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1.
Microb Cell Fact ; 21(1): 104, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643507

RESUMO

Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen. Pediocin is a group IIα bacteriocin with anti-listeria activity that is naturally produced by Pediococcus acidilactic and Lactobacillus plantarum. The pedA/papA gene encodes pediocin/plantaricin. In native hosts, the expression and secretion of active PedA/PapA protein rely on the accessory protein PedC/PapC and ABC transporter PedD/PapD on the same operon. The excretion machines were also necessary for pediocin protein expression in heterologous hosts of E. coli, Lactobacillus lactis, and Corynebacterium glutamicum. In this study, two vectors carrying the codon sequence of the mature PapA peptide were constructed, one with and one without a His tag. Both fragments were inserted into the plasmid pHT43 and transformed into Bacillus subtilis WB800N. The strains were induced with IPTG to secrete the fused proteins PA1 and PA2. Supernatants from both recombinant strains can inhibit Listeria monocytogenes ATCC54003 directly. The fused protein possesses inhibition activity as a whole dispense with removal of the leading peptide. This is the first report of active pediocin/PapA expression without the assistance of PedCD/PapCD in heterogeneous hosts. In addition, the PA1 protein can be purified by nickel-nitrilotriacetic acid (Ni-NTA) metal affinity chromatography.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis , Bacteriocinas , Bacillus subtilis/genética , Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Bacteriocinas/genética , Bacteriocinas/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Pediocinas/metabolismo , Pediococcus/genética , Pediococcus/metabolismo
2.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0269953, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35737711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individuals with hyperlipidemia are two times more likely to develop atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) as opposed to those with controlled serum total cholesterol (TC) levels. Considering the documented adverse events of the current lipid-lowering medications which ultimately affect patient's compliance, substantial efforts have been made to develop new therapeutic strategies. Probiotics, on the other hand, are reported to have lipid-lowering activity with the added benefit of being generally well-tolerated making it an appealing adjuvant therapy. METHODS: A total of fifty Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from raw milk (human and animal) and dairy products. Isolates demonstrating promising in vitro cholesterol removal capabilities were morphologically and biochemically characterized. Lastly, two bacterial candidates were selected for evaluation of their potential hypolipidemic activity using a laboratory animal model. Statistical differences between the means were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's post-hoc test. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Most of the isolates demonstrated an in vitro cholesterol removal activity. The six LAB isolates showing the highest cholesterol removal activity (36.5-55.6%) were morphologically and biochemically identified as Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, and Lactococcus species. The results demonstrated two promising antihyperlipidemic candidates, a Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis with an in vivo significant reduction of serum triglycerides (TG) levels by 34.3%, and a Pediococcus sp. that was able to significantly reduce both the serum TC and TG levels by 17.3% and 47.0%, respectively, as compared to the diet-induced hyperlipidemic animal group. CONCLUSION: This study further supports the growing evidence regarding the antihyperlipidemic activity among probiotics, presenting them as a promising therapeutic approach for the management of hyperlipidemia.


Assuntos
Hiperlipidemias , Lactobacillales , Lactococcus lactis , Probióticos , Animais , Colesterol , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Hipolipemiantes/farmacologia , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Pediococcus , Probióticos/uso terapêutico
3.
Nutrients ; 14(12)2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745219

RESUMO

Fructose intolerance (FI) is a widespread non-genetic condition in which the incomplete absorption of fructose leads to gastro-intestinal disorders. The crucial role of microbial dysbiosis on the onset of these intolerance symptoms together with their persistence under free fructose diets are driving the scientific community towards the use of probiotics as a novel therapeutic approach. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of FI in a cohort composed of Romanian adults with Functional Grastrointestinal Disorders (FGIDs) and the effectiveness of treatment based on the probiotic formulation EQBIOTA® (Lactiplantibacillus plantarum CECT 7484 and 7485 and Pediococcus acidilactici CECT 7483). We evaluated the impact of a 30-day treatment both on FI subjects and healthy volunteers. The gastrointestinal symptoms and fecal volatile metabolome were evaluated. A statistically significant improvement of symptoms (i.e., bloating, and abdominal pain) was reported in FI patient after treatment. On the other hand, at the baseline, the content of volatile metabolites was heterogeneously distributed between the two study arms, whereas the treatment led differences to decrease. From our analysis, how some metabolomics compounds were correlated with the improvement and worsening of clinical symptoms clearly emerged. Preliminary observations suggested how the improvement of gastrointestinal symptoms could be induced by the increase of anti-inflammatory and protective substrates. A deeper investigation in a larger patient cohort subjected to a prolonged treatment would allow a more comprehensive evaluation of the probiotic treatment effects.


