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1.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(9)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36143900

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Cervical cancer is a leading cause of mortality among women. Chemo-radiation followed by interventional radiotherapy (IRT) is the standard of care for stage IB-IVA FIGO. Several studies have shown that image-guided adaptive IRT resulted in excellent local and pelvic control, but it is associated with vaginal toxicity and intercourse problems. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the dysfunctions of the sexual sphere in patients with cervical cancer undergoing different cervix cancer treatments. Materials and Methods: We performed a comprehensive literature search using Pub med, Scopus and Cochrane to identify all the full articles evaluating the dysfunctions of the sexual sphere. ClinicalTrials.gov was searched for ongoing or recently completed trials, and PROSPERO was searched for ongoing or recently completed systematic reviews. Results: One thousand three hundred fifty-six women included in five studies published from 2016 to 2022 were analyzed. The median age was 50 years (range 46-56 years). The median follow-up was 12 months (range 0-60). Cervical cancer diagnosis and treatment (radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery) negatively affected sexual intercourse. Sexual symptoms such as fibrosis, strictures, decreased elasticity and depth and mucosal atrophy promote sexual dysfunction by causing frigidity, lack of lubrication, arousal, orgasm and libido and dyspareunia. Conclusions: Physical, physiological and social factors all contribute to the modification of the sexual sphere. Cervical cancer survivors who were irradiated have lower sexual and vaginal function than the normal population. Although there are cures for reducing discomfort, effective communication about sexual dysfunctions following treatment is essential.


Assuntos
Dispareunia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Dispareunia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Orgasmo , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/terapia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
2.
Clin Plast Surg ; 49(4): 495-504, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162944

RESUMO

Female sexual dysfunction is an umbrella term that encompasses several facets of sexuality in terms of desire, arousal, orgasm, and/or sexual pain. Persistent, recurrent problems with sexual arousal, desire, orgasm, or pain that distress the patient or strain the relationship with their partner are known as sexual dysfunction. Female sexual dysfunction can occur at any stage of life and can drastically curtail quality of life for many women. It is reasonable that all physicians, surgeons, and health care professionals have basic education and tools available to guide patients and to assist clinicians of possible causes and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas , Feminino , Humanos , Orgasmo , Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/terapia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/diagnóstico , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/etiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
J Sex Med ; 19(9): 1421-1430, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In women with overactive bladder (OAB), sexual dysfunctions and sexual satisfaction of their partners have been problems that are as important as urinary symptoms. AIM: To investigate the effects of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) on sexual dysfunction, sexual satisfaction of partners, urinary symptoms, and pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) in women with OAB. METHODS: Women with OAB were randomized into 2 groups: 6-week PFMT (n = 21) (home exercise program) and a control group (n = 22) (did not receive any treatment for OAB). OUTCOMES: Sexual dysfunction, sexual satisfaction of partner, urinary symptoms, and PFMS were assessed at baseline and after 6 weeks with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the OAB-Version8 (OAB-V8), and the Modified Oxford Scale (MOS), respectively. RESULTS: After 6 weeks, there was an increase in FSFI domains [desire (95% CI: 0.18 to 0.64; P:.001, d: 0.88); arousal (95% CI: 0.42 to 1.24, P:<.001, d: 1.17); orgasm (95% CI:0.85 to 1.47; P:<.001, d:1.89); satisfaction (95% CI: 0.85 to 1.44; P:<.001, d: 2.29); sexual pain (95% CI:0.80 to 1.52; P:<.001, d:1.47); total score (95% CI: 3.70 to 5.94; P:<.001, d: 2.55)], sexual satisfaction of partners (95% CI: 1.80 to 2.85; P:<.001, d:2.83) and PFMS scores (95% CI: 1.10 to 1.55; P:<.001, d:3.18), and a decrease in the OAB-V8 score (95% CI: -13.01 to -7.10; P:<.001, d:2.19) in the PFMT group compared to the control group. There was a significant decrease in sexual dysfunction in the PFMT group compared to the control group (P:.046). CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: In order to improve sexual function, sexual satisfaction of the partners, urinary symptoms, and PFMS in women with OAB, PFMT should be added to the rehabilitation program in clinics. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: The strength of this study was that it is a randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of PFMT in improving sexual function in OAB. The limitations of our study were the lack of a long-term (6 months-1 year) follow-up and the inability to blind. CONCLUSION: PFMT was effective in improving sexual dysfunction, sexual satisfaction of partners, urinary symptoms, and PFMS in women with OAB. Celenay ST, Karaaslan Y, Ozdemir E. Effects of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training on Sexual Dysfunction, Sexual Satisfaction of Partners, Urinary Symptoms, and Pelvic Floor Muscle Strength in Women With Overactive Bladder: A Randomized Controlled Study. J Sex Med 2022;19:1421-1430.


