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1.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 40(3): 281-287, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36260469

RESUMO

Objective: In general, proximal restorations of primary molars fracture, so it is vital to study the new materials that could solve this problem. Hence, the present trial assessed the success of occluso-proximal atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) restorations using silorane and glass ionomer cement (GIC) in carious primary molars for a period of 2 years. Materials and Methods: One hundred and ninety-two children between the age group of 4 and 9 years were randomly allocated to GIC or silorane. In the clinical set up, they were treated by a pediatric dentist, and their restorations were evaluated at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The primary outcome was the survival of restoration, which was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier and superior Cox regression models. As a sensitivity analysis, intention-to-treat (ITT) was executed. Sex, age, molar, jaw, cavity volume, and caries incidence were the independent variables. Results: The restoration survival after 24 months for GIC and silorane was 82.75% and 88.88%, respectively, whereas ITT analysis showed a success of 84.37% and 89.58% for GIC and silorane, respectively. Conclusion: With regard to longevity, there was no statistically significant difference between silorane and GIC in primary molar occlusoproximal ART restorations.


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma , Cárie Dentária , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Resinas de Silorano , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Dente Molar , Dente Decíduo
2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 5578539, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212034

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to monitor the behavior of interfacial gaps formed under different bonded polymeric restorations before and after thermocycling (TC), using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) and confirming the obtained findings with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cylindrical class I cavities were prepared in twenty noncarious human premolar teeth (1.5 mm depth × 3.5 mm diameter) and divided randomly into two groups: TS and SN, according to the adhesive system (n = 10). In the TS group, one-step self-etch adhesive Clearfil Tri-S Bond Plus (Kuraray Noritake Dental, Japan) was used, followed by composite restoration using Estelite Sigma Quick (Tokuyama Dental, Japan). In the SN group, the cavities were restored with the two-step self-etch/composite silorane-based resin restoration system (3M ESPE, USA). All specimens were restored in bulk filling technique and cured in accordance with the manufacturers' instructions. Both groups were imaged under SS-OCT after 24 h and recorded as controls. Then, each group was subjected to thermal challenge using the TC machine (5-55°C) and B-scans were recorded at different TC intervals (2600, 5200, and 10000). In order to confirm the SS-OCT findings, additional specimens were prepared, scanned, and sectioned for CLSM observation. RESULTS: B-scans demonstrated white clusters at the tooth-resin interface that corresponded to the gap location on CLSM images. The TS group showed significantly less gap formation than the SN group before and after TC (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: An optimal composite adaptation can be achieved when the bonded restoration comprises a combination of an adhesive containing 10-MDP monomer and a considerable highly filled composite.


Assuntos
Adesivos/química , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Humanos , Japão , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Microscopia Confocal/métodos , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Propriedades de Superfície
3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(1): 357-368, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical performances of two low-shrinkage composite resins (silorane-based and methacrylate-based) in class I cavities prepared by Er,Cr:YSGG laser or conventional diamond bur over 60 months. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Eighteen patients with four similar-sized occlusal lesions in molar teeth were included to the study. A total of 72 class I cavities were prepared either by Er,Cr:YSGG laser or conventional diamond bur. Cavities were restored with Filtek Silorane (3M-ESPE) (silorane-based) or Kalore (GC) (methacrylate-based) according to the manufacturers' instructions. All restorative procedures were performed by one operator, and the restorations were examined by two evaluators according to the FDI criteria at baseline and at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months. Patients' satisfaction about the preparation methods was also evaluated with a questionnaire. Pearson chi-square test was used for statistical analysis (p = 0.05). RESULTS: The 60-month recall rate was 88.8% and the retention rates for experimental groups were 100%. After 60 months, no significant differences were detected among groups, regarding marginal adaptation, marginal staining, surface staining, color match, and translucency. None of the restorations exhibited postoperative sensitivity or recurrence of caries. CONCLUSION: Different preparation techniques had no effect on the longevity of restorations. The two low-shrinkage composite systems tested were both clinically acceptable after 60 months. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Low-shrinkage composites showed similar clinical performance in class I cavities prepared with a laser or conventional bur after a 60-month observation period.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Cárie Dentária , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Humanos , Resinas de Silorano
4.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(5): 633-641, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31089017

