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1.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 45(4): 104322, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692073

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pediatric patients and their caregivers may receive information from their primary care physician (PCP) that does not match current American Academy of Otolaryngology (AAO) guidelines. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the frequency of parents deciding to seek a second opinion based on the demographics of pediatric otolaryngologists who deliver guideline supported advice, contrary to advice from their child's PCP. METHODS: A survey was distributed to parents in a pediatric otolaryngology clinic between June 2021 and July 2023. Demographics included parent age category, gender, race, and age of youngest child. The survey included a scenario depicting recurrent otitis media with clear ears and a suggestion to defer tympanostomy tube insertion per AAO guidelines after their child's PCP recommended tubes. Thirteen variations of otolaryngologist photos were used in the case, including a control case with no picture. RESULTS: Of the 658 participants, 460 (69.9 %) were female. 551 (83.7 %) were aged 30-49 years, 70 (10.7 %) were younger, and 37 (5.6 %) were older. 545 (82.8 %) were White, 30 (4.6 %) were Black, 20 (3.0 %) were Asian, and 31 (4.7 %) were Hispanic. 39.9 % of parents would seek a second opinion if an otolaryngologist recommended watchful waiting following evaluation of their child's otitis media. Participants given the control case were 2.23 times more likely to listen to the otolaryngologist's advice (p = .025). If a picture was provided, respondents were more likely to follow advice given if the pictured otolaryngologist was female (p = .025, OR = 1.47) or Asian (p = .042, OR = 1.53). CONCLUSION: In this group, there is evidence that physician race and gender may influence decision making when considering action versus monitoring in the context of recurrent otitis media.


Assuntos
Otorrinolaringologistas , Pais , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Otorrinolaringologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pais/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Inquéritos e Questionários , Otite Média , Otolaringologia , Adolescente , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Lactente
2.
Laryngoscope ; 134(8): 3698-3705, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Care of patients with dysphagia occurs at the intersection of several different medical specialties. Otolaryngologists are uniquely equipped to diagnose dysphagia given their specialized training, yet the extent to which otolaryngologists perform diagnostic procedures for dysphagia is unknown. The objective of this study was to characterize the specialty-level variation among providers performing diagnostic assessments for dysphagia. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of dysphagia care utilization among Medicare beneficiaries from 2013 to 2021 using the CMS Physician & Other Practitioners by Provider and Service dataset. American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC) data reports were used to determine the total number of providers per specialty. For each procedure and specialty, the percentage of providers performing >10 procedures annually and the average annual number of procedures per performing provider (non-radiology) were calculated. RESULTS: We analyzed nine common dysphagia diagnostic procedures, including manometry, 24-h pH testing, flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES), and modified barium swallow study (MBSS). Mean 3.7 (SD 1.4) otolaryngologists (0.04% of practicing) performed manometry testing annually, compared to 493 (69.3) gastroenterologists (3.3%). Less than 1% of practicing otolaryngologists (37.8 (8.0) (0.04%)) and gastroenterologists (51.6 (8.4), 0.35%) performed 24-h pH testing annually. FEES testing was most commonly performed by otolaryngologists; however, only 48 (6.3) providers (0.51% of practicing) performed these procedures annually. For MBSS, fewer otolaryngologists (5.2 (1.0), 0.05%) perform these assessments than other medical specialties. Each otolaryngologist performed 110.7 (52.5) studies annually, compared to 200.1 (68.0) per gastroenterologist. CONCLUSION: Otolaryngologists represent a small fraction of providers performing dysphagia-related diagnostic procedures despite a unique training within our specialty to comprehensively diagnose and manage this condition. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Laryngoscope, 134:3698-3705, 2024.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Padrões de Prática Médica , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Otorrinolaringologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Feminino , Medicare/estatística & dados numéricos , Otolaringologia/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 45(4): 104332, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663328

