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1.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 150, 2021 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prematurity escalates the crisis of the infants a susceptible group of the society. Multiple delivery further intensifies the susceptibility of both family and health system. A comprehensive care is, thus, necessary to ensure the optimal growth and development of such multiple-births. Accompanied by trainings, challenges, and strategies, the present study was conducted based on a two-year report of comprehensive care management experience on two sets of multiple infants. METHODS: A qualitative case study approach was used to survey these two sets of premature infants (quadruplet and quintuplet) and their families. The data were collected through medical files, interviews, questionnaire, field presence, phone call and WhatsApp application, and continued follow-ups. Content analysis was performed based on survey and interventions during a period of two years in Isfahan, Iran (2018-2020). RESULTS: Case presentation and comprehensive care management are the main areas resulted from this study. The results of the study were categorized in eight challenging areas (categories) and strategies including sterility and infertility period, transition from the intrauterine to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), discharge process, physical and developmental status, home visit and home care, development of care plan, socio-economic support, and coronavirus nightmare. CONCLUSION: Based on challenges and strategies during these two years, the situation of the multiple-birth infants and their families' needs should be identified as the first prerequisites in an inter-professional approach and in collaboration with the health providers. Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Welfare Organization, and the charities were the parties involved with this process in our study. It was also found that developing a separate specific package of comprehensive care management plan for multiple-births is a necessity.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Assistência Perinatal/organização & administração , Gravidez Múltipla , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Irã (Geográfico) , Alta do Paciente , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Quadrigêmeos , Quíntuplos
2.
Fetal Pediatr Pathol ; 35(6): 425-433, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27551982

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review a case of quintuplets with all babies developing necrotizing enterocolitis. METHODS: A retrospective study of preterm quintuplets all developing necrotizing enterocolitis. Clinical outcomes were reviewed. RESULTS: Quintuplets were born at 24 weeks gestation. Each baby developed NEC and was treated. One baby died. Currently the remaining 4 infants are on full enteral nutrition. CONCLUSION: Further studies are needed to better understand this emerging population of multiple birth pregnancy and the frequency of NEC development.


Assuntos
Enterocolite Necrosante/patologia , Nascimento Prematuro/patologia , Quíntuplos , Enterocolite Necrosante/diagnóstico , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Íleo , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
3.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 26(13): 1342-5, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23510071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and outcome of higher order multiple (HOM) pregnancies in Lagos, Nigeria. METHODS: The mode of delivery, gestational age, pregnancy and neonatal outcome of babies delivered from HOM pregnancies were reviewed retrospectively from the labor ward and theater registers, neonatal unit admission records and medical notes in a tertiary referral centre from April 2009 to March 2012. RESULTS: Twenty-two (15, 6 and 1 set of triplets, quadruplets and quintuplet, respectively) of 6521 pregnancies delivered during the period were HOM pregnancies giving a prevalence of 3.37/1000. All the 74 babies except 12 were delivered by cesarean section. There were 18 perinatal deaths giving a perinatal mortality rate of 243 per 1000. Overall mortality was significantly associated with no antenatal booking (21 versus 5, OR: 21.0, 95% CI: 2.1-72.3, p = 0.000), gestational age ≤30 weeks (21 versus 5, OR: 46.2, 95% CI: 11.2-189.9, p = 0.000) and birth weight <1000 g for live births (p = 0.000). Mode of delivery and number of fetuses >3 were however not significantly associated with mortality. CONCLUSION: Reduction of early preterm births by proper antenatal care and close feto-maternal monitoring of HOM pregnancies will significantly reduce the resultant immediate poor outcomes for these pregnancies and their newborns.