Assuntos
Intolerância à Frutose , Gastroenteropatias , Pediococcus acidilactici , Probióticos , Adulto , Frutose , Intolerância à Frutose/diagnóstico , Humanos , Metabolômica , Pediococcus , Probióticos/uso terapêutico
4.
Nutrients ; 14(7)2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35406123

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to examine ß-glucan production and the potential prebiotic and chemopreventive effects of wheat and rye sourdoughs and breads generated with wild-type and non-ß-glucan-forming isogenic mutant strains of Levilactobacillus brevis and Pediococcus claussenii. Sourdough and bread samples were subjected to in vitro digestion and fermentation. Fermentation supernatants (FS) and pellets (FP) were analyzed (pH values, short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), ammonia, bacterial taxa) and the effects of FS on LT97 colon adenoma cell growth, viability, caspase-2 and -3 activity, genotoxic and antigenotoxic effects and on gene and protein expression of p21, cyclin D2, catalase and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) were examined. Concentrations of SCFA were increased and concentrations of ammonia were partly reduced in the FS. The relative abundance of Bifidobacteriaceae was increased in all FPs. Treatment with FS reduced the growth and viability of LT97 cells and significantly increased caspase-2 and -3 activities without exhibiting genotoxic or antigenotoxic effects. The p21 mRNA and protein levels were increased while that of cyclin D2 was reduced. Catalase and SOD2 mRNA and protein expression were marginally induced. The presented results indicate a comparable chemopreventive potential of wheat and rye sourdoughs and breads without an additional effect of the formed ß-glucan.


Assuntos
Lactobacillales , beta-Glucanas , Amônia/metabolismo , Pão/análise , Caspase 2/metabolismo , Catalase/genética , Catalase/metabolismo , Ciclina D2/metabolismo , Fermentação , Farinha , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Lactobacillales/metabolismo , Pediococcus/genética , Pediococcus/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Secale/genética , Secale/metabolismo , Secale/microbiologia , Triticum/genética , beta-Glucanas/química
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(3)2022 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35163449

RESUMO

Bacterial ß-glucans are exopolysaccharides (EPSs), which can protect bacteria or cooperate in biofilm formation or in bacterial cell adhesion. Pediococcus parvulus 2.6 is a lactic acid bacterium that produces an O-2-substituted (1-3)-ß-D-glucan. The structural similarity of this EPS to active compounds such as laminarin, together with its ability to modulate the immune system and to adhere in vitro to human enterocytes, led us to investigate, in comparison with laminarin, its potential as an immunomodulator of in vitro co-cultured Caco-2 and PMA-THP-1 cells. O-2-substituted (1-3)-ß-D-glucan synthesized by the GTF glycosyl transferase of Pediococcus parvulus 2.6 or that by Lactococcus lactis NZ9000[pGTF] were purified and used in this study. The XTT tests revealed that all ß-glucans were non-toxic for both cell lines and activated PMA-THP-1 cells' metabolisms. The O-2-substituted (1-3)-ß-D-glucan modulated production and expression of IL-8 and the IL-10 in Caco-2 and PMA-THP-1 cells. Laminarin also modulated cytokine production by diminishing TNF-α in Caco-2 cells and IL-8 in PMA-THP-1. All these features could be considered with the aim to produce function foods, supplemented with laminarin or with another novel ß-glucan-producing strain, in order to ameliorate an individual's immune system response toward pathogens or to control mild side effects in remission patients affected by inflammatory bowel diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Lactococcus lactis/química , Pediococcus/química , beta-Glucanas/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Células CACO-2 , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Cocultura , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucanos/farmacologia , Humanos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Células THP-1 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , beta-Glucanas/química
6.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 106(4): 1435-1446, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35089399

