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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674663

RESUMO

Endophytes, which are widely found in host plants and have no harmful effects, are a vital biological resource. Plant endophytes promote plant growth and enhance plants' resistance to diseases, pests, and environmental stresses. In addition, they enhance the synthesis of important secondary metabolites in plants and improve the potential applicability of plants in agriculture, medicine, food, and horticulture. In this review, we summarize the recent progress in understanding the interaction between endophytes and plants and summarize the construction of synthetic microbial communities (SynComs) and metaomics analysis of the interaction between endophytes and plants. The application and development prospects of endophytes in agriculture, medicine, and other industries are also discussed to provide a reference for further study of the interaction between endophytes and plants and further development and utilization of endophytes.


Assuntos
Endófitos , Plantas , Endófitos/metabolismo , Metabolismo Secundário , Plantas/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Agricultura
2.
Curr Microbiol ; 80(2): 83, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680647

RESUMO

The wetland is an important ecosystem for purifying pollutants and circulating nutrients. Numerous microorganisms contribute to maintaining this function. We obtained Flavobacterium enshiense R6S-5-6 which was isolated from Ungok (Ramsar) Wetland and conducted whole-genome sequencing to investigate what contribution R6S-5-6 could make to the wetland community. The complete genome sequence of R6S-5-6 has a size of 3,251,289 bp with 37.68% of GC content. Gene annotation revealed that R6S-5-6 has several pathways to break down pollutants, including denitrification, assimilatory sulfate reduction (ASR), and polyphosphate-accumulating process. Furthermore, R6S-5-6 has genes that can have a positive effect on plants living in wetlands, such as storing essential nutrients, promoting plant growth, and protecting plants against pathogens.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Poluentes Ambientais , Áreas Alagadas , Desenvolvimento Vegetal
3.
Carbohydr Polym ; 302: 120344, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604042

RESUMO

In nature, the production of plant stress resistance traits is often induced by extreme environmental conditions. Under extreme conditions, plants can be irreversibly damaged. Intervention with phytostimulants, however, can improve plant stress resistance without causing damage to the plants themselves, hence maintaining the production. For example, exogenous substances such as proteins and polysaccharides can be used effectively as phytostimulants. Chitooligosaccharide, a plant stimulant, can promote seed germination and plant growth and development, and improve plant photosynthesis. In this review, we summarize progress in the research of chitooligosaccharide-induced plant stress resistance. The mechanism and related experiments of chitooligosaccharide-induced resistance to pathogen, drought, low-temperature, saline-alkali, and other stresses are classified and discussed. In addition, we put forward the challenges confronted by chitooligosaccharide-induced plant stress resistance and the future research concept that requires multidisciplinary cooperation, which could provide data for the in-depth study of the effect of chitooligosaccharide on plants.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Plantas , Quitosana/farmacologia , Oligossacarídeos , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Quitina , Estresse Fisiológico , Secas
4.
Curr Biol ; 33(1): R25-R27, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626859

RESUMO

When neighbouring competitors shade the tip of a leaf, differential growth at the other end of the organ elevates its position to avoid shade. A new study elucidates how waves of growth hormones communicate these distant leaf sectors.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Folhas de Planta , Luz
5.
Dalton Trans ; 52(3): 787-795, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594362

RESUMO

A series of red-emitting BaLaLiWO6:Mn4+ (BLLW:Mn4+) phosphors were successfully synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state reaction method. The crystal structure and luminescence properties of the obtained samples were systematically investigated. The emission spectra exhibited a deep red emission band peaking at 716 nm with a full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 44 nm under 340 nm excitation. The optimal Mn4+ molar concentration was about 1.2%. In addition, the luminescence mechanism was analyzed using a Tanabe Sugano energy level diagram. With the substitution of Sr for Ba, there was a red shift in the emission spectrum and a blue shift in the excitation spectrum. The emission intensity of BLLW:1.2%Mn4+ at 150 °C was about 22% of the initial value at room temperature. In contrast, the emission intensity of SrLaLiWO6:1.2%Mn4+ still maintained 79% of the initial emission intensity at room temperature at 150 °C. This was due to the fact that with the substitution of Sr for Ba, the W-O bond length gradually decreases, which gradually enhanced the crystal field strength of Mn4+.


