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1.
Hist Sci ; 60(4): 439-457, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427243

RESUMO

A major theme of the European Enlightenment was the rationalization of value, the use of reason to determine the value of things, from diamonds to civilizations. This view of the Enlightenment is well-established in the human sciences. It is ripe for extension to the natural sciences, given the rich recent literature on affect, evaluation, and subjectivity in early modern science. Meanwhile, in art history, the new history of connoisseurship provides a model for the historical study of the evaluation of material things. Historians of natural history have already noted the connections between science, Enlightenment, and connoisseurship. The time has come to extend their insights to other areas of Enlightenment science. This means recognizing the breadth of connoisseurship - the social, linguistic, and disciplinary diversity of the practice - as understood in Europe in the eighteenth century and the latter part of the seventeenth century. An outline of the three papers in this special section gives an indication of how this historiographical project might be carried out.


Assuntos
Historiografia , Ciência , Humanos , Ciência/história , Europa (Continente) , Publicações , Civilização
2.
Afr Health Sci ; 22(Spec Issue): 57-62, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36321122

RESUMO

Dear Editor, African Health Sciences Journal, This year, 2022, Makerere University will be celebrating 100 years of existence. As current lung science/medicine experts, we felt it as important to trace the University's contribution to lung science and medicine. In this letter, we trace and describe some of the early work done by Makerere University/Mulago Hospital affiliated scientists, identify prominent players in lung science over the 100 years, and present the university's scholarly contribution to this field, as available in online databases. We include both Makerere University and Mulago Hospital affiliated scientists, because for many years, staff of these two institutions have worked together in teaching, research and patient care.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Ciência , Universidades , Humanos , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , África , Pneumopatias/terapia , Ciência/educação
7.
Mo Med ; 119(5): 429-431, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337994
14.
Nature ; 610(7931): 232, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36220930
17.
CBE Life Sci Educ ; 21(4): ar79, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36256470

RESUMO

Many studies and interventions have been conducted to combat differential academic outcomes between majority and minoritized student populations in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) higher education; however, few studies have examined resource use as a factor impacting these differences. Resource use is critical to success in myriad fields, and we posit that understanding resource use in graduate education, including the use and perception of resources, may be important in understanding differential outcomes and success among STEM graduate students. We employed a national survey of life science graduate students (N = 534) to describe student resource use outcomes and how these outcomes may be related to student demographic characteristics. The survey collected data on the following resource use outcomes: what resources students use, how often they use them, and how useful they perceive them to be. Academic stipend was the most frequently used resource and was perceived to be the most useful resource. Analysis of variance modeling and Tukey post hoc tests indicated that year in program, racial identity, gender identity, and college generation status all impacted student frequency of use or perception of usefulness for some resources, with the greatest differentials between white and non-white students. We conclude with recommendations for policy, practice, and future research.


Assuntos
Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas , Ciência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes , Ciência/educação , Identidade de Gênero , Demografia
18.
Science ; 378(6617): 246-248, 2022 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36264815

RESUMO

"Competent outsiders" must be able to evaluate the credibility of science-based arguments.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Educação Baseada em Competências , Ciência , Humanos , Ciência/educação , Educação Baseada em Competências/normas
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