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3.
Molecules ; 27(22)2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36432037

RESUMO

To promote the application of almond expellers, sweet almond expeller globulin (amandin) was extracted for the preparation of bioactive peptides. After dual enzymatic hydrolysis, Sephadex G-15 gel isolation, reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography purification and ESI-MS/MS analysis, two novel peptides Val-Asp-Leu-Val-Ala-Glu-Val-Pro-Arg-Gly-Leu (1164.45 Da) and Leu-Asp-Arg-Leu-Glu (644.77 Da) were identified in sweet almond expeller amandin hydrolysates. Leu-Asp-Arg-Leu-Glu (LDRLE) of excellent zinc-chelating capacity (24.73 mg/g) was selected for preparation of peptide-zinc chelate. Structural analysis revealed that zinc ions were mainly bonded to amino group and carboxyl group of LDRLE. Potential toxicity and some physicochemical properties of LDRLE and Val-Asp-Leu-Val-Ala-Glu-Val-Pro-Arg-Gly-Leu (VDLVAEVPRGL) were predicted in silico. The results demonstrated that both LDRLE and VDLVAEVPRGL were not toxic. Additionally, zinc solubility of LDRLE-zinc chelate was much higher than that of zinc sulphate and zinc gluconate at pH 6.0-10.0 and against gastrointestinal digestion at 37 °C (p < 0.05). However, incubation at 100 °C for 20-60 min significantly reduced zinc-solubility of LDRLE-zinc chelate. Moreover, the chelate showed higher zinc transport ability in vitro than zinc sulphate and zinc gluconate (p < 0.05). Therefore, peptides isolated from sweet almond expeller amandin have potential applications as ingredient of zinc supplements.