RESUMO

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate and correlate marginal adaptation and microleakage of different low-shrinking composites. Materials and Methods: Standardized class V cavities (n = 20/group) with occlusal margin in enamel and gingival margin in dentin were restored with low-shrinking silorane-based (Filtek Silorane) or methacrylate-based (Clearfil Majesty Posterior, Grandio, Reflexions XLS, Tetric EvoCeram, Premise, Ceram-X Duo, Aelite LS Posterior) composites and a conventional composite (Filtek Z250). All teeth were stored in water (24 h), thermocycled (5000×), and mechanically loaded (60,000×). Marginal adaptation of epoxy resin replicas was analyzed using scanning electron microscope. Microleakage of the restoration was assessed by dye penetration on sectioned specimens under stereomicroscopy. Data were statistically analyzed with Mann-Whitney U test, with a significance of P < 0.05. Pearson's correlation test was used to evaluate the correlation between results of margin analysis and microleakage. Results: No statistical difference in marginal gap formation was determined between Filtek Silorane and Z250. The lowest microleakage score at dentin margins was recorded for Filtek Silorane, which was not significantly different from that of all other groups. No similar ranking between the results of microleakage at enamel and dentin margins was observed for the materials tested. Marginal adaptation was not correlated to microleakage, except for Filtek Silorane, Grandio, and Filtek Z250. Conclusions: Compared to the conventional composite Filtek Z250, Filtek Silorane demonstrated no improvements with reduced marginal gap formation. Low-shrinking properties of composites appear to have no ability of sealing restoration margins and preventing leakage.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Metacrilatos , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Resinas de Silorano , Estresse Mecânico
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 7410759, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30729129

RESUMO

A significant deterioration of the properties can drastically compromise the survival rate of restorative materials. The aim of this study was to assess flexural strength and hardness of three composite classes: hybrid composite resin (HCR), nanoparticulate composite resin (NCR), and silorane-based composite resin (SBCR). One hundred specimens were prepared for hardness testing by using a split metallic mold measuring 10 mm in diameter and 2 mm deep. Twenty specimens were prepared for each restorative material, randomly assigned for storage in air, distilled water, or mineral oil. After intervals of 24 hours, 30, 60, 90, and 120 days, hardness and flexural strength tests were initially compared in two levels: "storage medium" and "time" within each material group. A two-way analysis of variance was performed (p<0.05) on the variables "material" and "storage time" (p<0.05). The HCR showed to be stable with regard to the evaluation of flexural strength and hardness (p<0.05). A significant reduction occurs for the NCR in comparison to the other groups (p<0.05). The NCR presented the lowest values of hardness and flexural strength kept on water over time. The characteristics of material showed a strong influence on the decrease of the mechanical properties analyzed.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Nanopartículas/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Estresse Mecânico , Resinas Compostas/classificação , Dureza , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Óleo Mineral/efeitos adversos , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura , Água/efeitos adversos
6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(5): 2323-2330, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30293184

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study compared the 3-year clinical performance of a low-shrinkage silorane-based composite material with that of a methacrylate-based composite material in the restoration of endodontically treated premolar teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 70 patients requiring a Class II composite-resin restoration of a premolar tooth following root-canal treatment participated in the study. Cavities were restored with either a silorane-based restorative (Filtek Silorane + Silorane System Adhesive) or a methacrylate-based restorative (Filtek Z250 + Clearfil SE Bond) system applied according to the manufacturer's instructions. Restorations were evaluated by two blinded observers at five different time intervals (baseline; 6 months; 1, 2, and 3 years) according to modified USPHS criteria. Pearson's chi-square tests were used to examine differences in the clinical performance of the materials (retention, color match, marginal discoloration, secondary caries, anatomical form, marginal adaptation, and surface roughness), and Friedman and Wilcoxon tests were used to compare changes between baseline and each recall time, with a level of 0.05 considered statistically significant. RESULTS: After 3 years, no statistically significant differences in clinical performance were observed between the two materials (p > 0.05). Intra-system comparisons revealed a statistically significant deterioration in color match, marginal discoloration, anatomical form, marginal adaptation, and surface roughness scores after 3 years for both systems. Although the difference was not significant at 3 years of follow-up, the level of deterioration in marginal adaptation and surface roughness was greater for the Filtek Silorane restoration than for the Filtek Z250 restoration at the 1 year follow-up (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Restorations of both materials were clinically acceptable after 3 years. The Filtek Silorane system did not appear to offer any clinical advantages over the methacrylate-based system when used in the restoration of Class II cavities in endodontically treated premolars. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The restoration of endodontically treated premolars with minor or moderate loss of tooth structure can be directly performed either with silorane or methacrylate-based composite resins.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Resinas de Silorano , Adolescente , Adulto , Dente Pré-Molar , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Adulto Jovem
7.
Photomed Laser Surg ; 36(9): 499-505, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30188252

