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BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 365, 2024 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38918802


BACKGROUND: Rejection is a highly stressful experience and individuals tend to avoid it whenever possible. In intimate relationships, experiences of rejection can shape the interaction dynamics between partners. Highly rejection sensitive people fear that their romantic partner will reject them and they overreact to any ambiguous cues that might indicate rejection. Furthermore, because they focus on the threat of rejection, they may have difficulty disengaging from rejection-related emotions, persevere in a rejection-focused state and have a reduced capacity to regulate their emotions. The prolonged experience of strong negative emotions, together with maladaptive attempts to respond to rejection, may undermine key relationship maintenance processes that contribute to relationship functioning and lead to negative reciprocity in interactions. The goal of the present study was to shed light on how individuals experience rejection-related emotions and determine whether, following perceptions of negative interactions, rejection sensitivity was associated with stronger negative responses and less efficient downregulation of negative emotions. In addition, we examined whether dyadic patterns of rejection sensitivity were associated with negative emotion dynamics following perceptions of negative interactions. METHODS: The participants (N = 298) were couples experiencing the transition to parenthood. A multilevel modelling approach was used to assess the associations between rejection sensitivity, perceptions of negative interactions and emotional states. The analyses included repeated daily reports for both rejection and emotions. RESULTS: The results suggest that rejection sensitive individuals do not report higher negative emotions when they perceive negative interactions. Moreover, rejection sensitive men and women did not remain longer in a negative emotional state after they perceived negative interactions with their partner. Finally, when both men and women partners reported higher levels of rejection sensitivity, neither reported having higher negative emotions after experiencing negative interaction perceptions. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide further insights into emotional dynamics and rejection sensitivity in romantic relationships. Our results do not provide evidence for a link between rejection sensitivity and higher negative emotions or slower recovery after reports of negative interactions. If individuals suppress their emotions, they may not benefit from regulation with their partner and instead may protect themselves over their relationships. However, in this context, rejection sensitivity might also not constitute a strong predictor of daily emotion fluctuations, but other variables- such as relationship satisfaction - might. Future research may investigate emotional responses in a sample with higher levels of rejection sensitivity and use more diverse measures of perceptions of negative interactions.

Emoções , Relações Interpessoais , Rejeição em Psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Percepção Social
J Exp Psychol Gen ; 153(7): 1765-1789, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38780566


Many social ties end when one side rejects the other, but rejection does not need to happen directly. Ghosting-the act of ending a relationship by ignoring another person's attempts to connect-is a common way of ending social ties. The present experiments first establish the key characteristics of ghosting and distinguish it from other rejection behaviors (Pilot Studies 1a-1c). The experiments then proceed to explore the relational and motivational implications of this behavior, finding that ghosters (those who ghost) care about the well-being of ghostees (those who are ghosted) more than ghostees realize. This result occurs in recalled instances of ghosting (Experiment 1), when ghosting in real time (Experiment 2), and when refraining from ghosting is monetarily costly (Experiment 3). We find that this occurs partly because ghostees underestimate the other-oriented motives involved in ghosting, misunderstanding that ghosters ghost partly as a way to end a tie while avoiding hurting ghostees' feelings (Experiments 4-6). Indeed, greater other-oriented motives lead to a higher likelihood of ghosting others (Experiment 7). A final experiment finds relational consequences whereby ghostees miss out on opportunities for future help exchange due to their underestimation of the extent to which ghosters care about them (Experiment 8). Ghosting is social rejection without explanation or feedback, but not without care. This study highlights how prosocial motives can drive rejection behaviors and the role of interpersonal accuracy in mitigating the negative effects of social rejection. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).

Distância Psicológica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Relações Interpessoais , Motivação , Adulto Jovem , Interação Social , Rejeição em Psicologia , Comportamento Social
J Adolesc ; 96(4): 830-840, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402417


INTRODUCTION: Early life stress is linked to childhood obesity. As children enter adolescence, early life stress may be associated with increased rejection sensitivity, resulting in activation of behavioral and physiological changes that contribute to higher body mass index (BMI). Understanding the potential influence of rejection sensitivity on the association between early life stress and BMI is important to examine in female adolescents. For this secondary data analysis, we hypothesized that female adolescents with greater early life stress and greater rejection sensitivity would exhibit higher BMI-for-age 12 months later. METHODS: Seventy-eight adolescents (Mage = 13.1 years; 100% female sex; MBMI = 23.2 kg/m2) in the United States completed study procedures from 2012 to 2016. Among these procedures, the Psychosocial Schedule was used to assess cumulative early life stress and the Children's Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire was used to assess anger and anxiety in response to rejection. Twelve months later, height and weight were measured to derive BMI-for-age. RESULTS: Higher early life stress was associated with higher BMI-for-age among female adolescents with low rejection-provoked anger (1 SD below the mean). However, this association was not observed among female adolescents with high rejection-provoked anger (1 SD above the mean). Finally, there was no significant interaction between early life stress and rejection-provoked anxiety in predicting BMI-for-age. CONCLUSIONS: Experiencing early life stress may interact with rejection-provoked anger, but not anxiety, to predict BMI-for-age. Findings inform a developmental perspective of how rejection sensitivity may influence the association between early life stress and early cardiometabolic risk.