RESUMO

L-alanine possesses extensive physiological functionality and tremendous pharmacological significance, therefore could be considered as potential ingredient for food, pharmaceutical, and personal care products. However, therapeutic properties of L-alanine still need to be addressed in detail to further strengthen its utilization as a viable ingredient for developing natural therapeutics with minimum side effects. Thus, the present study was aimed to explore the anticipated therapeutic potential of L-alanine, produced microbially using a lactic acid bacterial strain Pediococcus acidilactici BD16 (alaD+) expressing L-alanine dehydrogenase enzyme. The anticipated therapeutic potential of L-alanine was assessed in terms of anti-proliferative, anti-bacterial, and anti-urolithiatic properties. Anti-bacterial assays revealed that L-alanine successfully inhibited growth and in vitro proliferation of important human pathogens including Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, and Vibrio cholerae in a concentration-dependent manner. Current investigation has also revealed its significant anti-proliferative potential against human lung adenocarcinoma (A549; IC50 7.32 µM) and mammary gland adenocarcinoma (MCF-7; IC50 8.81 µM) cells. The anti-urolithiatic potential of L-alanine was augmented over three different phases, viz., nucleation inhibition, aggregation inhibition, and oxalate depletion. Further, an in vitro cell culture-based kidney stone dissolution model using HEK293-T cells was also established to further strengthen its anti-urolithiatic potential. This is probably the first in vitro cell culture-based model which experimentally validates the immense therapeutic efficacy of L-alanine in treating urolithiasis disease. KEY POINTS: • Assessment of therapeutic potential of L-alanine produced by LAB. • L-alanine exhibited significant anti-proliferative and anti-bacterial activities. • L-alanine as potential anti-urolithiatic agent.


Assuntos
Pediococcus acidilactici , Alanina/farmacologia , Enterococcus faecalis , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Pediococcus , Staphylococcus aureus
7.
BMC Vet Res ; 18(1): 60, 2022 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35093088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) is an important causative agent for infectious diseases in pigs and causes significant economic loss. The global concern of antimicrobial resistance of bacteria raises awareness of the alternative ways of using antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). The study was aimed to identify and test the efficacy of AMPs from Lactobacillus spp. against the growth of pathogenic E. coli isolated from pigs in Thailand. Briefly, cell-free culture supernatants (CFCS) from 3 strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) consisting of Lactobacillus acidophilus (strain KMP), Lactobacillus plantarum (strain KMP), and Pediococcus pentosaceus (strain KMP) were tested against pathogenic E. coli via agar well diffusion assay in quadruplicates. The presence of a zone of inhibition (ZOI) around wells was evaluated at different incubation time. Acid and bile tolerance test was performed for bacterial viability in acid and bile salt conditions. In addition, LAB cross-streaking assay was evaluated for antagonist activity. RESULTS: The study showed that CFCS from L. acidophilus KMP, L. plantarum KMP, and P. pentosaceus KMP could inhibit the growth of pathogenic E. coli isolated from pigs in a time-dependent manner. To exemplify, the ZOI of L. plantarum KMP against E. coli (ETEC) at 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16 h incubation, were 26.6 ± 1.1, 24.9 ± 1.9, 22.5 ± 2.4, 20.3 ± 2.9, and 17.9 ± 3.3 mm, respectively. The ZOI was significantly different between 8, 10, 12, 14 h incubation, and the ZOI of the CFCS from L. plantarum KMP was larger than others (P-value < 0.05). Furthermore, L. acidophilus KMP, L. plantarum KMP, and P. pentosaceus KMP showed viability in pH 3.0, 0.3, and 0.5% (w/v) bile salt concentration. They exhibited no antagonist activity among each other. CONCLUSIONS: According to the results, the CFCS from LAB including L. acidophilus KMP, L. plantarum KMP and P. pentosaceus KMP can inhibit the growth of pathogenic E. coli, isolated from pigs in Thailand. The antimicrobial activity observed was incubation time dependent.


