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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253613, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345548

RESUMO

Abstract Soybean meal is an inexpensive plant origin protein which has been used in practical diets as a replacement of animal protein such as fish meal or chicken meal, due to the uneconomical price of animal protein diets. Consequently, a research study was conducted on some commercial species of Indian major carps i.e. Catla (Cattla cattla), Rohu (Labeo rohita) and Mrigala (Cirhinus mrigala) (Hamilton, 1822) to estimate optimum dietary protein requirement of soy bean meal in diet in an intensive polyculture. Three different diets (SBM I, SBM II and SBM III) were formulated by 80%, 50% and 20% replacement of fish meal with soybean meal from a 45% fish meal diet (control).Highest monthly mean weight gain was obtained by SBM II (with 35% CP and about 50% substitution of fish meal), while SBM III (45% Crude Protein and about 20% substitution of fish meal) was stood second. All tested diets respond enormously by producing high yield as compare to control diet, though SBM II generated highest yield among all. On the bases of the following research, it was revealed that the SBM can surrogate even50% fish meal without any augmentation of other amino acids in the diet of Indian major carps.


Resumo O farelo de soja é uma proteína de origem vegetal de baixo custo que tem sido usada em dietas práticas como um substituto da proteína animal, como farinha de peixe ou farinha de frango, devido ao preço não econômico das dietas com proteína animal. Consequentemente, um estudo/pesquisa foi realizado com algumas espécies comerciais de carpas principais indianas, ou seja, Catla (Cattla cattla), Rohu (Labeo rohita) e Mrigala (Cirhinus mrigala) (Hamilton, 1822), para estimar a necessidade ideal de proteína dietética de farelo de soja na dieta em uma policultura intensiva. Três dietas diferentes (SBM I, SBM II e SBM III) foram formuladas por 80%, 50% e 20% de substituição de farinha de peixe por farelo de soja de uma dieta de 45% de farinha de peixe (controle). O maior ganho de peso médio mensal foi obtido por SBM II (com 35% PB e cerca de 50% de substituição de farinha de peixe), enquanto SBM III (45% de proteína bruta e cerca de 20% de substituição de farinha de peixe) ficou em segundo lugar. Todas as dietas testadas respondem enormemente produzindo alto rendimento em comparação com a dieta controle, embora SBM II tenha gerado o maior rendimento entre todas. Com base na pesquisa a seguir, foi revelado que o SBM pode substituir até 50% da farinha de peixe sem qualquer aumento de outros aminoácidos na dieta das carpas principais indianas.


Assuntos
Animais , Carpas , Cyprinidae , Soja , Alimentos Marinhos , Dieta/veterinária , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
2.
Food Chem ; 399: 133989, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36041337

RESUMO

To characterize the involvement of microorganisms in amino acid degradation and fish quality deterioration, three major grass carp spoilage bacteria were artificially inoculated in amino acid solutions (in-vitro) and grass carp flesh (in-situ). Results showed that Pseudomonas putida largely degraded free amino acids and produced 3.78 mM/100 g ammonia in grass carp flesh, relying on its high amino acid deamination1 activity. Aeromonas rivipollensis produced 3-Methyl-butanol and 2-Methyl-butanol through leucine and isoleucine degradation. Shewanella putrefaciens had potent ornithine-decarboxylation activity (423.91 × 10-9 µg/CFU) and released 22.98 mg/kg putrescine in situ. S. putrefaciens could produce more putrescine when cooperating with P. putida through the arginine deiminase pathway. To conclude, the biochemical activities identified through in-vitro tests correlated well with quality changes in inoculated grass carp flesh. The outcomes of this study provided fundamental information on the spoilage mechanisms of freshwater fish and important guidance for the development of quality control strategies.


