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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204970


Drug use has been increasing worldwide over recent decades. Apart from the determinants of drug initiation established in numerous studies, the authors wish to draw attention to other equally important factors, which may contribute to augmenting this phenomenon. The article aims to draw attention to the content of mass culture, especially representations of drug use in mass media, which may influence the liberalization of attitudes towards drugs and their use. The role of mass culture and its impact on the audience is discussed. It presents an overview of drug representations in the content of mass culture, e.g., in film, music, literature, and the occurrence of drug references in everyday products, e.g., food, clothes, and cosmetics. Attention was drawn to liberal attitudes of celebrities and their admissions to drug use, particularly to the impact of the presented positions on the attitudes of the audience, especially young people for whom musicians, actors, and celebrities are regarded as authorities. Indications for further preventive actions were also presented. Attention was drawn to the need to take appropriate action due to the time of the COVID-19 pandemic when many people staying at home (due to lockdown or quarantine) have the possibility of much more frequent contact with mass culture content, which may distort the image of drugs.

COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adolescente , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Cultura Popular , Psicotrópicos , SARS-CoV-2
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0250212, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872337


In contemporary popular music, covering or adapting previous songs signals a tribute or reworking of popular hits, which implies acknowledgement of the original musicians. This connection can be interpreted as a form of musical impact among artists. A network graph with more than 106k artists and 855k cover versions extracted from the web site SecondHandSongs was created. The objective is to explore the shape of this network, identify the most relevant artists according to different impact measurements and to visualize connections between music genres. This analysis is done from a longitudinal perspective with the aim of understanding how cover versions can inform us about the history of the contemporary popular music. Results show that the number of covers by artist is skewed distributed, diminishing gradually since the 1950s. Different network metrics have allowed to identify the most covered (weighted indegree), the most influential (PageRank) and the most crossover artists (weighted betweenness centrality). The network graph also shows that genre affinity is the main criterion for covering songs between artists, language being the second. Remakes from other genres reflect that Jazz and Pop/Rock are the most influential because they emerge stronger and form the core of their respective sub-networks. Cover songs describe two cycles. In a first phase from 1900s to 1950s, dominated by Jazz and Vocal artists, the covers are more frequent and associated with the notion of reworking (e.g. jazz standards); in a second stage, since the 1950s, when the Pop/Rock emerges, cover songs are less common and seen as tribute.

Música/história , Cultura Popular , Evolução Cultural , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0244618, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571223


Just like everything in nature, scientific topics flourish and perish. While existing literature well captures article's life-cycle via citation patterns, little is known about how scientific popularity and impact evolves for a specific topic. It would be most intuitive if we could 'feel' topic's activity just as we perceive the weather by temperature. Here, we conceive knowledge temperature to quantify topic overall popularity and impact through citation network dynamics. Knowledge temperature includes 2 parts. One part depicts lasting impact by assessing knowledge accumulation with an analogy between topic evolution and isobaric expansion. The other part gauges temporal changes in knowledge structure, an embodiment of short-term popularity, through the rate of entropy change with internal energy, 2 thermodynamic variables approximated via node degree and edge number. Our analysis of representative topics with size ranging from 1000 to over 30000 articles reveals that the key to flourishing is topics' ability in accumulating useful information for future knowledge generation. Topics particularly experience temperature surges when their knowledge structure is altered by influential articles. The spike is especially obvious when there appears a single non-trivial novel research focus or merging in topic structure. Overall, knowledge temperature manifests topics' distinct evolutionary cycles.

