Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.484
Filtrar
1.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 55(1): 82-87, 2023 Feb 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718693

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of novel bioactive glasses (BG) including PSC with high phosphorus component and FBG with fluorine-doped element on promoting remineralization of artificial dentin caries. METHODS: (1) BGs were used in this study as follows: PSC (10.8%P2O5-54.2%SiO2-35.0%CaO, mol.%) were synthesized using phytic acid as the phosphorus precursor through sol-gel method. FBG (6.1%P2O5-37.0%SiO2-53.9%CaO-3.0%CaF2, mol.%) and 45S5(6.0%P2O5-45.0%SiO2-24.5%CaO-24.5%Na2O, mol.%) were synthesized by traditional melt method. (2) The above BGs were soaked in simulated body fluid (SBF) for 24 hours. Then X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to analyze the formation of hydroxyapatite (HA) crystals. (3) Prepared 1 mm thick dentin slices were soaked in 17% ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) for 1 week to demineralize the dentin. Then the dentin slices treated by BG were soaked in SBF for 1 week. Field emission scanning electron micro-scopy (FE-SEM) was used to observe the surface morphology of the dentin slices. (4) Four cavities were prepared to 1 mm depth in each 2 mm thick dentin slice, then were treated with lactic acid for 2 weeks to form the artificial dentin caries. Wax, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), PSC and FBG were used to fill four cavities as blank control group, MTA group, PSC group and FBG group respectively. Then the spe-cimens were soaked in SBF for 4 weeks. The changes of depth and density of demineralized dentin were analyzed using Micro-CT before filling and after 2 and 4 weeks filling. RESULTS: (1) PSC and FBG promoted mineral formation on the surfaces of the demineralized dentin. And the speed was faster and crystallinity was higher in PSC group than the FBG and 45S5 groups. (2) The increased mineral density of artificial dentin caries in PSC group were (185.98 ± 55.66) mg/cm3 and (213.64 ± 36.01) mg/cm3 2 and 4 weeks after filling respectively, which were significantly higher than the control group [(20.38 ± 7.55) mg/cm3, P=0.006; (36.46 ± 10.79) mg/cm3, P=0.001]. At meanwhile, PSC group was also higher than MTA group [(57.29 ± 10.09) mg/cm3; (111.02 ± 22.06) mg/cm3], and it had statistical difference (P=0.015; P=0.006). The depth of remineralized dentin in PSC group were (40.0 ± 16.9) µm and (54.5 ± 17.8) µm 2 and 4 weeks respectively, which were also statistically different from the control group (P =0.010;P=0.001). There were no statistical differences between the control group and MTA group. The above effects of FBG group were between PSC and MTA. CONCLUSION: PSC has advantages in the speed, quality and depth of mineral deposition in the demineralized layer of artificial dentin caries. It would be expected to be an ideal material to promote the remineralization of dentin caries.


Assuntos
Dentina , Dióxido de Silício , Dióxido de Silício/análise , Dióxido de Silício/farmacologia , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Minerais/análise , Minerais/farmacologia , Fósforo/análise , Fósforo/farmacologia , Remineralização Dentária/métodos
2.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 516, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627315

RESUMO

This in vitro study evaluated the effects of the infiltration of F- and Ca2+ ions into human enamel by electrokinetic flow (EKF) on the enamel microhardness and F- content. Sound human enamel ground sections of unerupted third molars were infiltrated with de-ionized water by EKF and with F- ion by EKF respectively. All samples were submitted to two successive transverse acid-etch biopsies (etching times of 30 s and 20 min) to quantify F- ion infiltrated deep into enamel. Remarkably, sound enamel showed a large increase in microhardness (MH) after infiltration of NaF (p < 0.00001) and CaCl2 (p = 0.013) by EKF. Additionally, NaF-EKF increased the remineralization in the lesion body of artificial enamel caries lesions compared to controls (p < 0.01). With the enamel biopsy technique, at both etching times, more F- ions were found in the EKF-treated group than the control group (p << 0.05), and more fluoride was extracted from deeper biopsies in the NaF-EKF group. In conclusion, our results show that EKF treatment is superior in transporting Ca2+ and F- ions into sound enamel when compared to molecular diffusion, enhancing both the mineralization of sound enamel and the remineralization of artificial enamel caries.


