Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 831
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 368: 130832, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474242

RESUMO

Piper nigrum L. is commonly used worldwide and its pericarp, stalks, leaves will be major wastes materials. 42 amide alkaloids were identified in black, white pepper and pericarp by UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap HRMS method, followed by 40 constituents in stalks and 36 constituents in leaves. 8 amide alkaloids were reported for the first time in P. nigrum. An ultra-high-performance supercritical fluid chromatography (UHPSFC)-MS method was firstly applied to simultaneously determine 9 characteristic constituents (piperine, piperlonguminine, piperanine, pipercallosine, dehydropipernonaline, pipernonatine, retrofractamide B, pellitorine and guineensine). The most abundant compound in each extract was piperine with a concentration from 0.10 to 12.37 mg/g of dry weight. The fruits, pericarp and leaves extracts could improve cell viability in 6-OHDA-induced SK-N-SH and SH-SY5Y cells. The results showed the characteristics of amide alkaloids of different parts of P. nigrum and evaluated their neuroprotective activities.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Piper nigrum , Piper , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Benzodioxóis , Frutas , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/farmacologia
2.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 53(5): 497, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34609608

RESUMO

To explore the potential alternative of anti-coccidials, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy of dietary Piper sarmentosum extract (PSE) on induced coccidia infection in chickens. A total of 96-day-old chickens were randomly distributed to 1 of 3 treatment groups, including (1) control negative untreated uninfected (CN), (2) control positive untreated infected (CP), and (3) Piper sarmentosum (P. sarmentosum) extract-treated infected group (PSE). Our results demonstrated that E. tenella challenged untreated group showed a reduction (P < 0.05) in post-infection (PI) body weight compared to control negative group. However, supplementation of P. sarmentosum extract had no significant effects on body weight and cecal lesions compared with control positive group. Infected chickens fed PSE diet decreased (P < 0.05) the bloody diarrhea scores and oocyst shedding (during the day 5 to 8 post-infection) than that of CP chickens. E. tenella-challenged chickens upregulated (P < 0.05) the mRNA expression of IL-8 and Bcl-2 compared to PSE chickens, while IFN-γ compared to CN chickens. On the other hand, treatment of P. sarmentosum extract tended to increase (P < 0.05) the transcription patterns of IL-4, IL-10, CLDN 1, SOD 1, and Bax with the comparison of control positive group; however, there were no significant effects on IL-8, ZO 1, and CAT expression between the PSE and CP groups. Collectively, these findings elaborated that dietary P. sarmentosum extract exhibit potential anti-coccidial effects in controlling the coccidia infection in chickens.


Assuntos
Coccidiose , Eimeria tenella , Piper , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Galinhas , Coccidiose/tratamento farmacológico , Coccidiose/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/tratamento farmacológico
3.
G3 (Bethesda) ; 11(10)2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568918

RESUMO

Mammalian olfactory receptor genes (ORs) are a diverse family of genes encoding proteins that directly interact with environmental chemical cues. ORs evolve via gene duplication in a birth-death fashion, neofunctionalizing and pseudogenizing over time. Olfaction is a primary sense used for food detection in plant-visiting bats, but the relationship between dietary specialization and OR repertoire diversity is unclear. Within neotropical Leaf-nosed bats (Phyllostomidae), many lineages are plant specialists, and some have a distinct OR repertoire compared to insectivorous species. Yet, whether specialization on particular plant genera is associated with the evolution of specialized, less diverse OR repertoires has never been tested. Using targeted sequence capture, we sequenced the OR repertoires of three sympatric species of short-tailed fruit bats (Carollia), which vary in their degree of specialization on the fruits of Piper plants. We characterized orthologous vs duplicated receptors among Carollia species, and explored the diversity and redundancy of the receptor gene repertoire. At the species level, the most dedicated Piper specialist, Carollia castanea, had lower OR diversity compared to the two generalists (C. sowelli and C. perspicillata), but we discovered a few unique sets of ORs within C. castanea with high redundancy of similar gene duplicates. These unique receptors potentially enable C. castanea to detect Piper fruit odorants better than its two congeners. Carollia perspicillata, the species with the most generalist diet, had a higher diversity of intact receptors, suggesting the ability to detect a wider range of odorant molecules. Variation among ORs may be a factor in the coexistence of these sympatric species, facilitating the exploitation of different plant resources. Our study sheds light on how gene duplication and changes in OR diversity may play a role in dietary adaptations and underlie ecological interactions between bats and plants.


