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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954714

RESUMO

The public stigma associated with pedophilia, the sexual attraction to prepubescent children, is tremendous. Previous research indicates that undifferentiated media coverage plays an essential role in perpetuating the public stigma by falsely equating pedophilia and child sexual abuse (CSA) and thus may stop persons suffering from a pedophilic disorder from seeking professional help. Until now, a comprehensive examination of positive as well as negative media effects on affected individuals is missing. Therefore, the present study explores if and how media coverage impacts the lives of help-seeking persons with pedophilia by conducting four qualitative focus group discussions with a clinical sample (N = 20) from the German Prevention Network "Kein Täter werden". Present results demonstrate that media coverage of pedophilia was perceived as mostly undifferentiated, even though participants observed an increase in fact-based reporting over the years. Moreover, it seems that media coverage has strong emotional and behavioral consequences for patients (e.g., negative reporting reduced self-esteem). In sum, our results highlight that differentiated media coverage could play a key role in supporting help-seeking persons with pedophilic disorder, while the impact of undifferentiated media coverage appears to be mostly negative. Therefore, our results point to the need to reframe pedophilia using differentiated media coverage to help affected persons receive treatment efficiently and thereby prevent CSA.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Pedofilia , Criança , Grupos Focais , Alemanha , Humanos , Pedofilia/diagnóstico , Pedofilia/psicologia , Pedofilia/terapia , Estigma Social
2.
Neuropsychologia ; 173: 108301, 2022 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35697089

RESUMO

The ability to inhibit behavior is thought to be an import skill for avoiding criminal conduct, especially when combined with personal predispositions or criminogenic needs such as a pedophilic preference disorder. While previous research emphasized the relationship between impulsivity and child sexual offending, not pedophilia per se, studies on the underlying neurobiological mechanisms in subdomains of impulsivity remained scarce. Here, we focused on interference inhibition and examined event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data of three groups of men performing a color-word Stroop task: (1) pedophiles with a history of CSO (P+CSO, n = 11), (2) pedophiles without a history of CSO (P-CSO, n = 8) and (3) non-pedophilic, non-offending healthy controls (HC, n = 10). On the behavioral level, P+CSO revealed increased Stroop interference as compared to P-CSO and HC. Moreover, increased Stroop interference in P+CSO was accompanied by enhanced conflict-related activity in left superior parietal cortex and precentral gyrus as compared to P-CSO. Albeit behavioral analyses of error and post-error processing revealed no significant between-group differences, P-CSO showed increased post-error-related activity in left posterior cingulate, precuneus and middle temporal gyrus as compared to P+CSO. Our preliminary data highlight inhibition deficits in offending as compared to non-offending pedophiles or healthy men and suggest that functional alterations in attention reallocation and impulse suppression/control may moderate the risk for committing CSO in men suffering from pedophilia.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Pedofilia , Criança , Humanos , Inibição Psicológica , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pedofilia/diagnóstico por imagem , Comportamento Sexual
3.
Psychiatr Pol ; 56(1): 137-152, 2022 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The main objective of the study was not only to show the scale of child sexual abuse by clergy itself, but rather presentation of the manner in which perpetrators act and what their motivations are. METHODS: It involved aqualitative and quantitative analysis of documentation gathered by the Foundation dedicated to supporting victims of sexual abuse by clergy. For the purpose of the study the authors prepared a survey which included information pertaining to the circumstances of the abuse, the abuser, the aggrieved person, as well as legal and non-legal consequences (sanctions). Finally, information pertaining to 80 criminal cases from 2001-2019 in which the perpetrator (member of the clergy) was sentenced by afinal and binding judgment was gathered. RESULTS: On the basis of analysis of the empirical material, various models of the perpetrators' modi operandi have been developed, which included also the methods of selecting the victims or types of actions taken to keep the abuse of minors secret. As part of the analyzes, the characteristics of the aggrieved persons were also developed, and the characteristics specific to various models of clergy behavior were distinguished. CONCLUSIONS: Attention should be drawn to the fact that in many of the cases the clergy perpetrated child sexual abuse consisted in direct physical violence, as well as regular sexual intercourse. Also, not all perpetrators were required to undergo appropriate diagnostic tests in order to verify whether they have a disorder of sexual preference in the form of pedophilia. In the studied group of cases, in every third case the perpetrator, after disclosure of the acts, was transferred to another parish, where other similar acts took place.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Vítimas de Crime , Pedofilia , Catolicismo , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/diagnóstico , Clero , Humanos , Menores de Idade , Pedofilia/diagnóstico
4.
J Child Sex Abus ; 31(3): 333-352, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35243955

