Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.746
Filtrar
1.
Water Environ Res ; 95(1): e10828, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594542

RESUMO

In the present work, the degradation of magenta dye has been investigated using ultrasonic (US) and ultraviolet (UV) irradiation at a laboratory scale. Additionally, the investigation was conducted at a semi-pilot scale by employing hydrodynamic cavitation and a novel air-marble cavitation reactor. Initially, optimization studies such as the effect of initial dye concentration and catalyst loading of TiO2 and MnO2 followed by the effect of combined catalyst loading (TiO2 /MnO2 ) on the extent of degradation have been studied at a capacity of 3 L. It was observed that the US irradiation results in 87.1% and 68.2% of degradation, whereas the UV irradiation results in 79.8% and 56.4% extent of degradation at 1 g/l of TiO2 and 0.8 g/l of MnO2 , respectively. The maximum degradation was 92.1% at the combined loading of 0.6 g/l (1:0.8; TiO2 :MnO2 ) using US irradiation with a capacity of 3 L and 81.3% using a hydrodynamic cavitation reactor with a semi-pilot scale capacity of 7 L. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) analysis also showed the highest COD removal of 92% at a small scale using the US irradiation and 76% at a semi-pilot scale using hydrodynamic cavitation. On a small scale, the cost of a US/TiO2 + MnO2 treatment scheme is US$ 0.01/L, whereas on a semi-pilot scale using HC/TiO2 + MnO2 , the cost is US$ 0.04/L. Both of these treatment schemes offer viable pathways for degradation based on energy and economic assessments. Overall, the current work has clearly demonstrated the effectiveness of the cavitational reactor for the efficient degradation of magenta dye from lab to semi-pilot scale operation. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Small-scale dye containing wastewater treatment using ultrasound and ultraviolet irradiation Combined use of catalysts at large-scale operations with novel cavitation techniques Novel cavitation techniques studied for dye degradation. Energy efficiency and cost analysis evaluated for AOPs studies.


Assuntos
Compostos de Manganês , Corantes de Rosanilina , Óxidos
2.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364350

RESUMO

In this study, natural Algerian kaolin was used as a support and impregnated with nickel at different loading amounts (2 wt.%, 5 wt.%, and 7 wt.%) in order to prepare a supported catalyst. The wet impregnation technique was used in this preparation; nickel oxide (NiO) was the active phase precursor of the catalyst, and the catalysts were designated as follows: 2%, 5%, and 7% Ni/kaolin. These catalysts were put to the test in catalytic wet peroxide oxidation (CWPO) for degrading the organic contaminant malachite green dye (MG). Analytical techniques such as FTIR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, BET, and X-fluorescence were used to examine the structure, morphology, and chemical composition of the support and the produced catalysts. Several parameters, including temperature, catalytic dose, metal loading, hydrogen peroxide volume, and kinetic model were systematically investigated. The combination of improved parameters resulted in a significant increase in the catalytic activity, achieving a high removal rate of MG dye of 98.87%.


Assuntos
Caulim , Corantes de Rosanilina , Catálise , Oxirredução , Corantes/química
3.
Molecules ; 27(19)2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36234993

