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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4833-4840, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581095

RESUMO

A detection method of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) was established to detect concentrations of isoorientin, orientin, quercetin, vitexin and kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside in H9 c2 cells and applied to the pharmacokinetic study of Polygonum orientale extract in the cells. H9 c2 cells were treated with 100 µg·mL~(-1) P. orientale extract and then they and the corresponding nuclei, mitochondria and Golgi bodies were collected at the set time. After protein precipitation, UPLC-MS/MS was used to determine concentrations of isoorientin, orientin, quercetin, vitexin and kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside in the whole cells and subcellular structures. Also, related pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. The results showed that the peak time was 8 h for all these components. Orientin, vitexin, quercetin and isoorientin have high affinities to nuclei and mitochondria, while the affinity of kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside is higher with mitochondria compared to nuclei. It is suggested that these chemical components of P. orientale may mainly act on nuclei or mitochondria to exert pharmacological effects of protecting cardiomyocytes.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Polygonum , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
2.
Phytomedicine ; 91: 153685, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polygoni Orientalis Fructus (POF) refers to the dried ripe fruit of Polygonum orientale L. which has a long historical application in clinic for treatment of various conditions in China. However, its chemical constituents, pharmacological effects and their coupled correlation have not been intensively investigated. PURPOSE: In present work, we aimed to elucidate the medicinal material basis, optimum indication and corresponding therapeutic mechanism of POF. METHODS: The main phytochemical ingredients in POF were characterized by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis. The optimum medicinal potential and corresponding molecular mechanism of POF were deduced based on integrated statistic pattern recognition and network pharmacology. The deduced pharmacologic efficacy and mechanism of POF were further validated through in vitro study in free-fatty acid (FFA)-induced LO2 cells. RESULTS: Total 30 main phytochemical ingredients were identified in POF in which 18 ingredients were screened to yield 277 potential targets. Based on analyzing the quantitative data matrix of drug-disease targets by statistic pattern recognition, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was screened as the optimum indication of POF from 23 candidate diseases. Promising action targets (PPARG, IL6, TNF, IL1B, IKBKB, RELA, etc.) and signaling pathways (AMPK signaling pathway, NF-κB signaling pathway, etc.) were screened and refined to elucidate the therapeutic mechanism of POF against NAFLD based on network pharmacology. In vitro study demonstrated that POF effectively alleviated FFA-induced steatosis, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and inflammation, and these beneficial effects were attributed to the activation of AMPK signaling pathway and suppression of NF-κB signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: POF could be exploited as a promising phytotherapy in the treatment of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Polygonum/química , Adenilato Quinase , Linhagem Celular , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , NF-kappa B , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais
3.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 205: 114328, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418675

RESUMO

The efficacy of raw and processed products of Polygonum multiflorum (PM) varies greatly. "Nine cycles of steaming and sunning" (NCSS) is recognized as an effective technology in enhancing efficacy and reducing toxicity for PM. In this paper, PM was prepared differently into three groups (including group R, M, and "9"), which represent raw PM, PM processed using the method of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (ChP) and PM processed using traditional NCSS, respectively. The purpose is to establish an effective method to distinguish raw PM from different processed products and highlight the rationality of processing technology. The main organic compounds that could distinguish these three groups of samples were identified by in-depth mining of mass spectral information and various chemometric methods. Level of related metal cations have been quantified and used as another important distinguishing markers. The electronic tongue was utilized to determine the taste traits of aqueous extract from PM. Furthermore, the material basis that caused the difference in taste was discovered according to correlation analysis. In detail, saltiness has the most important contribution associated with the concentrations of K+ and Na+, however, bitterness and astringency were mainly associated with the contents of epicatechin gallate, catechin, procyanidin B1, procyanidin B2 and epicatechin. This study proposed a novel and effective strategy for identification of processing technology of PM. It lays the foundation for clarifying the modern scientific recommendations of processing technology to PM. On the other hand, it also provides a reference for related researches on other traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).


