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1.
Agora (Rio J.) ; 24(3): 64-71, set.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1355591

RESUMO

RESUMO: Este trabalho propõe paralelos entre a interpretação freudiana do humor e o conceito de sinthoma em Lacan. A experimentação joyceana com a escrita interessou à Psicanálise, chegando a produzir efeitos, como é o caso da diferenciação lacaniana entre symptôme e sinthoma. A cultura judaica do leste europeu e a perplexidade com o desmoronamento de um império forneciam material para o humor kafkiano e para a teoria freudiana do humor. Com Kafka e Joyce, a literatura inventa formas literárias de leveza que interessam à investigação psicanalítica.


Abstract: This work proposes parallels between Freud's interpretation of humor and the concept of sinthoma in Lacan. Joycean experimentation with writing was of interest to Psychoanalysis, even producing effects, as is the case with the Lacanian differentiation between symptom and sinthome. Eastern European Jewish culture and perplexity at the collapse of an empire provided material for Kafka's humor and Freudian humor theory. With Kafka and Joyce, literature invents literary forms of lightness that concern psychoanalytic research.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Superego , Senso de Humor e Humor , Sinais e Sintomas
2.
Int J Psychoanal ; 102(4): 765-777, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357849

RESUMO

This text explores the evolution of the notion of trauma in Freud's work and of its decisive import for the organization of psychic functioning through a two-stage process called the après-coup. By following the three steps of Freud's theory of the drives, the author shows that the conception of the traumatic is gradually internalized to become a basic quality of all drives as a tendency to return to an earlier state, and ultimately an organic, inanimate state. An open question remains in Freud about this tendency's relation to Eros, and therefore to the links between Eros and the traumatic state. This question has remained latent within the psychoanalytic community. The author proposes to conceive of Eros as an infinitely extensible tendency that needs containing in order for it to contribute to evolving inscriptions. Thus is outlined one traumatic state as a return to the inorganic and another traumatic state as an infinite extensibility, both being transformed by the superego and its imperatives in order to generate all life forms.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Teoria Psicanalítica , Teoria Freudiana , Humanos , Superego
3.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 14(1): 1-24, jan.-abr. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1279122

RESUMO

O objetivo deste trabalho é propor uma reflexão acerca dos fundamentos subjetivos daquilo que alegoricamente denominamos de discurso do cidadão de bem. Postulamos que a articulação da dimensão discursiva do cidadão de bem é homóloga à paradoxal dialética da ação do supereu, que circunscreve o regime da lei, ao mesmo tempo em que resguarda, em sua constituição mais elementar, um estatuto completamente fora da lei. Analisamos, por fim, os efeitos dessa conjuntura a partir de algumas reações sociais frente a um acontecimento proveniente do campo da arte: a exposição "Queermuseu". Ressaltamos que as reivindicações dos cidadãos de bem que proclamam a defesa da família, da moral e dos bons costumes denunciam o ímpeto, desses sujeitos, em sobrepujar as condições de seus próprios ideais.


The objective of this work is to propose a reflection about the subjective foundations of what we allegorically call of good citizen's speech. We postulate that the articulation of the discursive dimension of the good citizen is homologous to the paradoxical dialectics of the action of the superego, which circumscribes the regime of the law, while at the same time safeguards, in its most basic constitution, a statute completely outside the law. Finally, we analyze the effects of this conjuncture from some social reactions to an event coming from the field of art: the exhibition "Queermuseu". We emphasize that the claims of the good citizens, who proclaim the protection of family, moral and decency, denounce the impetus, of these subjects, to overcome the conditions of their own ideals.


Assuntos
Superego , Psicanálise , Psicologia , Psicologia Social , Comportamento
4.
Agora (Rio J.) ; 24(1): 2-9, Jan.-Apr. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1285004

RESUMO

RESUMO: Com base na premissa de que o supereu corresponde a um mandamento que ordena um gozo impossível, o presente trabalho investiga o destino que a psicanálise é suscetível de conferir ao imperativo superegoico. Sua problemática consiste na coalescência entre comando e obediência, bem como na abertura, a ser sustentada pelo discurso analítico, de uma hiância entre ambos. O desenvolvimento parte do emparelhamento entre ouvir e obedecer, servindo-se da hipnose, de Pascal Quignard, La Boétie e Herman 1853. A variedade vocal do objeto constitui o eixo que conduz, em uma análise, à fenda do desejo e ao sintoma que remaneja o gozo.


