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1.
Lancet ; 399(10344): 2340, 2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716670
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10763, 2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750795

RESUMO

The present study aimed to identify risk factors for visual field progression in newly diagnosed exfoliation glaucoma patients. Prospective nonrandomized cohort study. The study included patients with newly diagnosed exfoliation glaucoma. All patients were followed for at least 3 years with reliable visual fields. Both risk factors at inclusion and during the 3-year follow-up were considered. For inclusion, five reliable visual fields were needed. Exfoliation glaucoma was defined based on the European Glaucoma Society guidelines. Visual field evaluation was performed using the 24-2 strategy of Humphrey field analysis. Outcomes: Visual field progression. Three different approaches were used: mean deviation, visual field index, and guided progression analysis. Independent variables were tested first in a univariate linear or regression model. The significant variables were retested in a multivariate linear or logistic regression model. The results were different for the MD, VFI and GPA models. The only variable that showed a significant association in the three models was age (p = 0.004; p = 0.006; p = 0.04). Significant variables in the two models were IOP at diagnosis (p = 0.02; p = 0.04), IOP reduction in absolute terms (p = 0.006; p = 0.003), IOP reduction in relative terms (%) (p = 0.04; p = 0.009) and number of medicines (p = 0.02; p = 0.002). Significant variables in one model were family history (p = 0.04), smoking (p = 0.03), cataract surgery (p = 0.04) and SLT treatment (p ≤ 0.001). Exfoliation glaucoma is a fast progressive glaucoma. Age at diagnosis must be considered. Significant IOP reduction must be achieved to slow down progress in exfoliation glaucoma. The use of SLT treatment should be advised in exfoliation glaucoma patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Exfoliação , Glaucoma , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Síndrome de Exfoliação/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Exfoliação/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Glaucoma/diagnóstico , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Suécia , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico , Testes de Campo Visual , Campos Visuais
3.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10816, 2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35752708

RESUMO

A national point seroprevalence study of SARS-CoV-2 was conducted in Sweden in April-May 2021. In total, 2860 individuals 3 to 90 years old from a probability-based web panel were included. Results showed that an estimated 32.6% of the population in Sweden had detectable levels of antibodies, and among non-vaccinated 20.1% had detectable levels of antibodies. We tested for differences in seroprevalence between age groups and by sex and estimated seroprevalence among previously infected participants by time since reporting.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Suécia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(7): 1471-1474, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35731187

RESUMO

We assessed standardized mortality ratio in tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in Sweden, 2004-2017. Standardized mortality ratio for TBE was 3.96 (95% CI 2.55-5.90); no cases in patients <40 years of age were fatal. These results underscore the need for further vaccination efforts in populations at risk for TBE.


Assuntos
Vírus da Encefalite Transmitidos por Carrapatos , Encefalite Transmitida por Carrapatos , Encefalite Transmitida por Carrapatos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Suécia/epidemiologia , Vacinação
5.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(6): e2218178, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35731515

