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1.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277504, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In developing countries, home delivery without a skilled birth attendant is a common practice. It has been evidenced that unattended birth is linked with serious life-threatening complications for both the women and the newborn. Institutional delivery with a skilled birth assistance could reduce 20-30% of neonatal mortality. This study aimed to assess traditional birth attendants' (TBAs) utilization and associated factors for women who gave birth in the last two years in Angolella Tara District, Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was employed among 416 women who gave birth in the last two years at rural Angolella Tara District. Study participants were recruited by using a simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using a structured, pretested, and interviewer-administered questionnaire. Epi Data 4.6 and SPSS version 25 were used for data entry and analysis, respectively. A multivariable logistic regression model was fitted to identify factors associated with women's utilization of traditional birth attendants. The level of significance in the last model was determined at a p-value of <0.05. RESULT: Overall, 131 (31.5%) participants were used traditional birth attendants in their recent birth. Unmarried marital status (AOR 2.63; 95% CI: 1.16, 5.97), age at first marriage (AOR 2.31; 95%CI: 1.30, 4.09), time to reach health facility (AOR = 3.46; 95% CI: 1.94, 6.17), know danger sign of pregnancy and childbirth (AOR = 5.59, 95% CI; 2.89, 10.81), positive attitude towards traditional birth attendants (AOR = 2.56 95% CI; 1.21,5.52), had antenatal care follow-up (AOR: 0.11 95% CI 0.058, 0.21), and listening radio (AOR = 0.43; 95% CI: 0.18, 0.99) were significantly associated factors with the use of traditional birth attendants. CONCLUSION: Nearly one-third of women used traditional birth attendant services for their recent birth. TBAs availability and accessibility in the community, and respect for culture and tradition, problems regarding infrastructure, delay or unavailability of ambulance upon call, and some participants knowing only TBAs for birth assistance were reasons for preference of TBAs. Therefore, effort should be made by care providers and policymakers to ensure that modern health care services are accessible for women in a friendly and culturally sensitive manner. In addition, advocacy through mass media about the importance of maternal health service utilization, particularly antenatal care would be important.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Parto , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Parto Obstétrico
2.
Natl Vital Stat Rep ; 71(8): 1-10, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36409968

RESUMO

Objectives-This report describes changes between 2020 and 2021 in the percentage of home births by month, race and Hispanic origin, and state of residence of the mother, and makes comparisons with changes occurring between 2019 and 2020.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Gravidez , Feminino , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Mães , Hispânico ou Latino
3.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 2087, 2022 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globally, 11.4 million untreated obstetric complications did not receive Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (EmONC) services yearly, with the highest burden in low and middle-income countries. Half of the Ethiopian women with obstetric complications did not receive EmONC services. However, essential aspects of the problem have not been assessed in depth. This study, therefore, explored the various aspects of barriers and enablers to women's EmONC services utilization in southern Ethiopia. METHODOLOGY: A qualitative case study research design was used in nine districts of the Wolaita Zone. A total of 37 study participants were selected using a purposive stratified sampling technique and interviewed till data saturation. Twenty-two key informant interviews were conducted among front-line EmONC service providers, managers, community leaders, and traditional birth attendants (TBAs). Individual in-depth interviews were conducted among 15 women with obstetric complications. The trustworthiness of the research was assured by establishing credibility, transferability, conformability, and dependability. NVivo 12 was used to assist with the thematic data analysis. RESULT: Five themes emerged from the analysis: service users' perception and experience (knowledge, perceived quality, reputation, respectful care, and gender); community-related factors (misconceptions, traditional practices, family and peer influence, and traditional birth attendants' role); access and availability of services (infrastructure and transportation); healthcare financing (drugs and supplies, out-of-pocket expenses, and fee exemption); and health facility-related factors (competency, referral system, waiting time, and leadership). CONCLUSION: Many women and their newborns in the study area suffered severe and life-threatening complications because of the non-utilization or delayed utilization of EmONC services. A key policy priority should be given to enhancing women's awareness, eliminating misconceptions, improving women's autonomy, and ensuring traditional practices' role in EmONC service utilization. Community awareness interventions are required to enhance service uptake. Furthermore, the health systems must emphasize improving the quality of care, inequitable distribution of EmONC facilities, and essential drugs. The financial constraints need to be addressed to motivate women from low socioeconomic status. Furthermore, intersectoral collaboration is required to maintain a legal framework to control and prohibit home deliveries and empower women.