Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.249
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35050847

RESUMO

An obligately anaerobic bacterial strain (WR041T) was isolated from a plant residue sample in a methanogenic reactor. Cells of the strain were Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming rods. Prevotella paludivivens JCM 13650T was the closest species of the strain based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing (98.9 % similarity). Genome analysis of strain WR041T indicated that the genome size of the strain was 3.52 Mb and the genomic DNA G+C content was 37.5 mol%. Although the 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of strain WR041T with the closest species was higher than the threshold value of the recommended species delineation (98.7 %), the average nucleotide identity and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization value between them were 91-92 and 45.5 %, respectively, suggesting that strain WR041T represents a novel species in the genus. Strain WR041T essentially required haemin and CO2/Na2CO3 for growth. The strain was saccharolytic and decomposed various polysaccharides (glucomannan, inulin, laminarin, pectin, starch and xylan) and produced acetate and succinate. The optimum growth conditions were 35 °C and pH 6.8. The major cellular fatty acids were branched-chain fatty acids such as anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. Menaquinones MK-11 and MK-12 were the major respiratory quinones. Many protein-coding genes which were not found in the genome of P. paludivivens as orthologous genes were detected in the genome of strain WR041T. Based on the differences in the phylogenetic, genomic and physiological characteristics between strain WR041T and related species, the name Prevotella herbatica sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate strain WR041T (=NBRC 115134T = DSM 112534T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Prevotella , Anaerobiose , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , Polissacarídeos , Prevotella/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(12)2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908520

RESUMO

An obligately anaerobic strain, designated as A2931T, was isolated from oropharyngeal abscess puncture fluid of a patient sampled during routine care at a hospital and further characterized both phenotypically, biochemically and genotypically. This Gram-negative rod-shaped bacterium was moderately saccharolytic and proteolytic. Phylogenetic analyses of full-length 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences revealed it to be best placed in the genus Prevotella, but to be only comparatively distantly related to recognized species, with the closest relationship to Prevotella baroniae (average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values both well below the generally accepted thresholds). Strain A2931T had a genomic DNA G+C content of 47.7 mol%. Its most abundant cellular long-chain fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 0. Taken together, this polyphasic data suggests strain A2931T to represent a novel species within the genus Prevotella, for which the name Prevotella illustrans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is A2931T (=DSM 108028T=CCOS 1232T=CCUG 72806T). Interestingly, we found strain A2931T to correspond to the oral taxon Prevotella HMT-820 in the Human Oral Microbiome Database, as supported by overall genome relatedness index analyses >99 %. Thus, our work not only closes one of the gaps of knowledge about hitherto unnamed species isolated from humans, but also will facilitate identification of this taxon both in the clinical microbiology context and in research alike.


Assuntos
Abscesso , Ácidos Graxos , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Humanos , Filogenia , Prevotella/genética , Punções , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
3.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e933684, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Bacterial pericarditis can present a diagnostic challenge due to the difficulty of obtaining tissue for bacterial identification. This report is of a 34-year-old man who presented with fever and cough. Diagnosis was initially delayed without a tissue sample, but the patient was later found to have polymicrobial bacterial pericarditis. CASE REPORT A 34-year-old man from the Democratic Republic of Congo presented to the emergency room with cough, fever, and night sweats. He was admitted and found to have pericardial thickening and fluid collection with calcifications. A tissue sample was not obtained for diagnosis, and he was discharged on RIPE (rifampin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol) and steroids for presumed tuberculosis pericarditis. He worsened clinically and was readmitted to the hospital with evolving pericardial effusion with air present, in addition to new pleural effusion and parenchymal consolidation. He subsequently underwent thoracotomy and pericardial biopsy. Tissue cultures and sequence-based bacterial analysis eventually revealed the presence of Prevotella oris and Fusobacterium nucleatum. He improved dramatically with appropriate antibiotic therapy. CONCLUSIONS This report demonstrates the importance of undergoing further diagnostic work-up for bacterial pericarditis, especially in resource-rich settings. Although tuberculosis pericarditis should remain high on the differential, it is imperative not to anchor on that diagnosis. Instead, when feasible and safe, tissue biopsy should be obtained and sent for organism identification. AFB smears and cultures, Xpert MTB/RIF, and sequence-based bacterial analysis have all been used for identification. Delay in diagnosis can lead to progression of disease and unnecessary incorrect therapies.


