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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674780

RESUMO

Low temperature is an important limiting factor in the environment that affects the distribution, growth and development of warm-season grasses. Transcriptome sequencing has been widely used to mine candidate genes under low-temperature stress and other abiotic stresses. However, the molecular mechanism of centipedegrass in response to low-temperature stress was rarely reported. To understand the molecular mechanism of centipedegrass in response to low-temperature stress, we measured physiological indicators and sequenced the transcriptome of centipedegrass under different stress durations. Under cold stress, the SS content and APX activity of centipedegrass increased while the SOD activity decreased; the CAT activity, POD activity and flavonoid content first increased and then decreased; and the GSH-Px activity first decreased and then increased. Using full-length transcriptome and second-generation sequencing, we obtained 38.76 G subreads. These reads were integrated into 177,178 isoforms, and 885 differentially expressed transcripts were obtained. The expression of AUX_IAA and WRKY transcription factors and HSF transcription-influencing factors increased during cold stress. Through KEGG enrichment analysis, we determined that arginine and proline metabolism, plant circadian rhythm, plant hormone signal transduction and the flavonoid biosynthesis pathways played important roles in the cold stress resistance of centipedegrass. In addition, by using weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA), we determined that the turquoise module was significantly correlated with SS content and APX activity, while the blue module was significantly negatively correlated with POD and CAT activity. This paper is the first to report the response of centipedegrass to cold stress at the transcriptome level. Our results help to clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying the cold tolerance of warm-season grasses.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Transcriptoma , Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Poaceae/genética , Poaceae/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Temperatura Baixa
2.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1555, 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36707665

RESUMO

Chlorella sp. TLD 6B, a microalgae growing in the Taklamakan Desert, Xinjiang of China, is a good model material for studying the physiological and environmental adaptation mechanisms of plants in their arid habitats, as its adaptation to the harsh desert environment has led to its strong resistance. However, when using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to analyze the gene expression of this algae under abiotic stress, it is essential to find the suitable endogenous reference genes so to obtain reliable results. This study assessed the expression stability of 9 endogenous reference genes of Chlorella sp. TLD 6B under four abiotic stresses (drought, salt, cold and heat). These genes were selected based on the analysis results calculated by the three algorithmic procedures of geNorm, NormFinder, and BestKeeper, which were ranked by refinder. Our research showed that 18S and GTP under drought stress, 18S and IDH under salt stress, CYP and 18S under cold stress, GTP and IDH under heat stress were the most stable endogenous reference genes. Moreover, UBC and 18S were the most suitable endogenous reference gene combinations for all samples. In contrast, GAPDH and α-TUB were the two least stable endogenous reference genes in all experimental samples. Additionally, the selected genes have been verified to be durable and reliable by detecting POD and PXG3 genes using above endogenous reference genes. The identification of reliable endogenous reference genes guarantees more accurate RT-qPCR quantification for Chlorella sp. TLD 6B, facilitating functional genomics studies of deserts Chlorella as well as the mining of resistance genes.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Chlorella/genética , Genes de Plantas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Guanosina Trifosfato , Padrões de Referência , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos
3.
PeerJ ; 11: e14704, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36684667

RESUMO

The novel sugar transporter known as SWEET (sugars will eventually be exported transporter) is involved in the transport and distribution of photosynthesis products in plants. The SWEET protein is also involved in pollen development, nectar secretion, stress responses, and other important physiological processes. Although SWEET genes have been characterized and identified in model plants, such as Arabidopsis and rice, little is known about them in jujube. In this study, the molecular characteristics of the SWEET gene family in the Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) and their expression patterns in different organs, at different fruit developmental stages, and under abiotic stress were analyzed. A total of 19 ZjSWEET genes were identified in jujube through a genome-wide study; these were classified into four sub-groups based on their phylogenic relationships. The gene structure analysis of ZjSWEET genes showed that all the members had introns. The expression patterns of different ZjSWEET genes varied significantly in different organs (root, shoot, leave, flower, fruit), which indicated that ZjSWEETs play different roles in multiple organs. According to the expression profiles by quantitative real-time PCR analysis during fruit development, the expression levels of the two genes (ZjSWEET11, ZjSWEET18) gradually increased with the development of the fruit and reached a high level at the full-red fruit stage. A prediction of the cis-acting regulatory elements indicated that the promoter sequences of ZjSWEETs contained nine types of phytohormone-responsive cis-regulatory elements and six environmental factors. In addition, the expression profiles by quantitative real-time PCR analysis showed that some of the ZjSWEETs responded to environmental changes; ZjSWEET2 was highly induced in response to cold stress, and ZjSWEET8 was significantly up-regulated in response to alkali and salt stresses. This study showed that the functions of the ZjSWEET family members of jujube are different, and some may play an important role in sugar accumulation and abiotic stress in jujube.