Assuntos
Prunus dulcis , Tripsina , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Sulfato de Zinco , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Peptídeos , Zinco
4.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 9: CD013877, 2022 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36063364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Loss of olfactory function is well recognised as a symptom of COVID-19 infection, and the pandemic has resulted in a large number of individuals with abnormalities in their sense of smell. For many, the condition is temporary and resolves within two to four weeks. However, in a significant minority the symptoms persist. At present, it is not known whether early intervention with any form of treatment (such as medication or olfactory training) can promote recovery and prevent persisting olfactory disturbance. This is an update of the 2021 review with four studies added. OBJECTIVES: 1) To evaluate the benefits and harms of any intervention versus no treatment for people with acute olfactory dysfunction due to COVID-19 infection.  2) To keep the evidence up-to-date, using a living systematic review approach.  SEARCH METHODS: The Cochrane ENT Information Specialist searched the Cochrane ENT Register; Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL); Ovid MEDLINE; Ovid Embase; Web of Science; ClinicalTrials.gov; ICTRP and additional sources for published and unpublished trials. The date of the latest search was 20 October 2021. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in people with COVID-19 related olfactory disturbance, which had been present for less than four weeks. We included any intervention compared to no treatment or placebo.  DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard Cochrane methods. Our primary outcomes were the presence of normal olfactory function, serious adverse effects and change in sense of smell. Secondary outcomes were the prevalence of parosmia, change in sense of taste, disease-related quality of life and other adverse effects (including nosebleeds/bloody discharge). We used GRADE to assess the certainty of the evidence for each outcome.  MAIN RESULTS: We included five studies with 691 participants. The studies evaluated the following interventions: intranasal corticosteroid sprays, intranasal corticosteroid drops, intranasal hypertonic saline and zinc sulphate.  Intranasal corticosteroid spray compared to no intervention/placebo We included three studies with 288 participants who had olfactory dysfunction for less than four weeks following COVID-19. Presence of normal olfactory function The evidence is very uncertain about the effect of intranasal corticosteroid spray on both self-rated recovery of olfactory function and recovery of olfactory function using psychophysical tests at up to four weeks follow-up (self-rated: risk ratio (RR) 1.19, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.85 to 1.68; 1 study; 100 participants; psychophysical testing: RR 2.3, 95% CI 1.16 to 4.63; 1 study; 77 participants; very low-certainty evidence).  Change in sense of smell The evidence is also very uncertain about the effect of intranasal corticosteroid spray on self-rated change in the sense of smell (at less than 4 weeks: mean difference (MD) 0.5 points lower, 95% CI 1.38 lower to 0.38 higher; 1 study; 77 participants; at > 4 weeks to 3 months: MD 2.4 points higher, 95% CI 1.32 higher to 3.48 higher; 1 study; 100 participants; very low-certainty evidence, rated on a scale of 1 to 10, higher scores mean better olfactory function). Intranasal corticosteroids may make little or no difference to the change in sense of smell when assessed with psychophysical testing (MD 0.2 points, 95% CI 2.06 points lower to 2.06 points higher; 1 study; 77 participants; low-certainty evidence, 0- to 24-point scale, higher scores mean better olfactory function).  Serious adverse effects The authors of one study reported no adverse effects, but their intention to collect these data was not pre-specified so we are uncertain if these were systematically sought and identified. The remaining two studies did not report on adverse effects.  Intranasal corticosteroid drops compared to no intervention/placebo We included one study with 248 participants who had olfactory dysfunction for ≤ 15 days following COVID-19. Presence of normal olfactory function Intranasal corticosteroid drops may make little or no difference to self-rated recovery at > 4 weeks to 3 months (RR 1.00, 95% CI 0.89 to 1.11; 1 study; 248 participants; low-certainty evidence). No other outcomes were assessed by this study.  Data on the use of hypertonic saline nasal irrigation and the use of zinc sulphate to prevent persistent olfactory dysfunction are included in the full text of the review. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is very limited evidence available on the efficacy and harms of treatments for preventing persistent olfactory dysfunction following COVID-19 infection. However, we have identified a number of ongoing trials in this area. As this is a living systematic review we will update the data regularly, as new results become available.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos do Olfato , Rinite , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/complicações , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Transtornos do Olfato/etiologia , Transtornos do Olfato/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Rinite/tratamento farmacológico , Olfato , Sulfato de Zinco
5.
Parasit Vectors ; 15(1): 294, 2022 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35996178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Canine intestinal parasite prevalence may be influenced by geographical region, age, and health status of the dog. Behaviors such as predation, scavenging, or roaming as well as routine administration of anthelmintics also play a role. The purpose of this study was to evaluate fecal test results using zinc sulfate flotation by centrifugation combined with coproantigen testing directed at protein antigens excreted or secreted by hookworms (Ancylostoma spp. Uncinaria stenocephala), ascarids (Toxocara canis, Toxascaris spp. Baylisascaris spp.), whipworms (Trichuris vulpis), and Giardia spp. during active infection in owned dogs visiting dog parks in Western Canada. METHODS: A total of 774 participants were recruited from Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Canine fecal samples were collected from seven dedicated off-leash dog parks. Participating dog owners responded to a questionnaire regarding their dogs' signalment, previous veterinary history, and use of parasite-preventive products. Fecal samples were tested using zinc sulfate centrifugation combined with coproantigen testing. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of canine intestinal parasites in client-owned dogs was similar to previous studies conducted in the US. Mean age of dogs tested was 4 years, with puppies and older dogs having higher rates of infection than the mean. Fecal flotation centrifugation found 3.2% hookworm, ascarid, whipworm, and Giardia spp.-positive infections. Coproantigen testing identified 5.8% positive infections, including all of the above that were detected using fecal flotation centrifugation. CONCLUSIONS: Coproantigen testing detected more hookworm, ascarid, whipworm, and Giardia spp.-positive samples in addition to detecting all positive results found using fecal flotation centrifugation. Fecal flotation centrifugation combined with coproantigen testing improves sensitivity over flotation alone and may detect pre-patent or sub-clinical infections in dogs visiting public dog parks.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão , Giardíase , Enteropatias Parasitárias , Nematoides , Tricuríase , Alberta/epidemiologia , Animais , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Fezes/parasitologia , Giardia , Giardíase/epidemiologia , Giardíase/veterinária , Humanos , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Trichuris , Sulfato de Zinco
6.
Vet Med Sci ; 8(5): 2040-2049, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35925611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There have been some reports indicating that supplementation of zinc could alleviate the negative effects of age on egg quality in laying hens. However, information regarding these positive effects on health and zinc deposition in the body is limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of organic and inorganic sources of zinc on the antioxidant activity, bone strength, and zinc deposition in the tissues of older laying hens. METHODS: In a completely randomized design, 175 Leghorn laying hens (w36) aged 80 weeks were allocated into seven treatment groups and five replications: control (without zinc supplementation), zinc sulphate treatments (15, 30, and 45 mg/kg), and organic zinc treatments (15, 30, and 45 mg/kg). RESULTS: There was a significant increase in feed intake in the zinc sulphate and organic zinc treatments compared to the control treatment (p < 0.05). The egg mass in organic and sulphate zinc showed a significant increase. The feed conversion ratio was decreased significantly in the organic zinc treatments (p < 0.05). Both organic and sulphate zinc supplements enhanced serum superoxide dismutase activity as an antioxidant index (p < 0.05). The cortical thickness of the tibia was improved in laying hens receiving 30 mg/kg organic zinc. Supplementation of zinc could lead to an increase in zinc deposition in tissues, and organic zinc boosts bone strength. CONCLUSION: Zinc supplementation can improve antioxidant activity, feed intake, and feed conversion ratio and enhance egg mass and optimal absorption of zinc in tissues. The use of 30 mg/kg organic zinc is recommended for improving the cortical thickness of the tibia in aged laying hens.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Galinhas , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Superóxido Dismutase , Zinco , Sulfato de Zinco/farmacologia
7.
Protist ; 173(5): 125905, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36027633

