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1.
Twin Res Hum Genet ; 24(4): 244-250, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429182

RESUMO

Every reared-apart monozygotic (MZ) twin pair offers a fresh perspective on human developmental questions. This is true regardless of whether the co-twins were raised in the same country or across the globe. The members of two pairs of separated MZ female twins have recently come to attention. In one case the twins were raised by different families in Argentina; in the other case the twins were raised by different families in Sweden and Vietnam. The perceptions and perspectives of these twins are insightful. The twin research section that follows begins with a tribute to our late esteemed colleague, Dr Isaac Blickstein (1953-2020). Research concerning the infanticide and sacrifice of Archaic-aged twins and triplets and prehistoric twin burials is reviewed next. Highlights from a conference focused on the 2018 film Three Identical Strangers are also included in this portion. The final section of this article includes media reports of an atypical twin father, an actor's twin brother, a twin link to the 1921 Tulsa, Oklahoma massacre, the birth of superfetated twins, twin comedians and script writers and Indian twins' tragic loss to COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Irmãos , Idoso , Sepultamento , Pai , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Infanticídio , Masculino , Oklahoma , SARS-CoV-2 , Gêmeos Dizigóticos , Gêmeos Monozigóticos/genética
2.
Mar Environ Res ; 170: 105406, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293607

RESUMO

Local disturbances drive the decrease of the area covered by Posidonia oceanica in the Mediterranean. Mechanical impacts during the development of coastal infrastructures alter sea floor and the recolonization of benthic community will depend on the recovery of pre-disturbance environmental conditions and on the intrinsic characteristics of the local community that was disturbed. We transplanted 468 rhizome fragments and 450 seedlings of P. oceanica in a meadow disturbed by the trenching and deployment of a power line to evaluate the suitability of the disturbed sea floor for rehabilitating P. oceanica meadows. We quantify and compare the survivorship and vegetative development of the transplanted/planted (i.e. fragments/seedlings) material in the two types of the unconsolidated substrata left after infrastructure deployment works finished: sand and burlap bags filled with coarse gravel. The latter was used as a corrective measure for topographic restoration. Three experimental plots with sixteen transplanted fragments or twenty-five seedlings were placed at each substratum type at three different depths (i.e. 15, 20 and 25 m). Our results show that the transplanting of P. oceanica rhizome fragments in the disturbed substrata had low survival rates (0-31%) after 40-48 months. The survivorship of seedlings was lower than that of fragments. Our results highlight the importance of substratum for P. oceanica recovery after mechanical impact; disturbed, non-consolidated substrata will preclude P. oceanica rehabilitation through planting. Preservation of meadow substratum (i.e. dead matte) is a critical element that coastal infrastructure projects should consider to enable future recovery of P. oceanica meadows.


Assuntos
Alismatales , Sepultamento , Ecossistema , Mar Mediterrâneo
4.
Am J Phys Anthropol ; 176(2): 237-248, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We study the genetic diversity between Classic Teotihuacan and its neighboring towns trying to understand how far or close they are at the genetic level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We use cranial nonmetric traits to study a sample of 280 adult skulls from archaeological sites running from the late Preclassic to the early Postclassic. Samples of Classic Teotihuacan were studied for La Ventilla and San Sebastián Xolalpan neighbors. For the Epiclassic period, samples from Xaltocan, Toluca valley, Mogotes and Xico were used. For the Preclassic and Postclassic samples from Xico were also used. We used a parametric bootstrap for the mean measure of divergence for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Samples from Xico have small biodistance from Preclassic to Postclassic. Samples from Los Mogotes differ depending on the functional context of deposition, with individuals from household burials (funerary) differing from non-funerary, ceremonial interments and exhibiting affinities to Epiclassic samples from Toluca valley. Epiclassic populations from Xaltocan vary significantly from any samples analyzed. Samples from Classic period Teotihuacan vary considerably among them but form a separate genetic group from all the other populations under study. CONCLUSIONS: The great biodistance separation among Classic Teotihuacan and its neighbor villages of central Mexico let us conclude that, contrary from the classical idea that those villages were confirmed by the inhabitants of Teotihuacan's collapse: They indeed remain as separate populations by themselves.


