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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 42: 169, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36187022

RESUMO

Introduction: neonatal mortality accounts for the most significant proportion of under-five mortality worldwide, as in Cameroon. Birth asphyxia is the leading cause of neonatal deaths in Cameroon. Training of health care workers (HCWs) in newborn resuscitation reduces neonatal morbidity and mortality. In this study, we evaluated the effect of in-hospital training on the competence (knowledge and skills) of HCWs in newborn resuscitation at Mboppi Baptist Hospital, Douala, Cameroon. Methods: this was a quasi-experimental study done in five weeks, in which we compared knowledge and skills before and after training. Assessment of knowledge and skills of HCWs in newborn resuscitation was done before training (simulations) and a week after training using World Health Organization (WHO) adapted Emergency Triage Assessment and Treatment (ETAT+) standard tool. Three key informant interviews (KIIs) and a focused group discussion (FGD) were held to determine barriers to effective newborn resuscitation. Data were analyzed using R software version 3.6.2. McNemar test and Cohen´s Kappa were used to analyze quantitative data, while major themes from KIIs and FGDs were selected for qualitative data. Results: we enrolled 30 HCWs, each HCW was observed twice, a total of 60 deliveries observed before and 60 after training. Sixteen HCWs (53%) showed adequate knowledge before and after training. Median scores for skills significantly increased by 28% (p<0.00054) for real-life observations and 26% (p=0.0004) for newborn resuscitation scenario simulations. The main barriers to adequate newborn resuscitation were inadequate knowledge, equipment, shortage of trained staff and poor teamwork between midwives and anesthetists. Conclusion: in-hospital training on newborn resuscitation improved the skills of HCWs but had no significant effect on their knowledge on newborn resuscitation. We would recommend that in-hospital training in newborn resuscitation be done often for HCWs.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Ressuscitação , Camarões , Competência Clínica , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Protestantismo , Ressuscitação/educação
2.
J Hist Ideas ; 83(4): 601-611, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189658

RESUMO

The History of Political Thought is a discipline which is very closely aligned with the Anglophone liberal political tradition. It has not, consequently, ever had very much to say about warfare. Richard Tuck's important research marks an exception in this field, but Tuck's work is marked by significant omissions. He defined Catholic scholasticism too narrowly, omitting the Franciscan followers of John Duns Scotus, and excluded Protestant scholasticism (except the work of Hugo Grotius) entirely from consideration. Remedying these omissions leaves us with an early modern theorization of war that appears much less ripe for secularization than scholars have previously supposed.


Assuntos
Catolicismo , Protestantismo , História do Século XX , Guerra
3.
J Hist Ideas ; 83(4): 629-642, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36189660

RESUMO

This article seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between Catholic and Protestant theories of mission by examining the influence of the Jesuit José de Acosta on the De conversione Indorum et gentilium (1669), one of the first comprehensive handbooks of Protestant missiology, written by Johannes Hoornbeeck. It is demonstrated that Acosta's Thomist emphasis on the willing acceptance of a new faith made his ideas particularly attractive to Hoornbeeck and are the reason why the latter preferred Jesuit sources to Franciscan thinkers and writings, since these were more Scotist in their outlook.


Assuntos
Autonomia Pessoal , Protestantismo , Catolicismo
4.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 67(9): 504-506, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099458

RESUMO

The frequency of occurrence of antigens of the Kell (Kpa, Kpb), Kidd, Duffy, MNS and Lutheran systems in donors of the Kirov region corresponds to the distribution of antigens characteristic of white Europeans. Antigens K (Kell system) and Lea (Lewis system) are detected in the population of the region much less frequently, antigen Leb (Lewis system) - more often than in the population of Europe. The presence of a registry of donors typed according to a wide range of red blood antigens is a prerequisite for the immunohematological safety of blood transfusions.