ABSTRACT: Based on the premise that the superego is a command that demands an impossible jouissance, this article studies the possible destiny psychoanalysis can give to the superegoic imperative. The issue raised is the coalescence between commanding and obeying, as well as the opening of a gap, as supported by the discourse of the analyst, between the both of them. The development of the study establishes a pairing between listening and obeying, recurring to the hypnosis technique, to Pascal Quignard, to La Boétie and also Herman Melville. The object's vocal variety constitutes an axis which conducts, in an analysis, to the desire gap and to the symptom that relocates jouissance.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Superego , Ego
5.
J Am Psychoanal Assoc ; 69(6): 1163-1190, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35170347

RESUMO

Authority and freedom are connected, and both have external and internal forms. External authority, political or institutional, can impinge on internal freedom in ways that matter to psychoanalysts. Internal freedom requires an internal authority that can be trusted. The superego is an external authority masquerading as an internal one. The ego, with its compliance toward the id, the superego, and external reality, operates like a false self in the psyche. In Lacanian terms, it is of necessity alienated from itself. By contrast, the true self as described by Winnicott, and the "subject" as theorized especially in French psychoanalysis, represent an authentic conscience that allows us to become the authors of our at one's authority. This implies two sorts of freedom: freedom from narcissistic self-investment, and the forward-looking freedom of psychic growth. The latter occurs only in a context of relatedness to others, and it entails caring for the interests of others-if necessary at one's own expense. This vision of human beings as having an innate impetus toward psychic growth makes psychoanalysis a fundamentally optimistic endeavor. Clinical and nonclinical examples show, however, that it demands a perpetual readiness to let go of apparent certainties.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Liberdade , Humanos , Narcisismo , Teoria Psicanalítica , Superego
6.
aSEPHallus ; 15(30): 101-122, maio.2020-out.2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177907

RESUMO

O presente trabalho apresenta um percurso sobre o conceito de supereu, enfocando-o sob seu aspecto clínico. Este se desdobra em três dimensões: a primeira, que diz respeito às suas manifestações sintomáticas que frequentemente aparecem na demanda inicial de análise; a segunda, que inclui o analista como depositário da exigência superegoica, e a terceira que leva em conta o final da análise e os destinos do supereu. Destaca-se, nesse texto, o conceito em sua vertente pulsional, de exigência de satisfação, o que vai muito além de tomá-lo apenas como instância herdeira do Édipo que promove a interiorização da lei, como é predominantemente entendido


Le présent travail présente une recherche clinique sur le concept de surmoi. Celle-ci se déroule en trois dimensions: la première, qui concerne ses manifestations symptomatiques qui apparaissent fréquemment dans la demande d'analyse initiale; la seconde, qui inclut l'analyste comme dépositaire de l'exigence surmoïque, et le troisième, qui prend en compte la fin de l'analyse et les destinées du surmoi. Dans ce texte, l'accent est sur mis concept dans son aspect pulsionnel, d'exigence de satisfaction, ce qui va bien au-delà de le comprendre uniquement comme l'héritier de l'Œdipe qui favorise l'intériorisation du loi, conformément à la définition la plus répandue


This paper presents a course on the concept of superego, focusing on its clinical aspect. This unfolds in three dimensions: the first, which concerns its symptomatic manifestations that frequently appear in the initial demand for analysis; the second, which includes the analyst as the depositary of the superegoic requirement, and the third, which takes into account the end of the analysis and the destinies of the superego. In this text, the concept is explained its drive aspect, of satisfaction requirement, which goes far beyond taking it only as the heir to the Oedipus that promotes the internalization of the law, as is most commonly defined


Assuntos
Terapia Psicanalítica , Pesquisa , Superego , Terapêutica , Fantasia
7.
Int J Psychoanal ; 101(1): 136-151, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952022

RESUMO

This paper presents an overview of the main issues that underlie the outbreak of a psychosis in adolescence. The author addresses significant questions that arise in connection with the use of the terms psychosis, psychotic functioning, and adolescent breakdown, examining different theoretical and clinical approaches to psychosis in adolescence. One of the main areas to be explored is the use of the specific diagnosis of psychosis in adolescence when we witness fluctuating mental states, variability, and changeable behaviour.A central point in the development of a psychotic process is the relationship to external reality. This break with reality was characterized by M. and M.E. Laufer as specifically lived out in relation to the reality of the adolescent's changing body. This paper will look at these authors' understanding of psychotic episodes, psychotic functioning, and psychosis, as well as other theoretical perspectives. The paper will address the economic aspects linked to drive increase, the complex interplay of early anxieties, unconscious phantasies and internal object relations, along with the role of identity, the superego and trauma. The paper also discusses different modalities of treatment and stresses the benefit of psychoanalytic treatment for disturbed adolescents.