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Parto Domiciliar , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Etiópia , Instalações de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0276682, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36301942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Home birth preference is the need of pregnant women to give birth at their home with the help of traditional (unskilled) birth attendants. Homebirth with unskilled birth attendants during childbirth is the main leading indicator for maternal and newborn death. In Ethiopia, numbers of women prefer homebirth which is assisted by unskilled personal. However, there is no information regarding the problem in the Arba Minch zuria woreda. Therefore, it is important to identify prevalence of preference of homebirth and associated factors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the preference of home birth and associated factors among pregnant women in Arba Minch health and demographic surveillance site. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women in Arba Minch health and demographic surveillance site, from May 1 to June 1, 2021. Using simple random sampling technique, 416 study samples were selected. Data were collected by interviewer-administered questionnaire. Data were coded and entered into Epi-Data version 4.4.2.1 computer software and exported to Statistical Package for Social Sciences software version 25 for analysis. Bi-variable binary logistic regression for the selection of potential candidate variables at p-value < 0.25 for multivariable analysis and multivariable binary logistic regression to identify the association between homebirth preference and independent variables were carried out. The level of statistical significance was declared at a p-value < 0.05. RESULT: In this study, in Arba Minch demographic health surveillance site, the prevalence of preference of pregnant women to give birth at their home was 24% [95%CI: (19.9%-28.2%)] The factors significantly associated with the preference of home birth were husband involvement in decision making [AOR: 0.14 (0.05-0.38)], no access of road for transportation [AOR: 2.4 (1.2-5.18)], not heard about the benefit of institutional birth [AOR: 5.3 (2.3-12.2)], poor knowledge about danger signs [AOR: 3 (1.16-7.6)], negative attitude toward services [AOR: 3.1 (1.19-8.02)], and high fear to give birth at institution [AOR: 5.12 (2.4-10.91)]. CONCLUSIONS: In Arba Minch demographic health surveillance site, the prevalence of preference of pregnant women to give birth at their home was 24%. Husband involvement in decision making, no access of road for transportation, not heard about the benefit of institutional birth, poor knowledge about danger signs, negative attitude toward services, and high fear to give birth at health institutions were factors significantly associated with the preference of home birth.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Gestantes , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Demografia
5.
BMJ Open ; 12(9): e051747, 2022 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130758

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Choice of birth setting is important and it is valuable to know how reconfiguring available settings may affect midwifery staffing needs. COVID-19-related health system pressures have meant restriction of community births. We aimed to model the potential of service reconfigurations to offset midwifery staffing shortages. METHODS: We adapted the Birthrate Plus method to develop a tool that models the effects on intrapartum and postnatal midwifery staffing requirements of changing service configurations for low-risk births. We tested our tool on two hypothetical model trusts with different baseline configurations of hospital and community low-risk birth services, representing those most common in England, and applied it to scenarios with midwifery staffing shortages of 15%, 25% and 35%. In scenarios with midwifery staffing shortages above 15%, we modelled restricting community births in line with professional guidance on COVID-19 service reconfiguration. For shortages of 15%, we modelled expanding community births per the target of the Maternity Transformation programme. RESULTS: Expanding community births with 15% shortages required 0.0 and 0.1 whole-time equivalent more midwives in our respective trusts compared with baseline, representing 0% and 0.1% of overall staffing requirements net of shortages. Restricting home births with 25% shortages reduced midwifery staffing need by 0.1 midwives (-0.1% of staffing) and 0.3 midwives (-0.3%). Suspending community births with 35% shortages meant changes of -0.3 midwives (-0.3%) and -0.5 midwives (-0.5%) in the two trusts. Sensitivity analysis showed that our results were robust even under extreme assumptions. CONCLUSION: Our model found that reconfiguring maternity services in response to shortages has a negligible effect on intrapartum and postnatal midwifery staffing needs. Given this, with lower degrees of shortage, managers can consider increasing community birth options where there is demand. In situations of severe shortage, reconfiguration cannot recoup the shortage and managers must decide how to modify service arrangements.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Parto Domiciliar , Tocologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Inglaterra , Feminino , Humanos , Tocologia/métodos , Gravidez , Recursos Humanos
6.
