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1.
Recurso educacional aberto em Português | CVSP - Regional | ID: oer-3980

RESUMO

Comida de verdade é um curso em 10 aulas, produzido pelo Panelinha em parceria com a USP/NUPENS, com o apoio da Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia. Leia mais: http://www.panelinha.com.br/blog/rita...


Assuntos
Ciências da Nutrição , Dieta Saudável
2.
Recurso educacional aberto em Português | CVSP - Regional | ID: oer-3981

RESUMO

Comida de verdade é um curso em 10 aulas, produzido pelo Panelinha em parceria com a USP/NUPENS, com o apoio da Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia. Leia mais: http://www.panelinha.com.br/blog/rita...


Assuntos
Ciências da Nutrição , Dieta Saudável
3.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48519

RESUMO

A Coordenação Geral de Alimentação e Nutrição (CGAN) tem como principal missão implementar ações de acordo com as diretrizes da Política Nacional de Alimentação e Nutrição (PNAN) com vistas a garantia de condições de saúde adequadas à população brasileira.


Assuntos
Ciências da Nutrição/métodos , Dieta/métodos , Dieta Saudável
4.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48498

RESUMO

Estudo conduzido por pesquisadora do Nupens aponta para o conflito de interesses no patrocínio de convenções e congressos


Assuntos
Ciências da Nutrição , América Latina , Região do Caribe , Conflito de Interesses/legislação & jurisprudência
5.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(9)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577781

RESUMO

Two recent studies of the health effects of vegetarian diets reported conflicting results: the EPIC-Oxford study reported a significant increase in strokes among vegetarians compared to meat-eaters among a predominantly Caucasian cohort, while another, performed on Taiwanese Buddhists, reported significantly lower incidence of strokes among vegetarians. This was doubly puzzling given the pronounced decrease in cardiovascular events among the EPIC-Oxford group. In this article, we make a detailed comparison of the actual dietary intake of various food groups by the cohorts in these studies. We then use the nutritional principles of Ayurveda-traditional Indian medicine-to show how these apparently contradictory results may be explained. Systems of traditional medicine such as Ayurveda possess profound knowledge of the effects of food on physiology. Ayurveda takes into account not just the type of food, but also multiple other factors such as taste, temperature, and time of consumption. Traditional cuisines have evolved hand in hand with such systems of medicine to optimize nutrition in the context of local climate and food availability. Harnessing the experiential wisdom of these traditional systems to create an integrative nutrition science would help fight the ongoing epidemic of chronic lifestyle diseases, and improve health and wellness.


Assuntos
Dieta , Ciências da Nutrição , Dieta Vegetariana , Humanos , Carne , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(11): 2993-3003, 2021 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518088

RESUMO

Epidemiological evidence has confirmed the potential causal relationship between specific dietary factors and non-communicable diseases. However, currently nutrition was shown to be insufficiently integrated into medical education, regardless of the country. Without an adequate nutrition education, it is reasonable to assume that future physicians, as well as other health care professionals, will be not able to provide the highest quality care to patients in preventing and treating non-communicable diseases. Furthermore, the insufficient availability of physicians with specializations in nutrition has posed the basis for the development of non-medical careers in the field of nutrition. The present document was drafting by the Italian College of Academic Nutritionists, MED-49 (ICAN-49), with the aim to provide an overview on the nutritional competency standards covered by several health care professionals (Physicians Clinical Nutrition Specialists, Clinical Dietitians, Professional Clinical Nutrition Specialists, etc) for the prevention of diseases and/or support of pharmacological therapies. The aim of the ICAN 49 is to suggest a major shift in practice opportunities and roles for many nutritionists, especially for the management of the metabolic diseases, and promote a paradigm change: a clinical and educational leadership role for Physician Clinical Nutrition Specialists in the hospital setting.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/educação , Doenças Metabólicas/dietoterapia , Terapia Nutricional , Ciências da Nutrição/educação , Estado Nutricional , Nutricionistas/educação , Competência Clínica/normas , Consenso , Hospitalização , Humanos , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/normas , Doenças Metabólicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Metabólicas/fisiopatologia , Terapia Nutricional/normas , Ciências da Nutrição/normas , Nutricionistas/normas , Especialização , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig ; 72(3): 321-326, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553886

