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1.
Mol Med Rep ; 27(2)2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633126

RESUMO

Obesity is a serious medical condition worldwide, and a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, cancer and cardiovascular disease. In addition to changes in dietary habits and physical activity, consuming supplements to maintain good health and prevent obesity is important in modern society. Raspberry ketone (RK) is a natural phenolic ketone found in the European red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) and is hypothesized to prevent obesity when administered orally. The present study found that RK was reduced to rhododendrol (ROH) in human liver microsomes and cytosol. The present study investigated whether the metabolite ROH had anti­adipogenic effects using mouse 3T3­L1 cells. The effects of ROH or RK on lipid accumulation during differentiation of 3T3­L1 pre­adipocyte into adipocyte were determined using Oil Red O staining. CCAAT enhancer­binding protein α (C/EBPα) and peroxisome proliferator­activated receptor γ (PPARγ) mRNA and protein expression were examined using reverse transcription­quantitative PCR and western blotting analysis, respectively. The present study revealed that ROH suppressed lipid accumulation in the cells, similar to RK. In addition, ROH suppressed the mRNA expression levels of C/EBPα and PPARγ in 3T3­L1 adipocytes. Furthermore, ROH suppressed PPARγ protein expression in 3T3­L1 adipocytes. These findings suggested that ROH is an active metabolite with an anti­adipogenic effect, which may contribute to the anti­obesity effect of orally administered RK. The present study indicated that it is important to understand the biological activity of the metabolites of orally administered compounds.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , PPAR gama , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Células 3T3-L1 , PPAR gama/genética , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Adipogenia , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Butanóis/metabolismo , Butanóis/farmacologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Proteína alfa Estimuladora de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo
2.
Lipids Health Dis ; 22(1): 1, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), especially nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) increases the risk for liver cirrhosis. Noninvasive tests for NAFLD/NASH exist, but they are unreliable and thus liver biopsy remains the standard for diagnosis and new noninvasive diagnostic approaches are of great interest. The aim of this study was to test whether the serum levels of fatty acid-binding protein-4 (FABP4) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) could be used as a diagnostic tool for NASH. METHODS: Patients who underwent bariatric surgery and simultaneous liver biopsy were identified. Biopsies were assigned a NAFLD activity score (NAS). MMP9- and FABP4- Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assays (ELISAs) on serum samples were performed. The serum levels of FABP4/MMP9 were compared and different models to predict NASH were developed. RESULTS: A total of 84 patients were included, 28 patients (33.3%) were diagnosed with NASH. Higher concentrations of MMP9 in NASH patients (p < 0.01) were detected. FABP4 concentrations were not significantly increased. A moderate correlation between the NAS and MMP9 concentrations (r = 0.32, P < 0.01) was observed. The neural network model fit best with the dataset, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 83% and an accuracy of 88%. CONCLUSION: Serum MMP9 levels are increased in patients with NASH and should routinely be measured in patients with obesity, but further investigations are needed to improve noninvasive NASH diagnosis.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Obesidade/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo , Biópsia , Fígado/patologia , Biomarcadores
3.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 23(1): 7, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Animal model studies suggest that change in the members of the suppressor of the cytokine signaling (SOCS) family (mainly SOCS1 and SOCS3) is linked to the pathogenesis of obesity-related metabolic disorders. Moreover, epigenetic modification is involved in the transcriptional regulation of the SOCS gene family. Here, we aimed to evaluate the mRNA expression as well as gene promoter methylation of SOCS1 and SOCS3 in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) from obese women compared to normal-weight subjects. We also intend to identify the possible association of SOCS1 and SOCS3 transcript levels with metabolic