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1.
Environ Int ; 189: 108785, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823155

RESUMO

Sex and thyroid hormones are critical for male reproductive health. However, the associations between haloacetic acid (HAA) exposure - a known endocrine disruptor - and sex and thyroid hormones in humans remains unclear. We thus recruited 502 male participants seeking fertility evaluation from a reproductive center. We measured concentrations of sex and thyroid hormones in a single blood sample and dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) in repeated urine samples. Multivariable linear regression models were constructed to evaluate the associations between HAA concentrations and hormone measurements. After adjusting for potential confounders and urinary creatinine concentrations, urinary concentrations of TCAA were inversely associated with serum levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), testosterone (T), T/luteinizing hormone ratio (T/LH), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) (all P for trend < 0.10). Compared with participants in the lowest quartile of TCAA concentrations, those in the highest quartile had reduced serum levels of SHGB by 14.2 % (95% CI: -26.7, -3.0 %), T by 11.1 % (95% CI: -21.7, -1.3 %), T/LH by 21.0 % (95% CI: -36.7, -7.1 %), and TSH by 19.1 % (95% CI: -39.7, -1.5 %). Additionally, we observed inverse associations between continuous measurements of urinary HAAs and serum levels of free T, bioactive T, and estradiol. Our findings suggest that male HAA exposure may be associated with disrupted sex and thyroid function.


Assuntos
Hormônios Tireóideos , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue , Testosterona/sangue , Testosterona/urina , Disruptores Endócrinos/urina , Disruptores Endócrinos/sangue , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/análise , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem , Ácido Tricloroacético/urina , Ácido Tricloroacético/sangue , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Tireotropina/sangue , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/urina , Acetatos
2.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2820: 41-47, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38941013

RESUMO

The proteomic approach plays a key role to characterize a biological system at any given time. In recent years, advances in proteomics have led to an increasing application in all biological fields, including plant matrices and associated microbiome studies. However, extracting adequate protein samples remains the most critical step for any plant proteomics study. The protein extraction protocols proposed for the phyllosphere involve an initial leaf washing step; however, this is an approach only applicable if interest is restricted to epiphytes. A metaproteomic approach is required to obtain an overall picture and consequently an extraction that considers proteins derived from the plant, epiphytic and endophytic microorganisms. The most commonly used extractions for plant tissue involve the use of phenol or TCA-acetone. However, for efficient protein recovery is essential to remove interfering components abundant in plant tissues, such as polysaccharides, lipids, and phenolic compounds. A well-proven protocol on the basis of a combination of TCA-acetone and phenol extraction is presented here, obtaining some cleaned protein pellets, suitable for electrophoresis and subsequent proteomics studies. Important points for the success of this protocol are (i) a proper sampling and sample preparation, (ii) maintaining samples at a low temperature during extraction and using protease inhibitors, (iii) an initial step in TCA-acetone to remove part of the interfering substances, and (iv) careful recovery of the phenolic phase. Furthermore, the protocol is timesaving and can be completed in one working day.


Assuntos
Folhas de Planta , Proteínas de Plantas , Proteômica , Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/química , Acetona/química , Fenol/química , Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas/química , Ácido Tricloroacético/química
4.
Dermatol Surg ; 50(5): 467-470, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Improving the appearance of lentigines on the hands is a key component to hand rejuvenation. Soft tissue fillers revolumize hands, but do not address pigmentary changes. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effiacy of a 15% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) + 3% glycolic acid (GA) combination peel in improvement of appearance of hand lentigines. METHODS: A prospective evaluator-blinded, split-hand study was performed using a 15% TCA + 3% GA peel to treat patients with hand lentigines. Subjects received a total of 3 treatments at 4-week intervals on 1 hand, with the other hand serving as an untreated control. Final photographs were taken 12 weeks after the last treatment. Two blinded board-certified dermatologists graded improvement in hand lentigines using a 5-point scale. RESULTS: Eighteen of 20 patients completed the study (90%). The mean age was 64.4 years (SE 1.6, range 51-71). The mean pain scores were 3.8 (SE 0.4) on a 10-point scale (1 = no pain, 10 = extremely painful). Blinded evaluators correctly identified the after-treatment photographs in 16 patients (88%). Physician and patient-graded mean improvement of lentigines was significant for treated versus control hands ( p < .01). No adverse events were noted. CONCLUSION: A series of three 15% TCA + 3% GA peels are effective and safe in the treatment of hand lentigines.


