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1.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 49, 2023 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Responding to adolescents' educational needs in sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) is central to their sexual health and achieved through school-based comprehensive sexuality education (CSE). In 2016, Rwanda introduced CSE through the competence-based curriculum in schools to enhance learners' knowledge about sexuality, gender, and reproductive health issues, including HIV/AIDS. However, globally, the content of CSE is sometimes dissimilar, and little evidence surrounds its scope in many settings, including Rwanda. In addition, the extent to which CSE aligns with international guidelines has yet to be well known. This study assesses major areas of CSE for early adolescents in Rwanda, analyses how CSE correlates with international guidelines and makes recommendations accordingly. METHODS: We reviewed the Rwandan competence-based curriculum to map CSE competences for early adolescents and conducted semi-structured interviews with key informants (N = 16). Eleven of the 23 curriculum documents met the selection criteria and were included in the final review. We manually extracted data using a standard form in Microsoft Excel and analysed data using frequency tables and charts. Interviews were thematically analysed in NVivo 11 for Windows. FINDINGS: We found 58 CSE competences for early adolescents across various subjects, increasing with school grades. All recommended CSE areas were addressed but to a variable extent. Most competences fall under four recommended areas: sexual and reproductive health; human body and development; values, rights, and sexuality; and understanding gender. The least represented area is violence and staying safe. Of the 27 expected topics, there are two to six CSE competences for 13 topics, one CSE competence for each of the six others, and none for the eight remaining ones. Qualitative findings support these findings and suggest additional content on locally controversial but recommended areas of sexual pleasure, orientation, desire and modern contraceptive methods. CONCLUSION: This study explores the CSE content for early adolescents in Rwanda and how they align with sexuality education standards. Ensuring equal coverage of CSE areas and addressing missing topics may improve CSE content for this age group and foster their SRHR.


Assuntos
Educação Sexual , Comportamento Sexual , Adolescente , Humanos , Educação Sexual/métodos , Ruanda , Anticoncepção , Sexualidade
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36650009

RESUMO

Given the increase in pornography use among adolescents over the years, we discuss the impact of its use on sexual health development as well as the role of primary care providers (PCPs) in assessing use and providing sexual health education. While pornography use is often viewed negatively, it is important to develop unbiased understanding of the use in order to provide non-judgemental, adolescent-focused and educational care. As PCPs are often the first point of contact when adolescents experience medical and behavioural health concerns, it is essential for them to be equipped to screen for pornography use effectively, create a confidential and comfortable environment to talk about pornography use and sexuality, and be informed of ways to promote open discussion between youth and parents. In addition to PCP involvement, parental collaboration, knowledge and comfortability with discussing pornography use with their child are powerful tools in understanding and navigating pornography use in this population. This special communication seeks to provide an objective view of adolescents' pornography use, guidelines for screening of pornography use and ways to facilitate conversations about the use between adolescents and caregivers.


Assuntos
Literatura Erótica , Comportamento Sexual , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Sexualidade , Educação Sexual , Atenção Primária à Saúde
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673720

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to describe the changes in sexual desire in pregnant women during the gestation period. We also sought to analyze their sexual habits, how they perceive their partners' attitudes, and determine if they know the importance of sex education during pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was conducted using an existing 32-item questionnaire among pregnant women attending the Fetal Welfare Clinic of a reference hospital. Univariate and bivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: One hundred seventeen women participated. 50.4% stated that their sexual interest decreased. Aspects like the number of coitus, feeling orgasm with penetration or with masturbation, or the frequency of oral sex, were significantly reduced during pregnancy. 90.6% of the women stated that they would like to receive more sex education during pregnancy. There were no differences according to their education level, their partners' education level, or whether they believed that sexual intercourse could harm the baby. CONCLUSIONS: Several advances have been achieved in the healthcare that physicians and midwives provide pregnant women. However, the quality of women's sex lives still declines during pregnancy. Healthcare providers should assume a proactive role, essential in helping future parents to enjoy their sexuality and dispel myths about sexuality, regardless of their education level.


Assuntos
Comportamento Sexual , Sexualidade , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Transversais , Coito , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674341

RESUMO

Although sexuality, reproductive health, and starting a family are human rights that should be guaranteed for all citizens, they are still taboo issues for people with intellectual disability (ID), and even more so for women with ID. This paper systematically reviews the current qualitative and quantitative evidence on the rights of people with ID in regard to Articles 23 (right to home and family) and 25 (health, specifically sexual and reproductive health) of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). A systematic review of the current literature, following PRISMA 2020, was carried out in ERIC, PsychInfo, Scopus, PubMed, ProQuest, and Web of Science. In all, 151 articles were included for review. The studies were categorized into six themes: attitudes, intimate relationships, sexual and reproductive health, sexuality and sex education, pregnancy, and parenthood. There are still many barriers that prevent people with ID from fully exercising their right to sexuality, reproductive health, and parenthood, most notably communicative and attitudinal barriers. These findings underline the need to continue advancing the rights of people with ID, relying on Schalock and Verdurgo's eight-dimensional quality of life model as the ideal conceptual framework for translating such abstract concepts into practice and policy.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Deficiência Intelectual , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Qualidade de Vida , Saúde Reprodutiva , Comportamento Sexual , Sexualidade , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674965