Ira , Ansiedade , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estresse Psicológico , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Ansiedade/psicologia , Criança , Rejeição em Psicologia , Estados Unidos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Obesidade Infantil/psicologia
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv ; 62(7): 47-55, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166594


The purpose of the current study was to examine the serial mediating effects of rejection sensitivity and social withdrawal on parental psychological control and attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help among senior high school students. In November 2022, 648 students completed a self-report questionnaire. The parental psychological control scale, senior high school students' rejection sensitivity scale, social withdrawal scale, and attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help scale were used for measurement. Correlation analysis showed parental psychological control and rejection sensitivity were positively correlated with social withdrawal (r = 0.387, 0.466, 0.495, all p < 0.001). Parental psychological control and rejection sensitivity were significantly negatively correlated with social withdrawal and attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help (r = -0.325, -0.324, -0.397, all p < 0.001). Mediating effect analysis indicated that parental psychological control had a significant direct effect on attitude toward seeking professional psychological help, and rejection sensitivity and social withdrawal had significant serial mediating effects among parental psychological control and attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help in senior high school students. These aspects warrant attention as they play significant roles in influencing students' willingness to seek psychological assistance. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 62(7), 47-55.].

Pais , Estudantes , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pais/psicologia , Rejeição em Psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Distância Psicológica
J Genet Psychol ; 185(3): 219-232, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233991


The study investigated relations among adults' memories of parental acceptance-rejection in childhood and adults' current dispositions toward forgiveness and vengeance, as mediated by psychological (mal)adjustment. Data were collected from 258 adults (female = 183, Age range = 17-47 years; Mage = 39; SD = 11.4). Measures used were the short forms of the maternal and paternal Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaires (PARQ), the short form of the Adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire (PAQ), the Heartland Forgiveness Scale (HFS), the Vengeance Scale (VS-10), and a Personal Information Form (PIF). Results showed that maternal and paternal rejection was positively associated with psychological maladjustment and negatively correlated with forgiveness for both men and women. Moreover, psychological maladjustment showed a negative relation with forgiveness and a positive relation with vengeance. Findings revealed that parental (maternal and paternal) rejection was not significantly associated with vengeance for men. However, maternal (not paternal) rejection was significantly associated with a vengeance for women. Path analysis revealed a significant indirect effect of maternal and paternal rejection on forgiveness and vengeance through psychological maladjustment. Results found no significant gender differences in the path analyses. Findings are discussed considering the Iranian culture and religious beliefs. Implications of the results and future research directions are discussed.

Perdão , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Irã (Geográfico) , Rejeição em Psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Pai
J Genet Psychol ; 185(3): 194-203, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38247276


The study investigated whether adults' memories of parental acceptance-rejection in childhood predict their current levels of forgiveness and vengeance as mediated by psychological (mal)adjustment. The data were collected from 252 young adults (Women = 137, Men = 115, Age range = 18 - 22 years; Mage = 19.42; SD = 0.99). Measures used were the Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ) short form for fathers and mothers, the Adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire (PAQ) short form for adults, the Heartland Forgiveness Scale (HFS), the Vengeance Scale (VS-10), and the Personal Information Form. Mediation analysis indicated that memories of maternal and paternal rejection predicted vengeance as mediated by psychological maladjustment among both men and women. Further, women's and men's memories of parental (both maternal and paternal) acceptance predicted forgiveness as mediated by psychological adjustment.

Perdão , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Adulto , Rejeição em Psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Pai/psicologia , Ajustamento Emocional
J Genet Psychol ; 185(3): 181-193, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38079276


The study investigated relations among parental (maternal and paternal) acceptance-rejection and dispositions toward forgiveness and vengeance, as mediated by psychological (mal)adjustment. Data were collected using convenience sampling from 341 adults (87% females) ranging from 18 years to above 52 years old. Measures used were short forms of the maternal and paternal Adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaires (PARQ) to investigate recollections of parental acceptance-rejection, the short form of the Adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire (PAQ) to evaluate which participants were psychologically (mal)adjusted, the Heartland Forgiveness Scale (HFS), the Vengeance Scale (VS-10) to investigate levels of forgiveness and vengeance respectively, and a Personal Information Form (PIF). The results indicated that participants perceived significant signs of paternal rejection and substantial maternal acceptance during childhood. Men and women self-reported fair psychological adjustment. Women reported having no disposition toward vengeance, whereas men slightly leaned toward vengeance. Participants were equally likely to be unforgiving as forgiving. Psychological adjustment mediated the relations between maternal acceptance (but not paternal acceptance) and forgiveness among men and women. Psychological maladjustment mediated the relations between maternal rejection and vengeance among women, but not men. Psychological maladjustment did not mediate relations between paternal rejection and vengeance. Limitations and implications of the findings are discussed.