Assuntos
Cariostáticos , Cárie Dentária , Humanos , Cariostáticos/farmacologia , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Esmalte Dentário , Fluoreto de Sódio
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e230883, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1399769

RESUMO

Phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) is a protease inhibitor widely used in research, but fluoride is released during its action and this knowledge has been neglected in dental research. Aim: to evaluate if fluoride released by salivary protease action on PMSF affects enamel remineralization and fluoride uptake. Methods: Groups of 10 enamel slabs, with caries-like lesions and known surface hardness (SH), were subjected to one of the following treatment groups: Stimulated human saliva (SHS), negative control; SHS containing 1.0 µg F/mL (NaF), positive control; and SHS containing 10, 50 or 100 µM PMSF. The slabs were subjected to a pH-cycling regimen consisting of 22 h/day in each treatment solution and 2 h/day in a demineralizing solution. After 12 days, SH was again measured to calculate the percentage of surface hardness recovery (%SHR), followed by enamel fluoride uptake determination. The time-related fluoride release from 100.0 µM PMSF by SHS action was also determined. Data were analyzed by ANOVA followed by Newman-Keuls test. Results: The release of fluoride from PMSF by SHS was rapid, reaching a maximum value after 10 min. Fluoride released from PMSF was more effective in enhancing %SHR and increasing fluoride uptake in enamel compared with SHS alone (p < 0.05); furthermore, it was equivalent to the positive control (p > 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, fluoride released by saliva from PMSF is available to react with enamel and needs to be taken into account in research using this protease inhibitor


Assuntos
Fluoreto de Fenilmetilsulfonil , Inibidores de Proteases , Remineralização Dentária , Esmalte Dentário
4.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 645, 2022 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575416

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental bleaching is a common clinical practice. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) bleaching gel on the morphology and microhardness of enamel, and to analyze the effect of four remineralizing agents. METHODS: One hundred blocks were prepared. The enamel surfaces were bleached with 35% HP in one session. The specimens were divided into four remineralization treatment groups (n = 25). G1: Tooth Mousse, G2: Remin-Pro, G3: Colgate Pro-Relif, G4: Mirafluor. The remineralizing protocol was applied 3 min per day for one week. Vickers microhardness (HV) measurements and SEM observations were performed at baseline, after bleaching, and after remineralizing treatment in all groups. Statistical analyses were performed using the paired t-test and ANOVA. RESULTS: After bleaching, SEM showed an increase of irregularities on the surface of the samples. Enamel microhardness decreased a mean of 47.7 HV, equivalent to a mean decrease of 18.3% (p < 0.05). After remineralization, the HV increased in all groups between 16 and 33% (p < 0.01), recovering the initial microhardness of enamel samples. SEM images revealed a higher quantity of superficial mineral deposits in groups 1 and 2 compared to the rest of the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The application of remineralizing products generates a significant increase in enamel microhardness. Tooth Mousse-treated samples showed a greater microhardness recovery, followed by Remin Pro. The superficial morphology of the samples reflects the results obtained in the HV tests.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Humanos , Dureza , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Esmalte Dentário , Géis/farmacologia , Clareadores Dentários/farmacologia
5.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 22(4): 101725, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36494113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the efficacy of 2 types of bioactive glass (45S5) compared to casein-phosphopeptide stabilized-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) in the treatment of orthodontically-induced white spot lesions (WSLs). METHODS: Sixty post-orthodontic WSLs (ICDAS II score 2) were randomly allocated to a double blind randomized controlled trial with 3 parallel arms (n = 20). Test group I (Bio-BAG) received BiominF slurry and toothpaste, and test group II (N-BAG) received Novamin slurry and toothpaste. While the positive control group (CPP-ACP) received Recaldent paste. Products were applied daily in-office during week 1, and boosted by self-administered home application for 4 weeks (week 1-4). Standard oral hygiene care was performed by all participants twice daily during months 2-6. All patients were assessed for change in WSL dimensions using computer assisted analysis based on standardized digital intraoral photographs in addition to laser fluorescence DIAGNOdent assessment before treatment (T0) and at 1 week (T1), 1 month (T2), 3 months (T3,) and 6 months (T4) follow up periods. RESULTS: Kruskal Wallis test was used (P < .05 for all). At T4, a statistically significant (P < .001) regression of WSL was disclosed in all 3 groups compared to baseline, and a highly significant lesion size percent reduction in Bio-BAG group compared to the control group (P < .001). The mean area of the lesions decreased by 64.8%, 32.2%, and 31.6% for groups I, II and III respectively (P = .001). DIAGNOdent findings largely reflected the clinical scores (Mean scores at baseline/T4 for groups I, II, and III respectively; 16.57/3.62, 16.93/7.90, 21.95/19.27). No adverse effects were reported. CONCLUSIONS: The combined in-office and home-application of BiominF paste for 4 weeks resulted in greater esthetic improvements of post-orthodontic WSLs compared to Novamin and CPP-ACP. In addition, BiominF showed a significant reduction in fluorescence intensity which indicates potential lesion remineralization. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Post-orthodontic WSLs can be diminished using bioactive glass remineralization therapy.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Remineralização Dentária , Humanos , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Cariostáticos/farmacologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Esmalte Dentário , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Cremes Dentais/farmacologia
6.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 101(6): 18-21, 2022.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36562362