Reprod Health ; 19(1): 193, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36127709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Institutional delivery care-seeking behavior is considered a crucial step in preventing maternal and child death. However, the barriers and facilitators related to institutional delivery care-seeking behavior in the study area were not studied very in-depth. Hence, the current study aimed to explore barriers and enablers of institutional delivery care-seeking behavior in Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A descriptive phenomenological qualitative inquiry was used. The data was collected by using a piloted interview guide. We collected data using in-depth interviews among women and men; and key informant interviews from the Female health development army and health extension workers in November and December 2019. Framework analysis was utilized for the analysis of the data. RESULTS: This study found out the potential factors which hinder and facilitate institutional delivery. The barriers to institutional delivery included the belief that pregnancy and childbirth are normal and business of women's, women's preference of home delivery with traditional attendants, family influence, fear of bad behavior of health care workers, and lack of resources. The facilitators were free maternal services (ambulance services and maternity services), having the experience of safe childbirth at health facilities, and women's health development army linkage with health extension workers. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that low-risk perception of home delivery, socio-cultural influences, service provision modalities, and financial factors were the determinants of institutional delivery service use. Therefore, a stage-matched intervention shall be designed to improve the uptake of institutional delivery service use.


Institutional delivery plays a critical role in the prevention of maternal death and improves newborn health. Although most of maternal health services were free of charge in Ethiopia, institutional delivery is low in the rural Central Gondar zone of Wogera and East Dembiya districts. Low institutional delivery was the major contributors to high maternal deaths in Ethiopia. This low utilization of institutional delivery in the study area could also affect the health status of the newborn.This study was conducted to explore the community perceptions of the socio-cultural and health service factors influencing institutional delivery. Overall, 30 interviews (18 In-depth and 12 Key-informants) were conducted in the selected rural kebeles of Wogera and East Dembiya districts to collect data from women and their husbands for in-depth interview; and key informant interviews from the female health development army and health extension workers.The facilitators of institutional delivery categorized into three themes; namely, free maternal services (ambulance services and maternity services), having the experience of safe childbirth at health facilities, and women's health development army linkage with health extension workers.The socio-cultural factors impeding institutional delivery categorized into five themes; namely, the belief that pregnancy and childbirth are normal and business of women's, women's preference of home delivery with traditional attendants, family influence, fear of bad behavior of health care workers, and lack of resources.Conducting a stage-matched intervention shall be designed to improve the uptake of institutional delivery service use in Wogera and East dembiya districts.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Criança , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Percepção , Gravidez
7.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 653, 2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of institutional delivery services is essential for improving maternal and child health. However, studies in Liberia reveal over 20% of women still deliver at home. We assessed the prevalence and associated factors of home delivery among women of reproductive age in Margibi County, Liberia. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 438 women of reproductive age in Margibi County. Data were obtained using a semi-structured questionnaire. A simple random sampling approach was used to select the participants for the study. We performed binary logistic regression to identify factors influencing home delivery. Findings were summarized into tables displaying the frequencies, percentages, crude, and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Prevalence of home delivery in the County was 90.6% (95% CI = 87.5 - 93.0). Women who were ≥ 31 years (aOR = 6.74, 95%CI = 2.86-15.90), women who had two or more children (aOR = 9.68, 95%CI = 4.07-22.99) and those who had rapid onset of labor (aOR = 6.35, 95%CI = 1.59 - 25.27) were associated with increased odds of home delivery. Good attitude of health workers (aOR = 0.01, 95%CI = 0.001 - 0.08) and the availability of transport to the nearest health facility (aOR = 0.01, 95%CI = 0.003 - 0.03) were factors associated with a decreased odds of home delivery among the study participants. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of home delivery in the county is a call for urgent interventions by the government of Liberia and various non-governmental organizations. The government may need to supply the county with ambulances and ensure in-service training of health workers on good attitudes.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Parto Domiciliar , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Libéria/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Prevalência