Assuntos
Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Força Muscular , Orgasmo , Diafragma da Pelve , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36011867

RESUMO

The validated tools for measuring sexual satisfaction (SS) assess in fact other phenomena such as sexual functioning, assess SS within the context of a romantic heterosexual relationship and intercourse-type activity or were designed to be applied only in therapeutic or rehabilitation contexts. Consequently, they offer an incomplete understanding of SS, particularly among women. We thus developed an alternative measure of SS, the Sexual Satisfaction Comprehensive Index (SSCI), considering both the individual and with-a-partner dimensions, as well as the actual and desired experiences of satisfaction, along with other dimensions affecting SS, and explored its psychometric properties. A total of 1080 young to mid-aged women with different sociodemographic, relationship and sexual identity backgrounds voluntarily completed several measures of SS, including the SSCI. Results showed that the SSCI is a reliable measure for assessing SS. An exploratory and a confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the latent multidimensional structure of the SSCI, supporting its factorial validity. In addition, the SSCI showed appropriate convergent validity with other measures commonly used to assess SS. In sum, the SSCI was revealed to be a useful multidimensional index of SS for research and practice contexts which allows the practitioner or the researcher to make decisions on which dimension(s) are to be evaluated. This study focused on women's SS, and future research with other gender, sexual and cultural identities is necessary to support its utility in multi-identity and multi-sexuality scenarios.


Assuntos
Orgasmo , Satisfação Pessoal , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
J Sex Med ; 19(9): 1479-1487, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35811288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The integrity of the neural pathways that link genital sensitive areas to the brain and the correlation with subjective sensations in transgender women with gender dysphoria after gender affirming surgery (GAS) have not been explored in detail and remain controversial, so far. AIM: To test with electrophysiology the integrity of the nervous paths after GAS, and to explore the relationship between genital sensitivity and self-perceived orgasmic intensity in transgender women after GAS. METHODS: Six patients who underwent GAS between 2016 and 2019 were enrolled in the study, and the evaluation of genital and pelvic neural pathways was performed. OUTCOMES: Genital sensory thresholds (at clitoral, vaginal, and anal sites) investigated by Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (SEP) and the intensity of orgasm (measured by a psychometric tool, the Orgasmometer) were combined to obtain an objective and subjective evaluation. RESULTS: SSEPs confirmed the integrity of the large diameter, dorsal column-lemniscus pathway subserving the genital area after GAS. Perceptual Threshold (PT) values were much lower at the neoclitoris compared to neovagina and anal sites. There was no correlation between Orgasmometer and SEP at anal and neovaginal level, while a trend was found at clitoral level. CLINICAL IMPLICATION: These findings could lead clinicians to a better understanding of postsurgical sexual life in transgender women in order to develop surgical techniques that could focus more on functional aspects of neovagina and neoclitoris. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: Limitations: study very preliminary/exploratory; small number of patients; no long-term follow-up. Strengths: first assessment of sensory pelvic floor innervation in transgender women after GAS; use of objective methods; first attempt at correlating objectives findings to subjective experience of the sexual orgasm. CONCLUSIONS: Our evaluation showed that SSEPs is a good indicator of neural sensitivity, especially in neoclitoris, and that these measurements were consistent with the analysis of self-perceived orgasmic intensity. Canale D, Molinaro A, Marcocci C, et al. Genital Sensitivity and Perceived Orgasmic Intensity in Transgender Women With Gender Dysphoria After Gender-Affirming Surgery: A Pilot Study Comparing Pelvic Floor Evoked Somatosensory Potentials and Patient Subjective Experience. J Sex Med 2022;19:1479-1487.