RESUMO

THE AIM OF THE STUDY: Was to analyze the effectiveness of therapeutic and preventive measures aimed at reducing hyperesthesia of hard dental tissues in patients with background somatic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 113 patients with increased tooth sensitivity and treated in the gastroenterological and endocrinological departments of the S.M. Kirov City Clinical Hospital No.3¼ in Astrakhan in the period from 2018 to 2021 at the age of 26-43 years. The main group included 52 patients with confirmed diagnoses of gastric and duodenal ulcer, pancreatitis and type II diabetes mellitus who were treated for dental hyperesthesia with an integrated approach. The control group included 61 patients with periodontal disease without background somatic pathologies in whom hyperesthesia was treated by remineralizing therapy. The effectiveness of the treatment was determined in dynamics on the 10th and 40th days of treatment using OHI-S, PMA indices, dental hypersensitivity prevalence (DHP), dental hypersensitivity intensity (DHI), Dental Sensitivity Index (DSI), Efficacy of Dental Sensitivity Index (EDSI). In addition, the pH of saliva, the activity of lysozyme and S-IgA, and the levels of cytokines IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-6, and IL-8 were determined. RESULTS: The average value of OHI-S in the main group on the 10th day of treatment decreased from 2.25±0.12 (poor level of hygiene) to 1.47±0.09 (satisfactory level). The PMA index in the main group also tended to decrease from 32.1±1.44% (moderate degree of gingivitis) to 20.5±2.08% (mild degree) on the 10th day of treatment. The average values of DPH, DPI, EDSI and DSI in the main group had a noticeable decrease already on the 10th day from the start of treatment (from 12.3±1.66% to 2.1±1.22%; from 2.5±0.48 to 1.2±0.16; from 48.3±1.14% to 40.8±1.71%; from 42.1±2.07% to 20.8±1, 65% respectively). In the main group on the 10th and 40th day of treatment the pH values of non-stimulated and stimulated saliva stabilized (from 4.61±0.12 to 6.94±0.07 and from 5.47±0.21 to 7.42±0.24, respectively), the activity of lysozyme increased (from 45.97±1.46% to 55.19±0.96%) alongside with secretory IgA (from 0.17±0.02 to 0.33±0.21 mg/ml). Also, indicators of cytokines IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8 tended to improve. The analysis of the control group revealed persistent mean values that did not yield to significant changes either in the course of treatment. CONCLUSION: Thus, in patients of the main group, the results obtained indicate an improvement in the dental status and activation of cytokine regulation, providing a combination of active components of the mineral complex. In controls the method of remineralizing therapy for tooth hyperesthesia alleviated dental hypersensitivity, but without significant improvement of the laboratory results.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Remineralização Dentária , Adulto , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Interleucina-4/análise , Interleucina-6/análise , Interleucina-8/análise , Muramidase/análise , Sensibilidade da Dentina/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/etiologia , Sensibilidade da Dentina/terapia , Saliva/química , Remineralização Dentária/métodos
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 489, 2022 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of fluoride-containing toothpastes with different technologies to remineralize artificial caries lesions in enamel. METHODS: Bovine enamel blocks were divided into three thirds: intact (untreated), demineralized (artificial caries lesion), and treated (caries lesion, pH cycling with dentifrices). Enamel blocks were randomly distributed into five groups (n = 12): Fluoride-free toothpaste, Colgate Oral Care (NC); Arginine-containing toothpaste, Colgate Total Daily Repair (PC); Silicate-based fluoride toothpaste: REFIX technology, regenerador + sensitive (RDC), NR-5 technology, Regenerate Enamel Science (RES), and NOVAMIN technology, Sensodyne Repair and Protect (SRP). The specimens were submitted to a pH cycling model for 6 days. The efficacy of the toothpastes was estimated by calculating the surface microhardness recovery (%SMHR) and the fluorescence recovery (ΔFRE) with quantitative light-induced fluorescence. The cross-sectional micromorphology of the enamel surface was also assessed using scanning electron microscopy. Elemental analyses (weight%) were determined with an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS). The results were compared to that of the control (NC). Data were statistically analyzed (5%). RESULTS: %SMHR could be ranked as follows: RDC = PC = RES = SRP > NC. Significantly higher %SMHR and ΔFRE means were observed after enamel treatment with RDC (22.7 and 46.9, respectively). PC (%SMHR = 18.8) was as efficacious as RDC to recover the surface microhardness with a significantly lower mean of ΔFRE (19.5). Only RDC was able to promote the formation of a mineralized layer on the surface of enamel enriched with silicon on the surface. CONCLUSIONS: The silicate-based fluoride toothpaste containing REFIX technology demonstrated greater efficacy in the remineralizing artificial caries than the other products.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Cremes Dentais , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Dureza , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fluoreto de Sódio , Tecnologia , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 525, 2022 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Nanomaterials with superior properties such as high surface area over volume ratio are widely used in dentistry and medicine. This in vitro study was performed to synthesize and characterize nano bioactive glass (nBG) and to evaluate the effect of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) containing nBG (CPP-ACP@nBG) on enamel remineralization by its application to pH-cycled, synthetically demineralized enamel surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: nBG particles were prepared by sol-gel method. X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and transmittance electron microscopy (TEM) were used for nBG characterization. Synthetic CPP-ACP paste was prepared and nBG particles were added to it. To evaluate the degree of remineralization, 32 healthy human premolars were selected. The samples were randomly divided into 4 groups as: Group 1: Commercial CPP-ACFP (MI paste plus), Group 2: Synthetic casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate containing fluoride (CPP-ACP@F), Group 3: Synthetic CPP/ACP containing nBG (CPP-ACP@nBG), and Group 4: Control (received no treatment). The pastes were then applied on the tooth surfaces for 28 days. The Vickers microhardness of enamel surfaces was evaluated, and enamel surface morphology was assessed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). RESULTS: X-Ray diffraction pattern (XRD) of the synthesized nBG show its crystalline nature with the Larnite crystalline mode. Transmittance electron microscope (TEM) microimage of the synthesized nBG shows its formation as less that 100 nm spherical nanoparticle with partial agglomeration. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirm the success formation of nBG with high purity. The results of this study showed that microhardness of the experimental groups was significantly higher than the control group (p ≥ 0.05). SEM images showed a layer of hydroxyapatite in the CPP-ACP@nBG, synthetic and commercial CPP-ACP@F remineralized groups. CONCLUSION: The results of this study demonstrated that CPP-ACP@F and CPP-ACP@nBG remineralize the surface of the demineralized enamel. Microhardness of the remineralized enamel in the CPP-ACP@nBG group was higher than synthetic and commercial CPP-ACP@F groups.


