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1.
Psychoanal Q ; 91(4): 709-740, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36576045

RESUMO

The author focuses on the workings of the female analyst-male pair in the consulting room when sexual feelings emerge as part of the adolescent storm. The need for open-bodiedness in relation to the perception of the bodily states of both the analyst and analysand is described and discussed. The author shows how somatic countertransference, reverie, and projective identification are harnessed creatively in the service of transformation. The importance of the third to help provide an analytic space for thought and meaning, rather than enactment and impasse, is discussed. The trajectory from the analyst's wish to silence sexual transference and countertransference in the consulting room, followed by the analyst's initial reluctance to discuss the hot feelings with colleagues, and then the impact of publication anxiety when writing through the experiences and revising this paper is described.


Assuntos
Contratransferência , Terapia Psicanalítica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Transferência Psicológica , Projeção , Emoções
2.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277113, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417370

RESUMO

In this paper, we project Skills in Literacy Adjusted Mean Years of Schooling (SLAMYS) for the working age population in 45 countries and quinquennial time periods until 2050 according to various population scenarios. Moreover, we integrate the effect of school closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic on these projections. Adult skills are projected using the cohort components method. They can help in assessing the potential consequences of the recent trends for the adult population, particularly the workforce, whose skills are essential for the jobs contributing to economic growth and development outlooks. Our projections are novel as they take into account both the amount of schooling and quality of education and also consider the changes in adult skills through lifetime. Projections show that the adult skills gap between countries in the Global North and countries in the Global South will likely continue to exist by 2050, even under very optimistic assumptions-but may widen or narrow depending on the demographic development trajectories specific to each country. Moreover, the loss of learning due to school closures during the COVID-19 pandemic further exacerbates inequalities between countries. Particularly, in countries where schools have been closed for a prolonged period of time and the infrastructure for effective online schooling is lacking, the skills of cohorts who were in school during the pandemic have been severely affected. The fact that the duration of school closures has been longer in many low- and middle-income countries is a serious concern for achieving global human capital equality. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is projected to erase decades-long gains in adult skills for affected cohorts unless policies to mitigate learning loss are implemented immediately.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Projeção , Instituições Acadêmicas , Escolaridade
3.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277472, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395109

RESUMO

Forecasting household assets provides a better opportunity to plan their socioeconomic activities for the future. Fractional mathematical models offer to model the asset-holding data into a piece of scientific evidence in addition to forecasting their future value. This research focuses on the development of a new fractional mathematical model based on the wealth index quintile (WIQ) data. To accomplish the objective, we used the system of coupled fractional differential equations by defining the fractional term with the Caputo derivative and verified it with the stability tests considering the steady-state solution. A numerical solution of the model was obtained using the Adams-Bashforth-Moulton method. To validate the model, we used real-time data obtained from the household series of surveys in Punjab, Pakistan. Different case studies that elucidate the effect of quintiles on the population are also presented. The accuracy of results between real-world and simulated data was compared using absolute and relative errors. The synchronization between the simulated results and real-time data verifies the formulation of the fractional WIQ model. This fractional model can be utilized to predict the approximation of the asset-holding of the households. Due to its relative nature, the model also provides the opportunity for the researchers to use the WIQs of their respective regions to forecast the households' socioeconomic conditions.


Assuntos
Características da Família , Projeção , Modelos Teóricos , Coleta de Dados , Paquistão
4.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 15(4)October - December 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-210186