Assuntos
Terapia Psicanalítica , Transtornos Psicóticos , Adolescente , Ansiedade , Humanos , Apego ao Objeto , Transtornos Psicóticos/terapia , Superego
8.
Int J Psychoanal ; 101(4): 740-756, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952071

RESUMO

This paper provides a historical overview of the reception of the superego concept in sociology and psychoanalytic social psychology. Central to the discussion are the ways in which classical and contemporary approaches (e.g. Parsons, Elias, Bourdieu) have responded to Freud's theories concerning the genesis of the superego and its changes in the course of psychic development, to his suppositions concerning anthropology and psychopathology, and to later psychoanalytic extensions of the concept (e.g. Klein, Erikson and Loewald). With reference to Freud's works of cultural critique, special emphasis is given to conceptions of the superego in studies on authoritarianism, adaptation and morality, notably by the Frankfurt School (Fromm, Horkheimer, Adorno). The authors also discuss the historical changes undergone by the superego concept and examine by way of examples the benefits of concept for achieving a clearer understanding of recent societal trends associated with contemporary phenomena such as digitization and optimization.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Terapia Psicanalítica , Teoria Freudiana , Humanos , Princípios Morais , Teoria Psicanalítica , Sociologia , Superego
9.
Int J Psychoanal ; 101(4): 757-768, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952070

RESUMO

In Bion's work, we find both continuity with and a breakthrough from the ideas developed by Freud and Melanie Klein on the concept of superego. After relying on Klein's views, Bion presented two fresh perspectives on this topic. In the first, in his theory of thinking we find a shift from an instinctive perspective to a psychological approach to morality. In the second we find conjectures (both imaginative and rational) about a primitive conscience, a form of morality prior to the mental functioning described as the superego by Freud and even the archaic superego described by Klein. This primordial psychic condition refers to a hazy dimension in which phylogenesis merges with fetal experiences. As described by Bion, the manifestations of this primitive conscience emerge as states of intense terror and guilt underneath a symbolic mind. They inhibit the development of the mind, are felt as harsh and authoritarian, always present as prohibitive, can potentially drive the individual to suicide, and are frequently found in the psychoanalytic practice.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Terapia Psicanalítica , Ego , Emoções , Humanos , Instinto , Teoria Psicanalítica , Superego
10.
Int J Psychoanal ; 101(4): 735-739, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952073

RESUMO

In this contribution I will sustain that, given its origin, meaning and function, the superego is readily susceptible to the pathological distortions observed in clinical psychoanalytic work. After all, while we as psychoanalysts are unacquainted with the "normal" superego, we are accustomed to seeing patients with either an abnormal sense of guilt or a seeming absence of guilt. However, a distinction must first be drawn between the primitive superego and its pathological counterpart. Whereas some clinical situations involve a superego whose primitive aspects feature prominently in the foreground, in other cases one encounters psychopathological structures that do not stem from the primitive superego, even if they share the latter's seductive, dominant or intimidatory aspects.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Terapia Psicanalítica , Culpa , Humanos , Superego
11.
Int J Psychoanal ; 101(4): 667-684, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952083

RESUMO

Translation of psychoanalytic texts is notoriously complex, amplified by differences between Western languages/cultures and China. Freud labelled translation "traitorous". A current challenge is the trend among some professional translators to diminish or eliminate hierarchies of accurate and inaccurate translations. We argue for accurate translation to transmit psychoanalytic concepts in Mandarin Chinese. The English Standard Edition involved unfortunate choices to "Latinize" key Freudian terms; for example, Es, Ich and Überich were rendered as Id, Ego and Supergo, instead of more experience-near common language equivalents in English, "it, I and over I." Similarly, some recent translations of German and English psychoanalytic terms into Mandarin Chinese have also tended to perpetuate intellectualized distancing from Freud's original vivid words. Here, we focus on seven critical terms for core psychoanalytic concepts: Ich/I, Es/it, Überich/superego, Transference (Übertragung), Countertransference (Gegenübertragung), Psyche/Soul (Psyche/Seele), psychoanalysis and (surprisingly) schizophrenia. We suggest that the currently popular oral-aural translations from English into Mandarin perpetuate distancing and lead to mis-translations that obscure our foundational concepts. We propose alternative Mandarin translations for some terms and discuss the broader cultural challenges involved in transmitting the heart (and soul) of psychoanalysis with Chinese colleagues.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Teoria Freudiana , Humanos , Idioma , Teoria Psicanalítica , Superego , Língua
12.
Int J Psychoanal ; 101(6): 1172-1187, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952129

RESUMO

This paper examines the repetition compulsion as a composite structure and explores the elements that are involved in it. After examining the difference between playful repetition, which promotes psychic development, and the repetition compulsion, which obstructs psychic change, the author discusses Freud's models of the repetition compulsion (as the return of the repressed vs an expression of the death drive). Further elements that contribute to the repetition compulsion include the role of a primitive, punitive superego, the persistence of raw, unsymbolized elements, obsessional doubt, the retreat into timeless states of mind as well as a re-entry mechanism in certain psychotic patients. Finally, the failure of reparative processes seems to be a central mechanism in sustaining the repetition compulsion. Brief clinical vignettes illustrate the author's arguments.