Assuntos
Quirópteros , Piper , Receptores Odorantes , Animais , Quirópteros/genética , Dieta , Frutas , Receptores Odorantes/genética
4.
Acta Trop ; 223: 106076, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358514

RESUMO

Considering the fact that new, safe and incorporable treatment alternatives to therapeutic prophylaxis for tungiasis are lacking and sometimes proving difficult, this present study evaluated the potentials of integrating control approach involving focal premise treatment using 5% emulsifiable concentrate of cypermethrin, and topical application of Piper guineense oil with personal protection. Of the 90 houses selected, their floors were classified into paved rooms & unpaved verandas, paved verandas & unpaved rooms, paved rooms & verandas, and unpaved rooms & verandas, and tested for the presence of sand fleas using the sweeping and beating as well as soil collection and extraction by tullgren funnel method before fumigation. A total of 100 individuals partitioned into four groups of 25 individuals each were assigned 3%, 5%, 10% and 15% of P. guineense oil irrespective of stages of embedded fleas. The mean of sand fleas decreased from 1.14, 0.07, 0.21, and 1.66 to 0.37, 0.02, 0.09 and 1.08 after two weeks of single spray compared to the untreated location (p <  0.001). Furthermore, the mean lesions of stage I reduced to 0 after 2 to 6 days of 3%, 5%, 10% and 15% ointment application, and stage II and III after 10 to 12 days of 10% and 15% application respectively. The difference between tungiasis stages and exposure time for P. guineense ointment was highly significant p = 0.007 and p = 0.0002. Notable reduction in severity score of acute and chronic tungiasis was observed thus indicating effectiveness of the topical ointment. Hexanolic oil extracts of P. guineense in 10% and 15% concentration would kill embedded sand flea and ameliorate the sufferings in endemic settings.


Assuntos
Infestações por Pulgas , Controle de Insetos , Óleos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Sifonápteros , Tungíase , Animais , Infestações por Pulgas/prevenção & controle , Fumigação , Humanos , Nigéria , Piper/química , Tunga , Tungíase/tratamento farmacológico , Tungíase/epidemiologia , Tungíase/prevenção & controle
6.
Chem Biodivers ; 18(9): e2100458, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369666

RESUMO

Two biphenyl-type neolignans with a rare dibenzofuran skeleton, including a new one piyunneolignan A (1) and a known one piperneolignan D (2), together with a new sesquiterpenoid piyunin A (3), were isolated from the leaves and twigs of Piper yunnanense. Their structures were established on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic data analysis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculation. Piyunneolignan A (1) featured a rare C-2-C-2'/C-3-O-C-3' linkage. Compounds 1-3 were evaluated for their antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities against a panel of bacteria, fungi, and human cancer cell lines, respectively.


Assuntos
Lignanas/isolamento & purificação , Piper/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Lignanas/química , Estrutura Molecular , Sesquiterpenos/química
7.
Phytochemistry ; 190: 112886, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325242

RESUMO

As demand for pepper is rising to unprecedented levels, gaps in our knowledge are underlined by our inability to reliably distinguish the different species, in particular in the south-western Indian Ocean; this hampers the possibility of developing their economic potential and protect them efficiently. The aim of this study was to characterise two species of Piper (piperaceae) from Madagascar and one from Réunion Island via a multidisciplinary approach combining botany, genetics and chemistry and to propose authentication keys. Morphometric analyses were carried out on 22 quantitative and qualitative descriptors of the leaf and infructescence. Genetic analyses were conducted through DNA extraction, amplification by PCR and sequencing. Chemical analyses used spectrophotometric and chromatographic methods to determine concentrations in piperine and essential oil and describe the chemotypes of the sampled individuals. Our tri-disciplinary approach showed that the three peppers studied are very different from Piper nigrum L. Réunionese Piper borbonense and M3 Malagasy pepper clearly differ from the M1 Malagasy morphotype. Piper borbonense and M3 pepper appear to be closely related; a distinction could possibly be made at the variety (var.) or form (fa.) level on the basis of morphometry and according to piperine content for chemistry.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis , Piper nigrum , Piper , Oceano Índico , Ilhas
8.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(3): e20200616, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287460

