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1.
J Hist Dent ; 69(1): 29-45, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383634

RESUMO

Musée de la Cour d'Or, Metz, France, possesses a female skull bearing a gold wire dental appliance claimed in a 1934 Dental Cosmos article on the history of dental prosthetics to be 'probably' Merovingian in origin. Inquiries in 2017 revealed current museum curators were unaware of this claim but were skeptical of such dating, suggesting scientific analysis might provide clarity. Carbon dating of a tooth from the skull was performed placing the artifact in the mid seventeenth-late eighteenth centuries, while Metz historical records reveal the find site was occupied by a convent of nuns for most of C14 dated period. Strontium isotopic analysis indicated that the woman was a local of the Metz region while fluorine analysis indicated exposure to fluoride early in life. Oral health status and the dentistry indicate the woman was of high social status.


Assuntos
Freiras , Isótopos de Estrôncio , Osso e Ossos , Feminino , França , Humanos
2.
Neurocirugia (Astur : Engl Ed) ; 32(3): 148-152, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651057

RESUMO

Camptocormia is an involuntary flexion between 15-45° of the thoracolumbar spine when standing, walking or sitting, which disappears completely in the supine position. Is associated to Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative conditions, being its physiopatology unknown. We report three cases of atypical anti-psychotic induced camptocormia.


Assuntos
Atrofia Muscular Espinal , Freiras , Doença de Parkinson , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia
4.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 54: e03637, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175023

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the perception of self-care by contemplative nuns residing in a Discalced Carmelite Monastery. METHOD: Descriptive, exploratory study, with a qualitative approach, conducted in a Discalced Carmelite Monastery in Minas Gerais state. Data collection from nuns was performed in January 2018 through a questionnaire on their sociodemographic profile and a semi-structured interview script. The interviews were transcribed, reviewed, and submitted to content analysis. RESULTS: Twenty nuns took part in this study. Three categories emerged: self-care comprehension, how self-care is practiced and what should be done to improve self-care. One subcategory was selected from each thematic category. Subcategories were, respectively, care of others, nutrition, and exercise. Nuns were seen to understand self-care as care of others, practicing it mostly through nutrition while considering exercise a point to be improved. CONCLUSION: Nuns were found to understand what self-care is in its essence and to perform it. However, their priority is to provide care of others as a form of mutual care, which impacts on self-care.


Assuntos
Freiras , Autocuidado , Brasil , Cuidadores , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Teoria de Enfermagem , Estado Nutricional , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Holist Nurs ; 38(4): 350-361, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193982

RESUMO

Purpose: To gain an understanding of how religious and spiritual practices might enable Catholic Sisters to age successfully. Design: A purposive sample of 12 retired Roman Catholic Sisters aged 75 years and older from two convent settings were interviewed. Method: Using a semistructured recorded interview, the Roman Catholic Sisters shared their lived experiences of aging, and practices of religion, spirituality, and meditation. Data analysis utilized thematic analysis of the interview texts. Findings: Thematic analysis identified the following themes: daily engagement in religious and spiritual practice and meditation; self-contentment and positivity regarding the meaning of successful aging; life acceptance; sense of faith and positivity regarding the afterlife; and intersection of meditation, prayer, spirituality, and cognitive engagement. Conclusion: This research contributes to the body of aging research and presents successful aging as understood and more specifically as experientially influenced. The findings of the study provided insight regarding the meaning and experience of successful aging, and the role of everyday religious and spiritual practices in the lives of the Catholic Sisters which influenced their individual life experiences as they age.


Assuntos
Catolicismo/psicologia , Envelhecimento Saudável , Freiras/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 54: e03637, 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1136629