Assuntos
Comportamento Compulsivo/psicologia , Teoria Freudiana , Humanos , Memória , Teoria Psicanalítica , Terapia Psicanalítica , Superego
13.
Int J Psychoanal ; 101(5): 992-1013, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952141

RESUMO

This paper attempts to understand further the working of values in ethics and religion. Its premise is that the psyche is organized by its internal objects, and that understanding the effective working of values therefore requires understanding the relevant internal objects. It begins with a brief outline of the history of internal objects in the thought of Freud, Klein, Fairbairn, Winnicott and Loewald, and suggests that they are best thought of as "phenomenological" in nature, meaning that, whether conscious or unconscious, they appear in the mind without an enduring substrate. Using the thought of Loewald and of the philosopher Emmanuel Levinas in particular, it suggests that the functioning of "allegory" offers an important avenue to understanding how certain internal objects act to organize the psyche hierarchically on a basis of values including ethical ones. "Religious objects" may then be understood as a subclass of "allegorical objects", acting analogously to Levinas's "face of the other" and experienced as giving access to "transcendent" (commanding) values. Such values are not adequately described by traditional accounts of a superego and require a deepening of the psychoanalytic dialogue with philosophy.


Assuntos
Princípios Morais , Filosofia , Humanos , Religião , Superego
14.
Rev. psicoanál. (Madr.) ; 33(82): 121-144, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181957

RESUMO

La historia de la teorización metapsicológica de la transferencia permite captar que esta concierne antes que nada a la procesualidad implicada en las diversas modalidades de trabajo psíquico. Una transposición de los procesos inconscientes sobre un otro debe tener lugar con el fin de que los procesos devengan eficientes por vía de una identificación con los procesos de pensamiento de este otro. La transferencia de autoridad sobre un otro anticipa la futura identificación fundadora. Los tratamientos psicoanalíticos de pacientes que presentan una afección somática permiten una reflexión sobre la implicación del mecanismo de transposición en el fundamento de la transferencia en la sesión


A historical look at the metapsychological theorization of transference reveals that it pertains first and foremost to the procedurality involved in the diverse modalities of psychic work. A transposition of the unconscious processes onto another must take place in arder for the processes to become efficient, by way of an identification with the thought processes of this other. The transference of authority onto another anticipates the future founding identification. The psychoanalytic treatment of patients presenting with a somatic condition enables a reflection upan the involvement of the mechanism of transposition in the foundation of the transference in the session


L'histoire de la théorisation métapsychologique du transf ert permet de saisir que celui-ci concerne avant tout la processualité engagée dans les di verses modalités de travail psychique. Une transposition sur un autre des processus inconscients doit avoir lieu afin que ces processus deviennent efficients par le biais d'une identification aux processus de pensée de cet autre. Le transfert d'autorité sur un autre anticipe la future identification fondatrice. Les traitements psychanalytiques de patients présentant une atteinte somatique permettent une réflexion sur l'implication du mécanisme de transposition au fondement du transf ert de séance


Assuntos
Humanos , Contratransferência , Transferência Psicológica , Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos , Transtornos Somatoformes/terapia , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Regressão Psicológica , Superego , Angústia de Castração/psicologia , Trauma Psicológico/terapia
15.
Rev. psicoanál. (Madr.) ; 33(83): 307-336, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181965

RESUMO

El texto se refiere a la distinción entre yo ideal e ideal del yo. Se empieza exponiendo la noción de estructura como algo que se forma e interactúa de modo dinámico. Estudia cómo lo intrasubjetivo proviene de lo intersubjetivo. Pasa entonces a referirse a la formación y funcionamiento del yo. Y por fin, se centra en las diferencias entre el superyó, el ideal del yo y el yo ideal. Especifica cómo Freud no distingue entre los dos últimos, considerando el ideal del yo como una función del superyó. Nunberg introduce la distinción entre el yo ideal e ideal del yo, considerando al primero una formación anterior cronológica y genéticamente superyó, ligada al narcisismo primario, sin distinción aún entre ello y yo. Lagache asume una posición sintética, y habla de pacientes en que el yo ideal ha desaparecido para integrarse en el sistema superyó-ideal del yo y pacientes en que predomina el yo ideal sin rastro del otro sistema. Complementa los planteamientos sobre el yo ideal emparentándolo con el yo placer purificado freudiano y con la omnipotencia, en un vínculo con una figura materna omnipotente, diferenciándose de un superyó-ideal de más integrado en una estructura triangular edípica