RESUMO

Importance: Increasing evidence suggests that parental death is associated with unhealthy behaviors and mental ill-health. Knowledge regarding the link between parental death and the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke remains limited. Objectives: To investigate whether parental death is associated with an increased risk of IHD and stroke and whether these associations differ by the characteristics of the loss. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study, involving linkages between several nationwide registers, included 3 766 918 individuals born between 1973 and 1998 in Denmark and between 1973 and 1996 in Sweden. Participants were followed up until 2016 in Denmark and 2014 in Sweden. Data were analyzed from December 2019 to May 2021. Exposures: Death of a parent. Main Outcomes and Measures: Diagnosis with or death due to IHD or stroke. Poisson regression was used to analyze the associations between parental death and IHD and stroke risk. Results: Altogether, 48.8% of the participants were women, and 42.7% were from Denmark. A total of 523 496 individuals lost a parent during the study period (median age at loss, 25 years; IQR, 17-32 years). Parental death was associated with a 41% increased risk of IHD (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 1.41; 95% CI, 1.33-1.51) and a 30% increased risk of stroke [IRR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.21-1.38). The associations were observed not only if the parent died because of cardiovascular or other natural causes but also in cases of unnatural deaths. The associations were stronger when both parents had died (IHD: IRR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.59-2.21; stroke: IRR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.35-1.98) than when 1 parent had died (IHD: IRR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.28-1.47; stroke: IRR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.19-1.36) but did not differ substantially by the offspring's age at loss or the deceased parents' sex. The risk of acute myocardial infarction was highest in the first 3 months after loss. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, parental death in the first decades of life was associated with an increased risk of IHD and stroke. The associations were observed not only in cases of parental cardiovascular and other natural deaths but also in cases of unnatural deaths. Family members and health professionals may need to pay attention to the cardiovascular disease risk among parentally bereaved individuals.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , Morte Parental , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Estudos de Coortes , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Pais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Suécia/epidemiologia
6.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 513, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals' attitudes to and knowledge of oral health are fundamental to providing good oral health care to older adults. One instrument that assesses healthcare professionals' attitudes to and knowledge of oral health in a Swedish context is the "Attitudes to and Knowledge of Oral health" (AKO) questionnaire. Two of the three item-groups of the AKO have previously been validated in a Swedish context. However, it is crucial that all three item-groups are validated, and beneficial to design a shorter, easy-to-use questionnaire for healthcare professionals while maintaining adequate integrity of its reliability and validity. Therefore, the present study aims to develop a short-form version of AKO and to secure its psychometric properties. METHODS: Psychometric evaluation with Classical Test Theory and Item Response Theory to validate and shorten AKO with 611 healthcare professionals from a population of 1159 working in a municipality in an urban area in western Sweden. RESULTS: Of the original 16 items in the AKO, 13 were shown to warrant retention in the abbreviated/shortened form. These showed acceptable validity and reliability for assessing healthcare professionals' attitudes to and knowledge of oral health. CONCLUSION: This validated short-form version of AKO shows acceptable validity and reliability after being reduced to 13 items, structured in a 3-part scale. The items are consistent with the total scale, indicating that the internal consistency is acceptable. Future studies should be performed to evaluate AKO in other groups of healthcare professionals, across cultures, languages, and so on, to investigate its use and strengthen its validity and reliability.


Assuntos
Idioma , Saúde Bucal , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suécia
7.
Int J Equity Health ; 21(1): 88, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733169

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Social and health disparities persist in Sweden despite a high quality and universally accessible welfare system. One way of bridging social gaps is through social innovations targeting the most vulnerable groups. The South African Philani model, a social innovation for peer support aimed at pregnant women and mothers of young children, was adapted to the local context in southern Sweden. This study aimed to document and analyze the process of adapting the Philani model to the Swedish context. METHODS: Eight semi-structured interviews and three workshops were held with eleven stakeholders and peer supporters in the implementing organization and its steering committee. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in five main themes and fifteen sub-themes representing different aspects of how the peer support model was contextualized. The main themes described rationalizations for focusing on social determinants rather than health behaviors, using indirect mechanisms and social ripple effects to achieve change, focusing on referring clients to established public and civil society services, responding to a heterogeneous sociocultural context by recruiting peer supporters with diverse competencies, and having a high degree of flexibility in how contact was made with clients and how their needs were met. CONCLUSION: The South African Philani model was contextualized to support socially disadvantaged mothers and expectant mothers among migrant communities in Sweden. In the process, adaptations of the intervention's overall focus, working methods, and recruitment and outreach strategies were motivated by the existing range of services, the composition of the target group and the conditions of the delivering organization. This study highlights various considerations that arise when a social innovation developed in a low- or middle-income context is implemented in a high-income context.