RESUMO

Loxodes is one of the best ecologically characterized ciliate genera with numerous intriguing physiological abilities, including gravity-sensing organelles and nitrate respiration. However, these cells have been considered challenging to cultivate in bulk, and are poorly preserved by conventional fixatives used for fluorescence microscopy. Here we describe methods to grow and harvest Loxodes cells in bulk with liquid soil extract medium, as well as a new fixative called ZFAE (zinc sulfate, formaldehyde, acetic acid, ethanol) that can fix Loxodes cells more effectively than buffered formaldehyde or methanol. We show that ZFAE is compatible with immunofluorescence and the nuclear stain DAPI. Loxodes is thus now amenable to long-term maintenance, large-scale growth, and modern cell biology investigations of monoclonal strains in laboratory conditions.


Assuntos
Cilióforos , Metanol , Fixadores , Nitratos , Sulfato de Zinco , Formaldeído , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Etanol , Solo
8.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 29(42): 62839-62850, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35831649

RESUMO

During zinc hydrometallurgy process, the chloride ions in the materials go into the leaching solution, which have abominable effects on equipment, electrowinning, and environment. So, it is necessary to remove chloride ions from zinc sulfate solution. The present review outlines the current research of removal methods of chlorine by holistically highlighting the advantages and mechanisms. The main techniques used to remove chloride ions from zinc sulfate solution are also discussed in detail. Among the methods, the precipitation method using copper slag to remove chlorine is widely used and the chlorine removal rate is up to 98%. In addition, the combination of electrochemistry and nanofiltration technology can form a closed-loop production process with less waste output and near-zero emissions. In addition, the challenges and possible future directions of chlorine removal from zinc sulfate solutions are also delineated.


Assuntos
Cloro , Cobre , Cloretos , Zinco , Sulfato de Zinco
9.
Andrologia ; 54(9): e14508, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35842931

RESUMO

The therapeutic efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and zinc sulphate on di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)-induced testicular oxido-nitrergic stress in rats was investigated in 36 male Wistar rats (170 ± 10 g) randomly assigned into one of six groups (n = 6). Group 1 (control) received 2.5 ml/kg of distilled water for 42 days, while group 2 (vehicle) received 2.5 ml/kg of corn oil for 42 days. Groups 3,4,5, and 6 were administered DEHP (750 mg/kg/day) for 21 days, after which groups 4, 5, and 6 received zinc sulphate (0.5 mg/kg/day), NAC (100 mg/kg/day), and zinc sulphate (0.5 mg/kg/day) + NAC (100 mg/kg/day) for an additional 21 days respectively. After the experimental period, the animals were euthanized by light thiopental sodium, and their testes were carefully dissected out for histological and biochemical assays. The result shows a significant alteration in testicular levels of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, antioxidant enzymes, total antioxidant capacity, sulphydryl levels, dehydrogenases and testicular architecture following the administration of DEHP. These effects were reversed by coadministration of NAC and zinc sulphate in the study. We therefore concluded that the combined effects of NAC and ZnSO4 effectively improved testicular antioxidant status and reduced testicular nitregic stress, thus improving testicular architecture and functions.