Assuntos
Disforia de Gênero , Pessoas Transgênero , Clitóris , Feminino , Humanos , Orgasmo , Diafragma da Pelve , Projetos Piloto
6.
J Sex Med ; 19(9): 1412-1420, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35869023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clitoral adhesions are characterized by adherence of preputial tissue to the glans clitoris and can be managed using a non-surgical approach in order to relieve symptoms of sexual dysfunction. AIM: To evaluate efficacy and patient satisfaction associated with the non-surgical lysis procedure in order to determine if it is an appropriate treatment for symptomatic clitoral adhesions. METHODS: The non-surgical lysis procedure is performed by using a fine Jacobsen mosquito forceps to separate the plane between the prepuce and the glans of the clitoris, removing smegma and/or keratin pearls from underneath the adhesions and allowing for visualization of the entire glans. A chart review of 61 women that were treated for clitoral adhesions using the non-surgical lysis procedure at 1 sexual medicine practice was performed and an online survey was sent to these patients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Encrypted survey responses were used to evaluate patient satisfaction as well as self-reported improvement in sexual functioning and pain before and after the procedure. RESULTS: 41 survey responses were received out of 61 eligible (67% response rate). A large majority reported improvement in pain (76%), sexual arousal (63%), and ability to achieve orgasm (64%) and no participants reported worsening in these symptoms. Of the 16 women that reported the inability to orgasm from external clitoral stimulation prior to the procedure, 6 (38%) were able to do so afterwards. Seventy-one percent of respondents reported improvement in their satisfaction with sex and 83% reported being satisfied with their decision to have the procedure. Ninety-three percent of participants reported that they would recommend this procedure to a friend with clitoral adhesions. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The results of this study will help clinicians to recognize the non-surgical lysis procedure as a treatment option for clitoral adhesions. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: This study is the first of its kind assessing a cohort of patients undergoing the non-surgical lysis procedure for clitoral adhesions. Its limitations include a small sample size from 1 clinic and lack of validated instrument to evaluate sexual function and pain before and after the procedure. CONCLUSION: Providers should regularly examine the clitoris of patients with symptoms of sexual dysfunction in order to determine if they have clitoral adhesions. The non-surgical lysis procedure may be a viable therapeutic option for these patients that has demonstrated both satisfaction and symptom relief. Myers MC, Romanello JP, Nico E, et al. A Retrospective Case Series on Patient Satisfaction and Efficacy of Non-Surgical Lysis of Clitoral Adhesions. J Sex Med 2022;19:1412-1420.


Assuntos
Clitóris , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas , Feminino , Humanos , Orgasmo , Dor , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805440

RESUMO

Background: Research suggested that the COVID-19 pandemic-related restrictions decreased sexual function and satisfaction. The present study examines the direct relationship between sexual satisfaction and restrictions during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in Poland between 3 September 2020 and 18 January 2021. A convenience sample of 1364 adults, aged 18-67 (M = 25.13, SD = 6.45), among whom 62.39% were women, and 23.17% were single, completed anonymous web-based survey. The Sexual Satisfaction Questionnaire (SSQ) and Stringency Index (IS) were used to assess sexual satisfaction and the level of restrictions during the pandemic, respectively. Results: No direct association was found between sexual satisfaction and the level of restrictions during the lockdown. Sexual satisfaction was significantly worse among single participants than those living in a couple. No gender differences were found in sexual satisfaction. Conclusions: Future studies should examine an indirect association between sexual satisfaction and restrictions during the pandemic via stress and anxiety. Single relationship status should be considered a risk factor for sexual satisfaction, so single individuals should be a target group for prevention programs during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Orgasmo , Pandemias
8.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(6): 3151-3167, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35790612