Ajustamento Emocional , Perdão , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Egito , Rejeição em Psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia
J Genet Psychol ; 185(3): 204-218, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38112321


The study investigated relations among memories of parental (maternal and paternal) acceptance-rejection, forgiveness, and vengeance, as mediated by psychological (mal)adjustment. The sample consists of 323 Turkish adults (50% females; Age range: 18-61 years; Mage = 35.73, SD = 10.41) from Istanbul, Turkiye. Participants responded to mother and father versions of the adult Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (adult PARQ; short form), the adult Personality Assessment Questionnaire (adult PAQ; short form), the Heartland Forgiveness Scale, the Vengeance Scale, and the Personal Information Form. The results showed that both men and women remembered their parents as substantially warm and accepting during childhood and self-reported having fair psychological adjustment. Men and women were found to be equally likely to be forgiving as unforgiving and reported no dispositions toward vengeance. However, men reported higher levels of vengeance as compared to women. Psychological adjustment mediated the relations between parental acceptance and forgiveness, while psychological maladjustment mediated the relations between parental rejection and vengefulness for women and men. Implications of the findings and future research directions are discussed.

Perdão , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rejeição em Psicologia , Turquia , Pais/psicologia , Ajustamento Emocional
J Genet Psychol ; 185(3): 155-161, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38112316


The studies in this special issue on forgiveness and vengeance in the Muslim world explore three hypotheses drawn from interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory (IPARTheory): (1) Adults' memories of maternal and paternal acceptance in childhood are associated with the disposition toward forgiveness, as mediated by psychological adjustment. (2) Adults' memories of maternal and paternal rejection in childhood are associated with the disposition toward vengeance, as mediated by psychological maladjustment. (3) There are no significant gender differences in relations between adults' (men's and women's) memories of parental acceptance-rejection in childhood and adults' disposition toward forgiveness or vengeance, as mediated by psychological (mal)adjustment. Results of most studies reported here conclude that memories of parental (maternal and paternal) acceptance in childhood are significantly related to men's and women's disposition toward forgiveness and vengeance as mediated by psychological (mal)adjustment. However, gender and cultural differences also sometimes appear as significant contributors.

Perdão , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Islamismo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Rejeição em Psicologia , Pais/psicologia
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 44: e257594, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1558739


Addictive behaviors related to Internet are becoming more common and this tool has been essential once it enables home office, entertainment, homeschooling, and easy access to information. Despite the easiness brought by technology, the exaggerated use has affected users in different ways, including in the development of psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to assess internet addiction, depression, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), attention, impulsivity, and stress in 48 adolescents (26 young women and 22 young men), aged from 15 to 18 years, with a mean age of 16.74 (0.61), mostly students of public schools, during COVID-19, to investigate correlations between these variables according to sex and sociodemographic aspects. To assess the factors, the Internet Addiction Test (IAT); the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham Rating Scale (SNAP-IV) Questionnaire ; the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress scale for brazilian adolescents (EDAE-A); the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11); and a sociodemographic questionnaire were applied. The data collection was performed in schools located in southern Brazil. The results indicated that 12 out of 48 adolescents were considered addicted to the Internet. Moreover, Internet addiction was a predictor of depression in regression analysis (p<0.001). In addition, participants classified as more addicted to the Internet scored lower averages in general attention (p<0.035) and higher averages in behavioral symptoms of inattention and ADHD (p<0.050), stress (p<0.003), anxiety (p<0.016), and depression (p<0.015), with effect sizes ranging from moderate to high. Therefore, the intense internet use by adolescents might cause psychological consequences such as depression in adolescents. Family support and professional intervention might help in the reduction of symptoms and consequences of internet addiction as well as in its prevention.(AU)

A dependência de internet é cada vez mais comum, pois essa ferramenta tem se tornado imprescindível, uma vez que possibilita home office, entretenimento, educação domiciliar e fácil acesso às informações. No entanto, o uso exagerado da tecnologia afeta os usuários de diversas formas, inclusive no desenvolvimento de transtornos psiquiátricos. Este estudo visou avaliar a dependência de internet, depressão, ansiedade, hiperatividade, atenção, impulsividade e estresse em 48 adolescentes (26 meninas e 22 meninos) de 15 a 18 anos, com idade média de 16,74 (0,61), estudantes de escolas públicas do Sul do Brasil durante a covid-19, para investigar correlações entre as variáveis anteriores de acordo com gênero e aspectos sociodemográficos. Para avaliar, aplicou-se o Internet Addiction Test (IAT), um teste de atenção, escala SNAP IV, escala de depressão, ansiedade e estresse para adolescentes (EDAE-A), escala de impulsividade de Barratt e um questionário sociodemográfico. Os resultados indicaram que 12 adolescentes foram considerados viciados em internet, e que a dependência desta foi preditora da depressão na análise de regressão (p < 0,001). Ainda, os participantes classificados como adictos tiveram médias mais baixas em atenção geral (p < 0,035) e mais altas em sintomas comportamentais de desatenção e hiperatividade (p < 0,050), estresse (p < 0,003), ansiedade (p < 0,016) e depressão (p < 0,015), com efeitos que variaram de moderado a alto. Portanto, o uso intenso da internet por adolescentes pode ter consequências psicológicas, como a depressão. Bom apoio familiar e intervenção profissional podem ajudar na redução dos sintomas e consequências, bem como na prevenção da dependência.(AU)