RESUMO

Havana Syndrome is used to describe the array of deficits seen in diplomats stationed in Cuba from August 2016 to September 2017.1 Patients from this cohort were clinically studied, investigating their symptoms, audition and vestibular deficits, and imaging abnormalities seen on MRI.1-3 The primary studies were retrospective, looking at how these symptoms could be classified or fit into diagnostic criteria. The cohort had many similarities: a sound at the onset of symptoms, a mix of neurologic and otologic symptoms, and persistent symptoms that lasted for months.1-3 Theories of the cause of Havana Syndrome have led to no conclusive answer. Potential viral etiologies, mass psychogenic illness, and head trauma were examined as causes.1-5 Diseases with established diagnostic criteria were used to compare the patients' symptoms to try to find a disease that fits Havana Syndrome.3 Recent information from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence suggested the most likely cause to be mass psychogenic illness. With the cause of Havana Syndrome still unknown, a review of reported cases and reports helps otolaryngologists understand Havana Syndrome so they diagnose it only when appropriate and do not miss other conditions that may present with similar symptoms and that might respond well to targeted treatment.


Assuntos
Otorrinolaringologistas , Humanos , Síndrome , Cuba/epidemiologia , Masculino , Doença Relacionada a Viagens
4.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 45(4): 104335, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38678800

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize extremely negative online reviews of Otolaryngologists in the United States. METHODS: A search for reviews was performed on Yelp.com using the keyword "Otolaryngologist" in four major urban cities in the United States. On a five-star scale, one-star reviews were isolated, classified as clinical or non-clinical complaints, and further subcategorized. Chi-square analysis was used to determine differences in complaint types between patients reporting surgery and those who did not. RESULTS: From the 7653 reviews that were surveyed, 375 one-star reviews met the inclusion criteria and were used in the analysis. These negative reviews yielded 808 total complaints, 25 % were clinical, and 75 % were non-clinical. The most common clinical complaints were a lack of diagnosis, disagreement with the treatment plan and misdiagnosis, whereas the most common non-clinical complaints included poor physician bedside manner, cost, and unprofessional staff. Fifty-two (14 %) patients reported having surgery. The difference in the number of complaints by patients reporting surgery and patients not reporting surgery was statistically significant (P < .05) for almost all subcategories. CONCLUSION: The most common complaints in negative reviews of Otolaryngologists on Yelp are non-clinical, primarily centered around the professionalism of the physician and staff. This work offers insights into patient satisfaction within Otolaryngology. Considerations should be given to these results as a means for improvement in patient experiences.


Assuntos
Otolaringologia , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Otorrinolaringologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Internet , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 170(6): 1519-1526, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the performance of Chatbot Generative Pretrained Transformer-4 (ChatGPT-4) in the management of cases in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. SETTING: Multicenter University Hospitals. METHODS: History, clinical, physical, and additional examinations of adult outpatients consulting in otolaryngology departments of CHU Saint-Pierre and Dour Medical Center were presented to ChatGPT-4, which was interrogated for differential diagnoses, management, and treatment(s). According to specialty, the ChatGPT-4 responses were assessed by 2 distinct, blinded board-certified otolaryngologists with the Artificial Intelligence Performance Instrument. RESULTS: One hundred cases were presented to ChatGPT-4. ChaGPT-4 indicated a mean of 3.34 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.09, 3.59) additional examinations per patient versus 2.10 (95% CI: 1.76, 2.34; P = .001) for the practitioners. There was strong consistency (k > 0.600) between otolaryngologists and ChatGPT-4 for the indication of upper aerodigestive tract endoscopy, positron emission tomography and computed tomography, audiometry, tympanometry, and psychophysical evaluations. Primary diagnosis was correctly performed by ChatGPT-4 in 38% to 86% of cases depending on subspecialty. Additional examinations indicated by ChatGPT-4 were pertinent and necessary in 8% to 31% of cases, while the treatment regimen was pertinent in 12% to 44% of cases. The performance of ChatGPT-4 was not influenced by the human-reported level of difficulty of clinical cases. CONCLUSION: ChatGPT-4 may be a promising adjunctive tool in otolaryngology, providing extensive documentation about additional examinations, primary and differential diagnoses, and treatments. The ChatGPT-4 is more effective in providing a primary diagnosis, and less effective in the selection of additional examinations and treatments.


