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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245202, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285622

RESUMO

Abstract Although propolis has been reported for having anti-inflammatory activities, its effects on complement system has not been much studied. This research was conducted to find out the effects of Indonesian propolis on the expression levels of C3, C1r/s, Bf, MBL, and C6 in zebrafish larvae which were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Counting of macrophages migrating to yolk sac and liver histology were carried out. Larvae were divided into four groups: CON (cultured in E3 medium only), LPS (cultured in a medium containing 0.5 μg/L LPS), LPSIBU (cultured in a medium containing LPS, and then treated with 100 μg/L ibuprofen for 24 hours), and LPSPRO (cultured in a medium containing LPS, and then immersed in 14,000 μg/L propolis for 24 hours) groups. The results showed that complement gene expression in larvae from the LPSIBU and LPSPRO groups were generally lower than in larvae from the LPS group. The number of macrophage migrations to the yolk in the LPSPRO group was also lower than in the LPS group. Histological structure of liver in all groups were considered normal. This study shows that Indonesian propolis has the potential to be used as an alternative to the substitution of NSAIDs.


Resumo Embora a própolis tenha sido relatada por ter atividade anti-inflamatória, seus efeitos no sistema complemento, uma parte do sistema imunológico inato, não foram muito estudados. Esta pesquisa foi conduzida para descobrir os efeitos da própolis da Indonésia nos níveis de expressão de C3, C1r/s, Bf, MBL e C6 em larvas de peixe-zebra induzidas por lipopolissacarídeo (LPS). Foram realizadas contagens de macrófagos que migram para o saco vitelino e histologia do fígado. As larvas foram divididas em quatro grupos: CON (cultivadas apenas em meio E3), LPS (cultivadas em meio contendo 0,5 μg/L de LPS), LPSIBU (cultivadas em meio contendo LPS e, em seguida, tratadas com 100 μg/L de ibuprofeno por 24 horas) e LPSPRO (cultivado em meio contendo LPS, e então imerso em própolis 14,000 μg/L por 24 horas). Os resultados mostraram que a expressão do gene do complemento em larvas dos grupos LPSIBU e LPSPRO foi geralmente menor que em larvas do grupo LPS. O número de migrações de macrófagos para a gema no grupo LPSPRO também foi menor que no grupo LPS. A estrutura histológica do fígado em todos os grupos foi considerada normal. Este estudo mostra que a própolis indonésia tem potencial para ser utilizada como alternativa na substituição dos AINEs (anti-inflamatórios não esteroides).


Assuntos
Animais , Própole/farmacologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Indonésia , Larva/genética
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6269, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428784

RESUMO

Ultra-small gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) "≤ 10 nm diameters" have potent biomedical applications. Hence, the present study aimed to greenly synthesize ultra-small gold nanoparticles using Egyptian propolis extract. Different biological activities, in vivo bio-distribution and acute toxicity study were assessed. Results revealed that, Egyptian propolis extract can successfully synthesize the highly pure and stable ultra-small Au-NPs with average diameter 7.8 nm. In vitro antimicrobial and antimycobacterial activities revealed the powerful effect of the prepared Au-NPs. Moreover, the cytotoxic effect on human cancer cell lines revealed the potent inhibition of the cancer cells' proliferation with high reactive oxygen species-mediated apoptosis induction. In vivo bio-distribution and acute toxicity studies were performed (10 and 100 mg/kg doses) in male albino rats. The ultra-small Au-NPs showed low or no toxicity upon using the Au-NPs low dose. The mean area accumulation (%) of the Au-NPs was higher in the liver, kidney, and brain tissues (4.41, 2.96, and 0.3 times, respectively) treated with high Au-NPs dosage compared to those treated with the low dose. Surprisingly, Au-NP accumulation in brain tissue was observed in the glial cells only. Accordingly, the low dose (10 mg/kg) of Au-NPs can be used safely in a variety of biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Própole , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Ouro/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
3.
Molecules ; 27(7)2022 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408710