Assuntos
Infecções por Escherichia coli , Probióticos , Doenças dos Suínos , Animais , Escherichia coli , Infecções por Escherichia coli/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Escherichia coli/veterinária , Lactobacillus/fisiologia , Pediococcus , Probióticos/farmacologia , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/prevenção & controle , Tailândia
8.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 48, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35021997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proteases catalyze the hydrolysis of peptide bonds of proteins, thereby improving dietary protein digestibility, nutrient availability, as well as flavor and texture of fermented food and feed products. The lactobacilli Lactiplantibacillus plantarum (formerly Lactobacillus plantarum) and Pediococcus acidilactici are widely used in food and feed fermentations due to their broad metabolic capabilities and safe use. However, extracellular protease activity in these two species is low. Here, we optimized protease expression and secretion in L. plantarum and P. acidilactici via a genetic engineering strategy. RESULTS: To this end, we first developed a versatile and stable plasmid, pUC256E, which can propagate in both L. plantarum and P. acidilactici. We then confirmed expression and secretion of protease PepG1 as a functional enzyme in both strains with the aid of the previously described L. plantarum-derived signal peptide LP_0373. To further increase secretion of PepG1, we carried out a genome-wide experimental screening of signal peptide functionality. A total of 155 predicted signal peptides originating from L. plantarum and 110 predicted signal peptides from P. acidilactici were expressed and screened for extracellular proteolytic activity in the two different strains, respectively. We identified 12 L. plantarum signal peptides and eight P. acidilactici signal peptides that resulted in improved yield of secreted PepG1. No significant correlation was found between signal peptide sequence properties and its performance with PepG1. CONCLUSION: The vector developed here provides a powerful tool for rapid experimental screening of signal peptides in both L. plantarum and P. acidilactici. Moreover, the set of novel signal peptides identified was widely distributed across strains of the same species and even across some closely related species. This indicates their potential applicability also for the secretion of other proteins of interest in other L. plantarum or P. acidilactici host strains. Our findings demonstrate that screening a library of homologous signal peptides is an attractive strategy to identify the optimal signal peptide for the target protein, resulting in improved protein export.


Assuntos
Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Lactobacillus plantarum , Pediococcus acidilactici , Lactobacillus plantarum/genética , Pediococcus/genética , Peptídeo Hidrolases/genética , Plasmídeos/genética , Sinais Direcionadores de Proteínas/genética
9.
J Appl Microbiol ; 132(2): 1197-1209, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464988

RESUMO

AIMS: To develop a dried rice flour powder (DP) formulation to contain a lactic acid bacterial starter culture for fermenting mussel meat (FM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Lactiplantibacillus plantarum KU-LM173 (LP), Enterococcus hirae KU-LM174 and Pediococcus acidilactici KU-LM145 (PA) were selected from commercial FMs and identified to have high acid and protease production. Mixed culture between LP, for high acid production, and PA, for the flavour, was the best for DP and had greater organoleptic properties than a single starter fermentation. The best ratio of DP for production was 1% of the mussel weight, while the highest numeric scoring of the organoleptic test between 3% and 6%. The starter culture fermentation accelerated over the natural (wild) fermentation and ended at day 3. The shelf life of the product was at least 30 days at 30-35°C with no pathogens detected. The shelf life of DP at 4°C was 10 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: DP with the best strains and long shelf life promoted safety of FM and reduced the processing time. High consumer acceptance, protease and acid production and flavour were unique product characteristics. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF STUDY: Accelerated commercial FMs with effective DP formulation for the industrial sector may be plausible.


Assuntos
Oryza , Pediococcus acidilactici , Perna (Organismo) , Animais , Fermentação , Farinha , Pediococcus , Pós
10.
J Appl Microbiol ; 132(1): 311-330, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231288