RESUMO

Malachite green (MG) dye is a common environmental pollutant that threatens human health and the integrity of the Earth's ecosystem. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential biodegradation of MG dye by actinomycetes species isolated from planted soil near an industrial water effluent in Cairo, Egypt. The Streptomyces isolate St 45 was selected according to its high efficiency for laccase production. It was identified as S. exfoliatus based on phenotype and 16S rRNA molecular analysis and was deposited in the NCBI GenBank with the gene accession number OL720220. Its growth kinetics were studied during an incubation time of 144 h, during which the growth rate was 0.4232 (µ/h), the duplication time (td) was 1.64 d, and multiplication rate (MR) was 0.61 h, with an MG decolorization value of 96% after 120 h of incubation at 25 °C. Eleven physical and nutritional factors (mannitol, frying oil waste, MgSO4, NH4NO3, NH4Cl, dye concentration, pH, agitation, temperature, inoculum size, and incubation time) were screened for significance in the biodegradation of MG by S. exfoliatus using PBD. Out of the eleven factors screened in PBD, five (dye concentration, frying oil waste, MgSO4, inoculum size, and pH) were shown to be significant in the decolorization process. Central composite design (CCD) was applied to optimize the biodegradation of MG. Maximum decolorization was attained using the following optimal conditions: food oil waste, 7.5 mL/L; MgSO4, 0.35 g/L; dye concentration, 0.04 g/L; pH, 4.0; and inoculum size, 12.5%. The products from the degradation of MG by S. exfoliatus were characterized using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results revealed the presence of several compounds, including leuco-malachite green, di(tert-butyl)(2-phenylethoxy) silane, 1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis(2-ethylhexyl) ester, 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis(2-ethylhexyl) ester, 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, di-n-octyl phthalate, and 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, dioctyl ester. Moreover, the phytotoxicity, microbial toxicity, and cytotoxicity tests confirmed that the byproducts of MG degradation were not toxic to plants, microbes, or human cells. The results of this work implicate S. exfoliatus as a novel strain for MG biodegradation in different environments.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Streptomyces , Biodegradação Ambiental , Corantes/química , Ecossistema , Ésteres , Humanos , Lacase , Manitol , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Corantes de Rosanilina , Silanos , Solo , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/metabolismo , Água
4.
Molecules ; 27(19)2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36235198

RESUMO

This study investigated the effect of different storage temperatures (35-55 °C) on the bioactive substances and antioxidant properties of Hyeronima macrocarpa berries loaded on nanocellulose. NC was extracted from banana pseudo-stems and presented an interesting surface and porosity properties. The acidified ethanol extract showed better anthocyanin extraction (1317 mg C3G eq./100 g FW) and was used for the preparation of the powdered product, which presented an intense and uniform magenta color, with CIELAB parameters of L* = 59.16, a* = 35.61, and b* = 7.08. The powder exhibited significant stability at storage temperatures of 35 and 45 °C, in which there was no significant loss of anthocyanins or a decrease in antioxidant capacity. In addition, the color was stable for up to 4 months without adding any preservative agent. The anthocyanin-rich extract of H. macrocarpa reached an estimated shelf-life of 315 days (stored at 35 °C), as a result of the impregnation process between the extract and NC, with the ability to protect the bioactives from degradation, due to NC surface properties.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Frutas , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Etanol/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Pós/metabolismo , Corantes de Rosanilina
5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 222(Pt B): 2083-2097, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228810

RESUMO

In the present work, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) was used to develop hydrogels as adsorbents for wastewater treatment applications due to its surface functionality and modifiable characteristics. Hydrogels (Hyd) were synthesized by grafting copolymers of acrylic acid (AA) and itaconic acid (IA) onto the CMC backbone by free radical polymerization method in order to remediate Fuchsin from aqueous solution. The presence of CMC in copolymer hydrogel of AA and IA (Poly(AA-co-IA)) up to 14.29 wt% enhances equilibrium swelling and removal efficiency. Different novel nanocomposite hydrogel samples were prepared by varying weight percentages of carbon black (CB) nanoparticles in the range of 0 to 12.5 wt%. The addition of CB up to 5 wt% enhanced the swelling and removal efficiency of the Hyd. Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) test gave the surface area of 0.615, and 0.890 m2/g for Hyd and Hyd/CB, respectively, indicating that incorporation of CB led to a significant increase in Hyd surface area. The Maximum removal efficiency of Fuchsin under the optimum conditions was obtained to be 83.33, 93.54, and 98.76 % for Poly(AA-co-IA), Hyd, and Hyd/CB, respectively. The kinetic study showed that the pseudo-second-order is the best-fitted model. Isotherm studies showed that equilibrium data have a good fitness with the Langmuir model with R2 of 0.978, 0.992, and 0.982 for Poly(AA-co-IA), Hyd, and Hyd/CB, respectively. The Langmuir model gave an adsorption capacity of 26.99, 31.6, and 33.75 mg/g for Poly(AA-co-IA), Hyd, and Hyd/CB, respectively. Also, the value of n and RL parameters demonstrated that the adsorption process is physical and favorable for adsorbents. The study of thermodynamic parameters illustrated that the adsorption of Fuchsin using adsorbents is a spontaneous, exothermic, and entropy-decreasing process. Regeneration study showed that CMC-based hydrogels have higher performance in ad(de)sorption cycles than Poly(AA-co-IA) and the addition of CB to the Hyd matrix enhances reusability. Overall, Hyd and Hyd/CB can be used as promising adsorbents for the remediation of Fuchsin due to high swelling and adsorption capability.


