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1.
Poult Sci ; 102(2): 102396, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36565640

RESUMO

Goose astrovirus (GoAstV), goose parvovirus (GPV), and goose circovirus (GoCV) infections have similar symptoms, such as severe diarrhea, and cause serious economic losses to the goose industry globally. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a rapid and accurate method for the differential diagnosis of the 3 viruses. In this study, a TaqMan probe-based multiplex reverse transcription-qualitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) method was established and optimized for simultaneous detection of the three viruses. Three pairs of specific primers and probes were designed considering the conserved sequences of ORF2, VP3, and Rep of GoAstV, GPV, and GoCV, respectively. Singleplex real-time RT-qPCR detected a minimum of 10 copies of these genes, while multiplex real-time RT-qPCR detected a minimum of 100 copies. The correlation coefficients exceeded 0.99, and the amplification efficiency was 80 to 100%. The assay had high sensitivity, specificity, and repeatability. In 85 tissue samples, GoAstV and GPV were the main pathogens and demonstrated co-infection. This assay provides a rapid, efficient, specific, and sensitive tool for the detection of GoAstV, GPV, and GoCV. This can facilitate disease management and epidemiological surveillance.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Parvovirinae , Animais , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Gansos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/veterinária , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos
2.
Virol J ; 19(1): 212, 2022 12 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36494863

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and its variants, has posed unprecedented challenges worldwide. Existing vaccines have limited effectiveness against SARS-CoV-2 variants. Therefore, novel vaccines to match mutated viral lineages by providing long-term protective immunity are urgently needed. We designed a recombinant adeno-associated virus 5 (rAAV5)-based vaccine (rAAV-COVID-19) by using the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain (RBD-plus) sequence with both single-stranded (ssAAV5) and self-complementary (scAAV5) delivery vectors and found that it provides excellent protection from SARS-CoV-2 infection. A single-dose vaccination in mice induced a robust immune response; induced neutralizing antibody (NA) titers were maintained at a peak level of over 1:1024 more than a year post-injection and were accompanied by functional T-cell responses. Importantly, both ssAAV- and scAAV-based RBD-plus vaccines produced high levels of serum NAs against the circulating SARS-CoV-2 variants, including Alpha, Beta, Gamma and Delta. A SARS-CoV-2 virus challenge showed that the ssAAV5-RBD-plus vaccine protected both young and old mice from SARS-CoV-2 infection in the upper and lower respiratory tracts. Whole genome sequencing demonstrated that AAV vector DNA sequences were not found in the genomes of vaccinated mice one year after vaccination, demonstrating vaccine safety. These results suggest that the rAAV5-based vaccine is safe and effective against SARS-CoV-2 and several variants as it provides long-term protective immunity. This novel vaccine has a significant potential for development into a human prophylactic vaccination to help end the global pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Parvovirinae , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Vacinas Sintéticas/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais
3.
J Gen Virol ; 103(11)2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367762

RESUMO

Over the past few months there have been reports of severe acute hepatitis in several hundred, otherwise healthy, immunocompetent young children. Several deaths have been recorded and a relatively large proportion of the patients have needed liver transplants. Most of the cases, so far, have been seen in the UK and in North America, but it has also been reported in many other European countries, the Middle East and Asia. Most common viruses have been ruled out as a causative agent; hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) were not detected, nor were Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in many cases. A small proportion of the children had been infected with SARS-CoV-2 but these seem to be in a minority; similarly, almost none of the children had been vaccinated against COVID-19. Significantly, many of the patients were infected with adenovirus 41 (HAdV-F41). Previously, HAdV-41 had not been linked to hepatitis and is usually considered to cause gastroenteritis in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. In two most recent studies, adeno-associated virus 2 (AAV2) was detected in almost all patients, together with species C and F HAdVs and human herpesvirus 6B (HHV6B). Here, I discuss the possibility that a change in tropism of HAdV-41 and changes in AAV2 may be responsible for their links to acute hepatitis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Adenoviridae , COVID-19 , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Hepatite , Parvovirinae , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Adenoviridae , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , SARS-CoV-2 , Hepatite/complicações
4.
Virol J ; 19(1): 175, 2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36320007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Theiler's disease, a.k.a. equine serum hepatitis, is a devastating, highly fatal disease of horses. Equine parvovirus-hepatitis (EqPV-H) has been identified as the likely cause of this disease. While the incidence of Theiler's disease is low, the prevalence of EqPV-H DNA in horses is high, with up to 37% in some regions, suggesting that subclinical or persistent infection is common. METHODS: To determine the prevalence and pathogenicity of EqPV-H infection at New York racetracks, DNA was extracted from archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded liver tissues from racehorses submitted for necropsy to the Animal Health Diagnostic Center as part of the New York State Gaming Commission-Cornell University postmortem examination program. A total of 191 liver samples from horses between 2 and 13 years old were evaluated. Extracted DNA was tested for EqPV-H using PCR and gel electrophoresis. PCR-positive samples were further assessed for tissue morphology using histology and detection of viral nucleic acid using in situ hybridization. RESULTS: Forty-two samples were PCR positive (22%). Of those, 31 samples had positive viral nucleic acid hybridization in hepatocytes with 11 samples showing positive hybridization in necrotic hepatocytes associated with inflammatory cells, indicating active hepatitis. Both individual hepatocyte necrosis and hepatitis were positively associated with EqPV-H detection (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.0005, respectively). CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that presence of EqPV-H in the liver and parvoviral-associated hepatitis are prevalent in racehorses from New York racetracks, thus warranting additional studies examining potential associations between EqPV-H infection and racehorse performance.