The text concerns the distinction between the ideal ego and the ego ideal. It begins by presenting the notion of structure as something that is formed and interacts dynamically. It examines how the intrasubjective proceeds from the intersubjective, going on to examine ego formation and functioning. Finally, it focuses on the differences between the superego, ego ideal and ideal ego. It underscores how Freud makes no distinction between the latter two, considering the ego ideal to be a function of the superego. Nunberg introduces the distinction between ideal ego and ego ideal, considering the former to be a formation which precedes the superego chronologically and genetically, bound up with primary narcissism, with as yet no distinction between id and ego. Lagache takes a synthetic position, describing patients in whom the ideal ego has disappeared, to be incorporated into the superego-ego ideal system, and patients in whom the ideal ego predominates with no trace of the other system. These formulations on the ideal ego are fleshed out by connecting the ideal ego with Freud's purified pleasure ego, and with omnipotence, in a link with an omnipotent maternal figure, which differs from a superego-ego ideal more integrated into a triangular oedipal structure


Le texte traite de la différence entre moi idéal et idéal du moi. Il commence en exposant la notion de structure comme quelque chose qui se forme et interagit de maniere dynamique. Il étudie comment l'intrasubjectif provient de l'intersubjectif. Puis ensuite il se réfere a la formation et au fonctionnement du moi pour finalement se centrer sur les différences entre le surmoi, l'idéal du moi et le moi idéal. Il spécifie comment Freud ne fait pas la différence entre les deux derniers, considérant l'idéal du moi comme une fonction du surmoi. Nunberg introduit la distinction entre le moi idéal et l'idéal du moi, considérant le premier une formation chronologiquement et génétiquement antérieure au surmoi, en rapport avec le narcissisme primaire, encare sans distinction entre le ça et le moi. Lagache assume une position de synthese et parle de patients chez qui le moi idéal a disparu pour s'intégrer dans le systeme surmoi-idéal du moi et de patients chez qui prévaut le moi idéal sans trace de l' autre système. Il complété l'exposé sur le moi idéal en le rapprochant du moi-plaisir punfié freudien et de l' omnipotence, dans un líen avec une figure maternelle toute-puissante, en faisant la différence avec un surmoi- idéal du moi plus intégré dans une structure triangulaire oedipienne


Assuntos
Humanos , Desenvolvimento da Personalidade , Superego , Ego , Psicologia do Self , Narcisismo , Teoria Freudiana , Teoria Psicanalítica , Culpa , Vergonha , Apego ao Objeto , Complexo de Édipo , Relações Interpessoais
16.
Rev. psicoanál. (Madr.) ; 33(83): 353-374, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181967

RESUMO

Los autores parten de la necesidad de clarificación conceptual que les surgió en el proceso de indexación de características clínicas para poder diferenciar entre yo, ideal del yo y superyó. Comienzan con el estudio de la obra de Freud, en la que se centran en los diferentes sentidos que se le da al término ideal del yo. Muestran la complejidad y evolución del pensamiento de Freud y que, en definitiva, Freud no está preocupado por diferenciar los conceptos de ideal del yo y superyó. Prosiguen con la revisión de autores que distinguen o no entre ideal del yo y superyó. No entran en la distinción entre ideal del yo y yo ideal. Finalmente, aluden a la diferencia entre el yo instancia de la teoría estructural, y el self en el sentido introducido por Hartmann de representación investida como un objeto. En ello se apoyan para proponer el concepto del ideal del self, que definen como aquello que a uno le gustaría llegar a ser, cómo le gustaría a uno verse o que le vean. Lo contraponen con el ideal del objeto, y estudian las diferentes fuentes en las que puede originarse, refiriéndose a cómo puede manifestarse en la clínica