parameters in the context of obesity. METHODS: This study was conducted on women with obesity (n = 24) [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m 2] and women with normal-weight (n = 22) (BMI < 25 kg/m 2). Transcript levels of SOCS1 and SOCS3 were evaluated by real-time PCR in SAT from all participants. After bisulfite treatment of DNA, methylation-specific PCR was used to assess the putative methylation of 10 CpG sites in the promoter of SOCS1 and 13 CpG sites in SOCS3 in SAT from women with obesity and normal weight. RESULTS: It was found that unlike SOCS3, which disclosed an elevating expression pattern, the expression level of SOCS1 was lower in the women with obesity as compared with their non-obese counterparts (P-value = 0.03 for SOCS1 transcript level and P-value = 0.011 for SOCS3 transcript level). As for the analysis of promoter methylation, it was found that SOCS1 and SOCS3 methylation were not significantly different between the individuals with obesity and normal weight (P-value = 0.45 and P-value = 0.89). Correlation analysis indicated that the transcript level of SOCS1 mRNA expression had an inverse correlation with BMI, hs-CRP levels, HOMA-IR, and insulin levels. However, the SOCS3 transcript level showed a positive correlation with BMI, waist-to-height ratio, waist circumference, hip circumference, hs-CRP, HOMA-IR, insulin, fasting blood glucose, and total cholesterol. Interestingly, HOMA-IR is the predictor of the transcript level of SOCS1 (ß = - 0.448, P-value = 0.003) and SOCS3 (ß = 0.465, P-value = 0.002) in SAT of all participants. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings point to alterations of SOCS1 and SOCS3 transcript levels, but not promoter methylation levels in subcutaneous adipose tissues from women with obesity. Moreover, mRNA expression of SOCS1 and SOCS3 in SAT was associated with known obesity indices, insulin resistance, and hs-CRP, suggesting the contribution of SOCS1 and SOCS3 in the pathogenesis of obesity-related metabolic abnormalities. However, further studies are required to establish this concept.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa , Metilação de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo , Gordura Subcutânea , Insulina/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocina/genética , Proteína 1 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocina/metabolismo , Proteína 3 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocinas/genética , Proteína 3 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocinas/metabolismo
4.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 18(1): 6, 2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery is associated with serious complication and high risk of mortality. The relationship between hemostatic system and the prognosis of patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) has not been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between preoperative serum fibrinogen level and risk of postoperative AKI in patients with ATAAD. METHODS: A total of 172 consecutive patients undergoing urgent aortic arch surgery for ATAAD between April 2020 and December 2021 were identified from Beijing Anzhen Hospital aortic surgery database. The primary outcome was postoperative AKI as defined by the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were done to assess the independent predictors of risk for postoperative AKI. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was generated to evaluate the predictive probabilities of risk factors for AKI. RESULTS: In our study, 51.2% (88/172) patients developed postoperative AKI. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified low preoperative serum fibrinogen level (OR, 1.492; 95% CI, 1.023 to 2.476; p = 0.021) and increased body mass index (BMI) (OR, 1.153; 95% CI, 1.003 to 1.327; p = 0.046) as independent predictors of postoperative AKI in patients with ATAAD. A mixed effect analysis of variance modeling revealed that obese patients with low preoperative serum fibrinogen level had higher incidence of postoperative AKI (p = 0.04). The ROC curve indicated that low preoperative serum fibrinogen level was a significant predictor of AKI [area under the curve (AUC), 0.771; p < 0.001]. CONCLUSIONS: Low preoperative serum fibrinogen level and obesity were associated with the risk of postoperative AKI in patients with ATAAD. These data suggested that low preoperative serum fibrinogen level was preferred marker for predicting the postoperative AKI, especially in obese patients with ATAAD.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , /cirurgia , Fibrinogênio
5.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 304, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609582

