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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 146-154, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311309

RESUMO

The ability to formulate cubosomes and hexosomes with a single lipid by changing only the colloidal stabiliser presents a unique opportunity to directly compare the biological performance of these uniquely structured nanoparticles. This was explored here via the encapsulation and brain delivery of a model anti-seizure drug, phenytoin, in selachyl alcohol cubosomes and hexosomes. Nanoparticles were prepared with Pluronic® F127 or Tween 80® as the stabiliser and characterised. The internal nanostructure of nanoparticles shifted from hexosomes when using Pluronic® F127 as the stabiliser to cubosomes when using Tween 80® and was conserved following loading of phenytoin, with high encapsulation efficiencies (>97%) in both particle type. Cytotoxicity towards brain endothelial cells using the hCMEC/D3 line was comparable regardless of stabiliser type. Finally, in vivo brain delivery of phenytoin encapsulated in cubosomes and hexosomes after intravenous administration to rats was studied over a period of 60 min, showing cubosomes to be superior to hexosomes, both in terms of brain concentrations and brain to plasma ratio. While the role of stabiliser and/or internal nanostructure remains to be conclusively determined, this study is the first in vivo comparison of cubosomes and hexosomes for the delivery of a therapeutic drug molecule across the BBB and into the brain.


Assuntos
Cristais Líquidos , Nanopartículas , Animais , Encéfalo , Células Endoteliais , Tamanho da Partícula , Fenitoína , Poloxâmero , Ratos
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1179-1192, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487937

RESUMO

Many drugs and drug candidates are poorly water-soluble. Intestinal fluids play an important role in their solubilization. However, the interactions of intestinal fluids with polymer excipients, drugs and their formulations are not fully understood. Here, diffusion ordered spectroscopy (DOSY) and nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY), complemented by cryo-TEM were employed to address this. Efavirenz (EFV) as model drug, the triblock copolymers Pluronic® F-127 (PF127) and poly(2-oxazoline) based pMeOx-b-pPrOzi-b-pMeOx (pOx/pOzi) and their respective formulations were studied in simulated fed-state intestinal fluid (FeSSIF). For the individual polymers, the bile interfering nature of PF127 was confirmed and pure pOx/pOzi was newly classified as non-interfering. A different and more complex behaviour was however observed if EFV was involved. PF127/EFV formulations in FeSSIF showed concentration dependent aggregation with separate colloids at low formulation concentrations, a merging of individual particles at the solubility limit of EFV in FeSSIF and joint aggregates above this concentration. In the case of pOx/pOzi/EFV formulations, coincident diffusion coefficients for pOx/pOzi, lipids and EFV indicate joint aggregates across the studied concentration range. This demonstrates that separate evaluation of polymers and drugs in biorelevant media is not sufficient and their mixtures need to be studied to learn about concentration and composition dependent behaviour.


Assuntos
Benzoxazinas , Poloxâmero , Alcinos , Ciclopropanos , Excipientes , Solubilidade
3.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(11): 1472-1478, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779176