La adicción a Internet es cada vez más habitual, puesto que esta herramienta es esencial para el trabajo remoto, el entretenimiento, la educación domiciliar y el fácil acceso a la información. Sin embargo, su uso exagerado afecta a la vida de las personas de diferentes maneras, incluso en el desarrollo de trastornos psiquiátricos. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la adicción a Internet, depresión, ansiedad, hiperactividad, atención, impulsividad y estrés en 48 adolescentes (26 muchachas y 22 muchachos), de entre 15 y 18 años, con una edad promedio de 16,74 (0,61), en su mayoría estudiantes de escuelas públicas del Sur de Brasil, durante la pandemia de la COVID-19, para investigar las correlaciones entre las variables mencionadas según género y aspectos sociodemográficos. Para evaluar los factores, se aplicaron el Test de Adicción a Internet (TAI), un test de atención, la escala SNAP IV, la Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés para adolescentes (EDAE-A), la escala de impulsividad de Barratt y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Los resultados indicaron que 12 adolescentes fueron considerados adictos a Internet, además, la adicción a Internet fue un predictor de la depresión en el análisis de regresión (p<0,001). Igualmente, los participantes clasificados como más adictos a Internet tuvieron promedios más bajos en atención general (p<0,035), y más altos en síntomas conductuales de falta de atención e hiperactividad (p<0,050), estrés (p<0,003), ansiedad (p<0,016) y depresión (p<0,015), con efectos que varían de moderado a alto. Por lo tanto, el uso intenso podría producir consecuencias psicológicas como la depresión en los adolescentes. Tener un buen apoyo familiar e intervención profesional puede ayudar a reducir los síntomas y las consecuencias de la adicción a Internet, así como prevenirla.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adolescente , Transtorno de Adição à Internet , Dependência de Tecnologia , Transtornos Mentais , Percepção , Desenvolvimento da Personalidade , Fenômenos Psicológicos , Testes Psicológicos , Psicologia , Psicologia Social , Desempenho Psicomotor , Psicopatologia , Psicoterapia , Rejeição em Psicologia , Autoimagem , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Ajustamento Social , Alienação Social , Meio Social , Isolamento Social , Ciências Sociais , Socialização , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Sociologia , Estresse Psicológico , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Terapêutica , Tempo , Simplificação do Trabalho , Consultórios Médicos , Transtorno Bipolar , Tédio , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , Timidez , Atividades Cotidianas , Computadores , Exercício Físico , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Comorbidade , Córtex Cerebral , Defesa da Criança e do Adolescente , Proteção da Criança , Saúde Mental , Saúde Pública , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Comportamento do Adolescente , Comportamento Aditivo , Gerenciamento do Tempo , Cognição , Meios de Comunicação , Comportamento do Consumidor , Manifestações Neurocomportamentais , Transtornos Neurocognitivos , Senso de Humor e Humor , Aconselhamento , Educação a Distância , Afeto , Cultura , Saúde do Adolescente , Transtorno Depressivo , Deslocamento Psicológico , Economia , Emoções , Equipamentos e Provisões , Prevenção de Doenças , Teste de Esforço , Cérebro , Conflito Familiar , Medo , Comportamento Sedentário , Função Executiva , Pandemias , Disfunção Cognitiva , Mídias Sociais , Financiamento Pessoal , Atenção Plena , Habilidades Sociais , Smartphone , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Procrastinação , Neuroticismo , Desempenho Acadêmico , Sucesso Acadêmico , Realidade Virtual , Cyberbullying , Redes Sociais Online , Tempo de Tela , Frustração , Análise de Dados , Intervenção Baseada em Internet , Angústia Psicológica , Comparação Social , Interação Social , COVID-19 , Tempo Cognitivo Lento , Jogos Eletrônicos de Movimento , Privação Social , Fatores Sociodemográficos , Transtorno do Comportamento Sexual Compulsivo , Transtorno Desafiador Opositor , Tonsila do Cerebelo , Hostilidade , Visita Domiciliar , Ergonomia , Comportamento Impulsivo , Relações Interpessoais , Introversão Psicológica , Ira , Aprendizagem , Sistema Límbico , Solidão , Processos Mentais , Motivação , Atividade Motora , Movimento , Neurologia
An. psicol ; 39(3): 425-434, Oct-Dic, 2023. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-224944


La relación con los progenitores es un aspecto clave en el desa-rrollo adolescente, pues el sentimiento de aceptación o rechazo por parte de estos se ha visto relacionado con el ajuste psicológico de la descenden-cia. A su vez, la resiliencia, habitualmente conceptualizada como capacidad para gestionar o adaptarse a los retos y la adversidad, resultaría fundamental para el ajuste en dicho periodo, caracterizado por numerosos cambios y re-tos simultáneos en distintos aspectos vitales. Por ello, el objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la capacidad predictiva de las dimensiones de socializa-ción parental afecto-comunicacióny crítica-rechazosobre la resiliencia adolescen-te. Método:Participan 899 adolescentes (50.4% mujeres) de entre 12 y 19 años (M= 14.68; DT= 1.73). Mediante regresiones lineales se analiza la capacidad predictiva de las dimensiones de socialización parental sobre la resiliencia filial. Resultados:Se comprueba que las dimensiones paternas, es-pecialmente la crítica-rechazo, resultan más significativas a la hora de predecir las puntuaciones en resiliencia. Discusión: Los resultados apuntan a la rele-vancia de la crítica-rechazo sentida por los y las adolescentes, especialmente en el caso de proceder del padre. Se discute la posible interpretación dife-rencial de los y las adolescentes de las dimensiones en función del sexo de los progenitores.(AU)