RESUMO

The use of dietary supplements (supplementation) is the individual enrichment of the diet with ingredients naturally occurring in food. As a rule, dietary supplements should be used periodically. In nutritional practice, there are many indications for dietary supplementation, but the decision to take dietary supplements should be made by consumers wisely and only in justified situations, when there is a risk that the usual diet does not provide vitamins and minerals in an amount adequate to meet dietary recommendations. However, we should remember about the real dangers of taking too large doses of vitamins and minerals. Many people using dietary supplements, especially several types at the same time, may experience undesirable side effects and deterioration of health, and in addition, people taking medicines may seriously disrupt or weaken the effect of the drug, or even lack the therapeutic effect of the drug. The document presents 10 steps and rules for the use of dietary supplements available on the market, which are addressed to the general population.


Assuntos
Ciências da Nutrição , Vitaminas , Adulto , Suplementos Nutricionais , Humanos , Minerais , Polônia
8.
Nutrients ; 13(9)2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579168

RESUMO

In any research field, data access and data integration are major challenges that even large, well-established consortia face. Although data sharing initiatives are increasing, joint data analyses on nutrition and microbiomics in health and disease are still scarce. We aimed to identify observational studies with data on nutrition and gut microbiome composition from the Intestinal Microbiomics (INTIMIC) Knowledge Platform following the findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR) principles. An adapted template from the European Nutritional Phenotype Assessment and Data Sharing Initiative (ENPADASI) consortium was used to collect microbiome-specific information and other related factors. In total, 23 studies (17 longitudinal and 6 cross-sectional) were identified from Italy (7), Germany (6), Netherlands (3), Spain (2), Belgium (1), and France (1) or multiple countries (3). Of these, 21 studies collected information on both dietary intake (24 h dietary recall, food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), or Food Records) and gut microbiome. All studies collected stool samples. The most often used sequencing platform was Illumina MiSeq, and the preferred hypervariable regions of the 16S rRNA gene were V3-V4 or V4. The combination of datasets will allow for sufficiently powered investigations to increase the knowledge and understanding of the relationship between food and gut microbiome in health and disease.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Ciências da Nutrição , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Inquéritos sobre Dietas/métodos , Ingestão de Alimentos , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Metadados , Inquéritos Nutricionais/métodos , Ciências da Nutrição/métodos
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576251

RESUMO

Vitamin E is often associated with health benefits, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cholesterol-lowering effects. These properties make its supplementation a suitable therapeutic approach in neurodegenerative disorders, for example, Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease. However, trials evaluating the effects of vitamin E supplementation are inconsistent. In randomized controlled trials, the observed associations often cannot be substantiated. This could be due to the wide variety of study designs regarding the dosage and duration of vitamin E supplementation. Furthermore, genetic variants can influence vitamin E uptake and/or metabolism, thereby distorting its overall effect. Recent studies also show adverse effects of vitamin E supplementation regarding Alzheimer's disease due to the increased synthesis of amyloid ß. These diverse effects may underline the inhomogeneous outcomes associated with its supplementation and argue for a more thoughtful usage of vitamin E. Specifically, the genetic and nutritional profile should be taken into consideration to identify suitable candidates who will benefit from supplementation. In this review, we will provide an overview of the current knowledge of vitamin E supplementation in neurodegenerative disease and give an outlook on individualized, sustainable neuro-nutrition, with a focus on vitamin E supplementation.