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of cavity preparation with different Er,Cr:YSGG laser handpieces on microleakage of different posterior composite restorations. METHODS: Fifty-four extracted intact human premolars were randomly assigned to three groups according to cavity preparation method: Bur Group: high-speed diamond bur (Diatech), MD Group: Er,Cr:YSGG laser Waterlase MD handpiece (Biolase Millennium II), and Turbo Group: Er,Cr:YSGG laser Waterlase MD TURBO handpiece (Biolase Millennium II). One hundred eight Class II slot cavities were prepared on the mesial and distal proximal surfaces of each tooth, and the cavity preparation times required were determined. The groups were then subdivided according to the restorative systems used (n = 12): a conventional methacrylate-based microhybrid composite (Filtek P60+Adper Single Bond 2/3M); a silorane-based resin composite (Filtek Silorane+Silorane System Adhesive/3M); and a nanohybrid methacrylate-based composite (Kalore+G-Bond/GC). The restorative systems were applied according to the manufacturers' recommendations. Following thermocycling (X5000; 5°C-55°C), the teeth were coated with nail varnish except the restoration margins, immersed in 0.5% basic fuchsin dye solution, and sectioned in a mesiodistal direction. Dye penetration was evaluated under a light microscope for occlusal and cervical margins. Data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and chi-square tests (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The cavity preparation time (mean ± SD) required for Bur, MD, and Turbo group was 31.25 ± 3.82, 222.94 ± 15.85, and 92.5 ± 7.42 sec, respectively, and the differences among the groups were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Comparing the occlusal and cervical microleakage scores, no statistically significant differences were found among the groups and subgroups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Er;Cr:YSGG laser cavity preparation with the Turbo handpiece needed shorter time than the MD handpiece, although it needed longer time than the conventional diamond bur. The use of different handpieces of Er,Cr:YSGG laser did not differ from conventional preparation with diamond bur in terms of microleakage with the tested methacrylate- and silorane-based posterior composite restorative systems.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/instrumentação , Infiltração Dentária/prevenção & controle , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/instrumentação , Metacrilatos , Resinas de Silorano , Dente Pré-Molar , Humanos , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
8.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 34(5): 1463-1471, sept./oct. 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-967345

RESUMO

Although clinicians use fluoride agents to reduce the occurrence of caries, and surface sealing agents to protect composite restorations, the effects of these agents on composite resins have not yet been investigated. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of different surface applications (fluoride or surface sealant) on resin composites with different organic structures (Siloranes, Sonicfill, 3M Z550, Kalore). In this study, 120 discs and 120 bars made of composite resin were stored in water for three months before being thermally aged by cycling between 5°C and 55°C for 10,000 cycles. The discs were 15 mm in diameter and 1 mm thick; the bars were 25 × 2 × 2 mm. The surface sealant and fluoride were applied to the specimens, and evaluations were performed after 24h. Initial and final calculations were performed for flexural strength, microhardness, roughness, gloss, water sorption, and solubility. Silorane composite showed the lowest water sorption levels (p < 0.05) for both initial and aged groups. Silorane and SonicFill composite groups showed the lowest solubility (p < 0.05). Both before and after aging, the SonicFill group showed the highest values of flexural strength and microhardness. Silorane showed the highest roughness and lowest gloss values. Lower water sorption and solubility rates were seen on materials fabricated from hydrophobic monomers. High water sorption and solubility degrades the mechanical and surface properties. Fluoridation and surface sealant application can alter the surface properties but do not have any effect on the mechanical properties.