Assuntos
Ziziphus , Humanos , Ziziphus/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Açúcares/análise
4.
BMC Plant Biol ; 23(1): 36, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) are beneficial microorganisms in soil-plant interactions; however, the underlying mechanisms regarding their roles in legumes environmental stress remain elusive. Present trials were undertaken to study the effect of AMF on the ameliorating of salt, drought, and cold stress in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) plants. A new product of AMF combined with Rhizophagus irregularis SA, Rhizophagus clarus BEG142, Glomus lamellosum ON393, and Funneliformis mosseae BEG95 (1: 1: 1: 1, w/w/w/w) was inoculated with peanut and the physiological and metabolomic responses of the AMF-inoculated and non-inoculated peanut plants to salt, drought, and cold stress were comprehensively characterized, respectively. RESULTS: AMF-inoculated plants exhibited higher plant growth, leaf relative water content (RWC), net photosynthetic rate, maximal photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (PSII) (Fv/Fm), activities of antioxidant enzymes, and K+: Na+ ratio while lower leaf relative electrolyte conductivity (REC), concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA), and the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) under stressful conditions. Moreover, the structures of chloroplast thylakoids and mitochondria in AMF-inoculated plants were less damaged by these stresses. Non-targeted metabolomics indicated that AMF altered numerous pathways associated with organic acids and amino acid metabolisms in peanut roots under both normal-growth and stressful conditions, which were further improved by the osmolytes accumulation data. CONCLUSION: This study provides a promising AMF product and demonstrates that this AMF combination could enhance peanut salt, drought, and cold stress tolerance through improving plant growth, protecting photosystem, enhancing antioxidant system, and regulating osmotic adjustment.


Assuntos
Micorrizas , Micorrizas/fisiologia , Arachis/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Secas , Cloreto de Sódio
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e242603, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355852

RESUMO

Abstract Transcription factors (TF) are a wide class of genes in plants, and these can regulate the expression of other genes in response to various environmental stresses (biotic and abiotic). In the current study, transcription factor activity in sugarcane was examined during cold stress. Initially, RNA transcript reads of two sugarcane cultivars (ROC22 and GT08-1108) under cold stress were downloaded from SRA NCBI database. The reads were aligned into a reference genome and the differential expression analyses were performed with the R/Bioconductor edgeR package. Based on our analyses in the ROC22 cultivar, 963 TF genes were significantly upregulated under cold stress among a total of 5649 upregulated genes, while 293 TF genes were downregulated among a total of 3,289 downregulated genes. In the GT08-1108 cultivar, 974 TF genes were identified among 5,649 upregulated genes and 283 TF genes were found among 3,289 downregulated genes. Most transcription factors were annotated with GO categories related to protein binding, transcription factor binding, DNA-sequence-specific binding, transcription factor complex, transcription factor activity in RNA polymerase II, the activity of nucleic acid binding transcription factor, transcription corepressor activity, sequence-specific regulatory region, the activity of transcription factor of RNA polymerase II, transcription factor cofactor activity, transcription factor activity from plastid promoter, transcription factor activity from RNA polymerase I promoter, polymerase II and RNA polymerase III. The findings of above results will help to identify differentially expressed transcription factors during cold stress. It also provides a comprehensive analysis of the regulation of the transcription activity of many genes. Therefore, this study provides the molecular basis for improving cold tolerance in sugarcane and other economically important grasses.