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Compreender a percepção do autocuidado por parte de freiras de vida contemplativa que residem em um Mosteiro da Ordem Carmelita Descalça. Método: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo e exploratório de abordagem qualitativa, realizado em um Mosteiro da Ordem Carmelita Descalça do Estado de Minas Gerais. A coleta de dados foi realizada em janeiro de 2018 junto às freiras por meio de um questionário sobre seu perfil sociodemográfico e um roteiro semi-estruturado para entrevista. As entrevistas foram transcritas e revisadas, sendo submetidas a análise de conteúdo. Resultados: Participaram 20 freiras. Emergiram três categorias: compreensão do autocuidado, como pratica o autocuidado e o que fazer para melhorar o autocuidado. De cada uma das três categorias temáticas, foi selecionada uma subcategoria. Estas foram, respectivamente, o cuidado com o outro, a alimentação e o exercício. Entendeu-se que as freiras compreendem o autocuidado como o cuidado com o outro. Praticam majoritariamente através da alimentação e consideram ainda o exercício como algo a ser melhorado no autocuidado. Conclusão: Constatou-se que as freiras compreendem o que é autocuidado em sua essência e o realizam. Contudo, dão prioridade ao cuidado do outro como forma de cuidado mútuo, que repercute no autocuidado.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Entender la percepción del autocuidado de las monjas de vida contemplativa que residen en un monasterio de la Orden de las Carmelitas Descalzas. Método: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo y exploratorio con un abordaje cualitativo, realizado en un monasterio de la Orden de las Carmelitas Descalzas en el estado de Minas Gerais. La recopilación de datos de las monjas se llevó a cabo en enero del año 2018 mediante un cuestionario sobre su perfil sociodemográfico y un guión semiestructurado para la entrevista. Las entrevistas se transcribieron y revisaron y se sometieron a un análisis de contenido. Resultados: Participaron 20 monjas. Surgieron tres categorías: comprensión del autocuidado, cómo practica el autocuidado y qué pueden hacer para mejorar su autocuidado. De cada una de las tres categorías temáticas, se seleccionó una subcategoría. Estas fueron respectivamente el cuidado del otro, la comida y el ejercicio. Se entendió que las monjas comprenden el autocuidado como el cuidado del otro. Practican el autocuidado principalmente a través de la alimentación y consideran el ejercicio como algo que pueden mejorar en el cuidado de sí mismas. Conclusión: Se constató que las monjas entienden lo que es el autocuidado y lo hacen. Sin embargo, dan prioridad al cuidado del otro como una forma de cuidado mutuo, que tiene un impacto en el autocuidado.


ABSTRACT Objective: To understand the perception of self-care by contemplative nuns residing in a Discalced Carmelite Monastery. Method: Descriptive, exploratory study, with a qualitative approach, conducted in a Discalced Carmelite Monastery in Minas Gerais state. Data collection from nuns was performed in January 2018 through a questionnaire on their sociodemographic profile and a semi-structured interview script. The interviews were transcribed, reviewed, and submitted to content analysis. Results: Twenty nuns took part in this study. Three categories emerged: self-care comprehension, how self-care is practiced and what should be done to improve self-care. One subcategory was selected from each thematic category. Subcategories were, respectively, care of others, nutrition, and exercise. Nuns were seen to understand self-care as care of others, practicing it mostly through nutrition while considering exercise a point to be improved. Conclusion: Nuns were found to understand what self-care is in its essence and to perform it. However, their priority is to provide care of others as a form of mutual care, which impacts on self-care.


Assuntos
Autocuidado , Teoria de Enfermagem , Freiras , Pesquisa Qualitativa
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438506

RESUMO

Research in work and organizational psychology has paid little attention to religious workers, something certainly surprising as faith-based organizations play a key role in the welfare state of many countries. This research shows that religious workers in a Catholic order present a high degree of subjective wellbeing, both in terms of flourishing and satisfaction with life in general, and a positive balance of positive and negative feelings. More specifically, this study examines the relationship between authenticity and wellbeing amongst religious workers. Survey responses from 142 religious workers in Spain were analyzed using partial least squares path modelling. The results reveal that subjective wellbeing at work is positively related to authenticity. In addition, this relationship is mediated by their level of work engagement.


Assuntos
Freiras/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Satisfação Pessoal , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários , Engajamento no Trabalho
9.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 71(1): 201-212, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multilingualism is associated with enhanced executive function and may thus prevent cognitive decline and reduce the risk of dementia. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether multilingualism is associated with delayed onset or reduced risk of dementia. METHODS: Dementia was diagnosed in the Nun Study, a longitudinal study of religious sisters aged 75+ years. Multilingualism was self-reported. Dementia likelihood was determined in 325 participants using discrete-time survival analysis; sensitivity analyses (n = 106) incorporated additional linguistic measures (idea density and grammatical complexity). RESULTS: Multilingualism did not delay the onset of dementia. However, participants speaking four or more languages (but not two or three) were significantly less likely to develop dementia than monolinguals (OR = 0.13; 95% CI = 0.01, 0.65, adjusted for age, apolipoprotein E, and transition period). This significant protective effect of speaking four or more languages weakened (OR = 0.53; 95% CI = 0.06, 4.91) in the presence of idea density in models adjusted for education and apolipoprotein E. CONCLUSION: Linguistic ability broadly was a significant predictor of dementia, although it was written linguistic ability (specifically idea density) rather than multilingualism that was the strongest predictor. The impact of language on dementia may extend beyond number of languages spoken to encompass other indicators of linguistic ability. Further research to identify the characteristics of multilingualism most salient for risk of dementia could clarify the value, target audience, and design of interventions to promote multilingualism and other linguistic training as a strategy to reduce the risk of dementia and its individual and societal impacts.


