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1.
Molecules ; 28(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615630

RESUMO

Catechins have been shown to display a great variety of biological activities, prominent among them are their chemo preventive and chemotherapeutic properties against several types of cancer. The amphiphilic nature of catechins points to the membrane as a potential target for their actions. 3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzoate of catechin (TMBC) is a modified structural analog of catechin that shows significant antiproliferative activity against melanoma and breast cancer cells. Phosphatidylglycerol is an anionic membrane phospholipid with important physical and biochemical characteristics that make it biologically relevant. In addition, phosphatidylglycerol is a preeminent component of bacterial membranes. Using biomimetic membranes, we examined the effects of TMBC on the structural and dynamic properties of phosphatidylglycerol bilayers by means of biophysical techniques such as differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy, together with an analysis through molecular dynamics simulation. We found that TMBC perturbs the thermotropic gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition and promotes immiscibility in both phospholipid phases. The modified catechin decreases the thickness of the bilayer and is able to form hydrogen bonds with the carbonyl groups of the phospholipid. Experimental data support the simulated data that locate TMBC as mostly forming clusters in the middle region of each monolayer approaching the carbonyl moiety of the phospholipid. The presence of TMBC modifies the structural and dynamic properties of the phosphatidylglycerol bilayer. The decrease in membrane thickness and the change of the hydrogen bonding pattern in the interfacial region of the bilayer elicited by the catechin might contribute to the alteration of the events taking place in the membrane and might help to understand the mechanism of action of the diverse effects displayed by catechins.


Assuntos
Catequina , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química , Catequina/química , Fosfolipídeos , Transição de Fase , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria
2.
J Bacteriol ; 205(1): e0040322, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622229

RESUMO

The Gram-negative outer membrane (OM) is an asymmetric bilayer with phospholipids in its inner leaflet and mainly lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in its outer leaflet and is largely impermeable to many antibiotics. In Enterobacterales (e.g., Escherichia, Salmonella, Klebsiella, and Yersinia), the outer leaflet of the OM also contains phosphoglyceride-linked enterobacterial common antigen (ECAPG). This molecule consists of the conserved ECA carbohydrate linked to diacylglycerol-phosphate (DAG-P) through a phosphodiester bond. ECAPG contributes to the OM permeability barrier and modeling suggests that it may alter the packing of LPS molecules in the OM. Here, we investigate, in Escherichia coli K-12, the reaction synthesizing ECAPG from ECA precursor linked to an isoprenoid carrier to identify the lipid donor that provides the DAG-P moiety to ECAPG. Through overexpression of phospholipid biosynthesis genes, we observed alterations expected to increase levels of phosphatidylglycerol (PG) increased the synthesis of ECAPG, whereas alterations expected to decrease levels of PG decreased the synthesis of ECAPG. We discovered depletion of PG levels in strains that could synthesize ECAPG, but not other forms of ECA, causes additional growth defects, likely due to the buildup of ECA precursor on the isoprenoid carrier inhibiting peptidoglycan biosynthesis. Our results demonstrate ECAPG can be synthesized in the absence of the other major phospholipids (phosphatidylethanolamine and cardiolipin). Overall, these results conclusively demonstrate PG is the lipid donor for the synthesis of ECAPG and provide a key insight into the reaction producing ECAPG. In addition, these results provide an interesting parallel to lipoprotein acylation, which also uses PG as its DAG donor. IMPORTANCE The Gram-negative outer membrane is a permeability barrier preventing cellular entry of antibiotics. However, outer membrane biogenesis pathways are targets for small molecule development. Here, we investigate the synthesis of a form of enterobacterial common antigen (ECA), ECAPG, found in the outer membrane of Enterobacterales (e.g., Escherichia, Salmonella, and Klebsiella). ECAPG consists of the conserved ECA carbohydrate unit linked to diacylglycerol-phosphate-ECA is a phospholipid headgroup. The details of the reaction forming this molecule from polymerized ECA precursor are unknown. We determined the lipid donor providing the phospholipid moiety is phosphatidylglycerol. Understanding the synthesis of outer membrane constituents such as ECAPG provides the opportunity for development of molecules to increase outer membrane permeability, expanding the antibiotics available to treat Gram-negative infections.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli K12 , Lipopolissacarídeos , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Diglicerídeos/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Escherichia coli K12/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/genética , Antígenos de Bactérias/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Terpenos/metabolismo
3.
Nat Immunol ; 24(1): 110-122, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550321