RESUMO

During grain storage, a considerable amount of product is lost because of insects, such as Zabrotes subfasciatus. Currently, to mitigate these risks, studies are searching for plants with potential for the control of agricultural pests, also known as botanical insecticides. In this study, the fumigant toxicity of the essential oils of Piper callosum (PC-EO), Piper marginatum (PM-EO) and Vitex agnus-castus (VA-EO) against Zabrotes subfasciatus was investigated. The essential oils of PC-EO, PM-EO and VA-EO were analysed by gas chromatography (GC-MS), and the major components were 3,4-methylenedioxypropiophenone (10.4%), bicyclogermacrene (10.1%) and germacrene D (9.9%) for PM-EO; safrol (29.3%) for PC-EO; and 1,8-cineol (23.8%) for VA-EO. In fumigation tests, VA-EO killed 100% Zabrotes subfasciatus at a concentration of 0.004 µL/L air after 24 h of treatment, whereas PC-EO and PM-EO at 0.01 µL/L air caused 100% Z. subfasciatus mortality after 48 h. The VA-EO sample provided the lowest LD50 after 24 h (0.17 µL/L air), followed by PC-EO (0.78 µL/L air) and PM-EO (1.17 µL/L air). These results demonstrate that the essential oils of these species can be an alternative to control pests in stored products. This is the first report of the fumigant potential of these species against Z. subfasciatus.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Óleos Voláteis , Piper , Vitex , Óleos Vegetais
9.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210097

RESUMO

Obesity and hyperlipidemia are metabolic dysregulations that arise from poor lifestyle and unhealthy dietary intakes. These co-morbidity conditions are risk factors for vascular diseases. Piper sarmentosum (PS) is a nutritious plant that has been shown to pose various phytochemicals and pharmacological actions. This study aimed to investigate the effect of PS on obesity and hyperlipidemia in an animal model. Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five experimental groups. The groups were as follows: UG-Untreated group; CTRL-control; FDW-olive oil + 20% fructose; FDW-PS-PS (125 mg/kg) + 20% fructose; FDW-NGN-naringin (100 mg/kg) + 20% fructose. Fructose drinking water was administered daily for 12 weeks ad libitum to induce metabolic abnormality. Treatment was administered at week 8 for four weeks via oral gavage. The rats were sacrificed with anesthesia at the end of the experimental period. Blood, liver, and visceral fat were collected for further analysis. The consumption of 20% fructose water by Wistar rats for eight weeks displayed a tremendous increment in body weight, fat mass, percentage fat, LDL, TG, TC, HMG-CoA reductase, leptin, and reduced the levels of HDL and adiponectin as well as adipocyte hypertrophy. Following the treatment period, FDW-PS and FDW-NGN showed a significant reduction in body weight, fat mass, percentage fat, LDL, TG, TC, HMG-CoA reductase, and leptin with an increment in the levels of HDL and adiponectin compared to the FDW group. FDW-PS and FDW-NGN also showed adipocyte hypotrophy compared to the FDW group. In conclusion, oral administration of 125 mg/kg PS methanolic extract to fructose-induced obese rats led to significant amelioration of obesity and hyperlipidemia through suppressing the adipocytes and inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase. PS has the potential to be used as an alternative or adjunct therapy for obesity and hyperlipidemia.