Assuntos
Demência/etiologia , Multilinguismo , Freiras/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Demência/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Freiras/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco
10.
Sci Adv ; 5(1): eaau7126, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30662947

RESUMO

During the European Middle Ages, the opening of long-distance Asian trade routes introduced exotic goods, including ultramarine, a brilliant blue pigment produced from lapis lazuli stone mined only in Afghanistan. Rare and as expensive as gold, this pigment transformed the European color palette, but little is known about its early trade or use. Here, we report the discovery of lapis lazuli pigment preserved in the dental calculus of a religious woman in Germany radiocarbon-dated to the 11th or early 12th century. The early use of this pigment by a religious woman challenges widespread assumptions about its limited availability in medieval Europe and the gendered production of illuminated texts.


Assuntos
Silicatos de Alumínio/história , Cálculos Dentários/história , Literatura Medieval/história , Freiras/história , Datação Radiométrica , Restos Mortais , Cor , Feminino , Alemanha , História Medieval , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pinturas , Espectrometria por Raios X , Análise Espectral Raman
12.
Ir J Med Sci ; 188(3): 1005-1012, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30467806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Analysing dietary patterns (DP) evaluates overall dietary intake, taking account of its complexity, quality, variance and the interaction between different foods, providing an alternative approach for the evaluation of nutritional influences on age-related macular degeneration (AMD) risk. AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between DP and AMD in an older female population. METHODS: Data was analysed from the cross-sectional Irish Nun Eye Study involving 1233 older women with a restricted lifestyle (mean age 76.3 years [range, 56-100 years). The Wisconsin Age-related Maculopathy Grading System was used to classify digital colour macular fundus images and dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire (n = 1033). A posteriori DP were derived using principal component analysis. Logistic regression models examined associations between DP and AMD risk with adjustment for confounders. RESULTS: Two DP were identified: a 'healthy' pattern characterised by a high intake of oily fish, wholegrains, vegetables and fruit; and an 'unhealthy' pattern characterised by high-fat dairy products, sugar, sweets and chips. Of the participants included within the analysis, AMD status were categorised as controls (n = 818, 86.9%), early AMD (n = 83, 8.8%) and late AMD (n = 21, 2.2%). Regression analysis failed to identify any significant associations between healthy or unhealthy DP and AMD risk, in unadjusted and adjusted models. CONCLUSION: No evidence of an association between the DP identified and AMD risk was detected in this well-characterised population. Further research is required to determine the overall dietary influences on AMD risk in general population cohorts.


Assuntos
Dieta/efeitos adversos , Degeneração Macular/etiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Irlanda , Degeneração Macular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Freiras , Fatores de Risco
13.
J Pers ; 87(2): 181-193, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29524338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Work on longevity has found protective social, cognitive, and emotional factors, but to date we have little understanding of the impact of motivational dynamics. Autonomy orientation, or stable patterns of self-regulation, is theorized to be a protective factor for long-term mental and physical health (Ryan & Deci, 2017), and it is therefore a prime candidate for examining how stable psychosocial factors are linked to longevity, or life expectancy. METHOD: Essays written in the 1930s by participants in the Nun Study were coded for indicators of an autonomy orientation. These were selected in line with an extensive theoretical literature based in self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985). Essays were coded for the propensity for choice in action, susceptibility to pressure, self-reflection, integration of experiences, and parental support for autonomy. These coded variables were used to predict age of death. RESULTS: Using 176 codable essays provided by now-deceased participants, linear regression analyses revealed that choiceful behavior, self-reflection, and parent autonomy support predicted age of death. Participants who demonstrated these stable and beneficial motivational characteristics lived longer. CONCLUSIONS: Personality constructs reflecting a healthy form of self-regulation are associated with long-term health. Implications for health interventions are discussed.