RESUMO

A load-bearing matrix filled with biologically active compounds is an efficient method for transporting them to the target location. Bee-made propolis has long been known as a natural product with antibacterial and antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antifungal properties, and anti-oxidative activity. The aim of the research is to obtain stable propolis/PVA solutions and produce fibers by electrospinning. To increase propolis content in fibers as much as possible, various types of propolis extracts were used. As a result of the research, micro- and nano-fiber webs were obtained, the possible use of which have biomedical and bioprotective applications. All used materials are edible and safe for humans, and fiber webs were prepared without using any toxic agent. This strategy overcomes propolis processing problems due to limitations to its solubility. The integration of different combinations of extracts allows more than 73 wt% of propolis to be incorporated into the fibers. The spinning solution preparation method was adapted to each type of propolis, and by combining the methods, solutions with different propolis extracts were obtained. Firstly, the total content of flavonoids in the propolis extracts was determined for the assessment and prediction of bioactivity. The properties of the extracts relevant for the preparation of electrospinning solutions were also evaluated. Secondly, the most appropriate choice of PVA molecular weight was made in order not to subject the propolis to too high temperatures (to save resources and not reduce the bioactivity of propolis) during the solution preparation process and to obtain fibers with the smallest possible diameter (for larger surface-to-volume ratios of nanofibers and high porosity). Third, electrospinning solutions were evaluated (viscosity, pH, conductivity and density, shelf life) before and after the addition of propolis to predict the maximum propolis content in the fibers and spinning stability. Each solution combination was spun using a cylindrical type electrode (suitable for industrial production) and tested for a stable electrospinning process. Using adapted solution-mixing sequences, all the obtained solutions were spun stably, and homogeneous fibers were obtained without major defects.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Própole , Nanofibras/química , Extratos Vegetais , Porosidade , Própole/química , Viscosidade
4.
Trials ; 23(1): 255, 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic continues to spread and affects large numbers of people with unprecedented impacts. Experimental evidence has already been obtained for use of the standardized extract of Brazilian green propolis (EPP-AF) against viral targets, and clinical rationality has been demonstrated for testing this extract as an adjunct to treatment in patients affected by COVID-19. The BeeCovid2 study aims to assess whether EPP-AF has an impact on the improvement of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 by reducing the length of hospital stay. METHODS: BeeCovid2 is a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical study being conducted in Brazil to provide further evidence on the effectiveness of standardized green propolis extract as an adjunctive treatment for adults hospitalized with COVID-19. Hospitalized patients over 18 years of age with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 and up to 14 days of symptoms were included. Patients under mechanical ventilation at randomization, pregnant women, cancer patients, transplanted or using immunosuppression, HIV patients, patients who used propolis in the last 30 days, bacterial or fungal infection at randomization, impossibility of using medication orally or enterally, and advanced chronic diseases (e.g., advanced heart failure, severe liver disease, and end-stage chronic kidney disease). Enrolled patients are randomized at a 1:1 ratio to receive placebo or standardized propolis extract (900 mg/day) for 10 days. The study treatments are administered in a double-blinded manner, and patients are followed for 28 days. The primary outcome is the difference in length of hospital stay in days between groups. Secondary outcomes include the need for mechanical ventilation, the rate of secondary infection, rate of acute kidney injury, the need for renal replacement therapy, the requirement for vasoactive drugs, the use of an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), and the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). DISCUSSION: This trial is very useful and will provide more data on the effectiveness of using the standardized Brazilian green propolis extract as an adjunctive treatment in association with standard care in adults hospitalized with moderate to severe acute COVID-19. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04800224 . Registered on March 16, 2021.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por HIV , Própole , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais , Gravidez , Própole/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
5.
Molecules ; 27(8)2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458758

