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1.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0270177, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35951554

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to examine the periodontal status of patients with atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysms. The occurrence of 5 periodontopathogens was evaluated in periodontal pockets and atheromatous plaques together with specimens from pathologically changed vascular walls of aortic aneurysms. The study comprised 39 patients who qualified for vascular surgeries. Patients with periodontitis and concomitant atherosclerosis or aneurysms were enrolled in the study. Periodontal indices were evaluated, and subgingival plaque samples were examined together with atheromatous plaques or specimens from vascular walls to identify, by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), the following periodontopathogens: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tanarella forsythia, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella intermedia and Treponema denticola. The majority of patients had chronic severe generalized periodontitis in stages III and IV. Laboratory investigations showed the occurrence of one or more of the five targeted periodontopathogens in 94.6% of the periodontal pockets examined. Of the examined periodontopathogens, only Porphyromonas gingivalis was confirmed in 1 atheromatous plaque sample collected from the wall of an aortic aneurysm. Therefore, the occurrence of this bacterium in these vessels was considered to be occasional in patients with chronic periodontitis.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal , Aterosclerose , Periodontite Crônica , Placa Aterosclerótica , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/complicações , Aterosclerose/microbiologia , Bacteroides , Periodontite Crônica/microbiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Bolsa Periodontal/microbiologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/microbiologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia , Treponema denticola
2.
J Bacteriol ; 204(8): e0020322, 2022 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35862729

RESUMO

Prevotella intermedia, a Gram-negative oral anaerobic bacterium, is frequently isolated from the periodontal pockets of patients with chronic periodontitis. In recent years, the involvement of the bacterium in respiratory tract infections as well as in oral infections has been revealed. P. intermedia possesses several potent virulence factors, such as cysteine proteinase interpain A encoded by the inpA gene. The genome of P. intermedia carries genes of the type IX secretion system (T9SS), which enables the translocation of virulence factors across the outer membrane in several pathogens belonging to the phylum Bacteroidetes; however, it is still unclear whether the T9SS is functional in this microorganism. Recently, we performed targeted mutagenesis in the strain OMA14 of P. intermedia. Here, we successfully obtained mutants deficient in inpA and the T9SS component genes porK and porT. None of the mutants exhibited protease activity of interpain A. The porK and porT mutants, but not the inpA mutant, showed defects in colony pigmentation, hemagglutination, and biofilm formation. We also obtained a complemented strain for the porK gene that recovered all the above abilities. These results indicate that T9SS functions in P. intermedia and that interpain A is one of the T9SS cargo proteins. IMPORTANCE The virulence factors of periodontal pathogens such as Prevotella intermedia have not been elucidated. Using our established procedure, we succeeded in generating type IX secretion system mutants and gene complementation strains that might transfer virulence factors to the bacterial surface. The generated strains clearly indicate that T9SS in P. intermedia is essential for colonial pigmentation, hemagglutination, and biofilm formation. These results indicated that interpain A is a T9SS cargo protein.


Assuntos
Cisteína Proteases , Hemaglutinação , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Sistemas de Secreção Bacterianos/metabolismo , Composição de Bases , Biofilmes , Cisteína Proteases/genética , Humanos , Filogenia , Pigmentação , Prevotella intermedia/genética , Prevotella intermedia/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Fatores de Virulência/genética
3.
Virulence ; 13(1): 1133-1145, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35791444