Assuntos
Doenças Neurodegenerativas/genética , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Ciências da Nutrição , Estado Nutricional , Vitamina E/química , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes , Colesterol/química , Suplementos Nutricionais , Variação Genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Ratos
10.
Nutrients ; 13(9)2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579158

RESUMO

There has been a proliferation of digital health interventions (DHIs) targeting dietary intake. Despite their potential, the effectiveness of DHIs are thought to be dependent, in part, on user engagement. However, the relationship between engagement and the effectiveness of dietary DHIs is not well understood. The aim of this review is to describe the association between DHI engagement and dietary intake. A systematic search of four electronic databases and grey literature for records published before December 2019 was conducted. Studies were eligible if they examined a quantitative association between objective measures of engagement with a DHI (subjective experience or usage) and measures of dietary intake in adults (aged ≥18 years). From 10,653 citations, seven studies were included. Five studies included usage measures of engagement and two examined subjective experiences. Narrative synthesis, using vote counting, found mixed evidence of an association with usage measures (5 of 12 associations indicated a positive relationship, 7 were inconclusive) and no evidence regarding an association with subjective experience (both studies were inconclusive). The findings provide early evidence supporting an association between measures of usage and dietary intake; however, this was inconsistent. Further research examining the association between DHI engagement and dietary intake is warranted.


Assuntos
Dieta/métodos , Tecnologia Digital/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Humanos , Intervenção Baseada em Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ciências da Nutrição/métodos , Saúde Pública , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371814

RESUMO

Food insecurity is an emerging issue for college students. A nutrition course with an integrated teaching kitchen was developed to address this issue at a large public university. We aimed to determine changes in food insecurity and stress among students who took the course. The course consisted of weekly lectures followed by teaching kitchen lab sessions to teach basic nutrition and culinary concepts and expose students to hands-on skill development cooking experiences. Using a pre-post design, enrolled students completed an anonymous online survey at the beginning and the end of the semester. Food security was assessed with the USDA Six-Item Food Security Module; stress was measured using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Pre- and post-data were linked for 171 participants. Paired data statistical analysis comparing the post- vs. the pre-test showed an increase in food security and a decrease in very low security rates (from 48% to 70%, and from 23% to 6%, respectively; p < 0.0001), and a decrease on the average PSS score, indicating lower stress (from (Mean ± SD) 19.7 ± 5.9 to 18.1 ± 6.0; p = 0.0001). A nutrition and culinary course may be an effective response to food insecurity and could potentially improve students' wellbeing.


Assuntos
Insegurança Alimentar , Abastecimento de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Ciências da Nutrição/educação , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Culinária , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
12.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444873

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a seven-week nutrition education intervention on the sports nutrition knowledge (SNK) of highly trained UK adolescent swimmers. Fifteen national and international adolescent swimmers (males = 5; females = 10, 15.5 ± 1.1 years, 170.2 ± 7.5 cm, 60.3 ± 5.7 kg) participated in the study during seven consecutive weeks of the competitive swimming season. The participants received 30 min of nutrition education once per week in a classroom-based setting after they had completed their regular swim training. An undergraduate sports nutrition student delivered all nutrition education sessions and SNK questionnaires were administered to the participants pre- and post-intervention. The mean total SNK score improved by 8.3% (SD = 8.4%, 95% CI = 4.1-12.6; p = 0.006; ES = 1.0) following the nutrition education sessions. On an individual basis, ten swimmers significantly improved their total SNK score, whereas four swimmers did not improve, and one swimmer performed significantly worse after the intervention. Moreover, the swimmers' knowledge of hydration improved by 22.2% (SD = 20.6%, 95% CI = 11.8-32.6, p = 0.004, ES = 1.1) over the seven-week timeframe, which was the only nutrition topic to have a significantly increased knowledge score. The current study therefore suggests that a nutrition education intervention can positively influence the SNK of highly trained adolescent swimmers.