RESUMO

Most child sexual abuse (CSA) remains unreported and undetected. Despite this, much of what we know about perpetrators of CSA is derived from samples of convicted CSA offenders. Significant knowledge gaps remain about those who have evaded detection. This study addresses this gap with an in-depth content analysis of the case files of ten convicted child sexual offenders (CSOs) with the longest detection lag, selected from a broader group (n = 349) of men incarcerated at the Massachusetts Treatment Center (MTC). Participants were examined on a range of offender characteristics including Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), cognitive distortions, antisocial traits, indicators of pedophilia and Machiavellian or narcissistic traits, offense facilitating factors, and grooming behavior. A tentative profile emerged with the following characteristics: direct experience of childhood abuse, various cognitive distortions, specialized rather than versatile criminal history, pedophilic traits, Machiavellian traits, and engaging in a range of offense-facilitating behaviors including grooming. We provide insight into offenders who evade detection for CSA and set the foundation for further research to inform prevention strategies for law enforcement agencies and child-serving organizations.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Criminosos , Pedofilia , Animais , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Criminosos/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pedofilia/psicologia , Fatores de Risco
5.
J Child Sex Abus ; 31(3): 316-332, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35343392

RESUMO

Child sexual abuse is a significant public health concern that has long-lasting consequences for victims and their families and poses a significant financial cost to the public. Prevention efforts, including sex offender treatment programs, are intended to prevent further instances of sexual abuse. Most sexual offenses, however, are committed by individuals who are not yet known as sexual offenders, and therefore traditional sex offender treatment programs fall short of this goal. It is crucial to provide services to people who may be at risk for committing a sexual offense and those who have not offended, including those individuals who are attracted to children. While primary prevention programs such as Prevention Project Dunkelfeld and Talking for Change have begun to address this issue internationally, there are significant barriers to providing preventive services of this nature to non-offending minor attracted persons (NOMAPs) in the United States. Barriers include concerns about mandated reporting laws, stigmatization, and lack of knowledge by therapists about MAPs. This paper explores these barriers and provides solutions for practitioners to offer services to this population. This paper includes the development of specific programming for non-offenders and specialized training for clinicians who work with non-offenders as used by The Global Prevention Project.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Criminosos , Pedofilia , Delitos Sexuais , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Pedofilia/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos
6.
J Psychopathol Clin Sci ; 131(2): 209-220, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35230862

RESUMO

This study examined whether pedophilia is best understood as a dimension or a discrete class (taxon). We considered pedophilia to include both physical sexual attraction to children as well as emotional attraction to children and childhood. Archival data from 901 adult males from a U.S. civil commitment treatment center for sexually dangerous persons were used. Three indicators were submitted to Meehl and Ruscio's taxometric analyses: (a) a screening scale for pedophilic interests based on criminal history, (b) a composite indicator of pedophilic physical attraction, and (c) a composite indicator of pedophilic emotional attraction. All analyses supported a taxon. Compared with nontaxon members, taxon members had more interpersonal deficits, more neurodevelopmental perturbations, more sex-crime specific problems, and fewer problems related to criminality overall. Although previous research showed mixed results (some dimensional, some taxonic), the current study moves the balance of evidence toward considering pedophilia as a distinct disorder. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Criminosos , Pedofilia , Delitos Sexuais , Adulto , Criança , Criminosos/psicologia , Emoções , Humanos , Masculino , Pedofilia/diagnóstico , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
7.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(2): 849-866, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34993718