Assuntos
Derrame Pericárdico , Pericardite Tuberculosa , Pericardite , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pericardite/diagnóstico , Pericardite Tuberculosa/diagnóstico , Prevotella
4.
BMC Vet Res ; 17(1): 343, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prevotella histicola is a facultative oral pathogen that under certain conditions causes pathologies such as caries and periodontitis in humans. Prevotella spp. also colonize the oral cavity of horses and can cause disease, but P. histicola has not yet been identified. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old Tinker mare was referred to the clinic for persistent, malodorous purulent nasal discharge and quidding. Conservative antibiotic (penicillin), antiphlogistic (meloxicam), and mucolytic (dembrexine-hydrochloride) treatment prior to referral was unsuccessful and symptoms worsened. Oral examination, radiography, sino-/ rhinoscopy, and standing computed tomography revealed severe apical/ periapical infection of the upper cheek tooth 209 with accompanying unilateral sinonasal inflammation and conchal necrosis. The tooth exhibited extensive subocclusal mesial infundibular cemental hypoplasia and caries, and an occlusal fissure fracture. After mechanical debridement and thermoplastic resin filling of the spacious subocclusal carious infundibular lesion, the tooth was extracted intraorally. The sinusitis and conchal necrosis were treated transendoscopically. Selective bacteriological swab cultures of affected tooth roots and subsequent matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry showed an infection with the obligate anaerobic, Gram-negative bacterium P. histicola. Surgical intervention and adapted antibiotic therapy led to normal healing without complications. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the first documented case of dental infection in a horse caused by P. histicola at once indicating necessity of more sufficient microbiological diagnostics and targeted antibiotic treatment in equine dental practice. This finding is also conducive to understand species-specific Prevotella diversity and cross-species distribution.


Assuntos
Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/veterinária , Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico por imagem , Prevotella/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/patologia , Infecções por Bacteroidaceae/cirurgia , Bochecha/diagnóstico por imagem , Bochecha/microbiologia , Bochecha/patologia , Feminino , Doenças dos Cavalos/patologia , Doenças dos Cavalos/cirurgia , Cavalos , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/veterinária , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente/microbiologia , Dente/patologia , Extração Dentária/veterinária , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(44): 13217-13226, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706532

RESUMO

The enzymatic production of xylo-oligosaccharides (XOs) from destarched wheat bran with a GH11 xylanase was studied. Xylo-oligosaccharides (XOs) produced were separated into different fractions according to their degree of polymerization (DP) and the nature of their substituents: arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides (AXOs) with a DP from 2 to 3 and DP from 2 to 6 and feruloylated arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides (FAXOs) esterified by ferulic and p-coumaric acids with a DP from 3 to 6. Both AXOs (short and long DP) and FAXOs stimulated the growth of Bifidobacterium adolescentis, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, and Prevotella copri similarly but not Lactobacillus rhamnosus. The utilization of AXOs and FAXOs as a carbon source resulted in the increase in turbidity, decrease in pH, and production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in the culture broth. The highest amount of SCFAs was produced by F. prausnitzii using FAXOs. Results suggest that FAXOs and AXOs have the potential to be considered as prebiotics.