Assuntos
Migrantes , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Mães , Grupo Associado , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social , África do Sul , Suécia
8.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 17(1): 239, 2022 06 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 10-15% of children with esophageal atresia (EA) delayed reconstruction of esophageal atresia (DREA) is necessary due to long-gap EA and/or prematurity/low birth weight. They represent a patient subgroup with high risk of complications. We aimed to evaluate postoperative morbidity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a Swedish national cohort of children with DREA. METHODS: Postoperative morbidity, age-specific generic HRQOL (PedsQL™ 4.0) and condition-specific HRQOL (The EA-QOL questionnaires) in children with DREA were compared with children with EA who had primary anastomosis (PA). Factors associated with the DREA group's HRQOL scores were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U-test and Spearman's rho. Clinical data was extracted from the medical records. Significance level was p < 0.05. RESULTS: Thirty-four out of 45 families of children with DREA were included and 30 returned the questionnaires(n = 8 children aged 2-7 years; n = 22 children aged 8-18 years). Compared to children with PA(42 children aged 2-7 years; 64 children aged 8-18 years), there were no significant differences in most early postoperative complications. At follow-up, symptom prevalence in children aged 2-7 with DREA ranged from 37.5% (heartburn) to 75% (cough). Further digestive and respiratory symptoms were present in ≥ 50%. In children aged 8-18, it ranged from 14.3% (vomiting) to 40.9% (cough), with other digestive and airway symptoms present in 19.0-27.3%. Except for chest tightness (2-7 years), there were no significant differences in symptom prevalence between children with DREA and PA, nor between their generic or condition-specific HRQOL scores (p > 0.05). More children with DREA underwent esophageal dilatations (both age groups), gastrostomy feeding (2-7 years), and antireflux treatment (8-18 years), p < 0.05. Days to hospital discharge after EA repair and a number of associated anomalies showed a strong negative correlation with HRQOL scores (2-7 years). Presence of cough, airway infection, swallowing difficulties and heartburn were associated with lower HRQOL scores (8-18 years), p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Although children with DREA need more treatments, they are not a risk group for postoperative morbidity and impaired HRQOL compared with children with PA. However, those with a long initial hospital stay, several associated anomalies and digestive or respiratory symptoms risk worse HRQOL. This is important information for clinical practice, families and patient stakeholders.


Assuntos
Atresia Esofágica , Criança , Tosse/complicações , Atresia Esofágica/complicações , Atresia Esofágica/cirurgia , Azia/complicações , Humanos , Morbidade , Qualidade de Vida , Suécia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0269993, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35727745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While the importance of involving older people in research is increasingly acknowledged, quantitative studies exploring the perspectives of larger samples of older people who take an active role in research on ageing and health are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the awareness of and attitudes towards public involvement in research on ageing and health among older people in Sweden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data derived from a survey (N = 881) of people aged 60 years or older in Sweden. Demographics, self-rated health, and attitudes were analysed using descriptive statistics. Awareness of and previous active involvement in research were analysed using chi-square tests and Mann Whitney tests. Factors associated with willingness to be actively involved in research were determined by logistic regressions. RESULTS: Of the 26% who responded (N = 881), 39% (n = 343) were aware that they could be actively involved in research. Awareness and previous active involvement in research were significantly associated with a higher level of education. Public involvement was believed to enhance research communication and enable valuable contributions related to ageing. The proportion of respondents who were willing to be actively involved in research was significantly higher for respondents with previous experience and a higher level of education. CONCLUSIONS: Engaging older people in Sweden in research targeting active involvement in research presents a challenge. The study shows an over-representation of people with higher education, who tend to be more aware, have previous experience, and are more willing to be involved in research with public involvement. This implies a risk that groups with lower education are not represented, and that knowledge co-produced with mostly highly educated groups will lead to a biased picture. Further studies are needed to understand how an increased awareness of research and willingness to participate can be achieved. IRRID: RR2-10.2196/17759.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Idoso , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suécia
10.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e061242, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35728903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate which factors are the most strongly related to self-perceived health among older men and describe the shape of the association between the related factors and self-perceived health using machine learning. DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a cross-sectional study within the population-based VAScular and Chronic Obstructive Lung disease study (VASCOL) conducted in southern Sweden in 2019. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 475 older men aged 73 years from the VASCOL dataset. MEASURES: Self-perceived health was measured using the first item of the Short Form 12. An extreme gradient-boosting model was trained to classify self-perceived health as better (rated: excellent or very good) or worse (rated: fair or poor) using self-reported data on 19 prevalent physician-diagnosed health conditions, intensity of 9 symptoms and 9 demographic and lifestyle factors. Importance of factors was measured in SHapley Additive exPlanations absolute mean and higher scores correspond to greater importance. RESULTS: The most important factors for classifying self-perceived health were: pain (0.629), sleep quality (0.595), breathlessness (0.549), fatigue (0.542) and depression (0.526). Health conditions ranked well below symptoms and lifestyle variables. Low levels of symptoms, good sleep quality, regular exercise, alcohol consumption and a body mass index between 22 and 28 were associated with better self-perceived health. CONCLUSIONS: Symptoms are more strongly related to self-perceived health than health conditions, which suggests that the impacts of health conditions are mediated through symptoms, which could be important targets to improve self-perceived health. Machine learning offers a new way to assess composite constructs such as well-being or quality of life.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Suécia/epidemiologia
11.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 807, 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35729529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Home rehabilitation programmes are increasingly implemented in many countries to promote independent living. Home rehabilitation should include a comprehensive assessment of functioning, but the scientific knowledge about the assessment instruments used in this context is limited. The aim of this study was to explore relationships between standardised tests and a self-reported questionnaire used in a home rehabilitation programme. We specifically studied whether there were gender differences within and between assessments. METHOD: De-identified data from 302 community-dwelling citizens that participated in a municipal home rehabilitation project in Sweden was analysed. A Mann Whitney test and an independent t-test were used to analyse differences within the following assessment instruments: the Sunnaas Activity of Daily Living Index, the General Motor Function assessment scale and the European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale. Spearman's bivariate correlation test was used to analyse relationships between the instruments, and a Fischer's Z test was performed to compare the strengths of the correlation coefficients. RESULT: Gender differences were found both within and between the assessment instruments. Women were more independent in instrumental activities of daily living than men. The ability to reach down and touch one's toes while performing personal activities of daily living was stronger for men. There was a difference between men's self-reported performance of usual activities that included instrumental activities of daily living and the standardised assessment in performing instrumental activities of daily living. The result also showed an overall difference between the self-reported assessment and the standardised test of motor function for the total group. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that a comprehensive assessment with the combination of standardised tests, questionnaires and patient-specific instruments should be considered in a home rehabilitation context in order to capture different dimensions of functioning. Assessment instruments that facilitate a person-centred home rehabilitation supporting personally meaningful activities for both men and women should be applied in daily practice. Further research about gender-biased instruments is needed to facilitate agreement on which specific instruments to use at both individual and organisation levels to promote gender-neutral practice.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Suécia
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 838(Pt 3): 156349, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660436