Assuntos
Carboximetilcelulose Sódica , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Corantes de Rosanilina , Nanogéis , Fuligem , Descontaminação , Adsorção , Hidrogéis , Cinética , Polímeros , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
6.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0275330, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36201492

RESUMO

The use of macrocyclic compounds to remove organic dyes is fascinating because they have a wide surface area range and can be used for different things. new (14E, 34E)-7-Hydroxy-7, 8, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27-Octahydro-6H, 16H, 33H Tetrabenzo[f,k,u,z][1,5,13,20]Tetraoxacycloheptacosine-16,33-Dione (HOTTD) was obtained by a simple high-dilution method, and characterized by FTIR, 1H-NMR, FESEM, EDX, and XRD. It worked well in removing organic dyes from aqueous solutions. Contact time, pH, dosage, initial concentration and temperature were studied. The optimum conditions were achieved by using 20 mg/L dye concentration, 50 mg dose of adsorbent and pH 9.0 at room temperature. The adsorption process was remarkably fast and reached equilibrium within 10 min for both Brilliant Green and Malachite Green while 70 min for Safranin. The batch adsorption experiments followed a pseudo 2nd order and Langmuir model with maximum adsorption capacity 19.26 mg/g, 18.28 mg/g, and 14.35 mg/g for Brilliant Green, Malachite green and Safranin respectively. The process was endothermic and spontaneous in nature. Adsorbent regeneration test provides an excellent value 5 times.


Assuntos
Corantes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Corantes/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Corantes de Rosanilina/química , Soluções , Termodinâmica , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
7.
Acta Chim Slov ; 0(0): 7601, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36196830

RESUMO

Coordination compounds as dopants to conducting polymers combine desirable properties of individual components for a synergistic effect. Prussian red (PR) a low spin iron (III) coordination compound was doped in polythiophene (PTP) matrix to explore propensity of this inorganic-organic hybrid composite material towards wastewater treatment. PR doping was observed to improve mechano, thermal, electrical, and photocatalytic attributes of pure PTP. PTP/PR composite characterization was attempted using the powder X-ray diffraction, TEM, TGA, FTIR, BET analysis and UV-Visible spectroscopy. Optimization of adsorption conditions, adsorbent regeneration, adsorption thermodynamics studies of PTP/PR were carried out using malachite green (MG) dye as a model system. Under optimized conditions 92% MG dye adsorption was observed over 20 mg PTP/PR nanocomposite in 20 minutes at pH 7. PTP/PR nanocomposite also demonstrated a complimentary performance with real wastewater samples. Thermodynamic studies indicate spontaneous process with electrostatic attraction as the predominant noncovalent interaction. This study highlights designing catalysts capable of synergistic adsorption and photocatalytic activities for effective wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Ferro , Cinética , Polímeros , Pós , Corantes de Rosanilina , Termodinâmica , Tiofenos , /química
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36231501