RESUMO

Objective: To prepare Pluronic F-127 composite gel loaded with transforming growth factor ß 3 (TGF-ß 3) and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and observe its osteogenesis and angiogenesis effects in vivo and in vitro. Methods: BMSCs were isolated from the tibial and femoral bone marrow of New Zealand white rabbits and passaged, and the 3rd generation cells were used for subsequent experiments after identification of osteogenic and adipogenic induction. Pluronic F-127 powder and TGF-ß 3 were dissolved in L-DMEM medium to prepare Pluronic F-127 gel, TGF-ß 3+Pluronic F-127 gel, BMSCs+Pluronic F-127 gel, and TGF-ß 3+BMSCs+Pluronic F-127 gel. The 3rd generation of BMSCs were cultured with L-DMEM medium (group A), osteogenic induction medium (group B), osteogenic induction medium containing Pluronic F-127 gel (group C), and osteogenic induction medium containing TGF-ß 3+Pluronic F-127 gel (group D), respectively. After 14 days of culturing, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and Alizarin red staining were used to observe the osteogenesis. In addition, the BMSCs were cultured with L-DMEM medium containing Pluronic F-127 gel (experimental group) and L-DMEM medium (control group) for 1, 2, 3, and 4 days, respectively. And the cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay. Ten New Zealand white rabbits were taken to prepare the maxillary sinus lift models, and Pluronic F-127 gel (group A), TGF-ß 3+Pluronic F-127 gel (group B), BMSCs+Pluronic F-127 gel (group C), and TGF-ß 3+BMSCs+Pluronic F-127 gel (group D) were injected into the bone defects, respectively. On the 8th week, imaging examination and HE staining were used to observe the formation of new bone, immunohistochemical staining was used to observe the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) in bone tissue, and Western blot was used to detect the relative expressions of VEGF, oncostatin M (OSM), and BMP-4 proteins in bone tissue. Results: Osteogenic and adipogenic induction identified the isolated and cultured cells as BMSCs. In vitro staining showed that ALP activity and Alizarin red concentration in group D were significantly higher than those in other groups ( P<0.05). MTT assay showed that the absorbency ( A) value of the two groups increased gradually, and there was no significant difference between the groups at each time point ( P>0.05). In vivo experimental imaging examination showed that the bone mineral density and osteogenic continuity of group D were the best, and the proportion of new bone volume was superior to other groups ( P<0.05). HE staining showed that compared with other groups, bone trabeculae in group D were dense and arranged regularly, on which a large number of osteoblasts and osteoclasts were distributed, and a large number of new bone formation could be seen. Immunohistochemical staining showed the strong positive expressions of BMP-2 and VEGF in group D ( P<0.05); Western blot detection showed that the relative expressions of VEGF, OSM, and BMP-4 proteins in group D were significantly higher than those in other groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion: The BMSCs in Pluronic F-127 composite gel loaded with TGF-ß 3 and BMSCs can be induced to differentiate into osteoblasts, and the composite gel has no toxic effect on cells, and has obvious osteogenesis and angiogenesis in the maxillary sinus of rabbits.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Seio Maxilar , Poloxâmero , Coelhos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
4.
Int J Pharm ; 609: 121182, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648879

RESUMO

As an effective anti-HIV drug, cabotegravir (CAB) is currently administered via oral and injection routes, leading to several drawbacks, such as poor oral bioavailability and problems in the injection application process, as well as low drug concentration in vaginal tissue of woman patients. To overcome these issues, for the first time, we formulated CAB into three types of vaginal gels, considering the benefits of vaginal tissue as a delivery route. Thermosensitive gel, mucoadhesive gel, and the combination of these gels were developed as suitable carriers for CAB. Pluronics®, hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC), Carbomer and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) 400 were used as thermosensitive, mucoadhesive and permeation enhancer agents, respectively. The gels were evaluated for their thermosensitive and mucoadhesive properties, as well as their pH values, viscosities, gel erosions, drug content recovery, in vitro drug release, ex vivo permeation, ex vivo retention, hemolytic activities, Lactobacillus inhibition activities and in vivo irritation properties. The results showed that all formulations showed desired characteristics for vaginal administration. Importantly, all formulations did not show hemolytic activities and inhibitions to Lactobacillus as normal bacteria in the vagina. Furthermore, no irritation in the vaginal tissues of the rats was observed by histopathological studies. Considering the thermosensitive and mucoadhesive properties, the combination of Pluronic® F127, Pluronic F68, and HPMC in thermosensitive-mucoadhesive vaginal gels was selected as the optimum dosage form for CAB as this formulation was able to provide ease administration due to its liquid form at room temperature. The use of PEG in this formulation was able to increase the penetrability of CAB through vaginal tissue with 0.61 ± 0.05 mg and 17.28 ± 0.95 mg of CAB being able to penetrate and localize in the vagina, respectively. Essentially, the optimum formulation was retained in the vaginal mucosa for>8 h. To conclude, further extensive in vivo studies should now be conducted to evaluate the efficacy of this approach.