Assuntos
Hepatite Viral Animal , Hepatite , Doenças dos Cavalos , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus , Cavalos , Animais , Prevalência , New York , Doenças dos Cavalos/epidemiologia
5.
Vet Microbiol ; 274: 109557, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088712

RESUMO

Theiler's disease (TD) is a (sub-)acute hepatitis in adult horses and one of the most common causes of acute hepatic failure. Recent findings indicate that equine parvovirus hepatitis (EqPV-H) likely causes TD and that its transmission occurs via iatrogenic and/or natural routes. Following the death of an EqPV-H positive mare with TD, close-contact mares and foals in the same paddock were monitored to evaluate if there was any evidence of EqPV-H. For this purpose, the serum of close contact horses was examined 6 and 42 days after the mare's death for the presence of EqPV-H DNA and changes in liver-associated serum biochemical parameters. The foals had higher EqPV-H viral loads than the mares. Apart from the mare that was euthanized, none of the horses included in this study showed signs of severe disease and nor did they have particularly elevated liver enzymes. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed no major differences between the viral DNA detected in the serum of the dead mare and any of the in-contact horses. In conclusion, our data confirmed previous findings that horizontal transmission of EqPV-H may occur through close contact between horses.


Assuntos
Hepatite Viral Animal , Hepatite , Doenças dos Cavalos , Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus , Cavalos , Animais , Feminino , Parvovirus/genética , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , DNA Viral/genética
6.
Avian Dis ; 66(3): 1-12, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106907

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to identify and characterize virus isolates (which are named for Bacgiang Agriculture and Forestry University [BAFU]) from diseased Cherry Valley duck and mule duck flocks and investigate the damage caused by a novel parvovirus-related virus (DuPV) to tissues and organs, including the brain, cerebellum, kidney, liver, lung, spleen, and spinal cord. The results of phylogenetic analysis show that DuPV-BAFU evolved from a goose lineage and duck parvoviruses rather than from Muscovy duck parvoviruses. In the genetic lineages, DuPVs were identified from the DuPV samples analyzed, and DuPV-BAFU was found to be closely clustered with two known goose origin parvoviruses (GPVa2006 and GPV1995) and a duck GPVs. Finally, structural modeling revealed that DuPV-BAFU and the closely related viruses GPVa2006 and GPV1995 possessed identical clusters of receptor-interacting amino acid residues in the VP3 protein, a major determinant of viral receptor binding and host specificity. Significantly, these three viruses differed from DuPVs, Muscovy duck parvoviruses, and other goose parvoviruses at these positions. These results also demonstrated that DuPV-BAFU represents a new variant of goose-origin parvovirus that currently circulates in ducklings and causes beak atrophy and dwarfism syndrome, as noted in the previous reports in Europe, Taiwan, and China. This new finding highlights the need for future surveillance of DuPV-BAFU in waterfowl in order to gain a better understanding of both the evolution and the biology of this emerging parvovirus in waterfowl.