Embora os clínicos utilizem agentes de flúor para reduzir a ocorrência de cáries e agentes de vedação de superfície para proteger restaurações compostas, os efeitos desses agentes sobre as resinas compostas ainda não foram investigados. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar o efeito de diferentes aplicações de superfície (fluoreto ou selante de superfície) em resinas compostas com diferentes estruturas orgânicas (Siloranes, Sonicfill, 3M Z550, Kalore). Neste estudo, 120 discos e 120 barras de resina composta foram armazenados em água por três meses antes de serem envelhecidos termicamente por ciclos alternados entre 5 °C e 55 °C por 10.000 ciclos. Os discos tinham 15 mm de diâmetro e 1 mm de espessura; as barras eram 25 × 2 × 2 mm. O selante de superfície e o flúor foram aplicados nos espécimes e as avaliações foram realizadas após 24 horas. Cálculos iniciais e finais foram realizados para resistência à flexão, microdureza, rugosidade, brilho, sorção de água e solubilidade. O compósito de silorano apresentou os menores níveis de sorção de água (p <0,05) para os grupos inicial e envelhecido. Os grupos compostos Silorane e SonicFill apresentaram a menor solubilidade (p <0,05). Tanto antes quanto depois do envelhecimento, o grupo SonicFill apresentou os maiores valores de resistência à flexão e microdureza. Silorane apresentou a maior rugosidade e menores valores de brilho. Baixas taxas de sorção e solubilidade da água foram observadas em materiais fabricados a partir de monômeros hidrofóbicos. A alta sorção e solubilidade da água degrada as propriedades mecânicas e de superfície. A fluoretação e a aplicação de selante de superfície podem alterar as propriedades da superfície, mas não afetam as propriedades mecânicas.


Assuntos
Propriedades de Superfície , Fluoreto de Fosfato Acidulado , Adesivos , Fluoretação , Resinas Compostas , Resinas de Silorano
9.
Clin Oral Investig ; 22(9): 2989-2996, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29453496

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of silorane-based composite restorations applied after different surface treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This controlled and randomized clinical trial included 26 patients with class I restoration indications. The teeth were randomly assigned to the following treatments: control 1/G1, silorane specific self-etching adhesive (P90 self-etch primer and bond) + silorane-based composite resin (Filtek™ P90 low shrink posterior restorative); G2, 37% phosphoric acid + silorane specific self-etching adhesive + silorane-based composite resin; G3, blasting with aluminum oxide + silorane specific self-etching adhesive + silorane-based composite resin; and control 2/G4, self-etching adhesive (Adper™ SE Plus self-etch adhesive) + dimethacrylate-based composite resin (Filtek™ P60 posterior restorative). The clinical performance was evaluated at baseline and after 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 141 restorations were made and evaluated. For all clinical criteria evaluated, no significant difference was found between the surface treatments at baseline and after 1 year (p > 0.05). After 1 year, only the group with 37% phosphoric acid + silorane specific self-etching adhesive (G2) showed a significant reduction in marginal adaptation (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In general, all surface treatments showed an adequate clinical performance for silorane-based composite resin in class I restorations. However, a reduction in the marginal adaptation after 1 year was found when additional phosphoric acid etching was used prior to silorane specific self-etching adhesive. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of phosphoric acid etching prior to specific self-etching adhesive can adversely affect the marginal adaptation of silorane-based restorations.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Propriedades de Superfície , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Gen Dent ; 66(1): 40-44, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29303753

RESUMO

Bleaching is a conservative treatment for discolored teeth, but the effect of this treatment on newer, silorane-based composite resins is unclear. This study evaluated the effect of at-home bleaching on the microhardness of methacrylate- and silorane-based composites. Forty blocks each of a methacrylate-based composite and a silorane-based composite were prepared. The 80 specimens were tested in 8 groups (n = 10): 2 composites, each exposed to 3 different carbamide peroxide concentrations (10%, 16%, or 22%) as well as distilled water (control). The surface of the test specimens was covered daily with the bleaching gel at room temperature for the time period recommended by the manufacturer for each carbamide peroxide concentration. A Vickers hardness testing machine was used with a 100-g load for 20 seconds to register specimen microhardness prior to and after 2 weeks of bleaching. The load was applied at 3 points, and the mean microhardness was calculated. Repeated-measures analysis of variance, paired t test, and Tukey test were used to analyze the data. All bleaching concentrations significantly decreased the microhardness of the methacrylate-based composite resin groups, while microhardness was significantly increased in the silorane-based composite resin groups. There was no evident difference in effects among the different gel concentrations (P > 0.05).