Parent-child relations are a key aspect in adolescent develop-ment, since feelings of parental acceptance or rejection have been found to be associated with teenagers’ psychological adjustment. Resilience, usually conceptualised as the ability to manage or adapt to challenges and adversi-ty, is a fundamental factor in adjustment during adolescence, a period characterised by numerous simultaneous changes and challenges in differ-ent aspects of life. The aim of the present study is therefore to analyse the predictive capacity of different dimensions of parental socialisation (affec-tion-communication and criticism-rejection) on adolescent resilience. Meth-od:Participants were 899 adolescents (50.4% female), aged 12 to19 years (M= 14.68; SD= 1.73). Linear regressions were performed to analyse the predictive capacity of the different dimensions of parental socialisation on adolescent resilience. Results:Paternal dimensions, especially paternal criti-cism-rejection, were revealed as relevant factors for predicting resilience scores. Discussion:The results point to the important impact of the criti-cism-rejection felt by adolescents, especially if perceived from the father. Different possible interpretations of these dimensions are discussed, in ac-cordance with whether they are perceived from the mother or the fathe.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Resiliência Psicológica , Psicologia do Adolescente , Poder Familiar , Relações Mãe-Filho , Relações Pai-Filho , Rejeição em Psicologia , Afeto , Comunicação , Psicologia Social , Psicologia Clínica , Comportamento do Adolescente
J Couns Psychol ; 70(5): 535-547, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37384490


The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of healing from family rejection among transgender and nonbinary Latinx individuals. Participants were asked how they navigated family dynamics related to gender identity and specific behaviors or resources that promoted their healing from experiences of family rejection. Data from 12 interviews with Latinx nonbinary and transgender adults were analyzed through a critical-constructivist grounded theory method resulting in a hierarchy composed of three clusters related to the core category (healing from family rejection leads to the recreation of diasporic identity and community as one learns to live authentically in their ethnic/racial gendered expression). These clusters included recreation of the family system, community-based cultural healing, and autonomy in trans identity and psychological well-being. Relevant contributions to research and implications for psychologists are reviewed: (a) Latinx diasporic identity formation is facilitated through the reconstruction of familial relationships and cultural healing, and (b) chosen family and supportive community networks may adopt the responsibility of ethnic-racial socialization after proximity to family of origin is lost. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).

Adaptação Psicológica , Conflito Familiar , Hispânico ou Latino , Rejeição em Psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Identificação Social , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Identidade de Gênero , Hispânico ou Latino/psicologia , Comportamento Social , Socialização , Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia , Migração Humana , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/etnologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Teoria Fundamentada , Características de Residência
J Psychiatr Res ; 164: 23-27, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37311400


Rejection sensitivity (RS) reflects the disposition to anxiously expect, readily perceive, and disproportionately react to rejection. It is linked to interpersonal problems and psychopathological symptoms, which are frequent in severe alcohol use disorder (SAUD) and are known to influence clinical outcomes. Consequently, RS has been put forward as a process of interest in this disorder. However, empirical studies investigating RS in SAUD are scarce and focused on its last two components, leaving the core process of anxious expectations of rejection unexplored. To fil this gap, 105 patients with SAUD and 73 age-and-gender-matched controls completed the validated Adult Rejection Sensitivity Scale. We computed anxious anticipation (AA), and rejection expectancy (RE) scores, corresponding to the affective and cognitive dimensions of anxious expectations of rejection, respectively. Participants also completed measures of interpersonal problems and psychopathological symptoms. We found that patients with SAUD had higher AA (affective dimension) but not RE (cognitive dimension) scores. Moreover, AA was associated with interpersonal problems as well as psychopathological symptoms in the SAUD sample. These findings meaningfully extend the RS and social cognition literatures in SAUD by showing that difficulties already arise at the anticipatory stage of socio-affective information processing. Moreover, they shed light on the affective component of anxious expectations of rejection as a novel, clinically relevant process in this disorder.

