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1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(7)2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38964875

RESUMO

Variations in parathyroid gland positions often cause failure in initial parathyroid adenoma surgery, especially when imaging fails to localise the adenoma. This report describes a female patient with primary hyperparathyroidism for which preoperative localisation studies did not determine the position of the hyperfunctioning gland. The initial approach with bilateral cervical exploration and intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring was performed unsuccessfully. A mediastinal adenoma was suspected due to meticulous negative neck exploration and repeated negative images for a neck adenoma. Subsequently, a second approach involving mediastinal exploration was performed. After the removal of remnant thymic tissue in the mediastinal space, a significant drop in intraoperative parathyroid hormone levels was achieved. The pathological result confirmed the presence of a tiny pathological parathyroid adenoma within the thymus. At 6 months follow-up, postoperative biochemical assessment was consistent with normal calcium and parathyroid hormone levels.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário , Neoplasias das Paratireoides , Humanos , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/complicações , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/cirurgia , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/cirurgia , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/etiologia , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/complicações , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/diagnóstico , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Mediastino/complicações , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Mediastino/cirurgia , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Paratireoidectomia
3.
Crit Rev Immunol ; 44(6): 27-36, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroidectomy causes impaired blood supply to the parathyroid glands, which leads to hypoparathyroidism. Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA) is helpful in blood activation and cardiovascular protection. Therefore, the efficacy of Tan IIA in improving hypoparathyroidism was explored in this study. METHODS: New Zealand white rabbits were utilized to establish a unilateral parathyroid gland ischemia injury model. The model was created by selectively ligating the main blood supply vessel of one parathyroid gland, and the rabbits were then divided into three groups receiving 1, 5, and 10 mg/kg of Tan IIA. Serum calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were measured using specialized assay kits. Immunohistochemistry was used to assess the microvessel density (MVD) in parathyroid glands. Western blotting (WB) was used to analyze protein expression related to the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway and the pathway-associated HIF-1α and VEGF. Moreover, MMP-2 and MMP-9 involved in angiogenesis were detected by WB. RESULTS: Tan IIA treatment effectively restored serum calcium and PTH levels in a dose-dependent manner. Notably, MVD in the parathyroid glands increased significantly, especially at higher doses. The Tan IIA treatment also elevated the p-PI3K/PI3K and p-AKT/AKT ratios, indicating that the PI3K/AKT pathway was reactivated. Moreover, Tan IIA significantly restored the decreased expression levels of VEGF and HIF-1α caused by parathyroid surgery. Additionally, Tan IIA increased MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels. CONCLUSION: Tan IIA activates the PI3K/AKT pathway, promotes angiogenesis by modulating VEGF, HIF-1α, MMP-2, and MMP-9, thereby further enhancing MVD within the parathyroid glands. This study demonstrates that Tan IIA improved post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism.


Assuntos
Abietanos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipoparatireoidismo , Glândulas Paratireoides , Tireoidectomia , Animais , Hipoparatireoidismo/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoparatireoidismo/etiologia , Hipoparatireoidismo/metabolismo , Abietanos/farmacologia , Abietanos/uso terapêutico , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Coelhos , Glândulas Paratireoides/metabolismo , Glândulas Paratireoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Cálcio/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Masculino , Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12971, 2024 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839854

RESUMO

Thyroid surgery often results in ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) to the parathyroid glands, yet the mechanisms underlying this and how to ameliorate IRI remain incompletely explored. Our study identifies a polyphenolic herbal extract-gallic acid (GA)-with antioxidative properties against IRI. Through flow cytometry and CCK8 assays, we investigate the protective effects of GA pretreatment on a parathyroid IRI model and decode its potential mechanisms via RNA-seq and bioinformatics analysis. Results reveal increased apoptosis, pronounced G1 phase arrest, and significantly reduced cell proliferation in the hypoxia/reoxygenation group compared to the hypoxia group, which GA pretreatment mitigates. RNA-seq and bioinformatics analysis indicate GA's modulation of various signaling pathways, including IL-17, AMPK, MAPK, transient receptor potential channels, cAMP, and Rap1. In summary, GA pretreatment demonstrates potential in protecting parathyroid cells from IRI by influencing various genes and signaling pathways. These findings offer a promising therapeutic strategy for hypoparathyroidism treatment.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Ácido Gálico , Glândulas Paratireoides , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Transdução de Sinais , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Ácido Gálico/farmacologia , Ácido Gálico/análogos & derivados , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândulas Paratireoides/metabolismo , Glândulas Paratireoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Glândulas Paratireoides/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos
5.
Lab Chip ; 24(13): 3243-3251, 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836406