Assuntos
Otolaringologia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Otorrinolaringologistas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Otorrinolaringopatias/terapia , Otorrinolaringopatias/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial
7.
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 150(4): 342-348, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451500

RESUMO

Importance: Endoscopes are paramount to the practice of otolaryngology. To provide physicians in low-middle-income countries with adequate tools to treat otolaryngologic problems, it is necessary to create a low-cost sustainable option. Objective: To describe the design and usability of an open-source, low-cost flexible laryngoscope that addresses the lack of affordable and accessible methods for otolaryngologic visualization in resource-limited settings. Design, Setting, and Participants: This quality improvement study used a mixed-methods approach, including a technical description of device design as well as quantitative and qualitative survey evaluation of device usability. Engineering involved device design, sourcing or manufacturing individual components, fabricating a prototype, and iterative testing. Key assumptions and needs for the device were identified in collaboration with otolaryngologists in Zimbabwe, and designed and simulated by biomedical engineers in a US university laboratory. Board-certified otolaryngologists at a single US university hospital trialed a completed prototype on simulated airways between May 2023 and June 2023. Main Outcomes and Measures: Technical details on the design of the device are provided. Otolaryngologist gave feedback on device characteristics, maneuverability, and visualization using the System Usability Scale, a customized Likert-scale questionnaire (5-point scale), and semistructured interviews. Results: A functional prototype meeting requirements was completed consisting of a distal-chip camera, spring bending tip, handle housing the control mechanism and electronics, and flexible polyether block amide-coated silicone sheath housing the camera and control wires; an external monitor provided real-time visualization and ability to store data. A total of 14 otolaryngologists participated in the device review. The mean (SD) System Usability Scale score was 88.93 (10.08), suggesting excellent usability. The device was rated highly for ease of set up, physical attributes, image quality, and functionality. Conclusions and Relevance: This quality improvement study described the design of a novel open-source low-cost flexible laryngoscope that external review with otolaryngologists suggests was usable and feasible in various resource-limited environments. Future work is needed to translate the model into a clinical setting.


Assuntos
Laringoscópios , Otolaringologia , Médicos , Humanos , Região de Recursos Limitados , Otorrinolaringologistas
8.
Laryngorhinootologie ; 103(3): 219-230, 2024 03.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437838

RESUMO

The lifetime prevalence of 8.6% of asthma in Germany reflects the high medical and socioeconomic impact of the disease. Asthma treatment goals have changed during the last decades: from symptom control to symptom prevention, with highly effective, disease-modifying anti-asthmatic drugs (DMAADs) aiming at asthma remission. In order to achieve this goal, phenotyping of patients (including an evaluation of allergies and type 2 biomarkers) is crucial for personalized treatment. The identification and effective treatment of concomitant diseases, such as allergic rhinitis or chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), plays a major role for successful treatment. This underlines the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration of otolaryngologists and respiratory physicians in the management of patients with asthma. This CME article informs the reader about current guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of asthma, focusing on clinically relevant recommendations for ENT physicians.


Assuntos
Asma , Rinite Alérgica , Humanos , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/epidemiologia , Alemanha , Otorrinolaringologistas
9.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 281(5): 2723-2731, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38393353

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite the robust expansion of research surrounding artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) and their applications to medicine, these methodologies often remain opaque and inaccessible to many otolaryngologists. Especially, with the increasing ubiquity of large-language models (LLMs), such as ChatGPT and their potential implementation in clinical practice, clinicians may benefit from a baseline understanding of some aspects of AI. In this narrative review, we seek to clarify underlying concepts, illustrate applications to otolaryngology, and highlight future directions and limitations of these tools. METHODS: Recent literature regarding AI principles and otolaryngologic applications of ML and LLMs was reviewed via search in PubMed and Google Scholar. RESULTS: Significant recent strides have been made in otolaryngology research utilizing AI and ML, across all subspecialties, including neurotology, head and neck oncology, laryngology, rhinology, and sleep surgery. Potential applications suggested by recent publications include screening and diagnosis, predictive tools, clinical decision support, and clinical workflow improvement via LLMs. Ongoing concerns regarding AI in medicine include ethical concerns around bias and data sharing, as well as the "black box" problem and limitations in explainability. CONCLUSIONS: Potential implementations of AI in otolaryngology are rapidly expanding. While implementation in clinical practice remains theoretical for most of these tools, their potential power to influence the practice of otolaryngology is substantial.