RESUMO

Asexual lineages are perceived to be short-lived on evolutionary timescales. Hence, reports for exceptional cases of putative 'ancient asexuals' usually raise questions about the persistence of such species. So far, there have been few studies to solve the mystery in plants. The monotypic Kingdonia dating to the early Eocene, contains only K. uniflora that has no known definitive evidence for sexual reproduction nor records for having congeneric sexual species, raising the possibility that the species has persisted under strict asexuality for a long period of time. Here, we analyze whole genome polymorphism and divergence in K. uniflora. Our results show that K. uniflora is characterized by high allelic heterozygosity and elevated πN/πS ratio, in line with theoretical expectations under asexual evolution. Allele frequency spectrum analysis reveals the origin of asexuality in K. uniflora occurred prior to lineage differentiation of the species. Although divergence within K. uniflora individuals exceeds that between populations, the topologies of the two haplotype trees, however, fail to match each other, indicating long-term asexuality is unlikely to account for the high allele divergence and K. uniflora may have a recent hybrid origin. Phi-test shows a statistical probability of recombination for the conflicting phylogenetic signals revealed by the split network, suggesting K. uniflora engages in undetected sexual reproduction. Detection of elevated genetic differentiation and premature stop codons (in some populations) in genes regulating seed development indicates mutational degradation of sexuality-specific genes in K. uniflora. This study unfolds the origin and persistence mechanism of a plant lineage that has been known to reproduce asexually and presents the genomic consequences of lack of sexuality.


Assuntos
Ranunculales , Reprodução Assexuada , Humanos , Filogenia , Reprodução Assexuada/genética , Metagenômica , Sexualidade , Genômica , Alelos , Sementes
6.
Dementia (London) ; 22(2): 390-404, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36594356

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To obtain a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of sexuality within the couple relationship when one of the partners has received a diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease. This study aimed to listen to the voices of both partners, and to investigate how their intimate relationship has been impacted by an Alzheimer's diagnosis. METHODS: This study adopted a qualitative phenomenological approach, and the method used was Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The data was collected based on interviews with six couples, where one of the spouses had a mild to moderate Alzheimer's diagnosis. The interviews were recorded and transcribed, and a detailed analysis of each interview was performed. FINDINGS: From the detailed analysis of the transcribed interviews, six main themes emerged: Sexual expression today; Alzheimer's and sexuality; desire to be a sexual being; different sexualities; sense of couplehood; and uncertain future. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study provide a deeper insight into experiences of sexuality for couples living with Alzheimer's. Sexuality and intimacy of couples living with Alzheimer's continues to be an important aspect of the relationship, and in general, the partners wish to have the opportunity to express their sexuality. The construction of a sense of couplehood during the marriage tends to be a significant factor to sustain the changes that arise in the intimate relationship because of the diagnosis. However, despite the growing recognition of the existence and importance of sexuality in later life, persons with Alzheimer's have only recently starting to be recognized as sexual beings who wish to be heard.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Demência , Humanos , Demência/diagnóstico , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais , Sexualidade
7.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 173, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite global data around increased health risks among sexual and gender diverse populations, lived experiences of young lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning, and others (LGBTQ+) people are often ignored in mainstream health research. This is particularly evident in countries such as Bangladesh where the rights of sexual minorities are not recognised. This article looks at queer lived experiences of sexuality and sexual health within such a context. We use the phenomenological framework of heteronormative 'straightening devices' - mechanisms working to direct people towards heterosexuality, gender conformity, and procreative marriage - to identify 'invisible' structures upholding normative sexual behaviours and see how young people in Bangladesh navigate these in their everyday lives. METHODS: This article is based on qualitative data collected in Dhaka, Bangladesh over nine months in 2019 as part of the first author's doctoral research. Using thematic analysis, we draw on experiences of normative sexual expectations from biographical in-depth interviews with 14 purposively sampled LGBTQ + individuals aged 18 to 24. RESULTS: Respondents identified heteronormative expectations around gender norms of traditional behaviour and presentation for men and women as well as parental expectations of compulsory heterosexuality through marriage. These straightening devices existed at multiple levels, including individual, interpersonal, community, and societal. The four main themes around straightening devices include marriage norms for women; harassment of feminine-presenting bodies in public spaces; heteronormative healthcare; and consequences of not embodying heteronormativity. CONCLUSION: Our study highlighted young people's everyday experiences of having to 'bend' to - and against - heteronormative straightening devices at home, in public spaces, and within institutions such as healthcare in Bangladesh. The exploration of queer experiences provides new insights into context-specific ways in which sexual and gender diverse people understand themselves. Further research using the framework of straightening devices can help public health professionals to identify more 'barriers' confronted by sexual and gender diverse young people.


