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1.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 4): 132380, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600002

RESUMO

Pharmaceutically active compounds are an emerging water contaminant that resists conventional wastewater treatments. Herein, the sonophotocatalytic degradation of Tetracycline (TC) antibiotics as a model contaminant was carried out over a rod-like g-C3N4/V2O5 (RCN-VO) nanocomposite. RCN-VO nanocomposite was synthesized via ultrasound-assisted thermal polycondensation method. The results showed that the RCN-VO nanocomposite could completely remove the TC in water within 60 min under simultaneous irradiation of visible light and ultrasound. Moreover, the sonophotocatalytic TC degradation (a synergy index of ∼1.5) was superior to the sum of individual sonocatalytic and photocatalytic degradation using RCN-VO nanocomposite. Besides, the enhanced sonophotocatalytic activity of RCN-VO can be attributed to the 1D/2D nanostructure and the S-scheme heterojunction formation between RCN and VO where the electrons migrated from RCN to VO across the RCN-VO interface. Under irradiation, the built-in electric field, band edge bending and Coulomb interaction can synergistically facilitate the unavailing electron-hole pair recombination. Thereby, the cumulative electron in RCN and holes in VO can actively take part in the redox reaction which generates free radicals and attack the TC molecules. This study provides insight into a novel S-Scheme heterojunction photocatalyst for the removal of various refractory contaminants via sonophotocatalytic degradation.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Nanocompostos , Catálise , Luz , Tetraciclina , Tetraciclinas
2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130560, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284183

RESUMO

The colorimetric method can determine the initial results even by the naked eyes, but its main challenge for antibiotics detection in food at present is the relatively low sensitivity. Herein, an ultrasensitive colorimetric biosensor based on G-quadruplex DNAzyme was firstly proposed for the rapid detection of trace tetracycline antibiotics like tetracycline, oxytetracycline, chlortetracycline and doxycycline. DNAzyme composed of hemin and G-quadruplex has peroxidase-like activity, and tetracyclines can combine with hemin to form a stable complex and reduce catalytic activity, making the color of solution changes from yellow to green. The limits of detection (LOD) of the proposed colorimetric biosensor for tetracyclines is determined as low as 3.1 nM, which is lower than most of the other colorimetric methods for antibiotics detection. Moreover, the average recovery range of tetracyclines in actual samples is from 89% to 99%, indicating that such strategy may has bright application prospects for tetracyclines detection in foods.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Catalítico , Tetraciclinas/análise , Antibacterianos , Colorimetria , Quadruplex G , Hemina , Peroxidase , Peroxidases
3.
Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi ; 62(5): 168-174, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732644

RESUMO

In this study, we developed an analytical method for simultaneous determination of 14 quinolones and 4 tetracyclines in livestock and fishery products using LC-MS/MS. The analytes were extracted from food samples with citrate buffer (containing EDTA)-methanol-acetonitrile (3 : 1 : 1, v/v/v) in the presence of n-hexane, and the extract was purified with an Oasis PRiME HLB cartridge column. It was suggested that this analytical method can also extract analytes from solid samples containing fat by using n-hexane. In addition, using methanol-acetonitrile (3 : 7, v/v) containing 0.1 vol% formic acid as an eluent from the cartridge column, the purification effect could be improved, while minimizing the impairment of the recovery rate. As a result of the validation using six types of food samples, trueness (accuracy) was 70.6%-113.8%, the RSD of repeatability was 9.0% or less, and the RSD of within-laboratory reproducibility was 15.5% or less. Using this approach, the standard values mentioned in the Japanese guideline were successfully met.


Assuntos
Quinolonas , Tetraciclinas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Pesqueiros , Gado , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(21)2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770542

RESUMO

Antibiotics are widely used to both prevent and treat bacterial diseases as well as promote animal growth. This massive use leads to the presence of residual antibiotics in food with severe consequences for human health. Limitations and regulations on the tolerated amount of antibiotics in food have been introduced and analytical methods have been developed. The bioanalytical methods usually employed to detect antibiotic residues, however, are time-consuming, expensive and laboratory-based. Novel methods with improved rapidity, portability and cost that are easy-to-use and sustainable are therefore highly desirable. In the attempt to fulfill this need, a microfluidic system was set up herein for the purification and pre-concentration of tetracyclines from raw milk selected as the case-study. The system includes a polymeric microfluidic chip containing magnetic beads loaded with copper to exploit the preferential interaction of tetracycline with divalent ions. The microfluidic system was demonstrated to efficiently pre-concentrate tetracycline, oxytetracycline and chlortetracycline with similar performances and efficiently purify tetracycline from raw milk without any pre-treatment. The simplified method described in this paper could be easily integrated in a compact and portable device for the in-field detection of tetracyclines, with the economic advantage of preventing food wastes and guaranteeing food safety.