Assuntos
Carpas , Contaminação de Alimentos , Alimentos Marinhos , Shewanella putrefaciens , Aminoácidos , Animais , Butanóis , Proteínas de Peixes , Putrescina , Alimentos Marinhos/microbiologia
3.
Food Chem ; 398: 133876, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35969990

RESUMO

Terasi is a fermented shrimp paste in Indonesia. We examined the effect of the Terasi manufacturing process on the abundance of the allergen tropomyosin (TM) and its IgG/IgE-binding ability. Terasi was produced from three shrimps, Akiami (Acetes japonicus), Okiami (Euphausia pacifica), and Isazaami (Neomysis awatchensis). Protein degradation and TM IgE-binding activity were examined by immunoblotting using anti-TM rabbit IgG and competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using shrimp-allergic patients' sera. The processing caused TM degradation, and the IgG-specific response in Akiami meat disappeared at the second fermentation step but remained in both Okiami and Isazaami Terasi. In contrast, TM IgE-binding in all meats decreased gradually during manufacturing and nearly completely disappeared in Akiami Terasi. Conclusively, Terasi production is an effective manufacturing process to reduce the IgE-binding ability of TM, and Terasi can be recognized as a low allergenic seafood when produced under an appropriate manufacturing condition.


Assuntos
Decápodes , Alimentos Fermentados , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Penaeidae , Alérgenos/metabolismo , Animais , Crustáceos/metabolismo , Decápodes/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Indonésia , Penaeidae/metabolismo , Coelhos , Alimentos Marinhos , Tropomiosina/metabolismo
4.
Food Res Int ; 160: 111717, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076412

RESUMO

In order to characterize the freshness status of raw material of cooked crayfish products, protein and physicochemical changes were investigated in raw and cooked crayfish from fresh-live state to the early postmortem using Label-free quantification proteomics, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) and biogenic amines (BAs) analysis. Results showed that the TVB-N and BAs contents in both raw and cooked crayfish remained low levels and no obvious changes were observed within 24 h of postmortem storage at 4 °C. Altogether, six differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were detected in both C6/C0 and C24/C0 groups by proteomics. Furthermore, five among the six DEPs were verified both in cooked and raw crayfish samples by parallel reaction monitoring. Among the six DEPs, "Unigene990_S_0_Gene.8754" changed most significantly with the increasing of postmortem time and not obviously influenced by heating, indicating that "Unigene990_S_0_Gene.8754" may be highly associated to the freshness status of crayfish.


Assuntos
Astacoidea , Proteômica , Animais , Aminas Biogênicas/análise , Culinária , Nitrogênio/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise
6.
Adv Food Nutr Res ; 102: 275-339, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064295

RESUMO

Plant-derived bioactive compounds have been extensively studied and used within food industry for the last few decades. Those compounds have been used to extend the shelf-life and improve physico-chemical and sensory properties on food products. They have also been used as nutraceuticals due to broad range of potential health-promoting properties. Unlike the synthetic additives, the natural plant-derived compounds are more acceptable and often regarded as safer by the consumers. This chapter summarizes the extraction methods and sources of those plant-derived bioactives as well as recent findings in relation to their health-promoting properties, including cardio-protective, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, immuno-modulatory and neuro-protective properties. In addition, the impact of applying those plant-derived compounds on seafood products is also investigated by reviewing the recent studies on their use as anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, coloring and flavoring agents as well as freshness indicators. Moreover, the current limitations of the use of plant-derived bioactive compounds as well as future prospects are discussed. The discoveries show high potential of those compounds and the possibility to apply on many different seafood. The compounds can be applied as individual while more and more studies are showing synergetic effect when those compounds are used in combination providing new important research possibilities.


Assuntos
Compostos Orgânicos , Plantas , Anti-Inflamatórios , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Indústria Alimentícia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Plantas/química , Alimentos Marinhos
7.
Adv Food Nutr Res ; 102: 47-92, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064296

RESUMO

Fermented foods are of great importance for their role in preserving nutrients and enriching the human diet. Fermentation ensures longer shelf life and microbiological safety of food. Natural bioactive compounds have been paid attention as nutraceuticals or functional ingredients, which have health-promoting components since polysaccharides, especially chitosan, chitin and their derivatives, are biocompatible and biodegradable, biorenewable, without toxic properties and environmentally friendly. They have been applied in several fields such as medicine, agriculture, and food industry. This chapter provides information on polysaccharides obtained from crustacean as bioactive compounds as well as their effects in fermented foods.