Descoberta do Conhecimento/métodos , Publicações/tendências , Pesquisa/tendências , Conhecimento , Modelos Teóricos , Cultura Popular , Projetos de Pesquisa/tendências
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0244576, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439881


Song lyrics are rich in meaning. In recent years, the lyrical content of popular songs has been used as an index of culture's shifting norms, affect, and values. One particular, newly uncovered, trend is that lyrics of popular songs have become increasingly simple over time. Why might this be? Here, we test the idea that increasing lyrical simplicity is accompanied by a widening array of novel song choices. We do so by using six decades (1958-2016) of popular music in the United States (N = 14,661 songs), controlling for multiple well-studied ecological and cultural factors plausibly linked to shifts in lyrical simplicity (e.g., resource availability, pathogen prevalence, rising individualism). In years when more novel song choices were produced, the average lyrical simplicity of the songs entering U.S. billboard charts was greater. This cross-temporal relationship was robust when controlling for a range of cultural and ecological factors and employing multiverse analyses to control for potentially confounding influence of temporal autocorrelation. Finally, simpler songs entering the charts were more successful, reaching higher chart positions, especially in years when more novel songs were produced. The present results suggest that cultural transmission depends on the amount of novel choices in the information landscape.

Música , Poesia como Assunto , Cultura Popular , Humanos , Individuação , Estados Unidos
Nature ; 589(7841): 251-257, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328631


Understanding the degree to which human facial expressions co-vary with specific social contexts across cultures is central to the theory that emotions enable adaptive responses to important challenges and opportunities1-6. Concrete evidence linking social context to specific facial expressions is sparse and is largely based on survey-based approaches, which are often constrained by language and small sample sizes7-13. Here, by applying machine-learning methods to real-world, dynamic behaviour, we ascertain whether naturalistic social contexts (for example, weddings or sporting competitions) are associated with specific facial expressions14 across different cultures. In two experiments using deep neural networks, we examined the extent to which 16 types of facial expression occurred systematically in thousands of contexts in 6 million videos from 144 countries. We found that each kind of facial expression had distinct associations with a set of contexts that were 70% preserved across 12 world regions. Consistent with these associations, regions varied in how frequently different facial expressions were produced as a function of which contexts were most salient. Our results reveal fine-grained patterns in human facial expressions that are preserved across the modern world.

Cultura , Emoções , Expressão Facial , Internacionalidade , Comportamento Ritualístico , Aprendizado Profundo , Mapeamento Geográfico , Humanos , Cultura Popular , Traduções
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 36(2): 26-30, dic.2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1117896


Este estudio se sustentó en el paradigma cuantitativo orientado bajo una investigación de tipo descriptivo cuyo propósito fue describir el conocimiento sobre saberes populares del personal sanitario que labora en el Servicio de Atención Médica Inmediata del Servicio Desconcentrado Hospital Universitario Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga. La muestra estuvo conformada por 10 médicos y 8 enfermeras a quienes se les aplicó una encuesta a través de un cuestionario con escala tipo Likert el cual fue validado por la técnica de juicio de expertos. Los resultados indican que los encuestados manifiestan una tendencia positiva en cuanto a que a la consulta llegan pacientes cuyas madres usan las creencias y costumbres de sus ancestros para tratar las enfermedades que padecen, respetando y reconociendo el saber popular que poseen las madres de los pacientes. Existe una tendencia negativa en la utilización de los saberes populares en la práctica médica, así como en la combinación del saber popular y el saber científico para tratar la enfermedad y en la posibilidad de integrar de manera pedagógica los saberes populares en la educación para la salud. Por otra parte expresan una marcada tendencia positiva en cuanto a que las madres utilizan los saberes populares por sus condiciones socioeconómicas y en el hecho de que la educación o valores recibidos por ellas influyen en el uso de dichas creencias; de igual forma, la mayoría expresa una tendencia positiva en que las creencias y costumbres maternales puedan generar intoxicaciones en los pacientes y una tendencia negativa en su habilidad para curar la enfermedad(AU)

This study was based on a quantitative paradigm oriented under descriptive field research. The purpose of this study was to describe knowledge on popular beliefs of patient's parents of the medical staff who work in the Servicio de Atención Médica Inmediata of the Servicio Desconcentrado Hospital Universitario Pediátrico Dr. Agustín Zubillaga. The sample consisted of 10 doctors and 8 nurses who were given a Likert-scale questionnaire which was validated by the expert judgment technique. The results demonstrate that respondents show a positive view in regards to the fact that patients mothers with beliefs and customs of their ancestors attend the consult, respecting and recognizing their popular belief system; there is a negative view in the use of popular beliefs in medical practice, combination of popular and scientific knowledge and the possibility of integration of popular beliefs into health education. On the other hand, they express a marked positive view in regards to the use of popular belief based on socioeconomic conditions and that the education or values received by them influence the use of these beliefs; similarly, most respondents express a positive view in relation to beliefs and customs leading to poisoning in patients and a negative view in the possibility that these beliefs cure disease(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Educação , Capacitação Profissional , Cultura Popular , Mudança Social , Participação da Comunidade
BMC Geriatr ; 20(1): 477, 2020 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203379