Assuntos
Resíduos de Drogas , Tetraciclinas , Animais , Antibacterianos/análise , Cobre , Resíduos de Drogas/análise , Humanos , Íons , Leite/química , Tetraciclinas/análise
5.
Water Res ; 206: 117756, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678697

RESUMO

Struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) recovered from livestock wastewater may impose a pharmacological threat to the environment, due to the extensive existence of antibiotics in the wastewater. In this study, tetracyclines (TCs) were selected as the typical antibiotics, and the individual processes of dissolved organic matters (DOM) evolution and their effects on TCs migration in struvite recovery from swine wastewater were discriminated and quantified. Results revealed that TCs transport was contributed by the adsorption of pure struvite crystals, struvite adsorbing DOM-TCs complex and DOM aggregation, which occupied 2.29-6.53%, 23.53-34.66%, and 59.09-74.19% of the total TCs migration amounts, respectively. A tangential flow filtration system was employed to divide DOM into five fractional parts on the basis of molecular weight cut-offs. Experimental results indicated that under alkaline conditions of struvite crystallization, DOMs with larger molecular weights, hydrolyzed to DOMs with smaller molecular weights, which consequently promoted TCs re-distribution in DOMs from higher molecular weights to those with lower molecular weights. Furthermore, a distribution model was developed to characterize TCs transport in struvite recovery by describing TCs distribution among various phases, including struvite adsorption, DOM-TCs complexing, DOM aggregation, and free state in the solution, respectively. These outcomes provided new understanding on DOM evolution and effects on antibiotics transport in phosphate recovery from wastewater.


Assuntos
Tetraciclinas , Águas Residuárias , Animais , Antibacterianos , Fósforo , Estruvita , Suínos , Tetraciclinas/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Águas Residuárias/análise
6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1182: 338957, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602203

RESUMO

A reciprocating magnetic-field-assisted on-line solid-phase extraction (RMF-SPE) method coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has been developed for continuous enrichment of trace chemicals in water samples. Under the assist of the reciprocating magnetic field, carboxyl-modified magnetic nanoparticles (CMNPs) were applied to prepare microcolumn with even dispersion by periodical motion, instead of traditional compaction as extraction sorbents. When water sample passed through the extraction region, dynamic sorbents generates an advantage of countless contacts between sorbents and targets without blocking for high efficient extraction. In this study, the on-line RMF-SPE method was established and evaluated by determination of tetracyclines (TCs) from water samples as analysis models, including oxytetracycline, tetracycline, demeclocycline, metacycline, chlortetracycline, and doxycycline. Experimental conditions have been investigated such as flow rate, reciprocating speed, elution time, and so on. The method showed high relative recovery (95.4-111.1%) and good repeatability with RSD from 2.9 to 11.8% for the 200 mL water sample. The linearity range, limits of detection (LODs), and limits of quantification (LOQs) were 0.5-200 µg L-1 (chlortetracycline) and 0.1-200 µg L-1 (other TCs), 12.0-74.1 ng L-1, and 40.1-247 ng L-1, respectively. More importantly, the high enrichment factors in a range of 204 (chlortetracycline) to 276 (demeclocycline) indicate that a small amount of dynamic sorbents (only 10 mg) give full play to extraction attributing to the reciprocating movement, especially for trace analysis and continuous extraction, which is significant for water samples from sea, river and domestic waste.