RESUMO

Obesity has negative effects on comorbidities, health-related quality of life and survival. Telomere length (TL) changes after bariatric surgery have been reported, but the studies are contradictory, and analyses using state-of-the art techniques for TL measurement, such as flow-FISH, are sparse. We measured TL dynamics via flow-FISH in patients undergoing bariatric surgery and compared their TL with 105 healthy individuals. Patients with obesity who underwent bariatric surgery were included. Lymphocyte and granulocyte absolute and age-adjusted (aa) TL were analyzed by flow-FISH before (preoperative cohort, n = 45) and after surgery (follow-up cohort, n = 35) at month 5.5 ± 3.9 (mean ± standard deviation [SD]). The initial lymphocyte aaTL was significantly shorter (-0.37 kb ± 0.18 kb, P = 0.045) in patients with obesity, while the granulocyte aaTL was not different from that in the healthy comparison population (0.28 kb ± 0.17 kb, P = 0.11). The telomere dynamics after surgery showed an increase in mean TL in both lymphocytes and granulocytes of patients with a pronounced BMI loss of ≥ 10 kg/m2. We did not find any association between TL increase after surgery and age, sex or the type of procedure selected for bariatric surgery. We confirmed that patients suffering from obesity have significantly shorter lymphocyte TL using flow-FISH. Along with and dependent on the degree of weight reduction after bariatric surgery, TL significantly increased in both lymphocytes and granulocytes after a mean of 5.5 months. Our results show that bariatric surgery affects not only body weight but also biomarkers of aging, such as TL.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Obesidade/cirurgia , Telômero
6.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 408(1): 9, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety, weight loss, and metabolic outcomes of patients with obesity with sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or sleeve gastrectomy plus uncut jejunojejunal bypass (SG-uncut JJB). METHODS: This prospective study included patients with BMIs ≥ 32.5 kg/m2 or refractory metabolic disorders undergoing SG or SG-uncut JJB between January and December 2020 in our hospital (NCT04534504). Weight loss, metabolic outcomes, surgical results, and complaints during 1-year follow-up were compared between two groups. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients were enrolled, 26 in the SG and 21 in the SG-uncut JJB groups. A longer operative time was observed in the SG-uncut JJB than in the SG group (140 (110-180) min vs. 90 (70-180) min, P = 0.001). No significant differences were found in complications. Total weight loss (TWL%) and excess weight loss (EWL%) in both groups increased with the duration of follow-up (P = 0.001). TWL% was greater at 1 month ((11.1 ± 2.4)% vs. (8.2 ± 4.4)%, P = 0.011] and 12 months [(29.7 ± 6.9)% vs. (20.3 ± 7.2)%, P = 0.001) with SG-uncut JJB than with SG. SG-uncut JJB and SG had similar metabolic outcomes and complaints during the 1-year follow-up, but less nausea was reported with SG-uncut JJB (9.2% vs. 46.2%, P = 0.006). CONCLUSION: In short-term follow-up, SG-uncut JJB was a safe and effective bariatric surgery procedure in patients with obesity.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Derivação Gástrica , Obesidade , Humanos , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Obesidade/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Redução de Peso
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614270

RESUMO

Obesity is associated with metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), further increasing an already heightened cardiovascular risk. Here, amongst obese class III bariatric surgery patients, we have investigated the effect of T2DM in serum and in two, same patient, adipose tissue (AT) depots through proteomic profile expression analyses. Serum and AT samples from subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral (VAT) fat were collected during bariatric surgery. Bead-based targeted multiplex assay systems were used to simultaneously detect and quantify multiple targets in serum samples (targeted proteomics) and analyze changes in adipokine serum composition. AT samples were assessed through an untargeted proteomics approach. Through a systems biology analysis of the proteomic data, information on the affected biological pathways was acquired. In obese class III individuals, the presence of T2DM induced a significantly higher systemic release of ghrelin, GLP-1, glucagon, MMP3, BAFF, chitinase 3-like 1, TNF-R1 and TNF-R2, and a lower systemic release of IL-8. SAT and VAT proteomes belonging to the same patient showed significant differences in local protein content. While the proteins upregulated in VAT were indicative of metabolic dysregulation, SAT protein upregulation suggested adequate endocrine regulation. The presence of T2DM significantly affected VAT protein composition through the upregulation of dysregulating metabolic pathways, but SAT protein composition was not significantly modified. Our results show that T2DM induces metabolic dysregulation in obese individuals with changes in systemic marker levels and impairment of proteostasis in VAT but not in SAT.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Gordura Subcutânea/metabolismo , Proteômica , Biologia de Sistemas , Obesidade/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/metabolismo
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36614300