Assuntos
Longevidade/fisiologia , Motivação/fisiologia , Autonomia Pessoal , Personalidade/fisiologia , Autocontrole , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Freiras , Teoria Psicológica
14.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2019. 76 p.
Tese em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1087929

RESUMO

Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a percepção e o enfrentamento do processo de envelhecimento pela mulher religiosa consagrada, descrevendo compreensivamente a percepção que essas mulheres possuem sobre o processo de envelhecimento. A partir desta compreensão foi realizada uma análise dos depoimentos à luz da teoria da enfermagem humanística e por fim, foram apontadas estratégias de enfrentamento para garantir um cuidado humanístico. Método: Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, utilizando o método de análise de conteúdo de entrevistas. Resultados: a análise deu origem a três categorias. A primeira categoria é "envelhecimento" e se desdobra em três subcategorias: a percepção do envelhecimento; a negação do processo de envelhecimento e o enfrentamento do processo de envelhecimento. A segunda categoria é "vida religiosa" e possui duas subcategorias: missão/ser religiosa e oração: a conexão com Deus. A terceira categoria é "cuidado", que se divide nas subcategorias: a realidade do cuidado e; como deveria ser o cuidado realizado. A Teoria do Cuidado Humanístico aplicada aos resultados mostrou como a enfermeira precisa se preparar e como se aproximar para cuidar desta mulher. Desta forma, após sintetizar tudo o que sentiu, percebeu e avaliou, a enfermeira pode agir de forma humanística. Para isso é preciso estabelecer objetivos terapêuticos em enfermagem a partir de um cuidado sistematizado para que a mulher religiosa possa alcançar o equilíbrio e a harmonia em todas as dimensões. Por fim, foi possível delinear uma proposta de ações de cuidado humanístico. Conclusões: As mulheres religiosas consagradas necessitam de um espaço de cuidado que as acolha no sentido humanístico e não apenas as cuidem no sentido biomédico. Particularmente os profissionais que as atendem precisam respeitar a história de vida de cada mulher e avaliar a possibilidade de continuidade de sua missão, adaptando sua vida de serviço à suas possibilidades funcionais e cognitivas.


Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the perception and confrontation of the aging process of consecrated religious women, comprehensively describing the perception that these women have about the aging process. From this understanding, an analysis of the statements was performed in the light of humanistic nursing theory, and finally, coping strategies were pointed out to ensure humanistic care. Method: This is a qualitative study, using the method of analysis of the contents of interviews. Results: the analysis gave rise to three categories. The first category is "aging" and unfolds into three subcategories: the perception of aging; denial of the aging process and coping with the aging process. The second category is "religious life" and has two subcategories: mission/religious being and prayer: the connection with God. The third category is "the care", which is divided into the subcategories: ... the reality of care and as should be the care performed. The Theory of Humanistic Care applied to the results showed how the nurse needs to be prepared and how to approach to take care of the religious woman. Thus, after synthesizing everything how she felt, perceived and evaluated, the nurse can act humanistically. For this, it is necessary to establish therapeutic goals in nursing from a systematized care so that religious women can achieve balance and harmony in all dimensions. Finally, it was possible to outline a proposal for humanistic care actions. Conclusions: Consecrated religious women need a space of care that welcomes them in the humanistic sense and not only taking care of them in the biomedical sense. Particularly the professionals who serve them need to respect each woman's life history and evaluate the possibility of continuing their mission, adapting their life to their functional and cognitive possibilities.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Percepção , Envelhecimento , Freiras , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Filosofias Religiosas , Brasil , Pesquisa Metodológica em Enfermagem , Catolicismo , Saúde da Mulher , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Enfermagem Geriátrica
15.
Fertil Steril ; 110(6): 1145-1153, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the associations between dietary factors and circulating antimüllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations among late premenopausal women. DESIGN: AMH concentrations were measured in serum samples collected at enrollment from 296 women (aged 35-45 years) in the Sister Study cohort. Usual dietary intakes in the past 12 months were assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Dietary exposures of interest included macronutrients, dietary fat subtypes, fiber, and glycemic index. Multivariable linear regression was used to evaluate associations between dietary variables and serum AMH concentrations. We also used nutrient density models to examine isocaloric replacement of macronutrients. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENTS: Women aged 35-45 years. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serum AMH concentrations in nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). RESULTS: AMH concentrations were positively associated with percentage of energy from carbohydrates (ß per 5% calories = 0.141 [95% CI 0.023, 0.259]; P trend = .019), and inversely associated with percentage of energy from fat (ß per 5% calories = -0.152 [95% CI -0.299, -0.004]; P trend = .044). In analyses of dietary fat subtypes, AMH decreased with increasing monounsaturated fatty acids (P trend = .082) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (P trend = .043), particularly ω-6 fatty acids (P trend = .044), whereas no strong trend was observed for saturated fatty acids. Protein and alcohol intake were not strongly associated with AMH. CONCLUSIONS: Our cross-sectional analyses in a sample of late premenopausal women suggest that dietary fat intake may be inversely associated with circulating AMH concentrations. Further research in prospective studies is warranted to evaluate dietary factors as potential modifiers of ovarian reserve.