8.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272849, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36007083

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Institutional delivery is crucial to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality as well as serious morbidities. However, in Ethiopia, home delivery (attended by an unskilled birth attendant) after antenatal care (ANC) visit is highly in practice. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the spatial variation and determinants of home delivery after antenatal care visits in Ethiopia. METHOD: A secondary data analysis was conducted using the 2019 mini Ethiopian demographic and health survey. A total of 2,923 women who had ANC visits were included. Spatial analysis was done by using GIS 10.7 and SaTscan 9.6. The risk areas for home delivery from GIS and spatial scan statistics results were reported. A multi-level logistic regression model was fitted using Stata14 to identify individual and community-level factors associated with home delivery after ANC visit. Finally, AOR with 95% CI and random effects were reported. RESULT: Home delivery after ANC visit was spatially clustered in Ethiopia(Moran's index = 0.52, p-value <0.01). The primary clusters were detected in Oromia and SNNP region (LLR = 37.48, p < 0.001 and RR = 2.30) and secondary clusters were located in Benishangul Gumuz, Amhara, Tigray and Afar (LLR = 29.45, p<0.001 and RR = 1.54). Being rural resident (AOR = 2.52; 95%CI 1.09-5.78), having no formal education (AOR = 3.19;95% CI 1.11-9.16), being in the poor (AOR = 2.20;95%CI 1.51-3.22) and middle wealth index (AOR = 2.07;95% CI 1.44-2.98), having one ANC visit (AOR = 2.64; 95% CI 1.41-4.94), and living in the agrarian region (AOR = 3.63; 95%CI 1.03-12.77) had increased the odds of home delivery after ANC visit. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION: Home delivery after ANC visit was spatially clustered in Ethiopia. Factors like maternal education, wealth index, number of ANC visits, residency and region were significantly associated with home delivery after ANC visit. Therefore, it is better to increase the number of ANC contact by giving health education, especially for women with low levels of education and better to improve the wealth status of women. A special strategy is also vital to reduce home delivery after ANC visit in those high-risk regions.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Análise Multinível , Gravidez , População Rural , Análise Espacial
9.
BMC Pediatr ; 22(1): 495, 2022 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35996110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accessibility and utilization of postnatal newborn check-ups within 2 days after delivery are critical for a child's survival, growth, and development. However, the service delivery is not yet improved and fluctuates across the geographical locations in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the spatial distribution and determinants of newborns not received postnatal check-ups within 2 days after birth in Ethiopia. METHODS: A secondary data analysis of the Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) 2016 was done among live births within 2 years preceding the survey. A multilevel binary logistic regression model was fitted to identify the factors associated with the outcome variable. Adjusted Odds Ratio with 95% (Confidence Interval) was calculated and used as a measure of associations and variables with a p-value < 0.05, were declared as statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 4036 live newborns in Ethiopia were included in the analysis, of whom half (51.21%) were females. The mean age of the mothers was 33+ SD 1.3, and more than 60 % (61.56%) of the mothers were not educated. The national prevalence of newborns not receiving postnatal check-ups within 2 days after birth was 84.29 (95% CI: 83.10-85.41) with significant spatial variations across the study area. Mothers who had no ANC visits were 58% higher than (AOR = 0.42(0.27-0.66) mothers who had > 4 ANC visits. Mothers who gave birth at home and others were 80% (AOR = 0.02(0.01-0.29) and 25% (AOR = 0.76(0.59-0.99), higher than mothers delivered at hospital. Rural mothers were 1.90 times higher (AOR = 1.90(1.29-2.81) than urban mothers, and mothers live in administrative regions of Afar 66% (AOR = 0.34(0.16-0.69), Oromia 47% (AOR = 0.53(0.30-0.91), Somali 60% (AOR = 0.40 (0.22-0.74),Benishangul 50% (AOR = 0.50 (0.27-0.92), SNNPR 67% (AOR = 0.33(0.19-0.57), Gambela 70% (AOR = 0.30 (0.16-0.56), Harari 56% (AOR = 0.44 (0.25-0.78), and Dire Dawa70% (AOR = 0.30 (0.17-0.54) were higher than Addis Abeba for not receiving postnatal checkup of new born within the first 2 days, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Low postnatal check-up utilization remains a big challenge in Ethiopia, with significant spatial variations across regional and local levels. Spatial clustering of not receiving postanal check-ups within 2 days was observed in Afar, Oromia, Gambela, Benishangul, SNNPR, Harari, and Dire Dawa regions. Residence, ANC visits, place of delivery, and administrative regions were significantly associated with not receiving postnatal check-ups. Geographically targeted interventions to improve ANC follow-up and institutional delivery should be strengthened.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mães , Análise Multinível , Parto , Gravidez , Análise Espacial