Assuntos
Fallopia multiflora , Polygonum , Cromatografia Líquida , Nariz Eletrônico , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Paladar
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281284

RESUMO

Progressive diabetic nephropathy (DN) in diabetes leads to major morbidity and mortality. The major pathological alterations of DN include mesangial expansion, extracellular matrix alterations, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and glomerular sclerosis. Polygoni avicularis is widely used in traditional oriental medicine and has long been used as a diuretic, astringent, insecticide and antihypertensive. However, to the best of the authors' knowledge, the effects of the ethanolic extract from rhizome of Polygoni avicularis (ER-PA) on DN have not yet been assessed. The present study aimed to identify the effect of ER-PA on renal dysfunction, which has been implicated in DN in human renal mesangial cells and db/db mice and investigate its mechanism of action. The in vivo experiment was performed using Polygoni avicularis-ethanol soluble fraction (ER-PA) and was administrated to db/db mice at 10 and 50 mg/kg dose. For the in vitro experiments, the human renal mesangial cells were induced by high glucose (HG, 25 mM). The ER-PA group showed significant amelioration in oral glucose tolerance, and insulin resistance index. ER-PA significantly improved the albumin excretion and markedly reduced plasma creatinine, kidney injury molecule-1 and C-reactive protein. In addition, ER-PA significantly suppressed inflammatory cytokines. Histopathologically, ER-PA attenuated glomerular expansion and tubular fibrosis in db/db mice. Furthermore, ER-PA suppressed the expression of renal fibrosis biomarkers (TGF and Collagen IV). ER-PA also reduced the NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 inflammatory factor level. These results suggest that ER-PA has a protective effect against renal dysfunction through improved insulin resistance as well as the inhibition of nephritis and fibrosis in DN.


Assuntos
Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fitoterapia , Polygonum/química , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Fibrose , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Resistência à Insulina , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Células Mesangiais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Mesangiais/metabolismo , Células Mesangiais/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rizoma/química
5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(6): 2070-2078, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212613

RESUMO

We investigated leaf tissue structure, leaf epidermis characteristics and chloroplast ultrastructure of Polygonum viviparum at different altitudes (2300, 3200 and 3900 m) on the Qilian Mountain, using paraffin section, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy methods. The results showed that plant leaves were typical bifacial. With increasing altitude, the number of leaf epidermal hair reduced but the diameter of hair increased, with more compact of the cuticular wax layer on leaf lower epidermis. Leaf thickness reached a maximum at 3200 m and was increased by 39.6% and 50.5%, respectively, compared with that from 2300 m and 3900 m. From 2300 m to 3200 m, the cell layers of palisade tissue increased from two to three, while intercellular space decreased. The cell layer of spongy tissue did not change, whereas intercellular space increased with increasing altitude. At 3900 m, the number of cell layer of palisade tissue reduced to two, epidermal cell volume and the intercellular space of palisade tissue increased while the intercellular space of spongy tissue decreased. The thickness of epidermal cell increased. There was no significant difference among three altitudes in the number of cell layers. The accumulation of surface appurtenances and the substomatal appendages, and stomata density of lower epidermis increased with altitude. Meanwhile, the position of stomata changed from arched epidermis to invagination. From 2300 m to 3200 m, the grana lamella increased from 6-9 to 8-12 and then reduced to 2-3 at 3900 m. The number of grana decreased, the lamellae became dense, the arrangement direction of grana was irregular at 3900 m. The chloroplasts swelling and the envelope partially degradation could be observed. The correlations among the anatomical characteristics of leaves indicated an apparent co-evolution between parts of anatomical indices in the leaves. In particular, indices such as spongy tissue thickness exhibited high plasticity across altitudes. Our results suggested that diffe-rences in anatomical structure and ultrastructure characteristics of P. viviparum along altitude were adaptation strategies for the complicated alpine heterogeneous habitats.


Assuntos
Polygonum , Adaptação Fisiológica , Altitude , Ecossistema , Folhas de Planta
6.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 54(8): e10841, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037095