RESUMO

AIMS: The objective of this study was to isolate multifunctional bacteriocin-producing strains; to characterize the expressed bacteriocin for the control of Listeria monocytogenes and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus; to evaluate the safety of studied strains; and to explore their antifungal activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two Pediococcus strains were isolated from silage samples obtained from an organic farm in Belogradchik, Bulgaria. The strains were identified by 16S rRNA sequencing analysis and characterized as bacteriocins producers. Strong antimicrobial activity was detected against more than 74 different strains of Listeria monocytogenes, 27 different vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus strains. In addition, studied strains were able to inhibit the growth of strains of Alternaria alternate, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium sphaerospermum, Penicillium chrysogenum and Penicillium expansum. Some aspects of the antimicrobial mode of action were evaluated, including killing curves and aggregation properties. Both strains generated positive PCR results for the presence of pediocin PA-1, but not for other bacteriocins evaluated in this screening process. Metabolomic analysis of the cell-free supernatants from both strains was performed in order to explain the observed antifungal activity against different moulds. According to PCA and PLS-DA score plot, P. acidilactici ST3522BG and P. pentosaceus ST3633BG were clearly clustered from control (MRS). Increases in the production of benzoic acid, 2-hydroxyisocaproic acid, ß-phenyl-lactic acid, α-hydroxybutyric acid and 1,3-butanediol were recorded, these metabolites were previously described as antifungal. CONCLUSIONS: Pediococcus acidilactici ST3522BG and P. pentosaceus ST3633BG were evaluated as producing bacteriocin strains with high specificity against Listeria and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus species. In addition, both investigated Pediococcus strains were evaluated as producer of effective antifungal metabolites with potential for the inhibition of mycotoxin-producing moulds. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: To the best of our knowledge, this report is a pioneer in the evaluation of Pediococcus strains isolated from silage with highly specific bacteriocinogenic antimicrobial activity against Listeria spp. and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp., and antifungal activity against mycotoxin-producing moulds.


Assuntos
Bacteriocinas , Listeria monocytogenes , Pediococcus acidilactici , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Pediococcus , Pediococcus pentosaceus , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Silagem
11.
J Food Sci ; 86(11): 4991-5003, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699076

RESUMO

Craft beer because of its fresh flavor, unique taste, and rich nutrition is becoming more popular to consumers. Compared with industry beer, craft beer is often nonfiltered and nonpasteurized, for this reason, it has a short shelf life and is more susceptible to microbial spoilage, which may cause the quality deterioration of craft beer and the formation of biogenic amine as a harmful factor for consumer's health. In this study, the 23 beer-spoilage bacteria were isolated from craft beer, which were identified as 15 Lactobacillus (L.) brevis, 3 L. plantarum, 1 L. parabuchneri, 2 L. paracasei, and 2 Pediococcus damnosus. Among 23 beer-spoilage isolates, 20 representatives were able to form tyramine, histamine, putrescine, cadaverine, and/or tryptamine in MRS broth. The nine Lactobacillus strains were incubated in beer and produced tyramine, histamine, putrescine, cadaverine, and/or tryptamine during beer storage process. Logistic and Gompertz model could be adopted to respectively describe the kinetics of microorganism growth and biogenic amine formation. The relationship between the biogenic amines and biomass was simulated by Luedeking-Piret model very well, and showed that the formation of biogenic amine was mainly bacteria growth-associated in beer. These findings may be helpful for finding the preventive measures to control biogenic amine formation and for enhancing the safety of craft beer. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The selection of the biogenic amine-producing spoilage bacteria from craft beer and the investigation their kinetics of the growth and biogenic amines production under beer environmental conditions was very helpful for finding preventive measures to eliminate or reduce biogenic amine formation and for appropriate increase in food safety.


Assuntos
Cerveja , Aminas Biogênicas , Bactérias , Cerveja/análise , Aminas Biogênicas/análise , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Cinética , Pediococcus
12.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 37(12): 204, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677690