Assuntos
Saúde Sexual , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Bangladesh , Sexualidade , Comportamento Sexual , Heterossexualidade
8.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 28: e53035, 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1406373

RESUMO

RESUMO Talvez, o homem seja o único dos entes a ter e a estabelecer relações com certos 'objetos' que ultrapassam a sua realidade material transcendendo-a para designar outra realidade para além da física. Dentre eles, poderíamos caracterizar como sendo 'Objetos Transcendentes' (e. g. Deus, por excelência, assim como o Demônio e outras entidades deste universo, quer passíveis de aceitação, aversão ou rejeição) aqueles que constituem a base para o desenvolvimento de sentimentos e de ideias religiosas e podem, também, ser entendidos (na sua origem, sentido e função) sob perspectiva da psicanálise. Nesse sentido, delimitando nossa proposta de análise, este artigo se propõe a analisar estes objetos a partir do ponto de vista de Sigmund Freud almejando e, com isto, analisar sua origem nos processos de sublimação da sexualidade e nos processos projetivos e identificatórios que caracterizam o desenvolvimento emocional do ser humano. Tal compreensão pode auxiliar na compreensão e intervenção clínica com aqueles que se relacionam com esses objetos ocupam um lugar central em seus modos de ser e estar no mundo, bem como com área da psicologia da religião em suas investigações.


RESUMEN Quizás, el Hombre es la única de las entidades que tiene y establece relaciones con ciertos 'objetos' que van más allá de su realidad material, trascendiéndola para designar otra realidad además de la física. Entre ellos, podríamos caracterizar como 'Objetos Trascendentes' (ej. Dios, por excelencia, así como el Demonio y otras entidades de este universo, ya sean sujetos a aceptación, aversión o rechazo) a aquellos que constituyen la base para el desarrollo de los sentimientos y ideas religiosas y también pueden ser entendidas (en su origen, significado y función) por el psicoanálisis. En este sentido, delimitando nuestra propuesta de análisis, este artículo propone analizar estos objetos desde el punto de vista de Sigmund Freud apuntando y, con ello, analizar su origen en los procesos de sublimación de la sexualidad y en los procesos proyectivos e identificativos que caracterizan el desarrollo emocional de los seres humanos. Tal comprensión puede ayudar en la comprensión e intervención clínica con quienes se relacionan con estos objetos que ocupan un lugar central en sus formas de ser y estar en el mundo, así como con el área de Psicología de la Religión en sus investigaciones.


ABSTRACT Perhaps, man is the unique entity to have and establish relationships with certain 'objects' that go beyond their material reality, transcending it to designate another reality beyond the physical. Among them, we could characterize as 'Transcendent Objects' (e.g. God, par excellence, such as the Devil and other entities belonging to this universe, whether subject to acceptance, aversion or rejection) those responsible for constituting the basis for developing feelings and religious ideas, and they can also be understood (in their origin, sense and function) from the perspective of psychoanalysis. Therefore, delimiting our proposal of analysis, this article aimed to analyze such objects from the point of view of Sigmund Freud, thus, analyzing their origin in the processes of sublimation of sexuality and in the projective and identification processes that characterize the emotional development of the human being. Such understanding can assist in clinical intervention of cases where there is a personal relationship or a centrality of these objects in personal experiences, as well as with the area of psychology of religion in its investigations.


Assuntos
Religião , Conhecimento , Teoria Freudiana , Psicanálise , Sexualidade/psicologia , Cultura , Mecanismos de Defesa , Compreensão , Relações Pai-Filho , Moral
10.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 27: e20220228, 2023. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1404753

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo analisar a associação entre as vivências em sexualidade com as variáveis biossociodemográficas e a qualidade de vida de pessoas idosas. Métodos estudo transversal, desenvolvido com 1.922 pessoas idosas brasileiras, cujos dados foram coletados por meio de web survey. Utilizaram-se três instrumentos para a obtenção dos dados biossociodemográficos, da sexualidade e da qualidade de vida. A análise foi realizada com os testes de Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, correlação de Spearman e regressão linear multivariada, com método de entrada "inserir", adotando Intervalo de Confiança de 95%. Resultados a avaliação geral da sexualidade esteve associada fortemente com estado civil (p<0,001); religião (p=0,001); não ter filhos (p<0,001); orientação sexual (p=0,008) e recebimento de orientações sobre sexualidade pelos profissionais de saúde (p=0,002). A sexualidade correlacionou-se de forma positiva e com diferentes magnitudes com todas as facetas de qualidade de vida (p<0,001). A análise de regressão demonstrou que todas as dimensões da sexualidade permaneceram associadas, positivamente, com qualidade de vida: ato sexual [β=0,154; IC95%=0,083-0,225; p<0,001]; relações afetivas [β=0,335; IC95%=0,263-0,407; p<0,001] e adversidades física e social [β=1,388; IC95%=1,206-1,571; p<0,001]. Conclusão e implicações para a prática: a sexualidade associou-se, significativamente, com algumas variáveis biossociodemográficas e esteve correlacionada, positivamente, com a qualidade de vida das pessoas idosas investigadas.