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) represents a multifactorial metabolic disease with a strong genetic predisposition. Despite elaborate efforts in identifying the genetic variants determining individual susceptibility towards T2D, the majority of genetic factors driving disease development remain poorly understood. With the aim to identify novel T2D risk genes we previously generated an N2 outcross population using the two inbred mouse strains New Zealand obese (NZO) and C3HeB/FeJ (C3H). A linkage study performed in this population led to the identification of the novel T2D-associated quantitative trait locus (QTL) Nbg15 (NZO blood glucose on chromosome 15, Logarithm of odds (LOD) 6.6). In this study we used a combined approach of positional cloning, gene expression analyses and in silico predictions of DNA polymorphism on gene/protein function to dissect the genetic variants linking Nbg15 to the development of T2D. Moreover, we have generated congenic strains that associated the distal sublocus of Nbg15 to mechanisms altering pancreatic beta cell function. In this sublocus, Cbx6, Fam135b and Kdelr3 were nominated as potential causative genes associated with the Nbg15 driven effects. Moreover, a putative mutation in the Kdelr3 gene from NZO was identified, negatively influencing adaptive responses associated with pancreatic beta cell death and induction of endoplasmic reticulum stress. Importantly, knockdown of Kdelr3 in cultured Min6 beta cells altered insulin granules maturation and pro-insulin levels, pointing towards a crucial role of this gene in islets function and T2D susceptibility.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Células Secretoras de Insulina , Camundongos , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Camundongos Obesos , Nova Zelândia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C3H , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo , Insulina/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo
10.
World J Gastroenterol ; 29(2): 367-377, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36687116

RESUMO

The pandemics of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) coexist. Elevated liver function tests are frequent in COVID-19 and may influence liver damage in NAFLD, while preexisting liver damage from NAFLD may influence the course of COVID-19. However, the prognostic relevance of this interaction, though, is unclear. Obesity is a risk factor for the presence of NAFLD as well as a severe course of COVID-19. Cohort studies reveal conflicting results regarding the influence of NAFLD presence on COVID-19 illness severity. Striking molecular similarities of cytokine pathways in both diseases, including postacute sequelae of COVID-19, suggest common pathways for chronic low-activity inflammation. This review will summarize existing data regarding the interaction of both diseases and discuss possible mechanisms of the influence of one disease on the other.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Inflamação/metabolismo , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo
11.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 307, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658113

