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1.
Rev. colomb. nefrol. (En línea) ; 7(1): 36-43, ene.-jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1144372

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: la investigación sobre rasgos de personalidad en pacientes con trasplante renal es limitada. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir el perfil de personalidad de pacientes con trasplante renal, utilizando el modelo alternativo de cinco factores (AFFM), y compararlo con población estándar española. Material y métodos: la personalidad fue evaluada mediante el Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ). Una muestra de 207 pacientes con trasplante renal se emparejó por edad y género con 207controles de la población estándar. El análisis de regresión logística permitió estudiar la aportación de cada dimensión del ZKPQ al perfil distintivo de los pacientes trasplantados. Resultados: aparecieron diferencias significativas en las dimensiones de Neuroticismo-Ansiedad (p=.001), Agresión-Hostilidad (p=.009) y Actividad (p=.001), con puntuaciones bajas en pacientes trasplantados en comparación con la población estándar. La sociabilidad (p=.024) fue significativamente mayor en pacientes trasplantados. En el análisis de regresión, las bajas puntuaciones en Neuroticismo-Ansiedad (p=.005) y Actividad (p=.001) fueron predictores significativos para caracterizar los rasgos de personalidad de pacientes trasplantados. Conclusiones: desde el AFFM, los pacientes con trasplante renal muestran un perfil diferente de personalidad comparado con la población estándar, con bajas puntuaciones en las dimensiones de Neuroticismo-Ansiedad y Actividad.


Abstract Background: There is limited research on personality traits that characterized kidney transplant patients. The aim of this study was to describe personality profile of kidney transplant patients using the Alternative Five Factor Model (AFFM), and compared it with the Spanish standard population. Method: Personality was assessed using the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ). A sample of 207 kidney transplant patients was matched by age and gender with 207 standard range controls. A logistic regression analyses was utilized to study the contribution of each ZKPQ dimension to describe the distinctive transplant patient's profile. Results: Significant differences were showed in Neuroticism-Anxiety (p=.001), Aggression-Hostility (p=.009), and Activity (p=.001) dimensions, with lower scores on transplant patients compared with standard population. But Sociability (p=.024) was significantly higher on kidney transplant patients. In logistic regression analysis low scores on Neuroticism-Anxiety (p=.005) and Activity (p=.001) were the significant predictors to characterize personality traits of kidney transplant patients. Conclusions: Kidney transplant patients had a differential profile under the AFFM compared to standard range sample, with lower scores on Neuroticism-Anxiety and Activity dimensions.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Personalidade , Pacientes , Espanha , Transplante de Rim , População Padrão , Ciências Biocomportamentais
2.
Arch. med ; 18(1): 69-85, 20 jun. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-963621

RESUMO

Objetivo: frente al creciente problemática de salud pública que representan las lesiones causadas por el tránsito, es necesario generar soluciones que aumenten la seguridad en el sistema de transporte vial. Para esto, es imperante investigar a fondo los factores asociados a la ocurrencia de siniestros viales. Materiales y métodos: este estudio analizó diversos siniestros ocurridos en dos ciudades de Colombia, utilizando la metodología DREAM 3.0 (Driving Reliability and Error Analysis Method), que busca categorizar todas las causas asociadas a un incidente vial asignándoles diferentes niveles de relevancia para la ocurrencia del mismo. La metodología utiliza la observación en escena como fuente de información y clasifica los factores en tres grupos: humanos, tecnológicos y organizacionales. Resultados: en Ibagué, se encontraron accidentes hasta con 20 causas desencadenantes involucradas, el valor más recurrente fue de 9 causas (19%), seguidos por siniestros con 12 causas involucradas (18%). Se obtuvo un solo caso con una sola causa asociada. Para el caso de Valledupar, de manera similar se encontraron eventos hasta con 18 causas desencadenantes involucradas, fue más común encontrar siniestros con 12 causas involucradas (21%) y con 11 causas involucradas (14%). Los incidentes con menores causas asociadas fueron con 8 y 9 causas (3% cada una). En ambas ciudades se ratifica el precepto de la multicausalidad de los siniestros de tránsito. Conclusiones: se encontró que para las ciudades los factores humanos son los que más contribuyen con la ocurrencia de siniestros viales, agravados por claras deficiencias en infraestructura y algunos problemas organizacionales..(AU)