Resumo Fatores de transcrição (FT) são uma ampla classe de genes em plantas e podem regular a expressão de outros genes em resposta a vários estresses ambientais (estresses bióticos e abióticos). No presente estudo, a atividade do fator de transcrição na cana-de-açúcar foi examinada durante o estresse pelo frio. Inicialmente, as leituras de transcrição de RNA de duas cultivares de cana-de-açúcar (ROC22 e GT08-1108) sob estresse frio foram baixadas do banco de dados SRA NCBI. As leituras foram alinhadas em um genoma de referência e as análises de expressão diferencial foram realizadas com o pacote R / Bioconductor edgeR. Com base em nossas análises no cultivar ROC22, 963 genes TF foram significativamente regulados positivamente sob estresse pelo frio entre um total de 5.649 genes regulados positivamente, enquanto 293 genes TF foram regulados negativamente entre um total de 3.289 genes regulados negativamente. No cultivar GT08-1108, 974 genes TF foram identificados entre 5.649 genes regulados positivamente e 283 genes TF foram encontrados entre 3.289 genes regulados negativamente. Os fatores de transcrição, em sua maioria, foram anotados com categorias GO relacionadas à ligação de proteína, ligação de fator de transcrição, ligação específica de sequência de DNA, complexo de fator de transcrição, atividade de fator de transcrição em RNA polimerase II, atividade de fator de transcrição de ligação de ácido nucleico, atividade de corepressor de transcrição, sequência específica da região reguladora, atividade do fator de transcrição da RNA polimerase II, atividade do cofator do fator de transcrição, atividade do fator de transcrição do promotor do plastídio, atividade do fator de transcrição do promotor da RNA polimerase I, polimerase II e RNA polimerase III. As descobertas dos resultados acima ajudarão a identificar fatores de transcrição expressos diferencialmente durante o estresse pelo frio. Ele também fornece uma análise abrangente da regulação da atividade de transcrição de muitos genes. Portanto, este estudo fornece base molecular para melhorar a tolerância ao frio em cana-de-açúcar e outras gramíneas economicamente importantes.


Assuntos
Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
6.
J Bacteriol ; 205(1): e0038222, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36507682

RESUMO

Peptidoglycan (PG) is a unique and essential component of the bacterial cell envelope. It is made up of several linear glycan polymers cross-linked through covalently attached stem peptides making it a fortified mesh-like sacculus around the bacterial cytosolic membrane. In most bacteria, including Escherichia coli, the stem peptide is made up of l-alanine (l-Ala1), d-glutamate (d-Glu2), meso-diaminopimelic acid (mDAP3), d-alanine (d-Ala4), and d-Ala5 with cross-links occurring either between d-ala4 and mDAP3 or between two mDAP3 residues. Of these, the cross-links of the 4-3 (d-Ala4-mDAP3) type are the most predominant and are formed by penicillin-binding D,D-transpeptidases, whereas the formation of less frequent 3-3 linkages (mDAP3-mDAP3) is catalyzed by L,D-transpeptidases. In this study, we found that the frequency of the 3-3 cross-linkages increased upon cold shock in exponentially growing E. coli and that the increase was mediated by an L,D-transpeptidase, LdtD. We found that a cold-inducible RNA helicase DeaD enhanced the cellular LdtD level by facilitating its translation resulting in an increased abundance of 3-3 cross-linkages during cold shock. However, DeaD was also required for optimal expression of LdtD during growth at ambient temperature. Overall, our study finds that E. coli undergoes PG remodeling during cold shock by altering the frequency of 3-3 cross-linkages, implying a role for these modifications in conferring fitness and survival advantage to bacteria growing in diverse environmental conditions. IMPORTANCE Most bacteria are surrounded by a protective exoskeleton called peptidoglycan (PG), an extensively cross-linked mesh-like macromolecule. In bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, the cross-links in the PG are of two types: a major fraction is of 4-3 type whereas a minor fraction is of 3-3 type. Here, we showed that E. coli exposed to cold shock had elevated levels of 3-3 cross-links due to the upregulation of an enzyme, LdtD, that catalyzed their formation. We showed that a cold-inducible RNA helicase DeaD enhanced the cellular LdtD level by facilitating its translation, resulting in increased 3-3 cross-links during cold shock. Our results suggest that PG remodeling contributes to the survival and fitness of bacteria growing in conditions of cold stress.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Peptidil Transferases , Peptidil Transferases/análise , Peptidil Transferases/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Peptidoglicano/metabolismo , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo
7.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 14(2): 277-288, 2023 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36574489