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Uncertainty in the dose-response of low dose radiation raised concern of an increased cancer incidence in Sweden after the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A closed cohort was created of all males ≥18 years of age living in the Northern Sweden in 1986. In total 826,400 individuals were enrolled including 40,874 hunters. A nested case-control design was used with five controls randomly selected for each cancer case matched on year of diagnosis and year of birth. Individual absorbed colon dose was calculated 1986 to 2015. Allowing for a 5-year latency period Hazard Ratios (HR) per mGy with 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CI) were calculated in a conditional logistic regression adjusted by rural/non-rural living, length of education and pre-Chernobyl cancer incidence 1980 to 1985. A total of 127,109 cancer cases occurred from 1 January 1991 to 31 December 2015. Cancer was classified in: 1) Organ-specific (stomach, colon, liver, lung, prostate, urinary bladder, thyroid and leukaemia), 2) Other and 3) Not previously associated to ionizing radiation. RESULTS: The average colon dose in cases was 1.77 mGy compared to controls 1.73 mGy. Hunters average colon dose was 2.32 mGy. Organ-specific cancers showed the highest HR per mGy both in the full cohort, adj HR 1.019 (1.014-1.024) and the hunter subcohort, adj HR 1.014 (1.001-1.027) during follow-up 1991 to 2015. Other cancer and Not previously associated with ionizing radiation showed lower HR per mGy. Therefore, the adj HR per mGy for Total cancer, 1.013 (1.009-1.017) was explained by Organ-specific cancer. Increased adj HR per mGy was seen in stomach, colon and prostate cancer, respectively in the full cohort and lung cancer in hunters. CONCLUSIONS: Some cancer sites previously associated with ionizing radiation showed a positive adjusted HR per mGy both in the full cohort and in the hunter subcohort.