RESUMO

Despite many benefits related to masturbation, we know surprisingly little about how solo sex is associated with sexual satisfaction. Using questionnaire data from a probability-based sample of 4,160 Norwegians aged 18-89 years, we explored subgroups of women and men that differed in their masturbation-sexual satisfaction typology and examined whether sociodemographic, psychological, and sexual behavioral characteristics were associated with distinct masturbation-satisfaction patterns. A cluster analysis revealed four similar groupings for women and men, reflecting sex lives characterized by high masturbation/sexual satisfaction, low masturbation/sexual satisfaction, high masturbation/sexual dissatisfaction, or low masturbation/sexual dissatisfaction. While being younger, higher pornography consumption, and sexual variety were primarily associated with increased masturbation frequency, sexual distress and a negative body and genital self-image were more clearly associated with sexual dissatisfaction. Predicting different masturbation-satisfaction groupings also revealed some gender-specific findings in the use of pornography, and in the association between masturbation and intercourse frequency, which suggested a complementary pattern for women and a compensatory pattern for men. Our findings emphasize that the linkage between masturbation and sexual satisfaction warrants closer focus.


Assuntos
Masturbação , Orgasmo , Literatura Erótica/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Masturbação/psicologia , Noruega , Satisfação Pessoal , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
9.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(6): 3063-3070, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35790615

RESUMO

Women report lower sexual satisfaction than men. Given that sexual dissatisfaction adversely impacts health and well-being, it is imperative that we investigate why women are sexually dissatisfied. In the present study, we explored whether women's benevolently sexist attitudes might predict their sexual dissatisfaction. In a sample of 308 (Mage = 38.09) heterosexual American women who had previously had sex with a man, we hypothesized that women's benevolent sexism would be associated with an increased adoption of the traditional sexual script (i.e., an increased propensity for submissiveness and passivity during sex) and that this, in turn, would be associated with increased sexual dissatisfaction. We also hypothesized that the relationship between the adoption of the traditional sexual script and sexual dissatisfaction would be moderated by the degree to which participants enjoy submissiveness. Overall, we did not find support for our model: benevolent sexism did not predict sexual dissatisfaction. However, we did find that adopting the traditional sexual script was predictive of sexual dissatisfaction for women who do not enjoy submissiveness. These findings contribute to an emerging literature pertaining to women's sexual health. Specifically, results suggest that benevolent sexism does not contribute to women's experiences of sexual dissatisfaction. Instead, they suggest that sexual dissatisfaction in women may (in part) be driven by their engagement in sexual roles that do not align with their sexual preferences. Theoretical and clinical implications for these findings are discussed.


Assuntos
Heterossexualidade , Sexismo , Adulto , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Orgasmo , Comportamento Sexual
10.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 48(9): 2285-2295, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To systematically review and summarize the available literature regarding the women's sexual function during COVID-19 pandemic and compare it to pre-pandemic period. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Embase from the inception of the databases until 15th April 2021. Data regarding the sexual function, measured by female sexual function index (FSFI), of adult sexually active women were extracted from the eligible studies and compared between the before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. The secondary outcome was the frequency of intercourse during pandemic time. The random-effect model was used to pool the mean differences and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 value. RESULTS: Our search resulted in a sample of six eligible studies, which involved 1114 female participants. The total FSFI score among study participants during pandemic was 22.93 (95% CI: 19.26-26.59), which indicated a significant decrease in sexual function of women during pandemic as compared to pre-pandemic time (mean difference = -3.80, 95% CI: -6.48 to -1.12, p = 0.005, I2  = 96%). We also conducted a meta-analysis of individual FSFI domains. During pandemic, women had problems with arousal (p < 0.0001), orgasm (p = 0.0008), satisfaction (p = 0.0009), and pain (p = 0.009). No significant difference in frequency of intercourse was observed between pre- and during pandemic (p = 0.80). Furthermore, no significant publication bias was present among included studies. CONCLUSION: Overall, there was a significant decrease in sexual function of sexually active adult women during COVID-19 pandemic. The most affected areas of sexual function were arousal, orgasm, pain, and satisfaction. Physicians must be aware of COVID-19 impact on sexual life of women and provide proper counseling.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , Coito , Feminino , Humanos , Orgasmo , Dor , Pandemias , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 38(8): 632-638, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35652576