Assuntos
Poloxâmero , Vagina , Administração Intravaginal , Animais , Feminino , Géis , Humanos , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Piridonas , Ratos , Temperatura
5.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641315

RESUMO

Essential oils (EOs) have been used in cosmetics and food due to their antimicrobial and antiviral effects. However, the applications of EOs are compromised because of their poor aqueous solubility and high volatility. Qiai (Artemisia argyi Levl. et Van. var. argyi cv. Qiai) is a traditional Chinese herb and possesses strong antibacterial activity. Herein, we report an innovative formulation of EO as nanohydrogels, which were prepared through co-assembly of Qiai EO (QEO) and Pluronic F108 (PEG-b-PPG-b-PEG, or PF108) in aqueous solution. QEO was efficiently loaded in the PF108 micelles and formed nanohydrogels by heating the QEO/PF108 mixture solution to 37 °C, by the innate thermo-responsive property of PF108. The encapsulation efficiency and loading capacity of QEO reached 80.2% and 6.8%, respectively. QEO nanohydrogels were more stable than the free QEO with respect to volatilization. Sustained QEO release was achieved at body temperature using the QEO nanohydrogels, with the cumulative release rate reaching 95% in 35 h. In vitro antibacterial test indicated that the QEO nanohydrogels showed stronger antimicrobial activity against S. aureus and E. coli than the free QEO due to the enhanced stability and sustained-release characteristics. It has been attested that thermo-responsive QEO nanohydrogels have good potential as antibacterial cosmetics.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/síntese química , Artemisia/química , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Óleos Voláteis/síntese química , Staphylococcus aureus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Composição de Medicamentos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Micelas , Viabilidade Microbiana/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais/química , Poloxâmero/química , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Termodinâmica
6.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 6807-6824, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675509

RESUMO

Purpose: TEMPO-oxidized nanofibrillated cellulose (TONFC) originating from an agricultural waste (sugar cane) was utilized to prepare injectable in-situ forming hydrogel scaffolds (IHS) for regenerative medicine. Methods: TONFC was prepared and characterized for its morphology and chemical structure using TEM and FT-IR, respectively. The cold method was applied to prepare hydrogels. Various concentrations of poloxamer 407 were added to the prepared TONFC (0.5%w/w). Different sources of calcium, Fujicalin® (DCP) or hydroxyapatite (TCP), were used to formulate the aimed calcium-enriched raloxifene hydrochloride-loaded IHS. Gelation temperature, drug content, injectability and in-vitro drug release were evaluated along with the morphological characters. Cytocompatibility studies and tissue regeneration properties were assessed on Saos-2 cells. Results: TEM photograph of TONFC showed fibrous nanostructure. The selected formulation "Ca-IHS4" composed of TONFC+15% P407+10% TCP showed the most prolonged release pattern for 12 days with the least burst effect (about 25% within 24 h). SEM micro-photographs of the in-situ formed scaffolds showed a highly porous 3D structure. Cytocompatibility studies of formulation "Ca-IHS4" revealed the biocompatibility as well as improved cell adhesion, alkaline phosphatase enzyme activity and calcium ion deposition. Conclusion: The outcomes suggest that Ca-IHS4 presents a simple, safe-line and non-invasive strategy for bone regeneration.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Cloridrato de Raloxifeno , Cálcio , Celulose , Poloxâmero , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
7.
Langmuir ; 37(40): 11676-11687, 2021 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601878

RESUMO

Self-assembled wormlike micelles (WLMs) are widely studied in small-molecule surfactants due to their unique ability to break and recombine; however, less is known about the structure and dynamics of nonionic polymer WLMs. Here, solutions of seven triblock poloxamers, composed of poly(propylene oxide) (PPO) midblocks and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) end blocks, are comprehensively examined to determine the role of poloxamer composition, temperature, and inorganic salt type and concentration on rod formation and subsequent elongation into WLMs. Phase separation and sphere-to-rod transition temperatures were quantified via cloud point measurements and shear rheology, respectively, and corroborated with small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The local microstructure of resulting rodlike micelles is remarkably similar across poloxamer type and sodium fluoride (NaF) or sodium chloride (NaCl) content. Salt addition reduces transition temperatures, with the most pronounced effects for poloxamers with high PEO molecular weights and PEO fractions. Between these two temperatures, several poloxamers elongate into WLMs, where shear rheology detects increases in viscosity up to 6 orders of magnitude. Despite similar local microstructures, poloxamer identity and salt content impact micelle growth substantially, where large poloxamers with lower PEO fractions exhibit the highest viscosities and longest relaxation times. While sodium fluoride has little impact on micelle growth, increasing NaCl concentration dramatically increases the WLM viscosity and relaxation time. This result is explained by different interactions of each salt with the micelle: whereas NaF interacts primarily with PEO chains, NaCl may also partition to the PPO/PEO interface in low levels, increasing micelle surface tension, scission energy, and contour length.