Identificación molecular y patogenicidad de un nuevo parvovirus de ganso de origen en pato aislado del síndrome de atrofia del pico y enanismo de las aves acuáticas en el norte de Vietnam. El objetivo de este estudio es identificar y caracterizar aislados de virus detectados en la Universidad de Agricultura y Silvicultura de Bacgiang (BAFU) de parvadas de patos enfermos Cherry Valley e híbridos y también investigar el daño causado por un nuevo virus relacionado con parvovirus del pato (DuPV) en tejidos y órganos, incluidos el cerebro, el cerebelo, los riñones, el hígado, los pulmones, el bazo y la médula espinal. Los resultados del análisis filogenético mostraron que el virus DuPV-BAFU evolucionó a partir de un linaje de parvovirus de patos y gansos en lugar del parvovirus de patos reales. En los linajes genéticos, se identificaron virus DuPV a partir de las muestras de DuPV analizadas, y se encontró que el DuPV-BAFU estaba estrechamente agrupado con dos parvovirus conocidos de origen de ganso (GPVa2006 y GPV1995) y con parvovirus de pato. Finalmente, el modelado estructural reveló que el virus DuPV-BAFU y los virus estrechamente relacionados GPVa2006 y GPV1995 poseían grupos idénticos de residuos de aminoácidos que interactúan con el receptor en la proteína VP3, que es un determinante importante de la unión al receptor viral y la especificidad del huésped. Significativamente, estos tres virus diferían de los DuPV, los parvovirus del pato real y de otros parvovirus del ganso en estas posiciones. Estos resultados también demostraron que el virus DuPV-BAFU representa una nueva variante del parvovirus de origen ganso que actualmente circula en patitos y causa atrofia del pico y síndrome de enanismo, como se señaló en reportes anteriores en Europa, Taiwán y China. Este nuevo hallazgo destaca la necesidad de una vigilancia futura para el virus DuPV-BAFU en las aves acuáticas para comprender mejor tanto la evolución como la biología de este parvovirus emergente en las aves acuáticas.


Assuntos
Nanismo , Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirus , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Aminoácidos , Animais , Atrofia/veterinária , Bico/patologia , Patos , Nanismo/patologia , Nanismo/veterinária , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus/genética , Filogenia , Vietnã , Virulência
7.
Viruses ; 14(7)2022 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35891451

RESUMO

Waterfowl parvovirus (WPFs) has multiple effects on the intestinal tract, but the effects of recombinant Muscovy duck parvovirus (rMDPV) have not been elucidated. In this study, 48 one-day-old Muscovy ducklings were divided into an infected group and a control group. Plasma and ileal samples were collected from both groups at 2, 4, 6, and 8 days post-infection (dpi), both six ducklings at a time. Next, we analyzed the genomic sequence of the rMDPV strain. Results showed that the ileal villus structure was destroyed seriously at 4, 6, 8 dpi, and the expression of ZO-1, Occludin, and Claudin-1 decreased at 4, 6 dpi; 4, 6, 8 dpi; and 2, 6 dpi, respectively. Intestinal cytokines IFN-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 increased at 6 dpi; 8 dpi; and 6, 8 dpi, respectively, whereas IL-2 decreased at 6, 8 dpi. The diversity of ileal flora increased significantly at 4 dpi and decreased at 8 dpi. The bacteria Ochrobactrum and Enterococcus increased and decreased at 4, 8 dpi; 2, 4 dpi, respectively. Plasma MDA increased at 2 dpi, SOD, CAT, and T-AOC decreased at 2, 4, 8 dpi; 4, 8 dpi; and 4, 6, 8 dpi, respectively. These results suggest that rMDPV infection led to early intestinal barrier dysfunction, inflammation, ileac microbiota disruption, and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Patos , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Parvovirinae/genética , Parvovirus/genética
8.
J Virol ; 96(13): e0010622, 2022 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674430