RESUMO

This article reports the synthesis of PbO doped MgZnO (PbO@MgZnO) by a co-precipitation method, followed by an ultrasonication process. PbO@MgZnO demonstrates a significant adsorption capability toward Magenta Dye (MD). The greatest adsorption capability was optimized by varying parameters such as pH, MD concentration, and adsorbent dose. The kinetics study illustrates that the adsorption of MD on PbO@MgZnO follows the pseudo-second-order. The isotherm study revealed that Langmuir is best fitted for the adsorption, but with little difference in the R2 value of Langmuir and Freundlich, the adsorption process cloud be single or multi-layer. The maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 333.33 mg/g. The negative ΔG refers to the spontaneity of MD adsorption on PbO@MgZnO. The steric parameters from statistical physics models also favor the multi-layer adsorption mechanism. As a function of solution temperature, the parameter n pattern has values of n = 0.395, 0.290, and 0.280 for 298, 308, and 318 K, respectively (i.e., all values were below 1). Therefore, horizontal molecule positioning and multiple locking mechanisms were implicated during interactions between MD and PbO@MgZnO active sites.


Assuntos
Corantes de Rosanilina , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Física , Termodinâmica , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
9.
Nanotechnology ; 33(50)2022 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103847

RESUMO

The present study demonstrates the crucial role of agave americana extract in enhancing the optical properties of zinc oxide (ZnO) through thermal treatment method. Various analytical and surface science techniques have been used to identify the morphology, crystalline structure, chemical composition, and optical properties, including scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and UV-visible spectroscopy techniques. The physical studies revealed the transformation of ZnO nanorods into nanosheets upon addition of an optimized amount of agave americana extract, which induced large amount of amorphous carbon deposited onto ZnO nanostructures as confirmed by HRTEM analysis. The use of increasing amount of americana extract has significantly reduced the average crystallite size of ZnO nanostructures. The resultant hybrid system of C@ZnO has produced a significant effect on the ultraviolet light-assisted photodegradation of malachite green (MG) dye. The photocatalyst dose was fixed at 10 mg for each study whereas the amount of agave americana extract and MG dye concentration are varied. The functionality of hybrid system was greatly enhanced when the amount of agave americana extract increased while dye concentration kept at lower level. Ultimately, almost 100% degradation efficiency was achieved via the prepared hybrid material, revealing combined contribution from synergy, stabilization of ZnO due to excess of carbon together with the high charge separation rate. The obtained results suggest that the driving role of agave americana extract for surface modification of photocatalyst can be considered for other nanostructured photocatalysts.


Assuntos
Agave , Nanocompostos , Óxido de Zinco , Carbono , Catálise , Fotólise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Corantes de Rosanilina , Óxido de Zinco/química
10.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 435, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Camellia oleifera Abel. (C. oleifera) is an important traditional woody species in China that produces edible oil. However, the current literature lacks a proper understanding of C. oleifera's ability to adapt to different photoperiods. RESULTS: Our results indicate that the photoperiod can significantly impact flowering time in C. oleifera. We grew a total of nine samples under the short day condition (SD), middle day condition (MD) and long day condition (LD). Transcriptome analysis yielded 66.94 Gb of high-quality clean reads, with an average of over 6.73 Gb of reads for per sample. Following assembly, a total of 120,080 transcripts were obtained and 94,979 unigenes annotated. A total of 3475 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between the SD_MD, SD_LD, and MD_LD gene sets. Moreover, WGCNA identified ten gene modules. Genes in pink module (92 genes) were positively correlated with SD, and negatively correlated with both MD and LD. Genes in the magenta module (42 genes) were positively correlated with MD and negatively correlated with both LD and SD. Finally, genes in the yellow module (1758 genes) were positively correlated with both SD and MD, but negatively correlated with LD. KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that genes in the pink, magenta, and yellow modules were involved in flavonoid biosynthesis, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism and circadian rhythm pathways. Additionally, eight hub genes (GI, AP2, WRKY65, SCR, SHR, PHR1, ERF106, and SCL3) were obtained through network analysis. The hub genes had high connectivity with other photoperiod-sensitive DEGs. The expression levels of hub genes were verified by qRT-PCR analysis. CONCLUSION: An increase in light duration promotes earlier flowering of C. oleifera. Flavonoid biosynthesis, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, and circadian rhythm pathways may function in the photoperiodic flowering pathway of C. oleifera. We also identified eight hub genes that may play a role in this pathway. Ultimately, this work contributes to our understanding of the photoperiodic flowering pathway of C. oleifera and further informs molecular breeding programs on the plant's photoperiodic sensitivity.