RESUMO

Obesity remains an unmet global health burden. Detrimental anatomical distribution of body fat is a major driver of obesity-mediated mortality risk and is demonstrably heritable. However, our understanding of the full genetic contribution to human adiposity is incomplete, as few studies measure adiposity directly. To address this, we impute whole-body imaging adiposity phenotypes in UK Biobank from the 4,366 directly measured participants onto the rest of the cohort, greatly increasing our discovery power. Using these imputed phenotypes in 392,535 participants yielded hundreds of genome-wide significant associations, six of which replicate in independent cohorts. The leading causal gene candidate, ADAMTS14, is further investigated in a mouse knockout model. Concordant with the human association data, the Adamts14-/- mice exhibit reduced adiposity and weight-gain under obesogenic conditions, alongside an improved metabolic rate and health. Thus, we show that phenotypic imputation at scale offers deeper biological insights into the genetics of human adiposity that could lead to therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAMTS , Adiposidade , Obesidade , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteínas ADAMTS/genética , Adiposidade/genética , Índice de Massa Corporal , Genoma , Obesidade/genética , Fenótipo , Aumento de Peso/genética , Camundongos Knockout
12.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 53: 43-52, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Resting energy expenditure (REE) is a major component of energy balance. While REE is usually indexed to total body weight (BW), this may introduce biases when assessing REE in obesity or during weight loss intervention. The main objective of the study was to quantify the bias introduced by ratiometric scaling of REE using BW both at baseline and following weight loss intervention. DESIGN: Participants in the DIETFITS Study (Diet Intervention Examining The Factors Interacting with Treatment Success) who completed indirect calorimetry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were included in the study. Data were available in 438 participants at baseline, 340 at 6 months and 323 at 12 months. We used multiplicative allometric modeling based on lean body mass (LBM) and fat mass (FM) to derive body size independent scaling of REE. Longitudinal changes in indexed REE were then assessed following weight loss intervention. RESULTS: A multiplicative model including LBM, FM, age, Black race and the double product (DP) of systolic blood pressure and heart rate explained 79% of variance in REE. REE indexed to [LBM0.66 × FM0.066] was body size and sex independent (p = 0.91 and p = 0.73, respectively) in contrast to BW based indexing which showed a significant inverse relationship to BW (r = -0.47 for female and r = -0.44 for male, both p < 0.001). When indexed to BW, significant baseline differences in REE were observed between male and female (p < 0.001) and between individuals who are overweight and obese (p < 0.001) while no significant differences were observed when indexed to REE/[LBM0.66 × FM0.066], p > 0.05). Percentage predicted REE adjusted for LBM, FM and DP remained stable following weight loss intervention (p = 0.614). CONCLUSION: Allometric scaling of REE based on LBM and FM removes body composition-associated biases and should be considered in obesity and weight-based intervention studies.


Assuntos
Metabolismo Basal , Metabolismo Energético , Obesidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Obesidade/terapia , Sobrepeso , Redução de Peso/fisiologia
13.
Sci Adv ; 9(2): eadd5163, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638183

RESUMO

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) precursor nicotinamide riboside (NR) has emerged as a promising compound to improve obesity-associated mitochondrial dysfunction and metabolic syndrome in mice. However, most short-term clinical trials conducted so far have not reported positive outcomes. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether long-term NR supplementation boosts mitochondrial biogenesis and metabolic health in humans. Twenty body mass index (BMI)-discordant monozygotic twin pairs were supplemented with an escalating dose of NR (250 to 1000 mg/day) for 5 months. NR improved systemic NAD+ metabolism, muscle mitochondrial number, myoblast differentiation, and gut microbiota composition in both cotwins. NR also showed a capacity to modulate epigenetic control of gene expression in muscle and adipose tissue in both cotwins. However, NR did not ameliorate adiposity or metabolic health. Overall, our results suggest that NR acts as a potent modifier of NAD+ metabolism, muscle mitochondrial biogenesis and stem cell function, gut microbiota, and DNA methylation in humans irrespective of BMI.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , NAD , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , NAD/metabolismo , Biogênese de Organelas , Obesidade/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673683

RESUMO

In recent years, the number of pregnant women with obesity has increased exponentially; thus, it is important to evaluate and characterize the physical activity levels of this specific group. The aim of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of the Physical Activity and Pregnancy Questionnaire and Pregnancy Questionnaire in pregnant women with obesity and to classify physical activity using the Physical Activity and Pregnancy Questionnaire and accelerometry. An analytical observational study was carried out between May and August of 2019 at the University Hospital Center of São João, with a sample of 31 pregnant women with obesity (30.9 ± 4.6 years 36.5 ± 4.6 kg/m2 of BMI and 21.5 ± 9 gestational weeks). The physical activity of participants was evaluated using an accelerometer and Physical Activity and Pregnancy Questionnaire at two time points (the first visit at the moment of consultation and the second seven days after, with accelerometer retest), the interclass correlation coefficient was used to test reliability between the Physical Activity and Pregnancy Questionnaire filled out at visit1 and the Physical Activity and Pregnancy Questionnaire filled out at visit2, and Pearson's correlation was used to determine validity between the Physical Activity and Pregnancy Questionnaire and accelerometry. The interclass correlation coefficient values for total activity were 0.95, 0.97 for moderate and 0.58 for vigorous intensities. It ranged from 0.74 for sports/exercise to 0.96 for domestic activities. The Pearson's correlations showed that the Physical Activity and Pregnancy Questionnaire is moderately valid for moderate intensity (r = 0.435). A total of 67.7% of the pregnant women complied with international physical activity recommendations.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Gestantes , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Portugal , Inquéritos e Questionários , Acelerometria , Obesidade
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673682

