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2.
Radiologia (Engl Ed) ; 64(2): 101-102, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504674
3.
Radiologia (Engl Ed) ; 64(2): 169-178, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504683

RESUMO

Mónico Sánchez Moreno (1880-1961) was an important figure in the early years of electromedicine, rubbing elbows with world-class physicists like Nikola Tesla. Her main contribution to the field was the invention and commercialization of a portable X-ray generator, replacing the heavy transformer had been necessary to generate power with a lightweight portable device that could work with direct or alternating current at 220 or 125V. This device was easily adaptable to other applications in electromedicine, such as cauterization or disinfection. This indefatigable entrepreneur could have triumphed in America, but preferred to work toward furthering technological development in the land that she loved. Her efforts made it possible to have an affordable device made in Spain that would allow radiological examinations to be done in places where it would have been otherwise unthinkable. In conclusion, Mónico Sánchez Moreno was a self-made woman who deserves to be remembered for her pioneering role in portable radiology.


Assuntos
Radiologia , Tecnologia Radiológica , Feminino , Humanos , Espanha
6.
Artif Intell Med ; 128: 102281, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534140

RESUMO

Proximal femur fractures represent a major health concern, and substantially contribute to the morbidity of elderly. Correct classification and diagnosis of hip fractures has a significant impact on mortality, costs and hospital stay. In this paper, we present a method and empirical validation for automatic subclassification of proximal femur fractures and Dutch radiological report generation that does not rely on manually curated data. The fracture classification model was trained on 11,000 X-ray images obtained from 5000 electronic health records in a general hospital. To generate the Dutch reports, we first trained an embedding model on 20,000 radiological reports of pelvic region fractures, and used its embeddings in the report generation model. We trained the report generation model on the 5000 radiological reports associated with the fracture cases. Our report generation model is on par with state-of-the-art in terms of BLEU and ROUGE scores. This is promising, because in contrast to those earlier works, our approach does not require manual preprocessing of either images or the reports. This boosts the applicability of automatic clinical report generation in practice. A quantitative and qualitative user study among medical students found no significant difference in provenance of real and generated reports. A qualitative, in-depth clinical relevance study with medical domain experts showed that from a human perspective the quality of the generated reports approximates the quality of the original reports and highlights challenges in creating sufficiently detailed and versatile training data for automatic radiology report generation.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Radiologia , Idoso , Fêmur , Fraturas do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Idioma , Radiografia
7.
Radiologe ; 62(5): 451-462, 2022 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501563
9.
Rofo ; 194(5): 564, 2022 05.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508159
10.
Semin Roentgenol ; 57(2): 168-171, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523531
11.
Radiologia (Engl Ed) ; 64 Suppl 1: 4-10, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428466

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate radiology residents' opinions about breast imaging and the possibility of choosing this subspecialty after completing their residency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We elaborated a 15-question survey aimed at radiology residents in Spain. The survey was approved by the Spanish Society of Breast Imaging (SEDIM) and the Spanish Society of Medical Radiology (SERAM), and it was disseminated by the SERAM through links to Google Forms via social networks and emails. Responses sent between February 21, 2020 and July 31, 2020 were accepted. RESULTS: A total of 72 residents responded to the survey (7.83% response rate); 69.44% of these were third- or fourth-year residents. Of the respondents, 73.61% knew about the SEDIM, and 18.06% knew about the European Society of Breast Imaging. The duration of training programs was three months for 70.83% of respondents. In 7.84% of the responses, residents stated that their supervision was less than 50%, and 70.59% of the residents stated that the rotation exceeded their expectations. One-third of the respondents would consider a fellowship in breast imaging. In all hospitals, residents did diagnostic mammography and breast ultrasound; not all did interventional procedures. Aspects of breast imaging that were rated negatively included the lack of CT studies and the possible legal repercussions of errors. Aspects that were rated positively were dynamics, interventionism, and the role of the radiologist in the process of care for patients with breast cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Most residents considered that their rotations in breast imaging exceeded their expectations; however, only a small percentage of residents would consider specializing in the field.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Radiologia , Bolsas de Estudo , Humanos , Mamografia , Radiologia/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Arch Iran Med ; 25(3): 196-200, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35429964

RESUMO

Abdulkarim Vessal, a distinguished professor of the Shiraz School of Medicine, was the founder of the "Archives of Iranian Medicine Journal" and a permanent member of the "Iranian Academy of Medical Sciences", who finally, after five decades of efforts to promote radiology and medical journalism in Iran, passed away on February 18, 2022 in Shiraz. His demise is a great loss for the Iranian medical community, especially in Shiraz. In the present paper, his life and career are briefly reviewed.