Assuntos
Luminescência , Desenvolvimento Vegetal
6.
Curr Microbiol ; 80(2): 81, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662309

RESUMO

This study reports the draft genome sequence of Bacillus velezensis strain AAK_S6 as a valuable biocontrol agent with high genetic potential to harbor broad-spectrum secondary metabolite producing capacity. A genome data of 4,430,946 bp were generated with a GC content of 46.4% that comprised a total of 4861 genes including a total of 4757 coding sequences (CDS), 104 rRNAs, 85 tRNAs and 80 pseudo-genes. Based on the overall genome-based relatedness indices (OGRI), the strain AAK_S6 has been reassigned to its correct taxonomic position. The strain shared > 99% OrthoANI, > 98% ANIb, > 99% ANIm, > 0.9900 TETRA, > 93% dDDH and 0.08% GC content difference with model strains B. velezensis FZB42T and B. velezensis NRRL B-41580T thus delineating them as closely related species. The genome was mined for strain-specific secondary metabolites that revealed 20 gene clusters for the biosynthesis of several cyclic lipopeptides, saccharides, polyketides along with bacilysin. Thus, the comparative genome analysis of strain AAK_S6 with members of the genus Bacillus by phylogenomic approach revealed that the genomes were almost similar genetically and contained the core genome for B. velezensis. Genomic data strongly supported that the strain AAK_S6 represented an excellent potential candidate for the production of secondary metabolites that could serve as a basis for developing new biocontrol agents, plant growth promoters, and microbial fertilizers.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Genoma Bacteriano , Bacillus/metabolismo , Genômica , Desenvolvimento Vegetal
7.
Curr Microbiol ; 80(2): 80, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662359

RESUMO

The application of mineral-solubilizing, plant growth-promoting bacteria as inoculants offers a promising alternative to chemical fertilizers. In the present study, lithic bacterial isolates were evaluated for mineral solubilization and plant growth-promoting potential. Among the 57 lithic bacterial isolates associated with different rock samples collected from various locations in Meghalaya, India, nine K-solubilizing isolates, six S-solubilizing isolates, five P- and Si-solubilizing isolates, and three Zn-solubilizing isolates with notable indole-3-acetic acid and siderophore production, and ACC deaminase activity were selected for further study. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, isolates were affiliated to nine different genera (Arthrobacter, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Halopseudomonas, Bacillus, Neobacillus, Peribacillus, Pantoea, and Priestia). On performing rice seed germination potentials, Pantoea agglomerans BL26, Priestia megaterium BL9, Bacillus subtilis GP2, Halopseudomonas xinjiangensis BL29, and Pseudomonas sp. BM1 were selected for in vitro pot experiments, being the most potent isolates. Following inoculation, all five isolates were found to significantly enhance growth of rice plants (P < 0.05). The maximum shoot length increased due to P. megaterium BL9, the maximum root length increased due to H. xinjiangensis BL29, and the maximum plant fresh weight increased due to P. megaterium BL9. The findings concluded that these five lithic bacterial isolates have potent plant growth-promoting potential with possible prospection through field trials. To the best of available literature, this is a first report on the characterization of lithic bacterial isolates as mineral solubilizers and plant growth promoters.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Bactérias , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Bacillus/genética , Índia , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
8.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 76: 127116, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36481602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fenugreek is known to have good anti-diabetes properties. Moreover, several studies accounted that the trivalent form of chromium [Cr(III)] also have anti-diabetic properties. However, its hexavalent form i.e., Cr(VI) is known to be highly toxic and carcinogenic to living beings and retarded plant growth even if it is present in low concentration in soil. Many plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are reported to have the potential to reduce the Cr(VI) into Cr(III) in soil. In view of the above, the present objective was designed to effectively utilize Cr(VI) reducing PGPRs for the growth and development of fenugreek plant in Cr(VI) amended soil, apart from reducing Cr(VI) in soil and fortification of Cr(III) in the aerial part of plants. METHODS: The experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of Cr(VI)-reducing PGPRs viz. Bacillus cereus (SUCR44); Microbacterium sp. (SUCR140); Bacillus thuringiensis (SUCR186) and B. subtilis (SUCR188) on growth, uptake and translocation of Cr as well as other physiological parameters in fenugreek grown under artificially Cr(VI) amended soil (100 mg kg-1 of Cr(VI) in soil). RESULTS: The aforementioned concentration of Cr(VI) in soil cause severe reduction in root length (41 %), plant height (43 %), dry root (38 %) and herb biomass (48 %), when compared with control negative (CN; uninoculated plant not grown in Cr(VI) contaminated soil). However, the presence of Microbacterium sp.-SURC140 (MB) mitigates the Cr toxicity resulting in improved root length (92 %), plant height (86 %), dry root (74 %) and herb biomass (99 %) as compared with control positive (CP; uninoculated plants grown in Cr(VI) contaminated soil). The maximum reduction in bioavailability (82 %) of Cr(VI) in soil and its uptake (50 %) by the plant were also observed in MB-treated plants. However, All Cr(VI)-reducing PGPRs failed to decrease the translocation of Cr to the aerial parts. Moreover, the plant treated with MB observed diminution in relative water content (13 %), electrolyte leakage (16%) and lipid peroxidation (38 %) as well as higher chlorophyll (37 %) carotenoids (17 %) contents and antioxidants (18%) potential. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that MB can lower the Cr(VI) toxicity to the plant by reducing the bioavailable Cr(VI), consequently reducing the Cr(VI) toxicity level in soil and helping in improving the growth and yield of fenugreek. Additionally, Cr(III) uptakes and translocation may improve the effectiveness of fenugreek in treating diabetes.