Assuntos
Frutose/efeitos adversos , Hiperlipidemias , Síndrome Metabólica , Metanol/química , Obesidade , Piper/química , Extratos Vegetais , Animais , Frutose/farmacologia , Hiperlipidemias/induzido quimicamente , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperlipidemias/metabolismo , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/induzido quimicamente , Síndrome Metabólica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Obesidade/induzido quimicamente , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
10.
Parasitol Res ; 120(8): 2731-2747, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245362

RESUMO

Current treatment guidelines for leishmaniasis is based on chemotherapy with drugs that show a set of limitations such as high cost, toxicity, difficult route of administration, and lack of efficacy in endemic areas. In this context, phytopharmaceutical products and herbal medicines emerge as promising alternatives for developing new treatment against leishmaniasis. This review discusses the perspectives of leishmaniasis treatment based on natural products and phytotherapy highlighting the Piper genus, especially P. aduncun and P. mollicomum Kunth covering the period of 1998 to 2020. Leishmanicidal activity of pure compounds of Piper spp. [3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl) propanoic acid, 3-chlorosintenpyridone, 2'-hydroxy-3',4',6'-trimethoxy-chalcone, cardamonin, conocarpan, cubebin, eupomatenoid, flavokavain B, ( +)-(7R,8S)-epoxy-5,6-didehydrokavain, N-[7-(3',4'-methylenedioxypheny l-2(E),4(E)-heptadienoyl-pyrrolidine, N-[7-(3',4'-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2(Z),4(Z)-heptadienoyl-pyrrolidine, piperovatine, pellitorine, and piplartine (piperlongumine)] were proved against the promastigote and amastigote forms of parasite related with cutaneous (L. (L.) amazonensis, L. (V.) braziliensis, and L. (V.) guyanensis) and visceral (L. (L.) donovani, L. (L.) chagasi, and L. (L.) infantum). We also discussed the perspective of leishmaniasis treatment, considering the potential synergism between different promising species of Piper, presenting some interesting interaction possibilities for future studies between plants. Finally, the necessary steps for technological development of phytomedicines and herbal medicines with the desirable quality requirements for medicines are highlighted. The data presented here highlight the use of Piper spp. as source of pharmacological compounds that can lead to effective, safe, and inexpensive treatments for leishmaniasis.


Assuntos
Antiprotozoários , Leishmania/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Piper , Antiprotozoários/farmacologia , Leishmaniose/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Fitoterapia , Piper/química
11.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 163: 107229, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129936

RESUMO

Biological radiations provide unique opportunities to understand the evolution of biodiversity. One such radiation is the pepper plant family Piperaceae, an early-diverging and mega-diverse lineage that could serve as a model to study the diversification of angiosperms. However, traditional genetic markers lack sufficient variation for such studies, and testing hypotheses on poorly resolved phylogenetic frameworks becomes challenging. Limited genomic data is available for Piperaceae, which contains two of the largest genera of angiosperms, Piper (>2100 species) and Peperomia (>1300 species). To address this gap, we used genome skimming to assemble and annotate whole plastomes (152-161kbp) and >5kbp nuclear ribosomal DNA region from representatives of Piper and Peperomia. We conducted phylogenetic and comparative genomic analyses to study plastome evolution and investigate the role of hybridization in this group. Plastome phylogenetic trees were well resolved and highly supported, with a hard incongruence observed between plastome and nuclear phylogenetic trees suggesting hybridization in Piper. While all plastomes of Piper and Peperomia had the same gene content and order, there were informative structural differences between them. First, ycf1 was more variable and longer in Piper than Peperomia, extending well into the small single copy region by thousands of base pairs. We also discovered previously unknown structural variation in 14 out of 25 Piper taxa, tandem duplication of the trnH-GUG gene resulting in an expanded large single copy region. Other early-diverging angiosperms have a duplicated trnH-GUG, but the specific rearrangement we found is unique to Piper and serves to refine knowledge of relationships among early-diverging angiosperms. Our study demonstrates that genome skimming is an efficient approach to produce plastome assemblies for comparative genomics and robust phylogenies of species-rich plant genera.