Assuntos
Dietilexilftalato , Testículo , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Dietilexilftalato/toxicidade , Masculino , Ácidos Ftálicos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sulfato de Zinco/farmacologia
10.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0271444, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35834588

RESUMO

Obligate symbiotic bacteria associated with the insects feeding exclusively on vertebrate blood are supposed to complement B vitamins presumably lacking in their diet. Recent genomic analyses revealed considerable differences in biosynthetic capacities across different symbionts, suggesting that levels of B vitamins may vary across different vertebrate hosts. However, a rigorous determination of B vitamins content in blood of various vertebrates has not yet been approached. A reliable analytical method focused on B vitamin complex in blood can provide valuable informative background and understanding of general principles of insect symbiosis. In this work, a chromatographic separation of eight B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, biotin, folic acid, and cyanocobalamine), four B vitamin derivatives (niacinamide, pyridoxal-5-phosphate, 4-pyridoxic acid, and tetrahydrofolic acid), and 3 stable isotope labelled internal standards was developed. Detection was carried out using dual-pressure linear ion trap mass spectrometer in FullScan MS/MS and SIM mode. Except for vitamin B9 (tetrahydrofolic acid), the instrument quantitation limits of all analytes were ranging from 0.42 to 5.0 µg/L, correlation coefficients from 0.9997 to 1.0000, and QC coefficients from 0.53 to 3.2%. Optimization of whole blood sample preparation step was focused especially on evaluation of two types of protein-precipitation agents: trichloroacetic acid and zinc sulphate in methanol. The best results were obtained for zinc sulphate in methanol, but only nine analytes were successfully validated. Accuracy of the procedure using this protein-precipitating agent was ranging from 89 to 120%, precision from 0.5 to 13%, and process efficiency from 65 to 108%. The content of B vitamins in whole blood samples from human and various vertebrates is presented as an application example of this newly developed method.


Assuntos
Complexo Vitamínico B , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Ácido Fólico/análise , Humanos , Metanol , Riboflavina/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Tiamina/análise , Sulfato de Zinco
11.
Food Res Int ; 158: 111450, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840189

RESUMO

In this work, the combination treatment of zinc sulfate fortification and germination was used to increase zinc content and bioavailability of brown rice. The zinc content in brown rice during germination time of 10-34 h gradually increased with the increase of zinc sulfate concentration (0-100 mg/L). Brown rice with zinc fortified concentration of 25 mg/L and germinated for 28 h was recommended, which reached the maximum (26.31%) of zinc bioavailability and met the requirements of recommended dietary intake (RDA) of zinc. The physicochemical and structural characteristics of brown rice under different treatment conditions were compared. As the germination time prolonged, the germination rate (%), total phenol content, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging rate (%) and Gamma-aminobutyric acid content of fortified or unfortified brown rice increased, while the phytic acid content decreased. The fortification treatment improved total phenol content and antioxidant activity of germinated brown rice. The crystalline structure of brown rice was destroyed during germination, but no significant change of crystalline structure caused by zinc sulfate fortification was found. These results could provide valuable reference for the application of germination in the field of brown rice fortification and the preparation of zinc-rich germinated brown rice products.


Assuntos
Oryza , Disponibilidade Biológica , Oryza/química , Fenóis/análise , Sementes/química , Zinco/análise , Sulfato de Zinco/análise
12.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 23(4): 1285-1290, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35485687

RESUMO

AIM: Human Papillomavirus is one of the most crucial infectious disease in gynecology disease. To assess the efficacy of supplemental zinc treatment in clearance of HPV infection. METHODS: Eighty zinc-sufficient women between 21-55 years, with positive HPV DNA testing, and abnormal cervical cytology in Pap test (ASCUS or LISL) were randomly divided to case (n=40) and control group (n=40). Case group received oral tablets of zinc sulfate twice a day for 3 months while control group received no placebo. During follow-up patients underwent repeat HPV DNA test and PAP test and were evaluated for clearance/persistence of HPV infection and regression/progression in the lesion grading. RESULTS: As far as demographics, serum zinc levels and the relevant risk factors for persistence of HPV were concerned, there was no significant difference between two groups, except for the frequency distribution of HR-HPV which was significantly higher in case  group. Zinc treatment for 3 months reduced the risk of persistence of HPV infection and progression from baseline cytology (OR = 0.130) (CI 95% 0.04-0.381; p <0.001) and 0.301 (95% CI 0.777-0.116; p = 0.012), respectively. Age, initial cytology, HPV type, and contraceptive method were not related to persistence of HPV. Serum zinc levels increased in the casr group as a result of oral zinc consumption for 3-month period, though without any statistical significance (p = 0.407). CONCLUSION: The results of the following study suggested that oral intake of zinc sulfate supplement for 3 months increases the rates of HPV clearance and resolution of pre-existing cervical lesion.