BACKGROUND: Literature, film and news media reflect and shape social perceptions of dementia which in turn impact on dementia stigma. The aim of this paper is to systematically review papers on the depiction and frames for dementia in literature, film, mass media and social media in order to better understand cultural stigma related to dementia. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases was undertaken combining phrases relating to dementia, popular culture and representations, and phrases relating to dementia and stigma. We searched for scientific English language papers which included original analysis on the representation or depiction of dementia in popular culture (i.e. in film and television, literature, news, social media and language). Articles published between 1989-2018 were included. The search was conducted in December 2017 and updated in January 2019. Inductive thematic synthesis was undertaken. RESULTS: A total of 60 articles were included from an initial sample of 37022. Dementia was almost always depicted in conjunction with ageing, and often equated with Alzheimer's disease. Common frames for dementia were biomedical - dementia involves the deterioration of the brain for which there is no current cure; natural disaster or epidemic - dementia is a force of nature which will overwhelm mankind; and living dead - people with dementia lose their brains, memories, minds and consequently their personhood and human rights. There were examples of more positive depictions of dementia including expressing love and individual agency and experiencing personal growth. Feelings commonly associated with dementia were fear, shame, compassion and guilt, and depictions often resulted in a sense of social distance. CONCLUSIONS: Depictions of dementia in popular culture are associated with negative images and feelings, and social distance between people with dementia and those without. These correspond to dementia stigma in the public and as experienced by people with dementia. Further research is needed into the impact of literature, news and social media on dementia stigma and these cultural mediums might be used to reduce stigma.

Cultura Popular , Medo , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Distância Psicológica , Estigma Social
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law ; 48(4): 536-544, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023900


Comic books have been part of popular culture since the 1930s. Social activists quickly became concerned about the risk that comic books posed for youth, including that their content was a cause of juvenile delinquency. Dr. Fredric Wertham, a forensic psychiatrist, led efforts to protect society's children from comic books, culminating in multiple publications, symposia, and testimony before a Senate subcommittee on juvenile delinquency in 1954. During the course of his activities, and quite possibly as a backlash, comics started to represent psychiatrists and particularly forensic psychiatrists as evil, clueless, and narcissistic characters (e.g., Dr. Hugo Strange went from being a mad scientist to a mad psychiatrist). Clinical forensic psychiatrists who were not necessarily evil were often portrayed as inept regarding rehabilitation. There are very few positive portrayals of forensic psychiatrists in the comic book universe, and when they do occur, they often have severe character flaws or a checkered history. These negative characterizations are woven into the fabric of contemporary comic book characters, whether represented in comic books or other media offshoots such as films and television.

Histórias em Quadrinhos como Assunto/história , Cultura Popular , Psiquiatria , Estereotipagem , Feminino , Psiquiatria Legal/normas , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(1): 199-211, jan.-mar. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087306


As práticas integrativas e complementares buscam espaço em um contexto pautado na visão biologicista da saúde. Neste sentido, os saberes tradicionais e populares têm sido silenciados, sendo seu potencial promotor de saúde reduzido às práticas individuais, reprimidas pelo sistema que provê o cuidado à saúde. Este artigo tem por objetivo a descrição do processo de construção do documentário Cantos e Saberes, com mulheres, sobre saberes e práticas populares do uso de plantas medicinais. O gênero documentário promove comunicação intercultural capaz de trazer o conhecimento carregado de subjetividades e impressões. A montagem do documentário é pautada na análise do discurso das personagens, aprimorando a compreensão sobre a problemática do silenciamento dos seus saberes. Além disso, o produto deste trabalho funciona como propagador dos conhecimentos reunidos por meio das entrevistas, multiplicando as informações para diversas esferas, incluindo, neste caso, pesquisadores, profissionais e comunidades, proporcionando o diálogo entre os saberes.

