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1.
Zootaxa ; 5071(2): 253-270, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34810669

RESUMO

In preparation for a general account of the Trinidad and Tobago Arctiini, the following taxonomic changes are made and justification provided. A lectotype is designated for Castrica sordidior Rothschild, 1909. Castrica oweni Schaus, 1896, stat rev. is returned to species rank. The following new synonyms are established: Castrica sordidior Rothschild, 1909 syn. nov. of Castrica oweni Schaus, 1896; Automolis nigroapicalis Gaede, 1923, Automolis semicostalis Rothschild, 1909, Automolis alboatra Rothschild, 1909, Automolis alboatra borussica Seitz, 1922, Sallaea unifascia Druce, 1899, Automolis hamifera Dognin, 1907, and Automolis apicata Schaus, 1905 syn. nov. of Pryteria costata Mschler, 1883; and Sphinx Adfeit. psamas Cramer, [1779] syn. nov. of Phalaena Noctua onytes Cramer, [1777]. Virbia birchi Druce, 1911 is confirmed to be a synonym of Phalaena medarda Stoll, [1781]. Pryteria tenuis (Rothschild, 1935) stat. nov. and P. intensa (Rothschild, 1935) stat. nov. are raised to species level pending clarification of the genus Pryteria in Central America.


Assuntos
Mariposas , Animais , Trinidad e Tobago
2.
Zootaxa ; 5020(2): 307-327, 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34811000

RESUMO

In preparation for a general account of the Notodontidae of Trinidad and Tobago, the following taxonomic acts are required. Apella [sic] ovalis Rothschild, 1917 (Notodontidae) is transferred to the combination Lephana ovalis (Rothschild) comb. nov. (Erebidae, Anobinae). Crinodes insularis Rothschild, 1917 stat. nov. is removed from synonymy with C. fuscipennis Rothschild, 1917. Oligocentria brunnipennis Kaye, 1923 stat rev. is reinstated as a valid species. The following are new synonyms: Anoba suffusa Hampson, 1924 syn. nov. of Lephana muffula Guene, 1852 (Erebidae, Anobinae); Farigia xenopithia Druce, 1911 syn. nov. of F. magniplaga Schaus, 1905; Oligocentria guianensis Thiaucourt, 2015 syn. nov. of Oligocentria brunnipennis Kaye, 1923; Skaphita aroensis (Schaus, 1901) and S. sexnotata (Kaye, 1925) syn. nov. of S. cubana (Grote, 1865). The holotype of S. kalodonta (Kaye, 1923) is recognised. Skaphita indirae sp. nov. is described from Trinidad.


Assuntos
Mariposas , Animais , Trinidad e Tobago
3.
Occup Ther Int ; 2021: 9970566, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729058

RESUMO

In Trinidad and Tobago, occupational therapy is an emerging profession with limitations in the number of practitioners and the scope of practice. With the development of a new Master of Science Occupational Therapy programme in the country, the profession is continuously growing. There has been an increased demand for culturally relevant research to build the occupational therapy evidence base locally. However, the narrow range of occupational therapy literature in the country makes it difficult to highlight research gaps and decipher what research areas should be prioritised to best impact occupational therapy practice at present. This group concept mapping study is aimed at identifying priority areas for occupational therapy research in Trinidad and Tobago from the perspectives of occupational therapy students and practitioners. Participants brainstormed and contributed specific research ideas they would like to see developed in the country. Individually, participants sorted these ideas into themes and rated each idea based on perceived importance and feasibility. Using the GroupWisdom™ software, multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analyses were applied to the sort data to create idea clusters within a concept map. Rating values were analysed to determine priority research themes within the concept map. The resulting concept map illustrated seven research priorities: Contextualising Practitioner Development, The Realities of Emerging OT Practice, Localising Mental Health OT, Occupation and Participation of Children and Youth, School-based OT in the Local Context, OT with Special Populations, and OT Contributions to the Public Health Sector. These findings represent the research needs of the occupational therapy profession in Trinidad and Tobago and will help to focus future researchers' efforts to expand the local evidence base.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Adolescente , Criança , Análise por Conglomerados , Humanos , Ocupações , Pesquisa , Trinidad e Tobago
4.
Port-of-Spain; PAHO; 2021-10-04. (PAHO/TTO/21-0002).
Não convencional em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-54949