Assuntos
Índios Norte-Americanos , Crânio/anatomia & histologia , Antropologia Física , Evolução Biológica , Sepultamento , História Antiga , Migração Humana , Humanos , Índios Norte-Americanos/classificação , Índios Norte-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , México
5.
Forensic Sci Int ; 325: 110882, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182205

RESUMO

Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is an established geophysical technique used extensively for the accurate reconstruction of the shallow (<10 m) subsurface. Reconstructions have largely been completed and presented as 2D vertical and horizontal planes, leaving limited visualization of subsurface 3D shapes and their spatial relationships. With technological advancements, particularly the availability and integration of various software platforms, 3D modelling of GPR data is now emerging as the new standard. However, despite these developments, there remains an inadequate examination and testing of these techniques, particularly in determining if their application is beneficial and warranted. In this study we conducted a GPR grid survey on a churchyard cemetery to generate and evaluate 2D and 3D-modelled reconstructions of the cemetery burial sites. Data collection and processing was completed using a Sensors and Software Incorporated pulseEKKO™ Pro SmartCart GPR system and EKKO_Project™ software, respectively. The modelling component was achieved using Schlumberger's Petrel™ E & P software platform, which is tailored to the petroleum industry. The subsurface patterns present in the 2D and 3D models closely matched the cemetery plot plan, validating our data collection, processing, and modelling methods. Both models were adequate for 2D horizontal visualization of reflection patterns at any specific depth. The 3D model was used to identify the presence of a companion burial plot (stacked caskets) and possible leachate plumes below and encircling burial sites, both of which were not evident in the 2D model, highlighting the benefits of 3D modelling when discerning subsurface objects. We expect our findings to be of value to similar GPR studies, with particular significance to geoforensic studies and criminal investigations.


Assuntos
Sepultamento , Simulação por Computador , Ciências Forenses/métodos , Radar , Cemitérios , Rituais Fúnebres/história , Fenômenos Geológicos , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Software
6.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 43(2): e267-e268, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102747

RESUMO

In a recent correspondence published in this journal, the author calls for spiritual interventions for the living and the dead that be considered by the medical community especially in the time of COVID-19. This paper further elaborates on the need to consider the death and burial practices of bereaved families of patients who died of COVID-19 with strict observance of health protocols. Death and burial practices are significant moments in finding meaning for bereaved families in accepting the demise of their loved ones during this pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Sepultamento , Humanos , Saúde Pública , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Nature ; 593(7857): 39-40, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953405
9.
Nature ; 593(7857): 95-100, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953416

RESUMO

The origin and evolution of hominin mortuary practices are topics of intense interest and debate1-3. Human burials dated to the Middle Stone Age (MSA) are exceedingly rare in Africa and unknown in East Africa1-6. Here we describe the partial skeleton of a roughly 2.5- to 3.0-year-old child dating to 78.3 ± 4.1 thousand years ago, which was recovered in the MSA layers of Panga ya Saidi (PYS), a cave site in the tropical upland coast of Kenya7,8. Recent excavations have revealed a pit feature containing a child in a flexed position. Geochemical, granulometric and micromorphological analyses of the burial pit content and encasing archaeological layers indicate that the pit was deliberately excavated. Taphonomical evidence, such as the strict articulation or good anatomical association of the skeletal elements and histological evidence of putrefaction, support the in-place decomposition of the fresh body. The presence of little or no displacement of the unstable joints during decomposition points to an interment in a filled space (grave earth), making the PYS finding the oldest known human burial in Africa. The morphological assessment of the partial skeleton is consistent with its assignment to Homo sapiens, although the preservation of some primitive features in the dentition supports increasing evidence for non-gradual assembly of modern traits during the emergence of our species. The PYS burial sheds light on how MSA populations interacted with the dead.


Assuntos
Sepultamento/história , Fósseis , Esqueleto/anatomia & histologia , Animais , Osso e Ossos/anatomia & histologia , Pré-Escolar , Evolução Cultural/história , Dentição , História Antiga , Hominidae/anatomia & histologia , Hominidae/classificação , Humanos , Quênia
10.
J Forensic Sci ; 66(4): 1348-1363, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951184