Assuntos
Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Gravidez Múltipla/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/mortalidade , Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Perinatal , Gravidez , Prevalência , Quadrigêmeos/estatística & dados numéricos , Quíntuplos/estatística & dados numéricos , Trigêmeos/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 119(1): 57-60, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22818536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of spontaneous pregnancy reduction and early pregnancy complications among multiple pregnancies conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: Spontaneous pregnancy reduction was assessed among multiple pregnancies conceived after IVF treatment in a private assisted reproduction center in Lagos, Nigeria, between January 2008, and June 2011. The pregnancies were diagnosed at 6-8 weeks of gestation by ultrasound scan, which was repeated at 11-14 weeks to determine the incidence of spontaneous reduction. RESULTS: The incidence of multiple pregnancies was 35.2%. There were 11 (20.0%) twin, 6 triplet (10.5%), and 2 quintuplet (3.6%) pregnancies. Spontaneous reduction occurred in 9 (47.7%) of these pregnancies, including 15.8% of twins, 21% of triplets, and 10.5% of quintuplets. Spontaneous reduction was significant among triplets and quintuplets (P<0.05). Six women (31.5%) older than 36 years had spontaneous reduction (P<0.05). Vaginal bleeding occurred in 3 (15.5%) women, 2 (66.7%) of whom had spontaneous abortion. In all instances of monochorionic placentation, spontaneous reduction resulted in spontaneous abortion. CONCLUSION: The incidence of spontaneous reduction among multiple pregnancies conceived after IVF was high. Vaginal bleeding was a warning sign of eventual abortion. Early pregnancy complications were fewer among pregnancies with dichorionic and trichorionic placentation.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Redução de Gravidez Multifetal/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez Múltipla/estatística & dados numéricos , Aborto Espontâneo/diagnóstico por imagem , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Adulto , Córion/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico por imagem , Prevalência , Quíntuplos/estatística & dados numéricos , Trigêmeos/estatística & dados numéricos , Gêmeos/estatística & dados numéricos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Hemorragia Uterina/epidemiologia
8.
Fertil Steril ; 95(6): 2124.e13-6, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21310404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report a genetically proved superfecundation of quintuplets after transfer of two embryos in IVF procedure and successful completion of the pregnancy after fetal reduction. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic reproductive medicine center. PATIENT(S): A 31-year-old woman, gravida 0, who underwent her second IVF cycle after three IUIs. INTERVENTION(S): After 5 years of primary infertility, three IUIs, and one IVF, the patient underwent her second IVF cycle with transfer of two fresh embryos on day 2. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Development of five separate embryonic sacs. Fetal reduction to twins at 12 weeks of gestation. Successful pregnancy and delivery. Deoxyribonucleic acid analysis of the three reduced embryos, the live-born twins, and their parents. RESULT(S): Analysis of the seven DNA samples, because all were different, confirmed the superfecundation and disproved the zygote's division after transfer. Fetal growth restriction motivated preterm delivery by cesarean section. Both twins were in good health. CONCLUSION(S): Superfecundation can explain high-order multiple pregnancy and can be proved by DNA analysis. Couples must be informed because of the implications of fetal reduction for ethical issues, risks of pregnancy loss, fetal growth restriction, preterm delivery, and its consequences.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Fertilidade/fisiologia , Fertilização In Vitro , Gravidez Múltipla , Quíntuplos , Adulto , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Redução de Gravidez Multifetal , Gravidez Múltipla/fisiologia , Gêmeos
10.
Newsweek ; 153(25): 59-60, 2009 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19554839
11.
Fetal Diagn Ther ; 25(1): 173-6, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19332993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It is the aim of this study to report on the prenatal diagnosis and course of a spontaneous monochorionic (MC) 5-amniotic (5A) quintuplet pregnancy which is such a rare event that it has up to now never been described antenatally. CASE REPORT: A spontaneous MC 5A quintuplet pregnancy was diagnosed at 12 weeks by 2D ultrasound. Video tapes (2D and 4D) were made showing that 2D ultrasound still better documented simultaneous visualization of all quintuplets including their activities compared with 4D ultrasound, which, however, adds the information of space location. Variances of crown-rump length, nuchal translucency and nasal bone were evaluated. After informed consent and a second opinion of 2 centers performing invasive laser coagulation or occlusion of the umbilical cord, the parents decided to interrupt pregnancy. Pathologic evaluation confirmed MC 5A quintuplet pregnancy. CONCLUSION: The case demonstrates that splitting of 1 zygote into 5 embryos might even occur spontaneously. In view of the poor outcome and limited success of fetal reduction, pregnancy termination was finally part of the counseling.


Assuntos
Gravidez Múltipla , Quíntuplos , Adulto , Córion/diagnóstico por imagem , Córion/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
12.
J Hum Lact ; 25(1): 79-84, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19196855

RESUMO

This is the first published case of quintuplets who breastfeed and receive expressed mother's own milk and supplemental pasteurized donor human milk. In this case, all 5 babies receive exclusively human milk at 7 months. This result is achieved because of the mother's strong advocacy for human milk feedings and a remarkable support system of 200 individuals drawn from family, friends, and congregation.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente/fisiologia , Leite Humano , Mães/psicologia , Quíntuplos/fisiologia , Apoio Social , Adulto , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Bancos de Leite
13.
Fertil Steril ; 90(5): 2007.e17-20, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18778814

