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1.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 47, 2022 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globalization and technological progress have made telework arrangements such as telework from home (TWFH) well-established in modern economies. TWFH was rapidly and widely implemented to reduce virus spread during the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, and will probably be widespread also post-pandemic. How such work arrangements affect employee health is largely unknown. Main objective of this review was to assess the evidence on the relationship between TWFH and employee health. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in MEDLINE, Embase, Amed, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Scopus for peer-reviewed, original research with quantitative design published from January 2010 to February 2021. Our aim was to assess the evidence for associations between TWFH and health-related outcomes in employed office workers. Risk of bias in each study was evaluated by the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and the collected body of evidence was evaluated using the the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. RESULTS: We included 14 relevant studies (22,919 participants) reporting on 28 outcomes, which were sorted into six outcome categories (general health, pain, well-being, stress, exhaustion & burnout, and satisfaction with overall life & leisure). Few studies, with many having suboptimal designs and/or other methodological issues, investigating a limited number of outcomes, resulted in the body of evidence for the detected outcome categories being GRADED either as low or very low. CONCLUSIONS: The consisting evidence on the relationship between TWFH and employee health is scarce. The non-existence of studies on many relevant and important health outcomes indicates a vast knowledge gap that is crucial to fill when determining how to implement TWFH in the future working life. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO registration ID # CRD42021233796 .


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde do Trabalhador , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Teletrabalho
2.
J. Health NPEPS ; 6(2)dez. 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1291548

Assuntos
Teletrabalho , COVID-19
3.
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0259580, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748585

RESUMO

A lockdown implies a shift from the public to the private sphere, and from market to non-market production, thereby increasing the volume of unpaid work. Already before the pandemic, unpaid work was disproportionately borne by women. This paper studies the effect of working from home for pay (WFH), due to a lockdown, on the change in the division of housework and childcare within couple households. While previous studies on the effect of WFH on the reconciliation of work and family life and the division of labour within the household suffered from selection bias, we are able to identify this effect by drawing upon the shock of the first COVID-19 lockdown in Austria. The corresponding legal measures left little choice over WFH. In any case, WFH is exogenous, conditional on a small set of individual and household characteristics we control for. We employ data from a survey on the gendered aspects of the lockdown. The dataset includes detailed information on time use during the lockdown and on the quality and experience of WFH. Uniquely, this survey data also includes information on the division, and not only magnitude, of unpaid work within households. Austria is an interesting case in this respect as it is characterized by very conservative gender norms. The results reveal that the probability of men taking on a larger share of housework increases if men are WFH alone or together with their female partner. By contrast, the involvement of men in childcare increased only in the event that the female partner was not able to WFH. Overall, the burden of childcare, and particularly homeschooling, was disproportionately borne by women.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Cuidado da Criança , Emprego , Quarentena , Teletrabalho , Áustria , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Modelos Econométricos , Classe Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0256530, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telework has been widely discussed in several fields; however, there is a lack of research on the health aspects of teleworking. The current study was conducted to determine the health effects of teleworking during an emergency statement as evidence for future policy development. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study in which we administered an online questionnaire to 5,214 general workers (response rate = 36.4%) from June 2020 to August 2020. Based on working methods during the pandemic, workers were categorized into the office group (n = 86) and telework group (n = 1597), and we characterized their demographics, changes in lifestyle, telework status, physical symptoms, and mental health. RESULTS: The results showed that the workers' residence, marital status, management positions, and employee status affected the choice of the work method. During the emergency, teleworkers experienced more changes in their habits than office workers. In terms of exercise habits, 67.0% of the individuals belonging to the office-telework (OT) group exercised less. Approximately half of the teleworkers were satisfied with their telework, and those in the OT group were less satisfied with their telework than those in the telework-telework (TT) group, and they reported an increase in both working hours and meeting hours. Work-family conflict was more pronounced in the TT group than in the two other groups. Only 13.2% of individuals did not experience any stress in the past 30 days, and all three groups showed varying degrees of anxiety and depressive tendencies. In addition, all teleworkers experienced adverse physical symptoms before and after the emergency. CONCLUSION: Health issues associated with teleworking should be given adequate attention.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Teletrabalho , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
5.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12283, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599638