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to investigate the underlying mechanisms and effective components of Polygonum hydropiper in ethanol-induced acute gastric mucosal lesions. The ethanol extract was purified on an AB-8 macroporous resin column and eluted with 60% ethanol and was then injected into the HPLC system for quantitative analysis. Sprague-Dawley rats were orally pretreated with P. hydropiper extract (PHLE; 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg) for 5 days and then absolute ethanol was administered to induce gastric mucosal damage. One hour after ethanol ingestion, the rats were euthanized and stomach samples were collected for biochemical analysis. Antioxidant enzymes and anti-inflammatory cytokines were quantified. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of proteins. Cell proliferation was assayed by CCK-8 assays. The proportion of total flavonoids in the final extract of P. hydropiper was 50.05%, which contained three major bioactive flavonoid constituents, including rutin, quercitrin, and quercetin. PHLE significantly increased cell viability and effectively protected human gastric epithelial cells-1 against alcohol-induced damage in vitro. PHLE pretreatment attenuated gastric mucosal injuries in a dose-dependent manner in rats, and increased the activity of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione, and decreased the levels of malondialdehyde in gastric tissue. Pretreatment with PHLE also reduced the generation of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1ß in gastric tissue by downregulating the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B. PHLE exerted protective effects against gastric injury through antioxidant and anti-inflammatory pathways. Flavonoids might be the main effective components of P. hydropiper against gastric mucosal injury.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Polygonum , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Etanol/toxicidade , Mucosa Gástrica , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
7.
Chemosphere ; 278: 130318, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823351

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N) application is efficient to enhance phosphorus (P)-phytoextraction efficiency of P-accumulating plants. However, there is little available information on growth, P uptake and physiological changes of P-accumulating plants in high P media with different N application, and that whether the improved growth or P uptake is related with changes of phytohormones and phenols. This study investigated growth, P-accumulating capability, phytohormones and phenols of a mining ecotype (ME) and a non-mining ecotype (NME) of Polygonum hydropiper in high P media (400 mg L-1) with sufficient N (SN, 50 mg L-1) and low N (LN, 12.5 mg L-1) supply. SN supply greatly increased tissue biomass, P-accumulating capability of P. hydropiper in high P media, and the ME showed higher P bioaccumulation coefficient, and tissue P accumulation than the NME. The greatest tissue biomass and P accumulation was found at 5 weeks. At 5 weeks, SN supply greatly decreased concentrations of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), zeatin, abscisic acid (ABA), total phenolic and flavonoid in tissues of P. hydropiper, compared with LN supply. The ME produced lower concentrations of IAA, zeatin, ABA, total phenolic and flavonoid than the NME in leaf and stem in high P media with N supply. Significantly negative correlations were found between IAA, zeatin, ABA, flavonoid concentrations and biomass as well as P accumulation in leaf. Thus, SN supply promoted high P tolerance and P-accumulating capability of the ME in relation to modulating phytohormones and phenols to suitable concentrations, ultimately improving P-phytoextraction ability.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Polygonum , Nitrogênio , Fenóis , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Raízes de Plantas
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(3): 614-619, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645027

RESUMO

To standardize the processing technology of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata and stabilize its quality, the similar change laws of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata with different processing methods and time were analyzed. The processing time of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata was studied at 24, 32, 40, 48 h, and 4 different processing methods were studied, namely stewed with black bean sauce, steamed, steamed with black bean sauce, and steamed with black bean sauce and rice wine. The content of stilbene glycosides and anthraquinones were determined by HPLC-DAD method. UV method was used to determine the content of polysaccharides, and HPLC-ELSD method was used to determine the monosaccharides and oligosaccharides. The comparative chart of content determination, cluster analysis and entropy weight TOPSIS model was used to find the similar change laws and time interval of different processing methods of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata. The results demonstrated that around 32 h, the content of nine components in Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata with different processing methods had similar change laws, and the decoction pieces had a high quality, indicating that the four processing methods of Polygoni Multiflori Radix Praeparata are likely to be used as one type of decoction piece with the same name.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Polygonum , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Glicosídeos , Raízes de Plantas
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(1): 196-205, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645071