RESUMO

Prevotella intermedia readily colonizes healthy dental biofilm and is associated with periodontal diseases. The viscous exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing capability is known as a major virulence factor of P. intermedia 17 (Pi17). However, the inter-strain difference in P. intermedia regarding virulence-associated phenotype is not well studied. We compared in vivo virulence and whole genome sequences using five wild-type strains: ATCC 49046 (Pi49046), ATCC 15032 (Pi15032), ATCC 15033 (Pi15033), ATCC 25611 (Pi25611), and Pi17. Non-EPS producing Pi25611 was the least virulent in insect and mammalian models. Unexpectedly, Pi49046 did not produce viscous EPS but was the most virulent, followed by Pi17. Genomes of the five strains were quite similar but revealed subtle differences such as copy number variations and single nucleotide polymorphisms. Variations between strains were found in genes encoding glycosyltransferases and genes involved in the acquisition of carbohydrates and iron/haem. Based on these genetic variations, further analyses were performed. Phylogenetic and structural analyses discovered phosphoglycosyltransferases of Pi49046 and Pi17 have evolved to contain additional loops that may confer substrate specificity. Pi17, Pi15032, and Pi15033 displayed increased growth by various carbohydrates. Meanwhile, Pi49046 exhibited the highest activities for haemolysis and haem accumulation, as well as co-aggregation with Porphyromonas gingivalis harbouring fimA type II, which is more tied to periodontitis than other fimA types. Collectively, subtle genetic differences related to glycosylation and acquisition of carbohydrates and iron/haem may contribute to the diversity of virulence and phenotypic traits among P. intermedia strains. These variations may also reflect versatile strategies for within-host adaptation of P. intermedia.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Genômica , Animais , Carboidratos , Heme , Ferro , Mamíferos , Filogenia , Prevotella intermedia/genética , Virulência/genética
5.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 67(5): 301-308, 2022 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35613350

RESUMO

A research objective - to study tumor tissues of primary and recurrent patients with cancer of the oropharyngeal region for the frequency of occurrence of four types of anaerobic periodontogens and their associations by two methods: real-time PCR and cultural. There is speculation that bacteria can influence the pathogenesis of cancer. A comparative assessment of the content of four anaerobic periodontogens (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Tannerella forsythensis, Treponema denticola) in the tumor tissue and in the healthy tissue of the oral mucosa of patients with oropharyngeal cancer was carried out. It was found that the identification of odontopathogens by the real-time PCR method is much more informative than the traditional culture method, with the exception of P. intermedia, for the identification of which the traditional culture method was more effective. In 33.3% of patients, both primary and secondary, the composition of microorganisms was the same in both healthy and tumor tissue. In 20% of primary patients and in 13.3% of repeat patients, no associations of microorganisms included in the study were found in healthy tissue. Associations of 4 bacteria were recorded only in tumor tissue in both primary and repeated patients, and in repeated patients - statistically significantly more often. In 53.3% of repeat patients, associations of 4 bacteria were recorded in tumor tissue, whereas in primary patients, only in one case. P. gingivalis from tumor tissue in repeat patients was statistically significantly more often than in primary patients. T. forsythensis in primary patients was found statistically significantly more often in healthy tissues than in repeat patients, in which T. forsythensis was found statistically significantly more often from tumor tissue than in healthy tissue). T. denticola in healthy tissue was detected in both primary and repeated patients in isolated cases. T. denticola in tumor tissue was found statistically significantly more frequently in both primary and repeated patients compared to healthy tissue. P. gingivalis, T. forsythensis, and T. denticola should perhaps be considered risk indicators indicating the level of significance of their associations with oropharyngeal cancer.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Anaerobiose , Humanos , Microbiota/genética , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/genética , Porphyromonas gingivalis/genética , Prevotella intermedia , Treponema denticola
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 5636, 2022 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379855

RESUMO

Prevotella intermedia is an important species associated with periodontitis. Despite the remarkable clinical significance, little is known about the molecular basis for its virulence. The aim of this study was to characterize the secretome of P. intermedia in biofilm and planktonic life mode. The biofilm secretome showed 109 proteins while the planktonic secretome showed 136 proteins. The biofilm and the planktonic secretomes contained 17 and 33 signal-peptide bearing proteins, 13 and 18 lipoproteins, respectively. Superoxide reductase, sensor histidine kinase, C40 family peptidase, elongation factor Tu, threonine synthase etc. were unique to biofilm. Of the ~ 30 proteins with predicted virulence potential from biofilm and planktonic secretomes, only 6 were common between the two groups, implying large differences between biofilm and planktonic modes of P. intermedia. From Gene Ontology biofilm secretome displayed a markedly higher percent proteins compared to planktonic secretome in terms of cellular amino acid metabolic process, nitrogen compound metabolic process etc. Inflammatory cytokine profile analysis revealed that only the biofilm secretome, not the planktonic one, induced important cytokines such as MIP-1α/MIP-1ß, IL-1ß, and IL-8. In conclusion, the revealed differences in the protein profiles of P. intermedia biofilm and planktonic secretomes may trigger further questions about molecular mechanisms how this species exerts its virulence potential in the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Plâncton , Proteômica , Biofilmes , Plâncton/genética , Prevotella intermedia
7.
Anaerobe ; 75: 102552, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367366