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36012096

RESUMO

Homebirth is legal and has been regulated by law in Hungary since 2012. Despite the obvious advantages of homebirth, it has not yet been broadly accepted, due to various opinions related to safety and risks associated with giving birth outside of a hospital. Our study aimed at exploring both real maternal and feto-neonatal characteristics associated with Hungarian homebirths. A total of 2997 cases were considered in support of our retrospective cohort study. In the examined period, there was a significant, continual rise in the number of homebirths by a rate of 0.22% on average per year. Aggregated maternal complications (primary uterine inertia, prolonged second stage labour, and third stage haemorrhage) were prevalent among homebirth cases (1.29% vs. 0.72%, p < 0.05) and were associated with an average of 11.77% rate of transfer to a health care institution. On the other hand, the rate of operative (vaginal or caesarean) delivery was 26.31% among institutionalized births. A slightly better Apgar score and relatively high rate (20%) of caesarean deliveries were correlated with institutionalized births (p < 0.05). However, the overall intervention rate was lower among homebirths (0.11% vs. 42.57%) than institutional birth cases (p < 0.001). Overall, homebirth is a reliable option for childbirth for healthy and low-risk mothers with uncomplicated pregnancies, which is reflected in the increasing number of deliveries at home in Hungary. Furthermore, utilizing the experiences of countries where homebirth is a long-established method may further improve the outcome of homebirths in Hungary.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Parto Domiciliar , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Recém-Nascido , Parto , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Womens Health (Lond) ; 18: 17455057221117957, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35959869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women's choice of place of delivery has implications on maternal and child mortality. This study aims to provide an updated and detailed comparison of prevalence and determinants of home delivery in the Philippines, and in urban and rural communities. METHODS: Based on data from the 2017 Philippine National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS), we estimated the prevalence of home delivery and determined factors influencing women's decision to deliver at home. Analyses were restricted to data from 7229 women who were cohabiting or married, and their last-born child using logistic regression methods for survey data. RESULTS: There remain a considerable proportion of women aged 15-49 years old who delivered at home (17.92% (95% confidence interval (CI): 15.77, 20.30)). More women in rural areas delivered at home (23.53% (95% CI: 20.38, 26.99)) than their counterparts in urban areas (10.72% (95% CI: 8.23, 13.85)), reflecting a significant difference in the home delivery prevalence of women relative to their place of residence. Our regression analyses showed that there is a relatively greater effect observed for the rural population in most of the proximal factors considered including birth order, women's decision-making power, and emergency preparedness during pregnancy. Wealth index has the most pronounced effect with a significant increase in odds of home delivery among urban and rural women of the lowest wealth categories. CONCLUSION: The use of institutional childbirth services remains suboptimal in the Philippines with significant disparities between urban and rural communities. Current strategies therefore need to adopt a multi-sectoral approach to address the complex factors influencing women's decision on place of delivery. Targeted efforts specific to population groups should also be made to contextualize and co-create health care services and solutions that will motivate them to deliver in health facilities.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Parto Obstétrico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Filipinas/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Prevalência , População Rural , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Acta Biomed ; 93(4): e2022227, 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36043966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: In Italy, the main birthplace is a hospital, and only a few women choose an out-of-hospital setting. This study assessed the costs related to delivery in different birthplaces in Italy. METHODS: The cost analysis considered direct and amortizable costs associated with mother-child care in physiological conditions. An analysis of the hospital births considered the Diagnoses-Related Groups 373 and 391. To estimate the cost of the births assisted privately by freelance midwives, an evaluation based on an experts' opinion was carried out. RESULTS: Childbirth hospital care in Italy amounts to € 1832.00, and birth in an out-of-hospital setting accredited with the National Health System has a full cost of € 1345.19 in the 'maternity home' and € 909.60 at home. The average cost of the birth in 'private maternity homes' amounted to € 3260.00, while at-home births amounted to € 2910.00. CONCLUSIONS: Any accreditation of out-of-hospital settings by the NHS would considerably reduce the waste of economic resources compared to hospital childbirth.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Tocologia , Custos e Análise de Custo , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Itália , Gravidez
13.