Resumen Objetivo analizar la asociación entre experiencias en sexualidad con las variables biosociodemográficas y la calidad de vida de los adultos mayores. Métodos estudio transversal desarrollado con 1.922 ancianos brasileños, cuyos datos fueron recolectados a través de una encuesta web. Se usaron tres instrumentos para obtener datos biosociodemográficos, de sexualidad y de la calidad de vida. El análisis se realizó mediante las pruebas de Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, correlación de Spearman y regresión lineal multivariada, con método de entrada "ingresar", adoptando un Intervalo de Confianza del 95%. Resultados la evaluación general de la sexualidad se asoció fuertemente con el estado civil (p <0,001); religión (p = 0,001); no tener hijos (p <0,001); orientación sexual (p = 0,008) y recibir orientación sobre sexualidad por parte de profesionales de la salud (p = 0,002). La sexualidad se correlacionó positivamente y con diferentes magnitudes con todas las facetas de la calidad de vida (p <0,001). El análisis de regresión mostró que todas las dimensiones de la sexualidad permanecieron asociadas positivamente con la calidad de vida: relaciones sexuales [β = 0,154; IC95% = 0,083-0,225; p <0,001]; relaciones afectivas [β = 0,335; IC95% = 0,263-0,407; p <0,001] y adversidades físicas y sociales [β = 1,388; IC95% = 1,206-1,571; p <0,001]. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica la sexualidad se asoció significativamente con algunas variables biosociodemográficas y se correlacionó positivamente con la calidad de vida de los ancianos investigados.


Abstract Objective to analyze the association between experiences of sexuality with bio-socio-demographic variables and quality of life of elderly people. Methods cross-sectional study, developed with 1,922 Brazilian elderly people, whose data were collected through a web survey. Three instruments were used to obtain bio-socio-demographic data, sexuality and quality of life. The analysis was carried out with the Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, Spearman correlation and multivariate linear regression tests, with the "insert" input method, adopting a 95% confidence interval. Results the overall assessment of sexuality was strongly associated with marital status (p<0.001); religion (p=0.001); not having children (p<0.001); sexual orientation (p=0.008) and receiving guidance on sexuality from health professionals (p=0.002). Sexuality correlated positively and with different magnitudes with all facets of quality of life (p<0.001). Regression analysis demonstrated that all dimensions of sexuality remained positively associated with quality of life: sexual act [β=0.154; 95%CI=0.083-0.225; p<0.001]; affective relationships [β=0.335; 95%CI=0.263-0.407; p<0.001] and physical and social adversity [β=1.388; 95%CI=1.206-1.571; p<0.001]. Conclusion and implications for practice sexuality was significantly associated with some bio-socio-demographic variables and positively correlated with the quality of life of the elderly people investigated.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Qualidade de Vida , Saúde do Idoso , Sexualidade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Perfil de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Coito
11.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(2): 781-795, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599467

RESUMO

One important long-term outcome of childhood maltreatment is thought to be impairments in intimate relationships. However, the specific nature of these impairments is not well understood. To address this gap, we examined the long-term relation of sexual, emotional, and physical abuse/neglect to four key aspects of sexuality in women and men: importance of sex, intimacy in sex, pain during sex, and pleasure during sex. As part of the U.S. longitudinal National Survey of Midlife Development, 807 participants in their mid-life (410 women, 397 men) completed measures of recollected childhood maltreatment and current aspects of adult sexuality. These measures were obtained at baseline (at which time the mean age was 53.28 years (SD = 10.97) and again 10 years later. For women at baseline, emotional abuse was positively associated with pleasure, emotional neglect was negatively associated with intimacy and with pleasure, physical abuse was positively associated with pain, and physical neglect was associated with importance of sex. For men, no significant associations were found. Prospectively, for women, sexual abuse predicted increases in pleasure during sex, and physical abuse significantly predicted increases in pain during sex. For men, physical neglect significantly predicted increases in pain. We discuss these sex differences and the role these results may play in the detrimental long-term effects of childhood maltreatment.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis , Adulto , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comportamento Sexual , Parceiros Sexuais , Sexualidade
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(47): e31449, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451379