Assuntos
Acidente Nuclear de Chernobyl , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação , Neoplasias , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colo , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/epidemiologia , Centrais Nucleares , Doses de Radiação , Suécia/epidemiologia
13.
Euro Surveill ; 27(22)2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35656829

RESUMO

In autumn 2019, the Public Health Agency of Sweden identified a cluster of Salmonella Newport cases by whole genome sequencing (WGS). Cases' distribution in place and time indicated a nation-wide ongoing outbreak. An investigation was initiated to identify the source and prevent further cases. We conducted a case-case study based on notified salmonellosis cases and a Salmonella trawling questionnaire, comparing 20 outbreak cases and 139 control cases. Food exposures were compared by adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) using logistic regression. Implicated foods were sampled. Outbreak cases were more likely to have consumed crayfish (aOR = 26; 95% CI: 6.3-105). One specific brand of imported frozen, pre-cooked whole crayfish in dill brine was identified as the source. Salmonella Newport was later detected in different batches from retail and in one sample from border control. Isolates from food samples clustered with the human outbreak strain by WGS. Although the retailer made a complete recall, two more cases were identified long afterwards. This investigation demonstrated the successful use of a case-case study and targeted microbiological testing to identify the source. The immediate action taken by the retailer was important to confirm the source and stop the outbreak.


Assuntos
Anethum graveolens , Animais , Astacoidea , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Salmonella/genética , Sais , Suécia/epidemiologia
14.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e060096, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35738642

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the association between occupations and suicide, and to explore the effect of gender dominance in the occupation and in the workplace on the risk of suicide. DESIGN: Register-based cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 3 318 050 workers in Sweden in 2005 and followed up until 2010. Exclusion criteria for the study were: missing information in the occupational codes, yearly income of <100 Swedish krona, missing information of the employer, death or migration, and registered occupational code reported from more than 5 years ago. OUTCOME: Suicides occurring during 2006-2010 identified in the cause of death register by the International Classification of Diagnoses-10 codes X60-84 and Y10-34. RESULTS: Occupations with increased suicide were life science and health professionals (OR: 2.8, 95% CI: 1.50 to 5.26) among women. In men, these were metal, machinery and related workers (OR: 1.5, 95% CI: 1.09 to 2.05) and personal and protective service workers (OR: 1.59, 95% CI: 1.14 to 2.22). In terms of gender dominance in the occupation, borderline associations with increased suicide risk were found for men in both male-dominated (OR: 1.32, 95% CI: 0.98 to 1.79) and female-dominated (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.91) occupations. For women, borderline increased risk of suicide was found in female-dominated occupations (OR: 1.51, 95% CI: 0.95 to 2.40). Finally, men showed a borderline increased risk of suicide in female-dominated workplaces (OR: 1.31, 95% CI: 0.94 to 1.81). CONCLUSIONS: This study found that women in the 'life science and health professionals' group and men in the 'metal, machinery and related workers' as well as 'personal and protective service workers' groups have increased incidence of suicide also when adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, precariousness of the employment relationship, spells of unemployment, previous mental disorders and suicide attempts. Moreover, gender dominance at workplace and occupation seems to be associated with the risk of suicide among men. The results of our study are novel and are worth exploring in future qualitative studies.


Assuntos
Ocupações , Local de Trabalho , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Suécia/epidemiologia
15.
Arch Osteoporos ; 17(1): 85, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739404

RESUMO

This study includes 1005 men from the Gothenburg part of the Osteoporotic Fracture in Men Study (MrOS). Included are 66 men with anemia (hemoglobin < 130 g/L). The follow-up time was up to 16 years, and the main results are that anemia is associated with all fractures and non-vertebral osteoporotic fractures. INTRODUCTION: Anemia and osteoporotic fractures are conditions that are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Clinical studies have suggested that anemia can be used as a predictor of future osteoporotic fractures. METHOD: Men from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study (MrOS) Sweden, Gothenburg, with available hemoglobin (Hb) values (n = 1005, median age 75.3 years (SD 3.2)), were included in the current analyses. Of these, 66 suffered from anemia, defined as Hb < 130 g/L. Median follow-up time for fracture was 10.1 years and the longest follow-up time was 16.1 years. RESULTS: Men with anemia had, at baseline, experienced more falls and had a higher prevalence of diabetes, cancer, prostate cancer, hypertension, and stroke. Anemia was not statistically significantly associated with bone mineral density (BMD). Men with anemia had higher serum levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (iFGF23) (p < 0.001) and phosphate (p = 0.001) and lower serum levels of testosterone (p < 0.001) and estradiol (p < 0.001). Moreover, men with anemia had an increased risk of any fracture (hazard ratio (HR) 1.97, 95% CI 1.28-3.02) and non-vertebral osteoporotic fracture (HR 2.15, 95% CI 1.18-3.93), after adjustment for age and total hip BMD, in 10 years. The risk for any fracture was increased in 10 and 16 years independently of falls, comorbidities, inflammation, and sex hormones. The age-adjusted risk of hip fracture was increased in men with anemia (HR 2.32, 95% CI 1.06-5.12), in 10 years, although this was no longer statistically significant after further adjustment for total hip BMD. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia is associated with an increased risk for any fracture and non-vertebral osteoporotic fracture in elderly men with a long follow-up time. The cause is probably multifactorial and our results support that anemia can be used as a predictor for future fracture.