Assuntos
Alimentos Fermentados , Fermentação , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Humanos , Polissacarídeos , Alimentos Marinhos
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078530

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria in effluents from seafood processing facilities can contribute to the spread of AMR in the natural environment. In this study conducted in Tema, Ghana, a total of 38 effluent samples from two seafood processing facilities were collected during 2021 and 2022, as part of a pilot surveillance project to ascertain the bacterial load, bacterial species and their resistance to 15 antibiotics belonging to the WHO AWaRe group of antibiotics. The bacterial load in the effluent samples ranged from 13-1800 most probable number (MPN)/100 mL. We identified the following bacterial species: E. coli in 31 (82%) samples, K. pneumoniae in 15 (39%) samples, Proteus spp. in 6 (16%) samples, P. aeruginosa in 2 (5%) samples and A. baumannii in 2 (5%) samples. The highest levels of antibiotic resistance (100%) were recorded for ampicillin and cefuroxime among Enterobacteriaceae. The WHO priority pathogens-E. coli (resistant to cefotaxime, ceftazidime and carbapenem) and K.pneumoniae (resistant to ceftriaxone)-were found in 5 (13%) effluent samples. These findings highlight the need for enhanced surveillance to identify the source of AMR and multi-drug resistant bacteria and an adoption of best practices to eliminate these bacteria in the ecosystem of the seafood processing facilities.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Escherichia coli , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bactérias , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Gana , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Alimentos Marinhos , Organização Mundial da Saúde
10.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15253, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085349

RESUMO

Basket clam soup, a popular Asian dish, is prepared by boiling clams in hot water. The soup is generally cloudy, and it is considered that increased cloudiness enhances taste. However, the composition of the whitening ingredients and their association with taste enhancement remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to identify the components contributing to the white colour of the boiled soup. The white component upon precipitation with trichloroacetic acid reacted positively with ninhydrin, indicating the presence of proteins. The separation of proteins using sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed an intense band of size 33 kDa. Peptide mass fingerprinting of the identified protein using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry revealed the protein as tropomyosin. To validate the involvement of tropomyosin in the turbidity of the soup, tropomyosin was expressed and extracted from Escherichia coli. As expected, the purified protein suspended in water resulted in turbid appearance. To determine whether lipids have any association with the observed cloudiness of the soup, the amounts of fatty acids were measured. The proportion of estimated fatty acids was very low compared to that of proteins. Overall, we identified the major component contributing to soup cloudiness as tropomyosin forming micelles.


Assuntos
Furunculose , Tropomiosina , Animais , Cor , Escherichia coli , Ácidos Graxos , Micelas , Alimentos Marinhos , Frutos do Mar , Água
11.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 168: 113372, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35985365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fish are the primary source of protein and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for pregnant women and children, but methylmercury (MeHg) pollution is the potential hazard of fish consumption. In risk assessments, the bio-accessibility of MeHg is usually assumed to be 100%, which could lead to overestimation of dietary exposure. METHOD: An existing PBTK model was adapted to estimate parameters of the bio-accessibility based on MeHg exposure data from a cohort of 397 Chinese pregnant women. The posterior distributions of parameters were determined by using the ABC - MCMC. RMSEP and Spearman's rank correlation coefficients (Rho) were calculated to determine the goodness of model fitting. The Monte Carlo analysis was performed for the parameter distributions to estimate the model variability. RESULT: The median of daily MeHg intake and maternal MeHg levels were 0.018 µg/kg bw and 3.01 µg/kg in the early and middle terms of pregnancy. The estimated bio-accessibility of freshwater fish, marine fish and others were 46.1, 17.3 and 58.2%, separately. The RMSEP improved from 11.18 to 2.54 and the Rho improved from 0.19 to 0.22 after bio-accessibility optimization. The model variability was estimated to be 2.6. CONCLUSION: The bio-accessibility estimated in this study was comparable to that determined in previous in vitro studies. The optimized model could improve the prediction performance on the MeHg body burden by dietary exposure.