RESUMO

Herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2) infection causes a significant life-long disease. Long-term side effects of antiviral drugs can lead to the emergence of drug resistance. Thus, propolis, a natural product derived from beehives, has been proposed to prevent or treat HSV-2 infections. Unfortunately, therapeutic applications of propolis are still limited due its poor solubility. To overcome this, a nanoparticle-based drug delivery system was employed. An ethanolic extract of propolis (EEP) was encapsulated in nanoparticles composed of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and chitosan using a modified oil-in-water single emulsion by using the solvent evaporation method. The produced nanoparticles (EEP-NPs) had a spherical shape with a size of ~450 nm and presented satisfactory physicochemical properties, including positively charged surface (38.05 ± 7.65 mV), high entrapment efficiency (79.89 ± 13.92%), and sustained release profile. Moreover, EEP-NPs were less cytotoxic on Vero cells and exhibited anti-HSV-2 activity. EEP-NPs had a direct effect on the inactivation of viral particles, and also disrupted the virion entry and release from the host cells. A significant decrease in the expression levels of the HSV-2 replication-related genes (ICP4, ICP27, and gB) was also observed. Our study suggests that EEP-NPs provide a strong anti-HSV-2 activity and serve as a promising platform for the treatment of HSV-2 infections.


Assuntos
Herpes Simples , Nanopartículas , Própole , Animais , Chlorocebus aethiops , Herpes Simples/tratamento farmacológico , Herpesvirus Humano 2 , Própole/química , Células Vero
6.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(7): 2467-2477, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine any differences in oxidative stress and inflammation parameters in COPD patients treated with either N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) alone or with NAC in combination with propolis (NACP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty COPD patients in the exacerbation phase were enrolled into the study and were treated with either NAC (NAC group; n=20) or NACP (NACP group; n=20) twice daily for one month. Redox status was determined by measuring superoxide anion (O2.-), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), total oxidative status (TOS), prooxidative-antioxidant balance (PAB), malondialdehyde (MDA), ischemia modified albumin (IMA) and several other antioxidant markers: superoxide dismutase (SOD), paraoxonase 1 (PON1), total sulfhydryl groups (SHG) and total antioxidant status (TAS). Interleukins 6, 8 and 17 were measured as markers of inflammatory status. RESULTS: Both groups had similar socio-demographic and clinical characteristics. After treatment significantly higher SHG [0.446 (0.395-0.516) vs. 0.292 (0.270-0.325), p<0.001] and significantly lower TOS - 50.6 [49.7-53.4 vs. 73.2 (50.9-84.6), p<0.05] - and IMA [0.650 (0.629-0.682) vs. 0.709 (0.667-0.756), p<0.05] - were found in the NACP group compared to the NAC group. Factorial analysis indicated a larger oxidative stress-inflammatory load in the NAC group after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: From an oxidative stress and inflammatory status perspective, treatment with NACP was more successful than with NAC. The inclusion of propolis into therapy for COPD patients, especially those in the exacerbation phase, could prove beneficial.


Assuntos
Própole , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Acetilcisteína/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Arildialquilfosfatase/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Humanos , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Própole/metabolismo , Própole/uso terapêutico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo
7.
Molecules ; 27(7)2022 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35408603

RESUMO

The chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of propolis from a semi-arid region of Morocco were investigated. Fifteen compounds, including triterpenoids (1, 2, 7-12), macrocyclic diterpenes of ingol type (3-6) and aromatic derivatives (13-15), were isolated by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of spectroscopic and chiroptical methods. Compounds 1 and 3 are new natural compounds, and 2, 4-6, and 9-11 are newly isolated from propolis. Moreover, the full nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) assignments of three of the known compounds (2, 4 and 5) were reported for the first time. Most of the compounds tested, especially the diterpenes 3, 4, and 6, exhibited very good activity against different strains of bacteria and fungi. Compound 3 showed the strongest activity with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) in the range of 4-64 µg/mL. The combination of isolated triterpenoids and ingol diterpenes was found to be characteristic for Euphorbia spp., and Euphorbia officinarum subsp. echinus could be suggested as a probable and new plant source of propolis.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Diterpenos , Euphorbia , Própole , Triterpenos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Euphorbia/química , Estrutura Molecular , Marrocos , Própole/farmacologia , Triterpenos/química
8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 6574997, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434137