RESUMO

Clinical relevanceConvergence insufficiency (CI) at an early age can lead to learning difficulties affecting school performance. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of CI in a non-clinical population of Spanish children using well defined clinical criteria and to determine whether sex is a risk factor.MethodsVisual acuity and binocular vision tests were performed in 628 children aged 6–14 years (mean age 9.6 ± 1.3 years) at three schools in the Madrid Community, Spain. To assess CI prevalence we used CITT (Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial) criteria. The three signs considered were: i) exophoria at least 4∆ greater at near than at far; ii) near break point of convergence (NPC) ≥ 6 cm; and iii) reduced positive fusional vergence (PFV) at near (≤ 15∆ base-out break or failed Sheard's criterion).ResultsThe CI prevalence detected was 5.30% (33 children). Proportions of children with one or two signs of CI were 23.76% (148 children) and 12.20% (76 children), respectively. No differences in these CI rates by sex were detected.ConclusionThe clinically significant CI prevalence observed here suggests the need for more binocular vision screening programmes in school settings. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Acomodação Ocular , Convergência Ocular , Transtornos da Motilidade Ocular/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Espanha , Projeção
5.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0275472, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36173994

RESUMO

Identifying differentially expressed genes is difficult because of the small number of available samples compared with the large number of genes. Conventional gene selection methods employing statistical tests have the critical problem of heavy dependence of P-values on sample size. Although the recently proposed principal component analysis (PCA) and tensor decomposition (TD)-based unsupervised feature extraction (FE) has often outperformed these statistical test-based methods, the reason why they worked so well is unclear. In this study, we aim to understand this reason in the context of projection pursuit (PP) that was proposed a long time ago to solve the problem of dimensions; we can relate the space spanned by singular value vectors with that spanned by the optimal cluster centroids obtained from K-means. Thus, the success of PCA- and TD-based unsupervised FE can be understood by this equivalence. In addition to this, empirical threshold adjusted P-values of 0.01 assuming the null hypothesis that singular value vectors attributed to genes obey the Gaussian distribution empirically corresponds to threshold-adjusted P-values of 0.1 when the null distribution is generated by gene order shuffling. For this purpose, we newly applied PP to the three data sets to which PCA and TD based unsupervised FE were previously applied; these data sets treated two topics, biomarker identification for kidney cancers (the first two) and the drug discovery for COVID-19 (the thrid one). Then we found the coincidence between PP and PCA or TD based unsupervised FE is pretty well. Shuffling procedures described above are also successfully applied to these three data sets. These findings thus rationalize the success of PCA- and TD-based unsupervised FE for the first time.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ordem dos Genes , Genômica , Humanos , Análise de Componente Principal , Projeção
6.
Psychoanal Q ; 91(2): 371-393, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36036946

RESUMO

Neutrality remains a key concept underpinning the psychoanalytic attitude, but its operation in the clinical setting must be reconfigured if the countertransference is to be used as a source of data, conveyed by projective identification. Subjective responses thus mobilized in the analyst need to be processed before attention can return to the evenly suspended state, from which greater objectivity flows. Theory, internalized as part of the analyst's emotional learning, operates preconsciously in the session; in clinical work with racial matters this includes, crucially, familiarity with internal racism, of which a model is briefly described. These ideas are illustrated via two clinical vignettes in which these themes are traced.


Assuntos
Contratransferência , Psicanálise , Teoria Psicanalítica , Racismo , Humanos , Relações Médico-Paciente , Projeção , Terapia Psicanalítica , Teste de Realidade
7.
Int J Psychoanal ; 103(2): 307-327, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440268

RESUMO

This essay relies on the somatising identification mechanism, conceived to account for the delayed effects of projective identifications on the body, in this case by immunodeficiency. Three clinical cases with a similar dynamic will lead the author to deduce the mechanisms at work in the double operation of transduction from the psychic to the somatic, and transmission from one generation to the next. In each case, borderline mothers have suffered from their father's lack of interest and seem to be using their daughter to take revenge narcissistically. Defenceless, the latter grow in a state of resignation and it is their own daughters who become sometimes bubble babies, sometimes neutropenic or who develops juvenile arthritis. The initial obstacle to oedipal structuring appears as the trigger of these transgenerational pathologies whose somatic outcome would be the return of a denied symbolic castration. Destructive aggression is the common thread that most likely involves epigenetic modifications. To comprehend this type of alteration happening at the passage from psychic to somatic, a splitting of the primordial self is postulated at the undifferentiated level of the protomental. It is from this originary intersection, contained in a pre-object transitionality, that psychic and somatic paths are initiated. Bion and de M'Uzan serve as main references, as well as Anzieu and Green.