Assuntos
Fibras na Dieta , Probióticos , Bactérias/genética , Carbono , Oligossacarídeos , Polimerização , Prebióticos , Prevotella , Xilanos
6.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 711282, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631597

RESUMO

Saliva is a vital mediator in the oral cavity. The dysbiosis of free bacteria in saliva might be related to the onset, development, prognosis, and recurrence of periodontal diseases, but this potential relationship is still unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential roles of the free salivary microbiome in different periodontal statuses, their reaction to nonsurgical periodontal therapy, and differences between diseased individuals after treatment and healthy persons. We recruited 15 healthy individuals, 15 individuals with gingivitis, and 15 individuals with stage I/II generalized periodontitis. A total of 90 unstimulated whole saliva samples were collected and sequenced using full-length bacterial 16S rRNA gene sequencing. We found that as the severity of disease increased, from healthy to gingivitis and periodontitis, the degree of dysbiosis also increased. A higher abundance of Prevotella intermedia and Catonella morbi and a lower abundance of Porphyromonas pasteri, Prevotella nanceiensis, and Haemophilus parainfluenzae might be biomarkers of periodontitis, with an area under curve (AUC) reaching 0.9733. When patients received supragingival scaling, there were more pathogens related to recolonization in the saliva of periodontitis patients than in healthy persons. Even after effective nonsurgical periodontal therapy, individuals with periodontitis displayed a more dysbiotic and pathogenic microbial community in their saliva than healthy individuals. Therefore, the gradual transition in the entire salivary microbial community from healthy to diseased includes a gradual shift to dysbiosis. Free salivary pathogens might play an important role in the recolonization of bacteria as well as the prognosis and recurrence of periodontal diseases.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Doenças Periodontais , Clostridiales , Disbiose , Humanos , Porphyromonas , Prevotella , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Saliva
7.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 723821, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616690

RESUMO

Ancient dental calculus, formed from dental plaque, is a rich source of ancient DNA and can provide information regarding the food and oral microbiology at that time. Genomic analysis of dental calculus from Neanderthals has revealed the difference in bacterial composition of oral microbiome between Neanderthals and modern humans. There are few reports investigating whether the pathogenic bacteria of periodontitis, a polymicrobial disease induced in response to the accumulation of dental plaque, were different between ancient and modern humans. This study aimed to compare the bacterial composition of the oral microbiome in ancient and modern human samples and to investigate whether lifestyle differences depending on the era have altered the bacterial composition of the oral microbiome and the causative bacteria of periodontitis. Additionally, we introduce a novel diagnostic approach for periodontitis in ancient skeletons using micro-computed tomography. Ancient 16S rDNA sequences were obtained from 12 samples at the Unko-in site (18th-19th century) of the Edo era (1603-1867), a characteristic period in Japan when immigrants were not accepted. Furthermore, modern 16S rDNA data from 53 samples were obtained from a database to compare the modern and ancient microbiome. The microbial co-occurrence network was analyzed based on 16S rDNA read abundance. Eubacterium species, Mollicutes species, and Treponema socranskii were the core species in the Edo co-occurrence network. The co-occurrence relationship between Actinomyces oricola and Eggerthella lenta appeared to have played a key role in causing periodontitis in the Edo era. However, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. vincentii, and Prevotella pleuritidis were the core and highly abundant species in the co-occurrence network of modern samples. These results suggest the possibility of differences in the pathogens causing periodontitis during different eras in history.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Periodontite , Actinobacteria , Actinomyces , Fusobacterium , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Japão , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Periodontite/história , Periodontite/microbiologia , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella , Treponema , Microtomografia por Raio-X
8.
Helicobacter ; 26(6): e12854, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is acquired during childhood and causes chronic gastritis that remains asymptomatic in most infected people. H. pylori alters the gastric microbiota and causes peptic ulcer disease. Evidence on the relationship between asymptomatic H. pylori infection and children's gut microbiota remains elusive. AIM: We characterized the relationship between H. pylori infection and the intestinal microbiome of healthy children, adjusting for known inter-personal and environmental exposures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included stool samples obtained from 163 Israeli Arab children aged 6-9 years from different socioeconomic strata. Sociodemographic information was collected through maternal interviews. H. pylori infection was determined using monoclonal antigen detection stool enzyme immunoassay. The gut microbiome was characterized by implementing 16S rRNA gene sequencing of the V4 region and a multivariate downstream analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 57% of the participants were positive for H. pylori infection and it was significantly associated with low socioeconomic status. There was no significant association between H. pylori infection and bacterial richness of fecal microbiome. H. pylori infection was significantly associated with intestinal bacterial composition, including a strong association with Prevotella copri and Eubacterium biforme. Moreover, socioeconomic status was strongly associated with bacterial composition. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: H. pylori infection in healthy children was significantly associated with altered intestinal microbiome structure. Socioeconomic determinants exhibit a strong effect, related to both H. pylori infection and intestinal diversity and composition in childhood. These findings are clinically important to the understanding of the role of H. pylori infection and other intestinal microbes in health and disease.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Firmicutes , Helicobacter pylori/genética , Humanos , Prevotella , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Instituições Acadêmicas
9.
Science ; 374(6564): 216-224, 2021 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618582
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638543

