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1.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 330, 2022 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate condylar morphology, ramus height, and asymmetry indexes in patients with different vertical skeletal patterns and to determine the association between condylar and ramal measurements with the mandibular plane angle. METHODS: Dental panoramic radiographs of 60 patients with different skeletal patterns were evaluated. According to the cranial base (Sella-Nasion)-mandibular plane (SN-MP) angle, the patients were divided into three groups: normal angle (NA), low angle (LA), and high angle (HA). The condylar area, condylar perimeter, condylar heights, and ramus height were measured, and the asymmetry index value of each measurement was calculated. A one-way analysis of variance as well as a post hoc Tukey and Kruskall-Wallis tests were used to determine intergroup differences. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between all measurements and SN-MP. RESULTS: The intergroup comparison of condylar area, condylar perimeter, condylar heights, and ramus height measurements showed that the patients in the LA group have statistically significantly greater values compared to those in the HA group. A statistically significant difference was detected between the NA and LA groups only in the condylar area measurements. There was no statistical difference only in the ramus height measurements between the NA and HA groups. Asymmetry index values of the groups were similar. The negative correlations were found between all measurements and the SN-MP angle. CONCLUSION: HA individuals have lower ramus heights and smaller condylar morphologies than NA and LA individuals. In addition, as the SN-MP angle increases, the condyle dimensions and ramus height decrease, and this is a clinically important finding.


Assuntos
Côndilo Mandibular , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Cefalometria/métodos , Humanos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35869016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the artifacts on intraoral photostimulable storage phosphor (PSP) plate images caused by 3 different disinfectants that are effective against pathogens including SARS-CoV-2. STUDY DESIGN: Nine new PSP plates, to be wiped with hypochlorous acid (HOCl) in group A, alcohol in group B, and white vinegar in group C, were distributed in 3 groups. Twelve images of each PSP plate with increasing numbers of wipes were examined for artifacts. The comparisons were evaluated by Kruskal-Wallis and post hoc tests. The reliability of the measurements was evaluated using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cohen kappa statistic. RESULTS: Artifacts were observed only on group B images. In terms of artifact scores, the difference between group A and group C was not statistically significant (P > .05), whereas group B artifact scores were significantly higher than group A and group C (P < .05). Intraobserver reliability was perfect (ICC and kappa of 1.0) and interobserver reliability was considered excellent (ICC = 0.985) or almost perfect (kappa = 0.956). CONCLUSIONS: HOCl and white vinegar can be alternative disinfection options for PSP plates tested in this study. Unlike alcohol, they did not produce artifacts. Additional research evaluating their effects on image quality is needed to determine if they are appropriate for disinfection.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Ácido Acético/farmacologia , Artefatos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Desinfecção/métodos , Humanos , Ácido Hipocloroso , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Int Dent J ; 72(4): 448-455, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667883