RESUMO

The neurodevelopmental theory of pedohebephilia states that sexual interests in children arise from early neurodevelopmental perturbations, as, for example, evidenced by increased non-right-handedness, more childhood head injuries, and reduced intelligence and height. As corroborating evidence largely rests on samples of convicted men, we conducted online surveys among German-speaking (Study 1, N = 199) and English-speaking men (Study 2, N = 632), specifically targeting community members with pedohebephilic or teleiophilic interests. Although we detected theoretically meaningful sexual interest patterns in an embedded viewing time task, we could not detect expected neurodevelopmental differences between teleiophilic and pedohebephilic men in either of the two studies. Strikingly, pedohebephilic men who reported convictions for sexual offenses emerged as shorter and less intelligent than pedohebephilic men without convictions in Study 2. While elucidating possible third variable confounds, results have to be interpreted cautiously because of the methodological problems inherent to non-matched case control designs.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Pedofilia , Delitos Sexuais , Estatura , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Pedofilia/diagnóstico , Comportamento Sexual , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry ; 31(2): 261-274, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230608

RESUMO

Child sexual abuse offences (CSOs) represent a severe ethical and socioeconomic burden for society. Juveniles with a sexual preference for prepubescent children (PP) commit a large percentage of CSOs, but have been widely neglected in neuroscience research. Aberrant neural responses to face stimuli have been observed in men with pedophilic interest. Thus far, it is unknown whether such aberrations exist already in PP. A passive face-viewing paradigm, including the presentation of child and adult faces, was deployed and high-density electroencephalography data were recorded. The study group comprised 25 PP and the control group involved 22 juveniles with age-adequate sexual preference. Attractiveness ratings and evoked brain responses were obtained for the face stimuli. An aberrant pattern of attractiveness ratings for child vs. adult faces was found in the PP group. Moreover, elevated occipital P1 amplitudes were observed for adult vs. child faces in both groups. At longer latency (340-426 ms), a stronger negative deflection to child vs. adult faces, which was source localized in higher visual, parietal and frontal regions, was specifically observed in the PP group. Our study provides evidence for enhanced neural processing of child face stimuli in PP, which might reflect elevated attention capture of face stimuli depicting members from the sexually preferred age group. This study expands our understanding of the neural foundations underlying sexual interest in prepubescent children and provides a promising path for the uncovering of objective biomarkers of sexual responsiveness to childlike body schemes in juveniles.


Assuntos
Pedofilia , Delitos Sexuais , Adulto , Atenção , Criança , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual
9.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(2): 879-896, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791582

RESUMO

The current body of the literature studying minor-attracted persons (MAPs) predominantly focuses on the experiences of men who experience sexual attractions to children. To shed more light on the experiences of women within this population, we conducted anonymous semi-structured interviews with six self-identified female MAPs, who were recruited through online support forums for individuals with sexual attractions to children. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used to analyze the interview transcripts. Two superordinate themes were identified from the dataset that highlighted the uniqueness of the experience of being a woman within the MAP community ("A minority within a minority") and themes of social isolation and the effects of this on identity ("A lonely secret existence"). The findings reported here highlight how the experiences of female MAPs both converge with and diverge from their male counterparts in important ways. We discuss the implications of these experiences in relation to more effective service provision for women who are sexually attracted to children.