Assuntos
Caseínas , Remineralização Dentária , Humanos , Caseínas/farmacologia , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Fosfopeptídeos/farmacologia , Esmalte Dentário , Fluoretos/farmacologia
9.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 40(3): 324-329, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36260475

RESUMO

Background: Dental remineralization is the process of transporting minerals from the surrounding environment (i.e., saliva and biofilm) into partially demineralized tooth structures. Remineralization can be induced by professional therapies such as fluoride-based treatments that have the highest level of supporting evidence. High-intensity LASER and nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma therapy have been known to increase the resistance of enamel to demineralization by surface modification. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the surface remineralization of enamel using ErCr:YSGG LASER and nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma (NTP) activation with three different fluoride varnishes. Methodology: Sixty-eight extracted premolars were used which were sectioned mesiodistally to obtain 135 specimens and artificial caries were induced on the experimental surface. They were then randomly divided into three groups (n = 45): MI Varnish (GC Japan), Vanish Varnish (3M ESPE), and Embrace Varnish (Pulpdent). After varnish application, these groups were further divided into three subgroups based on the activation therapy used. Fifteen samples from each group were treated with ErCr:YSGG LASER, 15 samples with NTP, and 15 samples were the control that did not undergo activation. After 9 days of pH cycling, the mean ion concentration of the surface calcium and phosphate ions was recorded using FEG-SEM and EDX analysis. The data were statistically analyzed. Results: One-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey test accepting P < 0.05 were performed for comparisons between all analyses groups. Vanish Varnish showed a higher Ca/P ratio in LASER, NTP, and control subgroups, followed by MI Varnish and Embrace Varnish. ErCr:YSGG LASER therapy showed an improved Ca/P ratio in all varnishes than NTP therapy and control. Conclusion: ErCr:YSGG LASER therapy showed positive effects toward improving the Ca/P, followed by NTP therapy as compared to control in all three varnishes indicating their role in enhancing the effects of remineralization. Vanish Varnish showed a higher Ca/P ratio indicating better remineralization post activation.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido , Gases em Plasma , Humanos , Fluoretos Tópicos/farmacologia , Fluoretos Tópicos/química , Remineralização Dentária , Gases em Plasma/farmacologia , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Cálcio/farmacologia , Esmalte Dentário , Minerais/farmacologia , Fosfatos/farmacologia
10.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 40(3): 330-337, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36260476