RESUMO

COVID-19, the most recent and globally impactful zoonotic viral pandemic in the last 20 years, has now entered its third year. As the global dental profession returns to providing as full a range of services as possible, in addition to embedding the new infection-control processes that were developed for this pandemic, it should also take full advantage of digital conventional radiology (intraoral, extraoral, and panoramic radiography) and cone-beam computed tomography. Regardless of vaccinations, new or yet-to-manifest variants, and testing, some dentists may be working in communities where the asymptomatic but potentially infectious patient poses a real risk. This needs to be met with not only the whole COVID-19 panoply the dentist is already too familiar with but also the need to minimise aerosol generation production by dental radiography. A flowchart and a table that compares the attributes of the above modalities are included.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Radiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Humanos , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Radiografia Panorâmica
4.
Oral Radiol ; 38(4): 638-644, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35767125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to quantitatively examine the effect of digital image processing of digital intraoral radiographic images on the resolution characteristics of the output image using a task transfer function (TTF). METHODS: A photostimulable phosphor system with three types of image processing filters, including periodontal, endodontic, and dentine-to-enamel junction filters, was used. Each filter can be used in conjunction with the sharpness filter (+ S). Images were obtained from the original phantom, which combined aluminum disk and plate. The TTF, which indicates the resolution characteristics, was calculated. A one-dimensional profile curve was also measured, and the fluctuation in the pixel value was evaluated in detail. The results were compared to investigate the effects of digital image processing on digital intraoral radiographic images. RESULTS: The TTF values were specific to each filter. The change in the TTF strongly reflected the characteristics of the one-dimensional profile curve. The TTF was compared with a one-dimensional profile curve and was able to quantitatively express the resolution characteristics of all directions in the image. CONCLUSIONS: We attempted to evaluate the resolution characteristics of digital intraoral radiographic images with image processing filters using the TTF. The effect of each image processing filter and the + S filter on the resolution can be simply expressed using the TTF. Our results show that the TTF is useful for characterizing the resolution characteristics of image processing filters for image quality.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagens de Fantasmas
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 166, 2022 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A thorough understanding of the original root and canal anatomy is a critical technical prerequisite for performing cleaning and shaping treatments. Therefore, this research aimed to characterize maxillary first premolar teeth' root morphology and canal architecture. METHODS: One hundred forty-two extracted human adult maxillary first premolar teeth have been retrieved. The extracted teeth were thoroughly cleaned and irrigated to eliminate any remaining debris or blood. They were then preserved in formalin solution until they were eligible for screening. To begin, a visual examination was employed to ascertain the number of roots and their geometry in each sample. Then, utilizing digital radiography in two plains, mesiodistal and distomesial, to further determine those parameters. Finally, a sectioning technique had been used to have the samples cut mesiodistally into slices to validate the internal root canal architecture and identify the number of root canals and their varieties in accordance with Vertucci's categorization system. The canal layout, the pulp chamber, and the root canals were all highlighted (marked) using a fine tip marker in a permanent orange hue to make the canal features more accessible and accurate to visualize. All of the processes were conducted by two highly qualified dentists. The sample size was estimated statistically using the Sealed Envelope program, and the percentage of each configuration was derived in proportion to the overall sample size in order to establish the percentage of each type in each configuration. RESULTS: From the 142 teeth examined, 42 (29.57%) had one root, 97 (68.31%) had two roots, and only three premolars (2.12%) had three roots. Concerning canal configurations, 100 teeth (70.43%) had type (IV) canal configuration, followed by 37 teeth (26.05%) had types (V), three teeth (2.12%) had type (VIII), and one tooth (0.70%) for each of type (I) and type (II). CONCLUSIONS: The anatomical pattern of inspected maxillary first premolars are mainly two rooted and predominantly have a type (IV) canal morphology.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Raiz Dentária , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar/anatomia & histologia , Dente Pré-Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Maxila/anatomia & histologia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Raiz Dentária/anatomia & histologia , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
J Dent ; 122: 104145, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523378

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of digital bitewing radiographs using photostimulable phosphor (PSP) plates in the estimation of the true extension of proximal carious lesions. METHODS: The sample size was calculated to be 70 teeth. Adult patients with a minimum of one posterior tooth with primary proximal caries lesions were included. A preoperative bitewing radiograph was taken and the extension of the carious lesion was measured from the most prominent point on the adjacent sound tooth to the deepest axial point of the lesion. An experienced general dentist provided the restorative treatment and made a polyvinyl siloxane impression of the cavity preparation. Clinical caries extension was measured from the most prominent point of the adjacent tooth until the deepest boundary of the axial wall of the preparation on the impression. Postoperative radiographs were taken at the completion of restorative care. The bitewing radiographs were done using PSP plates and caries extension measurements were performed using measuring tools of the digital radiography software. Pairwise comparisons were made between preoperative and postoperative radiographs, and the true clinical depth measurements using paired t-tests. RESULTS: In total, 73 teeth from 44 subjects were included. A significant difference of 0.82 mm was found between preoperative radiographs and clinical measurements (p<0.001). Similarly, comparisons between preoperative and postoperative radiographic measurements showed significant differences of 0.99 mm (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The study found that the true clinical extension of proximal caries after non-selective caries removal was significantly deeper than the preoperative radiographic extension assessment. This was not influenced by the tooth type, the location of the tooth, or the affected tooth surfaces. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: When a non-selective caries removal strategy is adopted, clinicians should be aware that PSP bitewing radiographs underestimate the true clinical extension of proximal caries lesions. This will have an impact on clinicians' practice and restorative treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dente , Adulto , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Humanos , Radiografia Interproximal , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Dente/patologia
7.
Cient. dent. (Ed. impr.) ; 19(1): 33-41, ene.-abr. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202827