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a major shift in workspace from office to home. This report examined how telecommuting is related to smoking behavior of wage and salary workers. METHODS: Self-reported smoking behavior of 1,390 U.S. wage and salary workers aged 16-64 years from the Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey 2018/19 were linked to the 2018 American Time Use Survey. Weighted multivariate logistic regression predicting smoking probability and generalized linear regression predicting smoking intensity were used for analysis. RESULTS: Almost a fifth (19%) of wage and salary workers reported working from home and over a half (52%) reported working in telecommuting amenable occupations. Nearly 12% were current smokers, smoking 14.7 cigarettes daily on average. Compared to their counterparts, smoking prevalence (percentage points) was lower among those employed in telecommuting amenable occupations (-0.52, p < .001 for all; 0.01, p = .862 for men; -2.40, p < .001 for women) and who worked more frequently from home (-0.21, p < .001 for all; -0.76, p < .001 for men; -0.03, p = .045 for women). Smoking intensity (cigarettes per day) was lower among those employed in telecommuting amenable occupations (-3.39, p = .03 for all; -0.36, p = .90 for men; -4.30, p = .21 for women). We found no statistically significant association between smoking intensity and telecommuting frequency. CONCLUSIONS: The lower likelihood of smoking and lower level of smoking intensity among telecommuting wage and salary workers suggests the need for proactive efforts to address the potential exacerbation in occupation-related smoking disparities between occupations that are and are not amenable to telecommuting.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Fumar/epidemiologia , Teletrabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Prevalência , SARS-CoV-2 , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 17(10): e1009321, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662331

RESUMO

In 2020, the world faced the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic that drastically altered people's lives. Since then, many countries have been forced to suspend public gatherings, leading to many conference cancellations, postponements, or reorganizations. Switching from a face-to-face to a remote conference became inevitable and the ultimate solution to sustain scientific exchanges at the national and the international levels. The same year, as a committee, we were in charge of organizing the major French annual conference that covers all computational biology areas: The "Journées Ouvertes en Biologie, Informatique et Mathématiques" (JOBIM). Despite the health crisis, we succeeded in changing the conference format from face to face to remote in a very short amount of time. Here, we propose 10 simple rules based on this experience to modify a conference format in an optimized and cost-effective way. In addition to the suggested rules, we decided to emphasize an unexpected benefit of this situation: a significant reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to travel for scientific conference attendance. We believe that even once the SARS-CoV-2 crisis is over, we collectively will have an opportunity to think about the way we approach such scientific events over the longer term.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Biologia Computacional , Congressos como Assunto , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Comunicação por Videoconferência , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/transmissão , Biologia Computacional/organização & administração , Estudos de Viabilidade , França , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Teletrabalho , Viagem
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682333

RESUMO

Our study addresses the issue of telework adoption by countries in the European Union and draws up a few feasible scenarios aimed at improving telework's degree of adaptability in Romania. We employed the dataset from the 2020 Eurofound survey on Living, Working and COVID-19 (Round 2) in order to extract ten relevant determinants of teleworking on the basis of 24,123 valid answers provided by respondents aged 18 and over: the availability of work equipment; the degree of satisfaction with the experience of working from home; the risks related to potential contamination with SARS-CoV-2 virus; the employees' openness to adhering to working-from-home patterns; the possibility of maintaining work-life balance objectives while teleworking; the level of satisfaction on the amount and the quality of work submitted, etc. Our methodology entailed the employment of SAS Enterprise Guide software to perform a cluster analysis resulting in a preliminary classification of the EU countries with respect to the degree that they have been able to adapt to telework. Further on, in order to refine this taxonomy, a multilayer perceptron neural network with ten input variables in the initial layer, six neurons in the intermediate layer, and three neurons in the final layer was successfully trained. The results of our research demonstrate the existence of significant disparities in terms of telework adaptability, such as: low to moderate levels of adaptability (detected in countries such as Greece, Croatia, Portugal, Spain, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Italy); fair levels of adaptability (encountered in France, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, or Romania); and high levels of adaptability (exhibited by intensely digitalized economies such Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Belgium, etc.).