RESUMO

Monensin is an ionophore for monovalent cations, which is frequently used to prevent ketosis and to enhance performance in dairy cows. Studies have shown the rumen bacteria Prevotella bryantii B14 being less affected by monensin. The present study aimed to reveal more information about the respective molecular mechanisms in P.bryantii, as there is still a lack of knowledge about defense mechanisms against monensin. Cell growth experiments applying increasing concentrations of monensin and incubations up to 72 h were done. Harvested cells were used for label-free quantitative proteomics, enzyme activity measurements, quantification of intracellular sodium and extracellular glucose concentrations and fluorescence microscopy. Our findings confirmed an active cell growth and fermentation activity of P.bryantii B14 despite monensin concentrations up to 60 µM. An elevated abundance and activity of the Na+-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase counteracted sodium influx caused by monensin. Cell membranes and extracellular polysaccharides were highly influenced by monensin indicated by a reduced number of outer membrane proteins, an increased number of certain glucoside hydrolases and an elevated concentration of extracellular glucose. Thus, a reconstruction of extracellular polysaccharides in P.bryantii in response to monensin is proposed, which is expected to have a negative impact on the substrate binding capacities of this rumen bacterium.


Assuntos
Transporte de Íons/efeitos dos fármacos , Monensin/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/metabolismo , Prevotella/efeitos dos fármacos , Ionóforos de Sódio/farmacologia , Animais , Bovinos , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/fisiologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Transporte de Íons/fisiologia , Consumo de Oxigênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Prevotella/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Quinona Redutases/metabolismo , Rúmen/microbiologia , Sódio/metabolismo
11.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 719411, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646784

RESUMO

Patients with Crohn's disease frequently develop oral health problems and show a higher prevalence of oral manifestations, such as dental caries and periodontitis, than healthy individuals do. In this study, a metagenomic analysis was carried out to characterize the salivary microbiota in patients with either periodontitis or Crohn's disease-associated periodontitis. Saliva samples were collected from six patients with both Crohn's disease and periodontitis (Cm group), six patients with periodontitis alone (Pm group), and six healthy individuals (Hm group). Genomic DNA was collected from these samples for high-throughput Illumina HiSeq metagenomic sequencing. The composition of the bacterial communities and their metabolic pathways and gene functions were characterized and compared among the three study groups. The salivary microbial communities were significantly different among the three groups, with Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, and Bacteroidetes showing the most significant differences. The Cm and Pm groups had higher abundances of Bacteroides fragilis, Prevotella baroniae, Prevotella enoeca, and Prevotella dentasini than the Hm group. The Cm and Pm groups also showed differences in their salivary microbial communities, in that the Cm group had relatively high abundances of Firmicutes and Proteobacteria, whereas the Pm group had relatively high abundances of Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Fusobacteria. In total, 34 Pm-associated (e.g., Fusobacteria and Corynebacterium matruchotii), 18 Cm-associated (e.g., Capnocytophaga and Streptococcus oralis), and 18 Hm-associated (e.g., Streptococcus and Bacillales) predominant microbial species were identified. Most genes were involved in carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism, with those of the Cm and Pm groups showing more similarity to one another but significant differences from those of the Hm group. Most of the antibiotic resistance genes were found in the Pm group. In conclusion, the salivary microbial community structure and abundance were distinct among patients with Crohn's disease-associated periodontitis, patients with periodontitis, and healthy individuals. Further studies are needed to evaluate the potential value of these microbiota and microbiome differences in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Cárie Dentária , Microbiota , Periodontite , Corynebacterium , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Humanos , Prevotella , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Saliva
12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 905, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is one of the most virulent forms of mediastinitis. The main causes of high mortality in DNM are believed to stem from difficulty and delay in the diagnosis. Fast and accurate identification of pathogens is important for the treatment of these patients. Metagenomics next-generation sequencing (mNGS) is a powerful tool to identify all kinds of pathogens, especially for rare and complex infections. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old male patient was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with unconsciousness, dyspnea, and swelling in the mandible and neck. Computed tomography (CT) scan results combined with clinical laboratory examination indicated DNM. Vancomycin and imipenem were used, and vacuum sealing drainage was applied for debridement and drainage of the infected area. The positive mNGS results of drainage fluid confirmed the presence of mixed infection caused by Streptococcus anginosus, Prevotella oris, and several other anaerobes. The antibiotics were adjusted to piperacillin/tazobactam and tinidazole according to the mNGS results and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of cultured pathogens. After 11 days of antibiotic therapy, the infection symptoms of the neck and mediastinum improved, and the patient was transferred out of the ICU on the 26th day after negative result of drainage fluid culture. CONCLUSION: This case suggested that mNGS is a promising technology for precise and fast pathogens identification with high sensitivity, which may guide the diagnosis of infectious diseases in the future trend.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Mediastinite , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Mediastinite/diagnóstico , Metagenômica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose , Prevotella
13.
Neurologia (Engl Ed) ; 36(7): 495-503, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537163