Assuntos
Tetraciclinas , Água , Cromatografia Líquida , Campos Magnéticos , Extração em Fase Sólida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
7.
Molecules ; 26(18)2021 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577155

RESUMO

An innovative, rapid and stable method for simultaneous determination of three tetracycline (oxytetracycline, tetracycline and doxycycline) and two fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin and enrofloxacin) residues in poultry eggs by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection (UPLC-FLD) was established and optimized. The samples were homogenized and extracted with acetonitrile/ultrapure water (90:10, v/v) and then purified by solid-phase extraction (SPE). LC separation was achieved on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (1.7 µm, 2.1 mm × 100 mm), and the mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile and a 0.1 mol/L malonic acid solution containing 50 mmol/L magnesium chloride (the pH was adjusted to 5.5 with ammonia). When the five target drugs were spiked at the limit of quantification, 0.5 times the maximum residue limit (MRL), 1.0 MRL and 2.0 MRL, the recoveries were above 83.5% and the precision ranged from 1.99% to 6.24%. These figures of merit complied with the parameter validation regulations of the EU and U.S. FDA. The limits of detection and quantifications of the targets were 0.1-13.4 µg/kg and 0.3-40.1 µg/kg, respectively. The proposed method was easily extended to quantitative analyses of target drug residues in 85 egg samples, thus demonstrating its reliability and applicability.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Ovos/análise , Fluoroquinolonas/análise , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Tetraciclinas/análise , Animais , Ciprofloxacina/análise , Doxiciclina/análise , Resíduos de Drogas/análise , Enrofloxacina/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Limite de Detecção , Oxitetraciclina/análise , Aves Domésticas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Extração em Fase Sólida , Tetraciclina/análise , Drogas Veterinárias/análise
8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1003, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common pathogen that causes community-acquired pneumonia in school-age children. Macrolides are considered a first-line treatment for M. pneumoniae infection in children, but macrolide-refractory M. pneumoniae (MRMP) strains have become more common. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones in MRMP treatment in children through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Two reviewers individually searched 10 electronic databases (Medline/Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and core Korean, Chinese, and Japanese journals) for papers published from January 1, 1990 to March 8, 2018. The following data for each treatment group were extracted from the selected studies: intervention (tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones/comparator), patient characteristics (age and sex), and outcomes (fever duration, hospital stay length, treatment success rate, and defervescence rates 24, 48, and 72 h after starting treatment). RESULTS: Eight studies involving 537 participants were included. Fever duration and hospital stay length were shorter in the tetracycline group than in the macrolide group (weighted mean difference [WMD] = - 1.45, 95% confidence interval [CI]: - 2.55 to - 0.36, P = 0.009; and WMD = - 3.33, 95% CI: - 4.32 to - 2.35, P < 0.00001, respectively). The therapeutic efficacy was significantly higher in the tetracycline group than in the macrolide group (odds ratio [OR]: 8.80, 95% CI: 3.12-24.82). With regard to defervescence rate, patients in the tetracycline group showed significant improvement compared to those in the macrolide group (defervescence rate after 24 h, OR: 5.34, 95% CI: 1.81-15.75; after 48 h, OR 18.37, 95% CI: 8.87-38.03; and after 72 h, OR: 40.77, 95% CI: 6.15-270.12). There were no differences in fever improvement within 24 h in patients in the fluoroquinolone group compared to those in the macrolide group (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 0.25-5.00), although the defervescence rate was higher after 48 h in the fluoroquinolone group (OR: 2.78, 95% CI: 1.41-5.51). CONCLUSION: Tetracyclines may shorten fever duration and hospital stay length in patients with MRMP infection. Fluoroquinolones may achieve defervescence within 48 h in patients with MRMP infection. However, these results should be carefully interpreted as only a small number of studies were included, and they were heterogeneous.


Assuntos
Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Fluoroquinolonas/farmacologia , Fluoroquinolonas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Macrolídeos/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/tratamento farmacológico , Tetraciclinas/farmacologia , Tetraciclinas/uso terapêutico
9.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4942-4950, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581138