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Teletrabalho , Adolescente , Adulto , Europa (Continente) , União Europeia , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Romênia , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20451, 2021 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650141

RESUMO

This research measures the epidemiological and economic impact of COVID-19 spread in the US under different mitigation scenarios, comprising of non-pharmaceutical interventions. A detailed disease model of COVID-19 is combined with a model of the US economy to estimate the direct impact of labor supply shock to each sector arising from morbidity, mortality, and lockdown, as well as the indirect impact caused by the interdependencies between sectors. During a lockdown, estimates of jobs that are workable from home in each sector are used to modify the shock to labor supply. Results show trade-offs between economic losses, and lives saved and infections averted are non-linear in compliance to social distancing and the duration of the lockdown. Sectors that are worst hit are not the labor-intensive sectors such as the Agriculture sector and the Construction sector, but the ones with high valued jobs such as the Professional Services, even after the teleworkability of jobs is accounted for. Additionally, the findings show that a low compliance to interventions can be overcome by a longer shutdown period and vice versa to arrive at similar epidemiological impact but their net effect on economic loss depends on the interplay between the marginal gains from averting infections and deaths, versus the marginal loss from having healthy workers stay at home during the shutdown.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Agricultura/economia , COVID-19/economia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Indústria da Construção/economia , Emprego , Humanos , Indústrias/economia , Modelos Econômicos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Teletrabalho , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639602

RESUMO

If there is any field that has experienced changes as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is work, primarily due to the implementation of teleworking and the effort made by workers and families to face new responsibilities. In this context, the study aims to analyze the impact of work-family conflict on burnout, considering work overload, in teleworkers during the COVID-19 pandemic. To evaluate the hypotheses, we used data collected during the last week of July 2020 using an online survey. Work-family conflict and burnout were measured using the Gutek et al. (1991) and Shirom (1989) scales. We tested the hypotheses using a structural equation model (SEM). The results indicated, between other findings, that there was a positive relationship between work-family conflict and family-work conflict and all the dimensions of burnout. However, there was no effect of teleworking overload in the work-family conflict and burnout relationship. This article is innovative because it highlights the importance of the economic and regulatory conditions that have surrounded the modality of teleworking during the pandemic, and their influence on wellbeing and psychosocial risks in workers.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Teletrabalho
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic led to a change in work organization with the development of telework. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in teleworking staff in a university hospital center in France during the first lockdown, and to identify personal, medical and occupational factors associated with anxiety disorder. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in 474 hospital staff working from home during the first lockdown. The sociodemographic, occupational and medical information (anxiety and depressive disorders measured on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale) was collected by an anonymous online self-administered questionnaire. The variables associated with anxiety disorder were investigated by a univariate analysis (chi² and Fisher tests) and a multivariate analysis (logistic regression model). RESULTS: Three hundred and forty hospital staff participated in the study (72% response rate). Of the participants, 106 subjects (32.1%) showed signs of an anxiety disorder and 26 (7.65%) of a depressive disorder. An anxiety disorder was significantly associated with mental workload, changes in working hours, difficulties in teleworking due to issues of internet connection or due to noise, difficulties in combining family and occupational life, sleep disturbance, worry about media information and worry about the health of a loved one. An anxiety disorder remained associated with occupational stress and personal stress during lockdown after a multivariate logistic regression. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlighted the association between an anxiety disorder and perceived occupational and personal stress levels in hospital staff teleworking during the first lockdown. Stress management workshops could be proposed to hospital staff. Prevention of anxiety requires reinforced medical monitoring and reduced stress.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Recursos Humanos em Hospital , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico , Teletrabalho
12.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258695, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an increasing transition rate of experienced clinical nurses from practice to academia. When nurses transition from practice to academia for the right reasons, it culminates in job satisfaction and retention. Thus, understanding what attracts clinical nurses to academia is an important consideration for employing and retaining competent nurse educators. Yet, there are gaps in research about what motivates nurses to transition from practice to academia within the Ghanaian context. This study aimed to explore the reasons for novice nurse educators' transition from practice to academia in three Health Training Institutions in the Upper East Region of Ghana. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive phenomenology study used a purposive sampling method to select 12 novice nurse educators. Data were collected using a semi-structured interview guide through individual face-to-face in-depth interviews. Written informed consent was obtained and interviews were audio-taped and transcribed verbatim. Data analysis was done manually guided by Colaizzi's method of data analysis. RESULTS: Novice nurse educators transitioned from practice to academia because they were dissatisfied with their clinical nursing practice, they wanted more flexible work, they wanted to work autonomously, and they previously taught their clients in the clinical setting. Four themes emerged namely: (1) dissatisfied with clinical nursing, (2) quest for flexible work role, (3) quest for work autonomy, and (4) previous clinical teaching. CONCLUSION: The reasons for transitioning from practice to academia were mostly born out of novice nurse educators' previous negative experiences in the clinical setting which ought to be considered in the recruitment and retention of teaching staff to train the future nurses. There is the need to revise and implement a tutor recruitment policy that takes into account, what attracts clinical nurses to the academic setting.