RESUMO

This paper presents a quantitative retrospective study of gross human decomposition in central and southeastern Sweden. The applicability of methods developed abroad for postmortem interval (PMI) estimation from decomposition morphology and temperature are is evaluated. Ninety-four cases were analyzed (43 terrestrial and 51 aquatic) with a median PMI of 48 days. The results revealed differences in decomposition patterns between aquatic, surface, hanging, and buried remains. While partial saponification and desiccation occurred in cases of surface remains, complete skeletonization was observed in all cases with a PMI over two years. Aquatic skeletonization was slower due to extensive saponification in cases with PMI higher than one year. Formulae for assessing accumulated degree-days (ADD) from the original methods did not fit the study material. However, a regression analysis demonstrated that 80% of decomposition variance in surface remains could be explained by ADD, suggesting that a geographically adapted equation holds promise for assessing PMI. In contrast, the model fit was poor for aquatic cases (43%). While this may be explained by problems in obtaining reliant aquatic temperature data or an insufficient scoring system, aquatic decomposition may be highly dependent on factors other than ADD alone. This study evaluates the applicability of current PMI methods on an outdoor sample from a previously unpublished region, and represents the first scientific publication of human outdoor decomposition patterns in Sweden. Suggestions for future research are provided, including that scoring methods should incorporate saponification to fit forensic taphonomy in Swedish environments.


Assuntos
Sepultamento , Exposição Ambiental , Imersão , Mudanças Depois da Morte , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Patologia Legal , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suécia , Temperatura , Adulto Jovem
11.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 69(6): 1600-1604, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011750

RESUMO

The procedure involved an ab-externo scleral fixation technique using a double-armed 10-0 polypropylene suture with straight needles that require no scleral flaps. The IOLs are sutured to the sclera, the free suture ends are tied to the suture loops, and they are buried together under the sclera. Forty eyes of 37 patients were included. Postoperative complications are IOL capture in five eyes (12.5%), a significant IOL tilt in one eye (2.5%), recurrent UGH (uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema) syndrome in two eyes (5%), glaucoma in three eyes (7.5%), suture exposure in two eyes (5%) and IOL drop due to haptic breakage in one eye (2.5%). The technique can be effectively used for the refixation of dislocated hydrophobic acrylic IOLs by temporary haptic externalization through a corneal incision and for the treatment of aphakia with or without penetrating keratoplasty. Surgeons should be aware of the possibility of UGH syndrome due to IOL capture, especially in young eyes.


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares , Esclera , Sepultamento , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esclera/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Suturas , Acuidade Visual
12.
Med Law Rev ; 29(2): 252-283, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975345

RESUMO

The retention and display of the remains of Charles Byrne, an Irishman with acromegaly, by the Hunterian Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons has been contentious for some years, and the moral case for his release for burial has been repeatedly made. This article makes the legal case through five arguments. The first three concern common law rights and duties; Byrne's right to burial, the duty of the State to ensure his burial where others do not, and the right of his friends to assume that duty. The fourth concerns Byrne's common law right to direct his disposal, and, related to this, not to be retained and displayed. The fifth, which underpins the rest, is that Byrne is not, and has never been property, and it is in fact intuitively and legally arguable that he, like other corpses, remains a person. The article finally outlines three options available to those wishing to ensure Byrne finally has the burial at sea that he sought to ensure in 1783.


Assuntos
Sepultamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Jurisprudência/história , Restos Mortais , Cadáver , Decepção , Inglaterra , Pessoas Famosas , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Princípios Morais , Museus , Respeito
13.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0248086, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951047

RESUMO

Mass graves are usually key historical markers with strong incentive for archeological investigations. The identification of individuals buried in mass graves has long benefitted from traditional historical, archaeological, anthropological and paleopathological techniques. The addition of novel methods including genetic, genomic and isotopic geochemistry have renewed interest in solving unidentified mass graves. In this study, we demonstrate that the combined use of these techniques allows the identification of the individuals found in two Breton historical mass graves, where one method alone would not have revealed the importance of this discovery. The skeletons likely belong to soldiers from the two enemy armies who fought during a major event of Breton history: the siege of Rennes in 1491, which ended by the wedding of the Duchess of Brittany with the King of France and signaled the end of the independence of the region. Our study highlights the value of interdisciplinary approaches with a particular emphasis on increasingly accurate isotopic markers. The development of the sulfur isoscape and testing of the triple isotope geographic assignment are detailed in a companion paper [13].