RESUMO

Se expone el caso de una paciente de 76 años con antecedente de carcinoma epidermoide intraoral (2003) que tras la cirugía y radioterapia posterior presenta e dentulismo y atrofia maxilar severa.Tras la exploración clínica y radiológica con una tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) se decide rehabilitar el maxilar superior con implantes cigomáticos y una prótesis completa atornillada de carga inmediata. Mediante exportación DICOM del TAC maxilar al software Mimics (Materialise, Belgium) se realiza una planificación quirúrgica virtual tomando como referencia una propuesta digital protésica (DentalCAD, Exocad, USA). En el entorno 3-Matic (Materialise, Belgium) se diseñandos guías quirúrgicas óseos portadas para la colocación óptima de cuatro implantes cigomáticos combinando la técnica ZAGA (siglas en inglés de Zigoma Anatomy-Guided Approach o lo que es lo mismo, Abordaje Cigomático Guiado Anatómicamente) y Quad approach. Protésicamente, se diseña un prototipado que sirve como la tradicional prueba de dientes en cera y como férula radiológica prequirúrgica. El objetivo es simplificar la sistemática de trabajo con un nuevo método digital combinado gracias a la digitalización de los pilares de cicatrización de tipo Multi-Unit® (denominados healing caps). Con el presente caso clínico se desarrolla un protocolo de trabajo que simplifica toma de registros, abarata los costes y acorta el tiempo quirúrgico y de gabinete para la confección de una prótesis de carga inmediata de polimetil metacrilato acrílico (PMMA). Además, gracias al TAC postquirúrgico se compara y analiza la precisión aportada por las guías empleadas en el proceso de colocación de los implantes en relación con el software de planificación quirúrgica virtual (VSP –Virtual Surgical Planning-), confirmándose así la sencillez, exactitud y seguridad en todo el procedimiento quirúrgico. Se tomó como referencia para la comparación el extremo coronal y apical de cada implante cigomático junto con el ángulo resultante de la discrepancia entre el implante real y el digital. Los resultados obtenidos comparados con la bibliografía, demuestran una desviación sin repercusión en el proceso rehabilitador (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atrofia Periodontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário/métodos , Atrofia Periodontal/reabilitação , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Atrofia Periodontal/cirurgia
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 26(7): 4743-4752, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35267096

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of digital filters of intraoral radiographic systems on the diagnosis of simulated internal and external root resorptions and image quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Internal root resorption (IRR) and external root resorption (ERR) were simulated in 34 teeth. For image acquisition, two radiographic systems were used: Digora Toto and VistaScan. All filters available in these systems were applied. Three observers scored the detection of root resorptions in a 5-point scale. The noise and the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were calculated. The area under ROC curve, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were obtained. One-way ANOVA with Tukey's post hoc tests compared the diagnostic values, noise, and CNR between the filters (α = 0.05). RESULTS: For ERR, there were no significant differences in diagnostic values between the filters tested for both systems. For IRR, Original and Noise Reduction filters presented higher sensitivity than the Sharpen2 filter for images from Digora Toto, with no differences between the other groups. For VistaScan, there were no significant differences of diagnostic values between the groups studied. Noise values differed among the filters of both systems. The CNR of the filters differed only for the bone region for Digora Toto, while for VistaScan, both tooth and bone regions differed. CONCLUSIONS: Despite promoting changes in pixel intensities and affecting the noise level of the radiographic images, the digital filters of Digora Toto and VistaScan systems do not affect the diagnosis of internal or external root resorptions. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Digital filters are common tools in digital radiographic systems and may be used by the professional without impairment in root resorptions diagnosis.