Assuntos
Otolaringologia , Cirurgiões , Humanos , Inteligência Artificial , Otorrinolaringologistas , Aprendizado de Máquina
11.
Laryngoscope ; 134(7): 3215-3219, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409738

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Transgender individuals face significant health disparities including deficiencies in physician education, knowledge, and comfort with transgender health care. As the prevalence of the transgender population increases more individuals may seek gender-affirming surgery. Herein, we present a survey study which presents data on (1) the current practice patterns, (2) the familiarity with, (3) the perception of, and (4) the future educational goals of transgender health care among laryngologists in the United States. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study of practicing laryngologists in the United States. RESULTS: A total of 53 laryngologists participated in the study, with 50 (94.3%) coming from an academic practice. Survey response rate was 32.3% (54/167). The number of patients cared for and surgeries performed were significantly associated with self-perceived overall competence (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001), surgical competence (p = 0.013 and p < 0.001), and comfort counseling patients on gender-affirming surgeries (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001). Most obtained training through real-world experience (n = 46, 86.8%), whereas only 11 (20.7%) had formal training in residency or fellowship. Although 37 (70%) of participants felt competent caring for transgender patients, 38 (72%) want to learn more about transgender care, and 49 (93%) support incorporating transgender care into otolaryngology residency/fellowship curricula. CONCLUSION: There is a need for an increased awareness of transgender healthcare issues to address disparities experienced by this diverse population. Many laryngologists report wanting to learn more about this developing part of our field and support incorporating transgender care into training. We attempt to spotlight the degree by which practicing laryngologists are familiar, competent, and comfortable with transgender care. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 5 Laryngoscope, 134:3215-3219, 2024.


Assuntos
Pessoas Transgênero , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia , Pessoas Transgênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Otolaringologia/educação , Otorrinolaringologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Otorrinolaringologistas/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
12.
Laryngoscope ; 134(8): 3493-3498, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38411268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE(S): Biologics for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) are an evolving therapeutic option, but there are limited data on physician experiences in prescribing them. The goal of this study was to gain a better understanding of these experiences including prescribing practices, patient factors which guide prescriber decision, and physician and patient-reported issues which might limit cost-effectiveness of these therapies. METHODS: A survey was distributed to attending otolaryngologists using the Canadian Society of Otolaryngology (CSOHNS) email distribution and eSurvey program. Responses were tabulated for the entire cohort and compared between rhinologists and non-rhinologists where appropriate. Frequencies and proportions were expressed as a percentage of total respondents. Fisher's exact test was used for statistical analysis between groups. RESULTS: Seventy-nine total survey responses were recorded representing a response rate of 43%. Significantly more rhinologists reported prescribing biologic medications on their own (100% vs. 50%; p < 0.001) and a higher proportion (1 to 10% vs. <1%) of their patients were on biologics compared with non-rhinologists (p = 0.023). Rhinologists were more likely to consider poor response to medical therapies, need for rescue steroids, and comorbid type 2 conditions in their decision to pursue biologics than non-rhinologists, but they also experienced poorer assistance from patient support programs and less availability to medications. CONCLUSION: Rhinologists are more comfortable with prescribing and managing biologics for CRSwNP compared with non-rhinologist colleagues. Clinicians prescribing biologic medications for CRSwNP should be familiar with guidelines, indications, and potential adverse events. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: N/A Laryngoscope, 134:3493-3498, 2024.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Otorrinolaringologistas , Padrões de Prática Médica , Rinite , Sinusite , Humanos , Sinusite/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Crônica , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Rinite/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/economia , Otorrinolaringologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Otorrinolaringologistas/economia , Canadá , Inquéritos e Questionários , Masculino , Feminino , Otolaringologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pólipos Nasais/tratamento farmacológico , Pólipos Nasais/complicações , Rinossinusite
13.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol ; 133(5): 512-518, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375799