RESUMO

PurposeTo compare the female sexual function before and during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI).MethodsRelevant studies were retrieved by online databases and manual searching reporting FSFI scores before and during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. The methodological quality of reviewed articles was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, and heterogeneity with the I2 statistic. The standardized mean differences (SMDs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by random-effect meta-analyses.ResultsFour studies met the inclusion criteria reporting 1002 sexually active non-pregnant women comparing results of the 19-item FSFI. The meta-analysis of the overall FSFI score showed an SMD (95% CI) of -1.16 (-1.97 to -0.35), comparing the pandemic with the pre-pandemic scores. In addition, SMD scores for the FSFI domains were also significantly lower during the pandemic for arousal -0.80 (-1.13 to -0.48), orgasm -0.66 (-1.07 to -0.25), satisfaction -0.59 (-0.97 to -0.22), and pain -0.35 (-0.54 to -0.16), whereas there were not significant differences for desire and lubrication domains. There was a low risk of bias and the sensitivity analysis suggests that results are robust.ConclusionThe available studies showed a lower overall FSFI score during the pandemic, suggesting an increased risk of female sexual dysfunction compared to prepandemic results. Also, there were increased risks of sexual arousal, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain disorders. However, there were no alterations in the desire and the lubrication domains. Limitations are related to the heterogeneity populations, and pandemic confounding and aggravating factors.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Orgasmo , Dor , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(6): 3021-3031, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35767200

RESUMO

Research reveals that a substantial proportion of North American adults report interest in and experience with mixed-sex threesomes (MSTs; sexual activity involving three people at the same time in which persons of more than one sex are present). Despite the prevalence of MST participation, little is known about the outcomes of MST experiences. Thus, the current study assessed MST outcomes using various metrics including the extent to which one's most recent MST met expectations, the likelihood of participating in the MST again, and whether an orgasm was experienced. In addition, the extent to which one's sex, the sex of those involved, and the inclusion of one's romantic partner impacted outcomes was examined. Data from 276 heterosexual adults (217 men, 59 women) revealed that, overall, adults report fairly positive outcomes from their most recent MST and that males reported more positive outcomes than did females (particularly when engaging in a MST with two members of the other sex). In addition, MSTs involving one's romantic partner resulted in more positive outcomes than did those with casual partners. These results confirm that MSTs can be a satisfying experience particularly for heterosexual males and those participating with a romantic partner. Implications for educators looking to destigmatize various forms of nonmonogamies and for practitioners who intend to assist adults interested in safely exploring multi-person sexual behavior are discussed.


Assuntos
Heterossexualidade , Parceiros Sexuais , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Orgasmo , Comportamento Sexual
14.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1108, 2022 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35658847