Assuntos
Menores de Idade , Pedofilia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Solidão , Masculino , Grupos Minoritários , Pedofilia/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sexual
10.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(2): 1363-1374, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779978

RESUMO

In 1981, Cassell Australia published Paul Wilson's monograph, The Man They Called a Monster: Sexual Experiences Between Men and Boys. In his book, Wilson examines the case of Clarence Osborne, an older man who had "sexual relations" with around 2500 boys and adolescents over a twenty-year period. He uses Osborne's life to reflect on broader questions of pedophilia in Australian society. In this commentary, I revisit the book to consider its contemporary legacy 40 years on. According to Google Scholar, at the time of this writing, the book has only 50 citations, yet it is a book that continues to live on in our cultural imaginary for a variety of reasons, and in no small part due to its author, Paul Wilson, and his remarkably similar interaction with the criminal justice system in the decades since its publication. This commentary explores the historical context in which the book was written, pays particular attention to the changing social attitudes towards pedophilia, the recent controversy pertaining to its author, and discourses surrounding the sexual autonomy of minors.


Assuntos
Pedofilia , Delitos Sexuais , Adolescente , Atitude , Austrália , Criança , Direito Penal/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Menores de Idade , Pedofilia/história , Autonomia Pessoal , Delitos Sexuais/história , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual , Fatores Sociológicos
11.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(2): 945-960, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716500

RESUMO

The stigmatization of people with pedophilic sexual interests is a topic of growing academic and professional consideration, owing to its potential role in moderating pedophiles' emotional well-being, and motivation and engagement in child abuse prevention schemes. Thus, improving attitudes and reducing stigmatization toward this group is of paramount importance. Prior research has suggested that narrative humanization-presenting personal stories of self-identified non-offending pedophiles-could be one route to doing this. However, this work has only been conducted with students or trainee psychotherapists, meaning the public generalizability of this method is still unknown. In this study, we compared two stigma interventions to test whether narratives reduce stigma toward people with pedophilic interests more effectively than an informative alternative (scientific information about pedophilia). Using a longitudinal experimental design with a lack of non-intervention control (initial N = 950; final N = 539), we found that narratives had consistently positive effects on all measured aspects of stigmatization (dangerousness, intentionality), whereas an informative alternative had mixed results, and actually increased perceptions of pedophiles' levels of deviance. These effects were still present four months after the initial presentation. We discuss these data in relation to ongoing debates about treating pedophilia as a public health issue requiring a broad societal approach to well-being and child abuse prevention.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Pedofilia , Delitos Sexuais , Atitude , Criança , Humanos , Pedofilia/prevenção & controle , Pedofilia/psicologia , Estigma Social , Estereotipagem
12.
Rev. crim ; 64(1): [35-51], 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369464

RESUMO

El 12 de julio de 2018 se promulgó la Ley 1918, mediante la cual se establece el régimen de inhabilidades a quienes hayan sido condenados por delitos sexuales cometidos contra menores. Esta norma fue objeto de estudio por la Corte Constitucional (sentencia C-407 de 2020), tribunal que declaró exequible esta inhabilidad, en el entendido de que su duración deberá sujetarse a los límites temporales que para dichas penas establezca el Código Penal colombiano. En el presente documento ofrecemos una mirada alternativa en torno al tema, para lo cual iniciamos nuestro estudio con la expansión punitiva en materia de delitos sexuales. Posteriormente abordamos el tratamiento que se les da a los agresores sexuales desde una mirada comparativa e interdisciplinar, para desembocar en el análisis de constitucionalidad de esta medida, cuya aplicación demanda una clasificación del delincuente, que es omitida en el ámbito nacional. Nuestra tesis, contrario al pronunciamiento de constitucionalidad del 16 de septiembre de 2020 ­que es vinculante y de obligatorio cumplimiento­, es que la Ley 1918 de 2018 es inconstitucional y no supera el test de proporcionalidad, razón por la cual debió ser expulsada del ordenamiento jurídico colombiano.