RESUMO

Age-dependent formation of insoluble protein aggregates is a hallmark of many neurodegenerative diseases. We are interested in the cell chemistry that drives the aggregation of polyQ-expanded mutant Huntingtin (mHtt) protein into insoluble inclusion bodies (IBs). Using an inducible cell model of Huntington's disease, we show that a transient cold shock (CS) at 4 °C followed by recovery incubation at temperatures of 25-37 °C strongly and rapidly induces the compaction of diffuse polyQ-expanded HuntingtinExon1-enhanced green fluorescent protein chimera protein (mHtt) into round, micron size, cytosolic IBs. This transient CS-induced mHtt IB formation is independent of microtubule integrity or de novo protein synthesis. The addition of millimolar concentrations of sodium chloride accelerates, whereas urea suppresses this transient CS-induced mHtt IB formation. These results suggest that the low temperature of CS constrains the conformation dynamics of the intrinsically disordered mHtt into labile intermediate structures to facilitate de-solvation and hydrophobic interaction for IB formation at the higher recovery temperature. This work, along with our previous observation of the effects of heat shock protein chaperones and osmolytes in driving mHtt IB formation, underscores the primacy of mHtt structuring and rigidification for H-bond-mediated cross-linking in a two-step mechanism of mHtt IB formation in living cells.


Assuntos
Doença de Huntington , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Humanos , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/metabolismo , Citosol/metabolismo , Proteína Huntingtina/metabolismo , Corpos de Inclusão/metabolismo , Doença de Huntington/genética , Doença de Huntington/metabolismo , Mutação/genética
8.
Geroscience ; 45(2): 1081-1093, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36527583

RESUMO

Adapting to stress, including cold environmental temperature (eT), is crucial for the survival of mammals, especially small rodents. Long-lived mutant mice have enhanced stress resistance against oxidative and non-oxidative challenges. However, much less is known about the response of those long-lived mice to cold stress. Growth hormone receptor knockout (GHR-KO) mice are long-lived with reduced growth hormone signaling. We wanted to test whether GHR-KO mice have enhanced resistance to cold stress. To examine the response of GHR-KO mice to cold eT, GHR-KO mice were housed at mild cold eT (16 °C) immediately following weaning. Longevity results showed that female GHR-KO and wild-type (WT) mice retained similar lifespan, while both male GHR-KO and WT mice had shortened lifespan compared to the mice housed at 23 °C eT. Female GHR-KO and WT mice housed at 16 °C had upregulated fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), enhanced energy metabolism, reduced plasma triglycerides, and increased mRNA expression of some xenobiotic enzymes compared to females housed at 23 °C and male GHR-KO and WT mice housed under the same condition. In contrast, male GHR-KO and WT mice housed at 16 °C showed deleterious effects in parameters which might be associated with their shortened longevity compared to male GHR-KO and WT mice housed at 23 °C. Together, this study suggests that in response to mild cold stress, sex plays a pivotal role in the regulation of longevity, and female GHR-KO and WT mice are more resistant to this challenge than the males.


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Frio , Receptores da Somatotropina , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Receptores da Somatotropina/genética , Receptores da Somatotropina/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Longevidade/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais , Mamíferos/metabolismo
9.
J Therm Biol ; 110: 103369, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462866

RESUMO

Interest in assessing the critical thermal limits of bees is rapidly increasing, as these physiological traits are good predictors of bees' potential responses to extreme temperature changes, which is relevant in the context of global climate change. However, estimates of thermal limits may be influenced by several factors and published studies differ in experimental methods and conditions, such as the rate of temperature change (ramping rate) and feeding status, which might yield inaccurate predictions and limit comparisons across taxa and regions. Using Africanized honey bees as a model organism, we assessed the effect of ramping rate (0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 and 1.5 °C min-1) and length of starvation (recently fed vs. fasted for 6, 12, and 18 h) on foragers' lower (CTMin) and upper (CTMax) thermal limits, as well as the effect of cold stress on CTMax. In addition, we evaluated the two approaches currently used to assess CTMax with a water bath: floating or submerging the testing vials in the bath. We found that critical thermal limits were influenced by ramping rates but not by the other assessed experimental conditions. On average, at ramping rates faster than 0.5 °C min-1, bees displayed a CTMin 1.1-2.6 °C lower and a CTMax 5.3-6.9 °C higher than those of the slowest ramping rate. We discuss the implications of these results and provide suggestions for future thermal studies on bees.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Inanição , Abelhas , Animais , Temperatura , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Fenótipo
10.
J Therm Biol ; 110: 103335, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462874