RESUMO

The present study is to investigate the absorption characteristics of the main components in Polygonum orientale extract in normal and isoproterenol-induced myocardial ischemia model rats with everted intestinal sac models. Intestinal sac fluid samples were collected in different part of intestine(duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon) at different time after administration of different concentration of P. orientale extract(5.0,10.0, 20.0 mg·mL~(-1)). An UPLC-TQD method was employed for the determination of six components including orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, protocatechuic acid, kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside and quercitrin in the intestinal sac samples. The absorption rate and cumulative absorption were calculated to analyze the intestinal absorption characteristics of six components in normal and myocardial ischemia model rats. The P-glycoprotein(P-gp) inhibitor was applied to investigate influence of intestinal absorption of six components in P. orientale extract. The results showed that the main absorption sites were concentrated on the duodenum at low concentration, while they were the colon at the medium concentration and the ileum at high concentration in control groups. In the condition of myocardial ischemia model, the main absorption sites focus on the ileum and jejunum at low concentration; the main absorption sites were in the ileum at the medium concentration and main absorption sites were the duodenum and ileum at high concentration. Compared with the normal group, the absorption rate and cumulative absorption of the six components significantly decreased in the model group. P-gp inhibitor markedly increased the absorption rate and cumulative absorption of six components in the model group, inferring that the 6 components may be the substrates of P-gp, and the mechanism needs further study. In this study, it is revealed that the six components of P. orientale extract can be absorbed into the intestinal sac, and it is an effective method to assess the intestinal absorption characteristics of P. orientale extract through everted intestinal sac model, providing data support for the clinical application and further development of P. orientale.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , Polygonum , Animais , Absorção Intestinal , Intestinos , Isoproterenol , Isquemia Miocárdica/induzido quimicamente , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 944-950, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645101

RESUMO

Two new sucrose cinnamates(1 and 2) along with nine known compounds(3-11) were isolated from ethanol extract of Polygonum lapathifolium var. salicifolium by silica gel column chromatography, ODS column chromatography and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods including 1 D-and 2 D-NMR experiments, as well as HR-ESI-MS analysis. Eleven compounds(7 sucrose cinnamates, 3 phenylpropanoids and 1 lactone) were obtained and their structures were identified as(1,3-O-di-p-coumaroyl)-ß-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-α-D-glucopyranoside(1),(1,3-O-di-p-coumaroyl)-ß-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-(6-O-acetyl)-α-D-glucopyranoside(2),(3-O-feruloyl)-ß-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-(6-O-p-coumaroyl)-α-D-glucopyranoside(3), hydropiperoside(4), vanicoside C(5),(1,3-O-di-p-coumaroyl)-ß-D-fructofuranosyl-(2→1)-(6-O-feruloyl)-α-D-glucopyranoside(6), vanicoside B(7),trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid methyl ester(8), trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid ethyl ester(9), methyl ferulate(10) and dimethoxydimethylphthalide(11), respectively. Compounds 1 and 2 were two new sucrose cinnamates, and compounds 1-11 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The antioxidant activities of the isolated compounds 1-9 were investigated by an oxygen radical absorbance capacity(ORAC) assay, and all nine compounds were found to show strong antioxidant activities. Among them, compound 6(10 µmol·L~(-1)) was the supreme one in antioxidant activities, with its ORAC value equivalent to(1.60±0.05) times of 50 µmol·L~(-1) Trolox.


Assuntos
Polygonum , Antioxidantes , Cinamatos , Ésteres , Estrutura Molecular , Sacarose
11.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 213: 112036, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588187

RESUMO

A hydroponic method was performed to explore the effects of sulfate supply on the growth, manganese (Mn) accumulation efficiency and Mn stress alleviation mechanisms of Polygonum lapathifolium Linn. Three Mn concentrations (1, 8 and 16 mmol L-1, representing low (Mn1), medium (Mn8) and high (Mn16) concentrations, respectively) were used. Three sulfate (S) levels (0, 200, and 400 µmol L-1, abbreviated as S0, S200 and S400, respectively) were applied for each Mn concentration. (1) The average biomass (g plant-1) of P. lapathifolium was ordered as Mn8 (6.36) > Mn1 (5.25) > Mn16 (4.16). Under Mn16 treatment, S addition increased (P < 0.05) biomass by 29.96% (S200) and 53.07% (S400) compared to that S0. The changes in the net photosynthetic rate and mean daily increase in biomass were generally consistent with the changes in biomass. (2) Mn accumulation efficiency (g plant-1) was ordered as Mn8 (99.66) > Mn16 (58.33) > Mn1 (27.38); and S addition increased (p < 0.05) plant Mn accumulation and Mn transport, especially under Mn16 treatment. (3) In general, antioxidant enzyme activities (AEAs) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in plant leaves were ordered in Mn16 > Mn8 > Mn1. Sulfate addition decreased (P < 0.05) AEAs and MDA under Mn16 treatment, while the changes were minor under Mn1 and Mn8 treatments. (4) Amino acid concentrations generally increased with increasing Mn concentration and S level. In summary, the medium Mn treatment promoted plant growth and Mn bioaccumulation; sulfate, especially at 400 µmol L-1 S, can effectively promote plant growth and Mn accumulation efficiency. The most suitable bioremediation strategy was Mn16 with 400 µmol L-1 S.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Manganês/toxicidade , Polygonum/fisiologia , Sulfatos/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomassa , Hidroponia , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Manganês/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo , Polygonum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Sulfatos/análise
12.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 23(3): 228-234, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459060