Assuntos
Agressão , Projeção , Agressão/psicologia , Humanos , Lactente , Violência
8.
J Insur Med ; 49(2): 97-104, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339512

RESUMO

We have recently constructed tables of the estimated life expectancies of impaired lives on the basis of mortality ratios and the cohort life expectancy tables given in the 8th edition of the Ogden Tables, which are derived from the ONS 2018-based population projections for the United Kingdom.1,2 The life expectancy of impaired lives may also be estimated using excess death rates. In this paper, we give tables of life expectancies for impaired lives using a range of excess death rates for males and females from age 0 to age 100. As both mortality ratios and excess death rates are widely used in medical and legal settings, it is hoped that these additional tables of life expectancies will be of practical value.


Assuntos
Expectativa de Vida , Projeção , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Tábuas de Vida , Masculino , Mortalidade , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
9.
repert. med. cir ; 31(1): 1-2, 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1363752

RESUMO

Nuestra institución universitaria cuenta con tres funciones sustantivas que son docencia, proyección social e investigación. Desde el año pasado se vienen alineando las dependencias para corresponder con cada una de las mismas, siendo este el motivo por el que la Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud generó una modificación importante en su organigrama al gestar dos nuevas vicerrectorías, que acompañan a la reconocida vicerrectoría académica, y lideran las funciones sustantivas de proyección social e investigación, siendo subordinadas de nuestra Rectoría con el fin de alcanzar las metas institucionales planeadas. En medio de esos cambios es para mí un honor haber sido designado desde septiembre del año anterior por el Consejo Superior como el nuevo Vicerrector de Proyección Social, cargo en el que tendré la labor de dirigir áreas que son reconocidas por el cumplimiento de sus objetivos y por sus interacciones con todas las dependencias de la universidad, así como con diversas entidades en el entorno local, distrital, nacional e internacional.


Assuntos
Pesquisa , Ensino , Ciências da Saúde , Objetivos Organizacionais , Projeção , Organizações
10.
J Am Psychoanal Assoc ; 69(1): 51-74, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845638

RESUMO

Melanie Klein and André Green offer competing descriptions of primitive mental development. The former emphasizes the need to control internal objects through splitting and projective identification, while the latter emphasizes a narcissistic retreat from objects through progressive deadening of the self. To bridge these theoretical differences a spectrum of fantasies is proposed ranging from reanimation (bringing deadness back to life) to reparation (healing damage caused by paranoid attack). Clinically, alternations between these two defensive patterns occur, acting together to avoid painful anxieties. The interplay of these defenses is illustrated by a dream drawn from clinical practice, from the life of James Barrie, and from his fictional creation Peter Pan.


Assuntos
Mães , Projeção , Fantasia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Narcisismo
11.
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378226