Assuntos
Pedofilia , Delitos Sexuais
13.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 15(1): 23-28, 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359362

RESUMO

Históricamente la sociedad ha rechazado el abuso sexual de menores de 13 años, dictándose leyes al respecto. La justicia luego de un debido proceso condenaba al victimario con reclusión incluso hasta la década del 70-80, con orquiectomía. Los adelantos en neurobiología, endocrinología, sicofarmacología y sicología se consideraron las bases para tratar al pedófilo y someterlo a libertad condicional, ahorrándose el costo financiero de la reclusión de por vida. Diversos países dictaron leyes contra la conducta pedófila. En dicha legislación ejerció gran influencia la promulgación en EE.UU. (estado de Washington "sobre el ofensor sexual" y el dictamen de la Corte Suprema en 1997 en el juicio de Kansas vs Hendricks). En Chile en los 90 el caso del pedófilo apodado "Zacarach" sacó a la luz pública el tema que no se quería ver. En esa fecha se presentó al parlamento un proyecto de Ley para "curar" la pedofilia con acetato de Medroxiprogesterona imitando legislación de EE.UU. Causó sorpresa en el medio endocrinológico que se usara terapia hormonal como "cura" de la pedofilia. Se ha utilizado en varios países la castración química producida por gestágenos o agonístas del GnRH más antiandrógenos (acetato de Ciproterona), para inhibir la secreción y acción de la testosterona disminuyendo líbido y erección. No se ha demostrado que exista curación de la orientación pedófila y existen dudas de la prevención primaria y secundaria de la pedofilia. Pese al adelanto tecnológico en neurociencias para estudio de las zonas vinculadas a la sexualidad, aún no existen marcadores que permitan diagnosticar o pronosticar futuros resultados de la terapia. El tratamiento médico de la pedofilia no garantiza curación ni prevención del delito pedofílico.


Historically, society has rejected sexual abuse of children under 13, with there having been laws enacted in this regard. The judicial system, after a due process, condemned the perpetrator with reclusion and even up until the decades of the 70s and 80s with orchiectomy. Advances in neurobiology, endocrinology, psychopharmacology and psychology were considered the basis for treating the pedophile and putting them on probation, saving the financial cost of imprisonment for life. Multiple countries have enacted laws against pedophilic behaviour. Such legislation was greatly influenced by the enactment in the USA (state of Washington "on the sex offender" and the ruling of the Supreme Court in 1997 in the trial of Kansas against Hendricks). In Chile in the 90s, the case of a pedophile nicknamed "Zacarach" brought to light an issue that nobody wanted to see. Around that time, a bill was presented to Parliament to try and "cure" pedophilia with Medroxyprogesterone acetate, imitating US legislation. It was a surprise in the endocrinological world that hormonal therapy would be used as a "cure" for pedophilia. Chemical castration produced by gestagens or GnRH agonists plus antiandrogens (Cyproterone acetate) has been used in several countries to inhibit the secretion and action of testosterone, reducing libido and erection. It has not been proven that there is a cure for pedophile orientation and there are doubts about the primary and secondary prevention of pedophilia. Despite technological advances in neurosciences for the study of the zones pertaining to sexuality, there are still no indicators that allow for diagnosis or prediction of future results of therapy. The medical treatment of pedophilia does not guarantee cure or prevention of pedophilic crime.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pedofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Castração/métodos , Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Pedofilia/diagnóstico , Pedofilia/etiologia , Pedofilia/terapia , Delitos Sexuais/legislação & jurisprudência , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Acetato de Medroxiprogesterona/uso terapêutico , Acetato de Ciproterona/uso terapêutico
14.
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci ; 17(8): 712-722, 2022 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34907428