Assuntos
Magnoliopsida , Peperomia , Piper , Evolução Molecular , Genômica , Magnoliopsida/genética , Peperomia/genética , Filogenia , Piper/genética
12.
Environ Res ; 200: 111493, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129868

RESUMO

The present research work reports the biosynthesis of hydroxyapatite (HAp) from eggshells and green synthesis of HAp from eggshells with incorporation of Piper betel leaf extract (PBL-HAp) using microwave conversion method. Although there are several works on synthesis of HAp from eggshells and other calcium and phosphorus rich substrates, the incorporation of herbal extract with HAp to promote antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity is less explored and reported. This research work highlights a simple and cost-effective method for development of antimicrobial biomaterials by combining the concepts of waste management, biomaterial science, and herbal medicine. In the present study, characterization of synthesized HAp was applied by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, and morphological analysis using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The characterization results indicated that the prepared HAp and PBL-HAp were pure b-type carbonated HAp. The PBL-HAp was checked for its antibacterial activity using the well diffusion method and biofilm inhibitory activity by crystal violet assay against some common pathogens. The antibacterial activities against Staphylococcus aureus and biofilm inhibitory activities against Escherichia coli, Vibrio harveyi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus of Piper betel leaf extract coated HAp (PBL-HAp) were showed to be significant and offered a promising role for the development of potent dental biomaterials.


Assuntos
Durapatita , Piper , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Casca de Ovo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Vibrio , Difração de Raios X
13.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071493

RESUMO

In this study, the antifungal potential of chemical constituents from Piper pesaresanum and some synthesized derivatives was determined against three phytopathogenic fungi associated with the cocoa crop. The methodology included the phytochemical study on the aerial part of P. pesaresanum, the synthesis of some derivatives and the evaluation of the antifungal activity against the fungi Moniliophthora roreri, Fusarium solani and Phytophthora sp. The chemical study allowed the isolation of three benzoic acid derivatives (1-3), one dihydrochalcone (4) and a mixture of sterols (5-7). Seven derivatives (8-14) were synthesized from the main constituents, of which compounds 9, 10, 12 and 14 are reported for the first time. Benzoic acid derivatives showed strong antifungal activity against M. roreri, of which 11 (3.0 ± 0.8 µM) was the most active compound with an IC50 lower compared with positive control Mancozeb® (4.9 ± 0.4 µM). Dihydrochalcones and acid derivatives were active against F. solani and Phytophthora sp., of which 3 (32.5 ± 3.3 µM) and 4 (26.7 ± 5.3 µM) were the most active compounds, respectively. The preliminary structure-activity relationship allowed us to establish that prenylated chains and the carboxyl group are important in the antifungal activity of benzoic acid derivatives. Likewise, a positive influence of the carbonyl group on the antifungal activity for dihydrochalcones was deduced.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Cacau/metabolismo , Piper/metabolismo , Agaricales/metabolismo , Ácido Benzoico/química , Chalconas/química , Cromatografia , Fusarium/metabolismo , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Íons , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Phytophthora/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
14.
J Oleo Sci ; 70(7): 995-1005, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121027

RESUMO

This work aimed to evaluate the impact of different storage conditions and light and temperature exposures on the visual aspect and chemical composition of the essential oil (EO) of Piper lhotzkyanum Kunth, obtained from leaves by hydrodistillation from a region of high altitude. For this purpose, aliquots of the EO were stored for up to 90 days (a) under a refrigerator condition of 5 ± 3°C, (b) under a long-term (LT) condition of 30 ± 2°C and 75 ± 5% relative humidity (RH) and an accelerated condition (AS) of 40 ± 2°C and 75 ± 5% RH, and (c) in a photostability test achieved in amber and colorless glass vials. The changes were monitored on days 0 (control), 60, and 90 for the refrigerator, LT, and AS conditions. All EO chemical analyses were assessed by GC-FID and GC-MS for quantification and identification, respectively. It is reported, for the first time, that the EO of P. lhotzkyanum is rich in the sesquiterpenes ß-elemene and α-zingiberene. No significant changes in the EO was observed, revealing a minimal impact of temperature on the sample at the different storage conditions. However, there was a change in the content of α-zingiberene to bicyclogermacrene after exposure to light. The visual appearance of the samples was altered for all test conditions except the refrigerator condition. These results can potentially contribute to the product development of a bioactive EO from leaves of P. lhotzkyanum, a sesquiterpene rich natural material.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis/análise , Piper/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Óleos Vegetais/análise , Armazenamento de Medicamentos/métodos , Luz , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/efeitos da radiação , Óleos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/efeitos da radiação , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Parasite ; 28: 42, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33944775