Assuntos
Abrasão Química , Glicolatos , Ácido Tricloroacético , Humanos , Ácido Tricloroacético/administração & dosagem , Ácido Tricloroacético/efeitos adversos , Glicolatos/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Abrasão Química/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Idoso , Feminino , Masculino , Lentigo/tratamento farmacológico , Método Simples-Cego , Mãos , Ceratolíticos/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Dermatol Surg ; 50(4): 366-371, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38416809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Melasma is a common pigmentary condition that affects the patients' quality of life and all the prescribed treatment options till now are not satisfactory, especially in dark-skinned patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of systemic metformin (1,000 mg and 500 mg) combined with trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peeling versus TCA alone in the treatment of melasma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 60 melasma patients divided into 3 groups: Group A received systemic metformin (1000 mg/d), Group B received systemic metformin (500 mg/d) and Group C received placebo. The 3 treatment groups were treated by TCA 25% over the whole face bimonthly for a total of 6 sessions. Melasma area and severity index (MASI), and Melasma impact Quality of life Scale (MELASQOL) were used to assess the outcome. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant decrease in the MASI, and the MELASQOL in the 3 studied groups after treatment with significantly better improvement in Group (A) than Group (C) ( p = .045). CONCLUSION: Systemic metformin is a safe and promising therapeutic option for treating melasma.


Assuntos
Abrasão Química , Melanose , Humanos , Abrasão Química/efeitos adversos , Melanose/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido Tricloroacético
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 468: 133796, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377905

RESUMO

Haloacetic acids (HAAs) are ubiquitous in drinking water and have been associated with impaired male reproductive health. However, epidemiological evidence exploring the associations between HAA exposure and reproductive hormones among males is scarce. In the current study, the urinary concentrations of dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA), the internal exposure markers of HAAs, as well as sex hormones (testosterone [T], progesterone [P], and estradiol [E2]) were measured among 449 Chinese men. Moreover, in vitro experiments, designed to simulate the real-world scenarios of human exposure, were conducted to assess testosterone synthesis in the Leydig cell line MLTC-1 and testosterone metabolism in the hepatic cell line HepG2 in response to low-dose HAA exposure. The DCAA and TCAA urinary concentrations were found to be positively associated with urinary T, P, and E2 levels (all p < 0.001), but negatively associated with the ratio of urinary T to E2 (p < 0.05). Combined with in vitro experiments, the results suggest that environmentally-relevant doses of HAA stimulate sex hormone synthesis and steroidogenesis pathway gene expression in MLTC-1 cells. In addition, the inhibition of the key gene CYP3A4 involved in the testosterone phase Ⅰ catabolism, and induction of the gene UGT2B15 involved in testosterone phase Ⅱ glucuronide conjugation metabolism along with the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport genes (ABCC4 and ABCG2) in HepG2 cells could play a role in elevation of urinary hormone excretion upon low-dose exposure to HAAs. Our novel findings highlight that exposure to HAAs at environmentally-relevant concentrations is associated with increased synthesis and excretion of sex hormones in males, which potentially provides an alternative approach involving urinary hormones for the noninvasive evaluation of male reproductive health following exposure to DBPs.


Assuntos
Desinfecção , Água Potável , Humanos , Masculino , Ácido Tricloroacético/toxicidade , Ácido Dicloroacético/análise , Ácido Dicloroacético/urina , Esteroides , Testosterona
8.
Environ Pollut ; 346: 123536, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365079

RESUMO

The increasing demand for trichloroisocyanuric acid (TCCA) in swimming pool disinfection highlights the need to evaluate its applicability in terms of disinfection by-product (DBP) formation. Nevertheless, there is limited understanding of DBP formation and control during TCCA disinfection, particularly concerning the effects of various management parameters. This study aimed to fill this knowledge gap by comprehensively investigating DBP formation during TCCA chlorination, with a particular focus on assessing the contribution and interaction of influencing factors using Box-Behnken Design and response surface methodology. Results indicated that the concentrations of trichloroacetaldehyde, chloroform, dichloroacetic acid, trichloroacetic acid, and dichloroacetonitrile produced by TCCA disinfectant were 42.5%, 74.0%, 48.1%, 94.7% and 42.6% of those by the conventional sodium hypochlorite disinfectant, respectively. Temperature exhibited the most significant impact on chloroform formation (49%), while pH played a major role in trichloroacetaldehyde formation (44%). pH2 emerged as the primary contributor to dichloroacetic acid (90%) and trichloroacetic acid (93%) formation. The optimum water quality conditions were determined based on the minimum total DBPs (pH = 7.32, Temperature = 23.7 °C, [Cl-] = 437 mg/L). Chlorine dosage and contact time exhibited greater influence than precursor concentration on chloroform, dichloroacetonitrile, trichloroacetaldehyde, trichloroacetic acid, and total DBPs. Although the interaction between water quality parameters was weak, the interaction between disinfection operating parameters demonstrated substantial effects on DBP formation (8.56-19.06%). Furthermore, the DBP predictive models during TCCA disinfection were provided for the first time, which provides valuable insights for DBP control and early warning programs.