RESUMO

Behavioral studies found evidence for superior cognitive empathy (CE) in pedophilic men without a history of child sexual offending (P - CSO) compared to pedophilic men with a history of child sexual offending (P + CSO). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies also point to differences between P - CSO and P + CSO. Neural processing associated with CE has not yet been investigated. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore the neural correlates of CE in subjects with pedophilia with (P + CSO) and without (P - CSO) child sexual offending. 15 P + CSO, 15 P - CSO and 24 teleiophilic male controls (TC) performed a CE task during fMRI. We observed reduced activation in the left precuneus (Pcu) and increased activation in the left anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in P - CSO compared to P + CSO. P - CSO also showed stronger connectivity between these regions, which might reflect a top-down modulation of the Pcu by the ACC toward an increased self-focused emotional reaction in social situations. There was also evidence for increased right superior temporal gyrus activation in P - CSO that might constitute a potentially compensatory recruitment due to the dampened Pcu activation. These findings provide first evidence for altered neural processing of CE in P - CSO and underline the importance of addressing CE in pedophilia and CSO in order to uncover processes relevant to effective prevention of child sexual abuse.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Pedofilia , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Cognição , Empatia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pedofilia/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
15.
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci ; 75(11): 331-340, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346537

RESUMO

AIM: To further investigate the neuroanatomical correlates of child sexual offending and disentangle them from the neural correlates of pedophilia, using a multivariate analytical approach in order to minimize loss of statistical power. METHODS: This study presents structural MRI data on gray matter in an incarcerated, male population of 22 pedophilic and 21 non-pedophilic child sexual offenders, and 20 violent non-sexual offender controls, based on a multivariate whole-brain approach using source-based morphometry. RESULTS: We identify a network of several neuroanatomical regions exhibiting interrelated reduced gray matter in both child sexual offender groups relative to controls, comprising extensive clusters in the bilateral cerebellum and frontal lobe, as well as smaller clusters in the bilateral parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes, the bilateral basal ganglia, the medial cingulate and the hippocampus. CONCLUSION: Our results speak to the interpretation that there are inter- and possibly connectivity-related brain structural abnormalities in child sexual offenders that are not (only) pertaining to pedophilia per se. Interpretations and limitations of the present data are discussed and recommendations for future works are given.


Assuntos
Criminosos , Substância Cinzenta/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pedofilia/complicações , Pedofilia/patologia , Delitos Sexuais , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criminosos/psicologia , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Psychiatr Pract ; 27(4): 265-272, 2021 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398576

RESUMO

This paper introduces a new prevention strategy against child sexual abuse (both offline and online) in the United States. The Global Prevention Project is a supportive treatment program designed for nonoffending minor-attracted persons who reside in the community. Attraction to minors and the underlying scientific terms (pedophilia/hebephilia) are discussed and a framework is provided for how to implement such a program in the United States. Our treatment modality is described to provide transparency in our clinical work. We discuss challenges encountered in this domain with possible solutions and the legal ramifications of preventing child sexual abuse behaviors by targeting nonoffending individuals.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Pedofilia , Criança , Humanos , Menores de Idade , Prevenção Primária , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos
17.
Medisan ; 25(4)2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1340220

RESUMO

El maltrato sexual infantil es un tema complejo que debe tratarse de manera seria y responsable, sobre todo porque ha venido incrementándose de manera alarmante en los últimos tiempos. En este artículo se aborda tan importante tema y se ofrece evidencias de 4 casos de abuso sexual en niños indefensos, cuyos sucesos no fueron denunciados a las autoridades judiciales por parte de los padres, debido a prejuicios y lazos de familiaridad o de amistad con los victimarios. El objetivo es despertar en los padres y familiares, sobre todo de los niños más desprotegidos (por discapacidades físicas o mentales o por la edad), la agudeza para detectar a tiempo un posible acto de esta índole y evitarlo, así como sensibilizar a todos en la protección de la inocencia infantil contra perpetradores inescrupulosos.