RESUMO

La Universidad Católica de Córdoba (Argentina) ha implementado una política de proyección social desde el año 2011, la cual forma parte de un objetivo central a nivel institucional: concebir las funciones sustantivas y centrales de la universidad desde la gestión socialmente responsable. La búsqueda de este objetivo tiene su sustento en el paradigma educativo ignaciano, el cual busca incidir desde allí en la formación de los futuros graduados. Frente a ello, se plantea una investigación que busca indagar sobre el impacto que logra en la formación de los graduados la política de proyección social bajo el enfoque de Responsabilidad Social Universitaria adoptado por la Universidad Católica de Córdoba. Una etapa esencial de esta investigación es lograr caracterizar la política mencionada a los fines de correlacionar los procesos educativos de acuerdo al paradigma educativo adoptado en la universidad con respecto a la formación y el perfil de sus graduados. Esta caracterización se realizó a partir de un enfoque analítico interpretativo, retrospectivo y transversal, desarrollado a través de un diseño metodológico cualitativo, basado en análisis documental y entrevistas en profundidad con los referentes institucionales. Los resultados de caracterización de la PPS permitieron considerar dos categorías de análisis: por un lado, el vínculo de la Universidad con la comunidad de acuerdo a propiedades prestablecidas, y por otro, el impacto de la política sobre los futuros graduados de acuerdo al paradigma educativo adoptado. Ante la carencia de herramientas adecuadas de evaluación de impacto formativo en los perfiles de los egresados universitarios, esta investigación pretende contribuir con avances instrumentales útiles en la medición de la efectividad de la política de proyección social de la Universidad Católica de Córdoba, los cuales poseen la potencialidad de hacerse extensivos para su empleo en otras universidades confiadas a la Compañía de Jesús, y de la región


The Catholic University of Córdoba (Argentina) has implemented a social projection policy since 2011, which is part of a central objective at the institutional level: to conceive the substantive and central functions of the university from socially responsible management. The search for this objective is supported by the Ignatian educational paradigm, which seeks to influence the training of future graduates from there. Faced with this, an investigation is proposed that seeks to investigate the impact that the policy of social projection, under the approach of University Social Responsibility, adopted by the Catholic University of Córdoba achieves in the training of graduates. An essential stage of this research is to characterise the aforementioned policy in order to correlate the educational processes according to the educational paradigm adopted at the university with respect to the training and profile of its graduates. This characterisation was carried out from an interpretive, retrospective and cross-sectional analytical approach, developed through a qualitative methodological design, based on documentary analysis and indepth interviews with institutional referents. The results of the characterisation of the PPS allowed considering two categories of analysis: on the one hand, the link between the University and the community according to pre-established properties, and on the other, the impact of the policy on future graduates according to the adopted educational paradigm. Given the lack of adequate tools for evaluating the training impact on the profiles of university graduates, this research aims to contribute with useful instrumental advances in measuring the effectiveness of the social projection policy of the Catholic University of Córdoba, which have the potential to be extended for employment in other universities entrusted to the Society of Jesus, and in the region.


Assuntos
Responsabilidade Social , Universidades , Projeção , Pesquisa , Efetividade , Políticas
12.
Ther Innov Regul Sci ; 54(6): 1359-1362, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258095

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly spreading throughout the world after emerging in China in December 2019. Currently, there are no approved treatments for COVID-19 based on large clinical trial data, and hence, management involves infection prevention and control measures and supportive care. With anecdotal reports and in vitro studies suggesting that certain medicines already in use for treatment of other conditions could be viable treatment options, there has been an increased demand for these therapies which could have adverse consequences on patients and healthcare systems. Toxicity from these medicines resulting from a mad rush for them at community pharmacies and pressure on physicians to prescribe for individuals who do not have the infection are worth noting. Furthermore, the indiscriminate use of these medicines could result in viral resistance as well as acute shortage such that patients who routinely take them for other conditions may not get them.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pneumonia Viral , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , China , Cloroquina/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Prova Pericial , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Farmacovigilância , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Projeção , SARS-CoV-2
13.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240232, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035252

RESUMO

Biases perpetuate when people think that they are innocent whereas others are guilty of biases. We examined whether people would detect biased thinking and behavior in others but not themselves as influenced by preexisting beliefs (myside bias) and social stigmas (social biases). The results of three large studies showed that, across demographic groups, participants attributed more biases to others than to themselves, and that this self-other asymmetry was particularly salient among those who hold strong beliefs about the existence of biases (Study 1 and Study 2). The self-other asymmetry in bias recognition dissipated when participants made simultaneous predictions about others' and their own thoughts and behaviors (Study 3). People thus exhibit bias in bias recognition, and this metacognitive bias may be remedied when it is highlighted to people that we are all susceptible to biasing influences.