RESUMO

Founded in 1902 as the independent specialized health agency of the inter-American system, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has developed recognized competence and expertise, providing technical cooperation to its Member States to fight communicable and noncommunicable diseases and their causes, to strengthen health systems, and to respond to emergencies and disasters throughout the Region of the Americas. In addition, acting in its capacity as the World Health Organization’s Regional Office, PAHO participates actively in the United Nations Country Team, collaborating with other agencies, the funds and programs of the United Nations system to contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at country level. This 2020 annual report reflects PAHO’s technical cooperation in the country for the period, implementing the Country Cooperation Strategy, responding to the needs and priorities of the country, and operating within the framework of the Organization’s regional and global mandates and the SDGs. Under the overarching theme of Universal Health and the Pandemic – Resilient Health Systems, it highlights PAHO’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic as well as its continuing efforts in priority areas such as communicable diseases, noncommunicable diseases, mental health, health throughout the life course, and health emergencies. It also provides a financial summary for the year under review.


Assuntos
Cooperação Técnica , Prioridades em Saúde , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Sistemas de Saúde , Acesso Universal aos Serviços de Saúde , Cobertura Universal de Saúde , Doenças Transmissíveis , Doenças não Transmissíveis , Fatores de Risco , Saúde Mental , Administração Financeira , Região do Caribe , Trinidad e Tobago
5.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e248493, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495164

RESUMO

Parasites of veterinary importance have been heavily focused on domesticated livestock that was introduced into the neo-tropics. The text used in the teaching parasitology to veterinary students in Trinidad has only investigated the parasites of domesticated species. In the reviewed veterinary parasitology text no mention was made on the parasites that affect wild neo-tropical animals. Information on wild neo-tropical animals had to be sourced from texts on the management of wild life animals in the Neotropics. The texts that were reviewed in this document spanned from the mid-1950s to 2020. The information presented in this review reveals the exhaustive work done on the parasites of domesticated species but also revealed little information on neo-tropical animals with the potential for domestication. In conclusion, this review reveals the gap of information that is missing from parasitology texts used in the teaching of veterinary students. In the future these parasitology texts can be revised to include chapters on the parasites of neo-tropical animals with the potential for domestication. At present students that graduate from the veterinary parasitology course has little information on the parasites of animals which are present in their 'backyards'.


Assuntos
Animais Selvagens , Educação em Veterinária , Animais , Humanos , Faculdades de Medicina Veterinária , Estudantes , Trinidad e Tobago , Universidades
7.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246781, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378685

RESUMO

The agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) is a rodent that is found in the Neo-tropical region. This animal is hunted for its meat but has recently been reared in captivity as a source of meat protein in rural communities. A 20-month experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of an anthelmintic on the reproductive performance of the agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) reared in captivity. This experiment was conducted in the humid tropics of Trinidad and Tobago. Sixteen animals (15 females, 1 male) placed in each of the two treatment groups in a completely randomized study design. In treatment 1 (T1) animals were given subcutaneous injections of Endovet Ces® (Ivermectin/Praziquantel) at 0.2 mg/kg every three months. Treatment 2 (T2) was the negative control group where animals were not exposed to an anthelmintic. Reproductive data were collected at parturition which included birth weight, litter weight, litter size and gender of offspring. The results showed that there was no statistical difference (p > 0.05) between the treatment groups with respect to birth weight, litter weight, litter size and gender. However, agoutis that were dewormed had a higher birth weight (220.24 g vs 209.1 g) and litter weight (369.8 g vs 343 g). The same values were obtained for the litter size (1.7 vs 1.7) and animals that were dewormed had a higher female offspring to male offspring (2.41:1 vs 1.11:1). This experiment demonstrated that the use of an anthelmintic strategically in the management of captive reared agoutis had no statistical effect (p > 0.05) on the reproductive parameters. Therefore, these animals can be kept in captive conditions without being dewormed and produce efficiently with proper feeding and housing management.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos , Dasyproctidae , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Reprodução , Roedores , Trinidad e Tobago
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360314