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Obligate and facultative anaerobic bacteria adhering to dental implants are a major cause for peri-implant inflammation, which, if left untreated, can lead to implant loss. Previously, our group developed a new route for the synthesis of isoeugenol-functionalized aqueous nanogels for implant coatings. METHODS: Here, the antimicrobial activity of several new nanogels differing in spacer length (n = 6, 9, 44), radius (60-200 nm), and amount of isoeugenol functional substance (1-20 mol%) was tested against the following peri-implantitis-associated species: Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Escherichia coli, Actinomyces viscosus, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus oralis, S. parasanguinis, and the yeast Candida albicans. The minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) and fungicidal concentration (MFC) were determined for each combination. In addition, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and fluorescence microscopy after live-dead-staining (LD-S) were performed to visualize nanogel-microbe interactions. RESULTS: Two nanogels, NG9-3 and NG9-4 (colloids of 80-150 nm, with a spacer length of n = 9 and feeding between 5 and 10 mol% isoeugenol), had an inhibitory effect on all Gram-positive species and on P. gingivalis and P. intermedia with MBC ≥31.25 µg/ml. TEM and LD-S images showed that cellular adhesion and uptake of nanogels resulted in swelling, shedding, or even complete detachment of the cell wall and then to bursting (see graphical abstract). CONCLUSIONS: Functional nanogels can be used as building blocks in the design of bioactive coatings on implants to prevent infection and accelerate tissue regeneration, but the concentrations required are higher than for antibiotics.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Eugenol/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Nanogéis , Peri-Implantite/prevenção & controle , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia
8.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 842845, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35273925

RESUMO

Increasing evidence suggests that periodontitis, characterized by oral dysbiosis, is a critical player in the progression of multiple systemic diseases in humans. However, there is still a lack of a proper mouse model of periodontitis with the colonization of human periodontitis-associated bacteria. We here established a new mouse periodontitis model by combining ligation of the second molars with application of subgingival plaques from periodontitis patients. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and Taxonomic classification, we found that human periodontitis-associated bacteria efficiently colonized in the mouse model and were enriched in both ligature silk and mouse saliva. Furthermore, the well-recognized periodontal pathogens including Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Prevotella intermedia, and Tannerella forsythia were enriched in the new model, but not in ligature-induced periodontitis model or Sham mice. The human periodontitis-associated bacteria potently aggravated mouse periodontitis, as demonstrated by more severe bone resorption and higher expression of inflammatory and osteoclastogenesis genes. In summary, the new mouse periodontitis model paves the way for studying human periodontitis-associated bacteria in oral diseases and systemic diseases.


Assuntos
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Periodontite , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Periodontite/microbiologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/genética , Prevotella intermedia/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
9.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 804334, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35321313