RESUMO

Recombinant forms of adeno-associated virus (rAAV) are vectors of choice in the development of treatments for a number of genetic dispositions. Greater understanding of AAV's molecular virology is needed to underpin needed improvements in efficiency and specificity. Recent advances have included identification of a near-universal entry receptor, AAVR, and structures detected by cryo-electron microscopy (EM) single particle analysis (SPA) that revealed, at high resolution, only the domains of AAVR most tightly bound to AAV. Here, cryogenic electron tomography (cryo-ET) is applied to reveal the neighboring domains of the flexible receptor. For AAV5, where the PKD1 domain is bound strongly, PKD2 is seen in three configurations extending away from the virus. AAV2 binds tightly to the PKD2 domain at a distinct site, and cryo-ET now reveals four configurations of PKD1, all different from that seen in AAV5. The AAV2 receptor complex also shows unmodeled features on the inner surface that appear to be an equilibrium alternate configuration. Other AAV structures start near the 5-fold axis, but now ß-strand A is the minor conformer and, for the major conformer, partially ordered N termini near the 2-fold axis join the canonical capsid jellyroll fold at the ßA-ßB turn. The addition of cryo-ET is revealing unappreciated complexity that is likely relevant to viral entry and to the development of improved gene therapy vectors. IMPORTANCE With 150 clinical trials for 30 diseases under way, AAV is a leading gene therapy vector. Immunotoxicity at high doses used to overcome inefficient transduction has occasionally proven fatal and highlighted gaps in fundamental virology. AAV enters cells, interacting through distinct sites with different domains of the AAVR receptor, according to AAV clade. Single domains are resolved in structures by cryogenic electron microscopy. Here, the adjoining domains are revealed by cryo-electron tomography of AAV2 and AAV5 complexes. They are in flexible configurations interacting minimally with AAV, despite measurable dependence of AAV2 transduction on both domains.


Assuntos
Dependovirus , Parvovirinae , Dependovirus/metabolismo , Tomografia com Microscopia Eletrônica , Parvovirinae/química , Parvovirinae/genética , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos
9.
Poult Sci ; 101(7): 101929, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35691050

RESUMO

In recent years, ostrich disease characterized by paralysis and diarrhea has been circulating in some regions of China, causing huge economic losses to the ostrich breeding industry. In our study, clinical samples from diseased ostriches were collected, and only parvovirus was detected. The virus distribution analysis by histopathology and quantitative real-time PCR assays indicated that the virus had a wide range of tissue tropisms. The full-length genome of the ostrich parvovirus (OsPV) was sequenced and comprehensively analyzed. Interestingly, the phylogenetic and alignment results indicated that the OsPV and the goose parvovirus (GPV) form a separate branch. In contrast to GPV strains, OsPV showed 2 new 14 nucleotide deletions in the inverted terminal repeat (ITR) region. Furthermore, recombination analysis indicated that OsPV was a recombination strain between the vaccine strain SYG61v and the virulent strain B strain, with the major parent of OsPV as the SYG61v strain and the minor parent as the B strain. The 14 nucleotide deletions in the ITR region as well as recombination may be some of the reasons for the cross-species transmission of parvovirus from goose to ostrich. The above data will contribute to a better understanding of the molecular biology of the novel OsPV and help to develop the vaccine candidate strain.


Assuntos
Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirus , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Struthioniformes , Animais , Galinhas , China/epidemiologia , Patos , Gansos , Genômica , Nucleotídeos , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus/genética , Filogenia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia
10.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0269937, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35696413

RESUMO

Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a defining characteristic feature of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) that frequently results in irreversible vision loss. The current strategies for the treatment of nAMD are mainly based on neutralizing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). However, anti-VEGF therapies are often associated with subretinal fibrosis that eventually leads to damages in macula. In this study, we tested whether an anti-fibrotic and anti-angiogenic protein CCN5 can potentially be an effective and safe therapeutic modality in a mouse model of CNV. Laser photocoagulation was utilized to induce CNV, which was followed by intravitreal injection of recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 2 encoding CCN5 (rAAV2-CCN5). Our data demonstrated that rAAV2-CCN5, but not a control viral vector, rAAV2-VLP, prominently attenuated both CNV lesions and angiogenesis. Aflibercept, which was utilized as a positive control, exhibited similar effects on CNV lesions and angiogenesis in our experimental settings. Upon laser photocoagulation, retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) cells underwent significant morphological changes including cellular enlargement and loss of hexagonality. rAAV2-CCN5 significantly normalized these morphological defects. Laser photocoagulation also led to fibrotic deformation in RPE cells through inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which was completely blocked by rAAV2-CCN5. In a striking contrast, aflibercept as well as rAAV2-VLP failed to exhibit any effects on EMT. Collectively, this study suggest that CCN5 might provide a potential novel strategy for the treatment of nAMD with a capability to inhibit CNV and fibrosis simaultaneously.