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz , Humanos , Curva ROC , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária
9.
J Digit Imaging ; 35(3): 654-659, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35166971

RESUMO

To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of caries and periapical lesions on a monitor with and without DICOM part 14: grayscale standard display function (DICOM-GSDF) calibration under different ambient light conditions. Forty digital bitewing radiographs were selected, with or without radiographic images of carious lesions and forty digital periapical radiographs with or without periapical lesions were selected from archives of the Radiology Department at the University Hospital of the Federal University of Sergipe. The gold standard radiographic images were determined through consensus between two radiologists with more than 15 and 30 years of experience. The selected radiographs were evaluated on a LG LED monitor with and without DICOM-GSDF calibration under different ambient light conditions: Lx1 (low ambient lighting), Lx2 (moderate ambient lighting) and Lx3 (high ambient lighting). Kappa (Kw) values determined that evaluator 1 showed almost perfect agreement for all devices, while evaluator 2 presented a substantial agreement for all devices. Monitors with and without DICOM-GSDF calibration have similar accuracy values. The three ambient light conditions analyzed have similar accuracy and can be used for caries lesions diagnosis (p > 0.05); however, the best diagnostic accuracy of periapical lesions was found in Lx 2. The displays with and without DICOM-GSDF calibration studied in this research have similar accuracy and can be used to evaluate digital radiographs without changing the diagnostic capacity. The different ambient lighting conditions did not influence the evaluation of caries lesions. The best diagnostic accuracy of periapical lesions was found in moderate ambient lighting.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Calibragem , Humanos , Iluminação
10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 8432856, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35036440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has made dentists very assiduous about cross-infection during dental treatment, thereby delaying dental radiographs for treatment. However, patients needing dental emergency treatment in the ongoing pandemic require relevant intra/extraoral dental radiography for adequate diagnosis and treatment planning. METHODS: This article is aimed at adding to the hot debate: Is delay for intraoral radiographs justified or a possible proxy? As a narrative review, it provides an insight into the reasons for delaying intra-oral dental radiographs during in the pandemic and options of the nontraditional radiographic techniques available until the pandemic subsides. Discussion and Conclusion. Cross-contamination concerns through respiratory droplets grow while using intraoral film holders that stimulate gag reflex, coughing, saliva secretion, and if proper disinfection protocols are not applied. Since the patients' acquiring emergency dental treatment cannot be neglected, the return-to-work guidelines by the health regulatory bodies urge to prioritize extraoral radiographic imaging techniques to curb the infection, offering the best diagnostic efficacy. The dental professionals can consider cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans and sectional dental panoramic radiographs (SDPRs), followed by a risk assessment for COVID-19, a safer modality in reducing cross-contamination and assuring an innocuous environment for both patient and coworkers.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Radiografia Dentária/métodos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Pandemias , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Radiografia Panorâmica , Tempo para o Tratamento
11.
BMC Med Imaging ; 22(1): 4, 2022 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of automatic exposure compensation (AEC) of intraoral radiographic systems on the gray values of dental tissues in images acquired with or without high-density material in the exposed region using different exposure times and kilovoltages. The influence of the distance of the high-density material was also investigated. METHODS: Radiographs from the molar region of two mandibles were obtained using the RVG 6100 and the Express systems, operating at 60 and 70 kV and 0.06, 0.10, and 0.16 s. Subsequently, a titanium implant was inserted in the premolar's socket and other images were acquired. Using the ImageJ software, two regions of interest were determined on the enamel, coronary dentine, root dentine, and pulp of the first and second molars to obtain their gray values. RESULTS: In the RVG 6100, the implant did not affect the gray values (p > 0.05); the increase in kV decreased it in all tissues (p < 0.05), and the exposure time affected only the root dentine and pulp. In the Express, only enamel and coronary dentine values changed (p < 0.05), decreasing with the implant presence and/or with the increase in exposure factors. The distance of the implant did not affect the results (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: AEC's performance varies between the radiographic systems. Its effect on the gray values depends not only on the presence or absence of high-density material but also on the kV and exposure time used.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/diagnóstico por imagem , Polpa Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
Dent Traumatol ; 38(1): 62-70, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Under-estimating the damage caused by trauma to the dental structures may delay treatment. Timely and accurate diagnosis remains challenging in clinical practice. Radiography is an important modality for the diagnosis of traumatic injuries. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of periapical radiography and cone beam computed tomography for the diagnosis of trauma to the anterior maxillary dentoalveolar region in children and adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Images of patients who underwent both periapical radiography and cone beam computed tomography simultaneously because of trauma to the anterior maxillary region between January 2016 and January 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Pairwise comparison between the receiver operating characteristic curves was performed to statistically compare the two methods for the diagnosis of crown fractures, root fractures, alveolar bone fractures and luxations, tooth resorption, and periapical radiolucencies. RESULTS: A total of 190 patients met the inclusion criteria. There were 120 (63.2%) males and 70 (36.8%) females, with a mean age of 11.1 years (range: 6-17 years). A crown fracture was observed in 144 teeth, while a root fracture was observed in 71 teeth. Alveolar fracture and luxation were observed in 44 incisors. During follow-up, tooth resorption and periapical radiolucencies were observed in 25 and 33 teeth, respectively. Pairwise receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that cone beam computed tomography was significantly superior to periapical radiography for the diagnosis of root fractures, alveolar fractures and luxations, and tooth resorption (p < .05). However, no significant differences were found for the diagnosis of crown fractures and periapical radiolucencies (p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Cone beam computed tomography in the low-dose mode was better for diagnosing root and bone fractures and resorption, but no different to periapical radiographs for crown fractures and periapical radiolucencies in pediatric patients.