RESUMO

Aim: Demineralization can be arrested or reversed when remineralization agents are applied to incipient carious or noncavitated carious lesions. A large number of therapeutic agents, including nonfluoridated products, have been developed to promote enamel remineralization. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of different remineralizing agents on artificially demineralized enamel lesions. Materials and Methods: The present in vitro study was conducted on 75 sound premolars divided into three groups of normal, demineralized (n = 15 each), and remineralized teeth (n = 45). The remineralized teeth were further subdivided into three groups (n = 15) as remineralized with 2% sodium fluoride (NaF), 2% NaF, and Psoralea corylifolia (bakuchi) and white mineral trioxide aggregate. Specimens of each group were treated with the above-mentioned remineralizing agents and then subjected to Vickers hardness number (VHN), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX), and magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR) for further evaluation. Results: The test results showed significantly the highest VHN and the emission peak of elements under the EDX test, such as calcium, phosphorous, oxygen, and fluorine with remineralized with NaF + bakuchi. MAS-NMR spectra showed fluorine and phosphorous peak in a group with NaF + bakuchi indicative of the increase in remineralization. NaF + bakuchi showed effective results in VHN, SEM-EDX, and MAS-NMR with no antagonist interaction. Conclusion: Thus, P. Corylifolia presents an advantage in enhancing remineralization and inhibiting demineralization for early carious lesions and can be used as a herbal extract for effective reduction in pathogenic bacteria.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Remineralização Dentária , Humanos , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Fluoreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Cálcio/análise , Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Raios X , Flúor/análise , Flúor/uso terapêutico , Esmalte Dentário/química , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/patologia , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Oxigênio
11.
Indian J Dent Res ; 33(2): 188-192, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254958

RESUMO

Aim: To investigate the effects of bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide on the structure of tooth enamel and the role of two remineralizing agents for their potential to remineralize any damaged regions of enamel. Materials and Methods: Freshly extracted 32 mature permanent central incisors were selected and sectioned at the level of the cemento-enamel junction. The teeth were divided into four groups consisting of eight teeth each: No bleaching (control) [Group 1], bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide [Group 2], bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide followed by application of casein phosphopeptide amorphous calcium phosphate fluoride paste [Group 3], and bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide followed by application of xylitol-coated calcium phosphate fluoride varnish [Group 4]. The enamel surfaces were analyzed under the scanning electron microscope and quantitative energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Results: Results were statistically analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's posthoc test. Group 2 revealed changes in enamel surface morphology and a statistically significant decrease in mineral content. Groups 3 and 4 showed statistically significant remineralization potential. Intergroup comparison showed that samples in Group 4 had a higher mineral content compared to Group 3. Conclusions: The application of the tested remineralizing agents following bleaching was effective in repairing the enamel surface morphology with higher efficacy for the fluoride varnish product. Since bleaching regimes with high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide adversely affect the enamel surface, these findings can translate to clinical practice to reduce the long-term damaging effects of tooth bleaching.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Fosfatos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Caseínas/farmacologia , Esmalte Dentário , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Fluoretos Tópicos/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Minerais , Fosfopeptídeos/farmacologia , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Clareadores Dentários/farmacologia , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Xilitol/farmacologia
12.
Microbiome ; 10(1): 159, 2022 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36171634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tooth decay is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide, and efficient tooth brushing with a fluoride-containing dentifrice is considered fundamental to caries prevention. Fluoride-containing dentifrices have been extensively studied in relation to enamel resistance to demineralization. Arginine (Arg) has also been proposed as a promising prebiotic to promote pH buffering through ammonia production. Here, we present the first metagenomic (DNA sequencing of the whole microbial community) and metatranscriptomic (RNAseq of the same community) analyses of human dental plaque to evaluate the effect of brushing with fluoride (Fl) and a Fl+Arg containing dentifrices on oral microbial composition and activity. Fifty-three patients were enrolled in a longitudinal clinical intervention study with two arms, including 26 caries-active and 27 caries-free adults. After a minimum 1-week washout period, dental plaque samples were collected at this post-washout baseline, 3 months after the use of a 1450-ppm fluoride dentifrice, and after 6 months of using a 1450-ppm fluoride with 1.5% arginine dentifrice. RESULTS: There was a shift in both the composition and activity of the plaque microbiome after 3 months of brushing with the fluoride-containing toothpaste compared to the samples collected at the 1-week post-washout period, both for caries-active and caries-free sites. Although several caries-associated bacteria were reduced, there was also an increase in several health- and periodontitis-associated bacteria. Over 400 genes changed proportion in the metagenome, and between 180 and 300 genes changed their expression level depending on whether caries-free or caries-active sites were analyzed. The metagenome and metatranscriptome also changed after the subjects brushed with the Fl+Arg dentifrice. There was a further decrease of both caries- and periodontitis-associated organisms. In both caries-free and caries-active sites, a decrease of genes from the arginine biosynthesis pathway was also observed, in addition to an increase in the expression of genes associated with the arginine deiminase pathway, which catabolizes arginine into ammonia, thereby buffering acidic pH. Bacterial richness and diversity were not affected by either of the two treatments in the two arms of the study. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that long-term use of both assayed dentifrices changes the bacterial composition and functional profiles of human dental plaque towards a healthier microbial community, both in caries-free and caries-active sites. This observation was especially apparent for the Fl+Arg dentifrice. Thus, we conclude that the preventive benefits of tooth brushing go beyond the physical removal of dental plaque and that the active ingredients formulated within dentifrices have a positive effect not only on enamel chemistry but also on the metabolism of oral microbial populations. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Placa Dentária , Dentifrícios , Microbiota , Periodontite , Adulto , Amônia , Arginina/uso terapêutico , Bactérias/genética , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Metagenoma/genética , Microbiota/genética , Fosfatos/uso terapêutico , Remineralização Dentária , Cremes Dentais
13.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 25(9): 1563-1570, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36149220