RESUMO

Several studies have assessed the potential of essential oils as substitutes for synthetic pesticides, in order to counter insect resistance to commercial pesticides. Piper aduncum L. is a very common shrub in the Amazon Rainforest and in other subtropical areas. The objective of this review was to analyse the existing information on P. aduncum essential oil as a raw material for new bioproducts for sustainable pest disease management. With this review, we collected and critically analysed 59 papers, representing all the studies that aimed to evaluate the essential oil properties of this species as an insecticide, acaricide and antiparasitic. The chemical composition differs depending on the origin, although phenylpropanoid dillapiole is the most cited component, followed by myristicin, 1,8-cineole and ß-ocimene. Between the acaricidal, antiparasitic and synergistic activities, the insecticidal effects are highly promising, with optimal results against the malaria vector Aedes aegypti, with an LC50 that ranges between 57 and 200µg/mL. Acaricidal activity has mainly been reported against Tetranychus urticae, showing an LC50 that ranges between 5.83 and 7.17µg/mL. Antiparasitic activity has predominately been found on Leishmania amazonensis, and antipromastigote activity has been found to be between 23.8 and 25.9µg/mL. Concerning the synergistic effect between dillapiole and synthetic insecticides, four studies on Spodoptera frugiperda found promising results with cypermethrin. In this review, we highlighted the potential of P. aduncum essential oil as a biopesticide, also focusing on the lack of information about applied research. We also provide suggestions for future investigations.


Assuntos
Acaricidas , Anopheles , Inseticidas , Malária , Óleos Voláteis , Piper , Animais , Antiparasitários , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Mosquitos Vetores , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia
16.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(7): 3851-3867, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34013420

RESUMO

Piper longum (also known as Indian long pepper) is widely used in Ayurvedic, Siddha and Unani medicine systems. The principle bioactive compound of this plant is piperine, which mainly accumulates in the fruits called spikes. The report of piperine production by endophytic microbes isolated from Piper sp., motivated us to investigate the endophytic microbial diversity associated with the spikes vis-à-vis leaves (which contain negligible levels of piperine). This is the first report to use metagenomics approach to unravel the endophytic microbial diversity in P. longum. Our results indicate that 2, 56, 631 bacterial OTUs and 1090 fungal OTUs were picked cumulatively from both the tissues. Although bacterial and fungal endophytes occupy the same niche, remarkable differences exist in their diversity and abundance. For instance, the most abundant bacterial genera in spikes were Nocardioides and Pseudonocardia (Phylum Actinobacteria; reported to produce bioactive compounds); while, in leaves were Larkinella and Hymenobacter (Phylum Bacteriodetes). Likewise, the fungal endophytes, Periconia, Cladosporium and Coniothyrium (which have been earlier reported to produce commercially important metabolites including piperine), were also present in high abundance in spikes, in comparison to leaves. Further, the results of PICRUSt analysis reveal the high metabolic potential of spike-associated bacteria for secondary metabolism, namely biosynthesis of alkaloids (including pyridine/piperidine), terpenes, flavonoids and antibiotics. Therefore, our findings indicate that the endophytes abundant or unique in spikes could be explored for bioprospecting of novel/commercially important metabolites; an approach that has both ecological and economical benefits.


Assuntos
Bioprospecção , Piper , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Endófitos/química , Endófitos/genética , Fungos/química , Fungos/classificação , Fungos/genética , Piper/química , Piper/genética , Piper/microbiologia , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(7): 4727-4736, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052872