RESUMO

Expressed on epidermal Langerhans cells, CD1a presents a range of self-lipid antigens found within the skin; however, the extent to which CD1a presents microbial ligands from bacteria colonizing the skin is unclear. Here we identified CD1a-dependent T cell responses to phosphatidylglycerol (PG), a ubiquitous bacterial membrane phospholipid, as well as to lysylPG, a modified PG, present in several Gram-positive bacteria and highly abundant in Staphylococcus aureus. The crystal structure of the CD1a-PG complex showed that the acyl chains were buried within the A'- and F'-pockets of CD1a, while the phosphoglycerol headgroup remained solvent exposed in the F'-portal and was available for T cell receptor contact. Using lysylPG and PG-loaded CD1a tetramers, we identified T cells in peripheral blood and in skin that respond to these lipids in a dose-dependent manner. Tetramer+CD4+ T cell lines secreted type 2 helper T cell cytokines in response to phosphatidylglycerols as well as to co-cultures of CD1a+ dendritic cells and Staphylococcus bacteria. The expansion in patients with atopic dermatitis of CD4+ CD1a-(lysyl)PG tetramer+ T cells suggests a response to lipids made by bacteria associated with atopic dermatitis and provides a link supporting involvement of PG-based lipid-activated T cells in atopic dermatitis pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Humanos , Pele , Células de Langerhans , Antígenos CD1 , Autoantígenos/metabolismo , Staphylococcus/metabolismo , Fosfatidilgliceróis
4.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 733: 109481, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522815

RESUMO

Ruscogenin, a kind of steroid saponin, has been shown to have significant anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-thrombotic characteristics. Furthermore, it has the potential to be employed as a medicinal medication to treat a variety of acute and chronic disorders. The interaction of a drug molecule with cell membranes can help to elucidate its system-wide protective and therapeutic effects, and it's also important for its pharmacological activity. The molecular mechanism by which ruscogenin affects membrane architecture is still a mystery. Ruscogenin's interaction with zwitterionic dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and anionic dipalmitoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DPPG) multilamellar vesicles (MLVs) was studied utilizing two non-invasive approaches, including: Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and Differential Scanning Calorimetry. Ruscogenin caused considerable alterations in the phase transition profile, order, dynamics and hydration state of head groups and glycerol backbone of DPPC and DPPG MLVs at all concentrations. The DSC results indicated that the presence of ruscogenin decreased the main phase transition temperature (Tm) and enthalpy (ΔH) values of both membranes and increased half height width of the main transition (ΔT1/2). The FTIR results demonstrated that all concentrations (1, 3, 6, 9, 15, 24 and 30 mol percent) of ruscogenin disordered the DPPC MLVs both in the gel and liquid crystalline phases while it increased the order of DPPG MLVs in the liquid crystalline phase. Moreover, ruscogenin caused an increase in the dynamics of DPPC and DPPG MLVs in both phases. Additionally, it enhanced the hydration of the head groups of lipids and the surrounding water molecules implying ruscogenin to interact strongly with both zwitterionic and charged model membranes.


Assuntos
1,2-Dipalmitoilfosfatidilcolina , Fluidez de Membrana , 1,2-Dipalmitoilfosfatidilcolina/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Análise de Fourier , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química
5.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7017, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385237

RESUMO

Pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs) mediate synaptic transmission and are sensitive to their lipid environment. The mechanism of phospholipid modulation of any pLGIC is not well understood. We demonstrate that the model pLGIC, ELIC (Erwinia ligand-gated ion channel), is positively modulated by the anionic phospholipid, phosphatidylglycerol, from the outer leaflet of the membrane. To explore the mechanism of phosphatidylglycerol modulation, we determine a structure of ELIC in an open-channel conformation. The structure shows a bound phospholipid in an outer leaflet site, and structural changes in the phospholipid binding site unique to the open-channel. In combination with streamlined alchemical free energy perturbation calculations and functional measurements in asymmetric liposomes, the data support a mechanism by which an anionic phospholipid stabilizes the activated, open-channel state of a pLGIC by specific, state-dependent binding to this site.