Assuntos
Micelas , Poloxâmero , Polietilenoglicóis , Polímeros , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo
8.
Int J Pharm ; 609: 121145, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600056

RESUMO

The aim of the study is to investigate the thermal behavior of poloxamer 188 (P188) in binary (P188-water) and ternary (P188-trehalose-water) solutions during freezing and thawing. The thermal behavior of P188 in frozen (binary and ternary) systems was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and low-temperature X-ray powder diffractometry (XPRD) as a complementary technique. The influence of processing conditions (cooling rate, annealing) and a noncrystallizing co-solute (addition of trehalose) on the behavior of P188 was evaluated during freezing as well as thawing. In rapidly cooled (10 °C/min) aqueous binary solutions, P188 (10% w/v) was retained in the amorphous state. At slower cooling rates (0.5-5 °C/min), the extent of crystallization depended on the cooling rate. In ternary P188-trehalose-water systems (P188 4% w/v, trehalose 0-10% w/v), a concentration dependent inhibition of P188 crystallization was observed with increasing trehalose concentration. However, irrespective of trehalose concentration, annealing resulted in P188 crystallization. The presence of trehalose as well as the processing conditions (cooling rate and annealing) influenced the physical state of P188 at different stages of freezing and thawing. As the cooling rate decreased, the extent of P188 crystallization progressively increased. In presence of trehalose (≥4.0% w/v) crystallization of P188 (4.0% w/v) was inhibited and this effect could be reversed by annealing. Depending on the intended application, the physical form of P188 could be modulated, by annealing even in presence of a noncrystallizing solute.


Assuntos
Poloxâmero , Água , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Cristalização , Liofilização , Congelamento , Soluções , Trealose
9.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 130: 112440, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702525

RESUMO

Erythrosine is a dye approved for medical use that has shown promising photodynamic activity, allowing for the inactivation of microorganisms and activity against malignant cells. Despite the great photodynamic potential, erythrosine exhibits hydrophilicity, negatively impacting its action in biological membranes. Therefore, the incorporation of erythrosine in micellar polymeric systems, such as poloxamers, may overcome this limitation. Moreover, using bioadhesive and thermoresponsive polymers to combine in situ gelation and bioadhesion may enhance retention of this topically applied drug. In this work, mucoadhesive and thermoresponsive micellar systems were prepared containing erythrosine in two states: the native form (ERI) and the disodium salt (ERIs). The systems were evaluated based on the effect of ERI/ERIs on the micellar structure of the binary polymer mixtures. Optimised combinations of poloxamer 407 (polox407) and mucoadhesive sodium carboxymethylcellulose (NaCMC) or hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) were used as micellar systems for ERI or ERIs delivery. The systems were studied with respect to theoretical interactions, qualitative composition, morphology, and micellar properties. In silico modelling indicated a higher interaction of the drug with poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) than poly(propylene oxide) (PPO) fragments of polox407. Systems containing NaCMC displayed a repulsive effect in the presence of erythrosine, due to the polymer's charge density. Both systems could convert the photosensitizer in its monomeric form, ensuring photodynamic activity. In these mixtures, crystallinity, critical micellar temperature and enthalpy of polox407 micellisation were reduced, and micellar size, evaluated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), showed low impact of ERI/ERIs in HPMC preparations. Aiming toward photodynamic applications, the findings showed how ERI or ERIs can affect the micellar formation of gels composed of 17.5% (w/w) polox407 and 3% (w/w) HPMC or 1% (w/w) NaCMC, important for understating their behaviour and future utilisation as erythrosine delivery systems.