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Most women with breast cancer have sexual function problems related to cancer diagnosis and treatment. These problems harm the quality of life and relationships. However, most patients do not receive care or guidance regarding sexuality from healthcare providers. This study aimed to test the effect of telenursing counseling on sexual functioning in women undergoing breast cancer treatment. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at 2 reference hospitals for cancer treatment. One hundred eight women with stage I-IV breast cancer undergoing treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or hormone therapy) with a partner will be included in this study. The study was authorized by the Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Ceará (Opinion number: 46,13,609) and the Maternity School Assis Chateaubriand (Opinion number: 47,42,687). Patients will be allocated to the following groups: the control group, which will not receive an active intervention, and the intervention group, which will receive 3 telenursing counseling sessions for 6 weeks. The levels of sexual function in these patients before the intervention, soon after the intervention and at 12 weeks were compared and analyzed. All data will be collected and analyzed by the JASP program. RESULTS: Differences in levels of sexual function among women allocated to the control and intervention groups in the analyzed periods. CONCLUSION: This evidence-based nursing care strategy can be used to improve the sexual function of breast cancer patients and consequently their quality of life and marital relationship.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Radioterapia (Especialidade) , Telenfermagem , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Sexualidade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(12)2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36556922

RESUMO

It is becoming increasingly common that patients' preferences move towards non-surgical approaches, such as pulsed magnetic stimulation, for female stress urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of a device that uses electromagnetic technology to treat urinary incontinence, with an emphasis on health-related quality of life. METHODS: A total of 47 female subjects from 18 to 80 years old were enrolled. After block randomization, treatment consisted of 2 pulsed planar magnetic stimulation sessions per week for 4 weeks (8 sessions). Validated questionnaires: Female Sexual Function Index, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire for Urinary Incontinence: Short Form, and Pelvic Floor Bothersome. Follow-ups were performed at weeks 1, 9, and 14. RESULTS: The present study is one of the first clinical trials published evaluating the efficacy and safety of the electromagnetism-based device with flat configuration in patients with stress urinary incontinence, showing a reduction in PFBQ, ICQSF, and Oxford test scores during follow-up, and significantly at week 14 of follow-up, which implied a favorable impact on clinical outcomes, quality of life, and sexuality. CONCLUSIONS: The improved results in the treatment group compared with the simulated group show that pulsed magnetic stimulation is a safe and attractive non-invasive alternative for patients who prefer non-surgical treatments.


Assuntos
Incontinência Urinária por Estresse , Incontinência Urinária , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Sexualidade , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Diagn. tratamento ; 27(4): 136-42, out-dez. 2022. Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP) ­ Financiamento 2013/ 13934-1, tab, tab, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399038

RESUMO

Contexto: A função sexual feminina é influenciada por múltiplos fatores, e as comorbidades são um desses motivos. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre incontinência urinária (IU) e baixa função sexual feminina (BFS) em mulheres de meia-idade em um estudo de base populacional. Metodos: Estudo de corte transversal no município de Campinas, São Paulo, com 472 mulheres sexualmente ativas, no período de setembro de 2012 a junho de 2013. O Short Personal Experiences Questionnaire (SPEQ) foi utilizado para avaliar a BFS. Fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos foram avaliados. Utilizou-se Qui-quadrado, Fischer e Mann-Whitney e modelos de regressão múltipla de Poisson para análise estatística. Resultados: Na amostra geral a BFS foi associada à baixa renda razão de prevalência (RP) 1,55, 95% intervalo de confiança, (IC) 1,01­2,38, menor atividade física (RP 2,35, 95% IC 1,34­4,14), secura vaginal na relação sexual (RP 1,94 95% IC 1,25­3,0) e problemas de sono (RP 1,68, 95% IC 1,09­2,6). No grupo com incontinência urinária, os fatores associados à BFS foram problemas de sono (RP 2,63 IC 95% 1,30­5,34 P = 0,007) e baixa atividade física (RP 3,16 IC 95% 1,11­9,05 P = 0,032). Discussão: A BFS tem origem multifatorial e a IU não sobressaiu como fator associado. Conclusoes: A IU não se associou à BFS. Em mulheres incontinentes, a BFS se associou a problemas de sono e sedentarismo. Em mulheres com IU e BFS deve-se abordar adequadamente insônia e sedentarismo.


Assuntos
Incontinência Urinária , Mulheres , Exercício Físico , Sexualidade , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono
15.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-18, 20221213.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369133