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The association between gut microbiota and animal models of multiple sclerosis has been well established; however, studies in humans are scarce. METHODS: We performed a descriptive, cross-sectional study comparing the relative composition of gut microbiota in 30 patients with multiple sclerosis (15 treated with interferon ß-1b, 15 not receiving this treatment) and 14 healthy controls using next generation sequencing. RESULTS: Patients with multiple sclerosis and controls showed differences in the proportion of Euryarchaeota, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Lentisphaerae phyla and in 17 bacterial species. More specifically, we found significant differences in the proportion of Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, and Lentisphaerae and 6 bacteria species between controls and untreated patients; however, these differences disappeared when compared with treated patients. Untreated patients showed a significant reduction in the proportion of Prevotella copri compared to controls, while the bacteria was significantly more abundant in patients treated with interferon ß-1b than in untreated patients, with levels resembling those observed in the healthy control group. CONCLUSION: We observed differences in gut microbiota composition between patients with multiple sclerosis and controls, and between patients treated and not treated with interferon ß-1b. In most cases, no differences were observed between treated patients and healthy controls, particularly for P. copri levels. This suggests that the clinical improvements observed in patients with multiple sclerosis receiving interferon ß-1b may result from the effect of the drug on gut microbiota. Longitudinal and functional studies are necessary to establish a causal relationship.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Interferon beta-1b/uso terapêutico , Esclerose Múltipla , Estudos Transversais , Fezes , Humanos , Esclerose Múltipla/tratamento farmacológico , Prevotella
14.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257627, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Most research into the management of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is in younger women and focuses on sexually transmitted pathogens such as N. gonorrhoeae or C. trachomatis. Non-sexually transmitted bacterial pathogens and PID in older women are rarely examined. The objective of this study is to explore cervical culture pathogens in women of different age groups in a medical center in eastern Taiwan. METHODS: We enrolled patients whose medical records were diagnosed with PID (ICD-9-CM 614.0 [N70.01-03], 614.1[N70.11-13], 614.9 [N73.5, N73.9]) at our hospital from October 2014 to March 2020. Patients were divided into three groups according to age: the age <25 years, age 25-44 years, and the ≥ 45 years group. Chi-square test, ANOVA and logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. In subgroup analysis, endocervical pathogens were further stratified into vaginal, respiratory, enteric, skin, oral, and other. RESULTS: A total of 96 patients were included in the study. There were 31 patients in the age ≥ 45 years group, 52 patients in the age 25-44 years group, and 13 patients in the age <25 years group. Vagina and enteric pathogens were the most common pathogens among all groups. The isolated respiratory and other pathogens were more in the age ≥ 45 years group than in the other two groups. Prevotella bivia was more common in the age <25 years and 25-44 years groups. CONCLUSIONS: This may be due to different pathogeneses of PID in the age ≥ 45 years patients. Our study can be used as a reference for antibiotic choice of non-sexually transmitted PID and to prevent long-term sequelae of PID.