Assuntos
Radiografia Dentária Digital , Fraturas dos Dentes , Adolescente , Criança , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Raiz Dentária
13.
Oral Radiol ; 38(3): 356-362, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529235

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the performance of radiographic systems with automatic exposure compensation (AEC) on the caries diagnosis in images acquired with different exposure parameters and in the presence of high-density material. Also, the image quality was assessed. METHODS: Forty posterior teeth (80 proximal surfaces) were radiographed using a phosphor plate and a CMOS system. Images were acquired with different exposure times (0.06, 0.10 and 0.16 s) and kilovoltages (60 and 70kVp), in the absence and presence of high-density material in the X-rayed region (control and high-density groups). Five radiologists assessed the caries using a 5-point scale. Diagnostic values were compared using two-way ANOVA. RESULTS: For both radiographic systems, there were no significant differences in the area under the ROC curve (0.60-0.73), sensitivity (0.79-0.87) and specificity (0.29-0.48) between the control and high-density groups, exposure times or kilovoltages (p > 0.05). For image quality, scores assigned to the control and high-density groups were similar in each exposure protocol in both systems. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of high-density material, exposure time and kilovoltage did not affect the caries diagnosis in any of the systems tested. It is recommended to use protocols with lower doses to reduce the patient's exposure.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Humanos , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Curva ROC , Radiografia , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos
14.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 51(4): 20210404, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34860568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the dynamic range and enhancement ability of radiographs acquired with contemporary digital systems. METHODS: Five repeated periapical radiographs of human mandibles with an aluminium step-wedge were acquired using two sensor-based and three photostimulable phosphor plate-based systems and an X-ray unit at ten exposure times 0.020, 0.032, 0.063, 0.080, 0.100, 0.200, 0.320, 0.400, 0.500, and 0.630 s. All images had their brightness and contrast enhanced by two experienced oral and maxillofacial radiologists in consensus and were exported as both the original and enhanced file formats. Mean grey values were obtained from the aluminium steps and tabulated with their corresponding thicknesses for each exposure time, digital radiographic system, and file format. Images with saturated steps were excluded and the mean grey values from the remaining images were averaged to assess image brightness and the angular coefficient of the linear trendlines was generated from the relationship between mean grey values and their corresponding aluminium thicknesses to assess image contrast. Brightness and contrast values were compared using two-way ANOVA with post-hoc Tukey (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Photostimulable phosphor plate-based digital radiographic systems had a broader dynamic range. Longer exposure times produced original images with lower brightness and variable contrast (p < 0.05). Subjective enhancement significantly increased or reduced brightness and/or contrast in some systems (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Contemporary digital radiographic systems present different dynamic ranges and exposure-related brightness and contrast. Image enhancement may be a valuable tool at slightly suboptimal exposure times.