RESUMO

Introdução: a literatura já aponta que a família, muitas vezes, é o principal obstáculo que impede as pessoas idosas vivenciarem sua sexualidade. Porém, até onde sabemos, não existem estudos que identifiquem os efeitos da sexualidade na funcionalidade familiar. Objetivo: analisar os efeitos da sexualidade sobre a funcionalidade familiar e sobre a qualidade de vida de pessoas idosas. Materiais e métodos: estudo seccional realizado com 692 pessoas idosas entre os meses de julho e outubro de 2020 por meio da utilização de instrumentos autoaplicáveis. Os dados foram analisados com o teste de Kruskal-Wallis, correlação de Pearson e modelagem de equações estruturais. Resultados: as pessoas idosas com algum grau de disfuncionalidade familiar apresentaram pior vivência na sexualidade e pior qualidade de vida. O domínio relações afetivas da sexualidade foi o único a exercer efeito de forma positiva, de moderada a forte magnitude com a funcionalidade familiar (CP=0,472 [IC95%=0,301-0,642] p<0,001). A qualidade de vida, por sua vez, sofreu efeito positivo, de fraca a moderada magnitude, de todos os domínios da sexualidade: ato sexual (CP=0,339 [IC95%=0,190-0,488] p<0,001); relações afetivas (CP=0,117 [IC95%= -0,041-0,275] p<0,001) e adversidades física e social (CP=0,150 [IC95%=0,074-0,226] p<0,001). Conclusão: a sexualidade entre as pessoas idosas pode ser explorada com maior frequência nos serviços de saúde, uma vez que, exerceu efeitos positivos na funcionalidade familiar e na qualidade de vida dessa população. Espera-se que com os resultados deste estudo, haja valorização da temática nos serviços assistenciais e que a sexualidade na velhice seja explorada com as pessoas idosas, especialmente na atenção primária à saúde.


Introduction: the literature already points out that the family is often the main obstacle that prevents elderly people from experiencing their sexuality. However, there are no studies that identify the effects of sexuality on family functioning. Objective: analyzing the effects of sexuality on family functionality and on the quality of life of the elderly. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional study conducted with 692 elderly people between the months of July and October 2020 by self-administered instruments. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test, Pearson correlation and structural equation modeling. Results: the elderly with some degree of family dysfunction had a worse experience in sexuality and a worse quality of life. The affective relationships domain of sexuality was the only one to exert a positive effect, from moderate to strong magnitude on family functionality (PC=0.472 [CI95%=0.301-0.642] p<0.001). Quality of life, in turn, had a positive effect, from weak to moderate magnitude, in all domains of sexuality: sexual act (PC=0.339 [CI95%=0.190-0.488] p<0.001); affective relationships (PC=0.117 [CI95%= -0.041-0.275] p<0.001) and physical and social adversities (PC=0.150 [CI95%=0.074-0.226] p<0.001). Conclusion: sexuality among the elderly can be explored more frequently in health services, as it exerted positive effects on family functionality and quality of life in this population. It is expected that with the results of this study, there is an appreciation of the theme in care services and that sexuality in old age is explored with the elderly, especially in primary health care


Introducción: la literatura ya señala que la familia es muchas veces el principal obstáculo que impide que las personas mayores experimenten su sexualidad. Sin embargo, hasta donde sabemos, no existen estudios que identifiquen los efectos de la sexualidad en el funcionamiento familiar. Objetivo: analizar los efectos de la sexualidad sobre la funcionalidad familiar y la calidad de vida de las personas mayores. Materiales y métodos: un estudio transversal realizado con 692 adultos mayores entre los meses de julio y octubre de 2020 utilizando instrumentos autoadministrados. Los datos se analizaron mediante la prueba de Kruskal-Wallis, la correlación de Pearson y el modelado de ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados: los ancianos con algún grado de disfunción familiar tuvieron peor experiencia en sexualidad y peor calidad de vida. El dominio de las relaciones afectivas de la sexualidad fue el único que ejerció un efecto positivo, de moderada a fuerte magnitud acerca de la funcionalidad familiar (CP = 0,472 [IC95% = 0,301-0,642] p <0,001). La calidad de vida, a su vez, tuvo un efecto positivo, de débil a moderada magnitud, en todos los dominios de la sexualidad: acto sexual (CP = 0,339 [IC95% = 0,190-0,488] p <0,001); relaciones afectivas (CP = 0,117 [IC95% = -0,041-0,275] p <0,001) y adversidades físicas y sociales (CP = 0,150 [IC95% = 0,074-0,226] p <0,001). Conclusión: la sexualidad entre los adultos mayores puede ser explorada con mayor frecuencia en los servicios de salud, ya que ejerció efectos positivos acerca de la funcionalidad familiar y la calidad de vida en esta población. Se espera que, con los resultados de este estudio, se aprecie la temática en los servicios de atención y que se explore la sexualidad en la vejez con los ancianos, especialmente en la atención primaria de salud.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Saúde Pública , Saúde do Idoso , Assistência Integral à Saúde , Sexualidade , Relações Familiares
16.
Support Care Cancer ; 31(1): 26, 2022 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36513784