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess for differences in how patients and otolaryngologists define the term dizziness. METHODS: Between June 2020 and December 2022, otolaryngology clinicians and consecutive patients at 5 academic otolaryngology institutions across the United States were asked to define the term "dizziness" by completing a semantics-based questionnaire containing 20 common descriptors of the term within 5 symptom domains (imbalance-related, lightheadedness-related, motion-related, vision-related, and pain-related). The primary outcome was differences between patient and clinician perceptions of dizzy-related symptoms. Secondary outcomes included differences among patient populations by geographic location. RESULTS: Responses were obtained from 271 patients and 31 otolaryngologists. Patients and otolaryngologists selected 7.7 ± 3.5 and 7.1 ± 4.3 symptoms, respectively. Most patients (266, 98.2%) selected from more than 1 domain and 17 (6.3%) patients identified symptoms from all 5 domains. Patients and clinicians were equally likely to define dizziness using terms from the imbalance (difference, -2.3%; 95% CI, -13.2%, 8.6%), lightheadedness (-14.1%; -29.2%, 1.0%), and motion-related (9.4; -0.3, 19.1) domains. Patients were more likely to include terms from the vision-related (23.6%; 10.5, 36.8) and pain-related (18.2%; 10.3%, 26.1%) domains. There were minor variations in how patients defined dizziness based on geographic location. CONCLUSIONS: Patients and otolaryngologists commonly described dizziness using symptoms related to imbalance, lightheadedness, and motion. Patients were more likely to use vision or pain-related terms. Understanding of these semantic differences may enable more effective patient-clinician communication.


Assuntos
Tontura , Otolaringologia , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Tontura/diagnóstico , Tontura/etiologia , Otorrinolaringologistas , Vertigem/diagnóstico , Dor
14.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 281(4): 2159-2165, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38206389