RESUMO

Globally, the prevalence of diabetes has risen significantly by 62% over the last ten years. A complication of unmanaged diabetes is diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), which adversely affects the quality of life of individuals with diabetes and inflicts a huge economic burden on the family, government, and health care services. However, this complication is preventable with adequate patient knowledge and practice regarding DFU and foot care. The present study was aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude, and practice of adults with diabetes on foot ulcers and foot care in Tobago using a qualitative exploratory design. Purposeful sampling technique was used to recruit 20 participants from the lifestyle and diabetes foot clinics of Scarborough Health Centre, Tobago. Telephone interviews were conducted with the use of a semi-structured interview guide. The data obtained from participants were analyzed using thematic content analysis. Four major themes, namely foot ulcer problems, participants' knowledge on DFU, knowledge on foot care, and practice and attitude of foot care, emerged from the study. The findings from the study revealed that the majority of participants had poor knowledge regarding DFU but exhibited awareness about foot care, especially on foot cleaning and inspection, preventing irritation after washing, appropriate footwear, and not walking barefooted. The participants had good attitudes and practices of foot care despite their poor knowledge of DFU. However, participants reported inadequate health education on DFU and foot care from healthcare personnel. There should be improved health education, information, and communication on DFU and foot care centred and tailored to the understanding of people living with diabetes. This will prevent DFU and reduce the mortality arising from this complication, which is a major target of the sustainable development goals (SDG) in mitigating the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) such as diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Pé Diabético , Adulto , Pé Diabético/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Trinidad e Tobago , Caminhada
9.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e246780, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378684

RESUMO

Anthelmintic drugs have been used strategically in livestock reared in the tropics. These drugs have been used in the treatment of endoparasitism which have resulted in an increase in the animals' performance. The agouti (Dasyprocta leporina) is a neo-tropical rodent with the potential for domestication and has been farmed intensively in Trinidad. However, the objective of this research was to investigate the effect of anthelmintic use of the growth performance of the agouti. In searching the literature, it was found that this type of study on the agouti has not been done. In this experiment fourteen weaned agoutis weighing 1kg were divided into two groups randomly. The first group (T1) was not given any anthelmintic treatment but the second group (T2) was treated with Endovet Ces® subcutaneously every three months. There were no significant differences (p > 0.05) between the two groups in the carcass weight, weight gain, dressing percentage (hot and cold), heart, lungs, skin, head and feet. However, a significant difference (p < 0.05) was seen between groups in the weight of liver and pluck. To the authors knowledge this is the first time that carcass parameters has been presented in literature. The live weight of the animals at the end of the experiment ranged from 2.4 kg to 2.6 kg and animals had a dressing percentage of 57% to 55%. The results are suggestive that the use of anthelmintic drugs in agoutis reared intensively had no significant effect on weight gain and dressing percentage.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos , Cuniculidae , Dasyproctidae , Animais , Roedores , Trinidad e Tobago
11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16584, 2021 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400676

RESUMO

Currently, there are increasing concerns about the possibility of a new epidemic due to emerging reports of Mayaro virus (MAYV) fever outbreaks in areas of South and Central America. Haemagogus mosquitoes, the primary sylvan vectors of MAYV are poorly characterized and a better understanding of the mosquito's viral transmission dynamics and interactions with MAYV and other microorganisms would be important in devising effective control strategies. In this study, a metatranscriptomic based approach was utilized to determine the prevalence of RNA viruses in field-caught mosquitoes morphologically identified as Haemagogus janthinomys from twelve (12) forest locations in Trinidad, West Indies. Known insect specific viruses including the Phasi Charoen-like and Humaiata-Tubiacanga virus dominated the virome of the mosquitoes throughout sampling locations while other viruses such as the avian leukosis virus, MAYV and several unclassified viruses had a narrower distribution. Additionally, assembled contigs from the Ecclesville location suggests the presence of a unique uncharacterized picorna-like virus. Mapping of RNA sequencing reads to reference mitochondrial sequences of potential feeding host animals showed hits against avian and rodent sequences, which putatively adds to the growing body of evidence of a potentially wide feeding host-range for the Haemagogus mosquito vector.