Prompted by the need for conceptual clarification which arose in the course of indexing clinical features in arder to distinguish between ego, ego ideal and superego, the authors examine the work of Freud, with a focus u pon the different facets of the term "ego ideal". They demonstrate the complexity and evolution of Freud's thought, and that, ultimately, Freud is unconcerned with drawing a distinction between the concepts of ego ideal and superego. They go on to review subsequent authors who do or do not distinguish between ego ideal and superego. They do not enter in to distinctions between ego ideal and ideal ego. Finally, they ref er to the difference between the "agency of the ego" of structural theory, and the "self", in the sense introduced by Hartmann, of a representation invested like an object. This is used to shore up the concept of the ideal self, defined as what I want to become, how I want to see myself or how I want others to see me. This they contrast with the ideal object, which gains its content from a variety of sources, referring to how this may show itself in a clinical setting


Les auteurs partent du besoin de clarification conceptuelle surgí au long du processus d'indexation de caractéristiques cliniques pour pouvoir différencier entre moi, idéal du moi et surmoi. Ils commencent par étudier l' ceuvre de Freud, ou ils se centrent sur les différents sens attribués au terme idéal du moi. Ils montrent la complexité et l' évolution de la pensée de Freud et qu' en définitive, la différentiation des concepts d'Idéal du Moi et de Surmoi ne constituait pas une préoccupation pour Freud. Ils continuent en révisant les auteurs qui distinguent ou ne distinguent pas entre idéal du moi et moi idéal. Pour finir, ils font référence a la différence entre le moi en tant qu'instance de la théorie structurelle, et le self dans le sens propasé par Hartmann en tant que représentation investie comme un objet. Ils s'appuient sur cela pour proposer le concept d'idéal du self, qu'ils définissent comme ce que l'on voudrait arriver a étre, comment l' on voudrait se voir ou étre vu par les autres. Ils l' opposent a l' idéal de l' objet, et ils étudient les diff érentes sources dont ils peuvent provenir, tout en faisant référence a leurs différentes manifestations cliniques


Assuntos
Humanos , Teoria Freudiana , Superego , Ego , Psicologia do Self , Teoria Psicanalítica , Narcisismo , Egocentrismo
17.
Rev. psicoanál. (Madr.) ; 33(83): 377-396, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181968

RESUMO

Partiendo del pensamiento de Freud, las autoras reflexionan acerca de los ideales en los adolescentes hoy que, inmersos en una sociedad cambiante, donde el conflicto ya no se juega entre lo permitido y lo prohibido, sino entre lo posible y lo imposible, muestran el fracaso de los ideales. La patología del ideal nos habla del triunfo del ello, que debilita al yo y lo convierte en demasiado orgulloso para reconocer sus límites protegerse. La búsqueda de sensaciones se convierte en una forma de llenar el sentimiento de vacío. La adolescencia abre nuevos caminos que posibilitan el logro de la identidad sexual y reestructuran las distintas formas de identificación. Constituye un momento de subjetivación, de movilidad psíquica, donde se recompone la historia del sujeto, se modifican los ideales y se posibilita la apertura a los modelos intergeneracionales. Para finalizar se expone un material clínico de una adolescente, donde vemos como sus ideales van madurando, ofreciéndole un proyecto más acorde a su yo y a la realidad


Building on the thought of Freud, the authors reflect upon ideals in adolescents today, who, immersed in a changing society, where conflict is no longer played out between the permitted and the prohibited, but rather the possible and the impossible, reflect the failure of ideals. The pathology of the ideal speaks of the triumph of the id, which weakens the ego, making it too proud to recognise its limits and protect itself. The pursuit of sensations becomes a way to fill the emptiness. Adolescence opens up new avenues to the attainment of sexual identity, and which restructure the different forms of identification. This may be regarded as a moment of subjectivation, of psychic mobility, where the history of the subject is remade, ideals are modified and the opening up to intergenerational models is made possible. The article ends with the case study of an adolescent, in which we see her ideals maturing, offering her a project more in keeping with her ego and reality


A partir de la pensée de Freud, les auteures réfléchissent sur les idéaux chez les adolescents d'aujourd'hui, plongés dans une société changeante, ou le conflit ne se joue plus entre ce qui est permis et interdit, mais entre ce qui est possible et impossible, montrant l' échec des idéaux. La pathologie de l'idéal nous parle du triomphe du c;a, qui affaiblit le moi et qui devient trop fier pour reconnaítre ses limites et se protéger. La recherche de sensations se transforme en une maniere de remplir le sentiment de vide. L'adolescence ouvre de nouveaux chemins qui permettent la réalisation de l'identité sexuelle et restructurent les différentes formes d'identification. Elle constitue un moment de subjectivation, de mobilité psychique, ou est remise en place l'histoire du su jet, ou sont modifiés les idéaux et ou l' ouverture aux modeles intergénérationnels est autorisée. Pour finir l'on expose un matériel clinique d'une adolescente, ou on voit comment ses idéaux deviennent plus matures, luí offrant un projet plus en accord a son moi et a la réalité