Child sexual abuse is a complex topic which should be treated in a serious and responsable way, above all because it has been increasing in an alarming way in the last times. In the work, this important topic is analized, and evidencies of 4 sexual abuses in defenseless children are presented, cases which were not denounced to the judicial authorities by their parents due to prejudices and familiarity or friendship links with the perpetrator. The objective is to awake in parents and relatives, above all from defenseless children (due to physical or mental discapacities or due to age), the acuity to detect on time a possible case and to avoid it, as well as to raise awareness to all in the protection of childhood inocence against unscrupulous perpetrators.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Pedofilia , Saúde da Criança
18.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283530

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the changes of evoked EEG oscillations in response to erotic visual stimuli to identify specific patterns in subjects with different variants of pedophilia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight right-handed male offenders who have committed sexual acts against children participated in the study. Seventeen subjects without paraphilic disorders were included in group 1, 17 subjects with heterosexual pedophilia were included in group 2, and 13 subjects with homosexual pedophilia were included in group 3. The stimuli were colored pictures of neutral, heterosexual normative, hetero- and homosexual pedophilic content shortly demonstrated with backward masking. Spectral power of delta, theta, alpha, and beta evoked oscillations (EO) was analyzed. Further, the number of significant changes of EO power in response to erotic stimuli relative to neutral ones was calculated, and topography changes of EO power in response to specific erotic pictures compared to neutral ones were analyzed for each group. RESULTS: The diminished number of significant reactions to specific stimuli was found in the pedophilia groups (18 and 4 in groups 2 and 3, respectively) in comparison with the group without paraphilia (25). The specific changes of EO power in response to specific erotic visual pictures were found for each group. Increased power of delta, theta and alpha EO in the 104-164 ms time window, and decreased power of alpha EO in the 344-920 ms time window were found in group 1. In group 2, specific stimulation elicited decline of delta and theta EO power, possibly related to impaired motivational and emotional aspects of erotic stimuli perception. The weak changes were found in group 3 - increased power of beta EO in the frontal area. CONCLUSION: The obtained frequency and spatial patterns of EO changes in response to erotic visual pictures are related to specificity of hetero- and homosexual pedophilia.


Assuntos
Transtornos Parafílicos , Pedofilia , Criança , Eletroencefalografia , Literatura Erótica , Humanos , Masculino , Estimulação Luminosa
19.
J Forensic Sci ; 66(6): 2354-2361, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328219

RESUMO

The prevalence of online child pornography is a major societal issue. The criminal justice system has struggled with assessing the risk of individuals involved in online sexual offenses against children, especially when it involves the possession of child pornography. Research suggests there are different categories of offenders involved in this type of behavior (e.g., Online Child Pornography Offenders, Dual Offenders, Contact Offenders), with each category having different motivations, contributing factors, and levels of risk to re-offend or escalate their criminal behavior to more serious offenses (i.e., collecting pictures to contact offending). Determining the risk that individuals involved in online sexual offenses against children pose to re-offend or escalate their criminal behavior has been problematic. Traditional sexual offender risk measures have lower predictive validity when dealing with online child pornography offenders. This article discusses the need for a formalized hybrid risk assessment model that combines the current online sex offenses against children risk measures with digital forensics artifact analysis. The evidence derived from digital forensics artifact analysis can supplement the predictive risk factors obtained from these risk assessment tools, thus increasing the reliability and validity of the risk assessment.


Assuntos
Artefatos , Literatura Erótica , Pedofilia , Medição de Risco , Criança , Criminosos , Ciências Forenses , Humanos , Internet , Delitos Sexuais
20.
J Sex Marital Ther ; 47(6): 591-604, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060433

RESUMO

There are few empirical studies examining sexological features of sexual interest in children among females. A non-representative sample of 20 females and 208 males who self-identified as having a sexual interest in children completed an anonymous survey. The primary purpose of the present study was to examine sexological features of sexual interest in children among females. Most females reported interest in prepubescent and pubescent children and rated their interest in different age categories similarly. Most females reported an interest in boys. Females first experienced sexual attractions during childhood, but awareness of sexual interest in children occurred later in their adolescence.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Pedofilia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual , Inquéritos e Questionários
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