RESUMO

AIM and Background: The aim of this in-vitro study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of both pure aloe vera and commercially available toothpastes with different fluoride compounds and different fluoride amounts on artificial initial enamel lesions by Vicker's microhardness values. In the study, 72 extracted human molar teeth were divided into mesiodistal and 144 specimens were prepared using the vestibule and palatal/lingual surfaces of the teeth. After the surface treatments and initial microhardness measurements, all the specimens were placed in a demineralizing solution (pH: 4.5) for 7 days, resulting in artificial initial enamel lesion, and were randomly assigned to eight groups (n = 18). After the teeth were subjected to pH cycle for 14 days, microhardness measurements were repeated and the data were recorded. Materials and Methods: Statistical analyzes were performed using MedCalc Statistical Software version 12.7.7. The significance level was determined to be 0.05. Results: In the statistical results, when the microhardness values after demineralization and post-cycle were compared, Groups B1 and A2 showed the lowest values, while Groups A3 and B3 did not show a significant difference in terms of microhardness values after demineralization and post-cycle, and only Group B4 showed statistically significantly higher values. Conclusions: This study emphasized the remineralization effects of fluoride on initial enamel lesions. It can be said that toothpaste containing 1450 ppm fluoride and aloe vera provides an effective remineralization and sodium monofluorophosphate formulation may have a synergistic effect with aloe vera.


Assuntos
Aloe , Cremes Dentais , Esmalte Dentário , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Humanos , Fluoreto de Sódio , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Cremes Dentais/química , Cremes Dentais/farmacologia
14.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 5(8): 3753-3765, 2022 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913850

RESUMO

The erosion of tooth enamel is a common oral disease. The erosion pattern and location and the effects of nanoscale chemical composition on the erosion susceptibility of enamel have been well documented. However, the enamel remineralization accompanied by erosion and its underlying physicochemical mechanisms still remain poorly understood. Here, using rat molars selected for its good relevancy to human teeth, we investigated the remineralization behavior of the outermost enamel surface at the nanoscale level during erosion in diluted hydrochloric acid solutions. While particles on the outermost enamel surface that represent the termination of crystallites protruding to the surface from the near-surface core eroded by acid-attack, the lateral-growth of the particles (i.e., the main remineralization picture of the surface enamel) occurred concurrently. Ionic analyses indicate that the particle growth is driven by the local increase in pH near the eroding enamel surface as a result of the combination of the PO43- and CO32- released from the enamel surface with H+. As the pH increases eventually to the equilibrium pH level (∼5.5), a local supersaturation of solute ions is induced, resulting in particle growth. A simple growth model based on the experimental results together with an assumption that the particle growth is a diffusional process suggests that the particle growth rate is controlled by the degree of supersaturation and accommodation site for solute ions, which are affected by the pH of solution eroding the enamel surface. The remineralization mechanism presented by our study can explain how the enamel on being acid-exposed or tooth decay progress by beverage or food can naturally remineralize in the oral cavity and how remineralization can foster different surface topology at the nanoscale, depending on the pH value of etchant before the dental filling material is applied.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária , Animais , Bebidas , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Ratos , Erosão Dentária/induzido quimicamente , Remineralização Dentária/métodos
15.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 23(5): 520-526, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35986460

RESUMO

AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the remineralization potential of Remin Pro Forte vs Remin Pro remineralizing agents on white spot lesions (WSLs) post-orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with post-orthodontic WSLs were divided into the following two equal groups based on treatment (n = 10): (1) A 3-month program of hydroxyapatite, fluoride, xylitol, ginger, curcuma-containing cream (Remin Pro Forte) as intervention group; (2) A 3-month cream regimen including hydroxyapatite and fluoride, xylitol (Remin Pro) as control group. The main outcomes including caries regression (assessed by ICDAS II), mineral content (assessed by VistaCam iX camera), and color of WSLs (assessed by digital image analysis by Adobe photoshop) were measured at the time of enrollment and 1, 2, and 3 months afterward. Mann-Whitney test used to compare between tested groups. The statistical significance was set at p <0.05. RESULTS: Both Remin Pro Forte and Remin Pro elicited much better caries regression and significantly higher mineral content in WSLs over a 3-month period (p <0.05). However, the difference in mineral content of WSLs between groups did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.414). In both experimental groups, the appearance of WSLs improved significantly (p <0.05). CONCLUSION: Both Remin Pro Forte and Remin Pro were successful in reducing caries, increasing mineral content, and enhancing the appearance of demineralized enamel, indicating that both products could be suggested for post-orthodontic WSL management. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Natural herbal products could be employed as remineralizing agents and included into tooth preventive measures. It is a less harmful alternative to traditional chemical remineralization methods.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Remineralização Dentária , Cariostáticos/farmacologia , Cariostáticos/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hidroxiapatitas/uso terapêutico , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Xilitol/farmacologia , Xilitol/uso terapêutico
16.
Small ; 18(38): e2203644, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35989094

