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1.
Res Social Adm Pharm ; 18(1): 2200-2212, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827755

RESUMO

In many countries around the world, people go to community pharmacies to receive primary health care services. Awareness of public views and experiences may help to identify opportunities for greater uptake of primary health care services provided by pharmacists and ways to improve care. Arts-informed research offers the possibility to provide additional insights into public perceptions of community pharmacy services. The purpose of this exploratory study is to describe the process and results of an arts-informed research project using an adapted version of the draw and write technique in combination with focus group interviews to explore public perceptions of community pharmacy services. The draw and write technique was introduced as an introductory activity to evoke a visual expression of participants' perceptions and experiences with community pharmacy services. Participants were invited to answer the question, "What do community pharmacy services mean to you?" in the form of a drawing and words. They were then prompted to discuss their drawings in a focus group interview. This approach resulted in rich visual and textual data. Analysis consisted of a combination of manual sorting of the visual data and examination of the focus group interview data that were transcribed verbatim, anonymized, and analyzed using an inductive comparative approach. NVIVO version 12 software was used to code and manage all data. Use of the draw and write technique elicited initial, fresh perspectives about community pharmacy services prior to discussions with participants in the focus group interviews. This approach allowed researchers to access a diverse range of experiences and perspectives.


Assuntos
Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia , Farmácias , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Farmacêuticos , Papel Profissional , Opinião Pública , Pesquisa Qualitativa
2.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0261009, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34972099

RESUMO

A conventional model of public opinion analysis is no longer suitable when the internet is the primary arena of information dissemination. Thus, a more practical approach is urgently needed to deal with this dynamic and complicated phenomenon of propagating public opinion. This paper proposes that the outbreak of internet public opinion and its negative impacts, such as the occurrence of major security incidents, are a result of coupling and the complex interaction of many factors. The Functional Resonance Analysis Method model is composed of those factors and considers the stages of network information dissemination, the unique propagation rule, and textual sentiment resonance on the internet. Moreover, it is the first public opinion governance method that simultaneously highlights the complex system, functional identification, and functional resonance. It suggests a more effective method to shorten the dissipation time of negative public opinion and is a considerable improvement over previous models for risk-prediction. Based on resonance theory and deep learning, this study establishes public opinion resonance functions, which made it possible to analyze public opinion triggers and build a simulation model to explore the patterns of public opinion development through long-term data capture. The simulation results of the Functional Resonance Analysis Method suggest that the resonance in the model is consistent with the evolution of public opinion in real situations and that the components of the resonance of public opinion can be separated into eleven subjective factors and three objective factors. In addition, managing the subjective factors can significantly accelerate the dissipation of negative opinions.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Internet , Opinião Pública , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Teóricos , Redes Neurais de Computação
3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(12): e2140202, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932103