Assuntos
Alphapapillomavirus , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Humanos , Teste de Papanicolaou , Papillomaviridae/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Zinco , Sulfato de Zinco/uso terapêutico
13.
J Paediatr Child Health ; 58(7): 1215-1220, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35348269

RESUMO

AIM: Zinc is an adjunct to oral rehydration salts for management of diarrhoea in children. Due to zinc's unpleasant taste, children often develop nausea and/or vomiting. We aimed to assess acceptability (tolerability) and adherence of improvised formulation of zinc tablet among under-five children with acute diarrhoea. METHODS: This was an open-label intervention trial among 3-59 months old diarrhoeal children attending the outpatient department of Dhaka Hospital, who were enrolled in two age strata, 3 to <18 months and 18-59 months. Zinc tablets 10 or 20 mg per day were prescribed for a total of 10 days for <6 months and ≥6 months age children respectively, with follow-up. Diary-cards were used to record events. RESULTS: In stratum 1, 158 (90.8%) children and in stratum 2, 144 (95.4%) children completed the study as per protocol out of 325 enrolled children. Sociodemographic, clinical and anthropometric measurements were comparable in the two strata except admission diarrhoeal duration (median 3 days vs. 2 days, P = 0.001). Adherence to 10 days treatment was 123 (77.8%) in stratum 1 and 127 (88.2%) in stratum 2. Zinc tablets were tolerated very well/well in 280 (92.7%) children. Vomiting, regurgitation and nausea were observed in 99 (32.8%), 59 (19.5%) and 22 (7.4%) children respectively. Caregivers' willingness to use the same drug in future was 300 (99.3%) among all children. CONCLUSION: Our study findings demonstrate that modified taste and formulation zinc tablets were well tolerated, and caregivers' willingness to use this formulation in future supports its acceptability, adherence and palatability.


Assuntos
Diarreia , Sulfato de Zinco , Bangladesh , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diarreia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Lactente , Náusea/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Vômito , Zinco/uso terapêutico , Sulfato de Zinco/uso terapêutico
15.
Vet J ; 281: 105812, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35248685

RESUMO

Failure of passive transfer (FPT) in calves is defined as failure to absorb colostral antibodies sufficient to achieve a serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration of > 10 g/L within the first week of life. The aim of this study was to compare four different tests to diagnose FPT in a convenience sample of 1-7 day old dairy calves in Scotland. Published cutpoints for Brix and total protein (TP) refractometry and zinc sulphate turbidity (ZST) were compared with the reference test radial immunodiffusion (RID) for suitability to detect FPT. In addition, the current commercial RID reference test offered in Scotland was validated. FPT prevalence was estimated to be 14.17% (95% confidence intervals, 10.58-17.75) based on RID test results. There was moderate agreement between the reference (RID) and indirect tests (kappa=0.28 for Brix; 0.34 for TP; 0.24 for ZST). Brix and TP refractometry underestimated IgG concentration, resulting in an overestimation of FPT prevalence (40.54% and 29.46%, respectively). Similarly, ZST overestimated the prevalence of FPT (46.29%), but the variability was more consistent across all IgG concentrations. The performance of all three indirect methods was improved by lowering test cutpoints (to 5 g/dL for TP; 8.2% for Brix; 15 units for ZST) which improved test specificity and accuracy of these screening tests.