RESUMO

Antibiotic residues in farmland soils resulting from the application of livestock manure poses risks to the soil and water ecology associated with the spread of antibiotic resistance, thereby threatening environmental safety and human health. Here, a leaching experiment was carried out using soil(CK-T), pig manure(PM-T), cow manure(CM-T), and chicken manure(CHM-T) with the addition of tetracyclines(tetracycline, oxytetracycline, and chlortetracycline) and a control group(without antibiotics). The effects of different sources of manure on soil physical and chemical indicators and bacterial abundance under simulated leaching conditions were studied, while the migration of tetracyclines in the different treatments were also determined. The results showed that compared with the CHM-T and CM-T treatments, the tetracyclines in the PM-T treatment were more easily accumulated in the soil(residual amounts=0.90-6.91 mg·kg-1 compared to the other treatments=0.33-4.42 mg·kg-1). Compared with the surface soil(0-4 cm), higher concentrations of tetracyclines were detected at soil depths of 16-24 cm. Consistent with the residues of antibiotics, the concentrations of TN and NH4+-N in the soil with the PM-T treatment were increased by 0.044 g·kg-1 and 14.11 mg·kg-1, respectively, which were significantly higher than other treatments. The abundance of bacteria in the soil was reduced due to the bactericidal effect of antibiotics, by 39.66% in the PM-T treatment, which was significantly higher than in the other treatments(12.38%-35.26%). Compared with other treatments, the antibiotics in the CHM-T treatment were more easily leached from the soil, with 9.91 mg of antibiotics in the leachate, which was significantly higher than the other treatments(P<0.05). TN, NH4+-N, tetracycline, oxytetracycline, and chlortetracycline were the first principal component factors, accounting for 54.55% of the variation, and corresponding concentrations increased with soil depth. Based on these results, tetracyclines in pig manure tended to accumulate in soil and transfer vertically along with variations in the soil microbial community. For chicken manure, relatively high concentrations of tetracyclines were detected in the soil leachate, increasing the risk of water pollution.


Assuntos
Esterco , Poluentes do Solo , Animais , Antibacterianos , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Suínos , Tetraciclinas/análise
10.
Anal Methods ; 13(37): 4320-4327, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477188

RESUMO

In this work, COF-LZU1@PEI@Fe3O4 was synthesized by immobilization of COF-LZU1 onto the surface of polyethyleneimine-functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles (PEI@Fe3O4) and employed as an adsorbent for magnetic dispersive micro-solid phase extraction of tetracyclines (TCs). COF-LZU1@PEI@Fe3O4 was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms analysis. The optimal extraction and desorption conditions were as follows: 15.00 mL sample solution (pH 7.0) extracted with 5.0 mg of adsorbent for 30 min at 30 °C, and then desorbed with 1.50 mL methanol/acetonitrile/0.02 mol L-1 oxalic acid solution (v/v, 1 : 2 : 7). Good linearities were obtained between the peak area and TC concentration ranging from 5-500 µg L-1 with correlation coefficients (R2) higher than 0.9992 and limits of detection lower than 0.51 µg L-1. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of intra-day and inter-day were less than 5.7% and 7.4%, respectively. The developed method was successfully applied to the determination of TCs in environmental water samples with recoveries in the range of 87.0-113.8% and RSDs less than 5.1%, suggesting great potential of COF-LZU1@PEI@Fe3O4 for efficient extraction and analysis of trace TCs in water samples.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Limite de Detecção , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Extração em Fase Sólida , Tetraciclinas , Água
11.
Environ Pollut ; 291: 118167, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534827

RESUMO

In recent years, an extensive exposure to antibiotics from various sources has been demonstrated in China by the biomonitoring method, but the temporal trend remains little known. The study aim was to explore the temporal trend of exposure to antibiotics and associated health risk in children. A dynamic child cohort was established in Shanghai, East China between 2017 and 2020. A total of 684 school children aged 7-11 years were included, and 280 in 2017, 279 in 2018, 288 in 2019, and 287 in 2020 participated in annual surveys. Twenty-three typical antibiotics and three metabolites from five categories (four tetracyclines, five qinolones, six macrolides, eight sulfonamides, and three phenicols), bisphenol A (BPA), and monobutyl phthalate (MBP) were determined in urine. Logistic regression analysis with generalized estimating equations was conducted to investigate the associations between various variables and the detection frequency of antibiotics in urine. Seventeen antibiotics and three metabolites were found in 51.9% of all urine samples. Compared to 2017, the detection frequency in urine reduced 31.8% in 2020 for all antibiotics (58.2% vs 39.7%) and reduced 36.8%-55.8% for tetracyclines (11.4% vs 7.0%), qinolones (34.3% vs 21.3%), macrolides (8.6% vs 3.8%), sulfonamides (16.4% vs 8.7%), and phenicols (19.3% vs 12.2%). After accounting for personal characteristics, food consumption, and urinary BPA and MBP, a decreasing temporal trend of detection frequencies was observed from 2017 to 2020 for most antibiotics. Urinary concentration, estimated daily intake, and acceptable daily intake-based health risk of antibiotics showed a temporal trend similar to detection frequency. There was an extensive exposure to antibiotics in children. However, a decreasing temporal trend occurred for the exposure during the period from 2017 to 2020. The trend was likely to be caused by decreased antibiotic use and/or decreased residues in food and/or drinking water.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos , Tetraciclinas , Antibacterianos , Criança , China , Humanos , Macrolídeos , Instituições Acadêmicas
12.
Cells ; 10(8)2021 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34440932