RESUMO

Multimicrobial infections caused by pathobionts are called dysbiotic multimicrobial illnesses. Commercial mouthwashes, such as chlorhexidine, have negative side effects that can prevent tooth decay and infection. The present study aimed to determine the antifungal, antibacterial, and cytotoxicity characteristics of the propolis extracts from different areas (Iran). The ethanolic extract of propolis was prepared. GC/MS carried out the characterization to determine the thymol, carvacrol, and menthol extracts, and also, total phenol and flavonoid were assed for all samples. The antimicrobial and antibiofilm effects were evaluated against S. mutans, S. mitis, S. salivarius, L. acidophilus, E. coli, S. aureus, and C. albicans. The cytotoxic effect of extracts was measured on human fibroblast cells by MTT test. The MIC values in mg mL-1 were ranged as follows: S. salivarius (0.003 to 0.048), S. mutans (0.003 to 0.029), S. mitis (0.007 to 0.058), L. acidophilus (0.007 to 0.117), C. albicans (0.014 to 0.234), E. coli (0.007 to 0.058), and S. aureus (0.007 to 0.058), while MBC were, respectively, S. mutans (0.007 to 0.058), S. salivarius (0.007 to 0.117), S. mitis (0.007 to 0.117), L. acidophilus (0.014 to 0.234), C. albicans (0.029 to 0.468), E. coli (0.014 to 0.234), and S. aureus (0.007 to 0.117). Cariogenic bacteria and Candida albicans were demonstrated to be resistant to propolis extracts. Therefore, propolis extracts may make good mouthwashes.


Assuntos
Própole , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Candida albicans , Escherichia coli , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Antissépticos Bucais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Própole/química , Própole/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus
9.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0266673, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413072

RESUMO

Propolis is a good source for flavonoids, however, their recovery is challenging, as it is a waxy material. This study investigated edible oils virgin coconut oil (VCO), corn oil (CO), and ghee (G) as co-extractants for the supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) extraction of flavonoids from the propolis. The extraction of flavonoids using 20% VCO as co-extractant with scCO2 (25 g/min) for 210 min at 150 bar and 50°C was found to be the most appropriate, yielding a total flavonoid content (TFC) of 11.7 mg/g and 25% TFC recovery. At a higher temperature (60°C) and pressure (250 bar and 350 bar), the propolis became softer and compressed causing the extractions to retrograde. The extraction curves correlated to the diffusion model with 1.6% (AARD). The matrix diffusivities increased from 4.7 × 10-11 m2/s (scCO2) to 6.9 × 10-11-21.4 × 10-11 m2/s upon the addition of edible oils. Thus, edible oils could be used with scCO2 to improve the flavonoid extraction from propolis.


Assuntos
Cromatografia com Fluido Supercrítico , Própole , Dióxido de Carbono , Flavonoides , Óleos , Óleos Vegetais
10.
Food Chem ; 387: 132934, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421652

RESUMO

In the current study, the production and characterization of novel solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) using safe/low-cost natural beeswax (BW) and propolis wax (PW) and by the simple and inexpensive assay of spontaneous emulsification were studied. To fabricate SLNs, the optimum levels of surfactant/oil ratio (SOR), stirring speed, and time were obtained based on minimum particle size (PS) and polydispersity index (PDI). Therefore, the optimal conditions to produce PW and BW nanoparticles were SOR of 1.26 and 2 under stirring speed of 1050 rpm for 20 min, leading to PS of 21.9 and 23.2 nm, respectively. The contact angle of 73.7° and 62.9° for BW and PW SLNs respectively, showed suitable hydrophilicity to stabilize oil-in-water (O/W) Pickering emulsions. Temperatures over 70 °C led to a drastic increment of PS in both types of SLNs. Upon nanoparticles drying, the utilization of cryoprotectants could cause less aggregation and better reconstitution.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Própole , Emulsões , Lipossomos , Tamanho da Partícula , Tensoativos , Ceras
11.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(3): e0010268, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35294434

