament was obtained using a top-down procedure. The results are discussed twofold: (1) relating the subsequent levels of the obtained structure to the existing theories and models of temperament, and (2) regarding possible identification of the most general dimensions of temperament, that percolate the abundant catalogs of its specific constructs. The latter-considering both an empirical and theoretical perspectives-resulted in the emergence of the Big Two broad factors, being recognized as two fundamental dimensions of temperament. The first factor (Neuroticism/Emotionality) refers to general (negative) emotionality and susceptibility to react with negative affect, whereas the second (Extraversion/Sensation Seeking) is expressed in broadly understood activity and its diversity, as well as high stimuli value of functioning.


Assuntos
Temperamento , Humanos , Neuroticismo
19.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0263670, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35353829

RESUMO

In this paper we examine the buffering effects of personality traits when people leave their work in later life. Using large-scale panel data for the UK, we show that depending on the exit route and satisfaction related to overall life and the domains of income and leisure, different personality traits act as moderators. Besides augmenting leisure satisfaction for those who hit mandatory retirement, conscientiousness augments life satisfaction for those becoming unemployed. On the contrary, extraversion mitigates satisfaction with life, income, and leisure for those who retire early. This may be an indication that extraverted individuals who tend to be sociable and outgoing may suffer when losing social relationships from their work. At the same time, extraversion may be helpful in augmenting leisure satisfaction for those who stop working for reasons related to ill health or family care. Neuroticism augments income satisfaction for those who become unemployed, which may reflect that people high in neuroticism had a lower "baseline level" of income satisfaction relative to typical individuals so they were not affected as much. Finally, agreeableness mitigates life and leisure satisfaction for those hitting mandatory retirement, as is also the case with openness in terms of income satisfaction.


Assuntos
Extroversão Psicológica , Personalidade , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Satisfação Pessoal , Aposentadoria
20.
Psychol Aging ; 37(3): 401-412, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35298205

RESUMO

Subjective age is associated with health-related outcomes across adulthood. The present study examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between personality traits and subjective age. Participants (N > 31,000) were from the Midlife in the United States Study (MIDUS), the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), the National Health and Aging Study (NHATS), the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study Graduate (WLSG) and Siblings (WLSS) samples, and the English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA). Demographic factors, personality traits, and subjective age were assessed at baseline. Subjective age was assessed again in the MIDUS, the HRS, and the NHATS, 4 to almost 20 years later. Across the samples and a meta-analysis, higher neuroticism was related to an older subjective age, whereas higher extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness were associated with a younger subjective age. Self-rated health, physical activity, chronic conditions, and depressive symptoms partially mediated these relationships. There was little evidence that chronological age moderated these associations. Multilevel longitudinal analyses found similar associations with the intercept and weak evidence for an association with the slope in the opposite of the expected direction: Lower neuroticism and higher extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness were related to feeling relatively older over time. The present study provides replicable evidence that personality is related to subjective age. It extends existing conceptualization of subjective age as a biopsychosocial marker of aging by showing that how old or young individuals feel partly reflects personality traits. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Personalidade , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Neuroticismo , Transtornos da Personalidade , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...