Assuntos
Docentes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Escolha da Profissão , Competência Clínica , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Motivação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Teletrabalho
13.
J Occup Environ Med ; 63(9): e636-e640, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491971

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine how the mismatch between telecommuting preference and telecommuting frequency was associated with psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Data from 33,302 workers throughout Japan were obtained using an Internet survey. Among 33,302 participants, 20,395 who telecommuted were included in the analysis. Participants' telecommuting preference and frequency during the COVID-19 pandemic were determined using a questionnaire. Psychological distress was assessed using Kessler 6 (K6). RESULTS: Among participants who did and did not prefer to telecommute, those who telecommuted four or more days per week had an OR of psychological distress of 0.67 (P < 0.001) and 1.87 (P = 0.001), respectively, compared with those who rarely telecommuted. CONCLUSIONS: The association between telecommuting and psychological distress differs depending on telecommuting preference.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Angústia Psicológica , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Teletrabalho
14.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12281, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587654

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, telecommuting has become a new way of working that has not only changed individuals' work, but also their health and lifestyle. We examined the relationship between telecommuting frequency and unhealthy dietary habits among Japanese workers. METHODS: A total of 33,302 workers completed an Internet survey about telecommuting and dietary habits. Data from 13,468 office workers who telecommuted were analyzed. Telecommuting frequency during the COVID-19 pandemic was extracted from a questionnaire. The odds ratios (ORs) of four types of dietary habits, namely, skipping breakfast, solitary eating, lower meal frequency, and meal substitution associated with telecommuting frequency were estimated using multilevel logistic regression nested in the prefecture of residence to control for differences in residential area. RESULTS: The multivariate OR of skipping breakfast was 1.15 (95% CI: 1.03-1.29, p = .013) for participants who telecommuted in excess of four days per week compared to those who rarely telecommuted. Similarly, the OR of solitary eating, lower meal frequency and meal substitution were 1.44 (95% CI: 1.28-1.63, p < .001), 2.39 (95% CI: 1.66-3.44, p < .001), and 1.26 (95% CI: 1.04-1.51, p = .015) for those who telecommuted in excess of four days per week compared to those who rarely telecommuted. There was a statistically significant increase in the dose-response trend in ORs of solitary eating (p for trend <.001), lower meal frequency (p for trend <.001), and meal substitution (p for trend = .001) with increasing telecommuting frequency. CONCLUSION: Telecommuters may develop unhealthy dietary habits, indicating the need for strategies to help telecommuters manage their nutrition and diet.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Comportamento Alimentar , Refeições , Teletrabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances
15.
Arh Hig Rada Toksikol ; 72(3): 232-239, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587664