RESUMO

Periodontal disease develops as a result of oral microbiota in dysbiosis, followed by the growth of periodontal pathogens such as Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia. In case of acute symptoms, antibacterial agents and disinfectants are administered, however the appearance of drug-resistant bacteria and allergies cause problems. In recent years, studies on the effects of probiotics have been conducted as an alternative therapy for periodontitis. However, the basic mechanism of the inhibitory effect of probiotic bacteria on periodontal disease has not been clearly elucidated. To clarify the antibacterial mechanism of probiotics against periodontal pathogens, we used Limosilactobacillus (Lactobacillus) fermentum ALAL020, which showed the strongest antibacterial activity against P. gingivalis and P. intermedia among 50 screened lactic acid bacteria strains. The antibacterial substances produced were identified and structurally analyzed. After neutralizing the MRS liquid culture supernatant of ALAL020 strain, the molecular weight (m/z) of the main antibacterial substance separated by gel filtration column chromatography and reverse phase HPLC was 226.131. This low molecular weight compound was analyzed by LC-MS and disclosed the composition formula C11H18O3N2, however the molecular structure remained unknown. Then, structural analysis by NMR revealed C11H18O3N2 as the cyclic dipeptide, "hexahydro-7-hydroxy-3- (2-methylpropyl) pyrrolo [1,2-a] pyrazine-1,4-dion cyclo (Hyp-Leu) ". Based on the results of this analysis, cyclo (Hyp-Leu) was chemically synthesized and the antibacterial activity against P. gingivalis and P. intermedia was measured. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was 2.5 g/L and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was shown to be less than 5 g/L. In addition, an in vitro epithelial tissue irritation test at 10 g/L showed no tissue toxicity. So far there are no reports of this peptide being produced by probiotic bacteria. Furthermore, antibacterial activity of this cyclic dipeptide against periodontal disease bacteria has not been confirmed. The results of this study might lead to a comprehensive understanding of the antibacterial mechanism against periodontal disease bacteria in future, and are considered applicable for the prevention of periodontal disease.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus fermentum , Probióticos , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Dipeptídeos/farmacologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia , Probióticos/farmacologia
10.
Clin Exp Dent Res ; 8(1): 28-36, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35199474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare X-linked primary immunodeficiency, characterized by micro-thrombocytopenia, recurrent infections, and eczema. This study aims to describe common oral manifestations and evaluate oral microbioma of WAS patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cohort study, 11 male WAS patients and 16 male healthy controls were evaluated in our Center between 2010 and 2018. Data about clinical history, oral examination, Gingival Index (GI) and Plaque Index (PI) were collected from both groups. Periodontal microbiological flora was evaluated on samples of the gingival sulcus. RESULTS: WAS subjects presented with premature loss of deciduous and permanent teeth, inclusions, eruption disturbance, and significantly worse GI and PI. They also showed a trend toward a higher total bacterial load. Fusobacterium nucleatum, reported to contribute to periodontitis onset, was the most prevalent bacteria, together with Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that WAS patients are at greater risk of alterations in the oral cavity. The statistically higher incidence of periodontitis and the trend to higher prevalence of potentially pathological bacterial species in our small cohort, that should be confirmed in future in a larger population, underline the importance of dentistry monitoring as part of the multidisciplinary management of WAS patients.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Periodontite , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/microbiologia , Prevotella intermedia
11.
Wiad Lek ; 74(10 pt 1): 2428-2432, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896999