Assuntos
Atletas/educação , Dieta Saudável , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Ciências da Nutrição/educação , Condicionamento Físico Humano , Natação , Adolescente , Atletas/psicologia , Comportamento Competitivo , Estudos Transversais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Valor Nutritivo , Recomendações Nutricionais , Reino Unido
14.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205362

RESUMO

Modification of lifestyle, including healthy nutrition, is the primary approach for metabolic syndrome (MetS) therapy. The aim of this study was to estimate how individual nutrition intervention affects the reduction of MetS components. Subjects diagnosed with MetS were recruited in the Lomza Medical Centre. The study group consisted of 90 participants and was divided into one intervention group (individual nutrition education group (INEG)) and one control group (CG). The research was conducted over 3 months. The following measurements were obtained during the first visit and after completion of the 3 months intervention: body mass, waist circumference, body composition, blood pressure, fasting glucose, and blood lipids. Dietary assessments were performed before and post-intervention using 3-day 24-h dietary recalls. Dietary knowledge was evaluated with the KomPAN questionnaire. The total polyphenol content of the diet was calculated. Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics were collected from a self-reported questionnaire. The physical activity was assessed by the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). It was found that the individual nutrition education was an effective method to improve the knowledge, dietary habits, and physical activity of the study participants. The modification of the diet in terms of higher intake of polyphenols (flavonoids and anthocyanins), fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), PUFA n-3, and lower intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) had a significant impact on the improvement of some MetS risk factors (waist circumference, fasting glucose, and HDL-cholesterol).


Assuntos
Dieta , Síndrome Metabólica/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Flavonoides/administração & dosagem , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ciências da Nutrição/educação , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Polifenóis/administração & dosagem , Circunferência da Cintura
15.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205403

RESUMO

Despite growing evidence of the benefits of adequate intake of fruit and vegetables (F&V) and the recommendation to consume five servings daily, the adoption of these habits is poor among people with severe mental disorder (SMD). The main aim of the present study is to determine changes in the intake of F&V and motivation to do so among people with SMDs after participating in a food education programme. A community-based randomized controlled trial was conducted in Spain, with the intervention group (IG) participating in a food education programme based on the stages of change model to promote consumption of F&V and the control group (CG) receiving three informative sessions on basic healthy eating. The main outcomes were related to the intake of F&V and stages of change. Data collection was performed at baseline, post intervention, and 12-month follow-up. Seventy-four participants enrolled in the study and sixty completed the 12-month follow-up. An increase in motivation towards the intake of F&V was observed in the IG but not in the CG (McNemar's test p = 0.016, p = 0.625). No significant difference was observed for the intake of fruit, vegetables, or F&V. Basing food education strategies on the stages of change model shows positive results, increasing the awareness and disposition of people with SMD towards the intake of F&V. More research is needed to identify the most appropriate eating intervention to increase the intake of F&V.


Assuntos
Frutas , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Transtornos Mentais/dietoterapia , Modelo Transteórico , Verduras , Adulto , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Ciências da Nutrição/educação , Estado Nutricional , Espanha
16.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34208265

RESUMO

The fundamental role of diet in maximizing human health and utility is now universally recognized [...].


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde , Ciências da Nutrição/educação , Pesquisa , Humanos
17.
J Nutr Educ Behav ; 53(7): 551, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246408
18.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 114(4): 1280-1285, 2021 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258613

RESUMO

Two questions regarding the scientific literature have become grist for public discussion: 1) what place should P values have in reporting the results of studies? 2) How should the perceived difficulty in replicating the results reported in published studies be addressed? We consider these questions to be 2 sides of the same coin; failing to address them can lead to an incomplete or incorrect message being sent to the reader. If P values (which are derived from the estimate of the effect size and a measure of the precision of the estimate of the effect) are used improperly, for example reporting only significant findings, or reporting P values without account for multiple comparisons, or failing to indicate the number of tests performed, the scientific record can be biased. Moreover, if there is a lack of transparency in the conduct of a study and reporting of study results, it will not be possible to repeat a study in a manner that allows inferences from the original study to be reproduced or to design and conduct a different experiment whose aim is to confirm the original study's findings. The goal of this article is to discuss how P values can be used in a manner that is consistent with the scientific method, and to increase transparency and reproducibility in the conduct and analysis of nutrition research.