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the best cut-off of HbA1c for detection of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), beta-cell impairment and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) profile in overweight or obese (OW/OB) Caucasian youths. Two-hour oral glucose tolerance test was available in 1549 youths, one-hour glucose (G60) in 1430 youths and disposition index (DI) in 972 youths. Insulin resistance (IR) was calculated as Homeostatic Model Assessment for IR and insulin sensitivity (IS) as 1/fasting insulin. High G60 was defined by a value ≥ 133 mg/dL. The best cut-off of HbA1c for IFG or IGT was 5.5%. The frequency of individuals with HbA1c ≥ 5.5% was 32.5%, compared to 16.3% with HbA1c ≥ 5.7% (as proposed by the American Diabetes Association). HbA1c ≥ 5.5% showed higher sensitivity and lower specificity with respect to HbA1c ≥ 5.7% for all the abnormalities examined (IFG, IGT, high G60, IR, low IS, DI and CMR factors). In conclusion, this lower cut-off might represent a more appropriate screening marker of glucose dysmetabolism in youths with OW/OB. Prospective studies are needed to validate this cut-off for predicting prediabetes/diabetes in youths with OW/OB.


Assuntos
Intolerância à Glucose , Resistência à Insulina , Estado Pré-Diabético , Humanos , Adolescente , Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Sobrepeso/diagnóstico , Sobrepeso/complicações , Glicemia , Estudos Transversais , Intolerância à Glucose/diagnóstico , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/complicações , Glucose , Jejum
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673873

RESUMO

Weight loss surgery is linked to health benefits and may reduce the cost to the public healthcare systems. The aim of this study was to assess the cost and cost-structure in the one-year periods before and after a bariatric surgery in the Polish nationwide registry. The study included 2390 obese adults which underwent surgical treatment for obesity in 2017. The cost structure and the total costs per patient for one year before bariatric surgery, preoperatively, and for one year after surgery were analyzed. The total cost of the postoperative period was about PLN 3 million lower than during the preoperative period. After bariatric surgery, a reduction of approximately 59% in costs associated with hospital treatment was observed. The costs of outpatient specialist services, hospital treatment, psychiatric care, and addiction treatment also significantly decreased. There was a negative correlation between the changes in the cost of treatment of patients undergoing obesity surgery and their age. The health care cost during the period of one year after bariatric surgery is lower than in the year preceding the surgery (a greater cost difference is observed in younger people). This is mainly influenced by the reduction in costs associated with hospital treatment.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Obesidade Mórbida , Adulto , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Polônia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673895

RESUMO

Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is characterized by the combination of sarcopenia and obesity. This study evaluates the gender-specific prevalence of SO and examines the identified gender-specific risk factors in a community-dwelling elderly population aged 75-84 years. A total of 813 subjects participated in the study via the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The SO prevalence in males and females was 15.46% (95%CI: 11.36-20.70) and 13.59% (95%CI: 10.59-17.28), respectively. The clinical sex-specific risk factors for males were low height, high weight, body mass index, waist circumference, skeletal muscle index, fasting glucose, and triglycerides. The clinical risk factors for females were low height, high weight, body mass index, waist circumference, skeletal muscle index, smoking status, fasting glucose, total cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure. These results are essential to assist healthcare professionals and primary care clinicians with early detection, diagnosis, and intervention for potential SO patients by acknowledging the sex-based prevalence and risk factors.