Assuntos
Camellia , Amino Açúcares , Camellia/genética , Flavonoides , Nucleotídeos , Fotoperíodo , Corantes de Rosanilina , Transcriptoma
11.
BMJ Open Ophthalmol ; 7(1)2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36161825

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop a new dye formulation for vitreoretinal surgery, which shows increased transparency for better intraoperative handling with better parameters important for use. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A new blue dye, DDG, was synthesised and tested for toxicity and staining. Diglycerol as new density-increasing additive was identified, and its toxicity and lack of influence of the staining with trypan blue (TB) on a collagen membrane as model for the epiretinal membrane was determined. Transparency of the dye solution was evaluated. RESULTS: DDG is as alternative to Brilliant Blue G (BBG), with good staining properties for interna limitans models, and a good safety profile. Diglycerol is a new non-toxic additive replacing PEG3350, with reduced viscosity and no reduction in staining, allowing the reduction of TB to achieve the same staining level of the collagen membrane by 40%, with greater transparency of the dye solution and reduced viscosity. Both factors should facilitate a safe removal during surgery. CONCLUSION: A new dye preparation with improved performance in comparison to marketed combinations of BBG and TB was developed. Its reduced TB concentration and viscosity with maintained density allow better tolerance and handling.


Assuntos
Azul Tripano , Cirurgia Vitreorretiniana , Corantes , Corantes de Rosanilina
12.
Molecules ; 27(18)2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144533

RESUMO

A facile, ecofriendly, and cost-effective method was developed to prepare a microporous material based on natural chemically modified bentonite with silver ions (BN-Ag0). This material presents a good catalytic activity against Malachite Green (MG) dye and bacteriostatic activity against a newly isolated bacterium from sewage sludge named hereafter "ISO SS" and Escherichia coli (E. coli). BN-Ag0 was characterized by the following methods: energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). The new bacterium ISO SS, was isolated using the technique of isolating a pure culture of anaerobically stabilized sludge. A mandatory characterization of ISO SS isolated strains from anaerobic stabilized sludge was performed in the process of identifying bacterial species. The cationic clay-based nanomaterial showed appreciable antibacterial activity against ISO SS, a Gram-negative bacterium. It also showed good activity against E. coli bacteria. As a catalyst in the catalytic ozonation of MG dye, BN-Ag0 significantly improves the oxidation time of the dye, due to its good adsorption and catalytic properties. The catalytic and antibacterial activities of the natural bentonite (BN) and of BN-Ag0 were examined using performant characterization techniques. The lifetime of the BN-Ag0 catalyst was also evaluated. Results obtained are expected to provide valuable findings for the preparation of a good microporous material with multiple functionalities.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Ozônio , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bentonita/química , Bentonita/farmacologia , Argila , Escherichia coli , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Ozônio/farmacologia , Corantes de Rosanilina , Esgotos , Prata/química , Prata/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
13.
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) ; 62(11): 530-534, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36130905