Assuntos
Eritrosina , Poloxâmero , Celulose , Simulação por Computador , Derivados da Hipromelose
10.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 130: 112450, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702529

RESUMO

Chitosan/poloxamer-based thermosensitive hydrogels containing zinc gluconate/recombinant human epidermal growth factor (ZnG/rhEGF@Chit/Polo) were developed as a convenient, safe and effective dressing for skin wound treatment. Their fabrication procedure and characterization were reported, and their morphology was examined by a scanning electron microscope. Antibacterial and biofilms activities were evaluated by in vitro tests to reveal the inhibitory effects and scavenging activity on the biofilms of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. ZnG/rhEGF@Chit/Polo was also investigated as a potential therapeutic agent for wound healing therapy. In vivo wound healing studies on rats for 21 days proves that ZnG/rhEGF@Chit/Polo supplements the requisite Zn2+ and rhEGF for wound healing to promote the vascular remodeling and collagen deposition, facilitate fibrogenesis, and reduce the level of interleukin 6 for wound basement repair, and thus is a good wound therapy.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Quitosana/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico , Gluconatos , Humanos , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Poloxâmero , Ratos , Cicatrização
11.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112345, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474895

RESUMO

Sulforaphane (SFN) is an isothiocyanate with anti-arthritic and immuno-regulatory activities, supported by the downregulation of NF-κB pathway, reduction on metalloproteinases expression and prevention of cytokine-induced cartilage degeneration implicated in OA progression. SFN promising pharmacological effects associated to its possible use, by intra-articular route and directly in contact to the site of action, highlight SFN as promising candidate for the development of drug-delivery systems. The association of poloxamers (PL) and hyaluronic acid (HA) supports the development of osteotrophic and chondroprotective pharmaceutical formulations. This study aims to develop PL-HA hybrid hydrogels as delivery systems for SFN intra-articular release and evaluate their biocompatibility and efficacy for osteoarthritis treatment. All formulations showed viscoelastic behavior and cubic phase organization. SFN incorporation and drug loading showed a concentration-dependent behavior following HA addition. Drug release profiles were influenced by both diffusion and relaxation of polymeric chains mechanisms. The PL407-PL338-HA-SFN hydrogel did not evoke pronounced cytotoxic effects on either osteoblast or chondrosarcoma cell lines. In vitro/ex vivo pharmacological evaluation interfered with an elevated activation of NF-κB and COX-2, increased the type II collagen expression, and inhibited proteoglycan depletion. These results highlight the biocompatibility and the pharmacological efficacy of PL-HA hybrid hydrogels as delivery systems for SFN intra-articular release for OA treatment.


Assuntos
Ácido Hialurônico , Osteoartrite , Cartilagem , Humanos , Hidrogéis , Isotiocianatos/farmacologia , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Poloxâmero , Sulfóxidos
12.
J Phys Chem B ; 125(37): 10578-10588, 2021 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495673

RESUMO

Lipophile induced modulations of self-assembly characteristics in aqueous Pluronic systems merit attention because of wide-ranging uses of Pluronics as solubilizing agents of lipophilic substances. In this paper, we report unusual evolutions of structural and hydration properties in lavender essential oil (LO) solubilized Pluronic P85 aqueous micellar systems as a function of micellar volume fraction and temperature. Our DLS, SANS, and viscometry studies show that the spherical-to-wormlike micellar structural transition observed in 1% P85 solutions upon solubilization of LO quite unexpectedly gets suppressed with increased P85 concentration to ≥5%. Detailed SANS studies reveal that the core sizes of the oil solubilized micelles cannot attain the threshold value required for the onset of structural transition at higher copolymer concentrations due to their progressive shrinking with an increase in P85 concentration. Oil solubilized P85 solutions show two cloud points and very interestingly exhibit micellar growth upon cooling to their lower cloud points. Steady state fluorescence studies explain this based on increasing dehydration of micellar corona with a decrease in temperature, very much opposite to what is observed in pure aqueous Pluronic systems. The results give new insight into viscous flow properties and low temperature storage possibilities of oil solubilized aqueous Pluronic systems.