Assuntos
Culicidae/virologia , Vírus de RNA/isolamento & purificação , Viroma , Infecções por Alphavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Alphavirus/virologia , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Aves , Culicidae/microbiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Reservatórios de Doenças/virologia , Geografia Médica , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Insetos Vetores/virologia , Filogenia , Proteobactérias/genética , Vírus de RNA/classificação , Vírus de RNA/genética , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Roedores , Togaviridae/genética , Togaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Trinidad e Tobago/epidemiologia , Viroma/genética
12.
JCO Glob Oncol ; 7: 1206-1208, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314227

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Understanding the distribution of human papilloma virus (HPV) subtypes in limited-resource settings is imperative for cancer prevention strategies in these regions. The objective of our study is to compare the prevalence of cervical HPV genotypes in women across the African diaspora. METHODS: This study was approved by the African Caribbean Consortium (AC3). Six member institutions (Benin, Ethiopia, The Bahamas, Tobago, Curacao, and Jamaica) provided independently collected HPV data. Prevalence comparisons across for each nation were performed followed by an assessment of anticipated 9-valent vaccine coverage. Chi-square or Fisher's exact tests were used with significance at P < .05. RESULTS: One thousand three hundred fifty high-risk (HR) and 584 low-risk (LR) HPV subtypes were identified in the entire cohort. The most common HR HPV subtype was HPV 16 (17.9%) of infections. The distribution of HR and LR subtypes varied by country. The proportion of HR-HPV subtypes covered by the current 9-valent vaccine was lower in African countries compared with the Caribbean countries (47.9% v 67.9%; P < .01). No significant difference was seen for LR subtypes (8.1% African continent v 5.2% Caribbean; P = .20). Marked variation in the proportion of infections covered by the 9-valent vaccine persisted in individual countries. CONCLUSION: Significant variations in HPV prevalence were identified among African and Afro-Caribbean women. A large number of women in these regions are potentially uncovered by current vaccination formulation, particularly low-risk HPV infections.


Assuntos
Alphapapillomavirus , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Bahamas , Benin , Curaçao , Etiópia , Feminino , Genótipo , Migração Humana , Humanos , Jamaica , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Trinidad e Tobago
13.
Mar Environ Res ; 170: 105411, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298264

RESUMO

We detail the benthic compositon of the turbid-water coral reefs of Tobago in 2016 and examine the influence of mass coral bleaching and hydro-geomorphic setting (sheltereted vs. wave-exposed) on benthic community dynamics against the 2007 baseline. In the current assessment mean hard coral cover was 14.83% ± 0.85, which ranged from 2% to 37% with few sites exceeding 20%. Mean macroalgal cover was low (6.04% ± 0.61) with most sites experiencing less than 8% macroalgal cover. Differences in benthic cover between sheltered and wave-exposed settings were mainly driven by contrasts in proportions of sponge, macroalgae and Orbicella faveolata corals. Linear mixed-effects modelling suggests stability in hard coral cover and decline in macroalgal cover across sites against the 2007 baseline. Significant spatio-temporal interactions were observed for soft coral and CTB (crustose coralline algae, turf algae and bare substrate). Overall, hard coral cover appears to have declined at some sites and macroalgal cover to have increased at other, but there is no evidence of widespread regime shift. While the hydro-geomorphic setting had a significant but weak effect (R > 0.3) on observed spatial and temporal patterns, our findings suggest that sheltered settings were less predisposed to macroalgal overgrowth compared to wave-exposed areas. In the era of climate change, targeted management should focus on strategies that mitigate macroalgal overgrowth, promote hard coral stability (or resilience) while preventing further loss.


Assuntos
Antozoários , Alga Marinha , Animais , Recifes de Corais , Trinidad e Tobago , Água
14.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254048, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214140

RESUMO

The close contact between humans and their dogs can lead to the commingling of staphylococci and the exchange of mobile genetic elements encoding antimicrobial resistance. The objectives of this study were to determine the species distribution and antimicrobial resistance patterns of staphylococci colonizing canine pets and their owners in Trinidad. Staphylococci were isolated from canine pets and their owners and identified using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Antimicrobial susceptibilities were determined using the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method against seven classes of antimicrobial agents. A total of 440 staphylococci were isolated from 112 canine pets and their owners, 53.4% were from canine pets and 46.6% were from owners. Twenty-four species were detected, of which, most isolates (32.5%) belonged to the Staphylococcus intermedius group (SIG). S. sciuri was the most common species of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) comprising 22.3% of all isolates. Antimicrobial resistance was highest against commonly used antimicrobials, such as penicillin (51.4%), tetracycline (26.1%) and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (18.6%). These antimicrobials also comprised the most common multidrug resistance (MDR) combination. Overall, 19.1% of isolates displayed multidrug resistance. No methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates were detected. However, methicillin resistance was detected in 13.3% and 15.1% of coagulase-positive staphylococci (CoPS) and the CoNS+CoVS (combined CoNS and coagulase-variable staphylococci) group respectively. The presence of methicillin-resistant staphylococci is worrisome because there is the potential for the transfer of these strains between dogs and humans. These strains may act as a reservoir of resistance genes.