Assuntos
Canais Iônicos de Abertura Ativada por Ligante , Canais Iônicos de Abertura Ativada por Ligante/química , Canais Iônicos de Abertura Ativada por Ligante/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos , Sítios de Ligação , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Lipossomos
6.
Anal Chem ; 94(48): 16838-16846, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395489

RESUMO

Lipidomic and metabolomic profiles of sporulated and vegetative Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus thuringiensis from irradiated lysates were recorded using a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer modified to perform two-dimensional tandem mass spectrometry (2D MS/MS). The 2D MS/MS data domains, acquired using a 1.2 s scan of negative ions generated by nanoelectrospray ionization of microwave irradiated spores, showed the presence of dipicolinic acid (DPA) as well as various lipids. Aside from microwave radiation to extract DPA and lipids from spores, sample preparation was minimal. Characteristic lipid and metabolic profiles were observed using 107─108 cells of the two Bacillus species. Major features of the lipid profiles observed for the vegetative states included sets of phosphatidylglycerol (PG) lipids. Product ion spectra were extracted from the 2D MS/MS data, and they provided structural information on the fatty acid components of the PG lipids. The study demonstrates the flexibility, speed, and informative power of metabolomic and lipidomic fingerprinting for identifying the presence of spore-forming biological agents using 2D MS/MS as a rapid profiling screening method.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Bacillus/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Lipidômica , Bacillus subtilis/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis
7.
J Biomed Sci ; 29(1): 94, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among various complications of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), renal complications, namely COVID-19-associated kidney injuries, are related to the mortality of COVID-19. METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, we measured the sphingolipids and glycerophospholipids, which have been shown to possess potent biological properties, using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in 272 urine samples collected longitudinally from 91 COVID-19 subjects and 95 control subjects without infectious diseases, to elucidate the pathogenesis of COVID-19-associated kidney injuries. RESULTS: The urinary levels of C18:0, C18:1, C22:0, and C24:0 ceramides, sphingosine, dihydrosphingosine, phosphatidylcholine, lysophosphatidylcholine, lysophosphatidic acid, and phosphatidylglycerol decreased, while those of phosphatidylserine, lysophosphatidylserine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and lysophosphatidylethanolamine increased in patients with mild COVID-19, especially during the early phase (day 1-3), suggesting that these modulations might reflect the direct effects of infection with SARS-CoV-2. Generally, the urinary levels of sphingomyelin, ceramides, sphingosine, dihydrosphingosine, dihydrosphingosine L-phosphate, phosphatidylcholine, lysophosphatidic acid, phosphatidylserine, lysophosphatidylserine, phosphatidylethanolamine, lysophosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, lysophosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, and lysophosphatidylinositol increased, especially in patients with severe COVID-19 during the later phase, suggesting that their modulations might result from kidney injuries accompanying severe COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the biological properties of sphingolipids and glycerophospholipids, an understanding of their urinary modulations in COVID-19 will help us to understand the mechanisms causing COVID-19-associated kidney injuries as well as general acute kidney injuries and may prompt researchers to develop laboratory tests for predicting maximum severity and/or novel reagents to suppress the renal complications of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Esfingolipídeos , Humanos , COVID-19/complicações , Glicerofosfolipídeos , Esfingosina , Fosfatidiletanolaminas , SARS-CoV-2 , Fosfatidilserinas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Ceramidas , Rim , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Fosfatidilcolinas
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362195

RESUMO

LL-37 is a membrane-active antimicrobial peptide (AMP) that could disrupt the integrity of bacterial membranes due to its inherent cationic and amphipathic nature. Developing a shorter derivative of a long peptide such as LL-37 is of great interest, as it can reduce production costs and cytotoxicity. However, more detailed information about the residual interaction between LL-37 and the membrane is required for further optimization. Previously, molecular dynamics simulation using mixed all-atom and united-atom force fields showed that LL-37 could penetrate the bilayer membrane. This study aimed to perform all-atom molecular dynamics simulations, highlighting the residual interaction of LL-37 with the simplest model of the bacterial membrane, POPE:POPG (2:1), and compare its interaction with the POPC, which represents the eukaryotic membrane. The result showed leucine-leucine as the leading residues of LL-37 that first contact the membrane surface. Then, the cationic peptide of LL-37 started to penetrate the membrane by developing salt bridges between positively charged amino acids, Lys-Arg, and the exposed phosphate group of POPE:POPG, which is shielded in POPC. Residues 18 to 29 are suggested as the core region of LL-37, as they actively interact with the POPE:POPG membrane, not POPC. These results could provide a basis for modifying the amino acid sequence of LL-37 and developing a more efficient design for LL-37 derivatives.