Assuntos
Solo , Trigonella , Cromo/toxicidade , Cromo/análise , Desenvolvimento Vegetal
9.
Curr Microbiol ; 80(1): 22, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36460904

RESUMO

Seed coating is an alternative delivery system for beneficial plant microorganisms into the soil. Although seed coats are widely used for the application of agrochemicals, the incorporation of beneficial microorganisms has not been explored deeply and their survival on seeds while in storage is unknown. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of the coating process on microbial survival and on plant growth promotion. Two coating formulations were designed, and assessed by two coating processes: rotating drum and fluidized bed. The rotating drum process resulted in more uniform coatings than in the fluidized bed process. In addition, with this coating technique, lower viability losses over time were observed. The rotatory drum prototype containing a biopolymer and a clay mineral derivate (P90) showed the best behavior at the three temperatures evaluated, with superior viabilities compared to the other prototypes and the lowest loss of viability after 12 months. The formulation of this coating prototype may preserve the viability of Trichoderma koningiopsis Th003 up to 15 months at 8 °C, 9 months at 18 °C, and 3 months at 28 °C, which are very promising shelf-life results. Regarding the effect of seed coating on plant growth, prototypes showed higher yields > 16% than the control, comparable to the conventional use of Tricotec® WG, which may reduce the number of applications and water consumption for dissolution of the inoculant. The results demonstrated that the formulation composition, as well as the coating process may impact the microbial survival on seeds.


Assuntos
Hypocreales , Oryza , Sementes , Desenvolvimento Vegetal
10.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(49): e2212881119, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454754

RESUMO

Membrane properties are emerging as important cues for the spatiotemporal regulation of hormone signaling. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) evokes multiple biological responses by activating G protein-coupled receptors in mammals. In this study, we demonstrated that LPA derived from the mitochondrial glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferases GPAT1 and GPAT2 is a critical lipid-based cue for auxin-controlled embryogenesis and plant growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. LPA levels decreased, and the polarity of the auxin efflux carrier PIN-FORMED1 (PIN1) at the plasma membrane (PM) was defective in the gpat1 gpat2 mutant. As a consequence of distribution defects, instructive auxin gradients and embryonic and postembryonic development are severely compromised. Further cellular and genetic analyses revealed that LPA binds directly to PIN1, facilitating the vesicular trafficking of PIN1 and polar auxin transport. Our data support a model in which LPA provides a lipid landmark that specifies membrane identity and cell polarity, revealing an unrecognized aspect of phospholipid patterns connecting hormone signaling with development.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Ácidos Indolacéticos , Animais , Lisofosfolipídeos , Arabidopsis/genética , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Mamíferos
11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7398, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456572