RESUMO

One of the side-effects of the COVID-19 pandemic is a global change in work ergonomic patterns as millions of people replaced their usual work environment with home to limit the spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) infection. The aim of our cross-sectional pilot study was to identify musculoskeletal pain that may have resulted from this change and included 232 telecommunications company workers of both genders [121 (52.2 %) men aged 23-62 (median 41; interquartile range 33-46 yrs.) and 111 (47.8 %) women aged 23-53 (median 40; interquartile range 33-44)] who had been working from home for eight months (from 16 March to 4 December 2020) before they joined the study. The participants were asked to fill in our web-based questionnaire by self-assessing their experience of hand, lower back, and upper back/neck pain while working at home and by describing their work setting and physical activity. Compared to previous work at the office, 90 (39.1 %) participants reported stronger pain in the lower back, 105 (45.7 %) in the upper back/neck, and 63 (27.2 %) in their hands. Only one third did not report any musculoskeletal problems related to work from home. Significantly fewer men than women reported hand, lower back, and upper back/ neck pain (p=0.033, p=0.001 and p=0.013, respectively). Sixty-nine workers (29.9 %) reported to work in a separate room, 75 (32.4 %) worked in a separate section of a room with other household members, whereas 87 (37.7 %) had no separate work space, 30 of whom most often worked in the dining room. Ninety-five participants (40.9 %) had no office desk to work at, and only 75 (32.3 %) used an ergonomic chair. Of those who shared their household with others (N=164), 116 (70.7 %) complained about constant or occasional disturbances. Over a half of all participants (52 %) said that they worked longer hours from home than at work, predominantly women (p=0.05). Only 69 participants (29.9 %) were taking frequent breaks, predominantly older ones (p=0.006). Our findings clearly point to a need to inform home workers how to make more ergonomic use of non-ergonomic equipment, use breaks, and exercise and to inform employers how to better organise working hours to meet the needs of work from home.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Dor Musculoesquelética , Doenças Profissionais , Telecomunicações , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Projetos Piloto , SARS-CoV-2 , Teletrabalho
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574461

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine if psychophysiological activity, postures and movements differ during telework (i.e., work performed at home) and work performed at the conventional office. We performed twenty-four-hour pulse recordings and accelerometry measurements on 23 academic teaching and research staff during five consecutive workdays, with at least one day of telework. Additionally, we conducted salivary sampling during one day of telework, and one day of office work. Heart rate and heart rate variability indices, postural exposure and cortisol concentration were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance with Workplace and Time (i.e., before, during and after workhours) as within-subject effects. We found a significant interaction effect of Workplace and Time in heart rate variability indices and in the number of transitions between seated and standing postures. This shows more parasympathetic activity among academic teleworkers during telework than office work, which may indicate more relaxation during telework. They had an overall sedentary behavior at both workplaces but switched between sitting and standing more often during telework, which may be beneficial for their health.


Assuntos
Teletrabalho , Local de Trabalho , Acelerometria , Humanos , Postura , Comportamento Sedentário
17.
Neurol Sci ; 42(11): 4403-4418, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365547

RESUMO

AIMS: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the first Italian COVID-19 lockdown on patients with chronic migraine (CM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was based on an e-mail survey addressed to CM patients of our headache center. The survey evaluated demographic, life style, sleep, psychological, and migraine features during the COVID-19 lockdown period and the month before. The outcomes were migraine impact on daily life and variation in attack frequency, attack duration, migraine pain intensity, migraine symptomatic drugs use per week, and efficacy. RESULTS: Ninety-two patients completed the survey. During the lockdown period, attack frequency was stable in 40,2%, increased in 33,7%, and reduced in 26,1% of patients; attack duration was stable in 55,4%, increased in 23,9%, and reduced in 20,7%. Migraine pain was stable or reduced in 65,2% and increased in 34,8%; number of symptomatic drugs per week was stable in 50%, reduced in 29,3%, and increased in 20,7%; migraine drug efficacy was stable in 73,9%, reduced in 17,4%, and increased in 8,7%. Patients had a HIT-6 score of 64,63 ± 8,81. Significant associations were found with remote working, smoke, education, discontinuation of the therapy performed within headache center, migraine familiarity, sleep, anxiety, perceived stress, concern about future, and COVID-19. CONCLUSION: During the lockdown, approximately half of the patients had a clinical stability, a quarter an improvement, and another quarter a worsening. We identified different migraine-influencing elements; in particular, the remote working could represent an easy way to ameliorate migraineurs' life.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Sono , Teletrabalho
18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(15)2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34372473