Integrative and complementary practices looks for space in a context lined up with the biologicist view of health. Besides, the traditional and popular knowledge has been silenced, being its potential health promoter reduced to individual practices, repressed by the system which provides health care. This article aims to describe the process of construction of a documentary under the title Cantos e Saberes, with women, about learning and practices of the medicinal plants use. The documentary genre promotes intercultural communication capable of bringing information loaded with subjectivities and impressions. The documentary editing is based on the discourse analysis of the characters, improving the understanding of the problem regarding the silence in health care about their medicinal plants knowledge. The work product also serves as diffuser for the knowledge gathered by means of the interviews, multiplying the information to different spheres, including researchers, professionals and communities, providing the dialogue between different forms of knowledge.

Las prácticas integrativas y complementarias buscan espacio en un contexto pautado en la visión biologicista de la salud. En ese sentido, los saberes tradicionales y populares son silenciados, teniendo su potencial promotor de salud reducido a prácticas individuales, reprimidas por el sistema que proporciona el cuidado a la salud. Este artículo tiene por objetivo la descripción de la construcción del documental Cantos y Saberes, con mujeres, sobre saberes y prácticas populares del uso de hierbas medicinales. El género documental promueve comunicación intercultural capaz de traer el conocimiento cargado de subjetividades e impresiones. El montaje del documental es pautado en análisis del discurso de los personajes, mejorando la comprensión de la problemática del silenciamiento de sus saberes. Además, el producto de este trabajo propaga los conocimientos reunidos por medio de las entrevistas, multiplicando las informaciones para diversas esferas, incluyendo, en este caso, investigadores, profesionales y comunidades, proporcionando el diálogo entre los saberes.

Humanos , Plantas Medicinais , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Terapias Complementares , Documentários Cinematográficos , Promoção da Saúde , Cultivos Agrícolas , Estratégia Saúde da Família , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Segurança Alimentar , Cultura Popular
Appetite ; 150: 104638, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32113918


The local use of wild food plants represents a reservoir for the biocultural diversity of human diet and is therefore being extensively studied; yet the effects of the introduction of novel uses into specific biocultural conditions have been little researched. Rosebay willowherb Epilobium angustifolium L. has been intensively promoted in Europe since the mid-18th century. The expert recommendations did not provide any links to local uses thus raising the question of the legitimacy and diffusion of its food use in modern times. To understand if and to what extent those recommendations have influenced local uses, we compared them with the results of our ethnobotanical field study and the ethnographic literature in Russia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine. Of the 599 people interviewed, nine used E. angustifolium as a food and 59 as a recreational tea. Thirty-four of those who claimed to use E. angustifolium lived in two regions of Russia. The majority of the recorded tea uses were of recent origin, following a popular trend. Few food uses of E. angustifolium were recorded in Finland, where a trend towards culinary experimentation coincides with a general trend toward the consumption of healthy wild food; yet these uses are difficult to maintain due to the problems in recognizing the plant during its early stages of growth. The popularization of E. angustifolium as a food had more effect in times of hardship, when it was seen as a means of survival and its promotion was advocated. The translation error repeatedly appeared in botanical and later popular literature, whose authors did not clearly differentiate at that time between local uses and suggestions.

Dieta/tendências , Epilobium , Promoção da Saúde/tendências , Plantas Comestíveis , Chá , Idoso , Dieta/etnologia , Ingestão de Alimentos/etnologia , Etnobotânica , Europa Oriental , Feminino , Finlândia , Humanos , Masculino , Cultura Popular
J Law Health ; 34(1): 1-29, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449455


Perhaps the best way to understand early-Twenty-First Century state and federal cannabis law in the United States is to examine the relevant history. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.'s statement is apropos: "[A] page of history is worth a volume of logic." This article begins by discussing the early history of cannabis and its uses. Next, the article examines the first state and federal marijuana laws. After a brief comparison of alcohol prohibition to cannabis prohibition, this article addresses cannabis laws from the 1920s to the early 1950s. Then, the article takes up the reorganization of the federal drug regulatory bureaucracy since its inception. Addressing the current era of cannabis laws and regulations, this article recounts how marijuana became a Schedule I drug. The discussion then turns to changing social attitudes towards cannabis as reflected in presidential politics and popular culture. Starting with the late-1990s, this article describes the development of state and federal cannabis laws and policies up to the present day.