Assuntos
Neovascularização de Coroide , Parvovirinae , Animais , Neovascularização de Coroide/metabolismo , Dependovirus/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Epitélio/metabolismo , Fibrose , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Parvovirinae/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
11.
Virulence ; 13(1): 844-858, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481463

RESUMO

Since the outbreak of short beak and dwarfish syndrome (SBDS) in Cherry Valley Pekin ducks in China, novel goose parvovirus (NGPV) has been isolated. Till now, little is known about the NGPV pathogenesis toward Cherry Valley Pekin ducks. Besides, due to detection of duck circovirus co-infection in SBDS clinical cases, whether sole NGPV infection can reproduce all the typical symptoms of SBDS remains unclear. In this study, based on the NGPV isolate SDJN19, an infectious plasmid clone pJNm containing the entire SDJN19 genome was constructed. Transfection of pJNm in embryonated duck eggs resulted in generation of the infectious virus carrying the genetic marker, named rJNm. rJNm infection of 2-day-old Cherry Valley Pekin ducks reproduced all the typical signs of SBDS, including beak atrophy, tongue protrusion, and growth retardation. rJNm can infect Cherry Valley Pekin ducks through the horizontal transmission route, and the infected ducks exhibited the characteristic SBDS symptoms. A high level of serum precipitation antibodies (above 5log2) were induced in the surviving ducks, however, high viral loads were still detected in the duck organs, suggesting persistent NGPV infection in ducks. By incorporating the homologous Rep1 and VP1 gene from classical GPV, two chimeric viruses rJN-cVP1 and rJN-cRep1 were generated. Duck infection tests revealed that the non-structural protein Rep1 played a crucial role in the NGPV pathogenicity. The present result lays a solid foundation for further exploring how the Rep protein contributes to the NGPV pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirinae , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Bico/patologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Parvovirinae/genética , Reprodução
12.
Arch Virol ; 167(5): 1307-1310, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35355143

RESUMO

In this study, genetic counterparts of the human-stool-associated tusavirus (subfamily Parvovirinae, family Parvoviridae) with >97% and 95-100% amino acid sequence identity in the parvoviral NS1 and VP1 protein were identified in faecal specimens from domestic goats (Capra hircus) and sheep (Ovis aries) in Hungary. Eleven (17.8%) of the 62 faecal specimens from goats and 12 (25.5%) of the 47 from sheep both from less than 12 months old animals were positive for tusavirus DNA by PCR, while none of the specimens collected from cattle and swine were positive. Thus, it cannot be ruled out that tusavirus infection in humans is of zoonotic origin.


Assuntos
Parvoviridae , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus , Animais , Bovinos , Fezes , Cabras , Humanos , Ovinos , Suínos
13.
Virus Res ; 314: 198749, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35344744

RESUMO

A preliminary metagenomic analysis of the virome of wild sika deer (Cervus nippon) blood in Japan resulted in the identification of a novel parvovirus. The virus was closest, but only 44.7-60.7% identical to 17 reported strains belonging to the genus Copiparvovirus within the subfamily Parvovirinae, over the near-entire genomic sequence. The sika deer copiparvovirus DNA was detected in 15% (31/206) of sika deer captured in 7 prefectures of Japan, and a region-dependent prevalence of 0-66.7% was noted, with a biased distribution in the southern part of Japan. The observed biased distribution of sika deer copiparvovirus may be due to the habitat density of deer and the number of ticks, which might play a role in the transmission of the virus.


Assuntos
Cervos , Parvovirinae , Carrapatos , Animais , Japão/epidemiologia , Filogenia , Prevalência
14.
Arch Virol ; 167(4): 1163-1167, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35278130

RESUMO

In this study, a novel parvovirus (zander/M5/2015/HUN, OK236393) was detected in faecal specimens from a fish - zander or pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) - and genetically characterized using viral metagenomics and PCR methods. The NS1 and VP1 proteins of zander/M5/2015/HUN share <30% aa sequence identity, respectively, with the corresponding proteins of known members of the family Parvoviridae. Out of 62 faecal specimens collected from 13 freshwater fish species, three (4.8%) samples were positive by PCR for the novel parvovirus - all from zander. This is the second parvovirus detected in fish - after the disease-causing tilapia parvovirus of the subfamily Hamaparvovirinae - and it potentially represents a novel genus in the subfamily Parvovirinae.