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Even though the number of hematological cancer survivors suffering from long-term and late consequences of their disease is growing, knowledge about their situation regarding partnership, sexuality, and fertility-related communication is sparse to date. METHODS: We recruited survivors of hematological malignancies (≥ 3 years after diagnosis) from two cancer registries in Germany. We applied validated instruments and study-specific items on satisfaction with partnership, sexual functioning, and fertility-related communication with physicians. We provided descriptive statistics and conducted multiple regression analyses to identify associations of the outcomes with patient factors and well-being (anxiety, depression, and quality of life). RESULTS: Of 2001 eligible survivors, 922 (46%) participated. Fifty-seven percent were male, and the mean age was 64 years. Ninety percent and 60% reported to be satisfied with their partnership and sexual life, respectively. However, 81% and 86% reported being sexually impaired by physical or mental symptoms, respectively. Seventy-four percent of those with incomplete family planning had a fertility-related conversation with a physician. Female gender (p < .05, Beta = - .09), older age (p < .01, Beta = .10), and chemotherapy (p < .01, Beta = .10) were associated with less sexual pleasure caused by physical impairment. Satisfaction with partnership (p < .001, Beta = .22), satisfaction with sexual life (p < .001, Beta = .28), and conversation about fertility (p < .05, Beta = .26) were associated with better quality of life. CONCLUSION: Even though long-term survivors seem to be generally satisfied with their partnership and sexual life, they may suffer from specific impairments. Our findings need to be verified in longitudinal studies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Qualidade de Vida , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sexualidade , Sobreviventes , Fertilidade , Comunicação , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia
17.
Am J Psychoanal ; 82(4): 512-547, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36509993

RESUMO

Inspired by the work of Fonagy (2008) and Dent and Christian (2019), this study applies a form of quantitative textual analysis to 300 terms of psychoanalytic interest in the PEP archives by tracking their historical prevalence in five-year increments using the aggregate number of articles featuring each term in the field's journals. Our results confirm some of the more well-known inflection points in the history and application of psychoanalytic theory, while also revealing some intriguing surprises. Psychoanalysis remains fundamentally a depth psychology, yet it has increasingly acknowledged the external causes of distress and trauma. Changes in the prevalence of terminology around psychopathology, defense mechanisms, development, gender and sexuality, and psychoanalytic technique are discussed.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Terapia Psicanalítica , Humanos , Teoria Psicanalítica , Sexualidade
18.
Support Care Cancer ; 31(1): 84, 2022 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36574074

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Therapeutic interventions lead to impaired sexual health in women undergoing breast cancer treatment. There are some problem such as vaginal dryness, decreased libido, decreased sexual satisfaction, and decreased frequency of sexual intercourse among breast cancer survivors. This study was conducted to discover the sexual experiences of women undergoing breast cancer treatment. METHODS: A total of 39 semi-structured interviews were held with the women undergoing breast cancer treatment, husbands, and health care providers. Recorded interviews were transcribed and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Three categories of cultural and gender taboos, adherence to subjective norms, and hidden values in sexuality were revealed. The cultural and gender taboos category consisted of subcategories of learned sexual shame, fear of judgment, sexual schemas, and gender stereotypes. The adherence to subjective norms category consisted of subcategories of sexual socialization, being labeled as a disabled woman and the priority of being alive to sexuality. The hidden values in sexuality category consist of subcategories of Task-based sexuality, Tamkin, and Sexuality prevents infidelity. CONCLUSIONS: Socio-cultural beliefs affect the sexual health of women undergoing breast cancer treatment, so paying attention to this issue can improve the quality of sexual health services.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Saúde Sexual , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Irã (Geográfico) , Comportamento Sexual , Sexualidade
19.
Bragança; s.n; 20220000. tab..
Tese em Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1411505

RESUMO

A presente investigação aborda a temática Saúde Mental em Utentes Institucionalizados: Conhecimentos dos Colaboradores sobre Sexualidade, descrevendo de forma sucinta a evolução histórica do conceito de sexualidade, contextualizando-a até à atualidade. Ilustra-se o estado da arte sobre a saúde mental em Portugal. Relaciona-se o conceito da sexualidade com a saúde mental, evidenciando a contribuição de autores contemporâneos. Salienta-se ainda o papel do Enfermeiro no contexto da sexualidade na saúde mental, enquanto agente de intervenção multidisciplinar. Objetivos: Metodologia: De metodologia quantitativa, definiu-se o presente estudo como observacional- descritivo-correlacional e transversal. Resultados: A amostra apresenta maior frequência de respostas na faixa etária dos 30-40 anos, do sexo feminino, naturais de Bragança com residência em Bragança na tipologia Urbana, casados, com Nível Secundário, com a profissão de Auxiliar a exercer funções na ASCUDT em Bragança, há menos de 5 anos na Saúde Mental. A amostra considera a Educação Sexual importante e embora já tenha tido formação nesta área considera-a insuficiente, não é implementada no local de trabalho e não é discutida pela maioria dos utentes, embora alguns do sexo masculino questionem os colaboradores sobre sexualidade, necessidades formativas foram identificadas especialmente nos conteúdos Abuso sexual, Contraceção, Infeções transmitidas sexualmente e Comportamentos sexuais de risco. A amostra apresenta um score médio entre a expressão mais liberal e a expressão mais conservadora relativamente à sexualidade e saúde mental. Os resultados indicam uma amostra ciente da necessidade de melhorar a sua formação contínua quer nos aspetos gerais sobre a sexualidade quer nos aspetos que se relacionam diretamente com a sexualidade na deficiência intelectual. As hipóteses validadas indicam que existem diferenças estatísticas significativas entre a perspetiva dos colaboradores acerca da Sexualidade na Saúde Mental, em utentes institucionalizados nas diferentes Instituições de Saúde Mental do Distrito de Bragança e a Instituição onde exerce funções, segundo a questão Há quanto tempo exerce funções na área da Saúde Mental? com a questão Já teve formação em educação sexual? e a Importância da Educação Sexual na Saúde Mental e a Importância da Educação Sexual na Saúde Mental. Conclusões: Concluiu-se que a amostra reconhece a necessidade de mais formação no âmbito da sexualidade e saúde mental, apresentando-se, na mesma medida, com uma perspetiva liberal sobre a sexualidade e a saúde mental, mas identificando as lacunas sentidas no dia-a-dia da prática profissional. Salienta-se que a amostra exerce funções no distrito de Bragança em instituições públicas e privadas mas apresenta resultados que indicam uma necessidade global de formação contínua e adequada à temática particularmente no que diz respeito ao diálogo e comunicação com os utentes sobre os seus direitos em vivenciar e experienciar a sua sexualidade.