Alcoolismo , Adulto , Humanos , Rejeição em Psicologia , Ansiedade , Cognição
Psychol Rev ; 130(3): 720-769, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36913291


Episodic memory theories have postulated that in recognition, a probe is accepted or rejected on the basis of its global similarity to studied items. Mewhort and Johns (2000) directly tested global similarity predictions by manipulating the feature compositions of probes-novelty rejection was facilitated when probes contained novel features even when other features strongly matched, an advantage dubbed the extralist feature effect, which greatly challenged global matching models. In this work, we conducted similar experiments using continuously valued separable- and integral-dimension stimuli. Analogs of extralist lures were constructed where one stimulus dimension contained a value that was more novel than the other dimensions, whereas overall similarity was equated to another class of lures. Facilitated novelty rejection for lures with extralist features was only found for separable-dimension stimuli. While integral-dimension stimuli were well described by a global matching model, the model failed to account for extralist feature effects with separable-dimension stimuli. We applied global matching models-including variants of the exemplar-based linear ballistic accumulator-that employed different means of novelty rejection afforded by separable-dimension stimuli, including decisions based on the global similarity of the individual dimensions and selective attention being directed toward novel probe values (a diagnostic attention model). While these variants produced the extralist feature effect, only the diagnostic attention model succeeded in providing a sufficient account of all of the data. The model was also able to account for extralist feature effects in an experiment with discrete features similar to those from Mewhort and Johns (2000). (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).

Memória Episódica , Rejeição em Psicologia , Humanos , Atenção , Modelos Psicológicos
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1508246


Introducción: En la historia de la humanidad nunca antes una pandemia había causado tanta desolación y tristeza ni destruido a tantas familias con un impacto psicosocial tan alarmante. Objetivo: Determinar el impacto psicosocial del diagnóstico del VIH/sida en las familias de pacientes con ese diagnóstico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo transversal en las familias de pacientes con el diagnóstico del VIH/sida en el policlínico Armando García Aspurú, de Santiago de Cuba, desde enero del 2018 a enero del 2019. El universo estuvo constituido por las 26 familias que tuvieran al menos un miembro enfermo. Resultados: Las vías más frecuentes de información por las que la familia se enteró fueron por el mismo paciente, seguido de la información por los servicios de salud. La reacción de la familia ante la noticia fue la esperanza de que no fuera cierto, seguido por la depresión y la angustia. En las creencias que manifiesta la familia sobre el VIH prevalecieron las opiniones de que la enfermedad la adquieren personas de vida desorganizada. Sobre las pérdidas laborales, académicas y/o sociales sufridas por la aparición del VIH, 84,6 por ciento refirió rechazo a nivel de la pareja. Ante la estigmatización, la familia determina no hablar de la enfermedad por miedo al rechazo y sensación de vergüenza. Conclusiones: La infección por VIH/sida trasciende con multiplicidad de consecuencias en variados niveles. Los grandes impactos se relacionan con la familia, donde la estigmatización juega un papel fundamental como intensificador de la conducta familiar y social(AU)

Introduction: Never before in the history of humankind had a pandemic caused so much desolation and sadness or destroyed so many families with such an alarming psychosocial impact. Objective: To determine the psychosocial impact of the HIV/AIDS diagnosis on the families of patients with this diagnosis. Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in the families of patients with the HIV/AIDS diagnosis in the Armando García Aspurú polyclinic, of Santiago de Cuba, from January 2018 to January 2019. The study universe was made up of the 26 families with at least one sick member. Results: The most frequent ways of information by which the family found out were from the patient herself/himself, followed by information from the health services. The family's reaction to the news was hope that it was not true, followed by depression and anguish. In the beliefs expressed by the family about HIV, there was a prevalence of opinions related to the idea that the disease is acquired by people with a disorganized life. Regarding occupational, academic or social losses suffered due to the appearance of HIV, 84.6 percent reported rejection from her/his couple. Before stigmatization, the family determines not to talk about the disease, due to fear of rejection and the feeling of shame. Conclusions: HIV/AIDS infection transcends with a multiplicity of consequences at various levels. The major impacts are related to the family, where stigmatization plays a fundamental role as an intensifier of family and social behavior(AU)

Humanos , Rejeição em Psicologia , Estereotipagem , Família/psicologia , Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida/diagnóstico , Impacto Psicossocial , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais , Estudo Observacional
J Soc Psychol ; 163(1): 126-143, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35234098


The present studies consider the influence of exclusion on aggressive behavior depending on the target of the aggression and the gender of the aggressor. Previous studies have shown that after exclusion, aggressive behavior occurs toward the excluder as well as toward innocent bystanders. However, there is also evidence that men have a greater tendency toward direct aggression and women have a greater tendency toward displaced aggression. In Studies 1 (N = 89) and 2 (N = 120), participants were ostracized, in Studies 3 (N = 88) and 4 (N = 133), participants were rejected. Then, aggressive behavior toward the excluder or bystander was measured. The results confirmed the gender differences hypothesis, but only in the case of ostracism. After ostracism, more retaliatory aggression was observed in men, and more displaced aggression was noted in women. Rejection resulted in generalized aggressive behavior directed toward the excluder and the bystander in men and women. The results are discussed in light of Sexual Selection Theory.

Agressão , Ostracismo , Rejeição em Psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
J Homosex ; 70(9): 1847-1866, 2023 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35196215


Kinship has been the primary concern among young queer people in today's China and other parts of Asia under the strong and ongoing familism, who often find it challenging to come out and negotiate their sexuality with their parental family. This paper adopts the concept of stretched kinship to critically analyze the digital videos released by PFLAG China (Parents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays in China) from 2015 to 2020, focusing on the experiences of the parents in their responses to young people's coming out. It both extends and challenges the concept of stretched kinship by turning the spotlight from queer youth to their parents-a topic often overlooked in queer Asian and Chinese studies-to examine how Chinese parents reject and accept their queer child contextualized in the rapid and ongoing social change in twenty-first-century China and Asia.