Assuntos
Peróxido de Carbamida/farmacologia , Resinas Compostas , Clareadores Dentários/farmacologia , Peróxido de Carbamida/efeitos adversos , Resinas Compostas/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Dureza/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Metacrilatos , Resinas de Silorano , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos
11.
Dent Mater ; 34(3): 412-426, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29306486

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This aim of this study was to investigate the cell behavioural response on clinically applied dental composites in exposition-relevant target cells, i.e. human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) and epithelial keratinocytes (HGK). METHODS: HGF and HGK were exposed to eluates of Ceram X™, Filtek™ Silorane, Filtek™ Supreme XTE, Fusio™ Liquid Dentin and Vertise™ Flow. Eluates were created by storing material samples in respective cell culture medium, for 24h and 72h (n=17), according to ISO 10993-12:2012. Cell response was evaluated at eluate exposure periods of 24h and 72h by (i) impedance analysis-based real-time monitoring of adhesion and proliferation, (ii) semi-quantitative indirect immunofluorescence (sq-IIF) detection of tissue-specific biomarkers, and (iii) ELISA-detection of pro-inflammatory interleukin (IL)-6. RESULTS: Generally, cell behavioural response towards the eluates was gradual in HGK and HGF, the latter exhibiting a less pronounced modulation per se. In HGK, ERK 1/2 was mainly activated after 24h by Fusio™ Liquid Dentin and Vertise™ Flow, while an increase in biomarker expression occurred time-delayed. A 72h exposure of HGK to eluates of Filtek™ Supreme XTE, Fusio™ Liquid Dentin and Vertise™ Flow significantly decreased secreted IL-6 amounts. In HGK, the impedance analysis revealed less proliferation and/or adhesion in case of Fusio™ Liquid Dentin and Vertise™ Flow with matched other composites. SIGNIFICANCE: In detail, protein expression and secretion is modulated particularly in terms of signal transduction, differentiation and inflammation. On cell biological level, all tested materials modulated the analysed features of cell behaviour with emphasis on the self-adhering composites.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Gengiva/citologia , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Teste de Materiais , Proteínas/metabolismo , Cimentos de Resina , Transdução de Sinais , Resinas de Silorano
12.
PLoS One ; 12(12): e0188829, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29232691

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of food-simulating liquids on the flexural strength of a methacrylate-based and a silorane-based resin composite. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro study, sixty specimens of Filtek P90 and Filtek Z350 composite were prepared in a customized mold (2 × 2 × 25 mm). The specimens of each composite were divided into five subgroups as follows: one as a control group and the other four groups included distilled water, heptane, 2% citric acid, and 50% aqueous ethanol. The specimens were stored in the solutions for one week at 37°C, and the control group was stored at room temperature for the same period of time. Then, flexural strength values were measured. The statistical analysis was performed by One-Way ANOVA, Paired T test and post hoc LSD at a significance level of 0.05. RESULTS: In the control group, the mean flexural strength of Filtek P90 and Filtek Z350 were 155.1 MPa and 147.3 MPa, respectively, and there was no significant difference (P-value>0.05). The mean flexural strength of Filtek P90 and Filtek Z350 significantly decreased in ethanol (P-value <0.05). Immersion in 0.02 N citric acid and heptane had no significant effect on the flexural strength of Filtek P90 and Filtek Z350. The maximum flexural strength of Filtek P90 was in the heptane group (192.6 MPa) and minimum flexural strength was in ethanol group (92.7 MPa) the maximum flexural strength of Filtek Z350 was in the heptane group (163.2 MPa) and minimum flexural strength was in the ethanol group (104.7 MPa). CONCLUSION: The flexural strength of tested resin composites significantly affected by ethanol solution. The flexural strength of resin composites was not affected by other food simulating liquids.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Alimentos , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro
13.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 16: e17059, jan.-dez. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-883924