RESUMO

The change from face-to-face work to teleworking caused by the pandemic has induced multiple workers to spend more time than usual in front of a computer; in addition, the sudden installation of workstations in homes means that not all of them meet the necessary characteristics for the worker to be able to position himself/herself comfortably with the correct posture in front of their computer. Furthermore, from the point of view of the medical personnel in charge of occupational risk prevention, an automated tool able to quantify the degree of incorrectness of a postural habit in a worker is needed. For this purpose, in this work, a system based on the postural detection of the worker is designed, implemented and tested, using a specialized hardware system that processes video in real time through convolutional neural networks. This system is capable of detecting the posture of the neck, shoulders and arms, providing recommendations to the worker in order to prevent possible health problems, due to poor posture. The results of the proposed system show that this video processing can be carried out in real time (up to 25 processed frames/sec) with a low power consumption (less than 10 watts) using specialized hardware, obtaining an accuracy of over 80% in terms of the pattern detected.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Postura , Teletrabalho
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360472

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has created the conditions for the expansion of teleworking (TW) in numerous sectors and organizations, and higher education institutions (HEIs) have had to adapt to this context. This paper aims to identify and analyze five factors (technology, individual involvement and skills, physical inactivity, psychological well-being, and household activities) that influence the effort and results in TW and education (E) in HEIs from the perspective of their key internal stakeholders. The data were gathered by a mix of qualitative and quantitative research methods, such as interviews and surveys. They were analyzed and interpreted through factorial analysis that uses the presentation of the main components as an extraction method, with the Varimax rotation method adopting Kaiser normalization, and processed with SPSS statistical software. This study shows that the effort and results of the key internal stakeholders of HEIs are influenced by the five factors. In this respect, students' results are negatively influenced by technology and physical inactivity factors. Moreover, the efforts of auxiliary and non-teaching staff are highly positively influenced by the psychological well-being factor and their results are positively influenced by the individual involvement and skills factor and negatively influenced by the household activities factor.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Romênia , SARS-CoV-2 , Teletrabalho
20.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12260, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346148

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak and the resulting state of emergency have restricted work environments, which may contribute to increased duration of sedentary behaviors. This study investigated the self-reported sedentary time of Japanese workers during and after the first state of emergency (April 7 to May 25, 2020) and examined differences in sedentary time after starting work from home and according to job type. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Japan COVID-19 and Society Internet Survey, a web-based questionnaire survey conducted from August to September 2020 (n = 11,623; age range 15-79 years; 63.6% male). Prolonged sedentary time was calculated by subtracting the sedentary time after the state of emergency (defined as the normal sedentary time) from that during the emergency, with adjustments using inverse probability weighting for being a respondent in an internet survey. RESULTS: An increase in sedentary time of at least 2 hours was reported by 12.8% of respondents who started working from home during the state of emergency, including 9.7% of salespersons and 7.7% of desk workers. After adjusting for potential confounders, the multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for a prolonged sedentary time ≥2 hours was significantly higher in respondents who started to work from home (OR: 2.14, 95% confidence interval: 1.78-2.57), and certain job types (desk workers; OR: 1.56, 95% CI: 1.27-1.91, salespersons; OR: 2.03, 95% CI: 1.64-2.51). CONCLUSIONS: Working from home and non-physical work environments might be important predictors of prolonged sedentary time.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Comportamento Sedentário , Teletrabalho , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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