Assuntos
Doadores de Sangue , Antígenos de Grupos Sanguíneos , Antígenos de Grupos Sanguíneos/genética , Tipagem e Reações Cruzadas Sanguíneas , Humanos , Antígenos do Grupo Sanguíneo de Lewis , Protestantismo
5.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 15(9): 1604-1618, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The burden of total coronary plaque, plaque subtypes, and high-risk plaque features was unknown in asymptomatic individuals from the general U.S. primary prevention population. OBJECTIVES: In a large, asymptomatic U.S. cohort evaluated using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), we aimed to assess the burden of total coronary plaque, plaque subtypes, and high-risk plaque features; the interplay between CCTA findings and coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores; and identify independent predictors of coronary plaque. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis in the MiHeart (Miami Heart Study), a cohort of 2,359 asymptomatic individuals from the Greater Miami Area (mean age 53 years, 50% women, 47% Hispanic/Latino, 43% non-Hispanic White). We estimated the burden of CAC (=0, >0 to <100, ≥100), CCTA-based plaque features (any plaque, stenosis ≥50%, ≥70%, high-risk features), and their interplay. RESULTS: Overall, 58% participants had CAC = 0, 28% CAC >0 to <100, and 13% CAC ≥100. A total of 49% participants had plaque on the CCTA, including 16% among those with CAC = 0. Overall, 6% participants had coronary stenosis ≥50% (12% among those with coronary plaque), 1.8% had stenosis ≥70% (3.7% among those with plaque), and 7% had at least 1 coronary plaque with ≥1 high-risk feature (13.8% among those with plaque). Only 0.8% participants with CAC = 0 had stenosis ≥50%, 0.1% stenosis ≥70%, and 2.3% plaque with high-risk features. In logistic regression models, independent predictors of coronary plaque and high-risk plaque were older age, male sex, tobacco use, diabetes, overweight, and obesity. Male sex, overweight, and obesity were independent predictors of plaque if CAC = 0. CONCLUSIONS: The Miami Heart Study confirms substantial prevalence of coronary plaque in asymptomatic individuals. Overall, 49% of participants had coronary plaque, 6% had stenosis ≥50%, and 7% had plaques with at least 1 high-risk feature. These proportions were 16%, 0.8%, and 2.3%, respectively, among those with CAC = 0. Longitudinal follow-up will shed further light on the prognostic implications of these findings in asymptomatic individuals.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Placa Aterosclerótica , Constrição Patológica , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Florida/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade , Sobrepeso , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Protestantismo , Fatores de Risco
6.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 18(4): 101-103, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36132576

RESUMO

Philip Alexander, MD, is a native Texan, retired physician, and accomplished musician and artist. After 41 years as an internal medicine physician, Dr. Phil retired from his practice in College Station in 2016. A lifelong musician and former music professor, he often performs as an oboe soloist for the Brazos Valley Symphony Orchestra. He began exploring visual art in 1980, evolving from pencil sketches-including an official White House portrait of President Ronald Reagan-to the computer-generated drawings featured in this journal. His images, which first appeared in this journal in the spring of 2012, are his own original creations. If you would like to see your art published in the Methodist DeBakey Cardiovascular Journal, submit your creation online at journal.houstonmethodist.org as a "Humanities" entry.


Assuntos
Médicos , Protestantismo , Humanos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36011497

RESUMO

Earlier research has revealed contrasting gender results in standardized mortality ratios (SMR) for cancers and cardiovascular diseases of Finnish church musicians compared with the general population. In order to better understand the SMRs, our study examined gender differences in health and work-related experiences of church musicians with special focus on experienced stress and burnout on the one hand, and work engagement and mental well-being on the other. The data were collected by a questionnaire including both standardized measures and open-ended questions. Statistical methods (mostly χ2 tests) were used for examining gender differences in the measures, and the open-ended questions were analyzed using theory-driven content analysis. The two sets of data complemented each other. Analyses of the standardized measures showed that church musicians have more burnout and distress than the general population but the results were not gendered. However, the open-ended questions revealed clearly higher distress in females than in males. Based on the contrast between the measures and the open-ended questions, we raise the question about how well females who have distressing work can recognize the stress factors and change them, especially if distress becomes a "normal state".


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Música , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Protestantismo
8.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(1): 1-14, jun. 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1369129

RESUMO

Objectives: To identify and analyze the social representations of psychoactive drugs to the protestant religious group and their implications for nursing care. Method: The data collection was carried out in the state and city of Rio de Janeiro, through the Free Evocation of Words technique. Results: The participants were 300 subjects divided into three subgroups with 100 Protestant evangelical subjects. Of them, 74.67% were female (224 participants) and 25.33%, males (76). Final thoughts: The assistance, taking into account the factors beyond spiritual, is beneficial not only for the patient, but also for the Nursing team, because it improves the spiritual awareness and understanding of the individual as a being beyond the disease.


Objetivos: Identificar y analizar las representaciones sociales de las drogas psicoactivas para el grupo religioso protestante y sus implicaciones para el cuidado de enfermería. Método: La recolección de datos se realizó en el estado y ciudad de Río de Janeiro, mediante la técnica de Evocación Libre de Palabras. Resultados: Los participantes fueron 300 sujetos divididos entres subgrupos con 100 sujetos evangélicos protestantes. De ellos, el 74,67% eran mujeres (224 participantes) y el 25,33%, hombres (76). Reflexiones finales: La asistencia, teniendo en cuenta los factores más allá de lo espiritual, es beneficiosa no solo para el paciente, sino también para el equipo de Enfermería, porque mejora la conciencia espiritual y la comprensión del individuo como un ser más allá de la enfermedad.