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate how acid-etching of the cavosurface enamel in Class I resin composite restorations influences the bond strength to the pulpal wall and the restoration, Knoop microhardness and nanoleakage after thermomechanical aging. For this research 76 fresh human molars were selected and restored with Silorane or Clearfil SEBond/Z350XT composite divided in 4 groups (Silorane system restored with or without enamel cavosurface acid-etching and Clearfil SEBond/Z350XT with or without enamel cavosurface acid-etching). To induce artificial aging, samples were subjected to thermomechanical cycling through 200,000 and thermal cycling between 5 and 55 °C with 30 second filling and 15-second drainage steps. Microhardness and microtensile bond strength were evaluated in 32 teeth (n=8) each and nanoleakage evaluation was performed in 12 teeth (n=3). Samples restored by Clearfil SEBond/Z350 XT without cavosurface acid-etching showed significantly lower microtensile bond strength results. The resin composite Z350XT presented higher values of Knoop microhardness. It was observed little or no infiltration for Silorane groups and moderate infiltration for Clearfil SE Bond groups. Acid-etching of the cavosurface enamel during restoration procedure with Clearfil Se Bond resulted in a stronger bond after thermomechanical cycling. Silorane groups showed less infiltration than Clearfil SE Bond groups (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adesivos , Resinas Compostas , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Resinas de Silorano , Resistência à Tração
14.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 38(10): e1-e4, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29140098

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of surface finishing and polishing protocols on the surface roughness (Ra) of methacrylate-based and silorane-based resin composites. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty specimens (5 mm x 2 mm) of each composite material were prepared using a split mold: Filtek™ Supreme Ultra (3M ESPE), Tetric EvoCeram® (Ivoclar Vivadent), Tetric Ceram™ HB (Ivoclar Vivadent), and Filtek™ LS Low Shrink (3M ESPE). Specimens were divided into five groups (n = 10) according to the following procedures: G1 - 15-µm fine diamond bur (FDB); G2 - 15-µm FDB followed by a 20-fluted tungsten carbide bur; G3 - 15-µm FDB followed by diamond-impregnated micropolishing points (D-FINE Double Diamond Polishing System, Clinician's Choice); G4 - 15-µm FDB followed by diamond-impregnated micropolishing points (Flame Point Pre-polisher and Shine, Brassseler USA); and G5 - 15-µm FDB followed by the application of a surface sealer (PermaSeal®, Ultradent Products, Inc.). Ra was measured in three different regions using a surface profilometer (Mitutoyo Surfest SJ-210, Mitutoyo America). RESULTS: Multiple comparisons were obtained using a one-way ANOVA with Tukey's B rank order test ( = 0.05). No significant differences in Ra were observed among the resin composites tested in the same condition. The use of a FDB generated the highest roughness values, while the use of a surface sealer resulted in the lowest roughness values for all resin composites tested (P < .05). No significant difference in Ra was observed between the use of a multi-fluted carbide bur and the rubber point D-FINE Double Diamond Polishing System for all resin composites tested.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Polimento Dentário/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Metacrilatos/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Humanos , Propriedades de Superfície
15.
Indian J Dent Res ; 28(4): 375-379, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28836527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the mechanical properties is important in predicting the clinical behavior of composites. Finite element analysis (FEA) evaluates properties of materials replicating clinical scenario. AIM: This study evaluated polymerization shrinkage and stress, wear resistance (WR), and compressive strength (CS) of silorane in comparison with two methacrylate resins. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study design was a numerical study using FEA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) models of maxillary premolar with Class I cavities (2 mm depth, 4 mm length, and 2.5 mm width) created and restored with silorane, nanohybrid, and microhybrid; Groups I, II, and III, respectively. Loads of 200-600 N were applied. Polymerization shrinkage was first determined by displacement produced in the X, Y, and Z planes. Maximum stress distribution due to shrinkage was calculated using AN SYS software. 3D cube models of composite resins were simulated with varying filler particle size. Similar loads were applied. WR and compressive stress were calculated: K W L/H and load/cross-sectional area, respectively. Statistical analysis done using one-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, and Tukey's honestly significant difference test (P < 0.05). RESULTS: Polymerization shrinkage (0.99%) and shrinkage stress (233.21 Mpa) of silorane were less compared to microhybrid (2.14% and 472.43 Mpa) and nanohybrid (2.32% and 464.88 Mpa). Silorane (7.92×/1011 µm/mm3) and nanohybrid (7.79×/1011) showed superior WR than microhybrid (1.113×/1017). There was no significant difference in compressive stress among the groups. CONCLUSION: Silorane exhibited less polymerization shrinkage and shrinkage stress compared to methacrylates. Silorane and nanohybrid showed greater WR compared to microhybrid. CS of all groups was similar.