RESUMO

Crystal violet (CV) ink has been used as a skin marker worldwide. It has been reported to be useful for vessel wall visualization of microvascular anastomoses. Contrastingly, it has been found to be carcinogenic and inhibit migration and proliferation of venous cells. In some countries, its use in the medical field has been restricted. Therefore, it is necessary to consider alternatives to CV. In this present study, we compared the time required for the anastomosis of a 0.8-1 mm diameter vessel in the chicken wrist artery using CV and a CV-free dye (ethyl violet; EV). The surgeon, microscope, and anastomosis microsurgical tools were standardized for comparison. CV and EV were changed for each anastomosis. The same surgeon performed 30 anastomoses using each dye. No visually obvious differences were noted in the vascular transections with CV and EV. As per the results, no statistically significant difference was observed in the time required for anastomosis using CV and EV. EV conforming to California Proposition 65 may be an effective alternative to CV for vascular visualization of microvascular anastomoses. However, further studies on the effectiveness of the EV in clinical cases are needed.


Assuntos
Violeta Genciana , Corantes de Rosanilina , Violeta Genciana/química , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Veias/cirurgia , Microcirurgia/métodos
14.
J Chromatogr A ; 1681: 463456, 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095973

RESUMO

In this work, a disposable and inexpensive bamboo stir bar containing an organic membrane was constructed to perform stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE), followed by portable mass spectrometry to achieve on-site detection of four residual drugs (malachite green, crystal violet and their metabolites) in fishes. The entire method uses only microliter quantities of organic solvents, enabling environmentally friendly pretreatment. The portable mass spectrometer can simultaneously detect four target analytes in a sample in approximately ten seconds. Under the optimal conditions, the proposed method was successfully applied to simultaneously detect four drugs in fish samples with detection limits of 0.16-0.59 µg/kg. The spiked recoveries for mandarin fish and lateolabrax maculatus were 74.5-96.5%, with relative standard deviations (RSD) of 4.4-16%. In addition, the matrix effects of the four analytical targets in the method were experimentally verified to range from 7.30% to 20.62%. The method can potentially be extended to the on-site detection of other veterinary drug residues in foods.


Assuntos
Violeta Genciana , Drogas Veterinárias , Animais , Peixes , Limite de Detecção , Espectrometria de Massas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Corantes de Rosanilina , Solventes
15.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 169: 113398, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096291

RESUMO

It is necessary to determine whether synthetic dyes are present in food since their excessive use has detrimental effects on human health. For the simultaneous assessment of tartrazine and Patent Blue V, a novel electrochemical sensing platform was developed. As a result, two artificial azo colorants (Tartrazine and Patent Blue V) with toxic azo groups (-NN-) and other carcinogenic aromatic ring structures were examined. With a low limit of detection of 0.06 µM, a broad linear concentration range 0.09µM to 950µM, and a respectable recovery, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was able to reveal the excellent sensing performance of the suggested electrode for patent blue V. The electrochemical performance of an electrode can be characterized using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Moreover, the classification model was created by applying binary classification assessment using enhanced artificial intelligence comprises of support vector machine (SVM) and Genetic Algorithm (GA), respectively, a support vector machine and a genetic algorithm, which was then validated using the 50 dyes test set. The best binary logistic regression model has an accuracy of 83.2% and 81.1%, respectively, while the best SVM model has an accuracy of 90.3% for the training group of samples and 81.1% for the test group (RMSE = 0.644, R2 = 0.873, C = 205.41, and = 5.992). According to the findings, Cu-BTC MOF (copper (II)-benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate) has a crystal structure and is tightly packed with hierarchically porous nanomaterials, with each particle's edge measuring between 20 and 37 nm. The suggested electrochemical sensor's analytical performance is suitable for foods like jellies, condiments, soft drinks and candies.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Compostos Azo , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Corantes de Alimentos , Contaminação de Alimentos , Corantes de Rosanilina , Tartrazina , Humanos , Compostos Azo/análise , Compostos Azo/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Eletrodos , Corantes de Alimentos/análise , Corantes de Alimentos/isolamento & purificação , Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Corantes de Rosanilina/análise , Corantes de Rosanilina/isolamento & purificação
16.
Hepatol Commun ; 6(11): 3120-3131, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098472