Assuntos
Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/microbiologia , Prevotella/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Pulmão/microbiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pele/microbiologia , Taiwan , Vagina/microbiologia , Vagina/patologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 727630, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490147

RESUMO

Untreated tooth decays affect nearly one third of the world and is the most prevalent disease burden among children. The disease progression of tooth decay is multifactorial and involves a prolonged decrease in pH, resulting in the demineralization of tooth surfaces. Bacterial species that are capable of fermenting carbohydrates contribute to the demineralization process by the production of organic acids. The combined use of machine learning and 16s rRNA sequencing offers the potential to predict tooth decay by identifying the bacterial community that is present in an individual's oral cavity. A few recent studies have demonstrated machine learning predictive modeling using 16s rRNA sequencing of oral samples, but they lack consideration of the multifactorial nature of tooth decay, as well as the role of fungal species within their models. Here, the oral microbiome of mother-child dyads (both healthy and caries-active) was used in combination with demographic-environmental factors and relevant fungal information to create a multifactorial machine learning model based on the LASSO-penalized logistic regression. For the children, not only were several bacterial species found to be caries-associated (Prevotella histicola, Streptococcus mutans, and Rothia muciloginosa) but also Candida detection and lower toothbrushing frequency were also caries-associated. Mothers enrolled in this study had a higher detection of S. mutans and Candida and a higher plaque index. This proof-of-concept study demonstrates the significant impact machine learning could have in prevention and diagnostic advancements for tooth decay, as well as the importance of considering fungal and demographic-environmental factors.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Mães , Criança , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Prevotella , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Streptococcus mutans/genética
16.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e242818, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378656

RESUMO

The study was aimed to assess impact of high fat diet (HFD) and synthetic human gut microbiota (GM) combined with HFD and chow diet (CD) in inducing type-2 diabetes (T2D) using mice model. To our knowledge, this is the first study using selected human GM transplantation via culture based method coupled dietary modulation in mice for in vivo establishment of inflammation leading to T2D and gut dysbiosis. Twenty bacteria (T2D1-T2D20) from stool samples of confirmed T2D subjects were found to be morphologically different and subjected to purification on different media both aerobically and anerobically, which revealed seven bacteria more common among 20 isolates on the basis of biochemical characterization. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequencing, these seven isolates were identified as Bacteroides stercoris (MT152636), Lactobacillus acidophilus (MT152637), Lactobacillus salivarius (MT152638), Ruminococcus bromii (MT152639), Klebsiella aerogenes (MT152640), Bacteroides fragilis (MT152909), Clostridium botulinum (MT152910). The seven isolates were subsequently used as synthetic gut microbiome (GM) for their role in inducing T2D in mice. Inbred strains of albino mice were divided into four groups and were fed with CD, HFD, GM+HFD and GM+CD. Mice receiving HFD and GM+modified diet (CD/HFD) showed highly significant (P<0.05) increase in weight and blood glucose concentration as well as elevated level of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1) compared to mice receiving CD only. The 16S rRNA gene sequencing of 11 fecal bacteria obtained from three randomly selected animals from each group revealed gut dysbiosis in animals receiving GM. Bacterial strains including Bacteroides gallinarum (MT152630), Ruminococcus bromii (MT152631), Lactobacillus acidophilus (MT152632), Parabacteroides gordonii (MT152633), Prevotella copri (MT152634) and Lactobacillus gasseri (MT152635) were isolated from mice treated with GM+modified diet (HFD/CD) compared to strains Akkermansia muciniphila (MT152625), Bacteriodes sp. (MT152626), Bacteroides faecis (MT152627), Bacteroides vulgatus (MT152628), Lactobacillus plantarum (MT152629) which were isolated from mice receiving CD/HFD. In conclusion, these findings suggest that constitution of GM and diet plays significant role in inflammation leading to onset or/and possibly progression of T2D. .