RESUMO

The parathyroid gland is an endocrine organ that plays a crucial role in regulating calcium levels in blood serum through the secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH). Hypoparathyroidism is a chronic disease that can occur due to parathyroid defects, but due to the difficulty of creating animal models of this disease or obtaining human normal parathyroid cells, the evaluation of parathyroid functionality for drug development is limited. Although parathyroid-like cells that secrete PTH have recently been reported, their functionality may be overestimated using traditional culture methods that lack in vivo similarities, particularly vascularization. To overcome these limitations, we obtained parathyroid organoids from tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (TMSCs) and fabricated a parathyroid-on-a-chip, capable of simulating PTH secretion based on calcium concentration. This chip exhibited differences in PTH secretion according to calcium concentration and secreted PTH within the range of normal serum levels. In addition, branches of organoids, which are difficult to observe in animal models, were observed in this chip. This could serve as a guideline for successful engraftment in implantation therapies in the future.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Glândulas Paratireoides , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Humanos , Glândulas Paratireoides/metabolismo , Glândulas Paratireoides/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Organoides/metabolismo , Organoides/citologia , Células Cultivadas
6.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (6): 81-87, 2024.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38888023

RESUMO

We present successful surgical treatment of a patient with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hyperparathyroidism undergoing renal replacement therapy. At baseline, parathyroidectomy via cervical access was performed for parathyroid adenomas. After 6 years, clinical and laboratory relapse of disease required thoracoscopic resection of atypically located anterior mediastinal adenoma. This case demonstrates that this disease is one of the most difficult in modern medicine requiring a special approach in diagnosis and treatment. Patients with CKD and hyperparathyroidism need for follow-up, control of total and ionized serum calcium, inorganic phosphorus and parathormone, osteodensitometry, ultrasound and scintigraphy of thyroid and parathyroid glands, and, if necessary, CT or MRI of the neck and chest organs.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Neoplasias das Paratireoides , Paratireoidectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/cirurgia , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/complicações , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/diagnóstico , Paratireoidectomia/métodos , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Toracoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Neoplasias do Mediastino/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Mediastino/complicações , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/cirurgia , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/etiologia , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Mediastino/cirurgia
7.
Radiologia (Engl Ed) ; 66(3): 236-247, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38908885

RESUMO

Preoperative localization of parathyroid pathology, generally a parathyroid adenoma, can be difficult in some cases due to the anatomical variants that these glands present. The objective of this review is to analyse the different imaging techniques used for preoperative localization of parathyroid pathology (scintigraphy, ultrasound, CT, MRI and PET). There is great variability between the different tests for the preoperative localization of parathyroid pathology. The importance of knowing the different diagnostic options lies in the need to choose the most suitable test at each moment and for each patient for an adequate management of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) with surgical criteria.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Paratireoides , Humanos , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Doenças das Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens ; 33(4): 375-382, 2024 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701324

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is the major peptide hormone regulator of blood calcium homeostasis. Abnormal PTH levels can be observed in patients with various congenital and acquired disorders, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). This review will focus on rare human diseases caused by PTH mutations that have provided insights into the regulation of PTH synthesis and secretion as well as the diagnostic utility of different PTH assays. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the past years, numerous diseases affecting calcium and phosphate homeostasis have been defined at the molecular level that are responsible for reduced or increased serum PTH levels. The underlying genetic mutations impair parathyroid gland development, involve the PTH gene itself, or alter function of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) or its downstream signaling partners that contribute to regulation of PTH synthesis or secretion. Mutations in the pre sequence of the mature PTH peptide can, for instance, impair hormone synthesis or intracellular processing, while amino acid substitutions affecting the secreted PTH(1-84) impair PTH receptor (PTH1R) activation, or cause defective cleavage of the pro-sequence and thus secretion of a pro- PTH with much reduced biological activity. Mutations affecting the secreted hormone can alter detection by different PTH assays, thus requiring detailed knowledge of the utilized diagnostic test. SUMMARY: Rare diseases affecting PTH synthesis and secretion have offered helpful insights into parathyroid biology and the diagnostic utility of commonly used PTH assays, which may have implications for the interpretation of PTH measurements in more common disorders such as CKD.