RESUMO

One pair of new amides enantiomers (1a and 1b) and two known amides were isolated from the rhizomes of Polygonum cuspidatum. Their structures were established using UV, IR, HRESIMS, and NMR data. Notably, compound 1 possesses unique C-C connection between feruloyltyramine and resveratrol. Their absolute configurations were determined by the ECD method. All compounds were evaluated for their α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and compounds 2 and 3 showed significant inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 2.82 and 13.06 µmol/L, respectively (positive control acarbose, IC50 385 µmol/L).


Assuntos
Fallopia japonica , Polygonum , Amidas/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais , Rizoma
13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 135: 111177, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454585

RESUMO

Presently, optimal proportions and synergistic mechanisms of component-based Chinese medicines are critical for developing novel strategies to treat cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). A new multi-objective optimization algorithm based on uniform design (UD) and stepwise regression (SR) modeling is proposed to find the synergistic effect of orientin (Ori), quercitrin (Que) and vitexin (Vit), the three effective components from Polygonum orientale L., using the H9c2 cells injury induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). The optimal proportion of these three components was calculated by simulated annealing (SA). In this research, the excellent combination named OQV-e (Ori: Que: Vit =12.55 µM: 39.99 µM: 19.99 µM) could exert significant cardioprotection against the H9c2 cells injury induced by H/R through increasing cell viability, decreasing leakage rate of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and the level of nitric oxide (NO). Moreover, western blot analysis revealed that OQV-e could activate autophagy by inhibiting the p-JNK/JNK signaling pathway, which showed that the method (UD-SR-SA) was a feasible strategy. Mathematical system modeling may be a considerable approach for the powerful mathematical analysis of the complex pharmacological effects of component-based Chinese medicines from herbal medicines, which might greatly enhance the efficiency to find new modern Chinese drugs for CVDs based on Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) with affirmative therapeutic effect.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Descoberta de Drogas , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polygonum , Animais , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Polygonum/química , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais
14.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 35(2): e4975, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852060

RESUMO

A rapid and sensitive ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of 15 bioactive ingredients in rat plasma and tissues after oral administration of Polygonum chinense Linn extract (PCE). After addition of internal standards (ISs; rutin and danshensu), plasma and tissue samples were pre-treated by protein precipitation with acetonitrile-ethanol. The chromatographic separation was performed on an Agilent ZORBAX RRHD Eclipse Plus C18 column with gradient elution using a mobile phase composed of methanol and water (containing 0.2% acetic acid) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL min-1 . Mass spectrometric detection was carried out using a mass spectrometer in both positive and negative ion electrospray ionization modes by multiple reaction monitoring. The method provided excellent linearity, and the lower limit of quantification range 0.5-30 ng mL-1 for all analytes. The intra- and inter-day precision were less than 9.12% and the accuracy ranged from -4.02% to 6.32%, respectively. The mean extraction recovery and matrix effect of analytes and ISs ranged from 83.65% to 109.20%. The method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution study of 15 ingredients of PCE in rats.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Polygonum , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Administração Oral , Animais , Cumarínicos/análise , Cumarínicos/química , Cumarínicos/farmacocinética , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacocinética , Modelos Lineares , Fenóis/análise , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Distribuição Tecidual
15.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 534: 199-205, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303189

RESUMO

Polygonum tinctorium (P. tinctorium) is an indigo plant that is cultivated for a specific metabolite that it produces i.e., indoxyl ß-D-glucoside (indican). In this study, flavin-containing monooxygenase (PtFMO) from P. tinctorium was cloned. When recombinant PtFMO was expressed in E. coli in the presence of tryptophan, indigo production was observed. Furthermore, we measured the activity of PtFMO using the membrane fraction from E. coli and found that it could produce indigo using indole as a substrate. The co-expression of PtFMO with indoxyl ß-D-glucoside synthase (PtIGS), which catalyzes the glucosylation of indoxyl, brought about the formation of indican in E. coli. The results showed that indican was synthesized by sequential reactions of PtFMO and PtIGS. In three-week-old P. tinctorium specimens, the first leaves demonstrated higher levels of PtFMO expression than the subsequent leaves. This result coincided with that of our prior study on PtIGS expression level. Our study provides evidence that PtFMO might contribute to indican biosynthesis.