Assuntos
Acetonitrilas , Hidrato de Cloral/análogos & derivados , Desinfetantes , Piscinas , Triazinas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Desinfecção/métodos , Clorofórmio , Ácido Tricloroacético , Trialometanos/análise , Cloro , Halogenação , Purificação da Água/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
9.
Infect Dis (Lond) ; 56(4): 299-307, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38217494

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare trichloroacetic acid (TCA) versus electrocautery (ECA) for the treatment of anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL). METHODS: This is an observational, single-center study. All subjects with HIV who had anal HSIL treated with TCA or ECA from 2010 to 2022 were included. Effectiveness was evaluated by on-treatment analysis, defining response as the resolution of HSIL and recurrence as a new diagnosis of HSILs during follow-up. A propensity score analysis was used to adjust for confounding factors. RESULTS: In total, 227 and 260 HSIL episodes were treated with ECA and TCA, respectively. Response was observed in 61.7% (95% CI: 55.3-68) of cases treated with ECA and in 73.1% (95% CI: 67.8-78.5) with TCA (p = .004). The effectiveness of TCA was higher in large and multifocal HSILs. Side effects were common with both treatments, but no serious events were described. Tolerability was good in 77.1% and 80.7% of patients treated with ECA and TCA, respectively. At 24 months, recurrent HSIL were observed in 36.3% (95% CI: 27.3-45) and 28% (95% CI: 20.2-35.8) in the ECA and TCA groups (p = .049). A nadir CD4 cell count ≤200 cells/µl was found to be a risk factor for recurrence (OR: 1.77; 95% CI: 1.12-2.78). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, treatment with TCA showed high effectiveness, low recurrence and good tolerability. Considering the benefits of TCA, it could be considered one of the first-line treatments for anal HSIL.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Ânus , Infecções por HIV , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas , Humanos , Masculino , Ácido Tricloroacético/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Ânus/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Ânus/patologia , Eletrocoagulação , Homossexualidade Masculina
10.
J Hazard Mater ; 466: 133035, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38266585

RESUMO

Dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) are two typical non-volatile disinfection by-products (DBPs) found in drinking water. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that they show reproductive toxicity. However, whether they might have endocrine disrupting properties remains largely unknown. To discover this, we treated male mice or pregnant mice with 0, 1-, 102-, 103-, 104-, or 5 × 104-fold maximal concentration level (MCL) of DCAA or TCAA in drinking water. In male mice, the levels of testosterone in serum and androgen receptor (AR) in testis were declined with ≥ 103-fold MCL of DCAA (26.4 mg/kg/d) or TCAA (52.7 mg/kg/d). In pregnant mice, miscarriage rates were increased with ≥ 104-fold MCL of DCAA (264 mg/kg/d) or ≥ 103-fold MCL of TCAA. The levels of FSH in serum were increased and those of estradiol and progesterone were reduced with ≥ 103-fold MCL of DCAA or TCAA. The protein levels of estrogen receptors (ERα and ERß) in ovary were reduced with ≥ 102-fold MCL of DCAA (2.64 mg/kg/d) or TCAA (5.27 mg/kg/d). Exposure to some certain fold MCL of DCAA or TCAA also altered the protein levels of ERα and ERß in uterus and placenta. Exposure to 5 × 104-fold MCL of both DCAA and TCAA showed the combined effects. Therefore, both DCAA and TCAA could be considered as novel reproductive endocrine disrupting chemicals, which might be helpful for further assessment of the toxicological effects of DCAA and TCAA and the awareness of reproductive endocrine disrupting properties caused by DCAA and TCAA in drinking water.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Disruptores Endócrinos , Gravidez , Feminino , Masculino , Animais , Camundongos , Água Potável/química , Desinfecção , Ácido Dicloroacético/análise , Ácido Tricloroacético/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio , Receptor beta de Estrogênio
11.
Environ Res ; 248: 118312, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38295971