Assuntos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/química , Leucina , Fosfatidilcolinas/química
9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(43): 48449-48463, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36271846

RESUMO

Considering the broad therapeutic potential of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), here we study the effect of PEGylation of DHA-incorporated hexosomes on their physicochemical characteristics and biodistribution following intravenous injection into mice. Hexosomes were formed from phosphatidylglycerol and DHA with a weight ratio of 3:2. PEGylation was achieved through the incorporation of either d-α-tocopheryl succinate poly(ethylene glycol)2000 (TPGS-mPEG2000) or 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)2000 (DSPE-mPEG2000) at a concentration of 1.5 wt %. Nanoparticle tracking analysis, synchrotron small-angle scattering, and cryo-transmission electron microscopy were employed to characterize the nanodispersions. The results show that PEGylated lipids induce a structural transition from an inverse hexagonal (H2) phase inside the nanoparticles (hexosomes) to a lamellar (Lα) phase (vesicles). We also followed the effect of mouse plasma on the nanodispersion size distribution, number, and morphology because changes brought by plasma constituents could regulate the in vivo performance of intravenously injected nanodispersions. For comparative biodistribution studies, fluorescently labeled nanodispersions of equivalent quantum yields were injected intravenously into healthy mice. TPGS-mPEG2000-induced vesicles were most effective in avoiding hepatosplenic clearance at early time points. In an orthotopic xenograft murine model of glioblastoma, TPGS-mPEG2000-induced vesicles also showed improved localization to the brain compared with native hexosomes. We discuss these observations and their implications for the future design of injectable lyotropic nonlamellar liquid crystalline drug delivery nanosystems for therapeutic interventions of brain and liver diseases.


Assuntos
Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Distribuição Tecidual , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Nanopartículas/química , alfa-Tocoferol , Succinatos
10.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 705, 2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36253734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elongases of very long chain fatty acids (ELOVLs), a family of first rate-limiting enzymes in the synthesis of long-chain fatty acids, play an essential role in the biosynthesis of complex lipids. Disrupting any of ELOVLs affects normal growth and development in mammals. Genetic variations in ELOVLs are associated with backfat or intramuscular fatty acid composition in livestock. However, the effects of ELOVL gene family on breeding selection and lipid deposition in different tissues are still unknown in chickens. RESULTS: Genetic variation patterns and genetic associations analysis showed that the genetic variations of ELOVL genes were contributed to breeding selection of commercial varieties in chicken, and 14 SNPs in ELOVL2-6 were associated with body weight, carcass or fat deposition traits. Especially, one SNP rs17631638T > C in the promoter of ELOVL3 was associated with intramuscular fat content (IMF), and its allele frequency was significantly higher in native and layer breeds compared to that in commercial broiler breeds. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) determined that the ELOVL3 expressions in pectoralis were affected by the genotypes of rs17631638T > C. In addition, the transcription levels of ELOVL genes except ELOVL5 were regulated by estrogen in chicken liver and hypothalamus with different regulatory pathways. The expression levels of ELOVL1-6 in hypothalamus, liver, abdominal fat and pectoralis were correlated with abdominal fat weight, abdominal fat percentage, liver lipid content and IMF. Noteworthily, expression of ELOVL3 in pectoralis was highly positively correlated with IMF and glycerophospholipid molecules, including phosphatidyl choline, phosphatidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidyl glycerol and phospholipids inositol, rich in ω-3 and ω-6 long-chain unsaturated fatty acids, suggesting ELOVL3 could contribute to intramuscular fat deposition by increasing the proportion of long-chain unsaturated glycerophospholipid molecules in pectoralis. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, we demonstrated the genetic contribution of ELOVL gene family to breeding selection for specialized varieties, and revealed the expression regulation of ELOVL genes and their potential roles in regulating lipid deposition in different tissues. This study provides new insights into understanding the functions of ELOVL family on avian growth and lipid deposition in different tissues and the genetic variation in ELOVL3 may aid the marker-assisted selection of meat quality in chicken.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Animais , Estrogênios , Etanolaminas , Elongases de Ácidos Graxos/genética , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Glicerofosfolipídeos , Inositol , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Fosfatidilcolinas , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Fosfolipídeos
11.
Extremophiles ; 26(3): 32, 2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36239851