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Desenvolvimento do Adolescente , Superego , Ego , Psicologia do Self , Interpretação Psicanalítica , Comportamento do Adolescente , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Apego ao Objeto , Identificação Psicológica , Narcisismo
18.
Rev. psicoanál. (Madr.) ; 33(83): 397-422, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181969

RESUMO

Se planteará en este artículo que la idealización, si bien es un mecanismo psíquico que puede ser usado para la defensa, pertenece por su naturaleza al terreno de la libido, pudiendo dar lugar a un amplio espectro de producciones patológicas o no en función de múltiples parámetros, pudiendo fijarse, como en el fanatismo, o evolucionar a lo largo del tiempo participando en procesos esenciales para el desarrollo, como la constitución del sistema ideal del yo-superyó, la formación de los ideales de la persona y la identificación. Asimismo, se considera que de la capacidad de idealizar depende muchas veces el impulso creador de la obra de arte y de las fantasías, y que de forma general colabora para dar forma al deseo que nos proyecta hacia el futuro. En la segunda parte del texto se aborda el concepto de yo ideal, prefiriendo el de idealización para dar cuenta de los distintos fenómenos asociados al narcisismo, tratando de evitar los riesgos de sustancialización y de confusión entre estados tempranos del desarrollo y patología del narcisismo que, en opinión de la autora, puede implicar el concepto de yo ideal


The author contends that idealization, while a psychic mechanism that may be used for defence, by its nature belongs to the. realm of the libido. This gives rise to a range of productionns, pathological or otherwise, dependent u pon multiple parameters. These may be fixated, as in fanaticism or evolve over the course of time by formmg part of processes essential to developments such as the constitution of the ego ideal-superego system, the formation of the ideals of the person, and identification. The creative impulse of the work of art and fantasy is also considered to be largely dependent upon the capacity for idealization, which generally speaking plays a part in shaping the desire that projects us towards the future. In the second part, the author considers the concept of ideal ego, preferring that of idealization to account for the different phenomena associated with narcissism, seeking to avoid the risk of substantiahzation and confusion between early stages of development and pathology of narcissism which, in the author's opinion, may involve the concept of ideal ego


On soulignera dans cet article que, l'idéalisation, bien qu'étant un mécanisme psychique qui peut étre utilisé par la défense, appartient par son caractere au terrain de la libido, pouvant conduire a un large spectre de productions, pathologiques ou non, en fonction de multiples parametres, pouvant se fixer, comme dans le fanatisme, ou évoluer au fil du temps en participant aux processus essentiels au développement, comme la constitution du systeme idéal du moi-surmoi, la formation des idéaux de la personne, et l'identification. On considere également que souvent, l' élan créateur de l' reuvre d' art et des fantaisies dépend de la capacité a idéaliser, et de façion générale collabore pour donner forme au désir qui nous projette vers le futur. Dans la deuxième partie du texte on aborde le concept du moi-idéal, en préférant celui d'idéalisation pour rendre compte des différents phénomènes associés au narcissisme, en essayant d' éviter les risques de substantialisation et de confusion entre états précoces du développement et pathologie du narcissisme que, de l' avis de l' auteure, peut impliquer le concept de moi-idéal


Assuntos
Humanos , Libido , Ilusões/psicologia , Teste de Realidade , Interpretação Psicanalítica , Psicologia do Self , Ego , Superego , Narcisismo , Identificação Psicológica , Satisfação Pessoal , Amor
19.
Rev. psicoanál. (Madr.) ; 33(83): 489-505, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181973

RESUMO

Partiendo de la definición de ideal del yo que aparece en Introducción del narcisismo, el autor trata de dilucidar, en la línea de Grunberger, Lagache y otros autores, la diferenciación teórica entre ideal del yo y yo ideal, indistintamente utilizados por Freud en ese texto. Cree el autor que el yo ideal es una categoría claramente diferenciada del ideal del yo, ya que comporta una vinculación muy intensa con el narcisismo primario constituyente de la subjetividad, en el cual el sujeto se halla atado a un deseo sin merma, en la medida en que la castración del narcisismo fálico donde todo es posible, no se llevó a cabo suficientemente para poder constituir una adecuada relación con los ideales del yo que poseen una función estructurante y acorde con la renuncia a la completud narcisista. El ideal del superyó, introducido por Freud en 1932 a causa de su desmesura y su grandiosidad de imposible cumplimiento arrojan al yo a un vagar entre el deseo de poderlo todo y la frustración subsiguiente ante su imposibilidad