RESUMO

Importance: Stigma, the prejudice and discrimination attached to mental illness, has been persistent, interfering with help-seeking, recovery, treatment resources, workforce development, and societal productivity in individuals with mental illness. However, studies assessing changes in public perceptions of mental illness have been limited. Objective: To evaluate the nature, direction, and magnitude of population-based changes in US mental illness stigma over 22 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study used data collected from the US National Stigma Studies, face-to-face interviews conducted as 1996, 2006, and 2018 General Social Survey modules of community-dwelling adults, based on nationally representative, multistage sampling techniques. Individuals aged 18 years or older, including Spanish-speaking respondents, living in noninstitutionalized settings were interviewed in 1996 (n = 1438), 2006 (n = 1520), and 2018 (n = 1171). The present study was conducted from July 2019 to January 2021. Main Outcomes and Measures: Respondents reacted to 1 of 3 vignettes (schizophrenia, depression, alcohol dependence) meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, criteria or a control case (daily troubles). Measures included beliefs about underlying causes (attributions), perceptions of likely violence (danger to others), and rejection (desire for social distance). Results: Of the 4129 individuals interviewed in the surveys, 2255 were women (54.6%); mean (SD) age was 44.6 (16.9) years. In the earlier period (1996-2006), respondents endorsing scientific attributions (eg, genetics) for schizophrenia (11.8%), depression (13.0%), and alcohol dependence (10.9%) increased. In the later period (2006-2018), the desire for social distance decreased for depression in work (18.1%), socializing (16.7%), friendship (9.7%), family marriage (14.3%), and group home (10.4%). Inconsistent, sometimes regressive change was observed, particularly regarding dangerousness for schizophrenia (1996-2018: 15.7% increase, P = .001) and bad character for alcohol dependence (1996-2018: 18.2% increase, P = .001). Subgroup differences, defined by race and ethnicity, sex, and educational level, were few and inconsistent. Change appeared to be consistent with age and generational shifts among 2 birth cohorts (1937-1946 and 1987-2000). Conclusions and Relevance: To date, this survey study found the first evidence of significant decreases in public stigma toward depression. The findings of this study suggest that individuals' age was a conservatizing factor whereas being in the pre-World War II or millennial birth cohorts was a progressive factor. However, stagnant stigma levels for other disorders and increasing public perceptions of likely violence among persons with schizophrenia call for rethinking stigma and retooling reduction strategies to increase service use, improve treatment resources, and advance population health.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Estigma Social , Adulto , Idoso , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Opinião Pública , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
4.
Nutrients ; 13(12)2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34959783

RESUMO

Excessive consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) is of growing concern, and several countries are implementing measures to reduce SSB consumption. Understanding perceptions towards SSB policies is crucial to prioritize policy actions and to effectively frame public communication. We conducted a cross-sectional study in a sample of 754 adult Singaporeans to examine support towards 10 hypothetical policies to reduce SSB consumption. Policy scenarios were presented to participants and support was assessed using a 5-point Likert scale. Opinions about policies were elicited by asking participants "What other thoughts do you have about this policy?". We used logistic regression to examine determinants of policy support, and thematic analyses to understand opinions about policies. We observed good public support for a variety of SSB policies. In general, less restrictive policies such as traffic light labels (85.0% agreed/strongly agreed) and free access to water at eateries (77.1%) were better supported as compared to restrictive policies such as portion-size restrictions (64.5%) and taxation (55.0%). There was limited variation by age, ethnicity, income, physical activity and body mass index. Concerns about policies largely centered on loss of personal autonomy and economic implications for businesses. Nevertheless, participants also recognized that policies could support healthier beverage consumption by increasing awareness and enabling informed decision making. Findings from this study provide insights into consumer's perceptions of SSB policies, and can inform public health advocacy and government action in this area.


Assuntos
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia , Política Nutricional , Opinião Pública , Bebidas Adoçadas com Açúcar/legislação & jurisprudência , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento de Ingestão de Líquido , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Singapura , Impostos , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 1512742, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34900175

RESUMO

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of online public opinion of the H7N9 animal epidemic incident in 2013 were conducted based on social network analysis (SNA) theories, SNA method, and life cycle theories. Trend and features of evolution of online public opinion of animal epidemic emergency were explored and structural characteristics of key nodes in these public opinion spreading networks were identified. The stages of spreading of public opinion of animal epidemics were investigated. This study provides references for the government to cope with online public opinion of animal epidemic emergencies in the future.


Assuntos
Epidemias , Subtipo H7N9 do Vírus da Influenza A , Animais , Ciência de Dados , Atenção à Saúde , Opinião Pública
6.
Gac Sanit ; 35 Suppl 2: S379-S381, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929855