Assuntos
Teste de Materiais , Resinas de Silorano , Força Compressiva , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Polimerização
16.
Oper Dent ; 42(4): E102-E110, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28682704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the 24-month clinical performance of two different resin composites in class II slot restorations. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty-seven patients having at least two approximal carious lesions were enrolled in the study. A total of 116 teeth (58 pairs) were restored with either a silorane-based composite (Filtek Silorane) and its self-etch adhesive (Silorane Adhesive System, 3M ESPE) or a methacrylate-based packable resin composite (X-tra Fil) and its self-etch adhesive (Futurabond NR, VOCO GmbH) according to the toss of a coin. The restorations were evaluated at baseline and at six-, 12-, and 24-month recalls by two calibrated examiners according to the modified US Public Health Service criteria. The comparison of the two restorative materials for each category was performed with the Pearson chi-square test. Within group differences of the materials at different recall times were compared using the Cochran Q and Friedman tests. Bonferroni-adjusted McNemar test was used when significant difference was found (p<0.05). RESULTS: After 24 months, no statistically significant differences were found between the two restorative materials for the criteria evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: Both silorane- and methacrylate-based resin composites showed clinically acceptable performance in class II slot restorations after 24 months.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Metacrilatos/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent ; 25(2): 108-114, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28590097

RESUMO

This paper evaluates the five year clinical evaluation of restorations formed in a low shrinkage stress resin composite material (3M ESPE Filtek Silorane, Seefeld, Germany) and placed in the general dental practices of five members of the PREP Panel, a group of UK practice-based researchers. Results indicated satisfactory performance of the material under evaluation, other than for marginal staining, which affected 60% of the restorations evaluated after five years, albeit with less than 10% of the circumference of the restorations being affected. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The low shrinkage stress material, Filtek Silorane™, demonstrated good clinical performance in the majority of parameters which were assessed at five years.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Resinas de Silorano , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Feminino , Odontologia Geral , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Gen Dent ; 65(3): 45-49, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28475085

RESUMO

Successful repair of defective composite resin restorations is considered a conservative treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the repair bond strengths of a methacrylate composite (MC) and a silorane composite (SC) repaired after 5 different intervals. Seventy-two test specimens of each material (MC and SC) were prepared. The specimens of each material were divided into 6 groups (n = 12): 1, control (additional composite bonded immediately after polymerization of the substrate composite resin); 2, repaired after 20 minutes; 3, repaired after 24 hours; 4, repaired after 1 week; 5, repaired after 1 month; and 6, repaired after 6 months. Repair consisted of placement of a layer of adhesive bonding agent and then new composite using a plastic mold. Each repair was made with the same material as the original specimen but in a different shade to facilitate fracture assessment. The repaired specimens were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 24 hours before they were submitted to a shear test. There was no statistically significant difference between group MC1 and the other MC groups, except for group MC4, which had lower shear bond strength (SBS) values than groups MC1, MC2, and MC3. Among the SC specimens, all the groups had significantly lower SBS values than group SC1. The mean SBS values of groups SC4, SC5, and SC6 were significantly lower than the SBS of group SC2. All the SC repair time groups presented significantly lower SBS values compared to their corresponding MC groups (P ≤ 0.004). The results showed that the repair bond strength of SC was adversely affected at all time periods, while this effect was not detected for MC groups except for group MC4. The SC material exhibited less repairability than the MC material.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Materiais Dentários/química , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Metacrilatos/química , Resinas de Silorano/química , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 33(2): 522-536, mar./apr. 2017. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-966210