RESUMO

Infectious diseases caused by multidrug-resistant microorganisms has increased in the last years. Piper species have been reported as a natural source of phytochemicals that can help in combating fungal and bacterial infections. This study had as objectives characterize the chemical composition of the essential oil from Piper caldense (EOPC), evaluate its potential antimicrobial activity, and investigate the synergistic effect with Norfloxacin against multidrug-resistant S. aureus overproducing efflux pumps, as well as, verify the EOPC ability to inhibit the Candida albicans filamentation. EOPC was extracted by hydrodistillation, and the chemical constituents were identified by gas chromatography, allowing the identification of 24 compounds (91.9%) classified as hydrocarbon sesquiterpenes (49.6%) and oxygenated sesquiterpenes (39.5%). Antimicrobial tests were performed using a 96-well plate microdilution method against C. albicans ATCC 10231, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 standard strains, as well as against multidrug-resistant strains S. aureus SA1199B (overexpressing norA gene), S. aureus K2068 (overexpressing mepA gene) and S. aureus K4100 (overexpressing qacC gene). The oil showed activity against C. albicans ATCC 10231 (≥ 512 µg/mL) and was able to inhibit hyphae formation, an important mechanism of virulence of C. albicans. On the other hand, EOPC was inactive against all bacterial strains tested (≤ 1,024 µg mL). However, when combined with Norfloxacin at subinhibitory concentration EOPC reduced the Norfloxacin and Ethidium bromide MIC values against S. aureus strains SA1199B, K2068 and K4100. These results indicate that EOPC is a source of phytochemicals acting as NorA, MepA and QacC inhibitors.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Norfloxacino , Óleos Voláteis , Piper , Staphylococcus aureus , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Norfloxacino/química , Norfloxacino/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Piper/química , Piper/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/genética
18.
Molecules ; 26(6)2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802144

RESUMO

Piper, Capsicum, and Pimenta are the main genera of peppers consumed worldwide. The traditional use of peppers by either ancient civilizations or modern societies has raised interest in their biological applications, including cytotoxic and antiproliferative effects. Cellular responses upon treatment with isolated pepper-derived compounds involve mechanisms of cell death, especially through proapoptotic stimuli in tumorigenic cells. In this review, we highlight naturally occurring secondary metabolites of peppers with cytotoxic effects on cancer cell lines. Available mechanisms of cell death, as well as the development of analogues, are also discussed.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Capsicum/metabolismo , Gênero Pimenta/metabolismo , Piper/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Capsaicina/química , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Capsicum/química , Capsicum/efeitos dos fármacos , Gênero Pimenta/química , Gênero Pimenta/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Piper/química , Piper/efeitos dos fármacos , Verduras/química
19.
Molecules ; 26(8)2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924432

RESUMO

Osmotin, a plant defense protein, has functional similarity to adiponectin, an insulin sensitizingsensitising hormone secreted by adipocytes. We speculated that Piper colubrinum Osmotin (PcOSM) could have functional roles in obesity-related cancers, especially breast cancer. Immunofluorescence assays, flow cytometry, cell cycle analysis and a senescence assay were employed to delineate the activity in MDAMB231 breast cancer cell line. PcOSM pre-treated P. nigrum leaves showed significant reduction in disease symptoms correlated with high ROS production. In silico analysis predicted that PcOSM has higher binding efficiency with adiponectin receptor compared to adiponectin. PcOSM was effectively taken up by MDAMB231 cancer cells which resulted in marked increase in intracellular ROS levels leading to senescence and cell cycle arrest in G2/M stage. This study provides evidence on the ROS mediated direct inhibitory activity of the plant derived osmotin protein on the phytopathogen Phytophthora capsici, and the additional functional roles of this plant defense protein on cancer cells through inducing ROS associated senescence. The strong leads produced from this study could be pursued further to obtain more insights into the therapeutic potential of osmotin in human cancers.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Piper/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos
20.
Eur J Med Chem ; 220: 113471, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930801

RESUMO

Natural products have long been an important source for discovery of new drugs to treat human diseases. Piperlongumine (PL) is an amide alkaloid isolated from Piper longum L. (long piper) and other piper plants and has received widespread attention because of its diverse biological activities. A large number of PL derivatives have been designed, synthesized and assessed in many pharmacological functions, including antiplatelet aggregation, neuroprotective activities, anti-diabetic activities, anti-inflammatory activities, anti-senolytic activities, immune activities, and antitumor activities. Among them, the anti-tumor effects and application of PL and its derivatives are most extensively studied. We herein summarize the development of PL derivatives, the structure and activity relationships (SARs), and their therapeutic potential on the treatments of various diseases, especially against cancer. We also discussed the challenges and future directions associated with PL and its derivatives in these indications.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Dioxolanos/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Dioxolanos/química , Dioxolanos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Hipoglicemiantes/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Piper/química , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/química , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/isolamento & purificação
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...