Assuntos
Revelação , Ciências da Nutrição , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Editoração/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Projetos de Pesquisa , Políticas Editoriais , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
19.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072133

RESUMO

Nutrition informatics (NI) is the effective retrieval, organization, storage, and optimum use of information, data and knowledge for food-and-nutrition-related problem-solving and decision-making. There is a growing opportunity to facilitate technology-enabled behavioral change interventions to support NI research and practice. This paper highlights the changing landscape of food and nutrition practices in India to prepare a NI workforce that could provide some valuable tools to address the double burden of nutrition. Management and interpretation of data could help clarify the relationships and interrelationships of diet and disease in India on both national and regional levels. Individuals with expertise in food and nutrition may receive training in informatics to develop national informatics systems. NI professionals develop tools and techniques, manage various projects and conduct informatics research. These professionals should be well prepared to work in technological settings and communicate data and information effectively. Opportunities for training in NI are very limited in developing countries. Given the current progress in developing platforms and informatics infrastructure, India could serve as an example to other countries to promote NI to support achieving SDGs and other public health initiatives.


Assuntos
Informática , Ciências da Nutrição , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Humanos , Índia
20.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1303, tab, fig
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280367

RESUMO

Introducción: La diabetes mellitus tipo 1 es una enfermedad metabólica órgano específica caracterizada por la destrucción y pérdida progresiva de las células β de los islotes pancreáticos. Objetivo: Evaluar la alimentación, nutrición y actividad física según el control metabólico en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1. Métodos: Estudio de evaluación con diseño transversal en 81 pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Pediátrico Universitario "William Soler", de 2016 a 2019. Los pacientes se distribuyeron en dos grupos según los valores de la hemoglobina glicosilada (control metabólico: n=39 y sin control metabólico: n=42). Se midieron variables de: alimentación, nutrición y actividad física por medio de análisis inferencial (análisis de varianza, Ji-cuadrada de independencia corregida. Resultados: La media de hemoglobina glicosilada en diabéticos controlados fue 6,1 por ciento y en no controlados 11,0 por ciento, significativamente diferentes (p= 0,000). El sexo femenino y los adolescentes superaron 50 por ciento tanto en controlados como en no controlados. La lactancia materna fue inadecuada (> 60 por ciento), los diabéticos eutróficos fueron más de 70 por ciento, el comienzo de la alimentación fue precoz (> 45 por ciento), el control metabólico, dependiente de la calidad de la dieta y la actividad física En el control metabólico inadecuado: 47, 6 por ciento ( 5 años practicaban ejercicios menos de 3 veces por semana y 52,4 por ciento consumían dieta hipercalórica. Conclusión: La actividad física y la calidad de la dieta influyen en el control metabólico de los pacientes diabéticos estudiados(AU)


Introduction: Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a specific organ metabolic disease characterized by the progressive destruction and loss of pancreatic β cells. Objective: Asses the diet, nutrition and physical activity according to metabolic control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Assessment study with cross-sectional design in 81 patients attended at "William Soler" University Pediatric Hospital, from 2016 to 2019. Patients were distributed in two groups according to the values of glycosylated hemoglobin (metabolic control: n=39, and without metabolic control: n=42). The following variables were measured: food, nutrition and physical activity through inferential analysis (variance analysis, Ji-square´s corrected independence, contingency coefficient and odds ratio). Results: The mean of glycosylated hemoglobin in controlled diabetics was 6.1 percent and in non-controlled ones it was 11.0 percent; significantly different (p= 0.000). The female sex and the adolescents exceeded the 50 percent in both controlled and non-controlled groups, respectively. Breastfeeding was inadequate (> 60 percent), eutrophic diabetics were more than 70 percent, the start of feeding was early (> 45 percent), metabolic control was dependent on diet quality and physical activity. In the inadequate metabolic control: 47.6 percent ( 5 years exercised less than 3 times per week and 52.4 percent consumed a high calorie diet. Conclusion: Physical activity and diet quality influence metabolic control of diabetes in the studied population(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Ciências da Nutrição , Hospitais Pediátricos
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