Assuntos
Preconceito/psicologia , Autoimagem , Estigma Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cultura , Feminino , Características Humanas , Humanos , Masculino , Metacognição , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projeção , Adulto Jovem
14.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3493-3496, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018756

RESUMO

Electrocorticography (ECoG)-based bi-directional (BD) brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are a forthcoming technology promising to help restore function to those with motor and sensory deficits. A major problem with this paradigm is that the cortical stimulation necessary to elicit artificial sensation creates strong electrical artifacts that can disrupt BCI operation by saturating recording amplifiers or obscuring useful neural signal. Even with state-of-the-art hardware artifact suppression methods, robust signal processing techniques are still required to suppress residual artifacts that are present at the digital back-end. Herein we demonstrate the effectiveness of a pre-whitening and null projection artifact suppression method using ECoG data recorded during a clinical neurostimulation procedure. Our method achieved a maximum artifact suppression of 21.49 dB and significantly increased the number of artifact-free frequencies in the frequency domain. This performance surpasses that of a more traditional independent component analysis methodology, while retaining a reduced complexity and increased computational efficiency.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Eletrocorticografia , Artefatos , Projeção , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador
15.
Mol Ecol ; 29(18): 3397-3399, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772443

RESUMO

Urban evolutionary biology is the study of rapid evolutionary change in response to humans and our uses of land to support city dwellers. Because cities are relatively modern additions to the natural world, research on urban evolution tends to focus on microevolutionary change that has happened across a few to many hundreds of generations. These questions still fall under the broad purview of evolutionary ecology. However, the severity, rapidity and replication of environmental changes that drive evolution in this context make it worthy of specific attention. Urban evolution provides the opportunity to study the earliest stages of evolution in a context that is scientifically interesting and societally important. The newness of urban populations and their proximity to natural populations also creates challenges when trying to detect population genetic change. In a From the Cover article in this issue of Molecular Ecology, Mueller et al. use whole genome resequencing data to address some of these challenges while exploring genetic changes associated with urbanization in three replicate urban-rural burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia) populations. Combining multiple approaches across these sample sites Mueller et al. find evidence for selection on genes whose function is related to synapses, neuron projections, brain connectivity and cognitive function in general. That selection was parallel suggests that phenotypes related to brain processes were probably particularly important for urban adaptation.


Assuntos
Evolução Biológica , Genômica , Cidades , Humanos , Neurônios , Projeção , Sinapses , Urbanização
17.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 23(1): 57-65, Jan.-Apr. 2020. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1059219

RESUMO

RESUMO: Considerando que Thomas Ogden é um dos psicanalistas representantes da psicanálise contemporânea transmatricial (FIGUEIREDO; COELHO JÚNIOR, 2018), o artigo apresenta a passagem e transformação do conceito de identificação projetiva (KLEIN, 1946) para o de terceiro analítico (OGDEN, 1994) por meio da análise e discussão de publicações do autor, em que faz articulações tanto com conceitos de Winnicott, quanto de Bion. Para Ogden, os conceitos são metáforas que nomeiam diferentes aspectos do funcionamento mental, e as transformações conceituais estariam, então, nos pequenos deslizamentos de sentidos, nas sutilezas do texto e no uso diverso das expressões.


Abstract: Considering Thomas Ogden is one of the psychoanalysts representing the contemporary transmatrix psychoanalysis (FIGUEIREDO; COELHO JÚNIOR, 2018), the article presents the passage and transformation from the projective identification concept (KLEIN, 1946) into the analytic third (OGDEN, 1994) by means of the analysis and discussions of publications by the author, in which he makes articulations both with Winnicott's and Bion's concepts. To Ogden, concepts are metaphors which name different aspects of the mental functioning, and the conceptual transformations are, therefore, in the small changes in meaning, in the subtlety of the text and the diverse use of expressions.