Ginekol Pol ; 93(9): 761-764, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35894481

RESUMO

Over the past centuries maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality has fallen dramatically. This is mainly due to the fact that we achieved a lot in the field of medicine in a very short amount of time. Evidence, mostly from Europe but also from US, suggested that home birth can be relatively safe provided the appropriate conditions are met. The question is "What if something goes wrong?" How to increase patient safety in the case of birth before arrival (BBA) or it may not be associated with any increased risk? Our study review nowadays available articles and describes rates, obstetrical characteristics and perinatal and maternal outcome of unplanned out-of-hospital deliveries.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Parto Domiciliar/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez
14.
Glob Health Action ; 15(1): 2080934, 2022 12 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35867544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Home delivery is associated with a high risk of maternal and neonatal mortality. The prevalence and factors associated with home delivery have been studied retrospectively among women in Ethiopia. However, no national studies have assessed pregnant women's preferences for home delivery. OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with preferences for home delivery among pregnant women in Ethiopia. METHODS: We analysed a sample of 678 pregnant women derived from the 2019 performance monitoring for action cross-sectional survey. The association between pregnant women's preferences for home delivery and several individual, household, healthcare, and community factors were explored through log-Poisson regression with robust variance. RESULTS: The weighted prevalence of pregnant women's preferences for home delivery in Ethiopia was 33%. Pregnant women between the ages of 15-19 years (PR = 2.3; 95% CI: 1.43-4.00) had a higher preference for home delivery compared to those above 34 years. Those who had no Antenatal care (ANC) visit in the current pregnancy (PR = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.11-2.11), multipara women (PR = 1.8; 95% CI: 1.19-2.92) those who did not discuss place of delivery with their partners (PR = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.18-2.10), did not participate in a community-based program called '1 to 5' network meetings (PR = 4.5; 95% CI: 1.09-18.95), and those who perceived low community support for facility delivery (PR = 2.2; 95% CI: 1.53-3.20) had a higher prevalence of home delivery preference compared to their references. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of pregnant women preferred home deliveries in Ethiopia. Household and community supporting factors such as not discussing place of delivery with a partner, not participating in women developmental army meetings, and perceived low community support were associated with preference for home delivery. Interventions should address these factors to increase facility deliveries in Ethiopia.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Gestantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Parto Obstétrico , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Salud Colect ; 18: e3848, 2022 05 16.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896317

RESUMO

Home birth has added a layer of complexity to the epistemology of birth, raising questions about its institutional aspects. From this standpoint, this article stems from an interest in the narratives that Chilean women ascribe to the scenario of home birth. Thirty women were interviewed between October 2018 and January 2019 using elements of body mapping. A central category emerged in thematic analysis: geo(corpo)graphies of home birth, which involves the deployment of the material/symbolic body in a manner that allows birth to occur. Three subcategories also emerged: creating the ideal setting for childbirth, which has to do with imagining and defining the ideal space for childbirth; the best place to give birth letting instincts flow, which is constructed by feeling and listening to the body; and resignifying the ideal scenario, which implies attributing a new meaning to the home in order to give birth. These geo(corpo)graphic narratives of home birth recognize corporality and its disposition in space, allowing birth to be collectively socialized, blurring the boundaries between the public and the private.