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to explore the microbiological factors that cause the difference in silage fermentation characteristics between grass and legume. Specifically, the effects of epiphytic microbiota from alfalfa, oat and Italian ryegrass on ensiling characteristics and microbial community of alfalfa were assessed. By γ-ray irradiation sterilization and microbiota transplantation technology, the sterile alfalfa was inoculated as follows: (i) aseptic water (STAL); (ii) epiphytic bacteria from alfalfa (ALAL); (iii) epiphytic bacteria from oat (ALOT); (iv) epiphytic bacteria from Italian ryegrass (ALIR). Alfalfa at the initial flowering stage was ensiled in laboratory-scale silos for 1, 3, 7, 14, 30 and 60 days. Compared with ALAL and ALIR, higher lactic acid contents and ratio of lactic acid to acetic acid, and lower acetic acid, propionic acid, ethanol and ammonia nitrogen contents were observed in ALOT after 60 days of fermentation. In each treated group, Lactobacillus was the most dominant genus after 60 days of ensiling. Relatively higher abundance of Weissella, Hafnia-Obesumbacterium, Enterobacteriaceae or hetero-fermentative Lactobacillus was found in ALAL and ALIR after 60 days. Co-occurrence network analysis proved Pediococcus and Lactococcus were pivotal in deciding the fermentation pattern of alfalfa silage. According to the 16S rRNA gene-predicted functional profiles, the metabolism of amino acids was inhibited by the epiphytic microbiota from oat. Overall, ALOT showed a homo-fermentative process, whereas ALAL and ALIR exhibited a hetero-fermentative pattern. Furthermore, the exogenous microorganisms inhibiting the metabolism of amino acids can be a good potential source to improve the silage quality of legume forage.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Fermentação , Medicago sativa/microbiologia , Microbiota/fisiologia , Poaceae/microbiologia , Silagem/microbiologia , Ácido Acético/metabolismo , Bactérias/genética , Biodiversidade , Etanol/metabolismo , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Lactobacillus , Medicago sativa/metabolismo , Pediococcus , RNA Ribossômico 16S
13.
Food Funct ; 12(21): 10615-10631, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585204

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether ß-glucans obtained from the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) Levilactobacillus (L.) brevis and Pediococcus (P.) claussenii exhibit similar physiological effects such as cholesterol-binding capacity (CBC) as the structurally different ß-glucans from oat, barley, and yeast as well as curdlan. After in vitro fermentation, fermentation supernatants (FSs) and/or -pellets (FPs) were analyzed regarding the concentrations of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), ammonia, bile acids, the relative abundance of bacterial taxa and chemopreventive effects (growth inhibition, apoptosis, genotoxicity) in LT97 colon adenoma cells. Compared to other glucans, the highest CBC was determined for oat ß-glucan (65.9 ± 8.8 mg g-1, p < 0.05). Concentrations of SCFA were increased in FSs of all ß-glucans (up to 2.7-fold). The lowest concentrations of ammonia (down to 0.8 ± 0.3 mmol L-1) and bile acids (2.5-5.2 µg mL-1) were detected in FSs of the ß-glucans from oat, barley, yeast, and curdlan. The various ß-glucans differentially modulated the relative abundance of bacteria families and reduced the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio. Treatment of LT97 cells with the FSs led to a significant dose-dependent growth reduction and increase in caspase-3 activity without exhibiting genotoxic effects. Though the different ß-glucans show different fermentation profiles as well as cholesterol- and bile acid-reducing properties, they exhibit comparable chemopreventive effects.


Assuntos
Colesterol/química , Lactobacillaceae/metabolismo , Pediococcus/metabolismo , beta-Glucanas/química , beta-Glucanas/farmacologia , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Fermentação , Humanos , beta-Glucanas/metabolismo
14.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 73(6): 725-734, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549812

RESUMO

The control of Listeria monocytogenes is a relevant goal for dairy products, a process that begins from the supply of feed and management of animals' health. In the present study, we evaluated the safety of two bacteriocinogenic Pediococcus strains and show that both can be considered as safe, based on their haemolytic activity, biogenic amine production and antibiotic resistance, all evaluated through phenotypical and biomolecular approaches. Both strains have shown potential as a producer of γ-aminobutiric acid (GABA) and carry an incomplete set of genes related to folate biosynthesis; both strains were able to adhere to Caco-2 cell lines with adhesion rates of 6·59% ± 3·73 and 0·84% ± 0·48. Laboratory prepared clover silage, inoculated with each bacteriocinogenic Pediococcus strain and contaminated with L. monocytogenes, proved the hypothesis for bioprotective effect of the tested strains, with the tested pathogen eliminated in the first 24 h of the experiment. These results indicate that evaluated strains can be potential beneficial candidates for application in silage production.