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Kaledo is a well-known traditional food in Central Sulawesi. This research is aiming to explore the perception of the local community about the status of Kaledo in their life and to analyze its proximate level. METHODS: This study is a descriptive study using a mixed-method (qualitative and laboratory test). The data collected from leaders and the general public with 40 communities and 9 traditional leaders in Palu City, Central Sulawesi with an in-depth interview. The sample was taken purposively. A laboratory test was applied for proximate analysis with Duplo techniques or two repetitions. RESULT: The results study reveals that the community considers Kaledo is not a dietary food. The Kaili tribe pretends Kaledo as a special food that can only be consumed at certain times. The energy in one portion of Kaledo is approximately 429.96kcal and has fulfilled 19-22.6% Nutritional adequacy rate energy for women and 15-18% energy for men. CONCLUSION: Kaledo which has high energy content is very appropriate if not consumed every day.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Opinião Pública , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Masculino , Nutrientes
7.
Front Public Health ; 9: 753048, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34970524

RESUMO

Background: The rapidly growing imbalance between supply and demand for ventilators during the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the principles for fair allocation of scarce resources. Failing to address public views and concerns on the subject could fuel distrust. The objective of this study was to determine the priorities of the Iranian public toward the fair allocation of ventilators during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This anonymous community-based national study was conducted from May 28 to Aug 20, 2020, in Iran. Data were collected via the Google Forms platform, using an online self-administrative questionnaire. The questionnaire assessed participants' assigned prioritization scores for ventilators based on medical and non-medical criteria. To quantify participants' responses on prioritizing ventilator allocation among sub-groups of patients with COVID-19 who need mechanical ventilation scores ranging from -2, very low priority, to +2, very high priority were assigned to each response. Results: Responses of 2,043 participants, 1,189 women, and 1,012 men, were analyzed. The mean (SD) age was 31.1 (9.5), being 32.1 (9.3) among women, and 29.9 (9.6) among men. Among all participants, 274 (13.4%) were healthcare workers. The median of assigned priority score was zero (equal) for gender, age 41-80, nationality, religion, socioeconomic, high-profile governmental position, high-profile occupation, being celebrities, employment status, smoking status, drug abuse, end-stage status, and obesity. The median assigned priority score was +2 (very high priority) for pregnancy, and having <2 years old children. The median assigned priority score was +1 (high priority) for physicians and nurses of patients with COVID-19, patients with nobel research position, those aged <40 years, those with underlying disease, immunocompromise status, and malignancy. Age>80 was the only factor participants assigned -1 (low priority) to. Conclusions: Participants stated that socioeconomic factors, except for age>80, should not be involved in prioritizing mechanical ventilators at the time of resources scarcity. Front-line physicians and nurses of COVID-19 patients, pregnant mothers, mothers who had children under 2 years old were given high priority.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Opinião Pública , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ventiladores Mecânicos
8.
Front Public Health ; 9: 756360, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34926380

RESUMO

Suicide events may have a negative impact on all of society. The media plays a significant role in suicide prevention. Therefore, the aims of this study are (a) to understand the association between characteristics of suicide events and characteristics of who committed suicide, and event impact indexes (EIIs) of suicide reported on the internet; (b) to analyze violation of recommendations for reporting suicide by Weibo, and (c) to investigate the effect of online reports of suicide on public opinion. We carried out a content analysis of online reports of suicide. This study analyzed 113 suicide events, 300 news reports of suicide, and 2,654 Weibo comments about suicide collected from the WeiboReach between 2015 and 2020. We used a t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) to explore the potential factors associated with the EIIs of suicide events. The results found that (a) The suicide events reported on the internet during COVID-19 and those related to celebrities and students tend to have higher EIIs; (b) suicide reports on Weibo frequently violated WHO recommendations for suicide reporting in the media; and (c) public opinion of suicide reporting in the online media was mostly emotional and irrational, which is not beneficial for public mental health and suicide prevention. In conclusion, first, the situation of many people working from home or studying from home and spreading more time online during COVID-19 may lead to suicide events obtain more public attention. Online media could further improve public responsible reporting and daily media-content surveillance, especially taking particular care in those suicide events during COVID-19, and related to celebrities and students, which may have a higher event impact on the internet. Second, health managers should regular assessment of observance of the WHO recommendations for suicide reporting by online social media to prevent suicide. Third, health communication managers should use big data to identify, assess, and manage harmful information about suicide; and track anyone affected by suicide-related reports on social media to reduce the negative impact of public opinion to intervene suicide in the early stage of suicide.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mídias Sociais , Suicídio , Humanos , Opinião Pública , SARS-CoV-2 , Suicídio/prevenção & controle
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948638