RESUMO

The integrity of collagen matrix structure is a prerequisite for effectively inducing biomimetic remineralization. Repeated low pH stimulation activates matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in dental caries. Activated MMPs cause the breakdown of collagen fibrils. Collagen stabilization is a major obstacle to the clinical application of remineralization templates. Here, galardin-loaded poly(amido amine) (PAMAM)-NGV (PAMAM-NGV@galardin, PNG) is constructed to induce collagen stabilization and dentin biomimetic remineralization simultaneously, in order to combat early caries in dentin. PAMAM acts in the role of nucleation template for dentin remineralization, while galardin acts as the role of MMPs inhibitor. NGV peptides modified on the surface of dendrimer core can form small clusters with synergistic movement in short range, and those short-range clusters can form domain areas with different properties on the surface of PAMAM core and restrict the movement of collagen, favoring collagen crosslinking, which can be explained through the computational simulation analysis results. NGV peptides and galardin show a dual collagen-protective effect, laying the foundation for the dentin remineralization effect induced by PAMAM. PNG induces dentin remineralization in an environment with collagenase, meanwhile showsing anti-dentin caries efficacy in vivo. These findings indicate that PNG has great potential to combat early dentin caries for future clinical application.


Assuntos
Dendrímeros , Cárie Dentária , Aminas , Biomimética , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Colágeno , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Remineralização Dentária/métodos
17.
Indian J Dent Res ; 33(1): 94-99, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946253

RESUMO

Background: Many studies explained the importance of remineralisation of early carious lesions with various remineralising agents. In the present study, we incorporated the remineralising agents in a dentifrice, applied that in artificial enamel caries and evaluated their remineralising potential and compared the efficacy among the three. Aim: To evaluate and compare the remineralisation potential of a dentifrice containing bioactive glass, casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate and novel laboratory synthesised strontiumdoped nanohydroxyapatite paste in artificial enamel caries. Methods and Materials: 120 enamel specimens were divided into 4 groups of 30 specimens each, based on the type of dentifrice applied: GI - conventional toothpaste (control group), GII - calcium sodium phosphosilicate (Novamin), GIII - casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (GC tooth mousse) and GIV- Novel strontiumdoped nanohydroxyapatite paste (SrnHAp paste). Specimens in all the groups were subjected to demineralisation, and calcium/phosphorous ratio was analysed followed by remineralisation and the mean calcium-phosphorus ratio was assessed using a scanning electron microscope and energy dispersing X-ray analysis. Statistical Analysis: Data were analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows Software, version 22 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Descriptive statistics were used to calculate the mean and standard deviation. Kruskal-Wallis, ANOVA and Mann-Whitney tests were used. The level of significance was set at 5%. Results and Conclusion: All except the control group showed a net increase in calcium and phosphorous values after application of the respective remineralising agents in respective groups. Inter-group comparison revealed that Group IV - SrnHAp paste yields higher net calcium and phosphorous values than other groups. Hence, novel SrnHAp can be considered as the material of choice in remineralising early enamel carious lesions.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dentifrícios , Cálcio , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Caseínas/farmacologia , Caseínas/uso terapêutico , Fluoretos , Humanos , Fosfopeptídeos , Estrôncio/uso terapêutico , Remineralização Dentária/métodos
18.
Rev. ADM ; 79(4): 204-208, jul.-ago. 2022. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395675

RESUMO

Introducción: la caries es una enfermedad compleja que afecta a cualquier edad. La prevalencia es mayor en la primera dentición, sobre todo en población con baja percepción económica. El fluoruro diamino de plata (FDP) al 38% ha sido utilizado como una alter- nativa de tratamiento para esta enfermedad. Funciona como una solución remineralizante y cariostática. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto remineralizante del FDP al 38% en dentina afectada por lesiones de caries en molares temporales. Material y métodos: estudio clínico, epidemiológico, descriptivo, longitudinal y experimental. Se llevó a cabo en molares de primera dentición de niños de tres a cinco años de edad. Los niños seleccionados tenían molares con lesiones cariosas dentinarias, Pitts las denomina D3. No se incluyeron niños con dientes que presentaron patologías pulpares irreversibles. La aplicación del FDP al 38% la efectuó un operador entrenado para esta finalidad. Se utilizaron los criterios de Nyvad para determinar el grado de dureza de la dentina y con ello deducir su remineraliza- ción. Se observó la permanencia de la remineralización efectuada por un periodo de cinco meses. Resultado y conclusión: el FDP es un compuesto eficaz en 91% de los casos en un periodo de cinco meses o más (AU)