RESUMO

We used mouse microglial cells in culture activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or α-synuclein amyloid aggregates (αSa) to study the anti-inflammatory effects of COL-3, a tetracycline derivative without antimicrobial activity. Under LPS or αSa stimulation, COL-3 (10, 20 µM) efficiently repressed the induction of the microglial activation marker protein Iba-1 and the stimulated-release of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α. COL-3's inhibitory effects on TNF-α were reproduced by the tetracycline antibiotic doxycycline (DOX; 50 µM), the glucocorticoid dexamethasone, and apocynin (APO), an inhibitor of the superoxide-producing enzyme NADPH oxidase. This last observation suggested that COL-3 and DOX might also operate themselves by restraining oxidative stress-mediated signaling events. Quantitative measurement of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels revealed that COL-3 and DOX were indeed as effective as APO in reducing oxidative stress and TNF-α release in activated microglia. ROS inhibition with COL-3 or DOX occurred together with a reduction of microglial glucose accumulation and NADPH synthesis. This suggested that COL-3 and DOX might reduce microglial oxidative burst activity by limiting the glucose-dependent synthesis of NADPH, the requisite substrate for NADPH oxidase. Coherent with this possibility, the glycolysis inhibitor 2-deoxy-D-glucose reproduced the immunosuppressive action of COL-3 and DOX in activated microglia. Overall, we propose that COL-3 and its parent compound DOX exert anti-inflammatory effects in microglial cells by inhibiting glucose-dependent ROS production. These effects might be strengthened by the intrinsic antioxidant properties of DOX and COL-3 in a self-reinforcing manner.


Assuntos
Doxiciclina/química , Doxiciclina/farmacologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Tetraciclinas/química , Tetraciclinas/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Imunofluorescência , Glucose/metabolismo , Camundongos , Microglia/metabolismo , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Neuroimunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 799: 149360, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365265

RESUMO

Tetracycline antibiotics (TCs) are massively produced and consumed in various industries resulting in large quantities of residuals in the environment. In this study, to achieve safe and efficient removal of residual TCs, a Pichia pastoris (P. pastoris) was gained to stably express glycosylated TCs degrading enzyme Tet(X) followed codon and expression parameter optimization of tet(X4). As expected, glycosylated Tet(X) still maintains efficient capacity of degrading TCs. The expressed Tet(X) maintained efficient TCs degrading ability over a pH range of 6.5 - 9.5 and temperature range of 17 - 47 °C. We tested this recombinant protein for its ability to degrade tetracycline in pond water and sewage models of tetracycline removal at starting levels of 10 mg/L substrate. 80.5 ± 3.8% and 26.2 ± 2.6% of tetracycline was degraded within 15 min in the presence of 0.2 µM Tet(X) and 50 µM NADPH, respectively. More importantly, the direct use of a Tet(X) degrading enzymes reduces the risk of gene transmission during degradation. Thus, the Tet(X) degrading enzyme expressed by P. pastoris is an effective and safe method for treating intractable TCs residues.


Assuntos
Pichia , Tetraciclinas , Antibacterianos , Pichia/genética , Saccharomycetales , Água
14.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(7)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356702

RESUMO

Antimicrobial drug residues in food are strictly controlled and monitored by national laws in most territories. Tetracyclines are a major broad-spectrum antibiotic class, active against a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and they are the leading choice for the treatment of many conditions in veterinary medicine in recent years. In dairy farms, milk from cows being treated with antibiotic drugs, such as tetracyclines, is considered unfit for human consumption. Contamination of the farm bulk tank with milk containing these residues presents a threat to confidence of supply and results in financial losses to farmers and dairy. Real-time monitoring of milk production for antimicrobial residues could reduce this risk and help to minimise the release of residues into the environment where they can cause reservoirs of antimicrobial resistance. In this article, we review the existing literature for the detection of tetracyclines in cow's milk. Firstly, the complex nature of the milk matrix is described, and the test strategies in commercial use are outlined. Following this, emerging biosensors in the low-cost biosensors field are contrasted against each other, focusing upon electrochemical biosensors. Existing commercial tests that identify antimicrobial residues within milk are largely limited to beta-lactam detection, or non-specific detection of microbial inhibition, with tests specific to tetracycline residues less prevalent. Herein, we review a number of emerging electrochemical biosensor detection strategies for tetracyclines, which have the potential to close this gap and address the industry challenges associated with existing tests.