Assuntos
Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvoviridae , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus , Animais , Água Doce , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Parvovirus/genética
15.
Arch Virol ; 167(3): 881-889, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35147802

RESUMO

Duck short beak and dwarfism syndrome (SBDS) is a viral infectious disease caused by novel goose parvovirus (NGPV), which has been responsible for serious economic losses to the Chinese duck industry in recent years. Currently, there is no effective vaccine against this disease. In this study, we developed an inactivated virus vaccine candidate for SBDS based on NGPV strain DS15 isolated from a duck in China. Immune efficacy was evaluated in 112 ducks, which were randomly divided into vaccination, challenge-control, vaccination-challenge, and blank control groups (28 per group). Clinical characteristics, antibodies, virus excretion, viremia, and pathological changes were monitored. No morbidity or death was observed in the immunized ducks, which showed normal weight and a good mental state. High levels of serum antibodies (optical density at 450 nm of ~ 0.63) were detected in ducks immunized with the inactivated vaccine at 7 days post-vaccination (dpv), and the titer of virus-neutralizing antibodies increased from 1:23 to 1:28.5 from 7 to 42 dpv. Measurement of the viral load in anal swab, serum, and tissue samples showed that vaccination significantly inhibited the replication of NGPV in immunized ducks. Moreover, NGPV could not be isolated from the spleens of immunized or vaccinated and challenged ducks. Collectively, these results demonstrate that the newly developed inactivated NGPV vaccine, administered in an oil emulsion adjuvant, possesses good immunogenicity and represents a potentially powerful tool for SBDS prevention and control.


Assuntos
Nanismo , Infecções por Parvoviridae , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Bico , Patos , Nanismo/prevenção & controle , Nanismo/veterinária , Infecções por Parvoviridae/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Parvovirinae , Filogenia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados
16.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 69(5): 2952-2962, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018730

RESUMO

Outbreaks of short beak dwarf syndrome caused by novel goose parvovirus (NGPV) have been prevalent in China since 2015, resulting in a high mortality rate of ducks. Herein we evaluated differences between two NGPV strains: Muscovy duck-origin (AH190917-RP: MD17) and Cherry Valley duck-origin (JS191021-RP: CVD21) NGPV. Both of them showed certain level of pathogenicity to primary duck embryo fibroblasts, Cherry Valley duck embryos and ducklings. CVD21 showed comparatively stronger pathogenicity than MD17. Only CVD21 caused obvious cytopathic effect (CPE), characterized by cell shedding; further, the virus titer of MD17 and CVD21 was 102.571 ELD50 (i.e. median embryo lethal dose)/0.2 ml and 106.156 ELD50 /0.2 ml, respectively, and the mortality rate of CVD21- and MD17-infected Cherry Valley ducklings was 100% and 80%, respectively. In addition, CVD21 had a greater influence on the growth and development of ducklings. Furthermore, we found that MD17 could infect Muscovy duck embryos and produce lesions similar to Cherry Valley duck embryos, but it could not infect Muscovy duck embryo fibroblasts (MDEFs,) and Muscovy ducklings. MDV21 had no infection to MDEFs, Muscovy duck embryo and Muscovy ducklings. We then sequenced the complete genome of the two isolates to enable genomic characterization. The complete genome of MD17 and CVD21 was 5046 and 5050 nucleotides in length, respectively. Nucleotide alignment, amino acid analysis and phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that MD17 showed higher homology to goose parvovirus (GPV), while CVD21 demonstrated stronger similarity with NGPV. Moreover, the two isolates shared 95.8% homology, with encoded proteins showing multiple amino acid variations. Our findings indicate that Muscovy ducks seem to have played a crucial role in the evolution of GPV to NGPV. We believe that our data should serve as a foundation for further studying the genetic evolution of waterfowl parvoviruses and their pathogenic mechanisms.