RESUMO

Overuse of chlorinated disinfectants leads to a significant accumulation of disinfection by-products. Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) is a typical carcinogenic disinfection by-product. The efficacy of the conventional degradation process is reduced by the complex nature of its structure, causing a yearly increase in its prevalence within the ecological environment and consequent infliction of significant harm. In this paper, TCA was chosen as the research subject, Fe/Ni bimetallic nanoparticles were employed as the reducing catalyst, ZIF-8@HMON as the catalytic carrier combined with Fe/Ni nanoparticles, and peroxymonosulfate (PMS) was introduced to construct the reducing-advanced oxidation synergistic system and investigated the effect of this system on the degradation performance and degradation pathway of TCA. Various characterization techniques, including TEM, SEM, XRD, FT-IR, XPS, BET, were employed to investigate the morphology, element composition and structure of composite materials analysis. Moreover, the conditions for TCA degradation can be optimized by changing the experimental environment. The results showed that 25 mg of composite catalyst (mole ratio Fe: Ni = 1:1) and 10 mg of PMS effectively degraded TCA within 20-80 mg/L range at pH = 3 and 55 °C, achieving maximum degradation within 20 min. Finally, the potential pathways of TCA degradation were analyzed using EPR and LC-MS, and the corresponding reaction mechanisms were proposed.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Ácido Tricloroacético , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Peróxidos/química , Nanopartículas/química
12.
Mycoses ; 67(1): e13690, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38214347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of onychomycosis is still challenging and warrants the development of new treatment strategies. Different trials were conducted to increase the penetration and efficacy of topical antifungals aiming at finding an alternative treatment especially when systemic antifungals are contraindicated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) 100% either alone or combined with topical tioconazole 28% versus itraconazole pulse therapy in the treatment of onychomycosis. PATIENTS/METHODS: Forty-five patients with onychomycosis were divided into three groups: group (A) treated by topical TCA 100% for 12 sessions, group (B) treated by TCA 100% for 12 sessions combined with topical tioconazole 28% for 18 weeks and group (C) treated by itraconazole (400 mg/day for 1 week/month for 4 months). RESULTS: TCA 100% combined with topical tioconazole 28% showed the highest therapeutic response; however, the difference between the groups was statistically insignificant. Mycological cure (negative culture) was reported in 66.7% of group B versus 60% of group A and 40% of group C at the 20 week. CONCLUSIONS: TCA 100% is an effective and safe treatment option for onychomycosis especially when combined with antifungals. This modality is promising in the treatment of onychomycosis especially with the increased resistance to different antifungals.


Assuntos
Dermatoses do Pé , Imidazóis , Onicomicose , Humanos , Itraconazol/uso terapêutico , Onicomicose/tratamento farmacológico , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Ácido Tricloroacético/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Dermatoses do Pé/tratamento farmacológico
13.
J Pediatr Surg ; 59(4): 678-683, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37978000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula (rTEF) is a well-known complication after surgery of EA, occurring in roughly 3-10% of the patients. Recent studies have highlighted safety and efficacy of endoscopic management of recurrent TEF. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of chemocauterization with trichloroacetic acid (TCA) in rTEF and congenital tracheoesophageal fistula (cTEF). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of consecutive patients with recurrent or congenital TEF who underwent endoscopic chemo-cauterization between 2018 and 2022 at a tertiary center. Children diagnosed with TEF who underwent primary or secondary endoscopic treatment were included. Median follow up time was 19 months for rTEF and 33 months for cTEF. RESULTS: During the study period, 18 patients were treated endoscopically by chemocatuerization with TCA at our institution. Treatment of recurrent TEF was successful in 13 of 14 patients (93%) Treatment of congenital TEF was successful in 2 of 4 patients (50%). In 14 patients, closure was seen after 1-2 treatments. There were no serious adverse reactions or complications to the endoscopic treatment of TEF. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic chemocauterization is a minimal invasive technique with low morbidity and high success rate and may be considered as primary treatment for recurrent TEF. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.