El parto en domicilio ha complejizado la epistemología del nacimiento cuestionando la institucionalidad. Así surge el interés por conocer las narrativas que las mujeres chilenas le otorgan al escenario del parto en domicilio. Entre octubre de 2018 y enero de 2019, se entrevistó a 30 mujeres utilizando elementos de los mapeos corporales. Mediante el análisis temático emergió la categoría central geo(corpo)grafías del parto en domicilio, que implica un despliegue del cuerpo material/simbólico que permite que el nacimiento suceda; y tres subcategorías: crear el escenario ideal para el parto, que responde a imaginar y concretar el espacio ideal del nacimiento; el mejor lugar para parir dejando fluir los instintos, que se construye a partir de sentir y escuchar el cuerpo; y resignificar el escenario ideal, que implica otorgar un nuevo significado al domicilio para dar a luz. Las narrativas geo(corpo)gráficas del parto en domicilio reconocen la corporalidad y la disposición de este en el espacio, y permiten socializar el nacimiento y difuminar la barrera entre lo público y lo privado.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Chile , Parto Obstétrico , Feminino , Humanos , Parto , Gravidez
16.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 600, 2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35896986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the years, governments and stakeholders have implemented various policies/programmes to improve maternal health outcomes in low-middle-income countries. In Ghana, Community Health Officers were trained as midwives to increase access to skilled maternal healthcare. The government subsequently banned traditional birth attendants from providing direct maternal healthcare in 2000. Despite these, there is an unprecedented utilisation of TBAs' services, including herbal uterotonics. This has attempted to defeat stakeholders' campaigns to improve maternal health outcomes. Thus, we explored and highlighted herbal uterotonic consumption in pregnancy and birth and the implications on maternal and newborn health outcomes in North-Western Ghana. METHODS: This was an exploratory qualitative study that investigated traditional birth attendants (n = 17) and healthcare providers' (n = 26) perspectives on the intake of herbal uterotonics in pregnancy and childbirth in rural Ghana, using in-depth interviews. A combination of convenience, purposive and snowball sampling procedures were employed in selecting participants. RESULTS: Findings were captured in two domains: (1) perceived rationale for herbal uterotonic intake, and (2) potential adverse impacts of herbal uterotonic intake in pregnancy and labour, and nine topics: (i) confidence in unskilled attendance at birth, (ii) cost and a shortage of essential medicines, (iii) herbal uterotonics as a remedy for obstetric problems, (iv) herbal uterotonics facilitate birth, (v) attraction of home birth for cultural reasons, (vi) affordability of herbal uterotonics, (vii) unintended consequences and adverse outcomes, (viii) risks using herbal uterotonics to manage fertility and (ix) risks using herbal uterotonics to facilitate home birth. CONCLUSION: The findings have suggested that the intake of non-conventional herbal uterotonic is widespread in the study area, although the constituents of the herb are unknown. However, complex and multiple factors of healthcare cost, desire for homebirth, unawareness of the negative effects of such substances, perceived way of addressing obstetric problems and cultural undertones, among others, accounted for herbal uterotonics consumption. We also encourage research into the constituents of 'mansugo' and the potential benefits and adverse effects. We recommend qualitative studies involving previous users of this herbal uterotonic to inform policy and healthcare provision.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Trabalho de Parto , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Parto , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
17.
Int Breastfeed J ; 17(1): 54, 2022 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35871076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhancing timely breastfeeding initiation within the first hour postpartum is a goal the WHO's Early Essential Newborn Care (EENC) and Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) aim to achieve globally. However, many health professionals and facilities have yet to adopt these guidelines in Cambodia, impeding timely initiation progress and maternal-infant health goals. METHODS: This secondary data analysis used the 2014 Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey (CDHS) data of 2,729 women who gave birth in the two years preceding the survey to examine the association between place of birth and timely breastfeeding initiation. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test and multivariable logistic regression were performed. Pairwise interaction terms between place of birth and each covariate were included in the regression model to examine the presence of multiplicative effect modification. RESULTS: The prevalence of timely breastfeeding initiation was 62.9 percent. Most women gave birth in public health facilities (72.8%) followed by private health facilities (15.9%) and at home (11.2%). The proportions of timely breastfeeding initiation differ by place of birth (p < 0.001). In the multivariable model, there was a significant interaction between place of birth and household wealth index and between place of birth and residence on timely initiation. Among women who reside in poor households, the odds of timely initiation were lower among women who gave birth at home compared to those who gave birth in public health facilities, adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) 0.43 (0.21, 0.88). For urban settings, the odds of timely breastfeeding initiation were lower among women who gave birth in private health facilities compared to those who gave birth in public health facilities 0.52 (0.36, 0.75). For rural settings, the odds of timely breastfeeding initiation were lower among women who gave birth at home compared to those who gave birth in public health facilities 0.55 (0.31, 0.97). CONCLUSIONS: Wealth index and residence moderated the association between place of birth and timely breastfeeding initiation in Cambodia. To improve breastfeeding outcomes and eliminate practices impeding timely initiation, breastfeeding advocacy programs need greater integration and follow-up in Cambodia's health systems, including among home birth attendants and private health facilities.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Asiáticos , Camboja , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Parto Domiciliar , Hospitais Privados , Hospitais Públicos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Parto , Gravidez , População Rural , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo , População Urbana