Introduction: dental caries is a complex disease that affects any age. The prevalence is higher in primary dentition, especially in a population with low economic perception. 38% silver diamine fluoride (FDP) has been used as an alternative treatment for this disease. It works as a remineralizing and cariostatic solution. Objective: to evaluate the remineralizing effect of 38% FDP on dentin affected by dental caries, in temporary molars. Material and methods: clinical, epidemiological, descriptive, longitudinal and experimental study. It was carried out in temporary molars of children between three and five years of age. The selected children presented molars with dental carious lesions, Pitts calls them D3. Children with teeth that presented irreversible pulp pathologies were not included. The application of the FDP to 38% was carried out by an operator trained for this purpose. The Nyvad criteria were used to determine the degree of hardness of the dentin and thereby deduce its remineralization. The permanence of the remineralization carried out was observed for a period of five months. Result and conclusion: the FDP is an effective compound in 91% of the cases, in a period of five months or more (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Dente Decíduo/lesões , Remineralização Dentária/métodos , Compostos de Prata/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Longitudinais , Resultado do Tratamento , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Diaminas/uso terapêutico
19.
Arch Oral Biol ; 142: 105508, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35901595

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the effect of solutions containing fluoride (F) and/or sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) and F/TMP on the inhibition of MMP-2 and MMP-9, and on dentin remineralization in vitro. DESIGN: Bovine root dentin blocks were prepared, and caries-like lesions were induced in two thirds of the surface. Blocks were then randomly divided into 13 groups/solutions (n = 10): Placebo; 0.3 %, 1 % and 3 % NaOH-hydrolyzed TMP; 0.3 %, 1 % and 3 % TMP; 250, 500 and 1100 ppm F; 250 ppm F + 0.3 % TMP; 500 ppm F + 1 % TMP and 1100 ppm F + 3 % TMP. One third of each specimen was treated with the respective solutions in pH-cycling. The mineral concentration (gHAp × cm-3 × µm) was determined by computed X-ray microtomography, and data submitted to ANOVA and Student-Newman-Keuls' test (p < 0.05). The ability of the solutions to inhibit MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity was assessed by zymography. RESULTS: F/TMP association led to less mineral loss in the deeper region of the lesion and reduced the depth of lesions when compared to its counterpart without TMP (p < 0.001). 3 % TMP (hydrolyzed or not), 500 ppm F and 1100 ppm F completely inhibited MMP-2 activity, while for MMP-9 such effects were only achieved by treatment with 1100 ppm F + 3 % TMP. CONCLUSION: Treatment with 1100 ppm F + 3 % TMP fully inhibits the gelatinolytic activity of MMPs-2 and - 9 and shows greater remineralizing capacity in artificial caries lesions in dentin. However, hydrolyzing TMP does not improve its anti-proteolytic activity and its remineralizing capacity.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fluoretos , Animais , Cariostáticos/farmacologia , Bovinos , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Dentina , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Minerais , Fluoreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Remineralização Dentária/métodos
20.
Dent Mater ; 38(9): 1518-1531, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35907751

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The cariogenic biofilm on enamel, restoration, and bonding interface is closely related to dental caries and composite restoration failure. Enamel remineralization at adhesive interface is conducive to protecting bonding interface and inhibiting secondary caries. This study intended to assess the remineralization efficiency of adhesive with dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) and nanoparticles of amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP) on initial caries lesion of biofilm-coated enamel. METHODS: Artificial initial carious lesion was created via 72-hour immersion in demineralization solution and cariogenic biofilm was formed after 24-hour culture of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). Specimens were then divided into 4 groups: enamel control, enamel treated with NACP, DMAHDM and NACP+DMAHDM respectively. Samples next underwent 7-day cycling, 4 h in BHIS (brain heart infusion broth containing 1 % sucrose) and 20 h in AS (artificial saliva) per day. The pH of BHIS was tested daily. So did the concentration of calcium and phosphate in BHIS and AS. Live/dead staining, colony-forming unit (CFU) count, and lactic acid production of biofilms were measured 7 days later. The enamel remineralization efficiency was evaluated by microhardness testing and transverse microradiography (TMR) quantitatively. RESULTS: Enamel of NACP+DMAHDM group demonstrated excellent remineralization effectiveness. And the NACP+DMAHDM adhesive released a great number of Ca2+ and PO43- ions, increased pH to 5.81 via acid neutralization, decreased production of lactic acid, and reduced CFU count of S. mutans (P < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: The NACP+DMAHDM adhesive would be applicable to preventing secondary caries, strengthening enamel-adhesive interface, and extending the lifespan of composite restoration.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Nanopartículas , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Fosfatos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cimentos Dentários/farmacologia , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Ácido Láctico , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Metilaminas , Streptococcus mutans , Remineralização Dentária
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...