RESUMO

Shrinkage is a limitation of resin composite, compromising the clinical longevity of the restorative procedure. In an attempt to reduce their harmful effects, researchers have studied monomers with lower values of contraction. As a result, low-shrinkage composites were developed. This study evaluated quantitatively the shrinkage as a function of power density increase based on methacrylates, comparing them with silorane based resin, and qualitatively regarding gap formation between the adhesive interface as function of tooth substrate. Resin Filtek P90 and Filtek Z250 were polymerized with the device Blue Star 3 with 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000 mW/cm2 keeping volume constant in 12 mm3. For qualitative analysis of restorative interface, class V cavity preparations in bovine incisors were restored in (2x2x2 mm3), photoactivated with the same values of irradiance, and analyzed by scanning electron microscopy at the interface of the wall surrounding enamel, dentin and axial. The quantitative results of the polymerization shrinkage were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05), while qualitative data were submitedd to Mann-Whitney's, Kruskal-Wallis' and Miller's tests. The progressive increase in power density directly influenced the polymerization shrinkage of the materials studied, although the silorane based resin demonstrated significantly lower values. The marginal integrity was influenced by the dental substrate and the power density used.


Este estudo avaliou quantitativamente a contração de polimerização em função do aumento dos valores de densidade de potência irradiados em compósitos à base de metacrilatos e silorano, e qualitativamente a interface restauradora em relação à abertura de fendas marginais, em função da variação do tipo de substrato dentário. As resinas Filtek Z250 e Filtek P90 foram fotoativadas com 200, 400, 600, 800 e 1000 mW/cm2, em um volume constante de 12mm3, e os valores de contração foram aferidos por meio da máquina de ensaios universal. Para análise qualitativa da interface restauradora, preparos cavitários classe V de (2x2x2mm3) foram restaurados em incisivos bovinos, fotoativados com os mesmos valores de irradiância, e analisados em microscopia eletrônica de varredura nas interfaces da parede circundante em esmalte, parede circundante em dentina e parede axial. Os resultados quantitativos da contração de polimerização foram analisados pelo teste ANOVA a dois critérios e Tukey (p<0,05) enquanto para os dados qualitativos os testes Mann- Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis e Miller foram empregados. O aumento progressivo da densidade de potência influenciou diretamente na contração de polimerização dos materiais estudados, não obstante a resina composta à base de silorano ter demonstrado valores significativamente menores. A integridade marginal sofreu influência do substrato dentário bem como da densidade de potência utilizada, para as duas resinas estudadas.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Polimerização , Resinas de Silorano , Metacrilatos
20.
J Dent ; 59: 41-47, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28215957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the fundamental wear mechanisms of six resin-based composite (RBC) formulations during short-term in vitro wear testing. MATERIALS: RBC materials were condensed into rectangular bar-shaped specimens and light irradiated using the ISO 4049 specimen manufacture and irradiation protocol. Wear testing (n=10 specimens for each RBC) was performed on a modified pin-on-plate wear test apparatus and wear facets were analysed for wear volume loss using a white light profilometer. The wear tested RBC specimens and their corresponding antagonists were analysed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), respectively to determine the wear mechanism. RESULTS: Data generated using the profilometer showed variations in the mean total wear volume (mm3) between the RBCs tested (p<0.05). Abrasive wear was evident in all RBCs investigated with varying degrees of damage. Material transfer/deposition of the filler particles on the corresponding antagonists was evident in two RBC materials (Filtek Supreme and Kalore) indicative of a further adhesive wear mechanism. CONCLUSION: It is proposed that the approach employed to use a combination of measurement and analytical techniques to quantify the wear facet volume (profilometry), wear trough (SEM) and material transfer (EDS) provides more useful information on the wear mechanism and the tribology of the system rather than relying on a simple wear ranking for the RBC materials as is routinely the case in dental research studies.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Materiais Dentários/química , Desgaste de Restauração Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Resinas de Silorano/química , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Desgaste dos Dentes , Zircônio/química
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