Assuntos
Corantes/metabolismo , Índigo Carmim/metabolismo , Indóis/metabolismo , Oxigenases/genética , Polygonum/enzimologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Indicã/biossíntese , Oxirredução , Oxigenases/química , Oxigenases/metabolismo , Polygonum/metabolismo
16.
Phytochem Anal ; 32(5): 767-779, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336449

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The roots of Polygonum multiflorum (PM) serve as a classical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which has multiple biological activities. However, many cases of hepatotoxicity in PM have been reported in recent years. Processing PM with black beans decoction is one of the typical processing methods to reduce the hepatotoxicity of PM since ancient times. OBJECTIVES: To find potential effective constituents, as well as the optimal variety and origin of black beans for the processing of PM. METHODS: Based on ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography Q-Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS) analysis, we measured the contents of the two potential toxic compounds (emodin-8-O-glucoside and torachrysone-O-hexose) in raw PM (R-PM), PM processed with big black beans (B-PM) and PM processed with small black beans (S-PM). The flow cytometry method analysed the effects of different processed products of PM on apoptosis of L02 cells in different drug concentration. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1 H-NMR) and UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS together with multivariate statistical analysis were used to systematically analyse the different components between small black beans (Small-BB) and big black beans (Big-BB) from 30 different habitats. RESULTS: The toxicity was ranked from small to large: S-PM < B-PM < R-PM. Processing PM with black beans could significantly decrease the apoptosis rate of L02 cells, especially when the drug concentration is 80 µg/mL. Besides, we find five differential compounds (α-arabinose, α-galactose, proline, isomer of daidzein and isomer of genistein) may be potential active ingredients. In terms of the black beans collected from 30 producing areas, we find that Small-BB from Weifang in Shandong province was optimum to processing PM, followed by Shangqiu in Henan province, Jilin and Liaoning province. CONCLUSION: The ingredients that affect the processing of PM may be attributed to α-arabinose, α-galactose, proline, isomer of daidzein and isomer of genistein in black beans. When the drug concentration is higher, the effect of reducing the hepatotoxicity of PM is better. Besides, Small-BB was more effective than Big-BB for reducing the toxicity of PM, especially Small-BB from Weifang in Shandong, Shangqiu in Henan province and northeast China.


Assuntos
Fallopia multiflora , Polygonum , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Ecossistema , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
17.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(1): 90-100, 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, MOSAICO - Saúde integrativa | ID: biblio-1145972

RESUMO

Cataia es una Myrtaceae de gran potencial aromático y medicinal. En la costa de Paraná hay registro de uso comercial creciente de sus hojas en la aromatización de aguardiente. Buscando comprender mejor la explotación de cataia desde una perspectiva histórica, así como elucidar el conocimiento ecológico de los moradores acerca del manejo, se presentan los resultados de una investigación etnobotánica realizada en Barra do Ararapira (PR/Brasil). La recolección de datos ha incluido entrevistas semiestructuradas y acompañamiento a campo de los extractivistas. Se ha revelado potencial de sostenibilidad, denotado por el apoyo institucional, en lo que se refiere a conferir legalidad a la actividad. La baja demanda actual se presenta como punto positivo, con la necesidad de monitoreo continuo de posibles daños, frente al posible aumento de la demanda. Sobre la cadena de valor, la inexistencia de intermediarios y la venta regular a comerciantes, caracterizan un componente de comercialización favorable.


Cataia is a Myrtaceae of great aromatic and medicinal potential. On the coast of Paraná there is a record of increasing commercial use of its leaves in the aromatization of brandy. In order to better understand the exploitation of cataia from a historical perspective, as well as elucidate the ecological knowledge of the inhabitants about the management, the results of an ethnobotanical investigation carried out in Barra do Ararapira are presented. Data collect has involved individual and group interviews and monitoring of all extractor's activities. It was elucidated a sustainability potential, denoted at first instance by institutional support to confer legality to the activity and for their implementation, and the community organizational capacity. As regards to the ecological question, the low demand now existent was considerate a positive aspect, but is highlight the importance of a continuous monitoring of possible damage. Regarding the value chain was evidenced the absence of intermediaries and the regular sale to traders of the region, featuring a favorable marketing component.