Assuntos
Humanos , Projeção , Psicanálise , Terapia Psicanalítica , Ego
18.
J Pers Soc Psychol ; 119(6): 1380-1402, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32105100

RESUMO

The current research examined accuracy and bias in racial metaperceptions-perceptions of others' attitudes toward one's racial group-within the context of interracial relationships, as well as implications of these metaperceptions for the quality of interracial relationships. Two dyadic studies of interracial relationships involving Black and White participants suggest that racial metaperceptions were partly accurate, related to relationship partners' racial attitudes. In addition, 3 distinct biases in racial metaperceptions were identified, including assumed reciprocity (i.e., perceivers assuming their attitudes toward their partners' racial group are reciprocated by those partners), projection (i.e., perceivers assuming their attitudes toward their own group are shared by partners), and confirmation bias (i.e., perceivers viewing partners' racial attitudes in ways that are consistent with their chronic expectations about being the target of prejudice). In turn, both accurate and biased racial metaperceptions appeared to have implications for the quality of interracial relationships, including relationship satisfaction, perceived regard, relationship commitment, and prosocial behavior. Implications of these findings are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Atitude , Relações Interpessoais , Preconceito , Projeção , Relações Raciais , Parceiros Sexuais , Percepção Social , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Racismo
19.
Brain Behav ; 10(2): e01531, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944630

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injuries are devastating, with many complications beyond paralysis and loss of sensory function. Although spinal cord regeneration can revolutionize treatment for spinal cord injuries, the goal has not yet been achieved. The regenerative mechanism of axolotls demonstrates that the regeneration is a repeat of developmental process that all animals have all the genes, but axolotls have both the genes and the patterning information to do it at the adult stage. METHODS: A narrative review was conducted. Relevant studies were collected via an English-language PubMed database search and those known to the authors. RESULTS: Research during the past 30 years reveals that growth factors, along with spinal cord extracellular matrix, especially glycosaminoglycans, regulates axonal regrowth. Degrading chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycans by injecting the bacterial enzyme chondroitinase improves axonal sprouting and functional recovery after spinal cord injury in both rodents and rhesus monkeys. Furthermore, the brain is one of the first organs to develop during the embryonic period, and heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans are key molecules required for brain development. CONCLUSIONS: Patterning information residing in glycosaminoglycans might be key elements in restricting spinal cord regeneration. A recommended solution is not to edit the human genome, considering the conserved signaling pathways between animals, but to take advantage of the regenerative mechanism of axolotls and the current knowledge about the pattern-forming glycosaminoglycans for successful spinal cord regeneration and clinical applications.


Assuntos
Glicosaminoglicanos/fisiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Regeneração da Medula Espinal/fisiologia , Ambystoma mexicanum/fisiologia , Animais , Pesquisa Biomédica , Humanos , Projeção , Transdução de Sinais
20.
J Pers Assess ; 102(4): 573-583, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157989

RESUMO

Limit testing in psychological assessment is understood typically as a unidirectional technique in which the assessor intentionally introduces a parameter(s) in the service of data gathering by modifying standard procedures. Other parameters are introduced as conflict-based enactments tied to projective identification processes, and represent modifications in the assessment framework. Such modifications, abstracted from the psychotherapy literature, include atypical shifts in the assessor's usual practices concerning fees, scheduling, confidentiality, privacy, anonymity, administrative and technical procedure, and intervention style. In this article, I suggest that most framework modifications, if analyzed, hold the promise of an incremental data yield. These points are illustrated through discussion of (a) the assessment frame, enactments, and projective identification; (b) transference-countertransference interplay in response to frame issues; (c) 2 Rorschach responses that symbolically reflect enactments and projective identification; (d) interaction with coding consultants; (e) configurational analyses of the Rorschach responses; (f) patient-assessor and assessor-consultant parallel processes; and (g) test feedback.


Assuntos
Relações Profissional-Paciente , Projeção , Testes Psicológicos , Transferência Psicológica , Adulto , Humanos
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