Objetivos: Identificar e analisar as representações sociais das drogas psicoativas para o grupo religioso protestante e suas implicações para o cuidado de enfermagem. Método: A coleta de dados foi realizada no estado e município do Rio de Janeiro, por meio da técnica de Evocação Livre de Palavras. Resultados: Participaram do estudo, 300 sujeitos divididos em grupos de 100 sujeitos para cada subgrupo de evangélicos protestantes. Dos quais 74,67% eram do gênero feminino (224 participantes) e 25,33 do gênero masculino (25,33%). Considerações Finais: A assistência levando-se em conta os fatores para além do espiritual é benéfica não apenas para o paciente, mas também para a equipe de Enfermagem, pois melhora a consciência espiritual e a compreensão do indivíduo como um ser para além da doença.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Psicotrópicos , Atitude , Espiritualidade , Protestantismo/psicologia , Representações Sociais , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Brasil , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia
9.
J Hist Ideas ; 83(2): 181-206, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35603610

RESUMO

The standard narrative of post-Reformation confessionalization suggests that confessional cultures clamped down on intellectual creativity in order to protect orthodox theology. Taking the case of Lutheranism, this article examines Eilhard Lubin's successful defense of his subversive ideas about God, creation, and evil. I put forward the concept of "academic unorthodoxy"-based on the plural, social character of orthodoxy and the potential for disciplinary boundary-work-as a complex but analytically rich approach to the relationship between confessional orthodoxy and intellectual diversity, specifically in early modern Lutheranism but applicable to early modern confessional cultures in general.


Assuntos
Protestantismo , Teologia
10.
J Relig Health ; 61(5): 4096-4118, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534760

RESUMO

Evangelical Christianity and healthcare work are two contexts in which vocation is often an important discourse. Exploring uses, understandings and implications of vocation for evangelical medics thus offers a rich opportunity to critically interrogate vocation from two important perspectives. In addition to identifying a three-tiered construction of vocation, on macro-, meso- and micro-levels, this paper suggests that to fully understand its manifestations among a sample of English evangelical medics, a critical, Weberian-style reading is valuable. This latter conclusion resonates with those drawn by scholars who extend a critical view across constructions of medical vocation more broadly, not least given concerns regarding workplace burnout.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Leitura , Cristianismo , Inglaterra , Humanos , Ocupações , Protestantismo
11.
Inquiry ; 59: 469580221081388, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35634989

RESUMO

Faith communities support a variety of public health initiatives as conduits of information and service distribution points. However, with the onset of the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), there is concern that religious communities may be echo chambers for misinformation and conspiracy theories that are undercutting the adoption of precautions to prevent transmission and the use of COVID-19 vaccines. The purpose of this study is to identify the receptivity to and spread of misinformation about COVID-19 by faith communities and whether embracing these inaccuracies constitutes a uniquely religious effect. This study conducted three small analyses approach. First, we engaged in the automated text mining of approximately 2.3 million discussion posts from discussion forums noted for their conspiracism and extremism. Next,  secondary quantitative analysis of two recent surveys from the American Trends Panels by Pew Research conducted in April 2020 (N = 9482) and February 2021 (N = 9429) were conducted to determine whether sources of information and preventive behaviors related to the pandemic were associated with uniquely religious effects or possibly mediated by other factors such as sociodemographic characteristics or political views. The association of White evangelicals with politicized misinformation was consistent across all three small studies. Prior to the availability of vaccines, religious themes consistently appeared in 15-19% of COVID-19 social media posts and were higher in subsets of the discourse tied to misinformation. The framing of COVID-19 using religious language was associated with the Christian right in about half of the religiously-themed posts. Religious themes fell below the 15% threshold once the vaccine was available. In the survey research, small, uniquely religious effects were found with White evangelical receptivity of COVID-19 information from Donald Trump and less reliance on information from public health experts, and small, uniquely religious associations were found with preventive measures. Among White nonevangelical Protestants and non-Hispanic Roman Catholics, there was found the same combination of a higher likelihood of reliance on messages from the Donald Trump Presidency and a lower likelihood for news-media use. Black Protestants showed a higher level of use and trust in state and local government officials. The study confirmed higher use of social media among non-Hispanic Roman Catholics but did not find this relationship among Hispanic Protestants. Faith communities are not always receptive to public health messages that promote the public good. This study indicates that the religion effects can appear early, giving time for health education specialists to address them, and that these effects can diminish once preventive measures are available.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Catolicismo , Comunicação , Humanos , Protestantismo , Estados Unidos
12.
J Relig Health ; 61(3): 2253-2278, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35578058