Assuntos
Hormônio Antimülleriano/sangue , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Gorduras na Dieta/sangue , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Freiras , Pré-Menopausa/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Ingestão de Energia/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 22(7): 751-758, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30080215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retinal vessel abnormalities are associated with cardiovascular disease risk. Widening of retinal venules is associated with increased risk of stroke while narrowing of retinal arterioles independently predicts incident hypertension, coronary heart disease and diabetes. Dietary factors are known to play an important role in cardiovascular health. However, few studies have examined the association between dietary patterns (DPs) and retinal microvascular health. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between 'a posteriori'-derived DPs and retinal vascular caliber (RVC) in older women with a restricted lifestyle. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 1233 participants (mean age: 76.3 years) from the Irish Nun Eye Study (INES). Computer-assisted software was used to measure RVC from digital eye images using standardized protocols. Dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). DP analysis was performed using principal component analysis from completed FFQs. Regression models were used to assess associations between DPs and retinal vessel diameters, adjusting for age, body mass index, refraction, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular accident and fellow eye RVC. RESULTS: Two DPs were identified: a 'healthy' pattern with high factor loadings for fruit, vegetables, wholegrains and oily fish and an 'unhealthy' pattern with high factor loadings for sugar and sweets, chips, high fat dairy products and French fries. Adjusted linear regression analysis revealed that those who adhered most closely to the unhealthy DP had wider central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) (p=0.03) and narrower central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE) (p=0.01) compared to the least unhealthy DP. No independent relationship was observed between the healthy DP and RVC. CONCLUSION: In this cohort of older women with a restricted lifestyle, an unhealthy DP was independently associated with an unfavorable retinal profile, namely a widening of retinal venules and narrowing of retinal arterioles.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Cardiovasculares , Dieta Saudável , Preferências Alimentares , Nível de Saúde , Vasos Retinianos/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Arteríolas/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Laticínios/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Frutas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Irlanda , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Freiras , Carne Vermelha/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Verduras/efeitos adversos , Vênulas/fisiologia
18.
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci ; 73(8): 1429-1438, 2018 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27573992

RESUMO

Objectives: Previous studies have found that individuals' health is associated with the social characteristics of their communities. However, interpreting the causality of the relationships is difficult due to a number of potential confounders on both the individual- and community-levels as well as potential selection effects. In the current article, we analyze data on health and community characteristics from Catholic order members aged 50+ living together in religious communities. We argue that the potential for confounders and selection effects is reduced in our sample. Method: We use multilevel group actor-partner interdependence models and cross-sectional questionnaire data (N = 1,041, k = 156 communities) to test whether individuals' self-rated health was associated with the level of social conflict and connectedness of their community separate from their own involvement in conflict and feelings of connectedness. Results: We find that living in communities with higher levels of conflict is associated with worse health, especially at older ages. We also find that (a) the relationship between health and own feelings of connectedness is stronger for men and (b) women report better health than men in more connected communities. Discussion: Our results offer further evidence that at least some social characteristics of the community have a causal impact on health.


Assuntos
Catolicismo , Monges/estatística & dados numéricos , Freiras/estatística & dados numéricos , Meio Social , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monges/psicologia , Freiras/psicologia , Características de Residência , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Cult. cuid ; 21(49): 81-90, sept.-dic. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-170902