RESUMO

AIM: To identify the impact of COVID-19 measures on sexual behaviors and sexual satisfaction in Luxembourg residents. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey of adults (> 18 years of age) residing in Luxembourg, while COVID-19 restrictions were in place. The survey was available from January 15 to February 12, 2021 in four languages (French, German, English and Portuguese). Survey questions focused on masturbation, cuddling, condom use, sex frequency, sexting, cybersex, watching porn, and sexual satisfaction. RESULTS: 557 volunteers completed the survey (35.5% men, 64.3% women). Sexual satisfaction and sexual problems variables were assessed on 4-point Likert scales (0 = not at all/never to 3 = very/often). Sexual problems increased during the COVID-19 measures while sexual satisfaction decreased compared to before the introduction of COVID-19 restrictions (assessed retrospectively). Factors associated with increased odds of sexual satisfaction included having a steady relationship before COVID-19 restrictions, engaging in sexting, reporting good mental health and not altering alcohol intake. CONCLUSIONS: The context of the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures implemented in Luxembourg affected sexual behaviors and sexual satisfaction. Sexual and reproductive health care centers and health professionals in general should take these results into consideration when providing care. Recommendations on the importance of sexual health for general wellbeing and behaviors associated with sexual satisfaction should be offered and possibilities to experience sexuality while reducing contamination risks be discussed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde Sexual , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Luxemburgo/epidemiologia , Masculino , Orgasmo , Pandemias , Saúde Reprodutiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Comportamento Sexual
15.
J Sex Med ; 19(8): 1269-1280, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sexual aversion (SA) is a chronic difficulty impacting sexual, relational and psychological wellbeing. Yet, there is a dearth of studies exploring its prevalence and associated factors. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of SA and examine its correlates among a community sample of Canadian adults. METHODS: A large web-based sample of the Quebec (Canada) adult population (n = 1,935) completed an online survey on sexual wellbeing. Prevalence rates were estimated for SA and other sexual difficulties. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify correlates of SA. OUTCOMES: Demographics (eg, gender, employment status), self-reported experiences of sexual difficulties (low sexual desire and arousal, vaginal dryness, pain during sexual intercourse, erectile difficulties, premature or delayed ejaculation, and orgasm difficulties), and markers of psychosexual wellbeing (eg, psychological distress, performance anxiety) according to the presence or absence of SA were assessed. RESULTS: The prevalence of SA was 9.7% (95% CI: 8.5-11.2) in the present sample (6.9% [95% CI: 5.1-8.9] in men, 11.3% [95% CI: 9.4-13.4] in women and 17.1% [95% CI: 9.4-27.4] in nonbinary and/or trans individuals). The multivariate logistic regression model explained 31% of the likelihood of experiencing SA. SA was related to psychological distress (aOR: 1.77, 95% CI: 1.33-2.38), sexual satisfaction (aOR: .59, 95% CI:.49-0.70), sexual performance anxiety (aOR: 2.08, 95% CI: 1.45-2.98), and discomfort with sex-related information (aOR: 1.02, 95% CI: 1.01-1.04) CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Several psychosexual correlates of SA were documented and could be targeted by practitioners during the assessment and treatment of individuals living with SA. STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS: The study's strengths include its large, gender diverse sample and use of comprehensive diagnostic criteria for SA. Probability-based sampling methods and longitudinal studies should be conducted to address the current study's limitations. CONCLUSION: SA research is critical to document its prevalence in different sociodemographic groups, explore additional intrapersonal and interpersonal mechanisms involved in SA etiology, and ensure that the needs of people living with SA are met with tailored interventions. David Lafortune, Éliane Dussault, Mathieu Philibert, Natacha Godbout. Prevalence and Correlates of Sexual Aversion: A Canadian Community-Based Study. J Sex Med 2022;19:1269-1280.