Cannabis , Uso da Maconha/história , Uso da Maconha/legislação & jurisprudência , Uso da Maconha/tendências , Controle de Medicamentos e Entorpecentes/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Legislação de Medicamentos/história , Formulação de Políticas , Política , Cultura Popular , Estados Unidos
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol ; 64(1): 124-143, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478417


This study examines juvenile attitudes toward the police (JATP) from an unconventional angle by examining the possible effect of two different cultures along with more conventional factors typically associated with youth attitude formation. A unique feature of this study is the inclusion of measures of attachment to both the traditional Chinese culture and Western popular culture. The data were collected from 30 minority middle schools with more than 6,500 students in a southern autonomous region in China in 2014. The primary findings indicate that juveniles who are more firmly attached to the traditional Chinese culture and who show respect for parents/teachers tend to hold a more positive view of the police. In contrast, juveniles who endorse Western popular culture and are perceived as a fan of that culture are more likely to hold a negative view of the police, societal actors who are viewed as primary representatives of the mainstream culture.

Atitude/etnologia , Cultura , Polícia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , China/etnologia , Confucionismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cultura Popular , Instituições Acadêmicas , Ocidente
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 509 p.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145924


Tecer uma cartografia é produzir mundos com as existências que encontramos no caminho. Nesta navegação, vamos experimentando um conjunto de travessias que abrem possibilidades para nos ocuparmos de uma multidão de existências e de nós mesmos como pesquisadores-viventes. Foi esta experiência que vivenciei no Jardim São Luiz, Jardim Ângela, Capão Redondo, zona sul de São Paulo, partindo da questão: "o que vem de fora e a saúde não enxerga?". Os ventos do fora me chamavam. Nesta navegação, compartilhada intensivamente com várias vidas, incluindo os integrantes do grupo Micropolítica e Saúde, aportei inicialmente em um quilombo cultural do Jardim São Luiz: o Sarau da Cooperifa. De lá, guiada pelas mãos de uma Griot, pisei em outro quilombo: a Casa Popular de Cultura de M'Boi Mirim. De encontro em encontro, cheguei em diferentes Corpes-Casa que me permitiram conhecer o que compõe e atravessa suas existências e seus modos de viver: literatura e cultura periférica; saraus nas escolas e para além dela; saberes-fazeres da cultura popular; teatro negro feminino; feminismo negro; trabalho de permanência; racismo; mulheres negras e gordas na dança e no teatro; modos de vida compartilhados; produção de um existir em transito; LGBTQUIA+fobia; encarceramento em massa da população negra; saúde das mulheres negras... E do encontro com um rizoma de produções ético-político-estético-poético-artístico habitado por esta constelação de existências, minha questão se amplificou e se evidenciou como tais experiências podem interrogar as práticas de saúde e a políticas públicas, bem como ensinar sobre estratégias de cuidado coletivo. Assim, no caminhar-navegar por entre pontes, travessias e encruzilhadas com estes Corpes-Casa-Multidão, que seguem em tensão inventando existências e resistências rizomáticas, aconteceu esta navegação cartográfica.