Assuntos
Colostro , Imunidade Materno-Adquirida , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Bovinos , Feminino , Imunoglobulina G , Gravidez , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sulfato de Zinco
16.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 57(6): 567-576, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35147249

RESUMO

This study was aimed to investigate the combined effect of zinc sulphate and folic acid (ZnF) dietary supplementation on testicular haemodynamics (TH), testicular volume (TV), plasma testosterone levels (T) and semen quality of rams under heat stress conditions. Fifteen Ossimi rams were allocated to three groups: (1) G0 (n = 5) received only basic diet; (2) G1 (n = 5) received basic diet +ZnF (Zn, 0.4 mg/kg bw; F, 0.02 mg/kg bw) and (3) G2 (n = 5) received basic diet +ZnF (Zn, 0.8 mg/kg bw; F, 0.04 mg/kg bw) daily for 60 days. TH was evaluated using colour (testicular coloration, TC) and spectral modes [resistive index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI)] Doppler of the supra-testicular arteries (proximal and distal parts, STA). Semen traits including progressive motility (PM), alive sperm % (AS), sperm viability (SV), sperm abnormalities (SA) and acrosome integrity (AI) were also assessed. The examinations were carried out one month before (D-30), the beginning of ZnF inclusion in the diet (D 0) and continued for the successive two months (D 30 and D 60). TH was significantly (p < .05) improved at D 30 and D 60, evidenced by lowering both RI and PI and increasing of TC in G1 compared to G0 and G2. In addition, both TV and serum T levels were elevated (p < .05) at D 30 and D 60 in G1 compared to other groups. Semen quality parameters (PM, AS, SV and AI) were significantly (p < .05) augmented in the same trend as TH, TV and T in G1 versus G0 and G2. A marked decrease (p < .05) in SA % was noticed at Days 30 and 60 after ZnF inclusion in G1 compared to G0 and G2. In conclusion, supplementation of the summer diet with ZnF improved the whole reproductive functions such as testicular haemodynamics and semen quality of rams housed in heat stress conditions.


Assuntos
Análise do Sêmen , Sulfato de Zinco , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Ácido Fólico/farmacologia , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Hemodinâmica , Masculino , Sêmen , Análise do Sêmen/veterinária , Ovinos , Carneiro Doméstico , Sulfatos/farmacologia , Testículo/irrigação sanguínea , Testosterona , Zinco/farmacologia , Sulfato de Zinco/farmacologia
17.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 21(10): 4637-4645, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35212136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Warts are common in children and can be difficult to treat. Many treatments for warts are destructive and painful in contrast to intralesional immunotherapy using different types of antigens. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of intralesional purified protein derivative (PPD) versus intralesional zinc sulfate 2% in the treatment of pediatric warts. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial included 120 children with multiple warts divided into two equal groups. Group Ⅰ received intralesional 10 IU (0.1 ml) of PPD, group Ⅱ received intralesional zinc sulfate 2% in the largest wart every 2 weeks till improvement or for a maximum five treatment sessions. The follow-up period was 6 months after the last treatment session. RESULTS: The overall response was equal in both groups (81.7%), but the response of the injected wart was higher in the zinc sulfate group (93.4%) versus PPD group (83.3%) with no significant difference. The highest cure rates were after the 5th session in the PPD group and the 1st session in the zinc sulfate group with slightly lower numbers of sessions needed for cure in the zinc sulfate group (3 sessions) versus the PPD group (4 sessions). The zinc sulfate group showed statistically significant higher rates of complications (pain, inflammation, necrosis, and scar) than PPD group. The zinc sulfate group showed non-significant higher rates of recurrence during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Both intralesional PPD and zinc sulfate 2% are effective in pediatric warts with higher safety profile of PPD.


Assuntos
Verrugas , Sulfato de Zinco , Criança , Humanos , Sulfato de Zinco/efeitos adversos , Sulfatos/uso terapêutico , Zinco , Injeções Intralesionais , Verrugas/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(4): 5425-5438, 2022 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35050588

RESUMO

The low energy density and low cost performance of electrochemical capacitors (ECs) are the principal factors that limit the wide applications of ECs. In this work, we used enzymatic hydrolysis lignin as the carbon source and an ammonia activation methodology to prepare nitrogen-doped lignin-derived porous carbon (NLPC) electrode materials with high specific surface areas. We elucidated the free radical mechanism of ammonia activation and the relationship between nitrogen doping configurations, doping levels, and preparation temperatures. Furthermore, we assembled NLPC∥NLPC symmetric ECs and NLPC∥Zn asymmetric ECs using aqueous sulfate electrolytes. Compared with the ECs using KOH aqueous electrolyte, the energy densities of NLPC∥NLPC and NLPC∥Zn ECs were significantly improved. The divergence of charge storage characteristics in KOH, Na2SO4, and ZnSO4 electrolytes were compared by analyzing their area surface capacitance. This work provides a strategy for the sustainable preparation of lignin-derived porous carbons toward ECs with high energy densities.