RESUMO

The novel formula of spiramycin/propolis loaded chitosan (CS)/alginate (Alg) nanoparticles (NPs) was assessed for Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) treatment in comparison with the commercially available spiramycin regarding tissue penetration and blood brain barrier (BBB) passage. Swiss Albino mice were inoculated intraperitoneally by 2500 tachyzoites of the virulent T. gondii RH strain. The experimental groups were treated with oral spiramycin, propolis, CS/Alg NPs, spiramycin loaded CS/Alg NPs, propolis loaded CS/Alg NPs, and spiramycin/propolis loaded CS/Alg NPs. The results demonstrated that spiramycin/propolis loaded CS/Alg NPs exerted the longest survival time with no mortality on the sacrifice day (8th) in addition to representing the highest significant parasite percent reduction of (≥96% reduction) in liver, spleen and brain designating successful tissue penetration and BBB passage. Tachyzoites treated with spiramycin/propolis loaded CS/Alg NPs demonstrated the most disfigured rapturing organism via scanning electron microscope examination along with representing an overall remarkable improvement of the histopathological pictures of liver, spleen and brain. In conclusion, spiramycin/propolis loaded CS/Alg NPs showed the uppermost efficacy in the treatment of acute murine toxoplasmosis. The safe nature and the anti-parasitic effect of each of CS, Alg, spiramycin and propolis encourage the synergistic use of spiramycin/propolis loaded CS/Alg NPs as a potent treatment for human toxoplasmosis.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanopartículas , Própole , Espiramicina , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmose , Alginatos/farmacologia , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Própole/farmacologia , Toxoplasmose/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35270324

RESUMO

The impact of globalization on beekeeping brings new economic, scientific, ecological and social dimensions to this field The present study aimed to evaluate the chemical compositions of eight propolis extracts from Romania, and their antioxidant action and antimicrobial activity against seven species of bacteria, including pathogenic ones: Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. The phenolic compounds, flavonoids and antioxidant activity of propolis extracts were quantified; the presence of flavones and aromatic acids was determined. Quercetin and rutin were identified by HPLC analysis and characterized using molecular descriptors. All propolis samples exhibited antibacterial effects, especially against P. aeruginosa and L. monocytogenes. A two-way analysis of variance was used to evaluate correlations among the diameters of the inhibition zones, the bacteria used and propolis extracts used. Statistical analysis demonstrated that the diameter of the inhibition zone was influenced by the strain type, but no association between the propolis origin and the microbial activity was found.


Assuntos
Própole , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Bacillus cereus , Escherichia coli , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Própole/farmacologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Romênia
13.
Ann Afr Med ; 21(1): 34-38, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35313402

RESUMO

Background: Replantation is a commonly performed method for avulsed tooth. A vital periodontal membrane (periodontal ligament [PDL]) is significant for the successful healing of replanted teeth. Hence, various storage media are used to preserve the viability of periodontal cells before replantation. Objectives: The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of ViaSpan, Aloe vera, Gatorade solution, and propolis storage media for maintaining the PDL cell viability. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted on 40 recently extracted teeth which were randomly divided into four study storage groups: Group I: ViaSpan, Group II: Aloe vera, Group III: Gatorade solution, and Group IV: Propolis. Later they were subjected to centrifugation, and the cells from supernatant were colored with 0.4% trypan blue for determination of viability. The obtained data were statistically evaluated with SPSS package (21.0 version, Inc.; Chicago, IL, USA) using analysis of variance, Mann-Whitney test, and Post hoc tests. Results: The mean viable periodontal cell in Group I was 30.2 cumm, in Group II was 24.6 cumm, Group III was 14.5 cumm, and Group IV in 31.4. The difference was significant (P < 0.01). Post hoc test between different groups revealed a significant difference in mean viable periodontal cells (P < 0.001). Propolis, ViaSpan, and Aloe vera had higher pH and osmolality values. Conclusion: This study found that propolis had higher periodontal cell viability followed by ViaSpan solution and Aloe vera and least in Gatorade solution. Propolis, ViaSpan, and Aloe vera media can be used as a storage media.