Working with the cartographic method is to make worlds peopled with the existences we find along the way. In this travel, we experience a series of transitions that create possibilities for us to deal with a multitude of existences and with ourselves as living-researchers. It was such experience I've been through in Jardim São Luiz, Jardim Ângela, Capão Redondo, south zone of the municipality of São Paulo, having started from the question: "what happens outside and healthcare cannot see?". The winds outside were calling me. In this travel, which was intensively shared with several beings, including members of the Micropolitics and Healthcare group, I first landed in a cultural quilombo in Jardim São Luiz: the Soiree of Cooperifa. From there, guided by a Griot's hands, I stepped on another quilombo: the People's Cultural House of M'Boi Mirim. From meeting to meeting, I arrived at different Bodies-Houses that allowed me to know what makes and permeates their existences and their ways of life: peripheric literature and culture; soirees in schools and outside them; popular culture know-how; black women's theater; black feminism; permanence work; racism; black and obese women in dance and theater; shared ways of life; the making of an existence in transit; homophobia; mass incarceration of the black population; healthcare of black women ... And with this encounter with a rhizome of ethical, political, aesthetic, poetic and artistic productions inhabited by this constellation of existences, my original question expanded and became evident how many experiences can interrogate health practices and public policies, as well as using collective care. Thus, in walking and navigating through bridges, crossings and crossroads with these Bodies-Houses-crowd, which remain in tension, inventing rhizomatic existences and resistances, this cartographic navigation took place.

Áreas de Pobreza , Cultura Popular , Literatura , Política de Saúde
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190305, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057260


Abstract INTRODUCTION: We examined the ethnobiological perception of the population of the Alto Juruá region about different snake species, in terms of their dangerousness and manifestations of envenomation. METHODS: We interviewed 100 villagers who were active in the forests. RESULTS: Lachesis muta was considered the most venomous snake, and Bothrops atrox appeared to be the most feared snake species. CONCLUSIONS: The high incidence, severity, and mortality of B. atrox bites and the severity and mortality of L. muta bites were the factors that contributed to these species being perceived as the most feared and venomous snakes.

Humanos , Animais , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Serpentes/classificação , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Cultura Popular , População Rural , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53: e20190305, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859953


INTRODUCTION: We examined the ethnobiological perception of the population of the Alto Juruá region about different snake species, in terms of their dangerousness and manifestations of envenomation. METHODS: We interviewed 100 villagers who were active in the forests. RESULTS: Lachesis muta was considered the most venomous snake, and Bothrops atrox appeared to be the most feared snake species. CONCLUSIONS: The high incidence, severity, and mortality of B. atrox bites and the severity and mortality of L. muta bites were the factors that contributed to these species being perceived as the most feared and venomous snakes.

Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Cultura Popular , Serpentes/classificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural , Adulto Jovem
Licere (Online) ; 22(4): 628-655, dez.2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051287


O presente artigo busca descrever e analisar o Vaporwave, movimento artístico surgido e popularizado exclusivamente na Internet. Pretende-se tratar de seu conteúdo, dos tipos de produção cultural a ele pertencente e da comunidade formada em seu entorno. Em seguida, pretende-se compreender como o sistema de direitos autorais trata o Vaporwave e quais seriam os problemas de possíveis incompatibilidades entre o sistema e este tipo de produção cultural.

This article aims to describe and analyze Vaporwave, an artistic movement that emerged and was popularized exclusively on the Internet. I intendto outlineits content, the types of cultural production related tothe movement,and the community formed in its surroundings. Afterwards, I intendto understandhow the copyright system treats Vaporwaveworksand the problems of possible incompatibilities between the copyright system and this type of cultural production.

Arte , Direitos Autorais , Cultura Popular , Música
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(12): 1613-1620, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094195


Background The consumption of illicit drugs in Chile has increased over the years generating abuse and dependence problems and becoming a public health problem. Aim To build and disseminate a figure in which health personnel can quickly visualize illicit drugs and their common names, and thus be able to associate them with the effects and risks that are expected in the patient. Material and Methods A bibliographic review and compilation of information obtained from dealers and drug abusers. Results A figure and a table were developed. The former illustrates the classification and common names of drugs, while the second indicates the mechanisms of action and effects expected in the body according to each drug of abuse. Conclusions Illicit drugs have several popular names and various mechanisms of action. When confronting drug consumption this information is crucial to provide an adequate treatment and withdrawal management. However, it is important to keep in mind that this work only represents a management guide and that treatment should always focus on the condition and clinical manifestations of the patient.

Humanos , Drogas Ilícitas/classificação , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Terminologia como Assunto , Chile , Cultura Popular