Assuntos
Micelas , Poloxâmero , Temperatura , Viscosidade , Água
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502328

RESUMO

Thymoquinone has anti-cancer properties. However, its application for clinical use is limited due to its volatile characteristics. The current study aims to develop a polymeric nanoformulation with PLGA-PEG and Pluronics F68 as encapsulants to conserve thymoquinone's (TQ) biological activity before reaching the target sites. Synthesis of nanoparticles was successfully completed by encapsulating TQ with polymeric poly (D, L-lactide-co-glycolide)-block-poly (ethylene glycol) and Pluronics F68 (TQ-PLGA-PF68) using an emulsion-solvent evaporation technique. The size and encapsulation efficiency of TQ-PLGA-PF68 nanoparticles were 76.92 ± 27.38 nm and 94%, respectively. TQ released from these encapsulants showed a biphasic released pattern. Cytotoxicity activity showed that tamoxifen-resistant (TamR) MCF-7 breast cancer cells required a higher concentration of TQ-PLGA-PF68 nanoparticles than the parental MCF-7 cells to achieve IC50 (p < 0.05). The other two resistant subtypes (TamR UACC732 inflammatory breast carcinoma and paclitaxel-resistant (PacR) MDA-MB 231 triple-negative breast cell line) required a lower concentration of TQ-PLGA-PF68 nanoparticles compared to their respective parental cell lines (p < 0.05). These findings suggest that TQ encapsulation with PLGA-PEG and Pluronics F68 is a promising anti-cancer agent in mitigating breast cancer resistance to chemotherapeutics. In future studies, the anti-cancer activity of TQ-PLGA-PF68 with the standard chemotherapeutic drugs used for breast cancer treatment is recommended.


Assuntos
Benzoquinonas/química , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Poloxâmero/química , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Composição de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanopartículas/química , Paclitaxel/farmacologia
17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6644630, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527740

RESUMO

The object of this study was to prepare binary and ternary solid dispersions of atorvastatin (ATR) by the melting method using PEGs and poloxamer 188 (P188) as the carriers, singly and in combination with each other. Dissolution behavior, solubility studies, X-ray diffractometry, differential scanning calorimetry, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were studied. Furthermore, antihyperlipidemic activities of formulations were compared to each other by serum lipid analyses in hyperlipidemic rats. Based on the results, the highest dissolution efficiency (DE30 = 83%) was obtained by binary systems consisted of ATR and P188. Also, no additional improvement was observed in dissolution properties of ternary solid dispersion formulations. Solubility studies showed enhancement of ATR phase solubility in water and a buffer solution containing P188 or PEG 10000. Furthermore, saturated solubility of ATR in the buffer solution improved more than twofold in the optimized ternary dispersion system. No crystalline changes occurred in PEG-based formulations; meanwhile, partial amorphization happened in the ATR-P188 combination. Finally, the in vivo study in hyperlipidemic rats exhibited a rapid decrease in the lipid profile of all formulations compared to ATR (after 7 days). Moreover, reduction of serum triglycerides and total cholesterol on the 14th day in the ATR group (p value < 0.01) was less than solid dispersion or physical mixing preparations (p value < 0.001). These findings proved the appropriate influence of using PEG and P188 in solid dispersion systems for the improvement of the therapeutic efficiency of ATR.


Assuntos
Atorvastatina/administração & dosagem , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos/fisiologia , Animais , Atorvastatina/farmacologia , Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Masculino , Poloxâmero/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polímeros/química , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Solubilidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Difração de Raios X/métodos
18.
Int J Pharm ; 607: 120973, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391853