Assuntos
Cães/microbiologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Propriedade , Staphylococcus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Coagulase/metabolismo , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Humanos , Especificidade da Espécie , Trinidad e Tobago
15.
Soc Work Public Health ; 36(5): 558-576, 2021 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182897

RESUMO

The Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020. Trinidad and Tobago reported its first infection on March 12th 2020. This study assessed knowledge, attitudes and practices toward COVID-19 among Trinidadians during the post-lockdown period. A validated questionnaire was used to conduct a cross-sectional survey from May 25th to June 6th 2020.Most respondents (512, 96.6%) knew that COVID-19 is highly infectious. Many (523, 98.7%) identified vulnerable groups as persons 65 years and older and those with preexisting co-morbidities (480, 90.6%). Respondents identified COVID-19 symptoms as fever (498, 94.0%), dry cough (495, 93.4%), myalgia (403, 76.0%) and sore throat (441, 83.2%). Most 504 (95.1%) acknowledged that COVID-19 threatened the country's economy. Dominant practices included regular hand washing (97.2%) and social distancing (512, 96.6%).Health authorities should continue public education efforts to increase knowledge and the adoption of recommended practices.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Quarentena , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trinidad e Tobago/epidemiologia
16.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e237869, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105674

RESUMO

Reproductive diseases have been well documented in domestic livestock such as sheep, goat, cattle and pigs. However, there is very little information on these diseases in the agouti (Dasyprocta leporina). The agouti is used for its meat in South America and the Caribbean. More recently, intensive farming of this animal is being practiced in the Neotropics. There is dearth of information on dystocia and vaginal prolapses in the agouti. This document reports on three cases of reproductive diseases in captive reared agoutis in Trinidad and Tobago. The first case was a female agouti weighing approximately 3 kg that was in the last stage of pregnancy, which was found dead in its cage. The vulva of the mother had the protruding hind-limbs of the fetus. Necroscopic evaluation of carcass revealed little fat tissue and the mother had two fetuses in the right horn of the uterus. Each fetus weighed approximately 200 g. The fetuses were well formed with fur, teeth and eyes. The placenta was attached to each fetus. The pathological findings suggested that dystocia resulted from secondary uterine inertia which was the cause of death of the adult female agouti. The second case was that of an adult female agouti weighing 2.5 kg. This female had given birth to an offspring three weeks prior and was observed to have had a vaginal prolapse. Surgery was performed and the prolapsed vagina was placed back into the pelvic cavity. Further to this intervention, the vagina prolapsed twice. Subsequent to the re-insertion of the vaginal tissue the agouti was euthanized. The third case was also that of a dystocia. However, the fetuses weighed 235 g and 165 g respectively and were in normal presentation, posture and positioning. The fetus however was unable to pass via the vagina and was trapped in the pelvic cavity. This caused secondary uterine inertia which was the cause of death. The causes of reproductive diseases in these cases are unknown but the feeding management and space allowance given to the agouti in late gestation may be contributing factors.


Assuntos
Dasyproctidae , Animais , Região do Caribe , Bovinos , Feminino , Gravidez , Ovinos , América do Sul , Suínos , Trinidad e Tobago
17.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0252997, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185784