Assuntos
Atresia Esofágica , Fístula Traqueoesofágica , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Fístula Traqueoesofágica/cirurgia , Fístula Traqueoesofágica/complicações , Atresia Esofágica/cirurgia , Atresia Esofágica/complicações , Ácido Tricloroacético/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Cauterização/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 912: 168729, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38007137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Disinfection byproducts (DBPs) as ovarian toxicants have been documented in toxicological studies. However, no human studies have explored the effects of exposure to DBPs on diminished ovarian reserve (DOR). OBJECTIVE: To assess whether urinary biomarkers of exposure to drinking-water DBPs were associated with DOR risk. METHODS: A total of 311 women undergoing assisted reproductive technology were diagnosed with DOR in the Tongji Reproductive and Environmental (TREE) cohort from December 2018 to August 2021. The cases were matched to the controls with normal ovarian reserve function by age in a ratio of 1:1. Urinary trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) and dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) were quantified as biomarkers of drinking-water DBP exposures. The conditional logistic regression and restricted cubic spline (RCS) were used to explore urinary biomarkers of drinking-water DBP exposures in associations with the risk of DOR. RESULTS: Elevated urinary DCAA levels were associated with higher DOR risk [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.87; 95 % confidence interval (CI): 1.16, 3.03 for the highest vs. lowest quartiles; P for trend = 0.016]. The association was confirmed in the RCS model, with a linear dose-response curve (P for overall association = 0.029 and P for non-linear association = 0.708). The subgroup analysis by age and body mass index (BMI) showed that urinary DCAA in association with DOR risk was observed among women ≥35 years old and leaner women (BMI < 24 kg/m2), but the group differences were not statistically significant. Moreover, a U-shaped dose-response curve between urinary TCAA and DOR risk was estimated in the RCS model (P for overall association = 0.011 and P for non-linear association = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to drinking-water DBPs may contribute to the risk of DOR among women undergoing assisted reproductive technology.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Reserva Ovariana , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Desinfecção , Água Potável/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Biomarcadores/urina , Ácido Tricloroacético/análise , Ácido Dicloroacético/análise
16.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 269: 115741, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38029584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have shown that disinfection byproducts (DBPs) induce coagulotoxicity, but human evidence is scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the relationships of DBP exposures with blood coagulation parameters. METHODS: Among 858 women from the Tongji Reproductive and Environmental (TREE) study, urinary dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) were detected as internal biomarkers of DBP exposures. We measured activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (Fbg), international normalized ratio (INR), prothrombin time (PT), and thrombin time (TT) as blood coagulation parameters. Multivariable linear regression models were utilized to estimate the relationships between urinary DCAA and TCAA and blood coagulation parameters. The effect modifications by demographic and lifestyle characteristics were further explored. RESULTS: Elevated tertiles of urinary DCAA concentrations were associated with increased PT and INR (11.29%, 95% CI: 1.66%, 20.92% and 0.99%, 95% CI: 0.08%, 1.90% for the third vs. first tertile, respectively; both P for trends < 0.05). Stratification analysis showed that the positive associations were only observed among younger (< 30 years), leaner (body mass index < 24.0 kg/m2), and non-passive smoking women. Moreover, elevated tertiles of urinary TCAA concentrations in positive associations with PT and INR were observed among younger women (17.89%, 95% CI: 2.50%, 33.29% and 1.82%, 95% CI: 0.34%, 3.30% for the third vs. first tertile, respectively; both P for trends < 0.05) but not among older women (both P for interactions < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Higher levels of urinary DCAA and TCAA are associated with prolonged clotting time among women.


Assuntos
Desinfecção , Reprodução , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Desinfecção/métodos , Coagulação Sanguínea , Ácido Tricloroacético/urina , Biomarcadores/urina , Ácido Dicloroacético/urina
17.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(4): 5100-5115, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38110686

RESUMO

Disinfection by-products (DBPs) are a concern due to their presence in chlorinated wastewater, sewage treatment plant discharge, and surface water, and their potential for environmental toxicity. Despite some attention to their ecotoxicity, little is known about the phytotoxicity of DBPs. This study aimed to evaluate the individual and combined phytotoxicity of four trihalomethanes (THMs: trichloromethane (TCM), bromodichloromethane (BDCM), dibromochloromethane (DBCM), and tribromomethane (TBM) and their mixture (THM4)), and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) using genotoxic and cytotoxic assays. The analysis included seed germination tests using Vigna radiata and root growth tests, mitosis studies, oxidative stress response, chromosomal aberrations (CA), and DNA laddering using Allium cepa. The results showed a progressive increase in root growth inhibition for both plant species as the concentration of DBPs increased. High concentrations of mixtures of four THMs resulted in significant (p < 0.05) antagonistic interactions. The effective concentration (EC50) value for V. radiata was 5655, 3145, 2690, 1465, 3570, and 725 mg/L for TCM, BDCM, DBCM, TBM, THM4, and TCAA, respectively. For A. cepa, the EC50 for the same contaminants was 700, 400, 350, 250, 450, and 105 mg/L, respectively. DBP cytotoxicity was observed through CAs, including C-metaphase, unseparated anaphase, lagging chromosome, sticky metaphase, and bridging. Mitotic depression (MD) increased with dose, reaching up to 54.4% for TCAA (50-500 mg/L). The electrophoresis assay showed DNA fragmentation and shearing, suggesting genotoxicity for some DBPs. The order of phytotoxicity for the tested DBPs was TCAA > TBM > DBCM > BDCM > THM4 > TCM. These findings underscore the need for further research on the phytotoxicity of DBPs, especially given their common use in agricultural practices such as irrigation and the use of sludge as manure.