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report a case of quintuplets born to a woman without fertility treatment along with a discussion on the incidence and management of related cases. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Bolan Medical College, Quetta, Pakistan. PATIENT(S): The quintuplets and their mother. INTERVENTION(S): Perinatal care. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Perinatal morbidity and mortality in multiple gestation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Quintuplets are a rare occurrence. This is even rarer if they are born to a woman without fertility treatment. The survival of the infants is even rarer. We here report a case of a woman who presented in her third trimester of gestation and gave birth to five babies through normal delivery; all of them are alive and doing well along with the mother of the babies. The learning points and issues for discussion in this case are fourfold. We present, first, an account of surviving quintuplets and their occurrence; second, the medical issues involved in the management and care of such cases; third, the psychologic and social consequences involved in these scenarios; and, finally, the plight and difficulties faced by a woman from a poor socioeconomic background along with the dilemma faced by a practicing clinician in a developing country.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Gravidez Múltipla , Quíntuplos , Adulto , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Nascido Vivo , Masculino , Paquistão , Cuidado Pós-Natal , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Fatores Socioeconômicos
14.
Fertil Steril ; 90(5): 2007.e13-5, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18394609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a quintuplet pregnancy following transfer of five poor-quality cellular-stage embryos. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University of Toronto-affiliated infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): A 35-year-old female with a 2-year history of secondary infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Intracytoplasmic sperm injection and embryo transfer. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy. RESULT(S): Quintuplet implantation with five fetal hearts. CONCLUSION(S): Because the transfer of five poor embryos resulted in a quintuplet implantation, we recommend that embryos with significant morphologic abnormalities, especially in younger patients, be considered as viable embryos with implantation potential.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária , Embrião de Mamíferos/patologia , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Gravidez Múltipla , Quíntuplos , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Adulto , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Gravidez , Redução de Gravidez Multifetal , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
15.
Pediatrics ; 118(6): 2488-97, 2006 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17142535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to quantify contemporary infant mortality risks and to evaluate the change by plurality, gestation, and race during the most recent decade. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population included live births of 20 to 43 weeks' gestation from the 1989-1991 and 1999-2001 US Birth Cohort Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Sets, including 11,317,895 and 11,181,095 live births and 89,823 and 67,129 infant deaths, respectively. Adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated to evaluate the change in risk by plurality and gestation and to compare the change with that for singletons. RESULTS: Overall, the infant mortality risk decreased significantly for singletons, twins, and triplets but nonsignificantly for quadruplets and quintuplets. Compared with singletons, significantly greater reductions were experienced by twins overall and at <37 weeks and triplets at <29 weeks. The largest reduction was for triplets at 20 to 24 weeks and for quadruplets and quintuplets at 25 to 28 weeks. For white infants, significant reductions were achieved overall for singletons, twins, and triplets and at every gestation. For black infants, significant reductions occurred for singletons overall and at every gestation, for twins at <37 weeks, and for triplets at 25 to 28 weeks. Compared with white infants, black infants had significantly lower risks before and higher risks after 33 weeks, although between 1989-1991 and 1999-2001 this survival advantage at earlier ages diminished, and the risk at later gestations increased. CONCLUSIONS: The improvements in survival were greater for multiples versus singletons and for white versus black infants. Within each plurality, at each gestation the racial disparity in mortality has widened.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Infantil/tendências , Adulto , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Quadrigêmeos , Quíntuplos , Fatores de Risco , Trigêmeos , Gêmeos
16.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 23(4): 157-60, 2006 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16758345

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report a trizygotic quintuplet pregnancy following simultaneous embryo splitting in an oocyte donation cycle after transfer of 3 embryos. METHODS: A 40-year-old Caucasian female G3P1 with two previous spontaneous abortions and diminished ovarian reserve presented for IVF. The patient underwent an oocyte donation cycle secondary to diminished ovarian reserve. Three embryos were transferred per patient request. RESULTS: The three embryo transfer resulted in a trizygotic quintuplet pregnancy. Selective embryo reduction was performed at 11 weeks leaving a dizygotic twin gestation. The patient underwent SVD, or spontaneous vaginal delivery at 36 weeks gestation with respective weights and apgars of 2673 g (apgars 7(1), 9(5)) and 2722 g (apgars 7(1), 9(5)). The twins are presently doing well without complications. CONCLUSIONS: Although rare, the possibility of simultaneous embryo splitting must be factored into determining number of embryos for fresh transfer.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro , Gravidez Múltipla , Quíntuplos , Adulto , Transferência Embrionária , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Redução de Gravidez Multifetal
18.
Obstet Gynecol ; 105(6): 1369-72, 2005 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15932831

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the occurrence of peripartum hysterectomy between singleton and multiple gestations. METHODS: This was a historical cohort study comparing the occurrence of peripartum hysterectomy between singleton and multiple gestations at Banner Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona, from January 1, 1996, to December 31, 2001. RESULTS: During the study years, 42,595 singleton, 1,131 twin, 164 triplet, 35 quadruplet, and 2 quintuplet deliveries occurred. A total of 100 peripartum hysterectomies were performed. Of these hysterectomies, 88 occurred in singletons, 5 in twins, 6 in triplets, and 1 in quadruplets. The overall occurrence of peripartum hysterectomy was 2.28 per 1,000, and the occurrence of emergent peripartum hysterectomy was 1.73 per 1,000. Multiple gestations had a significantly greater risk of emergent peripartum hysterectomy than singletons (odds ratio [OR] 6.04, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.28-11.11; P < .001). This difference was more pronounced among higher-order multiple gestations: twins (OR 2.95, 95% CI 1.22-7.13, P = .03), triplets (OR 25.22, 95% CI 11.02-57.77, P < .001), and quadruplets (OR 19.53, 95% CI 3.34-114.69, P = .04). When compared with singletons, higher-order multiple gestations had nearly a 24-fold increased risk of emergent peripartum hysterectomy (OR 23.97, 95% CI 11.05-51.99, P < .001). CONCLUSION: Multiple gestations have a significantly higher occurrence of emergent peripartum hysterectomy than singletons. This information should be used in counseling and managing patients with these pregnancies.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho de Parto , Gravidez Múltipla , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Emergências , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto/cirurgia , Gravidez , Quadrigêmeos , Quíntuplos , Trigêmeos , Gêmeos
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