Assuntos
Compostos de Metilmercúrio , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , China , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/análise , Feminino , Peixes , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Humanos , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/análise , Gravidez , Gestantes , Alimentos Marinhos/análise
12.
Nutr Bull ; 47(2): 261-273, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045090

RESUMO

Fish and other seafood species play an important nutritional, economic and social role within current diets worldwide, providing significant amounts of protein and micronutrients for an estimated 3 billion people. Advice to consume fish is a common feature of dietary guidelines globally, including in the UK. However, increased global demand for seafood has led to overfishing and environmental damage linked to aquaculture expansion; issues, which are exacerbated by climate change. This raises the question of whether future demand for seafood can be met sustainably. In this article, we provide professionals working in diet, nutrition and health with an insight into the challenges facing the seafood sector and offer advice on how consumers may include seafood within a healthier and more sustainable diet. While a complex and multi-faceted challenge, fisheries scientists estimate that successful implementation of better management practices (for farmed and wild-capture fisheries) can meet future demand, allow fish stocks to rebuild to sustainable levels, help mitigate environmental effects of aquaculture, and ensure profitable fisheries to support the ~60 million people employed by the seafood sector globally. Those working within the UK food system, including nutrition and health professionals, and businesses, can support the transition towards a more sustainable future for seafood by: encouraging consumption of a wider variety of species by UK consumers; increasing awareness of and knowledge about 'ecolabel' certifications designed to help consumers identify more sustainable choices; and engaging with multi-stakeholder initiatives addressing sustainability challenges facing the seafood sector.


Assuntos
Pesqueiros , Alimentos Marinhos , Animais , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Dieta , Peixes , Humanos , Alimentos Marinhos/análise
13.
Analyst ; 147(18): 4063-4072, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35968919

RESUMO

The main objective of the current study is to establish an on-chip strategy to analyze the allergens existing in the myofibrillar proteins of seafood matrices. On-chip immunomagnetic separation (IMS) of allergens derived from large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea), swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus) and black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon), as model seafoods, was studied. The analysis of the tryptic digests of on-chip captured proteins, combined with protein database searches, was performed for the identification of allergens by MALDI-TOF MS with a 0% false-positive rate. By using the sera of ten seafood-allergic patients, six allergens were identified from the myofibrillar proteins of the large yellow croaker. The present protocol was successfully validated by ELISA and can be applied in blood tests for food allergies with a single drop of blood. The current protocol is presumed to be applied in the identification of potential allergens in other organisms.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar , Alérgenos , Animais , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/diagnóstico , Humanos , Separação Imunomagnética , Alimentos Marinhos , Tropomiosina/metabolismo
14.
Environ Health Perspect ; 130(8): 87007, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35983960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This paper represents, to our knowledge, the first national-level (United States) estimate of the economic impacts of vibriosis cases as exacerbated by climate change. Vibriosis is an illness contracted through food- and waterborne exposures to various Vibrio species (e.g., nonV. cholerae O1 and O139 serotypes) found in estuarine and marine environments, including within aquatic life, such as shellfish and finfish. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to project climate-induced changes in vibriosis and associated economic impacts in the United States related to changes in sea surface temperatures (SSTs). METHODS: For our analysis to identify climate links to vibriosis incidence, we constructed three logistic regression models by Vibrio species, using vibriosis data sourced from the Cholera and Other Vibrio Illness Surveillance system and historical SSTs. We relied on previous estimates of the cost-per-case of vibriosis to estimate future total annual medical costs, lost income from productivity loss, and mortality-related indirect costs throughout the United States. We separately reported results for V. parahaemolyticus, V. vulnificus, V. alginolyticus, and "V. spp.," given the different associated health burden of each. RESULTS: By 2090, increases in SST are estimated to result in a 51% increase in cases annually relative to the baseline era (centered on 1995) under Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 4.5, and a 108% increase under RCP8.5. The cost of these illnesses is projected to reach $5.2 billion annually under RCP4.5, and $7.3 billion annually under RCP8.5, relative to $2.2 billion in the baseline (2018 U.S. dollars), equivalent to 140% and 234% increases respectively. DISCUSSION: Vibriosis incidence is likely to increase in the United States under moderate and unmitigated climate change scenarios through increases in SST, resulting in a substantial burden of morbidity and mortality, and costing billions of dollars. These costs are mostly attributable to deaths, primarily from exposure to V. vulnificus. Evidence suggests that other factors, including sea surface salinity, may contribute to further increases in vibriosis cases in some regions of the United States and should also be investigated. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP9999a.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Vibrioses , Humanos , Incidência , Alimentos Marinhos , Temperatura , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Vibrioses/epidemiologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36011721