Assuntos
Vigna , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Ácido Tricloroacético/toxicidade , Cebolas , Trialometanos/toxicidade , Desinfecção/métodos , Clorofórmio , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
18.
Environ Res ; 244: 117925, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38103773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Disinfection byproducts (DBPs), the ubiquitous contaminants in drinking water, have been shown to impair renal function in experimental studies. However, epidemiological evidence is sparse. OBJECTIVE: To investigate exposures to DBPs in associations with renal function among women. METHODS: A total of 920 women from December 2018 to January 2020 were abstracted from the Tongji Reproductive and Environmental (TREE) Study, an ongoing cohort study in Wuhan, China. Urine samples were gathered at baseline recruitment and analyzed for dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) as biomarkers of DBP exposures. Serum uric acid (UA), creatinine, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were measured as indicators of renal function. Multivariate linear regression and restricted cubic spline (RCS) models were conducted to assess urinary DCAA and TCAA concentrations in associations with renal function indicators. Stratified analyses by age and body mass index (BMI) were also performed. RESULTS: We found null evidence of urinary TCAA in associations with renal function indicators. However, elevated urinary DCAA tertiles were related to decreased eGFR (ß = -1.78%, 95% CI: 3.21%, -0.36%, comparing the upper vs. lower tertile; P for trend = 0.01). This inverse association still existed when urinary DCAA concentration was treated as a continuous variable, and the dose-response relationship was linear based on the RCS model (P for overall association = 0.002 and P for non-linear associations = 0.44). In the stratified analyses, we found an association of urinary DCAA concentration with decreased UA level among women <30 years but an association with increased UA level among women ≥30 years (P for interaction = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Urinary DCAA but not TCAA was associated with impaired renal function among women undergoing assisted reproductive technology.


Assuntos
Desinfecção , Água Potável , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , Ácido Úrico , Ácido Tricloroacético/urina , China/epidemiologia , Ácido Dicloroacético/urina , Rim
20.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 22(12): 1204-1209, 2023 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38051835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With intrinsic aging, the epidermis becomes thinner and fine wrinkles appear. Extrinsic aging, or photoaging, is characterized by deep wrinkles, skin laxity, and hyperpigmentation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a novel combination serum with retinol, hyaluronic acid, and trichloroacetic acid (Test Product) for the improvement of aged facial skin. METHODS: Female subjects (n=22) enrolled in the single-site, open-label, pilot study. Subjects had mild to moderate fine lines and wrinkles and mild to moderate photodamage. Subjects applied the Test Product, cleanser, and moisturizer-sunscreen combo once daily to the face during the 12-week study. Radiance, skin tone, skin smoothness, skin texture, red/blotchy, dryness, overall appearance, skin quality, and tolerance were evaluated at each visit. RESULTS: Skin radiance, tone, smoothness, texture, and overall appearance improved significantly with continued use of the Test Product up to week 12. Subjective improvement was significant for texture, tone, glow, smoothness, youthful appearance, pores, and satisfaction. More than half of subjects showed improvement in skin elasticity, redness/broken capillaries, and dryness. The treatment was well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: The combination serum with retinol, hyaluronic acid, and trichloroacetic acid has been shown to improve aged facial skin and is well tolerated when used daily for up to week 12. J Drugs Dermatol. 2023;22(12):1204-1209. doi:10.36849/JDD.6835.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento da Pele , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Projetos Piloto , Ácido Tricloroacético/efeitos adversos , Vitamina A , Administração Cutânea , Ácido Hialurônico/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Niacinamida
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