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is prevalent worldwide. NAFLD is associated with elevated serum triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL). Both NAFLD and blood lipid levels are genetically influenced and may share a common genetic etiology. We used genome-wide association studies (GWAS)-ranked genes and gene-set enrichment analysis to identify pathways that affect serum lipids and NAFLD. We identified credible genes in these pathways and characterized missense variants in these for effects on serum traits. We used MAGENTA to identify 58 enriched pathways from publicly available TG, LDL, and HDL GWAS (n = 99,000). Three of these pathways were also enriched for associations with European-ancestry NAFLD GWAS (n = 7176). One pathway, farnesoid X receptor (FXR)/retinoid X receptor (RXR) activation, was replicated for association in an African-ancestry NAFLD GWAS (n = 3214) and plays a role in serum lipids and NAFLD. Credible genes (proteins) in FXR/RXR activation include those associated with cholesterol/bile/bilirubin transport/absorption (ABCC2 (MRP2) [ATP binding cassette subfamily C member (multidrug resistance-associated protein 2)], ABCG5, ABCG8 [ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters G5 and G8], APOB (APOB) [apolipoprotein B], FABP6 (ILBP) [fatty acid binding protein 6 (ileal lipid-binding protein)], MTTP (MTP) [microsomal triglyceride transfer protein], SLC4A2 (AE2) [solute carrier family 4 member 2 (anion exchange protein 2)]), nuclear hormone-mediated control of metabolism (NR0B2 (SHP) [nuclear receptor subfamily 0 group B member 2 (small heterodimer partner)], NR1H4 (FXR) [nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group H member 4 (FXR)], PPARA (PPAR) [peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha], FOXO1 (FOXO1A) [forkhead box O1]), or other pathways (FETUB (FETUB) [fetuin B]). Missense variants in ABCC2 (MRP2), ABCG5 (ABCG5), ABCG8 (ABCG8), APOB (APOB), MTTP (MTP), NR0B2 (SHP), NR1H4 (FXR), and PPARA (PPAR) that associate with serum LDL levels also associate with serum liver function tests in UK Biobank. Conclusion: Genetic variants in NR1H4 (FXR) that protect against liver steatosis increase serum LDL cholesterol while variants in other members of the family have congruent effects on these traits. Human genetic pathway enrichment analysis can help guide therapeutic development by identifying effective targets for NAFLD/serum lipid manipulation while minimizing side effects. In addition, missense variants could be used in companion diagnostics to determine their influence on drug effectiveness.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Corantes de Rosanilina , Humanos , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Apolipoproteínas/genética , Apolipoproteínas B/genética , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Bilirrubina/metabolismo , Antiportadores de Cloreto-Bicarbonato/genética , Colesterol/genética , LDL-Colesterol/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Fetuína-B/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Hormônios , Lipídeos , Lipoproteínas HDL/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , PPAR alfa/genética , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Receptores X de Retinoides/genética , Triglicerídeos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077048

RESUMO

In view of the water pollution issues caused by pathogenic microorganisms and harmful organic contaminants, nontoxic, environmentally friendly, and efficient antimicrobial agents are urgently required. Herein, a nickel-based Keggin polyoxomolybdate [Ni(L)(HL)]2H[PMo12O40] 4H2O (1, HL = 2-acetylpyrazine thiosemicarbazone) was prepared via a facile hydrothermal method and successfully characterized. Compound 1 exhibited high stability in a wide range of pH values from 4 to 10. 1 demonstrated significant antibacterial activity, with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values in the range of 0.0019-0.2400 µg/mL against four types of bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), Escherichia coli (E. coli), and Agrobacterium tumefaciens (A. tumefaciens). Further time-kill studies indicated that 1 killed almost all (99.9%) of E. coli and S. aureus. Meanwhile, the possible antibacterial mechanism was explored, and the results indicate that the antibacterial properties of 1 originate from the synergistic effect between [Ni(L)(HL)]+ and [PMo12O40]3-. In addition, 1 presented effective adsorption of basic fuchsin (BF) dyes. The kinetic data fitted a pseudo-second-order kinetic model well, and the maximum adsorption efficiency for the BF dyes (29.81 mg/g) was determined by the data fit of the Freundlich isotherm model. The results show that BF adsorption was dominated by both chemical adsorption and multilayer adsorption. This work provides evidence that 1 has potential to effectively remove dyes and pathogenic bacteria from wastewater.