RESUMO

The muscles of lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush Walbaum, 1792), crucian carp (Carassius carassius Linnaeus, 1758), flounder (Platichthys flesus Linnaeus, 1758), gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758), mackerel (Scomber scombrus Linnaeus, 1758) and tench (Tinca tinca Linnaeus, 1758) were examined. The total mercury (THg) was processed using the Milestone DMA-80 and the fatty acids were analyzed using the 7890A Agilent Technologies chromatograph. The THg content in analyzed fish ranged from 0.024 (lake trout) to 0.092 mg/kg wet weight (gilthead seabream). The muscles of fish examined had lower amounts of SFAs, and n-3 and n-6 PUFAs than MUFAs. The ratio of n-3/n-6 was higher in muscles of mackerel than other fish (p < 0.05). Due to the fact that both the THQ and HI are below 1, the tested fish are safe for the consumer from a nutritional point of view. Similarly, fatty acid indices indicate the safe consumption of selected fish species, and the daily consumption of the recommended dose of EPA + DHA (250 mg/day) and the concentration of mercury in fish calculations showed a hazard quotient for the benefit-risk ratio HQEFA below 1, suggesting that the intake of EPA + DHA poses no evident risk to human health. The ratio was calculated for a person weighing 60 kg. Therefore, it is important to monitor the fish, not only bought in the store, but also caught in various aquatic environments.


Assuntos
Carpas , Mercúrio , Dourada , Animais , Ácidos Graxos , Peixes , Humanos , Mercúrio/análise , Polônia , Alimentos Marinhos
17.
Food Res Int ; 159: 111630, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940814

RESUMO

The risk of Procambarus clarkii eating safety attracts consumers' big concern, but it has not been addressed properly. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate eating safety and quality of live and dead Procambarus clarkii at different stages by total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N), biogenic amines (BAs), total aerobic plate counts (TPC) and microbiota. The results showed that in live Procambarus clarkii, TVB-N and TPC values were below the limit despite vitality, while cadaverine in gills, intestines, and glands (GIG) exceeded in articulo-mortis Procambarus clarkii. For the dead, it showed that Procambarus clarkii posed a high risk in eating safety within one to two days after death; and BAs of high risk were putrescine and cadaverine. The dominant microorganisms threatening eating safety and quality were potentially pathogenic bacteria of Citrobacter and Acinetobacter from the environment; and spoilage bacteria of Shewanella from viscera.