População do Leste Asiático , Apoio Familiar , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais , Rejeição em Psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , China , População do Leste Asiático/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/etnologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Ásia , Relações Pais-Filho/etnologia , Apoio Familiar/psicologia , Status Social
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e264982, 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1529201


A violência por parceiro íntimo (VPI) consiste em atos que ameacem causar ou efetivamente causem danos em um parceiro dentro de uma relação afetivo-sexual, independente da configuração ou tempo do relacionamento ou de haver coabitação ou não entre as partes. Nas relações homossexuais, a VPI é invisibilizada de diversas maneiras, mesmo sendo reconhecida como uma grave violação de direitos humanos. O estudo objetivou compreender os significados da VPI para um grupo de homens que se relacionam com homens (HRH). Participaram da pesquisa oito HRH, selecionados através da técnica "bola de neve", utilizada devido à sensibilidade do tema, considerando os estigmas de ser HRH. Os dados foram obtidos através de entrevista semiestruturada e foram analisados pela Análise Temática. Como resultados, foram construídas seis categorias: 1º) O armário; 2º) Homofobia 3º) Racismo, poder e vulnerabilidade a VPI; 4º) Sexualidade; 5º) Infidelidade; 6º) HIV, que discutem a interseccionalidade de diversas formas de opressão na produção de VPI entre HRH. Conclui-se que a VPI vivenciada por esse grupo é influenciada por diversos fatores que envolvem a interseccionalidade de vários marcadores sociais, como os estereótipos de masculinidade em relação a hipersexualização e infidelidade, a homofobia como fator direto do estresse minoritário, o racismo que hierarquiza os corpos e invisibiliza o afeto de homens negros, e o estigma de HIV no imaginário social.(AU)

Intimate partner violence (IPV) consists of acts that threaten to harm or actually harm to a partner within an affective-sexual relationship, regardless of the configuration or duration of the relationship or whether or not there is cohabitation between the parties. In homosexual relationships, IPV is made invisible in several ways, even though it is recognized as a serious violation of human rights. The study aimed to understand the meanings of IPV for a group of men in same sex relationships (MSSR). Eight MSSR participated in the research, selected by snowball sampling, used due to the topic's sensitivity, considering the stigmas involved in being MSSR. Data were constructed via semi-structured interviews and analyzed using Thematic Analysis. As a result, six categories were constructed: 1) The closet persons; 2) Homophobia; 3) Racism, power, and vulnerability to IPV; 4) Sexuality; 5) Infidelity; 6) HIV, which discuss the intersectionality of various forms of oppression in the production of IPV among MSSR. Thus, the IPV experienced by this group is influenced by several factors that involve the intersectionality between different social markers, such as stereotypes of masculinity in relation to hypersexualization and infidelity, homophobia as a direct factor of minority stress, the racism that hierarchizes bodies and makes the affection of Black men and the stigma of HIV invisible in the social imaginary.(AU)

La violencia de pareja (VP) consiste en actos que amenazan con causar o de hecho causan daño a una pareja dentro de una relación afectivo-sexual, independientemente de la configuración o duración de la relación o de si existe o no cohabitación entre las partes. En las relaciones homosexuales, la VP se invisibiliza de varias formas, a pesar de que se reconoce como una grave violación de los derechos humanos. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender los significados de VP para un grupo de hombres que se relacionan con hombres (HRH). Ocho HRH participaron de la investigación, seleccionados mediante la técnica de "bola de nieve", utilizada debido a la sensibilidad del tema, considerando los estigmas de ser HRH. Los datos se construyeron mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas y se sometieron a análisis temático. Como resultado se construyeron seis categorías: 1.ª) El armario; 2.º) Homofobia; 3.º) Racismo, poder y vulnerabilidad a la VP; 4.º) Sexualidad; 5.º) Infidelidad; 6.ª) HIV; que discuten la interseccionalidad de diferentes formas de opresión en la producción de VP entre HRH. Se concluye que la VP vivida por este grupo está influida por varios factores que involucran la interseccionalidad entre distintos marcadores sociales, como los estereotipos de masculinidad en relación con la hipersexualización y la infidelidad, la homofobia como factor directo de estrés minoritario, el racismo que jerarquiza cuerpos e invisibiliza en el imaginario social el afecto de los hombres negros y el estigma del HIV en el imaginario social.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Poder Psicológico , Casamento , Masculinidade , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Angústia Psicológica , Homens , Transtornos Parafílicos , Preconceito , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Psicologia , Estupro , Rejeição em Psicologia , Autoimagem , Comportamento Sexual , Delitos Sexuais , Vergonha , Problemas Sociais , Maus-Tratos Conjugais , Conscientização , Terapêutica , Comportamento e Mecanismos Comportamentais , Família , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Saúde Mental , Prevalência , Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Assédio Sexual , Preservativos , Entrevista , Violência Doméstica , Homossexualidade Masculina , Ameaças , Sexo Seguro , Comportamento Perigoso , Agressão , Grupos Raciais , Dependência Psicológica , Sexo sem Proteção , Diagnóstico , Alcoolismo , Literatura Erótica , Conflito Familiar , Relações Familiares , Medo , Prazer , Estigma Social , Saúde Sexual , Racismo , Sexismo , Marginalização Social , Comportamento Criminoso , Difamação , Opressão Social , Vulnerabilidade Sexual , Androcentrismo , Estereotipagem de Gênero , Constrangimento , Abuso Emocional , Equidade de Gênero , Doenças Genitais , Estrutura Familiar , Culpa , Manobra Psicológica , Homicídio , Hostilidade , Ciúme
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e256598, 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1529209


Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar a relação entre arte e vida segundo Vigotski. Para isso, foi realizada uma análise conceitual dos capítulos 1, 7, 9, 10 e 11 da Psicologia da Arte, do capítulo 13 da Psicologia Pedagógica e do texto O significado histórico da crise da Psicologia: Uma investigação metodológica. A pesquisa conceitual consiste na análise semântica dos principais conceitos de uma teoria com o intuito de elucidar seus sentidos ocultos ou confusos e desvendar possíveis contradições e ambiguidades no quadro teórico. Podemos observar que a arte é um fenômeno dialético tanto em sua criação como em seus efeitos. A influência da vida, isto é, da realidade sócio-histórica, na criação artística é indireta, pois ela é sempre mediada pelo psiquismo particular do artista. Já o efeito da arte sobre a vida possibilita que o ser humano se conscientize de sua realidade social e se engaje para mudá-la. A arte é, portanto, transformadora, pois reorganiza o psiquismo e possibilita uma mudança nas condições materiais dos seres humanos.(AU)

This study aims to analyze the relationship between art and life according to Vygotsky. Therefore, a conceptual analysis of chapters 1, 7, 9, 10, and 11 of Psychology of Art, chapter 13 of Educational Psychology and the text The Historical meaning of the Crisis of Psychology: A Methodological Investigation was carried out. Conceptual research consists of the semantic analysis of the main concepts of a theory to elucidate its hidden or confused meanings and to reveal possible contradictions and ambiguities in the theoretical framework. Results show that art is a dialectical phenomenon both in its creation and its effects. The influence of life, that is, of socio-historical reality, on artistic creation is indirect since it is always mediated by the artist's particular psyche. The effect of art on life, on the other hand, allows human beings to become aware of their social reality and engage to change it. Art is, therefore, transformative, as it reorganizes the psyche and enables a change in the material conditions of human beings.(AU)

Este proyecto tuve como objetivo analizar la relación entre el arte y la vida, según Vigotski. Para esto, fue realizado un análisis de los capítulos 1, 7, 9, 10 y 11 de Psicología del arte, del capítulo 13 de Psicología Pedagógica y del texto Él significado histórico de la crisis de la Psicología: una investigación metodológica. La pesquisa conceptual consiste en la analice semántica de los conceptos de una teoría, para aclarar sus significados ocultos o confusos y desvendar contradicciones y ambigüedades em el cuadro teórico. Pudimos observar que, el arte es un fenómeno dialéctico en su creación tanto como en sus efectos. La influencia de la vida, esto es, de la realidad socio-histórica, en la creación artística es indirecta, pues es mediada por el psiquismo particular de lo artista. Así, el efecto del arte sobre la vida habilita que lo ser humano adquiera conciencia de su realidad social y que se comprometa a cambiarla. El arte, consiguientemente, transformadora, pues reorganiza lo psiquismo y habilita un cambio en las condiciones materiales de los seres humanos.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Arte , Psicologia , Vida , Representação Social , Pintura , Percepção , Personalidade , Desenvolvimento da Personalidade , Filosofia , Arquitetura , Princípio do Prazer-Desprazer , Política , Psicologia Social , Agitação Psicomotora , Rejeição em Psicologia , Religião , Associação , Pesquisa , Papel (figurativo) , Sensação , Meio Social , Espiritualismo , Pensamento , Transferência Psicológica , Inconsciente Psicológico , Comportamento , Humanos , Simbolismo , Adaptação Psicológica , Atitude , Catarse , Comentário , Competência Mental , Cognição , Comunismo , Conflito Psicológico , Congressos como Assunto , Emoções Manifestas , Psicologia do Self , Processos Psicoterapêuticos , Desenho , Criatividade , Sinais (Psicologia) , Cultura , Dança , Capitalismo , Características Humanas , Ab-Reação , Drama , Impulso (Psicologia) , Educação , Emoções , Estética , Existencialismo , Competência Cultural , Resiliência Psicológica , Poesia , Prazer , Normas Sociais , Ciência nas Artes , Liberdade , Terapia do Comportamento Dialético , Egocentrismo , Processos Grupais , História , Individualidade , Inteligência , Relações Interpessoais , Literatura , Métodos , Antropologia , Modelos Teóricos , Moral , Filmes Cinematográficos , Motivação , Música