Assuntos
Mutação , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Humanos , Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Hormônio Paratireóideo/genética , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/genética , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/metabolismo , Glândulas Paratireoides/metabolismo , Doenças Raras/diagnóstico , Doenças Raras/genética , Animais , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/genética , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Receptor Tipo 1 de Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 1 de Hormônio Paratireóideo/genética
9.
World J Surg ; 48(7): 1710-1720, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38797994

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Post-surgical hypoparathyroidism often occurs after total thyroidectomy (TT). The aim of this study is to investigate whether the use of near-infrared autofluorescence (NIRAF) of parathyroid glands (PGs) can aid experienced surgeons in identifying more PGs during surgery, potentially reducing unintended resection, and assessing its impact on post-surgical hypoparathyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing at least a TT by two experienced surgeons, between 2020 and 2021, were enrolled and randomized into two cohorts: NIRAF group (NG) and CONTROL group (CG). Transient hypoparathyroidism was defined by serum concentration of PTH<12 ng/mL at the 1st post-operative day and permanent by the need of calcium-active vitamin D treatment >6 months from the surgery with still undetectable PTH or <12 ng/m. RESULTS: Among 236 patients (111 in NG, 125 in CG), the number of PGs identified was higher in NG (93.9%, 417/444) compared to CG (81.4%, 407/500) (p < 0.001), with a mean of 3.76 ± 0.44 PGs per patient in NG and 3.25 ± 0.79 in CG. The number of unintendedly resected PGs was 14 in NG and 42 in CG (p < 0.0001). Transient hypoparathyroidism was observed in 18 patients (16.2%) in NG and 40 patients (32.0%) in CG (p = 0.004). Permanent hypoparathyroidism affected 1 patient in NG and 7 patients in CG (p = 0.06). The mean operative time was longer in NG (104.3 ± 32.08 min) compared to CG (85.5 ± 40.62 min) (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: NIRAF enhances the identification of PGs, preventing their inadvertent resection and reducing the overall incidence of post-surgical hypoparathyroidism.


Assuntos
Hipoparatireoidismo , Glândulas Paratireoides , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Tireoidectomia , Humanos , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hipoparatireoidismo/prevenção & controle , Hipoparatireoidismo/etiologia , Hipoparatireoidismo/sangue , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Idoso
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(17): e37866, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38669430

RESUMO

To investigate the value of preoperative ultrasound combined with 99mTc-MIBI imaging for the diagnosis of ectopic intrathyroid parathyroid gland (ETPG) in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). One hundred and eleven patients with SHPT who underwent total parathyroidectomy plus forearm transplantation from January 2015 to January 2022 in the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University were selected. All patients underwent routine preoperative ultrasonography and 99mTc-MIBI imaging, and with pathological diagnosis as the gold standard, the clinical data of ETPG patients were selected, including clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, preoperative ultrasonography and 99mTc-MIBI imaging for localization and diagnosis, intraoperative exploration and postoperative pathology, and postoperative follow-up. To analyze the ultrasound manifestations of preoperative parathyroid hyperplasia and the results of 99mTc-MIBI imaging in patients with ETPG. Among 111 patients with SHPT, there were 5 patients with ETPG, 1 male and 4 females with a mean age of (45.00 ±â€…5.05) years, and 6 ectopic parathyroid glands were located in the thyroid gland. The incidence of ETPG was 4.5% (5/111), 4 were detected by ultrasound, 2 were not detected with a diagnostic accuracy of 66.7% (4/6), 3 were positive for 99mTc-MIBI imaging, 3 were negative with a diagnostic accuracy of 50.0% (3/6). Among them, one was not detected by ultrasound, but was positive for 99mTc-MIBI imaging, 2 with negative 99mTc-MIBI imaging, but all were detected by ultrasound, and one with negative 99mTc-MIBI imaging was detected by ultrasound but misdiagnosed as a thyroid nodule. A total of 5 ETPGs were detected by ultrasound combined with 99mTc-MIBI imaging, with a diagnostic accuracy of 83.3% (5/6). Patients' postoperative serum calcium and serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were normalized or significantly decreased from preoperative levels. Ultrasound combined with 99mTc-MIBI imaging can achieve higher accuracy than either examination alone in the preoperative localization and diagnosis of ETPG in SHPT patients.