RESUMO

Working in cold environments can have a variety of negative consequences on health, efficiency, quality, safety, and performance. The present study investigates the risk of cold stress in petroleum transfer centers in Iran's northwestern cold regions. The proposed method by ISO-15743 (E) was used to assess the risk of cold stress. The activity level (M) was calculated using the ISO 8996:2021 standard. The evaluation of local cooling, contact of cold surfaces, and hand and face temperature was performed using ISO 11079, ISO 13732-3, and ISO 9886, respectively. During their work, 28 outdoor site men and mechanics as a case group and 8 operators as a control group put through subjective analysis. According to the findings, the mean Icl,r, IREQmin, and IREQneutral were 1.59 ± 0.33, 2.1 ± 0.44, and 2.43 ± 0.45, respectively. The mean equivalent chill temperature was -13.83 ± 5.45, and workers were at risk of local cooling stress at levels 1 and 2. The case group showed greater losses in finger skin temperatures after short term exposure to extremely cold environments than the control group (P < 0.001). Based on the questionnaire results a significant percentage of workers performing the activity during the winter have more difficulty. Prolonged general and local cold exposure can cause pain, numbness, and frostbite in site men and mechanics. Careful planning, training, extensive distribution of cold protective clothing, rest periods, a relatively short stay in the cold environment, and proper equipment can greatly reduce these hazards.


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Frio , Petróleo , Masculino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Medição de Risco , Temperatura Baixa
11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 585, 2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36517759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cold stress adversely influences rapeseeds (Brassica napus L.) growth and yield during winter and spring seasons. Hydrogen (H2) is a potential gasotransmitter that is used to enhance tolerance against abiotic stress, including cold stress. However, convenience and stability are two crucial limiting factors upon the application of H2 in field agriculture. To explore the application of H2 in field, here we evaluated the role of ammonia borane (AB), a new candidate for a H2 donor produced by industrial chemical production, in plant cold tolerance. RESULTS: The application with AB could obviously alleviate the inhibition of rapeseed seedling growth and reduce the oxidative damage caused by cold stress. The above physiological process was closely related to the increased antioxidant enzyme system and reestablished redox homeostasis. Importantly, cold stress-triggered endogenous H2S biosynthesis was further stimulated by AB addition. The removal or inhibition of H2S synthesis significantly abolished plant tolerance against cold stress elicited by AB. Further field experiments demonstrated that the phenotypic and physiological performances of rapeseed plants after challenged with cold stress in the winter and early spring seasons were significantly improved by administration with AB. Particularly, the most studied cold-stress response pathway, the ICE1-CBF-COR transcriptional cascade, was significantly up-regulated either. CONCLUSION: Overall, this study clearly observed the evidence that AB-increased tolerance against cold stress could be suitable for using in field agriculture by stimulation of H2S signaling.


Assuntos
Boranos , Brassica napus , Brassica rapa , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Brassica napus/metabolismo , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Amônia , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Brassica rapa/metabolismo , Plantas/metabolismo
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498836

RESUMO

Plant laccases, as multicopper oxidases, play an important role in monolignol polymerization, and participate in the resistance response of plants to multiple biotic/abiotic stresses. However, little is currently known about the role of laccases in the cold stress response of plants. In this study, the laccase activity and lignin content of C. sinensis leaves increased after the low-temperature treatment, and cold treatment induced the differential regulation of 21 CsLACs, with 15 genes being upregulated and 6 genes being downregulated. Exceptionally, the relative expression level of CsLAC18 increased 130.17-fold after a 48-h treatment. The full-length coding sequence of CsLAC18 consists of 1743 nucleotides and encodes a protein of 580 amino acids, and is predominantly expressed in leaves and fruits. CsLAC18 was phylogenetically related to AtLAC17, and was localized in the cell membrane. Overexpression of CsLAC18 conferred enhanced cold tolerance on transgenic tobacco; however, virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS)-mediated suppression of CsLAC18 in Poncirus trifoliata significantly impaired resistance to cold stress. As a whole, our findings revealed that CsLAC18 positively regulates a plant's response to cold stress, providing a potential target for molecular breeding or gene editing.