Assuntos
Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirus , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Aminoácidos/genética , Animais , Patos , Nucleotídeos , Infecções por Parvoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus/genética , Filogenia
17.
Hum Gene Ther ; 33(3-4): 148-154, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35018834

RESUMO

Intravenous (IV) administration of naturally occurring adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors are liver tropic, with a significant proportion of the total vector dose mediating gene expression in liver hepatocytes. AAV capsids that are directed toward other organs such as lung may be useful for therapy of nonliver-based diseases. Based on the knowledge that the lung capillary endothelium is the first capillary bed encountered by an intravenously administered AAV vector, and that the lung endothelium glycocalyx is enriched in negatively charged sialic acid, we hypothesized that adding positively changed lysine residues to the AAV capsid would enhance AAV biodistribution to the lung after IV administration. Using site-directed mutagenesis, two lysine residues were inserted into variable loop VIII of the AAV serotype 5 capsid (AAV5-PK2). Organ distribution of AAV5-PK2 was compared with that of AAV5, AAV2, and AAV2-7m8 4 weeks after IV administration (1011 gc) to C57Bl/6 male mice. As predicted, after IV administration, AAV5-PK2 had the highest biodistribution in the lung (p < 0.02 compared with AAV5, AAV2, and AAV2-7m8). Furthermore, biodistribution to liver of AAV5-PK2 was 2 logs decreased compared with AAV5 (p < 10-4) with a ratio of AAV5-PK2 lung to liver of 62-fold compared with AAV5 of 0.2-fold (p < 0.0003). The AAV5-PK2 capsid represents a lung-tropic AAV vector that is also significantly detargeted from the liver, a property that may be useful in lung-directed gene therapies.


Assuntos
Capsídeo , Parvovirinae , Animais , Capsídeo/metabolismo , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Dependovirus/genética , Dependovirus/metabolismo , Feminino , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Lisina/análise , Lisina/genética , Lisina/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Parvovirinae/genética , Distribuição Tecidual , Transdução Genética
18.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 69(5): 3022-3027, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236767

RESUMO

The equine parvovirus-hepatitis (EqPV-H), recently identified in association with serum hepatitis in horses (also known as Theiler's disease), has been so far described in horses from North America, Asia and Europe. There is no information regarding its circulation in South America. Our retrospective study (2013-2016) screened by EqPV-H nested-PCR a total of 96 Brazilian horses grouped according to previous status of infection: Known to be positive for one or more horse "hepatitis viruses" (equine hepacivirus, equine pegivirus-EPgV and Theiler's disease-associated virus) and known to be negative. Serum biochemical parameters (aspartate aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyl transferase and glutamate dehydrogenase) were evaluated in EqPV-H positive horses. Molecular characteristics of the isolates were analyzed by DNA sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. EqPV-H DNA was detected in 12.5% (12/96) of horses from 46.6% (7/15) of the farms evaluated. Similar results were obtained between coinfected group (12.3%, 7/57) and non-coinfected group (12.8%, 5/39). Coinfection with EPgV was the most frequent (5/7). Altered serum biochemical parameters suggested a subclinical hepatopathy in some animals (3/12), but the majority presented no clinical or laboratory signs of infection. Nucleotide identity was higher than 94% in comparison with previous isolates. In conclusion, we demonstrated, for the first time in South America, the circulation of EqPV-H. The Brazilian isolates presented a low genetic variability, thus corroborating previous evidence.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Hepatite , Doenças dos Cavalos , Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases , Brasil/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/veterinária , Glutamato Desidrogenase , Doenças dos Cavalos/epidemiologia , Cavalos , Nucleotídeos , Infecções por Parvoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Filogenia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transferases
19.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 69(5): 2735-2746, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34919324