Assuntos
Coristoma , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário , Glândulas Paratireoides , Tecnécio Tc 99m Sestamibi , Glândula Tireoide , Ultrassonografia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto , Coristoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Coristoma/complicações , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Cintilografia/métodos , Paratireoidectomia/métodos
12.
Br J Surg ; 111(4)2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that low-volume surgeons with no experience in parathyroid surgery are at increased risk of causing parathyroid gland damage during thyroid surgery. The aim of this RCT was to evaluate the impact of using autofluorescence in hemithyroidectomy on parathyroid gland identification and preservation in a low-volume institution with no experience in parathyroid surgery. METHODS: Patients referred for hemithyroidectomy were randomized 1 : 1 to either autofluorescence-guided hemithyroidectomy (the near-infrared autofluorescence group) or conventional hemithyroidectomy (the control group). The primary outcome was parathyroid gland identification rate. Secondary outcomes were the rate of parathyroid gland autotransplantation and the rate of inadvertent parathyroid gland excision. RESULTS: A total of 170 patients were randomized to either autofluorescence-guided hemithyroidectomy (84 patients) or conventional hemithyroidectomy (86 patients). In the near-infrared autofluorescence group, 81.0% of parathyroid glands were identified, compared with 57.0% in the control group (P < 0.001). Autofluorescence enabled parathyroid gland visualization before the naked eye in 46.3% of cases. Surgeons had lower confidence in the parathyroid gland identification process in the control group than in the near-infrared autofluorescence group (59.1% versus 87.5% respectively; P < 0.001). In the near-infrared autofluorescence group, the parathyroid gland autotransplantation rate was initially high, but declined over time. There was no difference in the rate of inadvertent parathyroid gland excision. CONCLUSION: Autofluorescence guidance significantly improved the parathyroid gland identification rate in hemithyroidectomy in a low-volume institution with no experience in parathyroid surgery and provided an increase in surgical confidence. The pattern of parathyroid gland autotransplantation in autofluorescence-guided surgery indicates the presence of a learning curve. REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05044351 (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov).


Damage to the parathyroid glands is common during thyroid surgery. The main reason for that is that they can be difficult to see during surgery. The aim of this study was to see if the use of a new near-infrared camera during thyroid surgery could make it easier to see the parathyroid glands. Patients, where removal of part of their thyroid gland was planned, were randomly assigned to one of two groups. In the first group, the near-infrared camera was used, whereas it was not used in the other group. When the near-infrared camera was used, more parathyroid glands were found and the surgeons felt more secure in their handling of parathyroid glands.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Endócrinos , Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia , Curva de Aprendizado , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia
13.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 108, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative hypoparathyroidism caused by parathyroid injury is a problem faced by thyroid surgeons. The current technologies for parathyroid imaging all have some defects. METHODS: Patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) who underwent unilateral thyroidectomy plus ipsilateral central lymph node dissection were recruited. We dissected the main trunk of the superior thyroid artery entering the thyroid gland and placed the venous indwelling tube into the artery. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 132 patients enrolled in this single-arm clinical trial, 105 of them completed retrograde catheterization via the superior artery. The sensitivity was 69.23 and 83.33% respectively. The specificity was 72.91 and 64.89%. The accuracy was 72.91 and 64.89%. The PPV was 85.71 and 81.08%. The NPV was 22.58 and 45.45%. There were no patients with allergic reactions to the methylene blue, or methylene blue toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Retrograde injection of methylene blue via the superior thyroid artery is an effective and safe method to visualize parathyroid glands. This method can accurately locate the target organ by ultraselecting the blood vessel and injecting the contrast agent while avoiding background contamination and reducing the amount of contrast agent. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical trial registration numbers and date of registration: ChiCTR2300077263、02/11/2023.