Assuntos
Alumínio , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Humanos , Mandíbula , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica/métodos , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos
15.
Oral Radiol ; 38(2): 234-239, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195932

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of the combined assessment of the original radiographic image with the Invert or Emboss digital enhancement filters in periapical radiographs obtained with different horizontal projection angles in the detection of simulated dental root fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four single-rooted teeth were selected, out of which 17 teeth were subjected to root fracture. Each tooth was individually placed in an empty socket of a dry human maxilla or mandible and X-rayed following the paralleling technique at three horizontal projections: mesial, right angle, distal. Then, the Invert and Emboss enhancement filters were applied. Five examiners independently evaluated all the images and rated the fractures using a 5-point scale. Weighted kappa test assessed the intra- and interexaminer agreements. Diagnostic values were calculated and the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were compared using two-way ANOVA with Tukey test as post hoc (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The inter- and intraexaminer agreement ranged from moderate to almost perfect and from substantial to almost perfect, respectively. Diagnostic values were considerably high for all conditions with no significant difference between the AUC values (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of the original radiographic image with the Invert or Emboss digital enhancement filters in periapical radiographs obtained with different projection angles did not influence the detection of simulated dental root fracture.


Assuntos
Radiografia Dentária Digital , Dente , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Radiografia , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 51(4): 20210314, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of enhancement filters in detecting small simulated internal root resorptions (IRR). METHODS:: Forty-two extracted human teeth were sectioned, connected, and stored in a dry human jaw and X-rayed with photostimulable phosphor plates (PSPs), composing the control group (CG). In the middle-third of the root canals, IRR lesions were simulated using Da Silveira protocol. Later, the specimens were X-rayed to create the test group (TG). All images acquired were exported with seven enhancement filters plus the original image. Three examiners used a five-point Likert scale to evaluate the images regarding the presence/absence of IRR. Diagnostic efficacy was assessed from sensitivity and specificity results. Comparison among filters was performed by using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS:: Moderate values of Kappa interexaminer (0.403-0.620) and high values of Kappa intraexaminer (0.757-0.915) were observed. The best performance occurred in the CG (p < 0.05). Original images presented the greatest sensitivity and area under the ROC curve (0.595-0.750), while the Endo filter presented the greatest specificity (0.952). Inversion and Pseudo-3D images produced the greatest doubt in the diagnosis, significant for CG with the Pseudo-3D filter (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS:: The Original and 'Endo' filters should be chosen as it offers greater diagnostic ability and allows more confidence during the evaluation.