Assuntos
Radiologia , Academias e Institutos , História do Século XX , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)
13.
Clin Imaging ; 86: 83-88, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367867

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess radiology representation, multimedia content, and multilingual content of United States lung cancer screening (LCS) program websites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified the websites of US LCS programs with the Google internet search engine using the search terms lung cancer screening, low-dose CT screening, and lung screening. We used a standardized checklist to assess and collect specific content, including information regarding LCS staff composition and references to radiologists and radiology. We also tabulated types and frequencies of included multimedia and multilingual content and patient narratives. RESULTS: We analyzed 257 unique websites. Of these, only 48% (124 of 257) referred to radiologists or radiology in text, images, or videos. Radiologists were featured in images or videos on only 14% (36 of 257) of websites. Radiologists were most frequently acknowledged for their roles in reading or interpreting imaging studies (35% [90 of 574]). Regarding multimedia content, only 36% (92 of 257) of websites had 1 image, 27% (70 of 257) included 2 or more images, and 26% (68 of 257) of websites included one or more videos. Only 3% (7 of 257) of websites included information in a language other than English. Patient narratives were found on only 15% (39 of 257) of websites. CONCLUSIONS: The field of Radiology is mentioned in text, images, or videos by less than half of LCS program websites. Most websites make only minimal use of multimedia content such as images, videos, and patient narratives. Few websites provide LCS information in languages other than English, potentially limiting accessibility to diverse populations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Radiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Humanos , Internet , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Multimídia , Ferramenta de Busca , Estados Unidos
14.
World J Surg ; 46(6): 1270-1277, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35397751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiological assessment is an important skill to develop in general surgery training. Therefore, we aimed to determine general surgery residents' points of view on receiving formal radiology didactics. METHODS: We performed an anonymous survey of general surgery residents throughout the USA. The survey queried the residents' postgraduate year, training program type, diagnostic radiology education in their training program, as well as the residents' comfort level in interpreting various imaging modalities, followed by a series of images to assess the residents' ability to interpret images showing various surgical disease processes. RESULTS: A total of 365 residents responded to the survey. In total, 76.6% of the respondent states that there is no structured didactic session in their program on radiological studies. However, 66.3% felt that interpretation of radiological images should be used to determine surgical competency and promotion to the next academic year. In terms of accurately reading images-68.7% of the residents were able to read an X-ray showing cecal volvulus correctly, 51.9% were able to read a cholangiogram correctly, and 95.3% were correctly read an X-ray showing free under the diaphragm. CONCLUSION: Most residents favored having radiological assessments as part of the competency evaluation. Furthermore, a curriculum and inbuilt training structure that aims to ensure residents develop competent clinical image interpretation abilities may enhance the development and retention of such skills, ultimately influencing patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Geral , Internato e Residência , Radiologia , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Humanos , Radiologia/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Acad Radiol ; 29(5): 771-778, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379478