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To study the rate of detection of specific periodontopathogenic microbiota in patients with chronic generalized periodontitis (CGP) and coronary artery disease (CAD) and assessment of the risk of periodontal pathogens in the development of CAD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: A microbiological study of the content of periodontal pockets was carried out in 64 patients with CGP and CAD of the study group (mean age - 56.9±7.9 years) and 20 patients of the comparison group (mean age - 45.2±11,8 years) who were not burdened with CAD. RESULTS: Results: It was established that in patients with CGP and CAD the following periodontal pathogens were found more frequently than in the comparison group: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (56.3±6.20% vs 25.0±9.68%; p=0.01), Prevotella intermedia (54.7±6.22% vs. 20.0±8.94%; p=0.01), and Fusobacterium spp. (34.4±5.94 vs. 10.0±6.71%; p=0.04). The increase in the percentage of the association of the periodontal pathogens was revealed in patients with CAD, which increased with the severity of the pathological process in periodontal tissues. The results of the study indicate the association of A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. intermedia, Fusobacterium spp. with CAD: A. actinomycetemcomitans: OR=3.86 (95% CI: 1.25-11.90), p=0.015; P. intermedia: OR=4.83 (95% CI: 1.45-16.05), p=0.007; Fusobacterium spp.: OR=4.71 (95% CI: 1.00-22.20), p=0.035. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Analysis of the microbiological study indicates a high rate of detection of specific periodontal pathogens in patients with CGP and CAD. It can be assumed that the presence of such periodontal pathogens as A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. intermedia, Fusobacterium spp., significantly increases the risk of CAD.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Periodontite Crônica/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Humanos , Bolsa Periodontal , Prevotella intermedia
12.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 100(6): 19-23, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34953183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to study the microflora of periodontal pockets and gingival fluid; determine the qualitative composition of periodontal pathogens by PCR; to determine the main associations of microorganisms, to determine the periodontal index in patients with cement caries, external pathological resorption and in patients from the comparison group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The examination included 80 patients, including 28 patients with a diagnosis of cement caries, 25 patients with a diagnosis of external cervical root resorption, 27 patients in the comparison group without tooth root damage. Based on the results of microbiological studies in various clinical conditions of the oral cavity, in particular, in different forms of lesions of the periodontium and hard tissues of teeth, the predominant microbial representatives and their combinations were identified. RESULTS: According to the study, it was revealed that all patients with cement caries and external pathological resorption have pathological processes arising in the periodontium. The study of the qualitative composition of the microflora showed that in patients with cement caries, the following associations of microorganisms are most often found: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella intermedia, Tannerella forsythia, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Candida albicans, Treponema denticola. Patients with external pathological resorption of microorganisms were found in patients with external pathological resorption of microorganisms: Prevotella intermedia, Treponema denticola, Candida albicans, Tannerella forsythia, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Epstein-Barr virus. These periodontal pathogenic microorganisms have a wide range of pathogenicity factors, which allows them to induce a prolonged inflammatory process. CONCLUSION: The study of the microflora of periodontal pockets and gingival sulcus in case of caries of cement and external pathological resorption is an important link in preventing the development and aggravation of pathological conditions of hard tissues of the tooth root and periodontal tissues.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Cárie Radicular , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Boca , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia , Treponema denticola
13.
Int J Implant Dent ; 7(1): 105, 2021 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613503

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The mechanisms underlying the onset and progression of peri-implantitis are similar to those of periodontitis, and the causative bacteria are believed to similar. Previous studies support an association between peri-implantitis and periodontal pathogen. Thus, we investigated the bacterial flora of peri-implantitis patients in comparison to those of healthy implant and periodontitis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 70 patients visiting Tokyo Dental College Chiba Hospital were divided into four groups: healthy, periodontitis, healthy implant, and peri-implantitis. For each group, the following five periodontal pathogens were detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, and Prevotella intermedia. RESULTS: The average copy number of total bacteria was significantly higher in the periodontitis group than in the other groups. P. gingivalis was detected in the periodontitis and peri-implantitis groups at levels as high as 18.92% and 12.29%, respectively, and P. intermedia was found in the peri-implantitis group at a rate of 2.06%. Nevertheless, periodontal pathogens were generally detected at lower levels in the peri-implantitis group than in the periodontitis group. CONCLUSION: We found lower bacterial counts in the peri-implantitis group relative to the periodontitis group. Our results suggest that the peri-implant tissue is less resistant to bacteria, so even a small number of bacteria can be a risk factor for peri-implantitis and the causative agent of peri-implantitis can be bacteria other than periodontal pathogen.