RESUMO

Vaccine hesitancy is an ongoing concern, presenting a major threat to global health. SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 vaccinations are no exception as misinformation began to circulate on social media early in their development. Twitter's Application Programming Interface (API) for Python was used to collect 137,781 tweets between 1 July 2021 and 21 July 2021 using 43 search terms relating to COVID-19 vaccines. Tweets were analysed for sentiment using Microsoft Azure (a machine learning approach) and the VADER sentiment analysis model (a lexicon-based approach), where the Natural Language Processing Toolkit (NLTK) assessed whether tweets represented positive, negative or neutral opinions. The majority of tweets were found to be negative in sentiment (53,899), followed by positive (53,071) and neutral (30,811). The negative tweets displayed a higher intensity of sentiment than positive tweets. A questionnaire was distributed and analysis found that individuals with full vaccination histories were less concerned about receiving and were more likely to accept the vaccine. Overall, we determined that this sentiment-based approach is useful to establish levels of vaccine hesitancy in the general public and, alongside the questionnaire, suggests strategies to combat specific concerns and misinformation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mídias Sociais , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Humanos , Opinião Pública , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948724

RESUMO

This study examines the influential factors posited by the Spiral of Silence Theory (SoS) in shaping people's perceptions of the overall public opinion towards food safety issues in China and their willingness to speak out. Two highly controversial issues, including genetically modified (GM) food and food additives, are examined. Using an online opt-in panel in China, we collected survey responses from a total of 1089 respondents, with a comparable age distribution to that of Chinese netizens, as indicated in the most recent census. Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regressions were conducted to make statistical inferences about the proposed research questions and hypotheses. Findings suggest that perceived opinion incongruence, self-relevance, and self-influence significantly affected the extent to which people were willing to express their opinions on social media for the genetically modified food issue, but not the use of food additive issue. The study provides evidence of the silencing effect on publicly expressing opinions about the food safety related issues in China and clarifies the potential boundary conditions of the SoS mechanism in the context of Chinese social media where the majority of public opinions come into formation.


Assuntos
Alimentos Geneticamente Modificados , Mídias Sociais , China , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Humanos , Opinião Pública
11.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 4321131, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899965

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a devastating effect on many people, creating severe anxiety, fear, and complicated feelings or emotions. After the initiation of vaccinations against coronavirus, people's feelings have become more diverse and complex. Our aim is to understand and unravel their sentiments in this research using deep learning techniques. Social media is currently the best way to express feelings and emotions, and with the help of Twitter, one can have a better idea of what is trending and going on in people's minds. Our motivation for this research was to understand the diverse sentiments of people regarding the vaccination process. In this research, the timeline of the collected tweets was from December 21 to July21. The tweets contained information about the most common vaccines available recently from across the world. The sentiments of people regarding vaccines of all sorts were assessed using the natural language processing (NLP) tool, Valence Aware Dictionary for sEntiment Reasoner (VADER). Initializing the polarities of the obtained sentiments into three groups (positive, negative, and neutral) helped us visualize the overall scenario; our findings included 33.96% positive, 17.55% negative, and 48.49% neutral responses. In addition, we included our analysis of the timeline of the tweets in this research, as sentiments fluctuated over time. A recurrent neural network- (RNN-) oriented architecture, including long short-term memory (LSTM) and bidirectional LSTM (Bi-LSTM), was used to assess the performance of the predictive models, with LSTM achieving an accuracy of 90.59% and Bi-LSTM achieving 90.83%. Other performance metrics such as precision,, F1-score, and a confusion matrix were also used to validate our models and findings more effectively. This study improves understanding of the public's opinion on COVID-19 vaccines and supports the aim of eradicating coronavirus from the world.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Aprendizado Profundo , Mídias Sociais , Atitude , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Idioma , Modelos Estatísticos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Opinião Pública , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Vacinação
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34948997