RESUMO

For a long time, the incidence and mortality of lung cancer have ranked first among all kinds of cancers, of which the major type is non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Until now, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are still the first choice for patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC. However, the emergence of multi-drug resistance (MDR) always leads to the failure of chemotherapy and increases cancer-related mortality. In this study, we prepared a Pluronic-hybridized paclitaxel-loaded liposome (PPL), which was used in combination with ambroxol (Ax) to not only resensitize drug-resistant tumor cells, but also increase the preparation retention in the lung. On the one hand, Ax induced the production of pulmonary surfactants (PS) and responsively improved the accumulation of pulmonary surfactants affinity liposomes whose skeleton was exogenous pulmonary surfactant phospholipids DPPC, because of the specific affinity of phospholipids related to pulmonary surfactant proteins. On the other hand, drug-resistant tumor cells were resensitized due to the inhibition of autophagy by Ax and the reduced expression of the drug-resistant protein P-glycoprotein (P-gp) by Pluronic P105. Therefore, we concluded that the combination of PPL and Ax achieved excellent killing tumor effects through multi-path and multi-strategy, having great application prospects in the future.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Surfactantes Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Lipossomos/farmacologia , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Poloxâmero/farmacologia
19.
Int J Pharm ; 607: 121050, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454028

RESUMO

Unfavorable side effects of available antipsychotics limit the use of conventional delivery systems, where limited exposure of the drugs to the systemic circulation could reduce the associated risks. The potential of intranasal delivery is gaining interest to treat brain disorders by delivering the drugs directly to the brain circumventing the tight junctions of the blood-brain barrier with limited systemic exposure of the entrapped therapeutic. Therefore, the present research was aimed to fabricate, optimize and investigate the therapeutic efficacy of amisulpride (AMS)-loaded intranasal in situ nanoemulgel (AMS-NG) in the treatment of schizophrenia. In this context, AMS nanoemulsion (AMS-NE) was prepared by employing aqueous-titration method and optimized using Box-Behnken statistical design. The optimized nanoemulsion was subjected to evaluation of globule size, transmittance, zeta potential, and mucoadhesive strength, which were found to be 92.15 nm, 99.57%, -18.22 mV, and 8.90 g, respectively. The AMS-NE was converted to AMS-NG using poloxamer 407 and gellan gum. Following pharmacokinetic evaluation in Wistar rats, the brain Cmax for intranasal AMS-NG was found to be 1.48-folds and 3.39-folds higher when compared to intranasal AMS-NE and intravenous AMS-NE, respectively. Moreover, behavioral investigations of developed formulations were devoid of any extrapyramidal side effects in the experimental model. Finally, outcomes of the in vivo hematological study confirmed that intranasal administration of formulation for 28 days did not alter leukocytes and agranulocytes count. In conclusion, the promising results of the developed and optimized intranasal AMS-NG could provide a novel platform for the effective and safe delivery of AMS in schizophrenic patients.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Poloxâmero , Administração Intranasal , Amissulprida , Animais , Encéfalo , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Lipídeos , Mucosa Nasal , Tamanho da Partícula , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
20.
Int J Artif Organs ; 44(10): 734-747, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387533

RESUMO

Hemostasis has critical significance during surgical procedures. Bone Wax has traditionally been commonly used for bone hemostasis despite well-documented undesirable side effects: hindering osteogenesis and induction of inflammatory reactions with consequent increase in infection rates. A later developed formulation, Ostene, offers an alternative to Bone Wax with lesser undesired effects. In this study, BoneStat, a newly developed bone hemostatic formulation comprising water-soluble alkylene oxide co-polymers, was evaluated for water solubility, hemostatic efficacy, ease of handling, bone healing efficacy, and inflammatory reactions compared with Bone Wax and Ostene in a rat calvarial defect model. More than 95% of BoneStat was dissolved in water within 48 h, as was Ostene, but not Bone Wax. The time to hemostasis using BoneStat was significantly faster than with Ostene or Bone Wax. BoneStat also improved ease of handling compared to Ostene or BoneWax. BoneStat- and Ostene-treated groups constantly showed better bone healing than with Bone Wax. The BoneStat and Ostene groups presented no evidence of chronic inflammation reaction contrary to Bone Wax. These results suggest improved hemostasis, ease of handling, non-hindering bone healing, and unnoticeable chronic inflammatory reactions with BoneStat. Thus, Bonestat is a useful and reliable formulation for mechanical hemostasis.


Assuntos
Hemostáticos , Animais , Hemostasia , Palmitatos , Poloxâmero , Ratos , Ceras
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