RESUMO

To analyze which pandemic related changes of attitudes and behaviors were perceived by Seventh-day Adventists (SDA) and how these relate to wellbeing, a cross-sectional survey with standardized questionnaires was performed. Participants (n = 1,494) stated changes for Relationships, Digital media usage and Nature/Silence/Contemplation, but not for Spirituality or Reflection of life. Best predictors of psychological wellbeing (WHO-5) were Spiritual wellbeing, perceived Restrictions and Awe/Gratitude (R2 = .32). Mediation analyses (R2 = 0.51) revealed a mediation effect of Awe/Gratitude between spiritual to psychological wellbeing (ß = 0.11, p < 0.0001). Perceived changes were less relevant to buffer the negative effects of the pandemic; instead, they were related to fears of future. More relevant to stabilize SDAs´ wellbeing was their spirituality.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Atitude , Estudos Transversais , Alemanha , Humanos , Internet , Pandemias , Protestantismo
13.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 38(7): 1267-1269, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503577

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Current literature describes that art can be used to teach observation skills in medical students. In this way, many medical schools have developed formal observational training on works of art to improve their students' visual diagnostic skills. In this context, this description presents unprecedented evidence that Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) may have represented a rare neuromuscular disorder, known as Pompe disease (accumulation of lysosomal glycogen primarily in the heart, skeletal muscles, and the nervous system) in one of the characters that make up Virgin and Child with the Infant St. John the Baptist (1490-1500). METHODS: Observational study. RESULTS: The painting reveals that the Infant Jesus has facial features consistent with some of the main clinical manifestations of Pompe disease (poor head control, facial weakness with open mouth posture, tongue protrusion, and eyelid ptosis). CONCLUSION: These results may indicate that Botticelli in 1500 may have made the first pictorial representation of Pompe's disease that was only described in the medical literature in 1932. Furthermore, this description demonstrates the importance of the medico-artistic field for the study of any disease during the Renaissance period, which will be essential for the learning process of visual diagnostic.


Assuntos
Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo II , Criança , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo II/diagnóstico , Coração , Humanos , Lactente , Músculo Esquelético , Protestantismo
14.
J Relig Health ; 61(6): 4608-4634, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35437695

RESUMO

The belief-as-benefit effect (BABE) is a broad term for the positive association between religion/spirituality (R/S) and health outcomes. Functionally, religious variables and religious identities predict greater wellness, which implies that atheists should report worse health relative to religious groups. Using Cycle 29 of the cross-sectional General Social Survey from Statistics Canada (N > 15,900), I explored health differences in stress, life satisfaction, subjective physical wellbeing, and subjective mental wellbeing across R/S identities (atheists, agnostics, Nones, Catholics, Protestants, Eastern Religions). Results indicated that (1). religious attendance, prayer, and religiosity were generally unrelated to all health outcomes for all R/S identities, (2). averagely religious atheists reported health parity with averagely religious members of all other R/S identities, and (3). when comparing a maximally nonreligious atheist group against several maximally religiously affiliated groups, atheists largely showed health parity. If both low R/S and high R/S are associated with comparable wellness, researchers should actively question whether R/S is genuinely salutary.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Religião , Canadá , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Protestantismo
15.
Vet Clin Pathol ; 51(3): 376-384, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipid disorders are common in captive psittacine birds, but associated changes in blood lipids and lipoproteins have not been well characterized. The Quaker parrot is prone to dyslipidemia and has been extensively used as an experimental model. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the effects of a 0.3% cholesterol diet and a 20% fat diet on plasma lipids and lipoproteins in Quaker parrots. METHODS: Two crossover studies were performed with each diet. During each study, 12 parrots were divided into two groups fed the treatment or control diet for 2 weeks. After a 2-month wash-out period, the groups were reversed. At the end of each period, plasma lipidomics and lipoprotein profiling were performed. Data were analyzed by univariate tests adjusted for false discovery rates, volcano plots, and enrichment analyses. RESULTS: The cholesterol diet induced changes in many plasma lipids and lipoproteins. Total cholesterol and cholesteryl esters were significantly and markedly elevated. Ceramides were the second subclass of lipids that were elevated. Several glycerophosphocholines, sphingomyelins, and one diacylglycerol were also significantly elevated, albeit to a lesser magnitude. All lipoproteins were elevated, with the greatest increase seen in non-HDL. The fat diet mainly resulted in a decrease in plasma glycerolipids and an increase in acylcarnitines. Lipoprotein plasma levels remained unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Quaker parrots fed a 0.3% cholesterol diet showed profound and complex dyslipidemic changes that could be used to further study lipid disorders and their management in psittacine birds. A 20% fat diet higher in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids did not lead to dyslipidemia.