RESUMO

Six novel halophilic archaeal strains of XZYJT10T, XZYJ18T, XZYJT40T, XZYJT49T, YCN54T and LT46T were isolated from a solar saltern in Tibet, a salt lake in Shanxi, and a saline soil in Xinjiang, China. Sequence similarities of 16S rRNA and rpoB' genes among strains XZYJT10T, XZYJ18T, XZYJT40T, XZYJT49T, YCN54T, LT46T and current members of Halorussus were 90.6-97.8% and 87.8-96.4%, respectively. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values among these six strains and current Halorussus members were in the range of 76.5-87.5% and 21.0-33.8%, respectively. These values were all below the species boundary threshold values. The phylogenomic tree based on 122 conserved archaeal protein marker genes revealed that the six novel strains formed individual distinct branches and clustered tightly with Halorussus members. Several phenotypic characteristics distinguished the six strains from current Halorussus members. Polar lipid analysis showed that the six novel strains contained phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate and two to three glycolipids. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties showed that the six strains represented six novel species within the genus Halorussus, for which the names Halorussus vallis sp. nov., Halorussus aquaticus sp. nov., Halorussus gelatinilyticus sp. nov., Halorussus limi sp. nov., Halorussus salilacus sp. nov., and Halorussus salinisoli sp. nov. are proposed.


Assuntos
Halobacteriaceae , Lagos , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Arqueal/genética , Ésteres , Glicolipídeos , Nucleotídeos , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo , Sulfatos
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 72(10)2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36268866

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, ovoid or short rod shaped and aerobic marine bacterium, designated as strain LXJ103T, was isolated from a coastal phytoplankton bloom in Xiamen, PR China. Cells were oxidase- and catalase-positive. Strain LXJ103T grew at 4-40 °C (optimum, 28-37 °C), at pH 6-10 (optimum, pH 8.5) and with 1-15 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3 %). The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were iso-C18 : 1 ω7c/iso-C18 : 1 ω6c (70.2 %) and C16 : 0 (10.3 %). The following polar lipids were found to be present: phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified phospholipids and five unknown glycolipids. The predominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10. Strain LXJ103T exhibited the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Roseovarius litorisediminis D1-W8T (96.97 %). The phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain LXJ103T was a member of the genus Roseovarius. The draft genome size of strain LXJ103T is 3.05 Mb with a genomic G+C content of 61.22 mol%. The digital DNA-DNA genome hybridization value of strain LXJ103T compared with the most similar type strain R. litorisediminis CECT 8287T was 18.80 %. The average nucleotide identity value between strain LXJ103T and R. litorisediminis CECT 8287T was 72.60 %. On the basis of polyphasic data, strain LXJ103T represents a novel species of the genus Roseovarius, for which the name Roseovarius carneus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LXJ103T (=CGMCC 1.19168T=MCCC 1K06527T=JCM 34778T).


Assuntos
Fosfatidiletanolaminas , Rhodobacteraceae , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Catalase/genética , Filogenia , Ubiquinona/química , Fitoplâncton , Cloreto de Sódio , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Ácidos Graxos/química , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Fosfolipídeos/química , Glicolipídeos , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Nucleotídeos
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 72(10)2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36269565

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, cream-coloured, aerobic, motile and ovoid- to rod-shaped bacterium, designated as FT325T, was isolated from mangrove sediment collected in Shenzhen, PR China. The taxonomic position of strain FT325T was established by phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic analyses. Strain FT325T grew optimally at 37-40 °C and pH 6.0 in the presence of 0 % (w/v) NaCl. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain FT325T was most similarly related to Limibaculum halophilum CAU 1123T (96.2 %), Phaeovulum vinaykumarii DSM 18714T (93.9%) and Amaricoccus solimangrovi HB 172011T (93.7 %). The major fatty acids (>10 %) were C18 : 1 ω7c (60.0 %) and 11-methyl C18 : 1 ω7c (16.7 %). The sole respiratory quinone was Q-10. The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified glycolipid, three unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified phospholipids. Its estimated genome size was 4 318 768 bp and the genomic DNA G+C content was 69.6 mol%. Based on its distinct phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characteristics, strain FT325T represents a novel species of the genus Limibaculum, for which the name Limibaculum sediminis sp. nov. is proposed (=MCCC 1K07397T=KCTC 92313T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Cloreto de Sódio , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , Composição de Bases , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Fosfolipídeos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Quinonas , Ubiquinona/química
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 72(10)2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36256551