RESUMO

Alpine plants have evolved a tight seasonal cycle of growth and senescence to cope with a short growing season. The potential growing season length (GSL) is increasing because of climate warming, possibly prolonging plant growth above- and belowground. We tested whether growth dynamics in typical alpine grassland are altered when the natural GSL (2-3 months) is experimentally advanced and thus, prolonged by 2-4 months. Additional summer months did not extend the growing period, as canopy browning started 34-41 days after the start of the season, even when GSL was more than doubled. Less than 10% of roots were produced during the added months, suggesting that root growth was as conservative as leaf growth. Few species showed a weak second greening under prolonged GSL, but not the dominant sedge. A longer growing season under future climate may therefore not extend growth in this widespread alpine community, but will foster species that follow a less strict phenology.


Assuntos
Clima , Pradaria , Estações do Ano , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Adaptação Psicológica
12.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 94(suppl 3): e20210860, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36477230

RESUMO

Fusarium wilt is a fungal disease that causes economic losses to viticulture, whose causal agent Fusarium sp. has been associated with the decline and death of young vines. This work had the objective of evaluating the antagonistic potential of Bacillus subtilis F62 against F. oxysporum in vitro and in vivo, as well as the growth promotion in the grapevine rootstock SO4. In the in vitro assay, the antagonism by diffusible and volatile compounds of B. subtilis F62 and the inhibition of conidial germination of four Fusarium sp. isolates were evaluated. In the in vivo assay, cuttings and micropropagated plants of SO4 were submitted to four treatments: control, Bac (B. subtilis F62 inoculation), Fus (F. oxysporum inoculation) and Bac + Fus. We observed that inhibition of mycelial growth occurred mainly by diffusible compounds. B. subtilis F62 had a positive effect on the growth promotion and in the biocontrol of F. oxysporum, reducing the frequency of pathogen re-isolation in cuttings (18.1%) and in micropropagated plants (52.4%). These results demonstrate the ability of B. subtilis F62 to upgrade plant development and assist in controlling of the Fusarium wilt in the grapevine rootstock SO4.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Bacillus subtilis , Desenvolvimento Vegetal
14.
Curr Microbiol ; 80(1): 48, 2022 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36538136

RESUMO

Zinc solubilizing rhizobacteria (ZSR) enhance the phyto-availability of Zn by converting its insoluble forms into usable forms that are essential for the growth and nutritional quality of crops. In the present study, a potential ZSR, hereafter referred to as strain N14, was isolated from the polyhouse rhizospheric soil of Punjab, India. The isolated rhizobacteria was found to be Gram-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped, and demonstrated a solubilization index of 63.75 on the Bunt Rovira (BR) medium. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that isolated strain N14 matches substantially with type strain Dietzia maris DSM 43672 T. In its ZnO broth assay, a significant amount of soluble Zn was detected along with a simultaneous decrease in pH of the broth. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography analysis revealed the release of organic acids, specifically, lactic acid and acetic acid by D. maris strain N14 which could be the reason for the decrease in broth pH. The production of indole acetic acid (29.91 µg/ml), gibberellic acid (4.72 µg/ml), ammonia (38.87 µg/ml), siderophore (0.89%), along with the release of HCN and appearance of phosphate solubilization zone (14.4 mm) with this strain suggested its possible plant growth-promoting (PGP) characteristics. Therefore, this strain was employed in the formulation of pellets which were applied for in vivo PGP studies using tomato plants. The developed bioformulated pellets showed a significant enhancement in plant growth as compared to control and vermicompost treated plants. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing the Zn solubilizing and PGP characteristics of D. maris.


Assuntos
Actinomycetales , Zinco , Solo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Plantas , Actinomycetales/genética , Microbiologia do Solo
15.
Arch Microbiol ; 205(1): 45, 2022 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36576567