Assuntos
Papagaios , Protestantismo , Animais , Colesterol , Dieta/veterinária , Lipídeos , Lipoproteínas , Triglicerídeos
16.
Curr Nutr Rep ; 11(2): 161-171, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347664

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing evidence points toward the importance of diet and its impact on cognitive decline. This review seeks to clarify the impact of four diets on cognition: the Mediterranean diet, the anti-inflammatory diet, the Seventh Day Adventist diet, and the Ketogenic diet. RECENT FINDINGS: Of the diets reviewed, the Mediterranean diet provides the strongest evidence for efficacy. Studies regarding the anti-inflammatory diet and Seventh Day Adventist diet are sparse, heterogeneous in quality and outcome measurements, providing limited reliable data. There is also minimal research confirming the cognitive benefits of the Ketogenic diet. Increasing evidence supports the use of the Mediterranean diet to reduce cognitive decline. The MIND-diet, a combination of the Mediterranean and DASH diets, seems especially promising, likely due to its anti-inflammatory properties. The Ketogenic diet may also have potential efficacy; however, adherence in older populations may be difficult given frequent adverse effects. Future research should focus on long-term, well-controlled studies confirming the impact of various diets, as well as the combination of diets and lifestyle modification.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Dieta Cetogênica , Dieta Mediterrânea , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Protestantismo
17.
Ambix ; 69(1): 34-48, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35144522

RESUMO

Andreas Libavius (ca. 1560-1616) is a well-known early modern physician and alchemist, who involved himself in various disputes. For example, in several of his writings he rejected the heterodox texts related to the Rosicrucian episode. This paper analyses Libavius's refutation of the Rosicrucian manifestos (1614-16), and aims to show that, in his response, Libavius presented himself not just as a member of the scholarly community, which is a well known facet of his life and career, but also as a Lutheran who aimed to protect his confession from attacks by heterodox sects.


Assuntos
Médicos , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Estabelecimentos Correcionais , Humanos , Masculino , Organizações , Protestantismo
18.
Front Health Serv Manage ; 38(3): 16-23, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35191857

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Digital innovations are arriving in healthcare at an increasing rate. Electronic medical records provided the foundation for this growth, and now thousands of technology companies are servicing every aspect of healthcare. Since 2018, Houston Methodist has been cultivating digital disruption, working to speed up the development of new initiatives. As our digital innovation has grown exponentially over the past few years, we have kept the patient at the center of all activities. We hold the philosophy that patient empowerment should be a process whereby patients understand their role and have access to knowledge that enables them to engage with their providers in a bidirectional relationship. Patient empowerment in the patient room, in care pathways, and in opioid reduction demonstrate the success of our approach with strongly positive outcomes. Importantly, the efforts are not only appreciated by our patients, but also widely embraced by our clinicians.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Protestantismo , Atenção à Saúde , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos
19.
J Hist Ideas ; 83(1): 41-62, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35185023

RESUMO

This article examines the teaching of political ideas at the Scottish universities between 1600 and 1650. It demonstrates that regents did not direct their students toward one consistent Reformed view of political participation as a divinely mandated duty to control sin and advance the true religion, a position frequently advanced in contemporary printed works. Instead, university education provided students with a cross-confessional intellectual framework that emphasized both Augustinian and Aristotelian elements of early modern political thought. These differences would become essential for the languages of political legitimacy advanced by Scottish Reformed intellectuals during the wars of the 1640s.


Assuntos
Protestantismo , Universidades , Humanos , Escócia , Estudantes
20.
J Hist Behav Sci ; 58(3): 291-301, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35060118

RESUMO

This article sets out to investigate Weber's major sources of interest in his American journey, namely, rampant capitalism as most evident in some large cities, the presence of Calvinism and of a bourgeois ethos in some Northern areas of the United States, and the persisting relevance of a precapitalist status order in the South. As Weber argued, in these distinct settings different status groups and anthropological types were all connected, each in its own way, with modern formally rational capitalism. The significance of Weber's journey in the Unites States lied in the opportunity this journey offered him to delineate in ideal-typical terms a number of status groups and anthropological types to which he paid attention in the course of this travel.


Assuntos
Capitalismo , Sociologia , Humanos , Masculino , Protestantismo , Relações Raciais , Estados Unidos
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