RESUMO

Two extremely halophilic archaeal strains, PSR5T and PSR8T, were isolated from a saline soil sample collected from the Tarim Basin, Xinjiang, PR China. Both strains had two copies of the 16S rRNA genes rrn1 and rrn2, showing 2.6 and 3.9% divergence, respectively. The rrn1 gene of PSR5T showed 98.4 and 95.3% similarity to the rrn1 and rrn2 genes of strain PSR8T; the rrn2 gene of PSR5T displayed 97.4 and 96.7% similarity to those of strain PSR8T, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA and rpoB' genes revealed that strains PSR5T and PSR8T formed a single cluster, and then tightly clustered with the current four Haladaptatus species (93.5-97.1% similarities for the 16S rRNA gene and 89.3-90.9% similarities for the rpoB' gene, respectively). Several phenotypic characteristics differentiate strains PSR5T and PSR8T from current Haladaptatus members. The polar lipids of the two strains are phosphatidic acid, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester phosphatidylglycerol sulphate and three glycolipids. One of the glycolipids is sulphated mannosyl glucosyl diether, and the remaining two glycolipids are unidentified. The average nucleotide identity, in silico DNA-DNA hybridization, amino acid identity and percentage of conserved proteins values between the two strains were 88.5, 39.1, 89.3 and 72.8 %, respectively, much lower than the threshold values proposed as a species boundary. These values among the two strains and Haladaptatus members were 77.9-79.2, 22.0-23.5, 75.1-78.2 and 56.8-69.9 %, respectively, much lower than the recommended threshold values for species delimitation. These results suggested that strains PSR5T and PSR8T represent two novel species of Haladaptatus. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, genomic and phylogenetic properties, strains PSR5T (=CGMCC 1.16851T=JCM 34141T) and PSR8T (=CGMCC 1.17025T=JCM 34142T) represent two novel species of the genus Haladaptatus, for which the names Haladaptatus halobius sp. nov. and Haladaptatus salinisoli sp. nov. are proposed.


Assuntos
Halobacteriaceae , Solo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , DNA Arqueal/genética , Composição de Bases , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ácidos Graxos/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Glicolipídeos/química , Sulfatos , Fosfatidilgliceróis/análise , Nucleotídeos , Aminoácidos , Ácidos Fosfatídicos/análise , Ésteres
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 72(10)2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36288096

RESUMO

Three extremely halophilic archaeal strains (LT55T, SQT-29-1T and WLHS5T) were isolated from Gobi saline soil and a salt lake, China. These strains were most related to the genera Natribaculum and Halovarius (92.6-95.1 % similarities), and showed low similarities with other genera within the family Natrialbaceae based on 16S rRNA genes. Phylogenomic analysis confirmed that the three strains formed a distinct clade separated from the related genera Halostagnicola and Natronococcus, which indicated that they may represent a novel genus of the family Natrialbaceae. The average nucleotide identity (ANI), in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (isDDH) and average amino acid identity (AAI) values among the three strains were no more than 87, 34 and 85 %, respectively, much lower than the threshold values for species demarcation. The major phospholipids of the three strains were phosphatidic acid (PA), phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester (PGP-Me). The glycolipid profiles of the three strains were diverse; sulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether (S-DGD-1) and disulfated mannosyl glucosyl diether (S2-DGD) were found in strains LT55T and WLHS5T, while mannosyl glucosyl diether (DGD-1) and S-DGD-1 in strain SQT-29-1T. The combination of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, phylogenetic and genomic analyses suggested that strains WLHS5T (=CGMCC 1.13781T = JCM 33558T), SQT-29-1T (=CGMCC 1.16065T = JCM 33554T) and LT55T (=CGMCC 1.15188T = JCM 30838T) represent three novel species of a new genus within the family Natrialbaceae, for which the names, Halosolutus amylolyticus gen. nov., sp. nov., Halosolutus gelatinilyticus sp. nov. and Halosolutus halophilus sp. nov., are proposed. Genome-based classification of genera Natribaculum and Halovarius revealed that Halovarius luteus should be transferred to the genus Natribaculum as Natribaculum luteum comb. nov. and Natribaculum longum as a heterotypic synonym of Natribaculum breve Liu et al. 2015.