Assuntos
Sarcopenia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Obesidade , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Massa Corporal , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
18.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677779

RESUMO

The roles of medium- and long-chain triacylglycerols (MLCT) on health benefits under high fat diet (HFD) conditions remain in dispute. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of novel LaPLa-rich MLCT on the glycolipid metabolism and gut microbiota in HFD-fed mice when pork fat is half replaced with MLCT and palm stearin (PS). The results showed that although MLCT could increase the body weight in the mouse model, it can improve the energy utilization, regulate the glucose and lipid metabolism, and inhibit the occurrence of inflammation. Furthermore, 16S rRNA gene sequencing of gut microbiota indicated that PS and MLCT affected the overall structure of the gut microbiota to a varying extent and specifically changed the abundance of some operational taxonomic units (OTUs). Moreover, several OTUs belonging to the genera Dorea, Streptococcus, and g_Eryipelotrichaceae had a high correlation with obesity and obesity-related metabolic disorders of the host. Therefore, it can be seen that this new MLCT has different properties and functions from the previous traditional MLCT, and it can better combine the advantages of MLCT, lauric acid, and sn-2 palmitate, as well as the advantages of health function and metabolism. In summary, this study explored the effects of LaPLa-enriched lipids on glycolipid metabolism in mice, providing theoretical support for future studies on the efficacy of different types of conjugated lipids, intending to apply them to industrial production and subsequent development of related products.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Camundongos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Peso Corporal , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Triglicerídeos/química , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Glicolipídeos/farmacologia
19.
Horm Metab Res ; 55(1): 7-24, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599357

RESUMO

Cardiometabolic disorders (CMD) is a constellation of metabolic predisposing factors for atherosclerosis such as insulin resistance (IR) or diabetes mellitus (DM), systemic hypertension, central obesity, and dyslipidemia. Cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) continue to be the leading cause of mortality in both developed and developing nations, accounting for over 32% of all fatalities globally each year. Furthermore, dyslipidemia, angina, arrhythmia, heart failure, myocardial infarction (MI), and diabetes mellitus are the major causes of death, accounting for an estimated 19 million deaths in 2012. CVDs will kill more than 23 million individuals each year by 2030. Nonetheless, new drug development (NDD) in CMDs has been increasingly difficult in recent decades due to increased costs and a lower success rate. Drug repositioning in CMDs looks promising in this scenario for launching current medicines for new therapeutic indications. Repositioning is an ancient method that dates back to the 1960s and is mostly based on coincidental findings during medication trials. One significant advantage of repositioning is that the drug's safety profile is well known, lowering the odds of failure owing to undesirable toxic effects. Furthermore, repositioning takes less time and money than NDD. Given these facts, pharmaceutical corporations are becoming more interested in medication repositioning. In this follow-up, we discussed the notion of repositioning and provided some examples of repositioned medications in cardiometabolic disorders.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus , Dislipidemias , Humanos , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Obesidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico
20.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 23(1): 3, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of present study was to determine whether obesity was associated with increased adverse outcomes after cardiac surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study from a large international database called the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III). Patients who underwent cardiac surgery and greater than 18 years old were divided into either nonobese (BMI < 30 kg/m2) or obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). The primary outcome of this study was 28-day mortality from the date of operation. Secondary outcomes included ICU mortality, 1-year mortality, incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF), hospital length of stay (HOS_LOS) and ventilation-free days within 28 days (VFD_28). RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed a negative effect of obesity on 28-day mortality, with an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 1.57 (95% CI 1.14-2.16; p = 0.005). The association remained significant when PSM analysis and double robust analysis with all covariates were performed. In terms of 28-day mortality, the mediating effect of longer ventilation duration on obese patients was noticeable, and the proportion of the effect mediated was 8.2% (95% CI 2.1-25.5%; p = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with cardiac surgery, obesity is associated with higher 28-day mortality. The longer ventilation duration may have mediated this effect. In future, considering the elevated incidence of the obese patients undergoing cardiac surgery, obesity stat should be included as one of the predictive variables for stratification of perioperative death risk.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Humanos , Adolescente , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Tempo de Internação
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