Objective: faced with the growing public health problem that represent the Road Traffic Injuries, it is necessary to start generating solutions that increase road safety transport system. For this, it is essential to investigate deeply the factors associated with the occurrence of road crashes. Materials and methods: this study analyzed several road incidents in two cities in Colombia using the DREAM 3.0 method (Driving Reliability and Error Analysis Method). This method seeks to categorize all causes associated with a road incident, assigning different levels of relevance to the factor in the occurrence of the event. The method uses on site observation as the main source of information, and classifies the factors into three main groups: human, technological and organizational. Results: in Ibague, there were found accidents with up to 20 genotypes (contributing factors) involved; the most recurring number of factors for a crash was 9 (19%), followed by events with 12 factors involved (18%). There was found only one accident with just one related genotype. Similarly, in Valledupar, the study found events with up to 18 genotypes involved, and it was more frequent to find events with 12 factors involved (21%), followed by those with 11 (14%). The incidents with the least number of genotypes related had 8 and 9 (3% each one). For both cities, the study allowed the ratification of the precept that road traffic incidents are multi-causal. Conclusions: it was found that for these cities, the human factors are the major contributors to the occurrence for incidents of traffic, aggravated by clear deficiencies in infrastructure and some organizational problems..(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , População Padrão
3.
Psychol. neurosci. (Impr.) ; 5(2): 157-164, July-Dec. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: psi-57021

RESUMO

The present study established norms for the spelling and arithmetic subtests of the School Achievement Test (Teste do Desempenho Escolar [TDE]) in two Brazilian cities located in the state of Minas Gerais and compared the results with those obtained from the original normative sample. A stratified proportional sample of 1,034 students from Belo Horizonte and Mariana, from the 1st to 6th grades, was selected. The participants were assessed by the spelling and arithmetic subtests of the TDE. Significant differences were found between the results from Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul, with moderate to high effect sizes. Significant differences were found in percentiles and classification parameters. The educational performance of the children from Minas Gerais was generally classified as less than expected (i.e., inferior) when the original norms were used as a classification parameter. Considering the high variability of educational data in different Brazilian regions, using norms for educational assessment based on only one Brazilian region is inappropriate.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Avaliação Educacional , População Padrão
4.
Psychol. neurosci. (Impr.) ; 5(2): 157-164, July-Dec. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-671541

RESUMO

The present study established norms for the spelling and arithmetic subtests of the School Achievement Test (Teste do Desempenho Escolar [TDE]) in two Brazilian cities located in the state of Minas Gerais and compared the results with those obtained from the original normative sample. A stratified proportional sample of 1,034 students from Belo Horizonte and Mariana, from the 1st to 6th grades, was selected. The participants were assessed by the spelling and arithmetic subtests of the TDE. Significant differences were found between the results from Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul, with moderate to high effect sizes. Significant differences were found in percentiles and classification parameters. The educational performance of the children from Minas Gerais was generally classified as less than expected (i.e., inferior) when the original norms were used as a classification parameter. Considering the high variability of educational data in different Brazilian regions, using norms for educational assessment based on only one Brazilian region is inappropriate.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Avaliação Educacional , Testes Neuropsicológicos , População Padrão
5.
Rev. bras. ecocardiogr. imagem cardiovasc ; 24(1): 24-29, jan.-mar. 2011. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-571181

RESUMO

Objetivos: A gordura epicárdica é um depósito de gordura visceral, marcador de risco cardiovascular. O valor normal de seu diâmetro ainda precisa ser definido e, portanto, objetivamos avalia-lo em uma população normal. Método: Foram avaliados 60 indivíduos assintomáticos, não doentes, que apresentavam ecocardiograma e Doppler de carótidas normais. A espessura da gordura epicárdica foi medida ao ecocardiograma bidimensional à frente da parede livre do ventrículo direito, perpendicularmente, ao ânulo aórtico, no corte paraesternal, eixo longo, ao final da sístole. Resultados: Os indivíduos (30 homens - 50%) tinham idade média de 34 +- 11 anos. A espessura média da gordura epicárdica foi de 2,8 +- 1,2mm, sem diferença significativa entre homens e mulheres. No grupo de indivíduos com idade < - 30 anos, a espessura da gordura epicárdica foi de 2,3 +- 0,8mm (n=28), nos indivíduos com idade entre 31 e 44. Esse valor foi de 3,0 +- 1,1mm (n=19), e, naqueles com idade >- 45 anos, o valor foi de 3,5 +-1,6mm (n=13), com diferença significativa (p=0,006) entre os grupos pelo teste de ANOVA. Houve correlação positiva significativa...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Ecocardiografia , Gordura Abdominal/anormalidades , Pericárdio , Gordura Subcutânea , Fatores de Risco , População Padrão
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