Résumé Contexte: la Replantation est une méthode couramment utilisée pour la dent avulsée. Une membrane parodontale vitale (ligament parodontal [PDL]) est important pour la guérison réussie des dents replantées. Par conséquent, divers supports de stockage sont utilisés pour préserver la viabilité du parodontal les cellules avant la réimplantation. Objectifs: la présente étude a été menée pour évaluer L'efficacité de ViaSpan, Aloe vera, solution de Gatorade, et des supports de stockage de propolis pour maintenir la viabilité des cellules PDL. Matériaux et Méthodes: la présente étude a été menée sur 40 récemment dents extraites qui ont été divisées au hasard en quatre groupes de stockage d'étude: Groupe I: ViaSpan, Groupe II: aloe vera, Groupe III: Gatorade solution, et groupe IV: Propolis. Plus tard, ils ont été soumis à une centrifugation et les cellules du surnageant ont été colorées avec 0,4% de trypan bleu pour la détermination de la viabilité. Les données obtenues ont été évaluées statistiquement avec le package SPSS (version 21.0, Inc. Chicago, ILLINOIS, états-unis) en utilisant l'analyse de la variance, le test de Mann-Whitney et les tests post hoc. Résultats: la cellule parodontale viable moyenne dans le Groupe I était de 30,2 cumm, dans Le groupe II était de 24,6 cumm, le Groupe III de 14,5 cumm et le Groupe IV de 31,4. La différence était significative (P < 0,01). Essai post hoc entre différents groupes ont révélé une différence significative dans les cellules parodontales viables moyennes (P < 0,001). Propolis, ViaSpan et aloe vera avaient plus valeurs de pH et d'osmolalité. Conclusion: Cette étude a révélé que la propolis avait une viabilité cellulaire parodontale plus élevée suivie D'une solution de ViaSpan et Aloe vera et moins dans la solution de Gatorade. La Propolis, le ViaSpan et L'aloe vera peuvent être utilisés comme support de stockage. Mots-clés: aloe vera, Gatorade, cellules parodontales, propolis, ViaSpan.


Assuntos
Aloe , Própole , Adenosina , Alopurinol , Sobrevivência Celular , Glutationa , Humanos , Insulina , Soluções Isotônicas , Soluções para Preservação de Órgãos , Ligamento Periodontal , Própole/farmacologia , Rafinose
14.
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol ; 395(6): 659-672, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35246694

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by progressive loss of the structure and function of specific neuronal populations, and have been associated with reduced neurotrophic support. Neurotrophins, like NGF (nerve growth factor), are endogenous proteins that induce neuritogenesis and modulate axonal growth, branching, and synapsis; however, their therapeutic application is limited mainly by low stability, short half-life, and inability to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Small neurotrophic molecules that have suitable pharmacokinetics and are able to cross the BBB are potential candidates for neuroprotection. Baccharin is a bioactive small molecule isolated from Brazilian green propolis. In the present study, we investigated the neurotrophic and neuroprotective potential of baccharin in the PC12 cell neuronal model. We used pharmacological inhibitors (K252a, LY294002, and U0126), and ELISA (phospho-trkA, phospho-Akt, and phospho-MEK) to investigate the involvement of trkA receptor, PI3k/Akt pathway, and MAPK/Erk pathway, respectively. Additionally, we evaluated the expression of axonal (GAP-43) and synaptic (synapsin I) proteins by western blot. The results showed that baccharin induces neuritogenesis in NGF-deprived PC12 cells, through activation of trkA receptor and the downstream signaling cascades (PI3K/Akt and MAPK/ERK), which is the same neurotrophic pathway activated by NGF in PC12 cells and neurons. Baccharin also induced the expression of GAP-43 and synapsin I, which mediate axonal and synaptic plasticity, respectively. Additionally, in silico predictions of baccharin showed favorable physicochemical properties, pharmacokinetics, drug-likeness, and medicinal chemistry friendliness. Altogether, these findings suggest that baccharin is a promising neurotrophic agent whose therapeutic application in neurodegeneration should be further investigated.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Neural , Própole , Animais , Brasil , Proteína GAP-43/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Neural/farmacologia , Células PC12 , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Própole/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Receptor trkA/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Sinapsinas/metabolismo , Tricotecenos
15.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 148: 112759, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35248845