Assuntos
Leite/química , Tetraciclinas/análise , Animais , Antibacterianos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Bovinos , Indústria de Laticínios , Resíduos de Drogas , Feminino , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Humanos , Tetraciclina
16.
J Antimicrob Chemother ; 76(12 Suppl 2): ii45-ii59, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312660

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Data on consumption of tetracyclines, sulphonamides and trimethoprim, and other antibacterials were collected from 30 EU/European Economic Area (EEA) countries over two decades. This article reviews temporal trends, seasonal variation, presence of change-points and changes in the composition of main subgroups of tetracyclines, sulphonamides and trimethoprim and other antibacterials. METHODS: For the period 1997-2017, data on consumption of tetracyclines (ATC group J01A), sulphonamides and trimethoprim (ATC group J01E), and other antibacterials (ATC group J01X) in the community and aggregated at the level of the active substance, were collected using the WHO ATC/DDD methodology (ATC/DDD index 2019). Consumption was expressed in DDD per 1000 inhabitants per day and in packages per 1000 inhabitants per day. Consumption of tetracyclines, sulphonamides and trimethoprim, and other antibacterials was analysed based on ATC-4 subgroups and presented as trends, seasonal variation, presence of change-points and compositional changes. RESULTS: In 2017, consumption of tetracyclines, sulphonamides and trimethoprim, and other antibacterials in the community expressed in DDD per 1000 inhabitants per day varied considerably between countries. Between 1997 and 2017, consumption of tetracyclines did not change significantly, while its seasonal variation significantly decreased over time. Consumption of sulphonamides and trimethoprim significantly decreased until 2006, and its seasonal variation significantly decreased over time. The consumption of other antibacterials showed no significant change over time or in seasonal variation. CONCLUSIONS: Consumption and composition of tetracyclines, sulphonamides and trimethoprim, and other antibacterials showed wide variations between EU/EEA countries and over time. This represents an opportunity to further reduce consumption of these groups in some countries and improve the quality of their prescription.


Assuntos
Tetraciclinas , Trimetoprima , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Uso de Medicamentos , União Europeia , Humanos , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Tetraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Trimetoprima/uso terapêutico
17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 621, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34193063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psittacosis, which is also known as parrot fever, is Chlamydia psittaci (C. psittaci) caused infectious disease. The clinical manifestations vary from asymptomatic infection to severe atypical pneumonia or even fatal meningitis. Early recognition of psittacosis is difficult because of its nonspecific clinical manifestations. Culture and gene probe techniques for C. psittaci are not available for routine clinical use, which makes the diagnosis difficult too. Although psittacosis has increasingly been recognized and reported in recent years, cure of severe pneumonia complicated with meningitis, with etiologic diagnosis aided by the use of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS), is still uncommon. So, it is necessary to report and review such potentially fatal case. CASE PRESENTATION: This report describes a 54-year-old woman with C. psittaci caused severe atypical pneumonia and meningitis. She presented with symptoms of fever, dry cough and dyspnea, accompanied by prominent headache. Her condition deteriorated rapidly to respiratory failure and lethargy under the treatment of empirical antibacterial agents, and was treated with invasive mechanical ventilation soon. She denied contact with birds, poultry or horses, but unbiased mNGS of both the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) identified sequence reads corresponding to C. psittaci infection, and there was no sequence read corresponding to other probable pathogens. Combined use of targeted antimicrobial agents of tetracyclines, macrolides and fluoroquinolones was carried out, and the patient's condition improved and she was discharged home 28 days later. Her status returned close to premorbid condition on day 60 of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: When clinicians come across a patient with atypical pneumonia accompanied by symptoms of meningitis, psittacosis should be taken into consideration. mNGS is a promising detection method in such condition and is recommended.