Beginning with the definition of the ego ideal that appears in Introduction to narcissism, the author, along the lines of Grunberger, Lagache and others, attempts to elucidate the theoretical differences between "ego ideal" and "ideal ego", which Freud here uses interchangeably. The author believes that the ideal ego is clearly distinct from the ego ideal, inasmuch as it involves a strong correlation with primary narcissism as constitutive of subjectivity, in which the subject is bound to an undiminished desire. Here the castration of phallic narcissism -where everything is possible- did not adequately take place so as to establish an appropriate relationship with the ego ideals, which possess a structuring function, and in keeping with the renunciation of narcissistic completeness. The superego ideal, introduced by Freud in 1932, through its excess and its impossible-to-satisfy grandiosity, causes the ego to wander between the desire to overpower all and the subsequent frustration at its impossibility


En partant de la définition d'idéal du moi qui apparait dans Pour introduire le Narcissisme, l'auteur essaye de d'élucider, en suivant Grunberger, Lagache et d' autres auteurs, la différentiation théorique entre idéal de moi et moi idéal, indifféremment utilisés par Freud dans ce texte. L'auteur croit que le moi idéal est une catégorie clairement différenciée de l'idéal du moi, parce qu'il comporte un lien tres intense avec le narcissisme primaire constitutif de la subjectivité, dans laquelle le sujet se trouve attaché a un désir illimité, dans la mesure ou la castration du narcissisme phallique ou tout est possible n'a pas eu suffisamment lieu pour pouvoir constituer une relation adéquate avec les idéaux du moi qui possedent une fonction structurante en accord avec le renoncement a la complétude narcissique. L'idéal du surmoi, introduit par Freud en 1932 a cause de sa démesure et sa grandeur a l' exécution impossible lancent le moi a un vagabondage entre le désir de toute-puissance et la frustration ultérieure face a son impossibilité


Assuntos
Humanos , Teoria Freudiana , Superego , Ego , Psicologia do Self , Teoria Psicanalítica , Narcisismo , Egocentrismo , Defesa Perceptiva
20.
Rev. psicoanál. (Madr.) ; 33(84): 685-710, 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182018

RESUMO

El autor postula la existencia de una segunda fase de individuación en la adolescencia. Basándose en el concepto de individuación de Mahler, que tiene lugar en torno a los tres años de edad, y que culmina con la constatación de un self y un objeto diferenciados, comenta que, durante el resto de la infancia y la latencia, el yo mantiene una cierta dependencia de los yoes de la madre y el padre. En la adolescencia, tiene que poderse operar una superación de esta dependencia, produciéndose una separación de los objetos infantiles internos, así como de vínculos familiares cercanos. Y ello cara a poderse abrir a otros vínculos externos y a la sociedad en general. En la transición de este yo aún dependiente a un yo adulto más consolidado e independiente, se producen toda una serie de vicisitudes que se analizan e ilustran clínicamente en sus vertientes más normales y patológicas


The author postulates the existence of a second phase of individuation during adolescence. Based on Mahler's concept of individuation, which takes place at around three years of age, culminating in the establishment of a self, differentiated from the object, he notes that for the remains of childhood and throughout latency, the ego maintains a certain dependence upan the egos of the mother and father. In adolescence, this dependence must be overcome, resulting in a separation from infantile internal objects as well as from close family ties. This facilitates an opening up to other external links, and to society in general. In the transition from this still-dependent ego to a more consolidated and independent adult ego, a wide range of vicissitudes occur, which are analysed and illustrated clinically in their normal and pathological dimensions


L'auteur postule l'existence d'une seconde phase d'individuation a l'adolescence. Partant du concept d'individuation de Mahler, qui a lieu autour de la troisieme année de vie, et qui culmine avec la constatation d'un self et un objet différenciés, il commente que pendant le reste de l' enfance et la latence, le moi maintient une certaine dépendance vis a vis des mois de la mere et du pere. L'adolescent doit pouvoir dépasser cette dépendance, en se séparant des objets infantiles internes ainsi que des liens familiaux proches. Et cela pour pouvoir s'ouvrir a d'autres liens externes, et a la société en général. Dans la transition de ce moi encare dépendant vers un moi adulte plus consolidé et indépendant, toute une série de vicissitudes ont lieu, elles sont analysées et illustrées cliniquement dans leurs versants plus normaux ainsi que pathologiques


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Individuação , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Dependência Psicológica , Psicologia do Self , Autonomia Pessoal , Ego , Superego , Desenvolvimento do Adolescente , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/terapia
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