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A large body of evidence suggests that propolis exerts antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities, mostly ascribed to its polyphenol content. Growing evidence suggests that propolis could modulate gut microbiota exerting a positive impact on several pathological conditions. The aim of this study was to determine the in vitro impact of a poplar-type propolis extract with a standardized polyphenol content, on the composition and functionality of gut microbiota obtained from fecal material of five different donors (healthy adults, and healthy, obese, celiac, and food allergic children). METHODS: The standardized polyphenol mixture was submitted to a simulated in vitro digestion-fermentation process, designed to mimic natural digestion in the human oral, gastric, and intestinal chambers. The antioxidant profile of propolis before and after the digestion-fermentation process was determined. 16 S rRNA amplicon next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to test the effects on the gut microbiota of propolis extract. The profile of the short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) produced by the microbiota was also investigated through a chromatographic method coupled with UV detection. RESULTS: In vitro digestion and fermentation induced a decrease in the antioxidant profile of propolis (i.e., decrease of total polyphenol content, antiradical and reducing activities). Propolis fermentation exhibited a modulatory effect on gut microbiota composition and functionality of healthy and diseased subjects increasing the concentration of SCFA. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these data suggest that propolis might contribute to gut health and could be a candidate for further studies in view of its use as a prebiotic ingredient.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Própole , Doença Celíaca/patologia , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Fezes/microbiologia , Fermentação/fisiologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/patologia , Obesidade/patologia
16.
Molecules ; 27(5)2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35268726

RESUMO

Profiling a propolis sample from Papua New Guinea (PNG) using high-resolution mass spectrometry indicated that it contained several triterpenoids. Further fractionation by column chromatography and medium-pressure liquid chromatography (MPLC) followed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) identified 12 triterpenoids. Five of these were obtained pure and the others as mixtures of two or three compounds. The compounds identified were: mangiferonic acid, ambonic acid, isomangiferolic acid, ambolic acid, 27-hydroxyisomangiferolic acid, cycloartenol, cycloeucalenol, 24-methylenecycloartenol, 20-hydroxybetulin, betulin, betulinic acid and madecassic acid. The fractions from the propolis and the purified compounds were tested in vitro against Crithidia fasciculata, Trypanosoma congolense, drug-resistant Trypanosoma congolense, Trypanosoma b. brucei and multidrug-resistant Trypanosoma b. brucei (B48). They were also assayed for their toxicity against U947 cells. The compounds and fractions displayed moderate to high activity against parasitic protozoa but only low cytotoxicity against the mammalian cells. The most active isolated compound, 20-hydroxybetulin, was found to be trypanostatic when different concentrations were tested against T. b. brucei growth.


Assuntos
Própole
17.
Molecules ; 27(5)2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35268700

RESUMO

This review aims to analyze propolis as a potential raw material for the development and manufacture of new health-promoting products. Many scientific publications were retrieved from the Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases via searching the word "propolis". The different extraction procedures, key biologically active compounds, biological properties, and therapeutic potential of propolis were analyzed. It was concluded that propolis possesses a variety of biological properties because of a very complex chemical composition that mainly depends on the plant species visited by bees and species of bees. Numerous studies found versatile pharmacological activities of propolis: antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, etc. In this review, the composition and biological activities of propolis are presented from a point of view of the origin and standardization of propolis for the purpose of the development of new pharmaceutical products on its base. It was revealed that some types of propolis, especially European propolis, contain flavonoids and phenolic acids, which could be markers for the standardization and quality evaluation of propolis and its preparations. One more focus of this paper was the overview of microorganisms' sensitivity to propolis for further development of antimicrobial and antioxidant products for the treatment of various infectious diseases with an emphasis on the illnesses of the oral cavity. It was established that the antimicrobial activity of different types of propolis is quite significant, especially to Gram-negative bacteria and lipophilic viruses. The present study could be also of interest to the pharmaceutical industry as a review for the appropriate design of standardized propolis preparations such as mouthwashes, toothpastes, oral drops, sprays, creams, ointments, suppositories, tablets, and capsules, etc. Moreover, propolis could be regarded as a source for the isolation of biologically active substances. Furthermore, this review can facilitate partially overcoming the problem of the standardization of propolis preparations, which is a principal obstacle to the broader use of propolis in the pharmaceutical industry. Finally, this study could be of interest in the area of the food industry for the development of nutritionally well-balanced products. The results of this review indicate that propolis deserves to be better studied for its promising therapeutic effects from the point of view of the connection of its chemical composition with the locality of its collection, vegetation, appropriate extraction methods, and standardization.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Própole , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Flavonoides/química , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Própole/química
18.
Nutrients ; 14(6)2022 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35334870