Assuntos
Pneumonia por Clamídia/diagnóstico , Chlamydophila psittaci/isolamento & purificação , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Meningite/diagnóstico , Metagenoma , Psitacose/diagnóstico , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia por Clamídia/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Fluoroquinolonas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Macrolídeos/uso terapêutico , Meningite/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psitacose/tratamento farmacológico , Tetraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 603: 418-429, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197990

RESUMO

Nowadays, numerous studies have focused on the newly developed technologies for the thorough removal of tetracyclines (TCs). The efficient removal of trace-amount pollutants requires the development of improved materials with higher adsorption capacity and increased adsorption selectivity. Zn(II)-mediated chitosan nonwoven fabric (Zn-CSNW) adsorbent with coordination capability was explored for the effective and selective removal of TC. The adsorption of TC to Zn-CSNW could reach equilibrium in about 30 min with a maximum adsorption capacity of 195.9 mg/g. It exhibited high anti-interference performance for TC adsorption at low concentrations, with good regeneration and effective reuse. Except for citrate, organic materials similar in structure to TC or common ions in aqueous solutions did not show obvious competition for the adsorption of low concentrations of TC. Additionally, the inherent fluorescence of chitosan and the fluorescence sensitization effect of Zn2+ for TC enabled function of Zn-CSNW as an indicator of the adsorption of TC by changes in fluorescence color and intensity under UV light (365 nm). It can indicate the saturation state of the Zn-CSNW, which will bring convenience to the use of the adsorbent. The Zn(II)-mediated coordination interaction plays a vital role in both the selective recognition of TC and the fluorescence sensing of adsorption amount, demonstrating an affordable and effective strategy for the treatment of water containing low amounts of antibiotics.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Adsorção , Antibacterianos , Fluorescência , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Tetraciclina , Tetraciclinas , Zinco
19.
J Glob Antimicrob Resist ; 26: 308-316, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the trends in serotypes and in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae causing adult invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) to dalbavancin, telavancin, tedizolid, eravacycline, omadacycline and other comparator antibiotics from 2017-2020 following implementation of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV-13) and during the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic. METHODS: During the study period, 237 S. pneumoniae isolates were collected from non-duplicate patients, covering 15.0% of IPD cases in Taiwan. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using a Sensititre® system. A latex agglutination method (ImmuLex™ Pneumotest Kit) was used to determine serotypes. RESULTS: Susceptibility rates were high for vancomycin (100%), teicoplanin (100%) and linezolid (100%), followed by ceftaroline (non-meningitis) (98.3%), moxifloxacin (94.9%) and quinupristin/dalfopristin (89.9%). MIC50 and MIC90 values of dalbavancin, telavancin, tedizolid, eravacycline and omadacycline were generally low. Non-vaccine serotype 23A was the leading cause of IPD across the adult age range. Isolates of serotype 15B were slightly fewer than those of PCV-13 serotypes in patients aged ≥65 years. The overall case fatality rate was 15.2% (36/237) but was especially high for non-PCV-13 serotype 15B (21.4%; 3/14). Vaccine coverage was 44.7% for PCV-13 and 49.4% for the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV-23), but was 57% for both PCV-13 and PPSV-23. CONCLUSION: The incidence of IPD was stationary after PCV-13 introduction and only dramatically decreased in the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. The MIC50 and MIC90 values of dalbavancin, telavancin, tedizolid, eravacycline, omadacycline were generally low for S. pneumoniae causing adult IPD.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Adulto , Aminoglicosídeos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Lipoglicopeptídeos , Oxazolidinonas , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Sorogrupo , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Teicoplanina/análogos & derivados , Teicoplanina/farmacologia , Tetraciclinas , Tetrazóis
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 798: 149071, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34315057

RESUMO

N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), a nitrosamine, is a typical nitrogenous disinfection byproduct. In this study, NDMA formation potential and mechanism, from tetracycline and oxytetracycline (as model precursors) in an ammonium-contaminating water, were investigated. The results indicated that both monochloramine and dichloramine played a vital role in NDMA formation. Additionally, the determination of NDMA formation potential (NDMA FP) at a wide range of pH showed that the unprotonated tetracycline tended to have a higher NDMA conversion ratio. We also found that the dissociation of hydroxyl on the meta-position of dimethylamine group promoted on NDMA formation. The detection of significant intermediate products showed that N-chloro unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH-Cl) and sequences of chlorine substitution products were key intermediates, indicating that NDMA formation occurred via the UDMH mechanism pathway. These results improve the knowledge on NDMA formation mechanism and the control strategies during the disinfection of ammonium-containing water.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Antibacterianos , Cloro , Dimetilnitrosamina , Desinfecção , Tetraciclinas , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
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