Assuntos
Peri-Implantite , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Humanos , Prevotella intermedia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Treponema denticola
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(42): 49642-49657, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637255

RESUMO

Periodontitis compromises the integrity and function of tooth-supporting structures. Although therapeutic approaches have been offered, predictable regeneration of periodontal tissues remains intangible, particularly in anatomically complex defects. In this work, personalized and defect-specific antibiotic-laden polymeric scaffolds containing metronidazole (MET), tetracycline (TCH), or their combination (MET/TCH) were created via electrospinning. An initial screening of the synthesized fibers comprising chemo-morphological analyses, cytocompatibility assessment, and antimicrobial validation against periodontopathogens was accomplished to determine the cell-friendly and anti-infective nature of the scaffolds. According to the cytocompatibility and antimicrobial data, the 1:3 MET/TCH formulation was used to obtain three-dimensional defect-specific scaffolds to treat periodontally compromised three-wall osseous defects in rats. Inflammatory cell response and new bone formation were assessed by histology. Micro-computerized tomography was performed to assess bone loss in the furcation area at 2 and 6 weeks post implantation. Chemo-morphological and cell compatibility analyses confirmed the synthesis of cytocompatible antibiotic-laden fibers with antimicrobial action. Importantly, the 1:3 MET/TCH defect-specific scaffolds led to increased new bone formation, lower bone loss, and reduced inflammatory response when compared to antibiotic-free scaffolds. Altogether, our results suggest that the fabrication of defect-specific antibiotic-laden scaffolds holds great potential toward the development of personalized (i.e., patient-specific medication) scaffolds to ablate infection while affording regenerative properties.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Metronidazol/farmacologia , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Tetraciclina/farmacologia , Tecidos Suporte/química , Antibacterianos/química , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Fusobacterium nucleatum/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Materiais , Metronidazol/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tamanho da Partícula , Periodontite/microbiologia , Periodontite/patologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Prevotella intermedia/efeitos dos fármacos , Tetraciclina/química
15.
Front Immunol ; 12: 766170, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707622

RESUMO

Background & Aims: Periodontitis increases the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here, we show that gut dysbiosis induced by oral administration of Porphyromonas gingivalis, a representative periodontopathic bacterium, is involved in the aggravation of NAFLD pathology. Methods: C57BL/6N mice were administered either vehicle, P. gingivalis, or Prevotella intermedia, another periodontopathic bacterium with weaker periodontal pathogenicity, followed by feeding on a choline-deficient, l-amino acid-defined, high-fat diet with 60 kcal% fat and 0.1% methionine (CDAHFD60). The gut microbial communities were analyzed by pyrosequencing the 16S ribosomal RNA genes. Metagenomic analysis was used to determine the relative abundance of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways encoded in the gut microbiota. Serum metabolites were analyzed using nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomics coupled with multivariate statistical analyses. Hepatic gene expression profiles were analyzed via DNA microarray and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: CDAHFD60 feeding induced hepatic steatosis, and in combination with bacterial administration, it further aggravated NAFLD pathology, thereby increasing fibrosis. Gene expression analysis of liver samples revealed that genes involved in NAFLD pathology were perturbed, and the two bacteria induced distinct expression profiles. This might be due to quantitative and qualitative differences in the influx of bacterial products in the gut because the serum endotoxin levels, compositions of the gut microbiota, and serum metabolite profiles induced by the ingested P. intermedia and P. gingivalis were different. Conclusions: Swallowed periodontopathic bacteria aggravate NAFLD pathology, likely due to dysregulation of gene expression by inducing gut dysbiosis and subsequent influx of gut bacteria and/or bacterial products.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/microbiologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia , Administração Oral , Animais , Deficiência de Colina , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Fezes/microbiologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
16.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 408, 2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Probiotics affect both the development and stability of microbiota by altering the colonization of pathogens and thus helps in stimulating the immune system of the individual. The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of probiotics on peri-implantitis microflora, by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of Lactobacillus reuteri, that can be effectively administered as an antimicrobial agent on specific peri-implantitis pathogens. Hence, this study will be helpful in finding the MIC of L. Reuteri that can be effectively administered as an antimicrobial agent on specific peri-implantitis pathogens. METHODS: This experimental research was conducted on patients visiting the periodontology department in M. A. Rangoonwala college of dental sciences and research centre. Sub-gingival plaque samples were collected from peri-implantitis patients to identify various peri-implantitis microorganisms. The identified microorganisms were compared to each other and Chi-Square test was used to calculate statistical significance. The isolated microorganisms were subjected to the effect of probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri in-vitro. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was assessed using serial dilution method. RESULTS: The research results showed the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella intermedia, Streptococcus salivaris and Staphylococcus aureus in the subgingival samples from peri-implantitis patients. Statistically, significantly higher proportion of samples had Porphyromonas gingivalis. When subjected to the effect of L. reuteri, all the microorganisms were affected by L.reuteri except Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. CONCLUSION: This study provides the various MIC value for each isolated pathogen against L.reuteri. The authors recommend to avoid using standard guidelines for probiotic dose in the treatment of peri-implant infections as the antimicrobial profile is different for each periodontal pathogen.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Lactobacillus reuteri , Peri-Implantite , Probióticos , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Humanos , Peri-Implantite/prevenção & controle , Prevotella intermedia
17.
Georgian Med News ; (315): 56-60, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365426