Assuntos
Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas , Adulto , Canadá/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Orgasmo , Prevalência , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
J Sex Med ; 19(7): 1156-1172, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orgasm, particularly in older women, remains a poorly understood aspect of female sexual response partly because of a lack of validated self-report measures. AIM: To evaluate the Orgasm Rating Scale (ORS) and Bodily Sensations of Orgasm Scale (BSOS) for use with pre, peri, and post-menopausal women and between solitary and partnered orgasm contexts. METHODS: Participants (solitary context, 252 pre, 139 peri, 190 post; partnered context, 229 pre, 136 peri, and 194 post-menopausal women, aged 18-82 years) were asked to complete an online questionnaire based on most recent solitary and partnered orgasm. Principal components analysis with Varimax rotation summarized the data into interpretable baseline models for all groups. Multi-Group Confirmatory Factor Analysis tested for multi-group measurement invariance. Adjustments to the models were made, and final model structures were presented. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ORS and BSOS measuring solitary and/or masturbation and partnered orgasm. RESULTS: For the ORS, 10 factor solutions were preferred, explaining 81% (pre), 80% (peri), and 81% (post) of the variance for the solitary and 83% (pre), 86% (peri), and 84% (post) of the variance for the partnered context. Factors included pleasurable satisfaction, ecstasy, emotional intimacy, relaxation, building sensations, flooding sensations, flushing sensations, shooting sensations, throbbing sensations, and general spasms. For the BSOS, 3 factor solutions were preferred, explaining 55% (pre), 60% (peri), and 56% (post) of the variance for the solitary and 56% (pre), 61% (peri), and 60% (post) of the variance for the partnered context. Factors included extragenital sensations, genital sensations and spasms, and nociceptive sensations and sweating responses. Divergent validity was observed (solitary r = -.04; partnered r = -.11) and configural, metric and scalar invariance for the solitary and partnered versions of the ORS and BSOS were found, suggesting the measures were interpreted similarly by all women. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: With valid measurement tools, women's varying orgasm experiences can be investigated more systematically and compared to address gaps and conflicts in the existing literature. Ultimately, these additions may assist with improved interventions for women who are unsatisfied with their orgasm experiences. STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS: Strengths include gaining the ability to compare age and menopausal status groups using empirically validated measures of orgasm experience. Limitations include cross-sectional design and lack of test-retest reliability measurement. CONCLUSION: The ORS and BSOS are supported for use with women across adulthood in solitary and partnered orgasm contexts and can be used concurrently to provide a comprehensive assessment. Webb AE, Reissing ED, Huta V. Orgasm Rating Scale and Bodily Sensations of Orgasm Scale: Validation for Use With Pre, Peri, and Post-Menopausal Women. J Sex Med 2022;19:1156-1172.


Assuntos
Orgasmo , Pós-Menopausa , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Orgasmo/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensação , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Int J STD AIDS ; 33(8): 751-760, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35622448

RESUMO

Background: Sexual satisfaction is an important dimension of health-related quality of life that needs to be addressed. Various factors may influence sexual satisfaction in women living with HIV (WLHIV); however, research in this area is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate patients' self-reported sexual satisfaction and its associations with patient-reported outcomes in WLHIV in Sweden. Methods: Data was retrieved from the InfCareHIV registry for the years 2011-2016. The registry includes a self-reported validated 9-item health questionnaire to assess patient-reported outcomes, side effects and adherence. In total, 1292 WLHIV aged ≥18 years were included, corresponding to 42.8% of the female Swedish InfCareHIV cohort 2011-2016. A total of 2444 questionnaires were included in the study. The patient-reported outcomes used were satisfaction with physical health and psychological health, sexual satisfaction, and experiencing side effects from HIV-medication. Associations were tested in univariable and multivariable models. Results: The study shows that there was a significant association between sexual satisfaction and satisfaction with psychological health (p ≤ 0.0001). There was a lower probability of reporting sexual satisfaction in women who were of an older age when they received an HIV-diagnosis (p = 0.033), who had lived for more years with HIV (p = 0.0004), or who had experienced side effects (p = 0.028). Conclusions: This national register-based study identified that sexual satisfaction in WLHIV is associated with psychological health and with having experienced side-effects. Patient-reported outcomes can provide valuable information so that the care of WLHIV covers all aspects of health and supports sexual satisfaction, which is an important part of quality of life.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Orgasmo , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , HIV , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Humanos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suécia/epidemiologia
19.
Urol J ; 19(4): 320-324, 2022 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35398882