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Bacteroides , Bacteroidetes , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Disbiose , Humanos , Inflamação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Prevotella , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ruminococcus
17.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255446, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is the cause of cardiovascular diseases and other diseases, leading to increased medical costs, and causing a great burden to individuals, families and society. The prevalence of obesity is increasing and has become a global health problem. There is growing evidence that gut microbiota plays an important role in obesity. In this article, we revealed the differences in the gut microbiota between 21 people with obesity and 21 control subjects, and predicted the functional potential changes by 16S rRNA sequencing of the fecal bacteria of the subjects. METHODS: The raw sequencing data of 21 healthy Beijing volunteers was downloaded from Microbial Genome Database System. Microbial 16S rRNA genes of 21 adults with obesity were sequenced on an Illumina MiSeq instrument and analyzed by using bioinformatics and statistical methods. RESULTS: The diversity of gut microbiota in people with obesity decreased significantly. There were significant differences in gut microbiota between the Obesity and Control group at different levels. At the phylum level, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria and Fusobacteria are significantly different between the Obesity and Control group. In people with obesity, the ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes decreased significantly. At the genus level, there were significant differences among the 16 major genera, of which four genera Prevotella, Megamonas, Fusobacterium and Blautia increased significantly in people with obesity, while the remaining 12 genera, Faecalibacterium, Lachnospiracea_incertae_sedis, Gemmiger and Clostridium XlVa, etc. decreased significantly. At the species level, nine species including Bacteroides uniformis and Prevotella copri had significant differences. Compared with the control group, subjects with obesity were abnormalities in 57 pathways, mainly in Carbohydrate metabolism and Lipid metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our study revealed differences in the gut microbiota between people with obesity and control subjects, providing novel target for the treatment of individuals with obesity.


Assuntos
Bacteroides , Prevotella , Adulto , Disbiose , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S
18.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361691

RESUMO

Lactobacillus crispatus is the dominant species in the vagina of many women. With the potential for strains of this species to be used as a probiotic to help prevent and treat dysbiosis, we investigated isolates from vaginal swabs with Lactobacillus-dominated and a dysbiotic microbiota. A comparative genome analysis led to the identification of metabolic pathways for synthesis and degradation of three major biogenic amines in most strains. However, targeted metabolomic analysis of the production and degradation of biogenic amines showed that certain strains have either the ability to produce or to degrade these compounds. Notably, six strains produced cadaverine, one produced putrescine, and two produced tyramine. These biogenic amines are known to raise vaginal pH, cause malodour, and make the environment more favourable to vaginal pathogens. In vitro experiments confirmed that strains isolated from women with a dysbiotic vaginal microbiota have higher antimicrobial effects against the common urogenital pathogens Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecium. The results indicate that not all L. crispatus vaginal strains appear suitable for probiotic application and the basis for selection should not be only the overall composition of the vaginal microbiota of the host from which they came, but specific biochemical and genetic traits.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Aminas Biogênicas/metabolismo , Doenças Urogenitais Femininas/metabolismo , Doenças Urogenitais Femininas/microbiologia , Lactobacillus crispatus/metabolismo , Microbiota , Vagina/microbiologia , Candida albicans/metabolismo , Disbiose/metabolismo , Disbiose/microbiologia , Enterococcus faecium/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Feminino , Genômica/métodos , Humanos , Lactobacillus crispatus/classificação , Lactobacillus crispatus/genética , Metaboloma , Metabolômica/métodos , Filogenia , Prevotella/metabolismo , Probióticos/metabolismo
19.
Indian J Med Res ; 153(4): 492-502, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380796