RESUMO

Nodular endophytes of drought-tolerant legumes are understudied. For this reason, we have isolated and studied non-symbiotic endophytic bacteria from nodules of Vachellia tortilis subsp. raddiana, a leguminous tree adapted to the harsh arid climate of Southern Morocco. Rep-PCR analysis followed by 16S rDNA sequencing revealed two main genera, Pseudomonas and Bacillus. Isolates responded variably to salt and water stresses, and mostly produced exopolysaccharides. Differences concerned also plant growth-promoting activities: phosphate, potassium, and zinc solubilization; biological nitrogen fixation; auxin, siderophore, ammonia, and HCN production; and ACC deaminase activity. Some strains exhibited antagonistic activities against phytopathogenic fungi (Fusarium oxysporum and Botrytis cinerea) and showed at least two enzymatic activities (cellulase, protease, chitinase). Four selected strains inoculated to vachellia plants under controlled conditions have shown significant positive impacts on plant growth parameters. These strains are promising bio-inoculants for vachellia plants to be used in reforestation programs in arid areas increasingly threatened by desertification.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Fabaceae , Árvores , Bactérias/genética , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Bacillus/genética , Plantas , Verduras , Endófitos
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(24)2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36555242

RESUMO

Crucial studies have verified that IAA is mainly generated via the two-step pathway in Arabidopsis, in which tryptophan aminotransferase (TAA) and YUCCA (YUC) are the two crucial enzymes. However, the role of the TAA (or TAR) and YUC genes in allotetraploid oilseed rape underlying auxin biosynthesis and development regulation remains elusive. In the present study, all putative TAR and YUC genes were identified in B. napus genome. Most TAR and YUC genes were tissue that were specifically expressed. Most YUC and TAR proteins contained trans-membrane regions and were confirmed to be endoplasmic reticulum localizations. Enzymatic activity revealed that YUC and TAR protein members were involved in the conversion of IPA to IAA and Trp to IPA, respectively. Transgenic plants overexpressing BnaYUC6a in both Arabidopsis and B. napus displayed high auxin production and reduced plant branch angle, together with increased drought resistance. Moreover, mutation in auxin biosynthesis BnaTARs genes by CRISPR/Cas9 caused development defects. All these results suggest the convergent role of BnaYUC and BnaTAR genes in auxin biosynthesis. Different homoeologs of BnaYUC and BnaTAR may be divergent according to sequence and expression variation. Auxin biosynthesis genes in allotetraploid oilseed rape play a pivotal role in coordinating plant development processes and stress resistance.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Secas , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
17.
BMC Microbiol ; 22(1): 322, 2022 12 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36581840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Populus euphratica Olivier is a kind of tree capable of growing in extremely arid desert and semi-desert environments. In this study, a culture-dependent method was used to analyze the bacterial diversity of stem liquid of P. euphratica and resina of P. euphratica, and to further evaluate plant growth promoting (PGP) activity. RESULTS: A total of 434 bacteria were isolated from stem fluid and resina of P. euphratica in Ebinur Lake Wetland Nature Reserve and Mulei Primitive forest. The results of taxonomic composition analysis shows that Gammaproteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Actinobacteria_c are the three dominant groups in all the communities, and the representative genera are Bacillus, Nesterenkonia and Halomonas. The diversity analysis shows that the culturable bacterial community diversity of P. euphratica in Ebinur Lake Wetland Nature Reserve is higher than that in Mulei Primitive forest, and the bacterial community diversity of P. euphratica stem fluid is higher than that of resina. According to PGP activity evaluation, 158 functional bacteria with plant growth promoting potential were screened. Among them, 61 strains havephosphorus solubilizing abilities, 80 strains have potassium solubilizing abilities, 32 strains have nitrogen fixation abilities, and 151 strains have iron ammonia salt utilization abilities. The germination rate, plant height, and dry weight of the maize seedlings treated with strains BB33-1, TC10 and RC6 are significantly higher than those of the control group. CONCLUSION: In this study, a large number of culturable bacteria were isolated from P. euphratica, which provides new functional bacteria sources for promoting plant growth.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Populus , Populus/microbiologia , Bactérias , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Plantas
18.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 39(2): 54, 2022 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36565394