Assuntos
Níquel , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Corantes/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Níquel/química , Corantes de Rosanilina/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus
18.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 168: 113330, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926645

RESUMO

In currently, biosynthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) are most widely used numerous in biological applications such as biosensor, energy, medicine, agriculture, environmental and industrial wastewater treatment. The hierarchical CuO NPs was synthesized via green chemistry method by using of Abutilon indicum (A. indicum) leaf extract, its nontoxic, facile and low-cost approaches. Biogenic synthesized CuO NPs was characterized by using a UV-visible absorption spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Field mission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) with Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis. The synthesized CuO NPs was performed antibacterial activity against human pathogenic organisms of both Gram negative (Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhi) and Gram positive (Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria by using agar well diffusion method. Biological synthesized CuO NPs was showed potential bactericidal activity against Gram positive bacteria of B. subtilis than compared to Gram negative bacteria of E. coli. The cytotoxic effect of A. indicum mediated synthesized CuO NPs was evaluated against to human lung A549 and breast MDA-MB-231cancer cell lines by determined using of MTT assay. In furthermore, photocatalytic dye degradation was performed that synthesized CuO NPs have effectively removed 78% of malachite green dye molecule. Our investigation results suggested that the green synthesized CuO NPs potential biological activity of antibacterial activity against Gram positive bacterial, anticancer activity was effectively against MDA-MB-231cancer cell line and good dye degradation was exhibited in malachite green. The A. indicum aqueous leaf extract mediated synthesized CuO NPs has strongly suggested promising nano-biomaterials for fabrication of biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Malvaceae , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Ágar/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Cobre/química , Cobre/farmacologia , Escherichia coli , Feminino , Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Humanos , Pulmão , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Óxidos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Corantes de Rosanilina , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 219: 353-365, 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926676

RESUMO

Herein, we report the synthesis and characterization of gelatin/κ-carrageenan crosslinked polyacrylic acid hydrogel (GT-CAG-cl-polyAA) and graphene oxide incorporated hydrogel nanocomposite (GOHNC) through a free radical crosslinking pathway. Under optimized reaction conditions, GT-CAG-cl-polyAA displayed 486 % maximum swelling percentage. TEM image depicted wrinkled silk veil wave-type surface morphology of graphene oxide (GO), whereas, the SEM analysis indicated the porous nature of the GT-CAG-cl-polyAA and GOHNC capable of accumulating a large number of water/dye molecules. GT-CAG-cl-polyAA exhibited 96.11 % and 82.16 % dye removal potential for the adsorption of methylene blue (MB) and coomassie brilliant blue (CB), respectively under optimized conditions. GOHNC enhanced the % dye removal efficiency (98.39 % for MB and 94.50 % for CB). The maximum adsorption capacity of GOHNC for the removal of CB and MB was 312.7 mg/g and 94.9 mg/g, respectively. The adsorption of CB and MB exhibited best fitting with Flory-Huggins adsorption isotherms data. The negative values of ΔG° and positive values of ΔS° which were obtained from the adsorption isotherm plot suggested the thermodynamic feasibility of the adsorption. Also, the samples were reusable for up to five consecutive cycles without any degradation and hence suggested a considerable pathway for the separation of textile dyes.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Carragenina , Corantes , Gelatina , Grafite , Hidrogéis , Cinética , Azul de Metileno , Corantes de Rosanilina , Seda , Água
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...