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence points to a critical role of the brain gut axis as an important paradigm for many central nervous system diseases. Recent studies suggest that propolis has obvious neuroprotective properties and functionality in regulating intestinal bacteria flora, hinting at a potential key effect at both terminals of this axis regulation. However, currently no clear evidence confirms the effects of propolis on alcohol-induced depression. Here, we establish an alcoholic depression model with C57BL/6J mice and demonstrate that treatment with propolis protects against alcohol-induced depressive symptoms by behavioral tests. In addition, propolis attenuates the injury of nerve cells in the hippocampal region and restores the serum levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and dopamine (DA) in mice with alcohol-induced depression. Pathology and biotin tracer assays show that propolis repairs the intestinal leakage caused by alcohol. Additionally, propolis treatment increases the expression levels of intestinal intercellular tight junctions' (TJs') structural proteins Claudin-1, Occludin and zona occludens-1 (ZO-1), as well as the activation state of the liver kinase B1/AMP-activated protein kinase (LKB1/AMPK) signaling pathway, which is closely related to the intestinal permeability. Furthermore, propolis can reduce the levels of pro-inflammatory, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and fatty-acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2), suggesting the significance of the inflammatory response in alcoholic depression. Collectively, our findings indicate that propolis exerted an improving effect on alcohol-induced depressive symptoms by ameliorating brain gut dysfunction.


Assuntos
Própole , Animais , Depressão/induzido quimicamente , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Etanol/metabolismo , Etanol/toxicidade , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Própole/farmacologia , Própole/uso terapêutico
19.
Rev. Fac. Odont (Córdoba) ; 32(1): 11-19, mar 2022. ^etab
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1359722

RESUMO

Introducción: La terapia con pulpotomía es un tratamiento comúnmente llevado a cabo en pacientes pediátricos para contrarrestar la infección presente, frecuentemente se utilizan agentes químicos como antimicrobianos siendo algo contradictorios en cuanto a sus efectos. Objetivo: Evaluar la acción antimicrobiana del extracto etanólico de propóleo al 10% en terapia pulpar de órganos dentarios primarios. Materiales y Metodos: En este estudio se utilizó el Extracto Etanólico de Propóleo (EEP) al 10% de origen natural para el tratamiento de pulpotomías, su acción antimicrobiana fue evaluada mediantela recolección de muestras microbiológicas antes de la colocación de EEP muestra (S1) y después de su colocación muestra (S2). Se evaluó el grado de desarrollo microbiano en Unidades McFarland y por conteo de UFC en dos tiempos inicial y 24 hrs. Resultados: El propóleo mostró capacidad antimicrobiana ya que los resultados presentan una disminución promedio del crecimiento bacteriano entre las 20 muestras, siendo de 8, 30 a 8,10 en S1 y S2, así como de 9,18 a 8,96 en S1a y S2a. Los resultados muestran un efecto antimicrobiano, obteniendo diferencias entre S1 y S2, resultados que favorecen la capacidad antimicrobiana del propóleo. Conclusiones: El uso de extractos de plantas o derivados naturales como puede ser el propóleo para el tratamiento de terapias pulpares como son las pulpotomías en dientes temporales es prometedor como alternativa del formocresol.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Própole/análogos & derivados , Polpa Dentária , Pulpotomia , Odontopediatria
20.
J Oral Biosci ; 64(1): 1-7, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35143953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Journal of Oral Biosciences is devoted to advancing and disseminating fundamental knowledge concerning every aspect of oral biosciences. HIGHLIGHT: This review features review articles in the fields of "Extracellular Vesicles," "Propolis," "Odontogenic Tumors," "Periodontitis," "Periodontium," "Flavonoids," "Lactoferrin," "Dental Plaque," "Anatomy," "Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells," "Bone Cell Biology," "Dysgeusia," "Dental Caries," and "Dental Pulp Cavity," in addition to the review article by the winners of the "Lion Award" ("Sox9 function in salivary gland development") presented by the Japanese Association for Oral Biology. CONCLUSION: These reviews in the Journal of Oral Biosciences have inspired its readers to broaden their knowledge regarding various aspects of oral biosciences. The current editorial review introduces these exciting review articles.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Cárie Dentária , Periodontite , Própole , Humanos , Periodonto
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