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the effect of female sexual abnormalities on the etiology of penile fracture, which is an important urological emergency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sexual function of the partners of patients with penile fracture (study group, n = 90) treated at our clinic and healthy women (control group, n = 90) were evaluated on a voluntary basis. In both groups, sexual function was evaluated with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Each substance of the FSFI was evaluated separately by comparing both groups and the effect on the development of penile fracture was investigated. RESULTS: There was no difference in demographic and clinical characteristics between the study and control groups. Evaluation of sexual function with FSFI revealed that the scores of vaginal lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain subscales were lower in the study group (p < .001). Among these subscales, anorgasmia was determined as the factor with the largest effect on the development of penile fracture (OR = 7.333, 95% CI = 2.666-20.166, p < .001). No correlation was found between the largest dimension of penile fracture and FSFI total and subscale scores in the study group. CONCLUSION: We believe that female vaginal dryness and dyspareunia in particular are factors which could cause the development of penile fracture during sexual intercourse. The treatment could prevent the development of penile fracture in the male.


Assuntos
Dispareunia , Comportamento Sexual , Coito , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Orgasmo , Satisfação Pessoal , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Sex Med ; 19(6): 975-982, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The novel vaginal pH modulator (VPM; Phexxi) is a non-hormonal, woman-controlled, on-demand, water-based, surfactant-free contraceptive vaginal gel; VPM has also been cleared by the Food and Drug Administration for use as a personal lubricant. AIM: The aim of this study is to report on sexual satisfaction results from the phase 3 AMPOWER study. METHODS: AMPOWER was a single-arm, open-label, multicenter study to assess the safety and efficacy of VPM in preventing pregnancy. Women were enrolled who were healthy, age 18-35 years, and sexually active with regular cyclic menses. OUTCOMES: Women's satisfaction (including sexual satisfaction) was an exploratory endpoint measured at Baseline and Visits 3-5; sexual satisfaction-related patient reported outcomes (PROs) were assessed via 3 different questions: (i) a question related to the impact on a woman's sex life; (ii) a question from the Sexual Function Questionnaire (SFQ) related to the frequency of ten sexual problems; and (iii) a question from the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) related to lubrication. RESULTS: For sexual satisfaction-related PRO measures with baseline assessments, the majority of women reported the same or improved scores at Visit 5 (ranging from 85.8% to 98.4%). The percentage of women who reported that their sex life was improved and/or maintained was higher in Visit 3, 4, and 5 (95.4%, 95.1%, and 93.6%, respectively) compared to Baseline (87.6%). The mean impact on sex life score significantly improved at Visit 5 compared to Baseline (P < .001). In the SFQ, the mean score significantly improved (P < .005) at Visit 5 vs Baseline in 7 of the 10 variables measured (vaginal dryness, lack of sexual interest and/or desire, vaginal tightness, pain, anxiety, unable to orgasm, and vaginal bleeding or irritation). In women who reported sexual activity in the last 4 weeks, the mean FSFI score also significantly improved from Baseline to Visit 5 (P = .037). CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: In this post-hoc analysis of the phase 3 AMPOWER study, the PRO results demonstrate a high level of sexual satisfaction with VPM. STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS: The primary strength of this analysis was the large study size of 1,330 women. Limitations included the non-randomized study design, the post-hoc nature of the analysis, and the fact that sexual satisfaction was an exploratory endpoint. CONCLUSION: As a non-hormonal, woman-controlled, on-demand, lubricating contraceptive gel, VPM offers women a unique set of benefits with positive impacts on their sexual health. Thomas MA, Morlock R, Dart C, Howard B. Sexual Satisfaction Results With the Vaginal pH Modulator From the Phase 3 AMPOWER Study. J Sex Med 2022;19:975-982.


Assuntos
Orgasmo , Doenças Vaginais , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticoncepcionais , Feminino , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Gravidez , Comportamento Sexual , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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