Assuntos
Amônia/química , Carbono/química , Capacitância Elétrica , Lignina/química , Eletrodos , Hidróxidos/química , Nitrogênio/química , Porosidade , Compostos de Potássio/química , Sulfatos/química , Sulfato de Zinco/química
19.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(3): 1321-1330, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33954866

RESUMO

This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of the supplementation of hot-melt extrusion (HME) processed zinc sulfate (ZnSO4) on the growth performance, antioxidative activity, pancreatic digestive enzyme, small intestinal morphology, nutrient digestibility, and Zn content in broilers. The chicks were allocated to three treatments, each of which had five replicates of 15 chicks per replicate. The broiler chickens were assigned to three dietary treatments: the control (without supplemental Zn), IN-Zn (ZnSO4, 80 mg/kg), and HME-Zn (HME processed ZnSO4 as nano-Zn, 80 mg/kg). The broilers fed diets supplemented with 80 mg/kg of HME-Zn improved the BWG (P < 0.05) and FCR (P < 0.05) compared to the broilers fed the control and IN-Zn diets in phase 2. The Zn supplementation significantly enhanced the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the serum (P < 0.05) and liver (P < 0.05), and HME-Zn supplementation significantly increased the SOD in the liver compared to the IN-Zn supplementation. Reduced malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration was seen with the Zn supplementation compared to the control (P < 0.05). The chickens fed diets supplemented with the HME-Zn had higher activity of amylase (P < 0.05) and trypsin (P < 0.05) than those of the chickens fed the control and IN-Zn diets. The villus height (VH) in the duodenum (P < 0.05) and jejunum (P < 0.05) increased with the ZnSO4 and HME-Zn supplementation compared to the control. The VH and crypt depth rate (VH:CD) in the jejunum improved with the HME-Zn compared to the control (P < 0.05). The HME-Zn significantly increased the apparent ileal digestible crude protein (CP) (P < 0.05) and energy corrected by nitrogen (AIDEn) (P < 0.05) compared to the control or IN-Zn. In phases 1 and 2, the HME-Zn significantly increased Zn concentration in the liver and tibia compared to control and IN-Zn (P < 0.05). The excretion of Zn was significantly decreased in the HME-Zn compared to the IN-Zn (P < 0.05). In conclusion, supplementation of 80 mg/kg of HME-Zn in diets improved the growth performance, antioxidative activity, pancreatic enzyme activity, intestinal villus height, and nutrient digestibility with the improved Zn bioavailability in broilers.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Sulfato de Zinco , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Antioxidantes , Disponibilidade Biológica , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais , Nutrientes , Zinco/farmacologia , Sulfato de Zinco/farmacologia
20.
J Dermatolog Treat ; 33(4): 1878-1887, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zinc has shown promise in the treatment of patients with viral warts in several clinical trials, but there is no consensus on its effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of various formulations of zinc on cutaneous warts. DATA SOURCES: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, PUBMED, and Web of Science without publishing-time restriction. Trials examining zinc in the treatment of warts were collected. RESULTS: Out of 265 articles, a total of 16 met inclusion criteria. Six clinical trials investigated the clinical effectiveness of oral zinc supplementation alone in treating viral warts, two trials evaluated the efficacy of oral zinc in combination with other therapy, five trials investigated the efficacy of intralesional zinc sulfate, and three trials investigated topical zinc treatment efficacy. Zinc therapy was found to be beneficial in 13 of 16 studies evaluating its effects on warts. CONCLUSIONS: The use of zinc is a simple, safe, and cost-effective treatment in viral warts based on some preliminary evidence. However, more well-designed studies need to be performed to further evaluate the effect of zinc on warts.


Assuntos
Verrugas , Zinco , Administração Tópica , Humanos , Papillomaviridae , Verrugas/tratamento farmacológico , Zinco/uso terapêutico , Sulfato de Zinco/uso terapêutico
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