Assuntos
Citrus , Poncirus , Citrus/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Lacase/genética , Lacase/metabolismo , Poncirus/genética , Temperatura Baixa , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498847

RESUMO

Cold stress disturbs cellular metabolic and energy homeostasis, which is one of the causes of stress-induced illnesses. O-GlcNAcylation is a nutrient-sensing pathway involved in a myriad of cellular processes. It plays a key role in metabolic homeostasis. Nevertheless, a specific sensing mechanism linking skeletal muscle to O-GlcNAcylation in cold stress is unknown. In this study, O-GlcNAcylation of SIRT1 was targeted to explore the mechanism of skeletal muscle adaptation to cold stress. Ogt mKO aggravated skeletal muscle fibrosis induced by cold stress. At the same time, Ogt gene deletion accelerated the homeostasis imbalance and oxidative stress of skeletal muscle mitochondria induced by cold stress. In vitro results showed that inhibition of SIRT1's O-GlcNAcylation accelerated mild hypothermia induced mitochondrial homeostasis in mouse myogenic cells (C2C12 cells). However, overexpression of SIRT1's O-GlcNAcylation improved the above phenomena. Thus, these results reveal a protective role of OGT-SIRT1 in skeletal muscle's adaptation to cold stress, and our findings will provide new avenues to combat stress-induced diseases.


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Frio , Desenvolvimento Muscular , Camundongos , Animais , Desenvolvimento Muscular/fisiologia , Homeostase , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , N-Acetilglucosaminiltransferases/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499255

RESUMO

Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) is an economically important tropical oil crop widely cultivated in tropical zones worldwide. Being a tropical crop, low-temperature stress adversely affects the oil palm. However, integrative leaf transcriptomic and proteomic analyses have not yet been conducted on an oil palm crop under cold stress. In this study, integrative omics transcriptomic and iTRAQ-based proteomic approaches were employed for three oil palm varieties, i.e., B × E (Bamenda × Ekona), O × G (E. oleifera × Elaeis guineensis), and T × E (Tanzania × Ekona), in response to low-temperature stress. In response to low-temperature stress at (8 °C) for 5 days, a total of 5175 up- and 2941 downregulated DEGs in BE-0_VS_BE-5, and a total of 3468 up- and 2443 downregulated DEGs for OG-0_VS_OG-5, and 3667 up- and 2151 downregulated DEGs for TE-0_VS_TE-5 were identified. iTRAQ-based proteomic analysis showed 349 up- and 657 downregulated DEPs for BE-0_VS_BE-5, 372 up- and 264 downregulated DEPs for OG-0_VS_OG-5, and 500 up- and 321 downregulated DEPs for TE-0_VS_TE-5 compared to control samples treated at 28 °C and 8 °C, respectively. The KEGG pathway correlation of oil palm has shown that the metabolic synthesis and biosynthesis of secondary metabolites pathways were significantly enriched in the transcriptome and proteome of the oil palm varieties. The correlation expression pattern revealed that TE-0_VS_TE-5 is highly expressed and BE-0_VS_BE-5 is suppressed in both the transcriptome and proteome in response to low temperature. Furthermore, numerous transcription factors (TFs) were found that may regulate cold acclimation in three oil palm varieties at low temperatures. Moreover, this study identified proteins involved in stresses (abiotic, biotic, oxidative, and heat shock), photosynthesis, and respiration in iTRAQ-based proteomic analysis of three oil palm varieties. The increased abundance of stress-responsive proteins and decreased abundance of photosynthesis-related proteins suggest that the TE variety may become cold-resistant in response to low-temperature stress. This study may provide a basis for understanding the molecular mechanism for the adaptation of oil palm varieties in response to low-temperature stress in China.