Assuntos
Anemia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Idoso , Anemia/epidemiologia , Densidade Óssea , Hemoglobinas , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Fraturas por Osteoporose/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Suécia/epidemiologia
16.
Ups J Med Sci ; 1272022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722183

RESUMO

Background: Oral lipid-lowering treatment (LLT) is the standard of care for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, insufficient treatment intensity and poor adherence can lead to suboptimal treatment benefit, rendering patients at increased risk of CVD. Aims: The objective of this study was to evaluate trends in LLT intensity and adherence in Sweden over time, and their association with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) after recent myocardial infarction (MI), and also to assess the impact of transition from secondary to primary care on intensity and adherence. Methods and results: This retrospective observational cohort study used data from Swedish nationwide patient registers and included patients on LLT after an MI in the years 2010-2016 (n = 50,298; mean age, 68 years; 69% men). LLT intensity was evaluated over time (overall, for 2010-2013 and for 2014-2016) as the proportion of patients prescribed low-, moderate-, and high-intensity LLT. Adherence was assessed as the proportion of days covered. A combined measure of intensity and adherence was also considered. Differences in treatment patterns and MACE were assessed. Initiation of high-intensity LLT increased over the two time periods studied (2010-2013, 32%; 2014-2016, 91%). Adherence varied by LLT intensity and was highest in patients receiving high-intensity LLT (>80%), especially during the first time period. Little change in treatment intensity or the combined measure of intensity and adherence was observed after transition to primary care. There was a significant association between the combined measure of intensity and adherence and MACE reduction (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval] per 10% increase in the combined measure: 0.84 [0.82-0.86]; P < 0.01). Conclusion: The proportion of post-MI patients with high LLT intensity and adherence has increased in recent years, with little change after transfer from specialist to primary care. The combination of LLT intensity and adherence is important for preventing future cardiovascular events.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Infarto do Miocárdio , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Lipídeos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suécia
17.
Ups J Med Sci ; 1272022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722184

RESUMO

Background: The burden of disease from the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is large; however, suicide affects the population year after year. From a public health perspective, it is important to not neglect contributors to the total burden of disease. The aim of this paper is to compare years of life lost (YLL) to suicide with those lost to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: A nationwide cohort study in 2020, in Sweden. YLL was measured as the sex- and age-specific remaining life expectancy at the time of the person's death based on the death risks that pertained to the Swedish population in 2019. YLL to suicide was compared to YLL to COVID-19 and presented by sex and age groups. Suicide deaths in 2020 were estimated as the annual average of suicides in 2015-2019. Results: Annual average of suicide was 1,565, whereof 1,076 (68.8%) men and 489 (31.2%) women. In 2020, 10,650 persons died of COVID-19, whereof 5,681 (53.3%) men and 4,969 (46.7%) women. Estimated total YLL to suicide and COVID-19 in 2020 was 53,237 and 90,116, respectively. The COVID-19 YLL to suicide YLL ratio in 2020 was 1.69 (90,116/53,237). Men accounted for 67.1% of suicide YLL and of 56.4% of COVID-19 YLL. Those 44 years or younger accounted for 60.3% of suicide YLL and 3.9% of COVID-19 YLL. Those 75 years and older accounted for 2.9% of suicide YLL and 60.9% of COVID-19 YLL. On average, each suicide generates 34 YLL (53,237/1,565), and each COVID-19 death generates 8.5 YLL (90,116/10,650). Conclusions: YLL to suicide affects Sweden year after year, foremost attributable to the younger age groups, whereas YLL to COVID-19 is foremost attributable to the elderly. On average, each suicide generates four times more YLL than a COVID-19 death. Enormous efforts and resources have been put on tackling the pandemic, and without these, the burden would probably have been much larger. However, from a public health perspective, it is important to not neglect other contributors to the total burden of disease where national efforts also may have an impact.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Suicídio , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Suécia/epidemiologia
18.
Lakartidningen ; 1192022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730113