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 pandemic has transformed radiology recruitment into a virtual affair and placed an even stronger emphasis on the importance of departmental websites. In this study, we evaluate residency websites in detailing the response to COVID-19 as well as initiatives which help describe the resident experience. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Program websites for diagnostic radiology residencies listed in the 2022 Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) program list were evaluated for 31 criteria related to departmental response to COVID-19, online outreach, and resident wellness. RESULTS: Of 184 programs, 182 had functioning websites for review. One program was excluded from analysis as the website was almost entirely video-based. In response to COVID-19, ≤1% described resident redeployment, vaccination information, departmental response to ABR Core Exam changes, or regular administration updates. Six (3.3%) described revised read-out protocols, four (2.2%) mentioned supplementary non-clinical education, and 14 (7.7%) indicated changes to educational conferences. The majority of websites (122, 67.4%) offered an informational or tour video, while 44 (24.3%) described expectations for virtual interviewing, and 20 (11.0%) had virtual "open-houses." Departmental social media, primarily Twitter, was linked for 60 (33.1%) programs. A total of 134 (74.0%) websites described community highlights. More than a quarter mentioned meal stipends (72, 39.8%), paid sick time (54, 29.8%) and healthcare resources (57, 31.5%). Although social activities were described by 44 (24.3%) programs, some specifically indicating changes to COVID-19, formal resident mentoring (25, 13.8%) and wellness committees (28, 15.5%) were less common. These criteria were found more commonly at the largest third of residency programs (chi square, p < 0.00625). CONCLUSION: Programs rarely described work flow changes to COVID-19, and websites could improve in virtual outreach. Compared with prior literature, departmental websites have improved in describing wellness initiatives and related measures.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Internato e Residência , Radiologia , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Humanos , Pandemias , Radiologia/educação
17.
J Biomed Inform ; 129: 104060, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367653

RESUMO

Healthcare managers are confronted with various Capacity Management decisions to determine appropriate levels of resources such as equipment and staff. Given the significant impact of these decisions, they should be taken with great care. The increasing amount of process execution data - i.e. event logs - stored in Hospital Information Systems (HIS) can be leveraged using Data-Driven Process Simulation (DDPS), an emerging field of Process Mining, to provide decision-support information to healthcare managers. While existing research on DDPS mainly focuses on the fully automated discovery of simulation models from event logs, the interaction between process execution data and domain expertise has received little attention. Nevertheless, data quality issues in real-life process execution data stored in HIS prevent the discovery of accurate and reliable models from this data. Therefore, complementary information from domain experts is necessary. In this paper, we describe the application of DDPS in healthcare by means of an extensive real-life case study at the radiology department of a Belgium hospital. In addition to formulating our recommendations towards the radiology management, we will elaborate on the experienced challenges and formulate recommendations to move research on DDPS within a healthcare context forward. In this respect, explicit attention is attributed to data quality assessment, as well as the interaction between the use of process execution data and domain expertise.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Informação Hospitalar , Radiologia , Atenção à Saúde , Hospitais , Humanos
20.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e059216, 2022 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35393330

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effect of gender, rank and research productivity on compensation for faculty at academic medical centres. DESIGN: A web-based retrospective review of salary for professors in 2016. SETTING: Faculty from six state-run, publicly funded academic medical centres in the Western USA. PARTICIPANTS: 799 faculty members, 225 assistant (51% women), 200 associate (40% women) and 374 full professors (32% women) from general surgery (26% women), obstetrics and gynaecology (70% women) and radiology (34% women). METHODS: Archived online faculty profiles were reviewed for gender, rank and compensation (total, baseline and supplemental). Total compensation was defined as baseline compensation plus supplemental income. Baseline compensation was defined as base salary minus reductions due to participation in the voluntary Employee Reduction in Time and phased retirement programmes. Supplemental income was defined as additional salary for clinical care and research (eg, grants). Elsevier's Scopus was used to collect data on h-index, a measure of research productivity. Linear regression models were estimated to determine the relationship between these factors and salary. RESULTS: Total compensation was significantly higher for men across all professorial ranks in both general surgery [Formula: see text] and obstetrics and gynaecology [Formula: see text]. Women faculty members within these departments earned almost US$75 000 less than their men colleagues. The disparity in salary originates from gaps in supplemental income, as baseline compensation was not significantly different between men and women. No significant gender difference in total compensation for radiology was found [Formula: see text]. Higher h-index was associated with higher baseline compensation across all departments as well as with supplemental income for general surgery. Higher h-index was related to lower supplemental income for radiology and was not related to supplemental income for obstetrics and gynaecology. CONCLUSIONS: Further investigations should focus on discrepancies in supplemental income, which may preferentially benefit men.


Assuntos
Radiologia , Salários e Benefícios , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Docentes de Medicina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Estados Unidos
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