This research addresses the issue of Mental Health in Institutionalized Users: Employees' Knowledge about Sexuality, briefly describing the historical evolution of the concept of sexuality, contextualizing it to the present day. The state of the art on mental health in Portugal is illustrated. The concept of sexuality is related to mental health, highlighting the contribution of contemporary authors. The role of the Nurse in the context of sexuality in mental health is also highlighted, as an agent of multidisciplinary intervention. Objectives: To recognize the employees' perspective on Sexuality in Mental Health in institutionalized users, in the different Mental Health Institutions in the District of Bragança. To identify the differences between the sociodemographic variables and the employees' perspective on Sexuality in Mental Health, in institutionalized users in the different Mental Health Institutions in the District of Bragança. Methodology: The present study was defined as observational-descriptive, cross-sectional and correlational, using a quantitative methodology. Results: The sample presents an age group with a higher frequency of answers in the age group of 30-40 years old, female, born in Bragança, residing in Bragança in the Urban typology, married, with Secondary Level, with the profession of Assistant to exercise functions at ASCUDT in Bragança, less than 5 years in Mental Health. The sample considers Sexual Education important and although it has already had training in this area, it is considered insufficient, it is not implemented in the workplace and is not discussed by most users, although some males question the employees about sexuality, training needs were identified especially in the contents Sexual Abuse, Contraception, Sexually Transmitted Infections and Risky Sexual Behaviors. The sample has an average score between the most liberal expression and the most conservative expression regarding sexuality and mental health. The results indicate a sample aware of the need to improve their continuing education, both in general aspects of sexuality and in aspects that are directly related to sexuality in intellectual disabilities. The validated hypotheses indicate that there are significant statistical differences between the employees' perspective on Sexuality in Mental Health, in institutionalized users in the different Mental Health Institutions of the District of Bragança and the Institution where they work, according to the question "How long have you been working in the area of Mental Health?, with the question Have you had training in Sexual Education? and the Importance of Sex Education in Mental Health. Conclusions: It was concluded that the sample recognizes the need for more training in the field of sexuality and mental health, presenting itself, to the same extent, with a liberal perspective on sexuality and mental health but identifying the gaps felt in everyday life. -day of professional practice. It should be noted that the sample performs functions in the district of Bragança in public and private institutions, but presents results that indicate a global need for continuous and adequate training on the subject, particularly with regard to dialogue and communication with users about their rights to experience and experience their sexuality.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Saúde Mental , Sexualidade , Enfermagem
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurses dealing with a patient's sexuality must start from an awareness of their own experience, specific attitudes, and possible limits. What emerges from the literature is a conservative tendency in nurses, which underlines the difficulty in this awareness, but even a difficulty in improving the necessary knowledge/skills. It is, therefore, essential to create tools that can raise awareness of these limits. OBJECTIVE: the present study aims to explore the psychometric properties of the Attitudes and Beliefs about Sexuality Scale, adapted and validated for the Italian context. METHOD: This is an instrumental, cross-sectional piece of research, whose SABS validation process applies the steps of Beaton and Valmi. The convenience sample collected data from 223 participants in the first approach. This was followed by a retest involving 44 students randomly selected from those who responded in the first phase. Ethical principles were respected. RESULTS: The SABS questionnaire demonstrated good test-retest reliability, good internal consistency, and adequate construct validity. CONCLUSIONS: The Italian version of the SABS is valid and reliable for use with nursing students. This is the fourth language in which the SABS is available for research.


Assuntos
Idioma , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Transversais , Psicometria , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sexualidade , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
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