RESUMO

Equine parvovirus-hepatitis (EqPV-H) and equine hepacivirus (EqHV) are etiologically associated with Theiler's disease (TD), causing fulminant equine hepatitis, but the transmission route and co-infection effect remain unclear. We determined EqPV-H and EqHV prevalence and coinfection rate in 160 serum and 114 faecal samples using nested polymerase chain reaction. Amino acid and nucleotide analyses were performed and phylogenetic trees were constructed. By measuring liver-specific parameters (AST, GGT, TBIL and A/G ratio), hepatopathological changes in viremia status were compared. We found a high prevalence (EqPV-H: 10.6% in serum, 5.3% in faeces; EqHV: 8.1% in serum) and coinfection rate (35.3% in EqPV-H) of TD-causing agents. The newly identified EqPV-H genomes showed high nucleotide and amino acid similarities with previously reported strains in the USA, China and Austria. In phylogenetic tree and recombination analysis, a natural recombination event was confirmed between Chinese and Korean strains. In the EqPV-H or EqHV viremic horses, AST was significantly elevated and at least two liver-specific parameters were outside the reference intervals in 43.5% (10/23) of horses. To our knowledge, this is the first prevalence field study of EqPV-H and EqHV using both serum and faeces, providing further evidence of faecal-oral transmission of TD. These epidemiologic and clinicopathologic analyses specify the risk factors of TD infection and promote disease prevention strategy.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Hepatite Viral Animal , Hepatite , Doenças dos Cavalos , Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus , Aminoácidos , Animais , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/veterinária , Hepacivirus , Hepatite Viral Animal/epidemiologia , Cavalos , Nucleotídeos , Infecções por Parvoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Parvovirus/genética , Filogenia , Viremia/epidemiologia , Viremia/veterinária
20.
Avian Dis ; 66(4): 373-380, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36715467

RESUMO

Dietary, environmental, and hereditary causes were reported as causative agents of angel wing syndrome in waterfowl. Since 2017, several Muscovy duck flocks at Behira governorate were found to exhibit this syndrome associated with the clinical symptoms of goose parvovirus (GPV) infection. Four strains of goose parvovirus named HS1-HS4 were isolated and identified from diseased ducks at some of these flocks. Phylogenetic analysis revealed clustering of these strains together and within a distinct monophyletic group in relation to GPV strains of Derzsy's disease and short beak and dwarfism syndrome (SBDS). Nucleotide identities with goose parvovirus strain B of Derzsy's disease were 95.7%-96.6%, and with the strain JS1603 of SBDS they were 96.8%-97.4%. However, nucleotide identities with Muscovy duck parvovirus strain FM were 74.1%-74.6%. The disease was reproduced experimentally via oral-route artificial infection with HS1 strain, and both clinical symptoms of goose parvovirus and angel wing syndrome were observed in the artificially infected Muscovy ducks, but with less severity in geese. This study demonstrated clear evidence for induction of angel wing syndrome, at least partially, with GPV infection in Muscovy duck. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first work to mention a viral cause of angel wing syndrome in waterfowl.


Participación del parvovirus del ganso en la inducción del síndrome de ala de ángel en patos reales. Se han reportado causas dietéticas, ambientales y hereditarias como agentes causales del síndrome de alas de ángel en aves acuáticas. Desde el año 2017, se descubrió que varias parvadas de patos reales en la gobernación de Behira presentaban este síndrome asociado con los síntomas clínicos de la infección por parvovirus del ganso (con las siglas en inglés GPV). Se aislaron e identificaron cuatro cepas de parvovirus de ganso denominadas HS1­HS4 de patos enfermos en algunas de estas parvadas. El análisis filogenético reveló el agrupamiento de estas cepas juntas y dentro de un grupo monofilético distinto con relación con las cepas de parvovirus de ganso asociadas con la enfermedad de Derzsy y el síndrome de pico corto y enanismo (con las siglas en inglés SBDS). Las identidades de nucleótidos con la cepa B del parvovirus de la enfermedad de Derzsy fueron del 95.7 % al 96.6 %, y con la cepa JS1603 del síndrome de pico corto y enanismo fueron del 96.8 % al 97.4 %. Sin embargo, las identidades de nucleótidos con la cepa FM del parvovirus del pato Muscovy fueron del 74.1 % al 74.6 %. La enfermedad se reprodujo experimentalmente a través de una infección artificial por vía oral con la cepa HS1 y se observaron signos clínicos de parvovirus del ganso y del síndrome del ala de ángel en los patos reales infectados artificialmente, pero con menor gravedad en los gansos. Este estudio demostró una clara evidencia de la inducción del síndrome del ala de ángel, al menos parcialmente, con la infección por parvovirus del ganso en el pato real. Según el conocimiento de los autores, este es el primer trabajo que menciona una causa viral del síndrome del ala de ángel en aves acuáticas.


Assuntos
Infecções por Parvoviridae , Parvovirinae , Parvovirus , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Parvovirus/genética , Filogenia , Parvovirinae/genética , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Patos , Síndrome , Gansos
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