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Halobacteriaceae , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Filogenia , DNA Arqueal/genética , Composição de Bases , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ácidos Graxos/química , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Solo , Nucleotídeos , Aminoácidos , Ácidos Fosfatídicos , Ésteres
16.
Clin Transl Med ; 12(10): e1069, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36214754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A heterogeneous clinical phenotype is a characteristic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Therefore, investigating biomarkers associated with disease severity is important for understanding the mechanisms responsible for this heterogeneity and for developing novel agents to prevent critical conditions. This study aimed to elucidate the modulations of sphingolipids and glycerophospholipids, which have been shown to possess potent biological properties. METHODS: We measured the serum sphingolipid and glycerophospholipid levels in a total of 887 samples from 215 COVID-19 subjects, plus 115 control subjects without infectious diseases and 109 subjects with infectious diseases other than COVID-19. RESULTS: We observed the dynamic modulations of sphingolipids and glycerophospholipids in the serum of COVID-19 subjects, depending on the time course and severity. The elevation of C16:0 ceramide and lysophosphatidylinositol and decreases in C18:1 ceramide, dihydrosphingosine, lysophosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol were specific to COVID-19. Regarding the association with maximum severity, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylcholine species with long unsaturated acyl chains were negatively associated, while lysophosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylethanolamine were positively associated with maximum severity during the early phase. Lysophosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylcholine had strong negative correlations with CRP, while phosphatidylethanolamine had strong positive ones. C16:0 ceramide, lysophosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine species with long unsaturated acyl chains had negative correlations with D-dimer, while phosphatidylethanolamine species with short acyl chains and phosphatidylinositol had positive ones. Several species of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and sphingomyelin might serve as better biomarkers for predicting severe COVID-19 during the early phase than CRP and D-dimer. Compared with the lipid modulations seen in mice treated with lipopolysaccharide, tissue factor, or histone, the lipid modulations observed in severe COVID-19 were most akin to those in mice administered lipopolysaccharide. CONCLUSION: A better understanding of the disturbances in sphingolipids and glycerophospholipids observed in this study will prompt further investigation to develop laboratory testing for predicting maximum severity and/or novel agents to suppress the aggravation of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Esfingolipídeos , Animais , Biomarcadores , Ceramidas , Glicerofosfolipídeos , Histonas , Lipopolissacarídeos , Lisofosfatidilcolinas , Camundongos , Fosfatidilcolinas , Fosfatidiletanolaminas , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Fosfatidilinositóis , Esfingomielinas , Tromboplastina
17.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(10)2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36295495

RESUMO

Purpose: It is important that, when corticosteroids are used therapeutically, concentrations be reduced as much as possible to mitigate potential adverse events and side effects. This preliminary study compares the permeation for the delivery of a corticosteroid in a 1% hydrocortisone-supplemented topical cream containing anionic polar phospholipids (APP) in hydrogenated vegetable oil (triglyceride) versus a market-leading 1% hydrocortisone in a mineral hydrocarbon-based skin cream. Methods: Using the Franz diffusion cell method with cadaveric skin, the permeation of a 1% hydrocortisone-supplemented cream containing APP (test preparation) was compared with a commercially available 1% hydrocortisone cream (control preparation). The principal APP in the test preparation were phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylglycerol. Permeation was determined at 4 and 8 h time intervals. Results: The permeation values for the 1% hydrocortisone supplemental APP cream (test preparation) were comparatively very high 1180 ng/cm2 at 4 h and 2173 ng/cm2 at 8 h, in contrast to the 1% hydrocortisone cream (control preparation) values of 13 ng/cm2 at 4 h and 98 ng/cm2 at 8 h. Permeation of skin cream increased significantly from 0 to 4 and 8 h, when comparing the APP test preparation with the control preparation (p < 0.001). This translates, respectively, into the 90-fold greater and a 20-fold greater penetration of the test preparation APP cream over the 1% hydrocortisone cream at 4 h and 8 h time points. Conclusions: This preliminary study demonstrates the enhanced permeation of 1% hydrocortisone when applied topically to the skin in an APP skin cream vehicle. This enhanced permeation suggests the potential use of APP technology to deliver therapeutically effective hydrocortisone treatment to the skin at markedly reduced concentrations of steroid. As such, APP technology may offer an improved approach to the treatment of dermatoses associated with inflammatory diseases and conditions requiring prolonged topical corticosteroid therapy.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides , Hidrocortisona , Humanos , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Fosfolipídeos , Fosfatidilserinas , Administração Cutânea , Corticosteroides , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Fosfatidilinositóis , Triglicerídeos , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(18)2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142296