18.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 447, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pakistan has one of the highest neonatal and maternal mortality rates in the world. Use of clean delivery kits (CDK) at time of delivery improves maternal and newborn outcome. We test effectiveness of a social marketing strategy to increase uptake of CDKs in a low socioeconomic peri-urban community in Pakistan. METHODS: This was a sequential mixed method study. The quantitative component consisted of two arms. In the prospective intervention arm trained community health workers (CHWs) visited pregnant women twice to prepare them for birth and encourage use of CDKs. Availability of these kits was ensured at accessible stores in these communities. The retrospective control arm consisted of women delivering in same area during the past 3 months identified from pregnancy register. Information was collected on sociodemographic, pregnancy characteristics and use of CDKs at time of delivery in both arms. We compared proportion of women using CDKs during home deliveries in the intervention and control arm. We performed logistic regression analysis to identify factors associated with use of CDKs in intervention arm. We carried out separate focused group discussions (FGDs) with women who used CDKs, with women who did not use CDKs and birth attendants. RESULTS: Total of 568 pregnant women were enrolled in prospective intervention arm and 603 in retrospective control arm. The proportion of women using CDKs during home deliveries in retrospective control arm was 9.4% compared to 23.8% in prospective control arm (p = < 0.001). In final multivariable model, increasing age of pregnant woman and husband having some education was positively associated with CDK use (aOR 1.1;95% CI 1.1-1.2 and aOR 2.2;95% CI 1.3-3.6 respectively). During FGDs, many women were of the thought that kits should be free or included in the amount charged by birth attendants. Assembly of components of kit into one package was appreciated by birth attendants. CONCLUSION: Social marketing strategy targeting pregnant women and their family members resulted in an increase in the uptake of CDKs in our study. Birth attendants were generally satisfied with the assembly of the kit. Many women cited unawareness and cost to be a major impediment in use of CDKs.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Marketing Social , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Paquistão , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 425, 2022 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35596165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mothers in rural Ethiopian communities prefer giving birth at home. In developing countries, traditional birth attendants play an important role in reducing the maternal mortality rate. In Ethiopia, however, their role during pregnancy, childbirth, the postnatal period, and their integration with health professionals is not clearly defined. This study aimed to explore the role of traditional birth attendants in feto-maternal care during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period, and integration with health professionals in the West Omo Zone, southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was used with triangulation of methods and data sources. We conducted in-depth interviews with traditional birth attendants, key informant interviews with health care professionals and community or religious leaders, and two focus group discussions with multiparous pregnant women. Each interview and focus group discussion was tape-recorded and the data obtained were transcribed and translated into English for analysis. The analysis was done based on thematic analysis framework. RESULTS: Traditional birth attendants stated that they used herbal remedies to treat nausea and vomiting, decrease pain during labor, and increase pregnant women's desire to push. The absence of incentives for their work, shortage of logistics, and lack of training was mentioned as challenges to the continuity of their roles. All study participants explained the importance of training traditional birth attendants on maternal and child health in rural communities. However, health care professionals reported that few traditional birth attendants advised mothers about traditional practices such as milk tooth extraction and uvulectomy. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION: Traditional birth attendants continued their roles despite the existing challenges. There was no integration between TBA and the formal health care system. The need for training traditional birth attendants has been emphasized by all study participants and its impact on reducing feto-maternal death was recognized by health care professionals. Therefore, the federal ministry of health should works better for the development of TBAs to scale up their skills across all regions in the country.


Assuntos
Parto Domiciliar , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , Criança , Feminino , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , População Rural
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