Assuntos
Glândulas Paratireoides , Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Artérias , Meios de Contraste , Azul de Metileno , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
14.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(4)2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604742

RESUMO

This is a case of primary hyperparathyroidism in a female teenager with multiple fractures and severe bone manifestations. The histopathology revealed atypical parathyroid adenoma, an exceedingly rare form of hyperparathyroidism; its main differential diagnosis is parathyroid carcinoma, as it shares both clinical and histological characteristics with it, in addition to its still uncertain malignant potential.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo , Neoplasias das Paratireoides , Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândulas Paratireoides/patologia , Osso e Ossos/patologia
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(8)2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38673977

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential canonical sub-family channel 3 (TRPC3) is considered to play a critical role in calcium homeostasis. However, there are no established findings in this respect with regard to TRPC6. Although the parathyroid gland is a crucial organ in calcium household regulation, little is known about the protein distribution of TRPC channels-especially TRPC3 and TRPC6-in this organ. Our aim was therefore to investigate the protein expression profile of TRPC3 and TRPC6 in healthy and diseased human parathyroid glands. Surgery samples from patients with healthy parathyroid glands and from patients suffering from primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) were investigated by immunohistochemistry using knockout-validated antibodies against TRPC3 and TRPC6. A software-based analysis similar to an H-score was performed. For the first time, to our knowledge, TRPC3 and TRPC6 protein expression is described here in the parathyroid glands. It is found in both chief and oxyphilic cells. Furthermore, the TRPC3 staining score in diseased tissue (pHPT) was statistically significantly lower than that in healthy tissue. In conclusion, TRPC3 and TRPC6 proteins are expressed in the human parathyroid gland. Furthermore, there is strong evidence indicating that TRPC3 plays a role in pHPT and subsequently in parathyroid hormone secretion regulation. These findings ultimately require further research in order to not only confirm our results but also to further investigate the relevance of these channels and, in particular, that of TRPC3 in the aforementioned physiological functions and pathophysiological conditions.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário , Glândulas Paratireoides , Canais de Cátion TRPC , Canal de Cátion TRPC6 , Humanos , Canais de Cátion TRPC/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPC/genética , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/metabolismo , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/genética , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/patologia , Glândulas Paratireoides/metabolismo , Glândulas Paratireoides/patologia , Feminino , Masculino , Canal de Cátion TRPC6/metabolismo , Canal de Cátion TRPC6/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hormônio Paratireóideo/metabolismo
16.
Radiography (Lond) ; 30(3): 995-1000, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38688163

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dual phase technetium-99mTc-methoxy isobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) single-photon emission computed tomography with computed tomography (SPECT/CT) may be the most accurate conventional imaging approach for localization of enlarged parathyroid gland (EPG). The imaging is based on the radiopharmaceutical (RP) retention in EPG compared to washout from normal thyroid and normal parathyroid glands. This study aimed to estimate and optimize the contribution of computed tomography (CT) scan and scan range to effective dose (ED) in dual-phase MIBI SPECT/CT parathyroid scintigraphy. METHODS: The study included seventy-four patients; thirty-seven with reduced and thirty-seven with extended CT scan range. The ED caused by the CT scan was calculated using Dose Length Product (DLP) data and estimated using the Imaging Performance Assessment of CT scanners (ImPACT) calculator. RESULTS: For all patients, the contribution of CT to the ED in a combined SPECT/CT examination was 2.62 ± 0.29 mSv (48%). The contribution of CT to the total ED was 1.8 ± 0.18 mSv (33%) when using reduced and 3.44 ± 0.23 mSv (64%) when using extended scan range. The DLP and ED were statistically significantly different between the reduced and extended CT scan range (p < 0.001) in the first and second phases. The individual organ dose was reduced from 8% to 94%. CONCLUSION: The hybrid SPECT/CT improves the interpretation of nuclear medicine images and also increases the radiation dose to the patient. An adequately defined CT scan range on SPECT/CT imaging, can significantly reduce a patient's ED. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The research findings showed that knowledge of anatomy, pathology and technology can provide optimising diagnostic procedures and reduce patient ED after SPECT/CT scans.