Assuntos
Pediococcus acidilactici , Pediococcus pentosaceus , Animais , Células CACO-2 , Humanos , Pediococcus , Silagem
15.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2021: 4697445, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421398

RESUMO

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have long been consumed by people in several fermented foods such as dairy products. A study was conducted on lactating dairy cows to isolate and characterize LAB from dairy products found in and around Bahir-Dar city, North Western Ethiopia. Milk and milk products were randomly collected from dairy farms, milk vending shops, individual households, and supermarkets for bacteriological investigations. A total of sixteen samples were taken from different sources and cultured on different selective media: de Man, Rogosa, and Sharpe (MRS) agar for Lactobacillus spp.; M17 agar for Lactococcus spp.; Rogasa SL agar for Streptococci spp.; and MRS supplemented with cysteine (0.5%) for Bifidobacteria spp. Different laboratory techniques were implemented for LAB isolation and identification. A total of 41 bacterial isolates were grouped under five different genera of LAB and Bifidobacteria spp. were identified based on the growth morphology on the selective media, growth at a different temperature, gas production from glucose, carbohydrate fermentation, and other biochemical tests. LAB genera such as Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Leuconostoc, Pediococcus, Streptococcus, and Bifidobacterium spp. were isolated and identified from raw milk, cheese, and yogurt. Based on the current study, the majority of the LAB (24.38%) was isolated from cheese and yogurt. Among these, Lactobacillus, Lactococcus (21.94%), Streptococcus (19.51%), Leuconostoc (14.64%), Bifidobacteria (12.19%), and Pediococcus (7.31%) spp. were also identified from these products. Furthermore, based on the bacterial load count and different identification methodologies, our study revealed that Lactobacillus spp. were the dominant LAB isolated from milk and milk products. As a result, since there are few studies on the isolation and identification of lactic acid bacteria from dairy products in Ethiopia, more research studies are needed to complete the identification and characterization to species level and their possible role as probiotics.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Laticínios/microbiologia , Lactobacillus/isolamento & purificação , Lactococcus/isolamento & purificação , Leuconostoc/isolamento & purificação , Pediococcus/isolamento & purificação , Streptococcus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Bovinos , Indústria de Laticínios/métodos , Etiópia , Feminino , Lactação/fisiologia , Leite/microbiologia
16.
Food Res Int ; 147: 110476, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399472

RESUMO

Amine-negative lactic acid bacteria can prevent excess biogenic amines from accumulating in sausage. In this study, the amine-negative Pediococcus pentosaceus 30-7 and 30-15 with good fermentation properties and biogenic amine removal ability were isolated for tilapia sausage production. P. pentosaceus 30-7 improved the physical characteristics such as gel strength and hardness in tilapia sausage, while P. pentosaceus 30-15 significantly enhanced the contents of umami and sweet free amino acids. The microbial metabolic network revealed that the dominant microbial community in the fermentation process including Pediococcus and Lactococcus contributed to the physicochemical formation of sausage. The significant decrease of biogenic amine contents after addition of P. pentosaceus strains mainly resulted from their ability to remove biogenic amines and to inhibit the growth of amine-producing Enterobacter, Citrobacter, and Streptococcus. This study provides an effective method for directionally improving the physicochemical properties and safety in fermented tilapia sausage.


Assuntos
Produtos da Carne , Microbiota , Tilápia , Animais , Produtos da Carne/análise , Pediococcus , Pediococcus pentosaceus
17.
Bioresour Technol ; 338: 125565, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315131

RESUMO

Listeria monocytogenes is one of the foodborne pathogens of most concern for food safety. To limit its presence in foods, bacteriocins have been proposed as natural bio-preservatives. Herein, a bacteriocin was produced on hemicellulose hydrolysate of sugarcane bagasse by Pediococcus pentosaceous ET34, whose genome sequencing revealed an operon with 100% similarity to that of pediocin PA-1. ET34 grown on hydrolysate-containing medium led to an increase in the expression of PA-1 genes and a non-optimized purification step sequence resulted in a yield of 0.8 mg·L-1 of pure pediocin (purity > 95%). Culture conditions were optimized according to a central composite design using temperature and hydrolysate % as independent variables and validated in 3-L Erlenmeyers. Finally, a process for scaled-up implementation by sugar-ethanol industry was proposed, considering green chemistry and biorefinery concepts. This work stands up as an approach addressing a future proper sugarcane bagasse valorisation for pediocin production.