Assuntos
Etnobotânica , Polygonum/classificação , Plantas Medicinais , Brasil , Medicina Tradicional
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e10841, 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249329

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to investigate the underlying mechanisms and effective components of Polygonum hydropiper in ethanol-induced acute gastric mucosal lesions. The ethanol extract was purified on an AB-8 macroporous resin column and eluted with 60% ethanol and was then injected into the HPLC system for quantitative analysis. Sprague-Dawley rats were orally pretreated with P. hydropiper extract (PHLE; 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg) for 5 days and then absolute ethanol was administered to induce gastric mucosal damage. One hour after ethanol ingestion, the rats were euthanized and stomach samples were collected for biochemical analysis. Antioxidant enzymes and anti-inflammatory cytokines were quantified. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of proteins. Cell proliferation was assayed by CCK-8 assays. The proportion of total flavonoids in the final extract of P. hydropiper was 50.05%, which contained three major bioactive flavonoid constituents, including rutin, quercitrin, and quercetin. PHLE significantly increased cell viability and effectively protected human gastric epithelial cells-1 against alcohol-induced damage in vitro. PHLE pretreatment attenuated gastric mucosal injuries in a dose-dependent manner in rats, and increased the activity of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione, and decreased the levels of malondialdehyde in gastric tissue. Pretreatment with PHLE also reduced the generation of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β in gastric tissue by downregulating the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B. PHLE exerted protective effects against gastric injury through antioxidant and anti-inflammatory pathways. Flavonoids might be the main effective components of P. hydropiper against gastric mucosal injury.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Polygonum , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Etanol/toxicidade , Mucosa Gástrica , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
19.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 195: 113832, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349475

RESUMO

Polygonum capitatum is a traditional medicinal plant of the Miao people and has been used to treat a variety of urological disorders in China for many years. Preparations made from water-soluble P. capitatum extracts, Relinqing® granules, are often used in combination with levofloxacin to treat urinary tract infections, and have demonstrated better clinical efficacy than either drug alone. As there is no information on the pharmacokinetics of both drugs after co-administration, a sensitive and reliable ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated to study the potential herb-drug interactions between P. capitatum and levofloxacin. This analytical method delivered high levels of specificity, recovery, accuracy, precision and preserved sample stability. When applied to study pharmacokinetic interactions after oral co-administration of P. capitatum extract (1.86 g kg-1) and levofloxacin (42 mg kg-1) in rats, the results indicated significant reductions in Cmax and AUC0-24h of levofloxacin, and significant increases in MRT, Tmax, CLz/F and Vz/F. Moreover, pretreatment with P. capitatum extract orally did not alter the intravenous pharmacokinetics of levofloxacin. Combined and compared oral pharmacokinetic parameters, suggesting that the interacting targets might localized in the intestine during absorption. Overall, the results revealed a potential herb-drug interaction between P. capitatum and levofloxacin.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Polygonum , Administração Oral , Animais , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Levofloxacino , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8868508, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381593

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is considered to be one of the most serious malignant tumors in women. Natural compounds have been considered as important sources in the search for new anticancer agents. Polygonum chinense (PC) has been used as herbal medicine and Chinese cool tea. By activity-guided of the extracts from PC, PCwater shows good growth inhibition on SiHa cell, then by chromatographic analysis (HPLC and HPLC-MS/MS), we found twelve components, seven were phenolic compounds (PHE), two PHE named ellagic acid and corilagin were found to show strong growth inhibition effects in SiHa cell dose-dependently, while the seven phenolic compounds showed low inhibition on the common human HcerEpic cell. Further research found ellagic acid and corilagin induced G2 phase cell cycle arrest by upregulating levels of P53, Bcl-2, caspase 3, and caspase 9, while the Bax was reduced. These results suggested that PHE from PC might have potential anticancer effects against SiHa cells by acting through the apoptosis pathway, PHE from PC might have the potential to be used as a nutraceutical for the prevention and treatment of ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Polygonum/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular , Suplementos Nutricionais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ácido Elágico/farmacologia , Feminino , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , Taninos Hidrolisáveis/farmacologia , Fenol/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Água/química
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