Assuntos
Arecaceae , Proteômica , Temperatura Baixa , Arecaceae/genética , Arecaceae/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Proteoma/genética , Proteoma/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Óleo de Palmeira
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(23)2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36499551

RESUMO

Juglans mandshurica has strong freezing resistance, surviving temperatures as low as -40 °C, making it an important freeze tolerant germplasm resource of the genus Juglans. APETALA2/ethylene responsive factor (AP2/ERF) is a plant-specific superfamily of transcription factors that regulates plant development, growth, and the response to biotic and abiotic stress. In this study, phylogenetic analysis was used to identify 184 AP2/ERF genes in the J. mandshurica genome, which were classified into five subfamilies (JmAP2, JmRAV, JmSoloist, JmDREB, and JmERF). A significant amount of discordance was observed in the 184 AP2/ERF genes distribution of J. mandshurica throughout its 16 chromosomes. Duplication was found in 14 tandem and 122 segmental gene pairs, which indicated that duplications may be the main reason for JmAP2/ERF family expansion. Gene structural analysis revealed that 64 JmAP2/ERF genes contained introns. Gene evolution analysis among Juglandaceae revealed that J. mandshurica is separated by 14.23 and 15 Mya from Juglans regia and Carya cathayensis, respectively. Based on promoter analysis in J. mandshurica, many cis-acting elements were discovered that are related to light, hormones, tissues, and stress response processes. Proteins that may contribute to cold resistance were selected for further analysis and were used to construct a cold regulatory network based on GO annotation and JmAP2/ERF protein interaction network analysis. Expression profiling using qRT-PCR showed that 14 JmAP2/ERF genes were involved in cold resistance, and that seven and five genes were significantly upregulated under cold stress in female flower buds and phloem tissues, respectively. This study provides new light on the role of the JmAP2/ERF gene in cold stress response, paving the way for further functional validation of JmAP2/ERF TFs and their application in the genetic improvement of Juglans and other tree species.


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Frio , Juglans , Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Juglans/genética , Juglans/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
16.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(12)2022 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36553638

RESUMO

Alfalfa represents one of the most important legume forages, and it is also applied as an organic fertilizer to improve soil quality. However, this perennial plant is native to warmer temperate regions, and its valuable cold-acclimation-related regulatory mechanisms are still less known. In higher plants, the bHLH transcription factors play pleiotropic regulatory roles in response to abiotic stresses. The recently released whole genome sequencing data of alfalfa allowed us to identify 469 MsbHLHs by multi-step homolog search. Herein, we primarily identified 65 MsbHLH genes that significantly upregulated under cold stress, and such bHLHs were classified into six clades according to their expression patterns. Interestingly, the phylogenetic analysis and conserved motif screening of the cold-induced MsbHLHs showed that the expression pattern is relatively varied in each bHLH subfamily, this result indicating that the 65 MsbHLHs may be involved in a complex cold-responsive regulatory network. Hence, we analyzed the TFBSs at promoter regions that unraveled a relatively conserved TFBS distribution with genes exhibiting similar expression patterns. Eventually, to verify the core components involved in long-term cold acclimation, we examined transcriptome data from a freezing-tolerant species (cv. Zhaodong) in the field and compared the expression of cold-sensitive/tolerant subspecies of alfalfa, giving 11 bHLH as candidates, which could be important for further cold-tolerance enhancement and molecular breeding through genetic engineering in alfalfa.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Medicago sativa/genética , Medicago sativa/metabolismo , Filogenia , Transcriptoma
17.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19536, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376445

RESUMO

Cold stress is a critical environmental challenge that affects an organism's fitness-related traits. In Drosophila, increased resistance to specific environmental stress may lead to increased resistance to other kinds of stress. In the present study, we aimed to understand whether increased cold stress resistance in Drosophila melanogaster can facilitate their ability to tolerate other environmental stresses. For the current study, we used successfully selected replicate populations of D. melanogaster against cold shock and their control population. These selected populations have evolved several reproductive traits, including increased egg viability, mating frequency, male mating ability, ability to sire progenies, and faster recovery for mating latency under cold shock conditions. In the present work, we investigated egg viability and mating frequency with and without heat and cold shock conditions in the selected and their control populations. We also examined resistance to cold shock, heat shock, desiccation, starvation, and survival post-challenge with Staphylococcus succinus subsp. succinus PK-1 in the selected and their control populations. After cold-shock treatment, we found a 1.25 times increase in egg viability and a 1.57 times increase in mating frequency in the selected populations compared to control populations. Moreover, more males (0.87 times) and females (1.66 times) of the selected populations survived under cold shock conditions relative to their controls. After being subjected to heat shock, the selected population's egg viability and mating frequency increased by 0.30 times and 0.57 times, respectively, compared to control populations. Additionally, more selected males (0.31 times) and females (0.98 times) survived under heat shock conditions compared to the control populations. Desiccation resistance slightly increased in the females of the selected populations relative to their control, but we observed no change in the case of males. Starvation resistance decreased in males and females of the selected populations compared to their controls. Our findings suggest that the increased resistance to cold shock correlates with increased tolerance to heat stress, but this evolved resistance comes at a cost, with decreased tolerance to starvation.