Assuntos
Antropologia , Sepultamento , Datação Radiométrica , Paleopatologia
14.
J Forensic Odontostomatol ; 1(39): 9-15, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34057153

RESUMO

Dental radiographs, endodontic treatment and materials are a source of useful forensic data. The response of dental materials to death-related events are widely studied and provide forensic evidence for experts. This study aimed to analyze the radiographic images of endodontically treated teeth submitted to burial and drowning simulation, verifying its forensic feasibility, applicability and usefulness. MATERIAL AND METHOD: n=20 bovine incisor teeth were endodontically treated then divided into two groups: burial and drowning scenarios. Teeth were radiographed two times (before and after scenario) with an aluminium stepwedge, and optical density (OD) was assessed in each root third, in both radiographs, and then compared (ANOVA and Tukey test) for each scenario. RESULTS: Burial scenario did not significantly alter radiopacity. As for the drowning scenario, there was no difference in radiopacity between the root thirds before the test. After drowning, the apical third demonstrated lower OD (p<.05) than the other two thirds. Comparing the OD before and after drowning, medium third presented lower and cervical third demonstrated higher means (p<.05) after drowning. CONCLUSION: We concluded that drowning conditions could alter the radiopacity of endodontically treated teeth, more specifically in the medium and cervical thirds. There is no evidence that this also occurs in burial situations. This has the potential to be useful in forensic casework as an initial sign of the type of ambient in which the body was supposedly exposed or set.


Assuntos
Afogamento , Dente não Vital , Animais , Sepultamento , Bovinos , Afogamento/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Incisivo
15.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(2)2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671794

RESUMO

Recent advantages in paleomicrobiology have provided an opportunity to investigate the composition of ancient microbial ecologies. Here, using metagenome analysis, we investigated the microbial profiles of historic dental calculus retrieved from archaeological human remains from postmedieval Latvia dated 16-17th century AD and examined the associations of oral taxa and microbial diversity with specific characteristics. We evaluated the preservation of human oral microbiome patterns in historic samples and compared the microbial composition of historic dental calculus, modern human dental plaque, modern human dental calculus samples and burial soil microbiota. Overall, the results showed that the majority of microbial DNA in historic dental calculus originated from the oral microbiome with little impact of the burial environment. Good preservation of ancient DNA in historical dental calculus samples has provided reliable insight into the composition of the oral microbiome of postmedieval Latvian individuals. The relative stability of the classifiable oral microbiome composition was observed. Significant differences between the microbiome profiles of dental calculus and dental plaque samples were identified, suggesting microbial adaptation to a specific human body environment.


Assuntos
DNA Bacteriano/genética , Cálculos Dentários/microbiologia , Placa Dentária/microbiologia , Microbiota/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Arqueologia , Restos Mortais , Sepultamento , Criança , DNA Antigo/análise , Cálculos Dentários/genética , Placa Dentária/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Letônia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Metagenoma/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Microbiologia do Solo , Adulto Jovem
16.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 52: 102488, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667880

RESUMO

Previous studies have demonstrated that microbial community succession during the decomposition of cadavers could be used to estimate the postmortem interval (PMI). However, the vast majority of the existing studies focused on exposed cadavers. In fact, burial cadavers are common scenarios for forensic investigations. In this study, the microbial communities from gravesoil, rectum and skin of burial SD rat cadavers during decomposition were characterized using 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing. We predicted PMI based on the microbial community succession. Obvious differences in microbial community structures were observed between different stages of decomposition. Later decay stages had a lower alpha diversity compared to earlier decay stages. Significant linear relationships between similarities of the microbial communities and postmortem intervals were observed, manifesting regular succession over the course of decomposition. Furthermore, we combined random forest models with postmortem microbial features to predict PMI. The model explained 86.83%, 84.55% and 81.67% of the variation in the microbial community, with a mean absolute error of 1.82, 2.06 and 2.13 days within 60 days of decomposition for gravesoil, rectum and skin of burial cadavers, respectively. Overall, our results suggested that postmortem microbial community data could serve as a potential forensic tool to estimate accurate PMI of burial cadavers.


Assuntos
Sepultamento , Microbiota , Mudanças Depois da Morte , Reto/microbiologia , Pele/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Animais , Cadáver , Genética Forense/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Modelos Animais , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Análise de Sequência de DNA
17.
Am J Phys Anthropol ; 176(1): 21-35, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Stable isotope analysis can provide crucial insight into the function and development of early state-level societies on the north coast of Peru. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multi-tissue (bone collagen, tooth enamel, hair, nail, skin, and tendon) stable isotope analyses (carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and strontium) were conducted for 13 individuals from the lower Virú Valley. RESULTS: Non-seasonal changes in a predominantly C4 -based terrestrial diet, with minimal inputs of marine foods were identified. One individual (Burial 5), however, had a stable isotope signature unlike any previously found on the north coast of Peru, indicating both a large contribution of C3 -terrestrial resources to their diet and an 87 Sr/86 Sr value suggestive of highland residence during childhood. DISCUSSION: This research provides the first strong stable isotope evidence of a highland individual within a coastal burial in northern Peru, new insight into the ritual killing event at Huaca Santa Clara during the late middle horizon and supporting evidence of the importance of C4 terrestrial resources to the developing Virú polity during the early intermediate period.