RESUMO

Dengue, Zika, chikungunya and yellow fever viruses continue to be a major public health burden. Aedes mosquitoes, the primary vectors responsible for transmitting these viral pathogens, continue to flourish due to local challenges in vector control management. Yeast interfering RNA-baited larval lethal ovitraps are being developed as a novel biorational control tool for Aedes mosquitoes. This intervention circumvents increasing issues with insecticide resistance and poses no known threat to non-target organisms. In an effort to create public awareness of this alternative vector control strategy, gain stakeholder feedback regarding product design and acceptance of the new intervention, and build capacity for its potential integration into existing mosquito control programs, this investigation pursued community stakeholder engagement activities, which were undertaken in Trinidad and Tobago. Three forms of assessment, including paper surveys, community forums, and household interviews, were used with the goal of evaluating local community stakeholders' knowledge of mosquitoes, vector control practices, and perceptions of the new technology. These activities facilitated evaluation of the hypothesis that the ovitraps would be broadly accepted by community stakeholders as a means of biorational control for Aedes mosquitoes. A comparison of the types of stakeholder input communicated through use of the three assessment tools highlighted the utility and merit of using each tool for assessing new global health interventions. Most study participants reported a general willingness to purchase an ovitrap on condition that it would be affordable and safe for human health and the environment. Stakeholders provided valuable input on product design, distribution, and operation. A need for educational campaigns that provide a mechanism for educating stakeholders about vector ecology and management was highlighted. The results of the investigation, which are likely applicable to many other Caribbean nations and other countries with heavy arboviral disease burdens, were supportive of supplementation of existing vector control strategies through the use of the yeast RNAi-based ovitraps.


Assuntos
Aedes/fisiologia , Controle de Mosquitos/instrumentação , Mosquitos Vetores/virologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Viroses/prevenção & controle , Aedes/virologia , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Controle de Mosquitos/métodos , Oviposição , Participação dos Interessados , Trinidad e Tobago , Viroses/epidemiologia , Viroses/transmissão
18.
Trends Neurosci Educ ; 23: 100155, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current COVID-19 pandemic and proliferation of misinformation regarding science highlights the importance of improving general science literacy. The continued preponderance of neuromyths among educators is of concern, especially in lower- and middle-income countries. METHOD: Using an adapted questionnaire, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among teachers in a small island developing state in the Caribbean. RESULTS: Two-thirds of the sample were unable to recognise at least 50% of the myths. Regression analysis demonstrated that higher scores in brain knowledge and exposure to prior teacher-training increased belief in neuromyths. On the other hand, specific in-service training pertaining to educational neuroscience improved scores. CONCLUSION: Neuromyths are prevalent among teachers and appear to inform their teaching practice. Further research needs to be conducted to explore not just the prevalence of these myths but in what ways they may be impacting teaching and learning outcomes in the classroom.


Assuntos
Neurociência Cognitiva , Competência Profissional , Professores Escolares , COVID-19 , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Capacitação em Serviço , Masculino , Mitologia , Neurociências , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Capacitação de Professores , Trinidad e Tobago
19.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 17: 187-194, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976549

RESUMO

Background: Ideal cardiovascular health behaviour (CVHB) measures four ideal health behaviours (non-smoking, body mass index <85th Percentile, healthy diet, and physical activity). This study aimed to determine the prevalence, distribution, and correlates of ideal CVHB among adolescents in the Caribbean. Methods: Nationally representative cross-sectional data of 2016 or 2017 with complete CVHB measurements were analysed from 7556 school adolescents from four Caribbean countries. Results: The prevalence of 0-1 ideal metrics CVHB was 20.4%, 2 ideal metrics 48.7%, and 3-4 ideal metrics 30.8%. Only 5.0% had all 4 ideal CVHB metrics, 41.0% intermediate CVH (≥1 metric in the intermediate category and none in the poor category), and 54.0% had poor CVH (≥1 metric in poor category). In adjusted logistic regression analysis, compared to students from Dominican Republic, students from Jamaica (Adjusted Odds Ratio-AOR: 1.36, 95% confidence interval-CI: 1.01-1.85), students from Trinidad and Tobago (AOR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.17-1.82) and male sex (AOR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.11-1.64) were positively associated with meeting 3-4 ideal CVHB metrics. In addition, in unadjusted analysis, rarely or sometimes experiencing hunger was negatively and high peer and parent support were positively associated with meeting 3-4 ideal CVHB metrics. Conclusion: The proportion of meeting 3-4 ideal CVHB metrics was low among adolescents in four Caribbean countries. Both high-risk and school-wide intervention programmes should be implemented in aiding to improve CVHB in Caribbean countries. Several factors associated with ideal CVHB were identified, which can be targeted in school health interventions.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta Saudável , República Dominicana/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Jamaica/epidemiologia , Masculino , não Fumantes , Medição de Risco , Suriname/epidemiologia , Trinidad e Tobago/epidemiologia
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