RESUMO

A series of mitigation efforts were implemented in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia, including the development of mobile health applications (mHealth apps) for the public. Assessing the acceptability of mHealth apps among the public is crucial. This study aimed to use Twitter to understand public perceptions around the use of six Saudi mHealth apps used during COVID-19: "Sehha", "Mawid", "Sehhaty", "Tetamman", "Tawakkalna", and "Tabaud". We used two methodological approaches: network and sentiment analysis. We retrieved Twitter data using specific mHealth apps-related keywords. After including relevant tweets, our final mHealth app networks consisted of a total of 4995 Twitter users and 8666 conversational relationships. The largest networks in size (i.e., the number of users) and volume (i.e., the conversational relationships) among all were "Tawakkalna" followed by "Tabaud", and their conversations were led by diverse governmental accounts. In contrast, the four remaining mHealth networks were mainly led by the health sector and media. Our sentiment analysis approach included five classes and showed that most conversations were neutral, which included facts or information pieces and general inquires. For the automated sentiment classifier, we used Support Vector Machine with AraVec embeddings as it outperformed the other tested classifiers. The sentiment classifier showed an accuracy, precision, recall, and F1-score of 85%. Future studies can use social media and real-time analytics to improve mHealth apps' services and user experience, especially during health crises.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mídias Sociais , Telemedicina , Humanos , Pandemias , Opinião Pública , SARS-CoV-2 , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
13.
Int J Public Health ; 66: 591027, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744560

RESUMO

Objectives: To decrease the rapid growth of SARS-CoV-2 in Germany, a stepped lockdown was conducted. Acceptance and compliance regarding entering and exiting lockdown measures are key for their success. The aim of the present study was to analyse the population's preferences for exiting lockdown measures. Methods: To evaluate population's preferences and identify trade-offs between different exit strategies, a discrete choice experiment was conducted on 28-29 April (n = 1,020). Overall, six attributes and 16 choice sets (fractional-factorial design) without an opt-out were chosen. Conditional logit and latent class models were conducted. Results: Most attributes proved to be significant. Two attributes dominated all others: Avoiding a mandatory tracing app, and providing sufficient intensive care capacities. Preventing a high long-term unemployment rate and avoiding the isolation of persons aged 70+, were relevant, though utilities were comparatively lower. We identified subgroups (elderly persons and persons with school children) with different utilities, which indicates specific attributes affecting them dissimilarly. Conclusions: The population prefers cautious re-opening strategies and is at least sceptical about the adoption of severe protection measures. Government should balance interests between subgroups.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Opinião Pública , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Comportamento de Escolha , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos
14.
Front Public Health ; 9: 731080, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722441

RESUMO

As an empirical case, this study selected the illegal production process incidents of rabies and DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus) vaccines by Changchun Longevity Biotechnology Co., Ltd., which occurred in July 2018. Based on the four factors involved in the spread of public opinion, the public health emergency, netizen, network media, and government, Brusselator model, and entropy method were applied to calculate the positive and negative entropy-to verify whether the Internet public opinion system is a dissipative structure. This study verified four evolution mechanisms in Internet public opinion diffusion, among which the trigger point of entropy-control occurred in the germination mechanism, the entropy-controlled disposal point occurred in the outbreak and fluctuating mechanism, and then became latency in the elimination mechanism. It provides a theoretical reference for the government to judge the stage of such diffusion and improve the governance ability of the opinion mentioned above.