Assuntos
Migração Humana/história , Isótopos/análise , Zea mays , Adolescente , Adulto , Antropologia Física , Arqueologia , Osso e Ossos/química , Sepultamento/história , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Colágeno/química , Esmalte Dentário/química , História Antiga , Humanos , Lactente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peru/etnologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Forensic Sci ; 66(4): 1506-1519, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576508

RESUMO

A woman reporting the homicide and burial of an infant in 2004 prompted the creation of an experimental simulated neonate grave shortly before the real search commenced. The real case, documented here, did not use aerial imagery, but used ground-penetrating radar (calibrated to the test site described here) to identify two locations that were probed for gas release and the deployment of victim recovery dogs. We suggest technological advances in remotely sensed aerial imagery that have developed since 2004 will demonstrate their use in focusing such searches by informing a Geoforensic Search Strategy (GSS) and suggesting locations accessible by a perpetrator to identify a burial location using the still-existent analogue site. To test this, in the spring of 2020 a DJI Mavic Pro drone was flown over the control site containing the simulated 2004 burial. Aerial image processing included the creation of orthomosaics, Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Visual Atmospheric Resistance Index (VARI), and photogrammetry. Conventional ground-based geophysical surveys using ground-penetrating radar, guided by this new type of information integrated into the GSS, confirmed that anomalies seen in drone data were the 16-year-old burial. We test this strategy using both the original simulated burial in Northern Ireland and further evaluate it in two recent simulated graves in the United States in more complex scenarios, but with successful results.


Assuntos
Aeronaves , Sepultamento , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Radar , Ciências Forenses/métodos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Recém-Nascido , Fotografação
19.
Am J Phys Anthropol ; 175(1): 187-200, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Late Pleistocene and early Holocene in eastern Africa are associated with complex evolutionary and demographic processes that contributed to the population variability observed in the region today. However, there are relatively few human skeletal remains from this time period. Here we describe six individuals from the Kisese II rockshelter in Tanzania that were excavated in 1956, present a radiocarbon date for one of the individuals, and compare craniodental morphological diversity among eastern African populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study used standard biometric analyses to assess the age, sex, and stature of the Kisese II individuals. Eastern African craniodental morphological variation was assessed using measures of dental size and a subset of Howells' cranial measurements for the Kisese II individuals as well as early Holocene, early pastoralist, Pastoral Neolithic, and modern African individuals. RESULTS: Our results suggest a minimum of six individuals from the Kisese II collections with two adults and four juveniles. While the dating for most of the burials is uncertain, one individual is directly radiocarbon dated to ~7.1 ka indicating that at least one burial is early Holocene in age. Craniodental metric comparisons indicate that the Kisese II individuals extend the amount of human morphological diversity among Holocene eastern Africans. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings contribute to a growing body of evidence that Late Pleistocene and early Holocene eastern Africans exhibited relatively high amounts of morphological diversity. However, the Kisese II individuals suggest morphological similarity at localized sites potentially supporting increased regionalization during the early Holocene.


Assuntos
Sepultamento/história , Adolescente , Adulto , Antropologia Física , Osso e Ossos/anatomia & histologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , História Antiga , Humanos , Masculino , Tanzânia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Forensic Sci Int ; 320: 110706, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549992

RESUMO

In the context of exhumations of individuals who died during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), since the year 2000, over 780 mass graves have been excavated using archaeological methodology and following forensic protocols. Most of the recovered more than 9600 bodies have tended to be from the Republican civil population, the majority having been executed extrajudicially. However, a number of exhumations relate to the remains of soldiers who died in combat. In fact, approximately 100 individual or mass graves have been investigated and exhumed, containing the remains of combatants. These burials tend to be in the same location where they fell, usually in the front line, or close to the field hospitals where they went after being wounded initially. During the recovery of the human remains, a number of artefacts related to the uniform as well as personal effects have been found. An interdisciplinary approach from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, history and other disciplines has enabled the identification of some of these combatants. The aim of this paper is to present the data obtained from these combatants and highlight the work undertaken in Spain, and the efforts by scientists to exhume, identify and return the remains to relatives where possible.


Assuntos
Exumação , Antropologia Forense/métodos , Militares , Arqueologia , Sepultamento , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Militares/história , Espanha , Guerra
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