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chatbot generative pre-trained transformer (ChatGPT) is a new artificial intelligence-powered language model of chatbot able to help otolaryngologists in practice and research. We investigated the accuracy of ChatGPT-3.5 and -4 in the referencing of manuscripts published in otolaryngology. METHODS: ChatGPT-3.5 and ChatGPT-4 were interrogated for providing references of the top-30 most cited papers in otolaryngology in the past 40 years including clinical guidelines and key studies that changed the practice. The responses were regenerated three times to assess the accuracy and stability of ChatGPT. ChatGPT-3.5 and ChatGPT-4 were compared for accuracy of reference and potential mistakes. RESULTS: The accuracy of ChatGPT-3.5 and ChatGPT-4.0 ranged from 47% to 60%, and 73% to 87%, respectively (p < 0.005). ChatGPT-3.5 provided 19 inaccurate references and invented 2 references throughout the regenerated questions. ChatGPT-4.0 provided 13 inaccurate references, while it proposed only one invented reference. The stability of responses throughout regenerated answers was mild (k = 0.238) and moderate (k = 0.408) for ChatGPT-3.5 and 4.0, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: ChatGPT-4.0 reported higher accuracy than the free-access version (3.5). False references were detected in both 3.5 and 4.0 versions. Practitioners need to be careful regarding the use of ChatGPT in the reach of some key reference when writing a report.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Otolaringologia , Humanos , Software , Otorrinolaringologistas , Idioma
15.
Laryngoscope ; 134(6): 2799-2804, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38230948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Machine learning driven clinical decision support tools (ML-CDST) are on the verge of being integrated into clinical settings, including in Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. In this study, we investigated whether such CDST may influence otolaryngologists' diagnostic judgement. METHODS: Otolaryngologists were recruited virtually across the United States for this experiment on human-AI interaction. Participants were shown 12 different video-stroboscopic exams from patients with previously diagnosed laryngopharyngeal reflux or vocal fold paresis and asked to determine the presence of disease. They were then exposed to a random diagnosis purportedly resulting from an ML-CDST and given the opportunity to revise their diagnosis. The ML-CDST output was presented with no explanation, a general explanation, or a specific explanation of its logic. The ML-CDST impact on diagnostic judgement was assessed with McNemar's test. RESULTS: Forty-five participants were recruited. When participants reported less confidence (268 observations), they were significantly (p = 0.001) more likely to change their diagnostic judgement after exposure to ML-CDST output compared to when they reported more confidence (238 observations). Participants were more likely to change their diagnostic judgement when presented with a specific explanation of the CDST logic (p = 0.048). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that otolaryngologists are susceptible to accepting ML-CDST diagnostic recommendations, especially when less confident. Otolaryngologists' trust in ML-CDST output is increased when accompanied with a specific explanation of its logic. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 Laryngoscope, 134:2799-2804, 2024.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Aprendizado de Máquina , Otorrinolaringologistas , Confiança , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Estados Unidos , Refluxo Laringofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/diagnóstico , Otolaringologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 28, 2024 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38238721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical management of thyroid pathologies at the Reference General Hospital. METHODS: This was a retro-prospective study over 4 years 6 months carried out in the departments of General and Digestive Surgery (GDS) and Otorhinolaryngology and Cervico Facial Surgery (ORL/FCS). It involved 182 patients who underwent thyroid surgery. RESULTS: A frequency of thyroidectomy of 9.46% was found. Females predominated with a sex ratio of 0.1. The average age of patients was 42.85 years, a standard deviation 12.80. 84.06% of patients had consulted for anterior cervical mass. EU-TIRADS score 3 represented 7,14% of cases. Heteromultinodular goiter was the main indication for thyroid surgery (59.34%). Total thyroidectomy was the most commonly performed gesture in general surgery in 88,23% (n = 105), in Otorhinolaryngology, it was in the same proportion as lobo-isthmectomy at 47.61% (n = 30). The first route was video-assisted thyroidectomy 2.2% (n = 4). The recurrent laryngeal nerve was dissected and seen in 159 cases (87.36%) and parathyroid glands were also seen and preserved in 58.24% of cases (n = 106). In immediate postoperative surgery, the main complications were unilateral recurrent paralysis with dysphonia in 3.3% (n = 6) and compressive hematoma in 2.2% (n = 4). No deaths had been recorded. CONCLUSION: Total thyroidectomy was the most performed procedure in department of General and Digestive Surgery. Routine oral calcium and vitamin D supplementation in the general surgery ward, reduces the occurrence of hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy and allows a safe and early exit. Standardizing protocols will further reduce complications.


Assuntos
Cirurgiões , Tireoidectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Hospitais Gerais , Otorrinolaringologistas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
17.
Laryngoscope ; 134(2): 592-599, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37431862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Quantification of academic productivity relies on bibliometric measurements, such as the Hirsch index (h-index). The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently developed the relative citation ratio (RCR), an article-level, citation-driven metric that compares researchers with others within their respective fields. Our study is the first to compare the usage of RCR in academic otolaryngology. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Database Review. METHODS: Academic otolaryngology residency programs were identified using the 2022 Fellowship and Residency Electronic Interactive Database. Demographic and training data were collected for surgeons using institutional websites. RCR was calculated using the NIH iCite tool, and h-index was calculated using Scopus. Mean RCR (m-RCR) is the average score of the author's articles. Weighted RCR (w-RCR) is the sum of all article scores. These derivatives are a measure of impact and output, respectively. The career duration of a physician was categorized into the following cohorts: 0-10, 11-20, 21-30, and 31+ years. RESULTS: A total of 1949 academic otolaryngologists were identified. Men had higher h-indices and w-RCRs than women (both p less than 0.001). m-RCR was not different between genders (p = 0.083). There was a difference in h-index and w-RCR (both p less than 0.001) among the career duration cohorts, but there was no difference in m-RCR among the cohorts (p = 0.416). The faculty rank professor was the greatest for all metrics (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Critics of the h-index argue that it is reflective of the time a researcher has spent in the field, instead of impact. The RCR may reduce historic bias against women and younger otolaryngologists. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: NA Laryngoscope, 134:592-599, 2024.