Assuntos
Drosophila melanogaster , Inanição , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Adaptação Fisiológica , Evolução Biológica , Reprodução , Drosophila , Temperatura Baixa
18.
Cell Rep ; 41(9): 111739, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36450261

RESUMO

Cold affects many aspects of biology, medicine, agriculture, and industry. Here, we identify a conserved endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response, distinct from the canonical unfolded protein response, that maintains lipid homeostasis during extreme cold. We establish that the ER stress sensor IRE-1 is critical for resistance to extreme cold and activated by cold temperature. Specifically, neuronal IRE-1 signals through JNK-1 and neuropeptide signaling to regulate lipid composition within the animal. This cold-response pathway can be bypassed by dietary supplementation with unsaturated fatty acids. Altogether, our findings define an ER-centric conserved organism-wide cold stress response, consisting of molecular neuronal sensors, effectors, and signaling moieties, which control adaptation to cold conditions in the organism. Better understanding of the molecular basis of this stress response is crucial for the optimal use of cold conditions on live organisms and manipulation of lipid saturation homeostasis, which is perturbed in human pathologies.


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Frio , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Animais , Humanos , Temperatura Baixa , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Lipídeos
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(22)2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36430463

RESUMO

Cunninghamia lanceolata (C. lanceolata) belongs to Gymnospermae, which are fast-growing and have desirable wood properties. However, C. lanceolata's stress resistance is little understood. To unravel the physiological and molecular regulation mechanisms under environmental stresses in the typical gymnosperm species of C. lanceolata, three-year-old plants were exposed to simulated drought stress (polyethylene glycol 8000), salicylic acid, and cold treatment at 4 °C for 8 h, 32 h, and 56 h, respectively. Regarding the physiological traits, we observed a decreased protein content and increased peroxidase upon salicylic acid and polyethylene glycol treatment. Superoxide dismutase activity either decreased or increased at first and then returned to normal under the stresses. Regarding the molecular regulation, we used both nanopore direct RNA sequencing and short-read sequencing to reveal a total of 5646 differentially expressed genes in response to different stresses, of which most had functions in lignin catabolism, pectin catabolism, and xylan metabolism, indicating that the development of stem-differentiating xylem was affected upon stress treatment. Finally, we identified a total of 51 AP2/ERF, 29 NAC, and 37 WRKY transcript factors in C. lanceolata. The expression of most of the NAC TFs increased under cold stress, and the expression of most of the WRKY TFs increased under cold and SA stress. These results revealed the transcriptomics responses in C. lanceolata to short-term stresses under this study's experimental conditions and provide preliminary clues about stem-differentiating xylem changes associated with different stresses.


Assuntos
Cunninghamia , Cunninghamia/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Xilema/genética , Ácido Salicílico
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(22)2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36430598

RESUMO

Spring cold stress (SCS) compromises the reproductive growth of wheat, being a major constraint in achieving high grain yield and quality in winter wheat. To sustain wheat productivity in SCS conditions, breeding cultivars conferring cold tolerance is key. In this review, we examine how grain setting and quality traits are affected by SCS, which may occur at the pre-anthesis stage. We have investigated the physiological and molecular mechanisms involved in floret and spikelet SCS tolerance. It includes the protective enzymes scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS), hormonal adjustment, and carbohydrate metabolism. Lastly, we explored quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that regulate SCS for identifying candidate genes for breeding. The existing cultivars for SCS tolerance were primarily bred on agronomic and morphophysiological traits and lacked in molecular investigations. Therefore, breeding novel wheat cultivars based on QTLs and associated genes underlying the fundamental resistance mechanism is urgently needed to sustain grain setting and quality under SCS.


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Frio , Triticum , Resposta ao Choque Frio/genética , Embaralhamento de DNA , Melhoramento Vegetal , Grão Comestível/genética
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