Assuntos
Emergências , Opinião Pública , Entropia , Humanos , Internet , Saúde Pública
15.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 285: 67-75, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734853

RESUMO

The Coronavirus pandemic has surprised the world and social media was extremely used to express frustrations and development of the cases found. Social media tools, such as Twitter, show a comparable impact with the number of tweets related to COVID-19 indicating remarkable development in a limited ability to focus time. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of Coronavirus on the United States of America (USA) and New Zealand (NZ), and how that is reflected in a sentiment analysis through the examination of American and New Zealand tweets. We have gathered tweets from a March 2020 - August 2020 and used sentiment extraction on the tweets. The major finding of this sentiment extraction is the fact that the overall average sentiment over the 5-month period stayed in a negative range in the USA and NZ. This paper aims to analyze these trends, identify patterns, and determine whether these trends were caused by the COVID-19 pandemic or outside sources. One trend that was analyzed was the spike of COVID-19 results in relation to the number of protests occurring in the USA.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mídias Sociais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Opinião Pública , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0257337, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624040

RESUMO

The global impact of dementia is a key healthcare priority, and although it is possible to live well with dementia, public perception is often negative. Serious digital games are becoming a credible delivery method to educate/train individuals in the business and health sectors and to challenge perceptions. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a digital game prototype on individual attitudes towards dementia. A digital game to improve public knowledge and understanding about dementia (www.dementiagame.com) was co-designed with people living with dementia and student nurses. The Game was evaluated using a pretest-posttest design. Participants for the evaluation were recruited via social media in one UK university and completed the Approaches to Dementia Questionnaire (ADQ) before and after playing the game. Overall, 457 individuals completed both pre and post test questionnaires. The total ADQ score demonstrated a significant improvement in positive attitudes (p < 0.001), and both subscales of Hope and Recognition of Personhood also saw significant improvements (p < 0.001). The use of a serious digital game has demonstrated a significant effect on the respondents' perceptions of dementia. Overall, there was a more positive view of the abilities of people with dementia and what their capabilities were. They were also more likely to be recognised as unique individuals with the same values as any other person. The benefit of using digital gaming to improve perceptions of dementia has been demonstrated, nonetheless further research is required to reach a more diverse population and test as a Randomised Control Trial to provide definitive evidence for use in policy and practice.


Assuntos
Demência , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Jogos de Vídeo , Adulto , Demência/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Opinião Pública , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Adulto Jovem
19.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258241, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644306

RESUMO

Automatic facial recognition technology (AFR) is increasingly used in criminal justice systems around the world, yet to date there has not been an international survey of public attitudes toward its use. In Study 1, we ran focus groups in the UK, Australia and China (countries at different stages of adopting AFR) and in Study 2 we collected data from over 3,000 participants in the UK, Australia and the USA using a questionnaire investigating attitudes towards AFR use in criminal justice systems. Our results showed that although overall participants were aligned in their attitudes and reasoning behind them, there were some key differences across countries. People in the USA were more accepting of tracking citizens, more accepting of private companies' use of AFR, and less trusting of the police using AFR than people in the UK and Australia. Our results showed that support for the use of AFR depends greatly on what the technology is used for and who it is used by. We recommend vendors and users do more to explain AFR use, including details around accuracy and data protection. We also recommend that governments should set legal boundaries around the use of AFR in investigative and criminal justice settings.


Assuntos
Atitude , Reconhecimento Facial Automatizado , Direito Penal , Opinião Pública , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Confiança , Adulto Jovem
20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(2): 280-283, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645194

RESUMO

This paper summarizes the development trend and characteristics of public opinion on health protection and disinfection strategies in the COVID-19 epidemic. The experience and deficiency of the strategies are discussed from the perspective of public opinion, and suggestions on how health protection and disinfection can help prevent and control infectious diseases are also put forward: to strengthen health protection and disinfection in key places and units; to evaluate health protection and disinfection effects as well as the transmission mechanism of virus in the environment; to establish a professional health protection and disinfection emergency science popularization mechanism and information release channel; to speed up the formulation and revision of health protection and disinfection standards related to the epidemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Desinfecção , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Opinião Pública , SARS-CoV-2
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