RESUMO

A lo largo de la evolución de la profesión enfermera, se han llevado a cabo cuidados en diversos escenarios y se han utilizado diversos materiales para proporcionar cuidados. El mundo material de los cuidados de enfermería está formado por una amplia variedad de instrumentos que dan soporte a esos cuidados, facilitando la labor de enfermería. Por ello, es importante conocer los elementos que utilizaron nuestros predecesores en la práctica enfermera y sus características más relevantes. Objetivos: En este trabajo se pretende analizar la situación del mundo material a lo largo de la historia de enfermería comprendida entre los siglos XVIII y XX, con el fin de recopilar información y exponer una visión actualizada de qué instrumentos se utilizaban y cómo se llevaba a cabo el cuidado. Metodología: se ha realizado una revisión bibliográfica con el fin de encontrar y utilizar información disponible acerca del mundo material a lo largo de la historia de enfermería. También se ha procedido al análisis de diversos manuales para entender el cuidado proporcionado en esos siglos Resultados principales: los movimientos tecnológicos, científicos y sociales a los largo de los siglos XVII, y sobre todo XIX y XX, han producido diversas modificaciones en el mundo material y en el escenario de cuidados en la profesión enfermera Conclusión principal: El análisis de los medios y objetos utilizados en el cuidado, permite trazar una visión general acerca de la evolución del rol de los profesionales de enfermería. El mundo material de los cuidados se ha construido y enriquecido gracias a las diferentes figuras que se han dedicado a cuidar y a los objetos que han formado parte de ese cuidado (AU)


Introdução: Ao longo da evolução da profissão de enfermagem , levaram a cabo vários cenários de cuidado e ter usado vários mate-riais para prestar cuidados. O mundo material dos cuidados de enfermagem é composto por uma grande variedade de instrumentos que suportam tais cuidados , facilitando o trabalho de enfermagem. Por isso, é importante conhecer os elementos que nossos antecessores utilizados na prática de enfermagem e suas características mais importantes. Objetivos: Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a situação do mundo material em toda a história da enfermagem entre os séculos XVIII e XX, a fim de recolher informações e apresentar uma versão atualizada do que a visão instrumentos foram utilizados e como eles carregavam cuidados fora. Metodologia: Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura a fim de encontrar e utilizar a informação disponível sobre o mundo material em toda a história da enfermagem. Também foi realizada a análise de vários manual para compreender os cuidados prestados nesses séculos. Principais resultados: movimentos tecnológicos, desafios científicos e sociais em todo o XVII e séculos, especialmente XIX e XX, houve várias mudanças no mundo material e o estágio de cuidados na profissão de enfermagem. A principal conclusão: A análise dos meios de comunicação e objetos usados no cuidado, permite desenhar um panorama da evolução do papel da enfermagem. O mundo material dos cuidados foi construída e enriquecida pelas várias figuras que se dedicaram a cuidar e objetos que fizeram parte desse cuidado (AU)


Throughout the evolution of the nursing profession , have carried out various scenarios care and have used various materials to provide care. The material world of nursing care consists of a wide variety of instruments that sup-port such care , facilitating the work of nursing. It is therefore important to know the elements that our predecessors used in nursing practice and its most important features Objective: It aims to analyze the situation of the material world throughout history including nursing between the eighteenth and twentieth centuries, in order to gather infor-mation and present an updated version of what instruments vision were used and how it is carried out carefully. Methods: It has done a literature review in order to find and use information available about the material world throughout the history of nursing . It has also been carried out the analysis of various manual to understand the care provided in those centuries Results: technological, scientific and social challenges throughout the seventeenth movements, and especially nineteenth and twentieth centuries, there have been several changes in the material world and the stage of care in the nursing profession Conclusions: he analysis of media and objects used in the care, allows you to draw an overview of the evolving role of nurses . The material world of care has been built and enriched by the various figures who have dedicat-ed themselves to caring and objects that have been part of that care (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XVII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Cuidados de Enfermagem/tendências , História da Enfermagem , Equipamentos e Provisões/história , Serviço Hospitalar de Enfermagem/história , Desenvolvimento Tecnológico/história , Freiras , Religiosos/história
20.
Anthropol Anz ; 74(4): 347-353, 2017 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28817154

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: We here report the discovery of a gold dental ligature from the late 15th century, at the Convent of Santa Clara-a-Velha, in the city of Coimbra, Portugal. A medieval Clare's nun presented the left upper lateral incisor splinted to the canine, since the others three incisors were lost, most probably due to an aggressive periodontal disease. The convent is associated with the medieval upper class, which was well known for its consumption of high levels of sugar. There is a higher prevalence of caries in comparison to other Portuguese skeletal samples of the same time period, as well as a high prevalence of periodontal disease. Thus far, this is one of the earliest findings of dental treatment in Europe.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Reparação de Restauração Dentária , Ouro/uso terapêutico , Freiras , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/história , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Reparação de Restauração Dentária/história , Reparação de Restauração Dentária/métodos , Feminino , História do Século XV , Humanos , Incisivo/patologia , Portugal
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