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz , Humanos , Curva ROC , Radiografia , Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 51(1): 20210197, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233515

RESUMO

In the last few years, artificial intelligence (AI) research has been rapidly developing and emerging in the field of dental and maxillofacial radiology. Dental radiography, which is commonly used in daily practices, provides an incredibly rich resource for AI development and attracted many researchers to develop its application for various purposes. This study reviewed the applicability of AI for dental radiography from the current studies. Online searches on PubMed and IEEE Xplore databases, up to December 2020, and subsequent manual searches were performed. Then, we categorized the application of AI according to similarity of the following purposes: diagnosis of dental caries, periapical pathologies, and periodontal bone loss; cyst and tumor classification; cephalometric analysis; screening of osteoporosis; tooth recognition and forensic odontology; dental implant system recognition; and image quality enhancement. Current development of AI methodology in each aforementioned application were subsequently discussed. Although most of the reviewed studies demonstrated a great potential of AI application for dental radiography, further development is still needed before implementation in clinical routine due to several challenges and limitations, such as lack of datasets size justification and unstandardized reporting format. Considering the current limitations and challenges, future AI research in dental radiography should follow standardized reporting formats in order to align the research designs and enhance the impact of AI development globally.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Radiologia , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , Radiografia , Radiografia Dentária Digital
19.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e119, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878074

RESUMO

To evaluate the effect of selective or nonselective carious tissue removal and the use of a resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGIC) liner under bulk fill resin composite restoration on the stress at the pulp chamber, the elastic moduli of hard, firm, soft and intact dentin were calculated using nanoindentation. Post-gel shrinkage of the bulk fill resin composite and RMGIC were determined using the strain-gauge method. Six finite element models were created by using digital radiography with the combination of two study factors: a) carious tissue removal: selective removal or nonselective removal of carious tissue, and b) use of RMGIC liner: with or without 1.0 mm of RMGIC liner. The modified von Mises stresses (mvm) (MPa) were extracted on the nodes of the internal wall of the pulp ceiling chamber at 100 N occlusal loading. Data were analyzed descriptively and recorded quantitively. Both study factors influenced the stress distribution. The mvm stress during the restorative procedure was higher for nonselective carious tissue removal without RMGIC (25.9 MPa) and lower for selective carious tissue removal associated with RMGIC (13.5 MPa). The dentin elastic modulus increased from soft carious (3.6 ± 0.3 MPa) to firm carious (5.2 ± 1.0 MPa) to hard carious (10.9 ± 1.2 MPa) to intact dentin (22.7 ± 3.0 MPa). Molars with carious lesions showed high mvm stress at the pulp ceiling (89.6 MPa) and at fragilized coronal structure remaining. Selective carious tissue removal followed by restoration using a Vitrebond liner and Tetric N-Ceram Bulk fill reduced the stress at the pulp chamber ceiling.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Radiografia Dentária Digital , Resinas Acrílicas , Materiais Dentários , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Dente Molar , Dióxido de Silício
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e104, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816893

RESUMO

This study aims to develop a nano-sized fluoridated layered double hydroxide (LDH)-based release system via hydrothermal treatment for the controlled delivery of fluoride (F-) ions in the oral environment. The synthesis of conventional LDH-type (C-LDH) precursor nanomaterials was conducted using a co-precipitation method at constant pH, and the nanoparticulate-LDH (N-LDH) was synthesized by a hydrothermal procedure. Fluoride LDH (F-LDH) products were obtained through indirect synthesis using the precursor ion-exchange technique by varying the agitation time (2 and 24 h) and temperature (25 and 40 °C) to produce 12 material samples. The materials were characterized by energy dispersive x-ray, hexamethyldisilazane, digital radiography x-ray, Fourier-transform infrared, thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. Additionally, the F-release kinetic profile was evaluated for 21 d in neutral and acid media with mathematical model analysis. Products with varying F-quantities were obtained, revealing specific release profiles. In general, there was a higher F-release in the acid medium, with emphasis on F-LDH-8. Fluoride-LDH and controlled fluoride delivery was successfully obtained, proving the potential of these nanomaterials as alternative anti-caries agents.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fluoretos , Cariostáticos , Humanos , Hidróxidos , Radiografia Dentária Digital
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