RESUMO

The study is aimd at detection the pathogenic markers: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomit, Porphyromonas Gingivalis, Prevotella Intermedia, Tannerella Forsythia and Treponema Denticola, identify their types, qualitative content and encounter frequency in periodontal pockets of the patients with generalized periodontitis, stage II (A or B level), before and after treatment with mechanical forms of therapy - Ultrasound, Vector or Laser Therapy . The material has been studied by using Micro-Ident biological method based on DNA-Strip technology. The surveyed 25 patients (women - 75% and men - 25%), 20 to 60 years of age, were divided into the three groups: group I treatment with Ultrasound scaler (n=9), group II treatment with Ultrasound Scaler and Diode laser (n=8), group III treatment with Ultrasound Scaler and Vector Sistem (n=8). All five strain before treatment were detected in 3 (12.5%) cases, none of the strain were detected in 1 patient (4%); among the rest 21 patients (87.5%) the following associations of different microorganisms were detected: P.G., P.I, T.F., T.D. - in 20.8% of patients, P.G., T.F., T.D. - 12.5%; A.A., P.G., P.I., T.F. - 4.16%; P.G., P.I., T.F.-33.28%; P.I., T.F., T.D. - 4.16%; A.A., P.G., T.F., T.D. - 12.5%; P.I., T.F. - 4.16%; P.G., P.I., T.D. - 4.16%. After evaluating the effectiveness of the treatment, based on Ultrasound system, Vector system, Diode laser and the complex picture of clinical and laboratory examinations in patients with generalized periodontitis, stage II, A or B level, a significant improvement in clinical conditions was observed. The microbiological study of Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomit (AA), Porphyromonas Gingivalis (PG), Prevotella Intermidia (PI), Tannerella Forsythia (BF), Treponema Denticola (TD) showed a complete elimination of qualitative and quantitative data after Vector therapy, but no reliable elimination of bacteria was observed after ultrasound and laser therapies. After treatment all five strain were detected in 1 (4%) case, 4 strain A.A., P.G., T.F., T.D. in 1 (4%) case, P.G.,P.I.,T.F.,T.D. - 2 (8%) case, 3 strain P.G., P.I., T.F in 3 (12.5%) case, 2 strain P.G., T.F - 1 strain (4%) and 1 T.F in 2 (8%).


Assuntos
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Bacteroides , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Bolsa Periodontal , Prevotella intermedia , Treponema denticola
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328481

RESUMO

This study assessed the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK), RANK ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and levels of Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, Tannerella forsythia, Prevotella intermedia, and Streptococcus oralis in areas where airborne particle-abraded, large-grit, acid-etched (SLA), fluorine-modified, and anodized implant surfaces are used. A total of 71 implants from 37 patients were assessed, grouped according to the surface characteristics of the implants: SLA surface (Group 1), fluorine-modified surface (Group 2), and anodized surface (Group 3). The following clinical indices were measured: Gingival Index (GI), probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment level (CAL), and keratinized tissue width (KTW). Peri-implant sulcus fluid and subgingival plaque samples were also collected. Commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were purchased for measuring TNF-α, PGE2, RANKL, RANK, and OPG. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect P intermedia, T forsythia, T denticola, F nucleatum, P gingivalis, and S oralis levels in the subgingival biofilms. The groups showed no statistically significant differences in GI, PD, BOP, CAL, KTW, or peri-implant status. The total amounts of PGE2, TNF-α, RANKL, RANK, and OPG and the RANKL/OPG ratio were not significantly different between groups. F nucleatum, T forsythia, P intermedia, P gingivalis, and T denticola were significantly higher in Group 3 implants. DNA concentrations of S oralis were higher in Group 2. Within the limitations of this study, SLA and fluorine-modified implant surfaces may be more clinically successful than anodized-surface implants.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia , Treponema denticola
19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9986375, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222492