Assuntos
Bacteriocinas , Saccharum , Celulose , Pediocinas , Pediococcus , Pediococcus pentosaceus , Polissacarídeos
18.
J Biotechnol ; 335: 1-8, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090945

RESUMO

Softwood is of interest as a renewable carbon source for production of lactic acid. Softwood hydrolysate contains a high content of mannose. Lactic acid production from mannose by two modified strains, L-lactic acid producing Pediococcus acidilactici TY112 and D-lactic acid producing ZP26, was investigated in the current work. The two strains efficiently converted mannose to L- and D-lactate isomers with an optical purity exceeding 99 %, although the mannose utilization rates were lower than the glucose utilization rates. The mannose conversion to L- and D-lactic acids by P. acidilactici was also confirmed in dilute spruce hemicellulose hydrolysate. The present study provides important knowledge on utilization of the spectrum of fermentable sugars in softwood for future production of chiral lactic acid from lignocellulose feedstocks.


Assuntos
Pediococcus acidilactici , Fermentação , Glucose , Ácido Láctico , Manose , Pediococcus
19.
Food Res Int ; 144: 110344, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053540

RESUMO

This study aimed at investigating the influence of the process environment and raw materials as sources of microorganisms during Nyons black table olive fermentations. Fermented olives and/or brine from spoiled fermentation tanks were analyzed and compared to good quality samples from fermentations collected during 3 consecutive harvest years. Fresh olives, salt and different process environment samples were also analyzed. Microbial diversity of all samples was analyzed using 16S and ITS2 amplicon sequencing and SourceTracker tool was used to investigate links between environment, raw materials and fermentation samples. First, comparison of microbial diversity in control and most spoiled fermentations revealed striking differences in bacterial composition with an overall higher diversity in spoiled fermentations especially for lactic acid bacteria with Lentilactobacillus buchneri, Lentilactobacillus parafarraginis dominating in brine and Pediococcus parvulus, Pediococcus ethanolidurans dominating in olive fruits. Fungal communities were similar in composition although higher abundances of Pichia membranifaciens and Penicillium carneum/roqueforti were observed in spoiled samples. Secondly, process environment samples were characterized by high bacterial and fungal diversity, especially compared to fresh olive fruits. Overall, dominant fungal species in control fermentations were also found in most environmental samples revealing a "house mycobiota". SourceTracker analysis further highlighted the contribution of brine and water from the optical sorter as a source of fungi. Most interestingly, spoilage fungi and most bacteria were retrieved in brine and environmental samples while others such as P. ethanolidurans were only found in environmental samples indicating that the studied spoilage originated from a fermentation deviation rather than a punctual contamination. Taken altogether, these results highlighted the positive and negative influence of the process environment and emphasized the relevance of studying it to better understand microbial vectors occurring during food fermentations, especially natural ones.


Assuntos
Olea , Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Pediococcus , Penicillium , Pichia , Leveduras
20.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(6): 3171-3182, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825934

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and yeast community from home-made sauerkraut collected from Southwest China through culture-dependent and culture-independent technology. Forty-eight samples of home-made sauerkraut were collected from households at three different locations in Southwest China. The pH, total acidity and salt contents among these fermented vegetables were 3.69 ± 0.42, 0.86 ± 0.43 g/100 ml, and 3.86 ± 2.55 g/100 ml, respectively. The number of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and yeasts were 7.25 ± 1.05 log10 colony-forming units (CFU)/ml and 3.74 ± 1.01 log CFU/ml, respectively. A total of 182 LAB and 81 yeast isolates were identified. The dominant isolates were Lactobacillus plantarum, L. brevis, Pediococcus ethanolidurans, Pichia membranifaciens, P. fermentans and Kazachstania bulderi. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) showed that L. plantarum, uncultured Lactobacillus sp, P. ethanolidurans, and K. exigua were the predominant microflora. Our studies demonstrated that the DGGE technique combined with a culture-dependent method is very effective for studying the LAB and yeast community in Chinese traditional fermentation vegetables. The results will give us an understanding of LAB and yeast community of Chinese sauerkraut and improve the knowledge of LAB and yeast community of Chinese sauerkraut.


Assuntos
Microbiologia de Alimentos , Lactobacillales , Leveduras , China , Fermentação , Lactobacillales/classificação , Lactobacillales/genética , Pediococcus/genética , Pichia/genética , Saccharomycetales/genética , Verduras/microbiologia , Leveduras/classificação , Leveduras/genética
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