Assuntos
Astacoidea , Alimentos Marinhos , Animais , Aminas Biogênicas , Cadaverina , Água Doce , Nitrogênio , Alimentos Marinhos/análise
18.
Environ Res ; 214(Pt 4): 114058, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35995233

RESUMO

Many women of childbearing age, and pregnant and nursing women in particular, do not consume enough seafood to derive optimal health benefits for themselves and their children. We sought to identify how seafood consumption advice could be designed to encourage pregnant women to eat recommended amounts of seafood. In three focus groups with pregnant or recently pregnant American women, we examined reactions to three aspects of seafood consumption advice. First, we found focus group participants preferred gain-framed statements emphasizing benefits of taking action vs. loss-framed statements emphasizing costs of failing to take action. Many participants indicated the gain-framed statements would encourage them to eat seafood and increase their consumption. Second, we compared responses to a recommendation to eat seafood and a recommendation to eat lower mercury seafood because fear of mercury is a known barrier to seafood consumption by pregnant women. We found no clear preference in our focus groups for either message, suggesting potential value of both messages in communication. Lastly, we examined preferences for systems of categorizing seafood into different consumption categories where the number of categories and the number of species listed in each category varied. We found shorter, dichotomous lists of species to eat and avoid were preferred by some participants for their clarity and ease of use. Longer, more comprehensive lists with additional species and consumption categories (e.g., eat once a week), however, were preferred by many participants because they provided more options and were more likely to be used as a reference. These findings suggest using a layered approach to communication might be helpful by providing short, dichotomous lists of best seafood to eat and seafood to be avoided followed by a link to a longer, more complete list of recommended seafood to be eaten and seafood that should be avoided.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Alimentos Marinhos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Mercúrio/análise , Gravidez , Gestantes , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Estados Unidos
19.
Epidemiol Infect ; 150: e148, 2022 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35968840

RESUMO

Resistance to carbapenems in human pathogens is a growing clinical and public health concern. The carbapenems are in an antimicrobial class considered last-resort, they are used to treat human infections caused by multidrug-resistant Enterobacterales, and they are classified by the World Health Organization as 'High Priority Critically Important Antimicrobials'. The presence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CREs) of animal-origin is of concern because targeted studies of Canadian retail seafood revealed the presence of carbapenem resistance in a small number of Enterobacterales isolates. To further investigate this issue, a risk profile was developed examining shrimp and salmon, the two most important seafood commodities consumed by Canadians and Escherichia coli, a member of the Enterobacterales order. Carbapenem-resistant E. coli (CREc) isolates have been identified in shrimp and other seafood products. Although carbapenem use in aquaculture has not been reported, several classes of antimicrobials are utilised globally and co-selection of antimicrobial-resistant microorganisms in an aquaculture setting is also of concern. CREs have been identified in retail seafood purchased in Canada and are currently thought to be uncommon. However, data concerning CRE or CREc occurrence and distribution in seafood are limited, and argue for implementation of ongoing or periodic surveillance.


Assuntos
Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos , Escherichia coli , Animais , Canadá/epidemiologia , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Carbapenêmicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Salmão , Alimentos Marinhos , beta-Lactamases
20.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 109(3): 431-435, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916911

RESUMO

The drugs ibuprofen and diclofenac were assessed in vivo on adult females of the estuarine crab Neohelice granulata. In a first, preliminary assay comprising 60-d, a significant (p < 0.05) lower content of total vitellogenic proteins was detected in the ovary at 10 mg/L of each drug. In a second 90-d assay, comprising the exposure of crabs to 5 mg/L of each drug during the entire pre-reproductive period, a significant (p < 0.05) decrease in the proportion of vitellogenic oocytes was observed by effect of diclofenac. The same effect was also observed in a third assay only comprising the last month of the pre-reproductive period, at 5 mg/L of diclofenac, and also at a mixture of both drugs; besides, this mixture significantly (p < 0.05) increased the proportion of reabsorbed vitellogenic oocytes. The obtained results indicate that the effect of diclofenac is critical at the final stage of ovarian maturation, when the participation of prostaglandins is relevant.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Braquiúros/metabolismo , Diclofenaco/metabolismo , Diclofenaco/toxicidade , Feminino , Oócitos , Alimentos Marinhos
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