RESUMO

Increasing attention has been paid to the possible link between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis over the past decade. The aim of this study is to investigate the presence of five periopathogens: Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.), Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A.a.), Tannerella forsythia (T.f.), Treponema denticola (T.d.), and Prevotella intermedia (P.i.) in atheromatous plaques obtained from the carotid and coronary arteries in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery and carotid endarterectomy. Group I (carotid arteries) consisted of 30 patients (mean age: 54.5 ± 14.8), and group II (coronary arteries) consisted of 28 patients (mean age: 63 ± 12.1). Clinical periodontal examinations consisted of plaque index, gingival index, sulcus bleeding index, and periodontal probing depth and were performed on the day of vascular surgery. The presence of periopathogens in periodontal pockets and atherosclerotic vessels was detected using polymerase chain reaction. In both subgingival plaque and atherosclerotic plaque of carotid arteries, P.g., A.a., T.f., T.d., and P.i. were detected in 26.7%, 6.7%, 66.7%, 10.0%, and 20.0%, respectively, while for coronary arteries, P.g. was detected in 39.3%, A.a. in 25%, T.f. in 46.4%, T.d. in 7.1%, and P.i. in 35.7%. The presence of five periopathogens in carotid and coronary atherosclerotic vessels showed correlation in regard to the degree of periodontal inflammation. The present study suggests the relationship between periodontal pathogenic bacteria and atherogenesis. Further studies are necessary in relation to the prevention or treatment of periodontal disease that would result in reduced mortality and morbidity associated with atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Artérias Carótidas/microbiologia , Vasos Coronários/microbiologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/microbiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Aterosclerose , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Periodontais/imunologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Tannerella forsythia , Treponema denticola
20.
Theranostics ; 11(14): 6703-6716, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34093848

RESUMO

Rationale: The endemic of peri-implantitis affects over 25% of dental implants. Current treatment depends on empirical patient and site-based stratifications and lacks a consistent risk grading system. Methods: We investigated a unique cohort of peri-implantitis patients undergoing regenerative therapy with comprehensive clinical, immune, and microbial profiling. We utilized a robust outlier-resistant machine learning algorithm for immune deconvolution. Results: Unsupervised clustering identified risk groups with distinct immune profiles, microbial colonization dynamics, and regenerative outcomes. Low-risk patients exhibited elevated M1/M2-like macrophage ratios and lower B-cell infiltration. The low-risk immune profile was characterized by enhanced complement signaling and higher levels of Th1 and Th17 cytokines. Fusobacterium nucleatum and Prevotella intermedia were significantly enriched in high-risk individuals. Although surgery reduced microbial burden at the peri-implant interface in all groups, only low-risk individuals exhibited suppression of keystone pathogen re-colonization. Conclusion: Peri-implant immune microenvironment shapes microbial composition and the course of regeneration. Immune signatures show untapped potential in improving the risk-grading for peri-implantitis.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Aprendizado de Máquina , Macrófagos/imunologia , Microbiota/genética , Peri-Implantite/imunologia , Peri-Implantite/microbiologia , Algoritmos , Estudos de Coortes , Fusobacterium nucleatum/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Peri-Implantite/classificação , Prevotella intermedia/isolamento & purificação , Fatores de Risco , Células Th1/metabolismo , Células Th17/metabolismo
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