Assuntos
Exposição à Radiação , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Tecnécio Tc 99m Sestamibi , Idoso , Doses de Radiação , Adulto , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
17.
Am Surg ; 90(6): 1514-1520, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557257

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to assess the outcomes of parathyroid gland reimplantation with PR-FaST technique in patients undergoing thyroid surgery, focusing on graft functionality over a 5-year follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from 131 patients who underwent parathyroid reimplantation using the PR-FaST technique during thyroid surgery due to inadvertent parathyroid removal or evident vascular damage. Postoperative evaluations included serum calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and phosphorus (P) analyses on the 1st and 2nd postoperative days, at 10 days, and at 1, 3, 6 months, 1 year, and 5 years of follow-up. Additionally, the mean values of serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentration were measured from blood samples collected from both the reimplanted arm (iPTH RA) and non-reimplanted arm (iPTH NRA) within the same period. RESULTS: Among 131 patients, at 10 days post-surgery, only 46 patients (35.1%) out of 131 exhibited graft viability (iPTH ratio >1.5). This percentage increased to 72.8% (94 patients) after 1 month and further to 87.8% (108 patients) after 3 months post-surgery. At 1 year, 84.7% of patients showed good graft functionality. After 5 years, the percentage remained stable, with graft viability observed in 81.3% of patients. Only 91 of the initial 131 patients completed follow-up up to 5 years, with a dropout rate of 30.5 %. CONCLUSIONS: Parathyroid reimplantation using the PR-FaST technique is a viable option for patients undergoing thyroidectomy and has been shown to be a reproducible and effective technique in most patients, with sustained graft functionality and parathyroid hormone production over a 5-year follow-up period.


Assuntos
Antebraço , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Glândulas Paratireoides , Tireoidectomia , Humanos , Glândulas Paratireoides/transplante , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Feminino , Seguimentos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Antebraço/cirurgia , Reimplante/métodos , Tela Subcutânea , Idoso , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Tempo
18.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 177, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is a disease caused by hypersecretion of one or more parathyroid glands, it can be associated with ectopic mediastinal parathyroid glands (MEPA) in 2% of cases. The use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for the surgical resection of these glands is a safe, cost-effective, and low morbidity option for patients with MEPA. We report a case series of patients with this disease managed with VATS, the first in Mexico and Latinamerica. METHODS: From 2008 to 2022, a retrospective study involving patients with MEPA and treated by VATS approach was performed in a tertiary hospital in Mexico city. Relevant biochemical and clinical variables such as imaging studies, pre and postoperative laboratory results, surgical strategy, outcomes and pathological analysis were analyzed. RESULTS: Four cases of mediastinal parathyroid adenomas causing HPT were included. All patients were female with a median age of 52.5 years-old (range 46-59 years), half of the patients had primary HPT and the others tertiary HPT after kidney transplant. 75% of cases had a MEPA in the medium mediastinum, all had a preoperative positive SPECT-CT 99mTc Sestamibi scan. Mean preoperative PTH was 621.3pg/mL (182-1382pg/mL). All patients successfully underwent parathyroidectomy with a VATS approach, no deaths were reported. CONCLUSIONS: VATS is a minimally invasive surgery that provides adequate access to mediastinal located glands, optimal visualization of mediastinal structures and has a high resection success rate with less complications and morbidity than open approaches.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Paratireoides , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/cirurgia , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/patologia , Mediastino/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Glândulas Paratireoides/patologia , Paratireoidectomia/métodos , Tecnécio Tc 99m Sestamibi
19.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 228, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ectopic superior parathyroid in the tracheoesophageal groove and paraesophageal region is rare. Hyperparathyroidism results when these glands become hyperfunctioning. That may necessitate surgical intervention in the form of parathyroidectomy, which requires a transsternal or transthoracic approach due to a deeply seated mediastinal parathyroid gland. Minimally invasive strategies have emerged recently as an alternative approach with less morbidity. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of the paraesophageal ectopic parathyroid gland in the superior posterior mediastinum, which was successfully treated with thoracoscopic resection. CONCLUSION: The current imaging tools improve the thoracoscopic management of mediastinal parathyroid glands. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) can provide access and exposure to ectopic parathyroid adenoma with low morbidity and financial burden.


Assuntos
Mediastino , Neoplasias das Paratireoides , Humanos , Mediastino/cirurgia , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/cirurgia , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Paratireoidectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos
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