RESUMO

Phosphorus (P) is one of the essential elements that are necessary for plant development and growth. However, the availability of soluble forms of P for plants in the soils is limited, because a large proportion of it is bound to soil constituents. Thus, the concentration of P available to plants at any time is very low and, moreover, its availability depends on the soil pH. As a solution, phosphate-solubilizing microorganisms (PSMs) are employed that render inorganic P available to plants in soluble form. Thus far, research into PSMs has been insufficient, and only few such organisms have been considered for exploitation as microbial fertilizer strains. The characteristics of plant growth promotion with the plant-PSMs coculture system remain to be elucidated. In the current study, we report on the isolate Rhodosporidium paludigenum JYC100 that exhibits good performance for solubilizing calcium phosphate. We found that it can be regulated by the amount of soluble phosphate. Furthermore, R. paludigenum JYC100 promotes plant growth under specific conditions (P deficiency, but with insoluble phosphate) in different media and soil pots. In contrast, the yeast Aureobasidium pullulans JYC104 exhibited weak phosphate-solubilizing capacities and no plant growth-promoting ability. Compared to control plants, the biomass, shoot height, and cellular inorganic P content of plants increased in plants cocultivated with R. paludigenum JYC100. In addition, histochemical GUS and qRT-PCR assays of phosphate starvation-induced (PSI) genes showed that the transcript levels of these PSI genes are decreased in the plants cocultured with R. paludigenum JYC100. These findings reflect the unique ability of R. paludigenum JYC100 to convert insoluble P compounds to plant-available P, thereby leading to growth promotion. Our study results highlight the use of yeasts as potential substitutes for inorganic phosphate fertilizers to meet the P demands of plants, which may eventually improve yields in sustainable agricultures.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Fosfatos , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Leveduras/metabolismo , Solo , Plantas/metabolismo , Microbiologia do Solo
19.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 21841, 2022 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36528722

RESUMO

Polarimetry is a powerful characterization technique that uses a wealth of information from electromagnetic waves, including polarization. Using the rich information provided by polarimetry, it is being actively studied in biomedical fields such as cancer and tumor diagnosis. Despite its importance and potential in agriculture, polarimetry for living plants has not been well studied. A Stokes polarimetric imaging system was built to determine the correlation between the polarization states of the light passing through the leaf and the growth states of lettuce. The Stokes parameter s3 associated with circular polarization increased over time and was strongly correlated with the growth of lettuce seedlings. In the statistical analysis, the distribution of s3 followed the generalized extreme value (GEV) probability density function. Salt stress retarded plant growth, and the concentration of treated sodium chloride (NaCl) showed a negative correlation with the location parameter µ of GEV. The clear correlation reported here will open the possibility of polarization measurements on living plants, enabling real-time monitoring of plant health.


Assuntos
Luz , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Análise Espectral , Folhas de Planta , Alface , Plantas
20.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 39(2): 41, 2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512151

RESUMO

A natural bacterial isolate from fermented panchagavya named as PG-64, exhibits multiple plant growth-promoting traits. This Gram-negative bacteria was identified as Klebsiella sp. PG-64 by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The Klebsiella sp. PG-64 has shown production of indole acetic acid (106.0 µg/ml), gibberellic acid (20.0 µg/ml), ammonia (7.12 µmol/ml), exopolysaccharide (2.04% w/v) and phosphate solubilization (106.0 µg/ml). It produced 437 µg/ml IAA with 0.75% (w/v) L-tryptophan supplementation and was increased to 575 µg/ml in a laboratory-scale fermenter. The PG-64 has shown tolerance to abiotic stress conditions like pH (5.0-12.0), temperature (28-46 °C), salt (0.5-10.0% w/v NaCl) and osmotic resistance (1-10% w/v PEG-6000). The PG-64 also produced 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) deaminase (0.3 ng α-ketobutyrate/mg protein/h) indicating its potential for drought tolerance. Owing to its diverse properties, the effect of Klebsiella sp. PG-64 on Vigna radiata (Mung bean) was examined. The seeds treated with PG-64 culture showed 92% germination with a good seedling vigour index (202). In the pot study, Vigna radiata growth showed 2.23, 1.55, 2.00, 1.65, 1.73, 1.88, 5.00, 5.00, 1.57 times increase in primary root length, dry root weight, root hair numbers, leaf width, leaf numbers, leaf area, fruits number, flower number and chlorophyll content, respectively after 75 days. The application of Klebsiella sp. PG-64 culture resulted in substantial growth enhancement of Vigna radiata. The Klebsiella sp. PG-64 has multiple plant growth-promoting properties along with capabilities to tolerate abiotic stresses, making it a promising liquid biofertilizer contender for various crops.


Assuntos
Vigna , Vigna/química , Microbiologia do Solo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Klebsiella/genética , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
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