RESUMO

Background & objectives: The vaginal microbiota undergoes subtle changes during pregnancy and may affect several aspects of pregnancy outcomes. There has been no comprehensive study characterizing the gestational vaginal and gut microbiota and the dynamics of the microbiota with oral probiotics among Indian women. Hence, the study was aimed to explore the microbiota of pregnant women with normal microbiota and bacterial vaginosis (BV) environments and the effect of oral probiotics on the microbiota and the BV status in these women. Methods: Using high-throughput Illumina-MiSeq sequencing approach, the 16S rRNA gene amplicons were analyzed and the vaginal and gut microbiota of pregnant women with and without BV and pre- and post-probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14) intervention for a month was characterized. Results: The study revealed a compositional difference in the vaginal and gut microbiota between BV and healthy pregnant women. The vaginal microbiota of healthy women was characteristically predominated by Lactobacillus helveticus, followed by L. iners and L. gasseri; in contrast, women positive for BV harboured higher α-diversity and had lower abundance of L. helveticus. Similarly, Prevotella copri, a gut microbe, associated with normal environment was detected in the vaginal samples of all pregnant women without BV, it remained undetected in women with the infection, while all women with BV had Gardnerella vaginalis, which decreased significantly with probiotic treatment. Gut microbiota also revealed dominant abundance of P. copri in healthy women, whereas it was significantly lower in women with BV. The bacterial clade, P. copri abundance increased from 9.17 to 16.49 per cent in the probiotic group and reduced from 7.75 to 4.84 per cent in the placebo group. Interpretation & conclusions: This study showed gestational vaginal and gut microbiota differences in normal and BV environments. With probiotic treatment, the dynamics of L. helveticus and P. copri hint towards a possible role of probiotics in modulating the vaginal microbiota.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Probióticos , Vaginose Bacteriana , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Gestantes , Prevotella , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Vagina
20.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 649940, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422675

RESUMO

Co-infections with sexually transmittable pathogens are common and more likely in women with disturbed vaginal bacteriome. Among those pathogens, the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) is most common after accounting for the highly persistent DNA viruses human papillomavirus (HPV) and genital herpes. The parasitic infection often concurs with the dysbiotic syndrome diagnosed as bacterial vaginosis (BV) and both are associated with risks of superimposed viral infections. Yet, the mechanisms of microbial synergisms in evading host immunity remain elusive. We present clinical and experimental evidence for a new role of galectins, glycan-sensing family of proteins, in mixed infections. We assessed participants of the HIV Epidemiology Research Study (HERS) at each of their incident TV visits (223 case visits) matched to controls who remained TV-negative throughout the study. Matching criteria included age, race, BV (by Nugent score), HIV status, hysterectomy, and contraceptive use. Non-matched variables included BV status at 6 months before the matched visit, and variables examined at baseline, within 6 months of and/or at the matched visit e.g. HSV-2, HPV, and relevant laboratory and socio-demographic parameters. Conditional logistic regression models using generalized estimating equations calculated odds ratios (OR) for incident TV occurrence with each log10 unit higher cervicovaginal concentration of galectins and cytokines. Incident TV was associated with higher levels of galectin-1, galectin-9, IL-1ß and chemokines (ORs 1.53 to 2.91, p <0.001). Galectin-9, IL-1ß and chemokines were up and galectin-3 down in TV cases with BV or intermediate Nugent versus normal Nugent scores (p <0.001). Galectin-9, IL-1ß and chemokines were up in TV-HIV and down in TV-HPV co-infections. In-vitro, TV synergized with its endosymbiont Trichomonasvirus (TVV) and BV bacteria to upregulate galectin-1, galectin-9, and inflammatory cytokines. The BV-bacterium Prevotella bivia alone and together with TV downregulated galectin-3 and synergistically upregulated galectin-1, galectin-9 and IL-1ß, mirroring the clinical findings of mixed TV-BV infections. P. bivia also downregulated TVV+TV-induced anti-viral response e.g. IP-10 and RANTES, providing a mechanism for conducing viral persistence in TV-BV co-infections. Collectively, the experimental and clinical data suggest that galectin-mediated immunity may be dysregulated and exploited by viral-protozoan-bacterial synergisms exacerbating inflammatory complications from dysbiosis and sexually transmitted infections.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Vaginite por Trichomonas , Viroses , Bactérias , Feminino , Galectina 3 , Humanos , Prevotella
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...