RESUMO

Alterations in the levels of serum sphingolipids and phospholipids have been reported in Gaucher disease and in Parkinson's disease, suggesting a potential role of these lipids as biomarkers. This project's objective is to detect novel associations and novel candidate biomarkers in the largest Spanish Gaucher and Parkinson diseases of the Iberian Peninsula. For that, 278 participants were included: 100 sporadic Parkinson's patients, 70 Gaucher patients, 15 GBA1-mutation-carrier Parkinson's patients and 93 controls. A serum lipidomics array including 10 phospholipid groups, 368 species, was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Lipid levels were compared between groups via multiple-regression analyses controlling for clinical and demographic parameters. Additionally, lipid levels were compared within the Gaucher and Parkinson's groups controlling for medication and/or disease severity. Results were controlled for robustness by filtering of non-detectable lipid values. There was an increase in the levels of phosphatidylcholine, with a simultaneous decrease in lyso-phosphatidylcholine, in the Gaucher, Parkinson's and GBA1-mutation-carrier Parkinson's patients vs. controls. Phosphatidylethanolamine, lyso- and plasmalogen-phosphatidylethanolamine were also increased in Gaucher and Parkinson's. Gaucher patients also showed an increase in lyso-phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylglycerol. While in the Gaucher and Parkinson's groups, velaglucerase alpha and dopamine agonists, respectively, showed positive associations with the lipid changes, miglustat treatment in Gaucher patients normalized the altered phosphatidylcholine/lyso-phosphatidylcholine ratio. In conclusion, Gaucher and Parkinson's patients showed changes in various serum phospholipid levels when compared with healthy controls, further supporting the role of such lipids in disease development and, possibly, as putative biomarkers. This hypothesis was reinforced by the normalizing effect of miglustat, and by controlling for data robustness, even though the limited number of participants, especially in the sub-distribution by treatment groups in GD requires validation in a larger number of patients.


Assuntos
Doença de Gaucher , Doença de Parkinson , 1-Desoxinojirimicina/análogos & derivados , Biomarcadores , Agonistas de Dopamina , Doença de Gaucher/complicações , Doença de Gaucher/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Gaucher/genética , Humanos , Mutação , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Fosfatidilcolinas , Fosfatidiletanolaminas , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Fosfatidilserinas , Plasmalogênios , Esfingolipídeos
19.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(10): 623, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107270

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated BSSL-BM10T, was isolated from sand of a dune that was collected from the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. It was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain BSSL-BM10T fell phylogenetically within the radiation comprising type strains of Devosia species. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain BSSL-BM10T shared sequence similarities of 98.2% with the type strain of D. naphthalenivorans and 93.5-97.7% with type strains of other Devosia species. ANI and dDDH values between strain BSSL-BM10T and type strains of 18 Devosia species were 71.0-78.4% and 18.8-21.5%, respectively. The DNA G + C content of strain BSSL-BM10T was 60.9% based on its genomic sequence data. Strain BSSL-BM10T contained Q-10 as the predominant ubiquinone and 11-methyl C18:1 ω7c, C18:1 ω7c, summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), and C16:0 as its major fatty acids. Major polar lipids of strain BSSL-BM10T were phosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified glycolipids. Strain BSSL-BM10T showed distinguishable phenotypic properties with its phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness separated from recognized Devosia species. Based on data presented in this study, strain BSSL-BM10T should be placed in the genus Devosia. The name Devosia litorisediminis sp. nov. is proposed for strain BSSL-BM10T (= KACC 21633T = NBRC 115152T).


Assuntos
Areia , Ubiquinona , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Glicolipídeos , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(10): 633, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123413

RESUMO

A urea-utilizing bacterium, designated Q2-2 T, was isolated from landfill. Cells of strain Q2-2 T were Gram stain-negative, aerobic, short-rod bacteria. Strain Q2-2 T was observed to grow at a temperature range of 15-37℃ (optimum 30 â„ƒ), a pH range of 5.5-9.5 (optimum pH 8.0) and 0-4% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1%). The major respiratory quinone was Q-8, and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidyl glycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, and phosphatidyl glycerol. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain Q2-2 T had the highest similarity with Paracandidimonas caeni 24 T (98.0%), followed by Pusillimonas soli MJ07T (97.5%), Parapusillimonas granuli Ch07T (97.2%), Pusillimonas ginsengisoli DCY25T (97.1%) and Paracandidimonas soli IMT-305 T (96.4%). The ANI values between strain Q2-2 T and the above related type strains were 71.02%, 73.52%, 74.32%, 74.59% and 72.29%, respectively. The DNA G + C content of strain Q2-2 T was 61.1%. Therefore, strain Q2-2 T represents a novel species of the genus Paracandidimonas, for which the name Paracandidimonas lactea sp. nov. (type strain Q2-2 T = CGMCC 1.19179 T = JCM 34906 T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Fosfatidiletanolaminas , Ureia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Glicerol , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Filogenia , Quinonas , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Cloreto de Sódio , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos
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