Assuntos
Otorrinolaringologistas , Otolaringologia , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Otolaringologia/educação , Bibliometria , Eficiência , Docentes de Medicina
18.
Laryngoscope ; 134(3): 1190-1196, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37526319

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize Twitter utilization among academic otolaryngologists and evaluate the relationship between Twitter utilization and research productivity. METHODS: Data were collected manually from accredited US otolaryngology residency programs from July-November 2021. Program and faculty demographics were documented, including citations and H-index for faculty and Doximity reputation and US News and World Report ranking for programs. Twitter metrics were also recorded. Descriptive analyses and multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of Twitter utilization. RESULTS: Currently, 333 (16%) faculty and 70 (62%) programs have a Twitter account. Of these, 36 (11%) and 27 (39%), respectively, were created in 2020. The regression model indicates that for each 5 unit increase in H-index, the odds of having a Twitter account increase 22% (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.10-1.34, p = 0.0009). The number of faculty with a Twitter account predicts the existence of program Twitter accounts (OR:1.49, 95% CI 1.01-2.19, p = 0.04). Finally, of the 323 faculty with a Twitter account and available Scopus profile, we found that the number of individuals with Twitter use out of proportion to their academic productivity was low (n = 8/323). CONCLUSION: The H-index is a significant predictor of faculty Twitter accounts, whereas the number of faculty with Twitter is a significant predictor of program Twitter utilization. Although Twitter utilization is increasing, especially during the coronavirus pandemic, the findings indicate that there is ample room for growth, particularly amongst faculty with strong academic portfolios. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: NA Laryngoscope, 134:1190-1196, 2024.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Otorrinolaringologistas , Docentes , Bibliometria , Eficiência
19.
Int Forum Allergy Rhinol ; 14(1): 86-95, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37392085

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess for differences of intended meaning in the description of congestion-related symptoms among otolaryngology patients and clinicians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between June 2020 and October 2022, a questionnaire consisting of 16 common descriptors of congestion-related symptoms within four domains (obstructive-related, pressure-related, mucus-related, and other symptoms) was completed by patients and otolaryngologists at five tertiary otolaryngology practices. The primary outcome was to assess differences in patient and clinician perceptions of congestion-related symptoms. Differences based on geographic location was a secondary outcome. RESULTS: A total of 349 patients and 40 otolaryngologists participated. Patients selected a median of 6.8 (standard deviation [SD] 3.0) terms compared with 4.0 (SD 1.6) terms for otolaryngologists (p < 0.001). Otolaryngologists were more likely to select obstruction-related symptoms (difference 6.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.8%, 8.9%). Patients were more likely to describe congestion using pressure-related (-43.7%; -58.9%, -28.5%), mucus-related (-43.5%; -59.3%, -27.8%), and other symptoms (-44.2; -51.3%, -37.1%) compared with otolaryngologists. There were no significant differences identified based on geographic location with regard to symptom domains on multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: There are differences between otolaryngologists and their patients in the interpretation of the symptoms of congestion. Clinicians tended to have a narrower interpretation of congestion that was limited to the obstruction-related symptom domain, while patients defined congestion more broadly. This has important counseling and communication implications for the clinician.


Assuntos
Otorrinolaringologistas , Otolaringologia , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Muco , Análise Multivariada
20.
Laryngoscope ; 134(1): 27-31, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37345617

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Qualitative and mixed methods methodology is becoming more commonplace in otolaryngology as the field strives to understand more complex concepts of the ear, nose, and throat. This methodology can have tremendous utility in studies directed at patient-centered care by offering practical insights and granular detail-directly from patients-which may not be realized by quantitative approaches. METHODS: Narrative Review. RESULTS: This review focuses on what questions can be answered by qualitative research, the basics of the underlying principals and different methodologies utilized, and describes the pearls, pitfalls, and rigor of qualitative research. CONCLUSIONS: This understanding of qualitative inquiry is critical for the otolaryngologist to stay current on what is published and have the ability to include this in their research repertoire. Laryngoscope, 134:27-31, 2024.


Assuntos
Otorrinolaringologistas , Projetos de Pesquisa , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Faringe
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