RESUMO

In the early 2000s, some children in asylum seeking families in Sweden showed severe reduction in function, including pervasive refusal to eat, drink, walk, talk or care for themselves. In 2014 this was to be named the resignation syndrome (ICD-10 F32.3A). The purpose of our study was to compare education and health-related outcomes over time between those with and without these symptoms, in a group of children from Central Asia who have been asylum seekers and received a residence permit in Sweden. We found that between the years 2005-2012, in the child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) in the Stockholm Region, 103 children showed symptoms of resignation, of whom 43 (43%) showed the most severe symptoms. Children with resignation syndrome assessed and cared for by CAMHS had similar need of outpatient care as other children of the same origin who had been treated by CAMHS for other conditions. They did not have an increased need for inpatient care compared with other children of the same origin, and they passed upper secondary school and past-secondary education to the same extent as other children of the same origin.


Assuntos
Refugiados , Adolescente , Assistência Ambulatorial , Criança , Humanos , Suécia/epidemiologia , Síndrome
19.
Nutrients ; 14(12)2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745218

RESUMO

Most adolescents do not consume a high-quality diet, while self-reported mental health problems within this group are increasing. This study aimed to investigate the association between diet quality and health-related quality of life, and to explore the differences in diet quality and health-related quality of life between gender and parental education status. In this cross-sectional study, a detailed web-based recall method was implemented to determine dietary intake, which was analysed using the newly developed Swedish Healthy Eating Index for Adolescents 2015 (SHEIA15) and the Riksmaten Adolescents Diet Diversity Score (RADDS), to determine diet quality. The KIDSCREEN-10 questionnaire was used to measure health-related quality of life, and parental education was self-reported through questionnaires. Parental education was divided into two groups: ≤12 years or >12 years. The study included 1139 adolescents from grade 7 (13-14 years old), 51% were girls. The results showed that girls had higher scores for healthy eating and diet diversity but lower scores for health-related quality of life. A positive association was found between diet diversity and health-related quality of life (Adj R2 = 0.072, p = 0.001), between vegetable/fruit consumption and health-related quality of life (Adj R2 = 0.071, p = 0.002), and between healthy eating and diet diversity (Adj R2 = 0.214, p < 0.001). No association was found between healthy eating and health-related quality of life for all participants. The mean scores for healthy eating and diet diversity were significantly higher in the higher education parental group. In conclusion, higher diet diversity and increased fruit and vegetable consumption could be a strategy to improve health-related quality of life among adolescents. There is a need to promote better diet quality, especially in households of low parental education. In addition, there is a further need to investigate the potential benefits of improved diet quality on mental health and overall well-being.


Assuntos
Dieta , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Suécia , Verduras
20.
Viruses ; 14(6)2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35746677

RESUMO

The unprecedented pandemic COVID-19, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), with bats as original reservoirs, has once again highlighted the importance of exploring the interface of wildlife diseases and human health. In this study, we identified a novel Betacoronavirus from bank voles (Myodes glareolus) in Grimsö, Sweden, and this virus is designated as Grimso virus. Repeated detection over three years and an overall prevalence of 3.4% suggest that the virus commonly occurs in bank voles. Furthermore, phylogenetic analyses indicate that the Grimso virus belongs to a highly divergent Embecovirus lineage predominantly associated with bank voles. Given that bank voles are one of the most common rodent species in Sweden and Europe, our findings indicate that Grimso virus might be circulating widely in bank voles and further point out the importance of sentinel surveillance of coronaviruses in wild small mammalian animals, especially in wild rodents.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças dos Roedores , Animais , Arvicolinae , COVID-19/veterinária , Filogenia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Suécia/epidemiologia
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